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AT THE COURT OF THE AMIE

C

t c »••

I.ojidcn.hirliara Bcntle

WalV»riBoutall.Ph.Sc

AT THE

COURT OF THE AMIR

A NARRATIVE

BY

JOHN ALFRED GEAY, M.B. Loxd.

Late Surgeon to H.H. The AmIr of Afghanistan

HAND-MADE AFGHAN RUPEE STAMPED ".AMIB ABDUEKAHMAN.*

LONDON

EICHARD BENTLEY AND SON

1895

[411 Bights Reserved']

if

THE APOLOGY.

I WOULD not have thought of inflicting a book on

my long-suffering fellow-countrymen, but for the

wish expressed by my publishers : for

" Every fool describes in these bright days

His wondrous journey to some Foreign Court."

In Afghanistan however, diflScult of access, and

hence comparatively

unknown,

there have

been,

since that strong man Amir Abdurrahman ascended

the Throne,

such remarkable changes in the ad-

ministration of the country, and such strides towards civilization, that it was thought a narrative of life

there, throwing, possibly, some light on the personality

of the Monarch, and on the " bent " of the people,

might be of general interest.

The book has been written in the intervals

of

professional work,

and, with its

shortcomings

of

diction and style, the only merit it can claimthat

of " local colour

"

is due to the fact that it was

compiled from the letters I wrote from Afghanistan

to her who is now my wife.

Wadham Lodge,

UxBRiDGE Road,

Ealing, W.

229637

r

CONTENTS,

CHAPTER I.

On the Eoad to Kabul

...

...

...

1

The start and tlie wherefore. Unsettled condition o£ Afghanistan.

Departure from Peshawur.

Jumrtid Fort and the Watch-tower.

The

Afghan guard. The Khyber defile. Eccentricities of Eosinante. Lunch at Ali Musjid. Pathan villages. Pathans, their appearance and customs.

Arrival at Landi-Kotal Serai.

The Shenwari country. Caravan of Traders.

Dakka.

Dangers of the Kabul Eiver.

Mussaks.

Camp at Bassawal.

Chahardeh. Mountain road by the river. Distant view of Jelalabad.

CHAPTER 11.

ARRivAii AT Kabul

...

...

...

...

16

Arrival at Jelalabad. Keception by the Governor. The Palace.

The

Town.

The Plain.

Quarters in the Guest Pavilion.

The friendly Khan.

 

Tattang and the gunpowder factory. The Eoyal gardens at Nimla. The Suffed Koh Mountains. Arboreal distribution in Afghanistan. Gundamuk.

Assassination of

Cavagnari : details of the plot.

The " Eed bridge."

Commencement of mountainous ascent to Kabul. JigdiHk. Massacre of

British in 1837- Former dangers of the valley of Katasang.

Enterprising

peasants.

Tomb in the Sei Baba valley.

Burial

customs. The Lataband

Pass and the Iron Cage.

Distant view of Kabul,

The Amir's

projected

road at Lataband. The approach to Kabul.

The Lahore Gate.

 

, CHAPTER m.

 

The Reception

...

...

...

...

31

Position of Kabul. Its defences. Amir's opinion of the Founders of

his Capital.

Entry into Kabul. Aspect of the Townsmen.

Arrival at the

Arm Foundry. Visit of

the Afghan Official. His appearance. Absence of

Amir. To be received at the Palace by the Princes. The approach to the

Palace. The Amir's Pavilion.

Page boys.

The Princes Habibullah and

Nasrullah. The Eeception. Internal arrangement of Pavilion. The earth- quake. Abrupt ending of the Eeception. Other buildings in the Palace.

viii

Contents.

CHAPTER IV.

Afghan Hospitals

...

...

...

The first attendance at an Afghan Hospital Its arrangement.

•••

The

^^

drugs and instruments. The Patients. An Interpreter presents himself.

Dispensers. Marvellous recovery of the Page boy.

Its effect. Buildings

near the Hospital.

The Durbar Hall and Guest House.

The Sherpur

Military Hospital. Lord Eoberts and the Sherpftr Cantonment. Adventure

with an Afghan soldier. Arrangement of the In-patient Hospital. Diet of

Patients. Attendance of Hakims. Storekeepers and their ways.

CHAPTER V.

Afghan Dwellings

...

...

..

...

58

The Besidential streets of Kabul. Their appearance and arrangement. The Police. Criminal Punishments. The Houses. Their internal arrange-

ment. Precautions to ensure privacy. Manner of building for the rich and

for the poor. Effect of rain and earthquake. The wanning of houses in winter. Afternoon teas. Bath-houses. The Afghan bath.

CHAPTER VI.

The Kabul Bazaars

...

...

...

...

The unpopular Governor and his toothache.

The meeting in the Erg

68

Bazaar. Appearance of the Kabul Bazaars. The shops and their contents. Boots, shoes, and cobblers. Copper workers. The tinning of cooking pots.

Impromptu tobacco pipes.

Tobacco smoking by the Eoyal Family.

Silk

and cotton.

"Bargaining."

"Eestaurants."

Tea drinking.

Confec-

tioners.

The baker's oven.

Flour mills. The butcher's shop. Postins and

their cost.

Furs.

Ironmongers.

Arms.

" The German sword."

The

Afghan tulwar. Eifles and pistols. Bows.

Silver and gold-smiths.

Caps

and turbans. Embroidery.

Grocers : tea, sugar, soap, and candles, and

where they come from.

Fruiterers.

Tailors.

" The Railway Guard."

Costume of the Kabuli townsmen. Personal effect of the Amir on costume.

Drug shops.

CHAPTER VII.

Ethics

...

...

...

...

...

Sir S. Pyne's adventure in the Kabul river.

Minars of Alexander.

Mahomedan Mosques.

The Tower on the bank.

The cry of

the Priest.

90

Prayers and Eeligious Processions. Afghan conception of God. Eeligious and non-Religious Afghans. The schoolhouse and the lessons. Priests. SSyids : descendants of the Prophet. The lunatic S^yid. The Hafiz who

was fined.

The Dipsomaniac.

The Chief of the Police and his ways.

Contents.

ix

Danger of prescribing for a prisoner.

"The Thing that walks at night."

The end of the Naib.

Death-bed services.

The Governor of Bamian.

Courtship and weddings among the Afghans.

The formal proposal by a

PAGE

Superior Officer. The wedding of Prince HabibuUah. Priests as healers of

the sick.

The " Evil Eye. "

Ghosts.

CHAPTEE VIII.

 

Afghan Surgeons and Physicians

 

...

...

115

Accidents from machinery in motion. The "dressers of wounds" in

Afghanistan.

Their methods of treating wounds, and the results of the

same. The "Barber surgeons." Tooth drawing and bleeding. The Hin-

dustani " Doctors." " Eye Doctors " and their work. The Hakims or Native

Physicians. Treatment of disease by the People. Aspect in which European

Physicians are viewed by the different Classes.

 
 

CHAPTEE IX.

The March to Turkestan

...

...

...

129

Jealousy and its results. Sport among the Afghans. The " Sportsmen " among the mountains. Order to join the Amtr in Turkestan. Preparations.

Camp at Chiltan.

The Banquet.

The Nautch dance. Among the Hindu

Kush mountains.

The camp

in the Hazara country.

Courtesy of Jan

Mahomed. Mountain paths. Iron spring. The underground river and the

Amir's offer.

The Eed mountain and the Deserted City.

Camp in the

Valley of Bamian. The English prisoners of 1837. The Petrified Dragon.

The Colossal Idols : The Cave-dwellers. The Pass of the " Tooth-breaker."

Ghuzniguk. Story of Ishak's rebellion. Tash Kurghan : the Shave and the

Hospital.

" The Valley of Death."

The Plains of Turkestan and the

heat thereof.

The Mirage. Arrival at Mazar.

The House.

Story of the

death of Amir Shere Ali.

 
 

CHAPTEE X.

 

The AmIr

...

...

...

...

...

157

To be " presented." The Palace Gardens. The Amir. Questions asked by His Highness. Punishment of rebellious in Afghanistan. Asiatic motives

from European standpoint. Amir's arrangement for my safety. Bazaars

and houses of Mazar.

The Suburbs. The Military Hospital. The Patients.

Afghan appreciation of European medical treatment. The two chief Hakims.

Hindustani intrigue.

Amir's sense of Justice.

The Trial.

A Courtier's

influence. The guard of the Amir's table.

 
 

CHAPTEE XI.

Life in Turkestan

...

...

...

...

176

General Nassir Khan. The Belgian's Bequest. Escape of Allah N(ir :

his Capture. The Amir's Decision. The Turkestan Commander-in-Chief.

Operation on Allah Nftr. The Armenian's Comments. lUness of Hadji Jan

Contents.

Mahomed. Excursion to Takh-ta-Pul. Fortune-telling among the Afghans.

The Policeman-cook and the Lunch.

Balkh.

The Mosque at Mazar-i-

Sherif and its Miracles. Called to His Highness. The

Cool-air Pavilion.

Illness of the British Agent : the Armenian's advice : the Answer from

the Amir. Brigadier Hadji-Gul Khan. Afghan Endurance of Suffering. Euclid and Cards.

CHAPTEE XII.

The Inhabitants of Afghanistan

...

...

...

193

Slaves in Kabul : prisoners of war and others. The frequent rebellions.

The different nationalities in Afghanistan.

Origin of the Afghan race.

The

Turk SabaktaMn. Mahmtid of Ghuzni. Buddhism displaced by Mahomedan-

 

ism. Border Afghans.

Duranis. Ghilzais.

Founding of a Dynasty of

Afghan Kings. Ahmad Shah. Timfir Shah.

The Sons of Timiir.

Zaman

Shah. The Afghan " Warwick." Execution of Painda.

Kebellion of the

 

Shah's brother. Mahm<id Shah. Another brother rebels. Shujah-ul-Mulk

crowned : deposed by the Barakzai chief. Exile of Shujah.

The Koh-i-nur.

The Puppet-king and the Barakzai Wazir. Murder of the Wazir. The

Wazir's brother becomes Amir.

The first Afghan War.

Rule of D6st

Mahomed : A Standing Army established.

Accession of Shere Ali.

Amir

Afzal Khan. Abdurrahman. The Ghilzais. Border Pathans, Afridis, Shin-

 

waris. The Hazaras. Turkomans, Usbaks, The Christian Church.

 

CHAPTER XIII.

 

The Birth of Peince Mahomed Omer

...

...

210

Hazara slaves, KaflSr slaves, and others.

Court Pages.

High positions

occupied by slaves.

Price of slaves.

Wife and children of Hazara Chief

in slavery. Illness of the Hostage of an Afghan Chief. Abdur Ra.shid down

with fever.

Own illness and the aches thereof.

The British Agent's postal

arrangements. Postage in Afghanistan. Power of annoying possessed by

Interpreters. The Chief Bugler.

The Page boy and the Sirdar.

The Page

boy and the Amir. The uproar on September 15th. Congratulations to the

Sultana. The crowd outside the Harem Serai. The Sultana's reply. Matter

of succession compKcated. Surgical operations. The Priest with a blemish

his request. The Amir's reply.

The operation. The Mirza's comments.

CHAPTER XIV.

 

The Rearing of the Infant Prince

...

...

225

The Amir's autograph letter.

Medical consultation concerning the

rearing of the Prince. Conflicting customs of the Orient and the Occident.

Conservative nurses.

The " Hakim fair to see" : the patient.

Lessons in

Persian and in English. Portrait painting. Dietary difficulties. Gracious

acts of His Highness.

Amir's letter of condolence.

The Royal visit by

deputy. Congratulations of the British Agent. Accident to the favourite

Page.

The khirgar.

Attempt upon the life of the Amir.

An earthquake.

Contents.

XI

Afghan appreciation o£ pictures and jokes.

Generosity of the Amir.

The

first winter Durbar. The Royal costume. The Amir's question : the Parable.

The dining-room. The guests. The breakfast.

The press of State business.

Amir's thoughtful kindness. Visit to the Commander-in-Chief. The ride to

the Hospital.

Adventure with the "fool horse."

winter. *' Two much and three much."

Hospital patients in

CHAPTER XV.

 

The Amir's Conversation

...

...

,,,

251

Sent for to the Palace.

Fragility of Europeans. The Amir's

postin.

The Bedchamber. The King's evening costume. The guests. The Amir's

illness. School in the Durbar-room.

The Amir's conversation. Khans :

the water supply of London : plurality of wives. The Amir is bled. His High-

ness a physician in Turkestan. Drawing. The Amir's portrait. Amir's

choice of costume.

The Shah of Persia. Portraits of the Shah. The rupee

and the Queen's portrait.

Cigar holders.

Concerning Afghan hillmen.

Dinner.

The Amir's domestic habits . Amir's consideration for subordinates.

European customs. The new Kabul.

Native drugs.

Soup and beef tea.

The paper trick. The Kafir Page. European correspondence. Yaccination

of Prince Mahomed Omer. Afghan women. The Prince's house. The Prince.

The operation. Abdul Wahid. Afghan desire for vaccination.

The

Armenian's useful sagacity. An Afghan superstition. The Agent's secretary.

 

His comments upon Bret Harte : the meaning of "By Jove."

European

" divorce " from an Oriental point of view.

 
 

CHAPTER XVI.

The First Sitting

...

...

...

...

272

Morning prayers.

Early tea.

Breakfast.

The first sitting for the

 

Amir's portrait.

The Courtier's criticism. The Amir's rebuke. The Depu-

tation. Conversation with the Amir : the climate of England and Australia.

Awe of the Courtiers. The favourite Page boy's privileges. Serious

incident at a sitting.

The Captain's toothache. Present of a rifle from the

Amir. The shooting expedition and its dangers.

Courage of the ' ' Burma

policeman."

The eccentric rider.

The singing Afghan.

The scenery of

Mazar. Salutations in the market place.

The meeting with Prince Amin

UUah.

 

CHAPTER XVII.

The Amir as an Art Critic

...

...

...

282

The " villain " cook.

Mental effect of a cold in the head.

Portrait of

the infant Prince.

The Amir's reflection in the window.

The Amir as

 

an Art Critic.

Salaams to the King's Portrait.

The Amir's toilet.

A

shooting expedition. The mud of Mazar. The Armenian's comments. The

sample case of cigars. The Amir's handwriting. A sunset.

xii

Contents.

CHAPTER XVIII.

 

The Levee on New Year's Day

...

...

...

293

The Mahomedan New Year's Eve.

Presents.

 

Coinage of Afghanistan : Eupees : Pice : the " Tilla."

The "Izzat" medal. Levee on New Year's

Day.

The guests : Maleks and Governors : the British Agent.

Presents

to the Amir. Chess as played in Afghanistan. The Amir as a Pathologist

The steam-engine pony.

Sight-seeing with the Princes.

The Temple of

Mazar.

The booths at the entrance to the Temple.

The Park of Mazar.

Native music. The Afghan dance. Kabuli wrestling.

 
 

CHAPTER XIX.

The Young Princes

...

308

...

Infant Prince as the Sultana's Deputy.

...

...

Reception by the Prince : the

pavilion : the guard : costume. Visit to Prince Hafiz Ullah.

Her Majesty's

photograph.

Lunch with the Prince in the Palace Gardens.

The " Royal

manner." The mother of Prince Hafiz Ullah.

A drawing of the Prince.

Adventure with the fat General. The power of the Amir's name. The Amir

as a Consulting Surgeon.

The Fast of Ramazkn.

Overdose of tobacco.

The Evening Durbar. Danger if a King fasts ; " Maraz^n."

The Durbar.

The surgical operation : attempted vendetta.

Flowers in the Palace.

The

Usbak's artistic design.

The Amir's diary.

The present of sugar. Official

 

notice of return march to Kabul.

The " Cracker."

End of Ramazan.

The

guard of Amazons.

 
 

CHAPTER XX.

 

The Return Journey to Kabul ...

...

...

324

Loading up.

The first camp.

Tropical

heat : the whirlwind.

The

Amir's khirgar,

Scanty rations. Midnight marching.

Dangers in the

 

pitchy darkness.

Impure water.

Daybreak.

The second camp.

Lost on

the plains. Naibabad : the rain. The march to Tash Kurghan.

The Khulm

Pass.

Sight seeing from the house tops. The Durbar.

Punishment of the

unjust townsfolk. The Amir's health.

The eclipse of the sun.

On the

march again : the dust : jammed in the valleys.

Ghuzniguk. An Afghan

"Good Samaritan." A poisonous sting: the Amir's remedy.

A block on

the road.

The tiger valley.

Haibuk. Adventure with the elephant : the

somnolent Afghan. The aqueduct. Discomforts of a camp in an orchard.

 

CHAPTER XXI.

 

The Arrival in Kabul

...

...

...

...

846

The Durbar in Haibuk. " Rustom's throne." The ancient caves.

The

wounded Governor : Kabul dentistry.

The erring Hakim.

Courtesy of

His Highness. "Microbes." Elephant riding. A grateful peasant.

Dan-

Contents.

xiii

PAGE

gerous passes.

The Durbar at Shush- Burjali : the hot river.

the "Tooth-breaker." Akrab-Abad. The camp of the camels.

Accidents on

A pet dog.

Evil results of "temper."

A cheap banquet.

Coal.

Arrival of

English-

men. Durbar at Kalai Kasi.

The . Amir again as a physician.

Approach

to Kabul. Reception by the Princes.

The " High garden." The Pavilion.

Malek the Page.

Arrival of the Amir.

The Reception.

Arrival at the

Workshops. Hospitality.

CHAPTER XXII.

 

Life in Kabul

...

...

...

...

...

361

The Id festival: salaam to the Amir : the eJucating of Afghans.

Pro-

ducts of the Workshops.

Royal lunch at Endekki : the Invitation : the

 

Brougham : the Palace : the Drawing-room : the Piano. Evening illumina-

tion of gardens : dinner. The unreliable Interpreter. A night at the Palace.

Commencement of intrigue. Gifts to

 

the Amir.

The rebuke to Prince

NasruUah. Noah's Ark : the nodding images.

Illness again : the Amir's

advice.

An afternoon call. Illness of the Amir: the visit: His Highness's

question : the Amir's good breeding. An earthquake.

Report on Kabul

brandy: Mr. Pyne's opinion : the Amir's perplexity. The Hindu's objection.

The mysterious midnight noise : the solution of the mystery. Mumps. The wedding of Prince Nasrullah : invitation from the Sultana : the P^te : a band

of pipers.

The Prince and his bride.

Overwork at the Hospital.

One of

the troubles of a Ruler.

Scenery near Bala Hissar. The Amir duck shoot-

 

ing.

The sick chief : his imprudence : his amusements. The will of the clan.

 

CHAPTER XXIII.

 
 

The Amir's Illness

...

...

...

...

38l

Sent for to the Palace.

The Amir's health : the Liniment. Questions in

chemistry. Early breakfast at the Palace. A courtier as a waiter. Called to

Prince Aziz Ullah : his illness. Illness of the Deputy Commander-in-Chief.

A visit to Prince Mahomed Omer. The Queen's [brougham : her Reverend

Uncle.

The Jelalabad official and his promise.

Dinner with Mr. Pyne.

Death of Prince Aziz UUah.

The Chief ill again.

The weather.

The

silence at the Palace.

December 2nd : the Call. The town at night. Illness

of the Amir : former treatment.

The Amir's prayer. Bulletins.

Called to

the Sultana.

The Harem. The Sultana's illness. A poisonous dose.

Im-

provement of Amir : and of Sultana. The innocent plot. A present. Musicians.

Amir and Sultana as patients. Annoyances by an interpreter. A shock. The

Sultana's letter. News from Malek, the Page. In the Harem : the Armenian's comments. Quarters in the Prince's quadrangle. The Amir's relapse.

xiv

Contents.

CHAPTEE XXIV.

EoYAL Patients

...

...

...

.

.

399

The

Hindustani Interpreter.

The Amir as a host : the Sultana as

hostess. The Amir's photograph. The Sultana's name. Sirdar, the girl-boy.

The sleeping draught. The ea cup and the thermometer.

The Christmas

Dinner : the guests : the menu : music.

The Amir's fainting attack : the

remedy : effect on the physician : the substituted remedy : further effect on

the physician: the Amir's prescription.

symptoms.

Nasrullah.

Hospital cases.

Duties

of

The Amir's alarming nervous the Princes Habibullah and

CHAPTER XXV.

A Kabul Winter

...

...

...

...

410

Hindustani intrigue :

information from the British Agent :

offer of

assistance : measures for protection : further intrigue. The " Royal manner."

The two factions : Habibtdlah : Mahomed Oraer. The question of succession.

Return to the City House and English Society : the cold of Kabul.

The

naked beggar boy.

The old Kabul bridge.

The question of "bleeding."

Disbanding of a Shiah regiment. Amir's advice to his sons. Improvement

in Amir's health. The Hindustani again : Sabbath. The Afghan noble as

workshop superintendent. New Year sports. The grand stand : the crowd :

refreshments. Horse-racing: collisions. Tent pegging and its dangers. Lemon slicing. Displays of horsemanship. Amir's absence from the sports.

The Naia Il6z levee.

Salaam to the Sultana.

Amir in the Salaam Khana

reception of the Maleks and merchants : presents. The Princes standing

before the Amir.

Reception of the English engineers :

beard : " his age : the Amir's surprise.

the " White-

CHAPTER XXVI.

A Kabul Spring

...

...

...

...

426

Spring clothing : a grateful Afghan. Poison bowls. A haunted house :

the skeleton in the garden. Increase of patients. Called to the Palace : Amir's costume. Troubles of a Ruler : Secretary in disgrace. Amir's plans for the

future.

Geologists in the service. Occidental v. Oriental. Mercantile com-

missions. The Armenian's leave.

The locusts. Prince Mahomed Omer and

his Lala. The Pala<3e gardens. A military Durbar. Amir's thoughtfuLaess.

A portrait. Amir's opinion of his people : education of his soldiers.

The

arrest : murder of the prisoner : the Amir's decision.

Ramazan. Rising of

 

the river.

The Id Festival.

The Physician's plans : the Amir's

comment.

Prince Habibullah' s portrait : Prince Nasrullah's portrait : his remark.

Contents.

xv

CHAPTER XXVII.

 

On Leave

...

...

...

...

442

The last Durbar : the Amir's remark : a wedding present. The journey

down.

An awful day:

"difficult hot."

Exhaustion-

The work of the

locusts. The breeding establishment : a study in colour. An illegal march.

Simla.

The Despatch.

Dinners and dances.

The study of character. The

Armenian in London.

Eetum to India.

 
 

CHAPTER XXVIII.

 

The Welcome to Kabul

 

...

...

...

454

Pathan rifle thieves. Dacca. The midnight alarm : the melee.

"Bally

rascals." The next morning.

The terror of the Amir's name.

Eunning

postmen. Kabul post.

Armenian's opinion of London.

Changes in the

English "staff." Visitors: letters. Lady doctor's application. Salaam

to the Amir.

His Highness's welcome. The military Durbar. Presents.

The new British Agent. Yisit to the Sultana. Salaam to Prince Habi-

buUah.

Another visit to the Amir : his appreciation of scenic effect.

His

answer to the lady doctor's application.

 
 

CHAPTER XXIX.

 

The Cholera ...

...

...

...

...

465

EamazAn.

The outbreak of Cholera. Precautions.

Notices in the

bazaars.

Eapid spread. European medicine. The overwhelming dread.

Processions to the Mosque.

Oriental fatalism.

The shadow of death.

Ee-

moval of the Court to the mountains. Closure of the workshops.

The

Armenian as an Inspector,

The Prince's chamberlain.

Death of the

 

Dabier-ul-Mulk.

The mortality.

An incident.

Afghan appreciation of

British motives.

Arrival of an Englishman with thoroughbred horses.

Dying

out of the Cholera.

Visit to Paghman.

The soldiers in chains.

Anger

of the Amir.

An earthquake : the Amir as a scientist.

Illness of

the " Keeper of the Carpets."

Arrival of Mr. Pyne and other Englishmen.

Another visit to the Amir. His Highness's description of a Eoyal illness.

Dinner from the Palace : the sealed dishes.

 
 

CHAPTER XXX.

 

Another Winter

...

...

...

...

479

A political Durbar : tact of the Amir : a friendly soldier.

The banquet.

Eoturn of the Cholera. Essay on " Precautionary measures."

Health of

the English in Kabul.

Eeport to the Amir : His Highness's kindness. Visit

to Prince Nasrullah : a "worm-eaten" tooth: the operation. Erring

xvi

Contents.

Englishmen : the Amir's remedy. Amir as a chess-player.

The far-sighted

Armenian : winter quarters. End of the Cholera. Invasion of Small-pox and

Erysipelas. To Paghman : Portrait of Prince Mahomed Omer : present from

the Sultana.

The sketch of the Prince : resemblance to the Amir : his

costume : arrangement of the

group.

Present of a slave boy.

A lesson in

courtesy to the Page boys.

Native dinners.

Visit of Mr. Pyne : the sandali.

Completion of the portrait.

The Amir's remark.

Sultana's gift to the

Paghmanis : Afghan mode of slaughtering.

Ride to Kabul : the mud.

The Afghan Agent: the "Gnat."

Sent for to the Palace: a Landscape

Commission : postponement of leave : disappointment : the Amir's remedy.

Christmas dinner at the shops.

The " Health of Her Majesty."

CHAPTER XXXI.

Adieu to Kabul

...

...

...

...

497

Afghan artists.

Presentation

of the little Prince's

portrait.

His

quarters at the Palace. The Prince as a host.

A walk in the Kabul Bazaars.

 

Before the Amir : landscapes. A fresh commission.

The " Gnat's "

inter-

preting.

The Amir's answer.

Art pupils before the Amir.

The Amir's

 

kindly remark. The miner's dog : shattered nerves and surgical operations.

The worries of Kabul life.

To Paghman : the glens : the spy.

Sketches.

Before the Amir. A fresh Commission. Adieux.

 

CHAPTER XXXII.

The Argument

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...

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612

Afghan court life from an English standpoint The Afghan Courtier.

TJntrustworthiQess. Intrigue. Question of "cause" or "consequence."

Possibility of raising the moral plane.

Highness's great work. Certain evils.

The Amir's obvious opinion. His Former condition of the middle

classes : present condition : opening of the eyes : comparison with similar

class in India.

Progress ia Afghanistan.

Civilizing effect of the Amir.

D6st Mahomed's rule : comparison with Abdurrahman. Altered condition

of country.

The Amir's civilizing measures : drastic measures. Peaceful

measures : education : the teaching of handicrafts : of art : the spreadinj?

of knowledge : prizes for good or original work.

the Amir.

Personal fascination of