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UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & ENERGY STUDIES

VARIOUS COMPONENTS OF POWER PLANT


| Mohammed Kabiruddin
Various Components of Power Plant
Contents
Boiler Turbine Deaerator Heat Exchangers Super Heater Economizers Condenser Feed water heat
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
Thermal Power Station
1.
Boiler
A boiler is an enclosed vessel that provides a means for combustion heat to be transferred
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
(1) Radiation, which is the transfer of heat from a hot body to a cold body without a conve
The boiler system comprises of: feed water system, steam system and fuel system. The feed w
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
Throughout the system, steam pressure is regulated using valves and checked with steam pres
1. Fire tube or "fire in tube" boilers; contain long steel tubes through which the hot gass
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
2. Water tube or "water in tube" boilers in which the conditions are reversed with the wate
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
2.
Turbine
Turbine, rotary engine that converts the energy of a moving stream of water, steam, or gas
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
3.
Deaerator
A deaerator is a device that is widely used for the removal of air and other dissolved gase
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
4.
Heat Exchangers
Heat exchangers are equipment that transfers heat from one medium to another. The proper de
Heat exchangers may be classified according to their flow arrangement. In parallel-flow hea
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
For efficiency, heat exchangers are designed to maximize the surface area of the wall betwe
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
5.
Super Heater
A super heater is a device in a steam engine that heats the steam generated by the boiler a
Super heaters were applied to steam locomotives in quantity from the early 20th century, to
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
6.
Condenser
The surface condenser is a shell and tube heat exchanger in which cooling water is circulat
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
Thus leaks of non-condensable air into the closed loop must be prevented. Plants operating
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
7.
Economizers
Economizers, or in British English economisers, are mechanical devices intended to reduce e
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
8.
Feed water heater
In the case of a conventional steam-electric power plant utilizing a drum boiler, the surfa
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
9.
Electrical generator:-
In electricity generation, an electrical generator is a device that converts mechanical ene
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES
Various Components of Power Plant
10. Bibliography
1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermal_power_station 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deaer
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Mohammed Kabiruddin, MS-ES, UPES