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INTERNATIONAL TRACTORS LIMITED

HOSHIARPUR
FEA FINAL REPORT COVER SHEET

Doc. No. QF/7.3/76


Rev No.: B
Page of

Project Report No: ITL/ R&D-T/FEA/134


Date: 31-10-2012
Part Name: Drive Shaft 3.5' (Rotavator) - Garden Trac.
Part Number: 10075099AA
Objective: To check the strength of Drive Shaft 3.5' (Rotavator) - Garden Trac.
Analysis/Observation: Linear Static Analysis of Drive Shaft was done
corresponding to maximum rated power from the PTO shaft. One combined Load
case was simulated i.e. T(Torsion due to F t), Fr (Radial Force) and Ma (Moment due
to Fa). All the loads are applied on center of the shaft. It was found to be safe in the
applied load case.
Conclusion: Drive Shaft 3.5' (Rotavator) - Garden Trac. was found to be safe in the
above mentioned load case.

NA
Prepared
By:
Team
Member
CAE

Verified
By:

Checked
By:

Analyst
CAE

Head
CAE

NA
Received
By:

Approved By:
Head
ICML
R&D

Head
Engine
R&D

Head
Tractor
R&D

Head
Design

Summarized Linear Static FEA Results - Von-Mises Stress


Drive Shaft 3.5' (Rotavator) - Garden Trac
Load Case

Static
T( Torsion) + Fr (Radial) + Ma( Moment due to Fa)

Loads
.

616660 N-mm + 7873.29 N + 137788.89 N-mm

Von - Mises Stress (N/mm2)

226

Maximum Displacement (m)

19

Material

EN-19

Ultimate Tensile Strength (N/mm2)

972

Yield Strength (N/mm2)

635

Required Factor of Safety

1.5

Maximum Allowable Stress (N/mm2)

423

Available Factor of Safety

2.80
Safe

Comments

(Refer Fig.3 & 5)

Summarized Linear Static FEA Results - Max. Shear Stress


Drive Shaft 3.5' (Rotavator) - Garden Trac
Load Case
Loads

Static
T( Torsion) + Fr (Radial) + Ma( Moment due to Fa)
616660 N-mm + 7873.29 N + 137788.89 N-mm

Max. Shear Stress (N/mm2)

190

Maximum Displacement (m)

19

Material

EN-19

Ultimate Tensile Strength (N/mm2)

972

Yield Strength (N/mm2)

635

Required Factor of Safety

1.5

Maximum Allowable Shear Stress (N/mm2)

245*

Available Factor of Safety

1.93
Safe

Comments

(Refer Fig.4 & 5)

0.58 635
245
1.5
3

*Allowable Shear Stress

Technical Specifications
This Drive Shaft is to be used in the Rotavator 3.5' Garden Trac. Power at PTO is 14 HP, RPM of
PTO is 540 and torque at PTO is 185 Nm.

Material Specifications
Drive Shaft is made of EN - 19 whose material Properties are given below:Modulus of Elasticity

205000.00

Poissons Ratio

N/mm2

0.290

Mass Density

7850.00

kg/m3

Ultimate Tensile Strength

972.00

N/mm2

Yield Strength

635.00

N/mm2

Shear Strength

368.00

N/mm2

Loads & Boundary Conditions


Drive Shaft was modeled using Solid Parabolic Tetrahedron Elements.
Total No. of Elements
Total No. of Nodes

:
:

67201
106459

Following Load Case was simulated:1. T, Fr and Ma act on Drive Shaft at center axis.
T, Fr and Ma act on Drive Shaft at center axis: - In this case Drive Shaft was fully constrained
on surface where Bearings are fitted and a combined Load of . Tt, Fr and Ma (616660 N-mm,
7873.29 N, 137788.89 N-mm) were applied respectively corresponding to maximum power. The
above mentioned loads act on Drive shaft which are transferred from the crown wheel due to the
meshing of Crown Wheel and tail pinion. (Refer Fig.1&2).

Conclusion: Drive Shaft 3.5` (Rotavator) - Garden Trac. was found to be safe in all
mentioned load cases.

References
1. Hand Book Of Gear Design by Gitin M. Maitra.
2. Textbook of Machine Design by R.S.Khurmi and J.K.Gupta.
3. The Metal Data Handbook by Alok Nayar.

Figure 1: 3D Model of Drive Shaft (Rotavator 3.5') Garden Trac

Constrained in all direction


Figure 2: Meshed Model & Boundary Condition of Drive Shaft

226 N/mm2

Figure 3: Von-Misses Stress Plot of Drive Shaft

190 N/mm2
Figure 4: Shear Stress Plot of Drive Shaft

Figure 5: Deformation Plot of Drive Shaft