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Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

SECTION 7
STREET LIGHTING

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 159

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

SECTION 7 - STREET LIGHTING


Page
7.1

GENERAL

7.1.1

Scope of Work

S7 - 162

7.1.2

On Site Commissioning Tests

S7 - 162

7.1.3

As-Built Drawings

S7 - 162

7.1.4

Maintenance

S7 - 163

7.1.5

Traffic Safety and Control

S7 - 163

7.2

LOW VOLTAGE UNDERGROUND CABLES

7.2.1

General

S7 -164

7.2.2
Types of Cables
7.2.2.1 Power Cables S7 - 4
7.2.2.2 Earthing Conductors S7 - 4

S7 - 164

7.2.3

Lengths of Cables

S7 - 164

7.2.4

Cable Routes

S7 - 164

7.2.5

Cable Trenches

S7 - 165

7.2.6

Cable Ducts

S7 - 165

7.2.7
Cable Termination
7.2.7.1 Termination of PVC Insulated Armoured Cable
7.2.7.2 Termination of Paper Insulated Cables

S7 - 166
S7 - 166
S7 - 166

7.2.8

Cable Jointing

S7 - 167

7.2.9

Cable Markers

S7 - 167

7.2.10

Cable Laying and Installation

S7 - 168

7.3

STREET LIGHTING LUMINAIRES

7.3.1

Light Distribution Requirements

S7 - 170

7.3.2
7.3.2.1
7.3.2.2
7.3.2.3
7.3.2.4
7.3.2.5

Constructional Requirements
Luminaires
Lamps
Ballast
Capacitors
Ignitors

S7 - 170
S7 - 170
S7 - 171
S7 - 172
S7 - 172
S7 - 172

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 160

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

page
7.4

FEEDER-PILLARS

S7 - 14

7.4.1

General

S7 - 172

7.4.2

Fabrication of Feeder-Pillars

S7 - 172

7.4.3

Factory Inspection

S7 - 173

7.4.4

Foundation

S7 - 173

7.4.5

Earthing

S7 - 173

7.4.6

Time Switches

S7 - 173

7.4.7

Contactors

S7 - 173

7.4.8

By-Pass Switches and Selector Switches

S7 - 173

7.5

COLUMNS AND BRACKETS S7 - 16

7.5.1

General

S7 - 174

7.5.2

Design Loading

S7 - 174

7.5.3
Fabrication of Column Sections
7.5.3.1 Doors and Door Openings
7.5.3.2 Service Slots

S7 - 174
S7 - 174
S7 - 174

7.5.4

Bracket Arms

S7 - 174

7.5.5

Base-Plates

S7 - 175

7.5.6

Baseboards

S7 - 175

7.5.7

Street Lighting Cut-Outs

S7 - 175

7.5.8

Earthing Terminals

S7 - 175

7.5.9

Cable Entry

S7 - 175

7.5.10

Erection of Columns

S7 - 175

7.5.11

Protection Against Corrosion

S7 - 176

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 161

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works


Tests on cables shall include
continuity, phasing out and insulation
resistance between conductors and
between conductors and sheaths by
employing a 500 V insulation
tester.The date of commissioning
shall be agreed to by the S.O. and the
Electrical Contractor shall ensure
that the installation is safe before the
cable is energised.

SECTION 7 - STREET LIGHTING

7.1

GENERAL

7.1.1

Scope of Work
This work shall comprise the design
of cabling works and the supply and
installation of all luminaires, lamps,
ballasts, capacitors, ignitors, feeder
pillars, columns, ducting and cabling,
and all necessary ancillary
equipment, together with the
transportation, storage, erection,
connection, testing and
commissioning of the same for a
complete street lighting system, all in
accordance with the Drawings and
this Specification. The work shall
also include cabling from the nearest
specified power source of the local
supply authority to the street lighting
system, if required.

7.1.2

On Site Commissioning Tests


On completion of the installation
work on site, the Electrical
Contractor shall, at his own expense,
arrange for all necessary tests to be
carried out on the installation by
competent personnel as part of the
tests required of him for the whole of
the installation under this Contract.

The S.O. reserves the right to be


present at all tests and the Electrical
Contractor shall give at least one (1)
week's notice in writing to the S.O.
for this purpose. In any case, no test
shall be carried out without prior
approval from the S.O. Copies of all
test certificates shall be submitted to
the S.O. within one (1) week of the
completion of the testing.

7.1.3

As-Built Drawings
Within three (3) calender months
from the practical completion of the
installation, one set of true-to-scale
negatives (110/115 g/sq.m A0 or A1
sizes) and four sets of prints of each
of the following as-built drawings
shall be submitted to the S.O. by the
Electrical Contractor :i) Site plans;
ii) Schematic wiring diagrams;

The tests to be carried out shall be as


prescribed in the latest edition of the
IEE Wiring Regulations and the
Electricity (Board Supplies) Rules
1949, and shall include other tests
deemed necessary by the S.O. In the
event that the installation fails to pass
any of these tests, the Electrical
Contractor shall take such measures
as are necessary to remedy the
defects and the installation shall not
be considered to have been
completed until all such tests have
been passed.
Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

iii) Layout plans showing cable


routes with reference to easily
recognisable buildings and
structures, sizes and types of
cables, locations and types of
joints, cable ducts, street lighting
poles and luminaires, feeder
pillars and earthing points.

Page 162

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

These as-built drawings shall be


properly stencilled and shall
have, at the lower right hand
corner, the Electrical Contractor's
name and address, the date of
commissioning, the scale,
drawing number (this shall be
obtained from the S.O.) and title,
and the following particulars:-

ii) replacing any broken or defective


cable markers;
iii) making good any damage to
buildings, concrete areas, slopes,
drains, culverts, existing cables,
pipes, etc., which have not been
properly made good as a result of
the Electrical Contractor's work;
and

JABATAN KERJA RAYA


CAWANGAN ELEKTRIK
CONTRACT NO.
TENDER NO.

iv) carrying out any other work


deemed necessary by the S.O.
7.1.5

In addition, one (1) set of the asbuilt drawings shall be properly


framed and kept in the
switchroom.
If the as-built drawings submitted
are not acceptable by the S.O.,
the Electrical Contractor shall
amend and resubmit the drawings
within two (2) weeks from the
date of return of the drawings.
7.1.4

Maintenance
During the Defects Liability Period,
the Electrical Contractor shall per
form maintenance work for the
complete cabling and associated
works. All labour, materials, tools
and parts necessary to rectify the
defects due to manufacturing or
installation faults shall be supplied
and/or executed at no extra cost to
the Government. Maintenance work
shall be carried out as soon as the
Electrical Contractor has been
informed by the S.O. to do so.

Traffic Safety and Control


When work is being carried out
beside any public road or other
existing road, warning signs shall be
erected. The general arrangement
and location of temporary warning
signs shall be strictly in accordance
with ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN)
2C/85, published by Cawangan
Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, Kuala
Lumpur, and shall be submitted by
the Electrical Contractor and
approved by the S.O. before work
commences.
Where it is necessary for any pit or
trench to be left open overnight,
flashing warning lamps shall be
placed at each end of the pit or
trench and at intervals not greater
than 10 m apart. In built-up areas,
barricades shall be erected along the
length of the pit or trench in addition
to the warning lamps.
Where necessary, flag-men shall be
stationed to control traffic.

The work to be performed shall


include but shall not be limited to the
following :i) replacing or making good any
defective cables, cable joints and
cable terminations;
Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 163

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

7.2

Standard Specification For Road Works

LOW VOLTAGE
UNDERGROUND CABLES

7.2.1

iii) B.S. 6480 Part 1 and shall


have high conductivity plain
copper stranded conductors,
insulated with strong longfibred paper, uniform in
texture, free from metallic
particles, mass impregnated
with non-draining insulating
oil compound suitable for a
voltage of between 600 and
1000 V, lead alloy sheathed,
double steel tape armoured
and served.

General
The Electrical Contractor shall
submit, for the approval of the S.O.,
a program of work for the excavation
of cable trenches, laying of cables,
reinstatement of trenches, etc., one
(1) week before the work is to be
executed.

7.2.2

Types of Cables
7.2.2.2 Earthing Conductors

7.2.2.1 Power Cables


Cables from street-lighting cutouts and earthing cables to
luminaires shall be 2.5 sq.mm
PVC/PVC cables bundled
together with cable ties and
terminated with lugs where
necessary.

Power cables shall be


manufactured and tested in
accordance with :i) M.S. 274 or B.S. 6346 and
shall have high conductivity
plain copper stranded
conductors, insulated with
PVC suitable for a voltage of
between 600 and 1000 V, laid
together and bedded with
PVC, armoured with
galvanised steel wires and
sheathed with PVC; or
ii) B.S. 6480 Part 1 and shall
have high conductivity plain
copper stranded conductors,
insulated with strong longfibred paper, uniform in
texture, free from metallic
particles, mass impregnated
with non-draining insulating
oil compound suitable for a
voltage of between 600 and
1000 V, lead alloy sheathed
and served; or

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

7.2.3

Lengths of Cables
The lengths of each type of cable
indicated on the Drawings and/or in
the B.Q. are for tendering purposes
only. The Electrical Contractor shall
as certain the length of each cable
required before placing orders for
cables. The actual length of each
cable installed shall be measured on
site and the Electrical Contractor
shall be paid according to the rate
specified in the Contract. The rates
quoted shall include any wastage due
to cutting to lengths, terminations,
etc.

7.2.4

Cable Routes
Cable routes shown on the Drawings
are for tendering purposes only. The
Electrical Contractor shall, after
consulting the S.O., peg out cable
routes for the S.O.'s approval prior to
excavation of the cable trenches.

Page 164

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

7.2.5

Cable Trenches
Unless otherwise specified, cable
trenches shall be 750 mm deep. They
shall be of sufficient width as to
enable provision of adequate spacing
between cables but in any case shall
not be less than 450 mm wide.
Trenches shall be as straight as
possible and shall have vertical sides
which shall be timbered where
necessary so as to avoid subsidence
damage. The bottoms of trenches
shall be firm and of smooth contour
and any objects likely to damage the
cable sheathing shall be removed.
Material excavated from trenches
shall be placed or removed so as to
prevent nuisance or damage to
adjacent areas or buildings.
Trench excavation and backfilling
shall be so executed that all roads,
walls, sewers, drains, pipes, cables,
structures, etc., shall be reasonably
secured against risk of subsidence
damage. Provision shall be made
during excavation and until interim
restoration has been completed for
reasonable access of persons and
vehicles to the areas of buildings
adjacent to the trenches.
Where a trench passes from a foot
way to a roadway or at other
positions where a change in level is
necessary, the bottom of the trench
shall rise and/or fall gradually.

7.2.6

Cable Ducts
At road crossings, sewerage pipe
crossings, water pipe crossings,
paved areas, concrete areas and
where specified by the S.O., cables
shall be protected by galvanised steel
pipes buried to a depth of 900 mm
below finished ground level. The
pipes shall be heavy duty pipes

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Standard Specification For Road Works


complying with B.S. 1387,
complete with screwed and
socketed joints. Unless otherwise
specified, the pipes shall be 150
mm in diameter.
The Electrical Contractor shall
provide pumps and other
appliances for the necessary
pumping required for the disposal
of water so as to prevent any risk
of the cables and other materials
to be laid in the trench from
being detrimentally affected.
Where necessary, bailing shall be
provided.
Where it is necessary to cross
drains, culverts or similar
obstructions which are too deep
for the cables to be buried below,
galvanised steel pipes as specified
above shall be provided. The
pipes shall be supported at each
end in a concrete block and shall
project through the blocks into
the ground to a depth of at least
750 mm.
All ducts shall be extended at
least 600 mm beyond paved
areas, concrete areas, drains, road
crossings, pipe crossings, etc.
Cables entering buildings shall be
protected by pitch fibre ducts of
150 mm diameter, complying
with B.S. 4108, complete with
bend pieces, buried to a depth of
900 mm and encased in 75 mm
of concrete all round. The ducts
shall be installed with a gradient
so as to drain away any water in
the ducts. All ducts passing
through walls shall be effectively
sealed and made water-tight.

Page 165

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Unless otherwise approved by the


S.O., the number of cables
installed in each duct shall be
such that the space factor shall be
not less than 60%. A drawn wire
shall be provided for each duct.
Unless specified to be provided
by others, the above galvanised
steel pipes and /or pitch fibre
ducts shall be provided by the
Electrical Contractor whether or
not they are shown on the
Drawings.
7.2.7

Cable Termination
Unless otherwise permitted, all cable
termination and jointing works shall
be carried out in the presence of the
S.O. A plastic laminated plate
engraved with details such as size of
cable, number of cores, date of com
missioning, date of jointing, length
of cable, distance of cable joint, etc.,
shall be securely fixed near the
termination.

7.2.7.1 Termination of PVC Insulated


Armoured Cables
PVC/SWA/PVC cables shall be
provided with compression cable
gland termination. The cable
gland shall be of gunmetal or
brass and shall grip both the inner
and outer PVC sheath of the
cable. It shall be so designed that
any strain on the cable is taken by
the steel wire armouring which
shall be effectively sealed
between the gland itself and the
outer cable sheath.

Standard Specification For Road Works


7.2.7.2 Termination of Paper Insulated
Cables
PILCDS and PILCDSTAS paper
insulated cables, unless otherwise
specified, shall be terminated by
the heat shrinkable method.
The cables shall be tested for
moisture before termination is
commenced. Samples of paper
both from the layers nearest to
and furthest from the conductor
shall be immersed in transformer
oil or paraffin wax heated to a
temperature of approximately
115C. If any residual moisture is
present, this will be detected
immediately through the presence
of bubbles. Samples of paper
shall be tested singly and shall
not be touched by hand, but shall
be gripped with a pair of
tweezers.
Phasing and insulation resistance
tests shall be taken on each length
of cable laid before termination is
commenced.
The heat shrinkable termination
materials used shall be supplied
in a complete kit to suit various
sizes of cable and to provide
stress controlled, non-tracking,
environmentally sealed
termination. They shall consist of
high permittivity, high resistivity,
heat shrinkable, stress controlled,
UV stable, non-tracking
polymeric materials and heatactivated sealants to prevent
ingress of moisture and
contamination.
Terminations shall meet the
performance tests of IEC 112,
IEC 446 and IEC 507, Section 3.
They shall also have the
following performance
characteristics :-

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 166

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

i) A.C. Voltage withstand


for 15 minutes, 50 Hz :
4.0 kV phase to earth;

Core numbers printed on papers


shall be observed when jointing
and, whenever possible, such
numbers shall be maintained
throughout the system. Core
numbers `0', `1', `2' and `3' shall
denote neutral, red, yellow and
blue phases respectively. In the
case of 2-core cables, core number
`1' shall denote the phase conductor
and `0' the neutral. Crossing of cores
in the cable boxes shall be avoided
wherever possible and connections
shall be consistent with the foregoing
requirements.

ii) A.C. Voltage withstand


for 4 hours, 50 Hz :
3.0 kV phase to earth;
iii) Impulse Voltage withstand 10
positive and 10 negative,
1.2/50 microseconds :
8.0 kV peak phase to earth;
iv) Continuous A.C. Voltage
1.5 kV phase to earth;

v) Insulation Resistance
between phase conductor
and ground : > 1000
Megaohms.
7.2.8

Cable Jointing
Jointing of cables shall be
undertaken only by competent and
fully experienced jointers.
Cable boxes, compounds and
jointing materials used shall be of an
approved type. Every cable joint
shall be started and finished on the
same day.
Wherever cables are to be jointed in
the open during wet weather
conditions, the Electrical Contractor
shall take all necessary precautions
to prevent moisture from getting into
the cables. Where cable sheaths are
to be used as earth continuity
conductors, the glands shall have the
necessary contact surface to provide
a low resistance path under fault
conditions.

7.2.9

Cable Markers
Cable markers with lettering and
signs as shown on the Drawings
shall be provided by the Electrical
Contractor at every change of
direction of underground cable
routes and every 15 m on straight
runs. Cable markers shall be of
heavy duty reinforced concrete
construction and shall be approved
by the S.O.
The cable marker shall form a
trapezoidal block with a 100 mm
square top face and 150 mm square
bottom face, and shall be 400 mm in
height as shown on the Drawings.
The top face shall be indented in
bold lettering with the initials "L.V."
and a directional sign or signs
indicating the direction/directions of
the cable route. The cable marker
shall be buried to a depth of 300 mm
or any other depth as directed by the
S.O. Cable joint markers of similar
construction but with the symbol "X"
shall be provided and installed at
every cable joint in a similar manner.

Phasing and insulation resistance


tests shall be taken before jointing is
commenced.

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 167

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

7.2.10

Standard Specification For Road Works

Cable Laying and Installation

(a) Cable Laid Direct In Ground

All cables shall be handled, laid


and installed according to this
Specification, the latest edition of
the IEE Wiring Regulations, the
cable manufacturer's
recommendations and ERA
Reports, using proper installation
equipment, all to the satisfaction
of the S.O.

Before any cable is laid, the


trench shall be thoroughly
inspected and any debris and
other sharp objects shall be
removed. The bottom of the
trench shall be covered with a
layer of clean sand 75 mm thick.
The cables shall then be laid on
this bedding in an orderly manner
without overlapping and crossing
each other. 75 mm of clean sand
shall cover the laid cables and
shall be spread over the trench
before placing the cable
protective covers.

All cables shall be supplied in


complete lengths to suit the
circuits they serve and no straight
through joints shall be used.
Straight through joints in the
cable shall only be permitted in
very exceptional circumstances
such as those arising from
unavoidable limitations in
manufactured length. Where
straight through joints or other
approved joints are permitted by
the S.O., the cost of such joints
shall be borne by the Electrical
Contractor. No joints in the cable
will be allowed unless approved
in writing by the S.O.
The minimum bending radius of
the cables shall be in accordance
with Table 52 C of the latest
edition of the IEE Wiring
Regulations. Wherever cables are
cut, the ends shall be immediately
sealed in an approved manner
unless it is intended to proceed
with cable jointing or termination
immediately.
Unless otherwise permitted by
the S.O., no cable shall be laid
and/or covered up in the absence
of the S.O.

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Cable protective covers shall be


of clay bricks. The bricks shall be
new, well burnt and in complete
pieces. They shall be laid
lengthwise from end to end along
the entire route of the
underground cable if the cable
size is not more than 120 sq.mm.
For cable sizes in excess of 120
sq.mm, more than one row of
bricks shall be laid. Each cable
shall be seperately protected by
these bricks and the cover shall
have at least 25 mm overhang on
each side of the cable.
The trench shall then be
backfilled with earth and shall be
compacted in layers of 150 mm
using a mechanical rammer. An
orange coloured multi-strand
nylon rope of minimum 6 mm
diameter shall be laid at a depth
of 300 mm along the trench to
identify the cable route. At every
10 m interval, an extra 2 m of
nylon rope shall be coiled and
laid. The finished surface shall be
left proud by 50 mm to allow for
subsidence and the Electrical

Page 168

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Contractor shall be responsible


for the removal of any surplus
material to a position indicated by
the S.O.
The surface of the refilled trench
shall be temporarily reinstated
and maintained in a thoroughly
safe condition until complete
consolidation of the soil has been
achieved. As soon as the soil has
consolidated, the trench shall be
made good to its original
condition, all to the satisfaction of
the S.O.
(b) Cable Installed In Precast
Concrete Trenches
Methods of installation of cables
in precast concrete trenches shall
be in accordance with Type L,
Type M, or Type N of Table 9A
of the latest edition of the IEE
Wiring Regulations. However, if
the method is not specified, the
cables shall be installed as
directed by the S.O.
Cables laid in the bottoms of
trenches shall be in accordance
with Method Type L of Table 9A
of the latest edition of the IEE
Wiring Regulations.
Cables installed on trench walls
shall be in accordance with
Method Type M or Type N of the
latest edition of the IEE Wiring
Regulations and shall be secured
on a cable tray by means of
saddles at suitable intervals. In
the case of single core cables,
whether secured individually or
in a group to the cable tray, nonferrous saddles shall be used.
Cable trays shall be fabricated
from perforated hot-dipped
galvanised sheets finished in an
orange enamel.
Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Standard Specification For Road Works


The minimum thickness of the
sheet steel used shall be 1.5 mm
for cable trays with widths of up
to 300 mm, and 2.0 mm for
widths exceeding 300 mm. Cable
trays shall be supported at least
25 mm from the trench wall by
mild steel brackets at 600 mm
intervals. Brackets shall be
anti-rust treated and painted with
one coat of primer. Samples of
cable trays and brackets shall be
submitted to the S.O. for
approval prior to installation.
To provide electrical continuity,
all cable joints shall be bridged
by means of tinned copper tape
of dimensions not less than 25
mm x 3 mm. All saddles for
cables on cable trays shall be
installed by bolts, washers and
nuts. All tees, intersection units,
adaptor units, etc., shall be
factory manufactured unless
otherwise approved by the S.O.
Trenches inside buildings shall be
filled with clean sand up to a
level above the cable ducts.
(c) Cable Run On Walls and
Under Floor Slabs
Cable run on walls and under
floor slabs shall be mounted on
perforated hot-dipped galvanised
sheet steel cable trays. The
construction and finish of the
cable trays and the method of
installation of cables on cable
trays shall be as described in SubSection 7.2.10 (b) above.
Cable trays shall be suspended
from floor slabs by hangers or
mounted on walls by brackets at
600 mm intervals. The materials
and finishes used for the hangers,
brackets and other suspending
and supporting structures shall be
Page 169

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

the same as those described for


brackets in Sub-Section 7.2.10
(b) above.
Where cable trays pass through
floors or fire resistant walls, the
surrounding holes shall be sealed
to the full thickness of the floor
or wall with non- hygroscopic
fire-resisting material of
minimum 2-hour fire rating as
approved by the Jabatan Bomba
Malaysia.

7.3

7.3.1

STREET LIGHTING
LUMINAIRES

Light Distribution Requirements


Unless otherwise specified, the
performance and light distribution of
street lighting luminaires shall be of
the Low Threshold Increment (LTI)
type.
The direction of maximum intensity
of flux shall lie between 0 and 65
of the downward vertical and the
maximum permissible value of the
intensity emitted at 90 and 80 shall
not exceed 10 cd/1000 lumens and
30 cd/1000 lumens respectively.
Each luminaire shall normally direct
two beams along the length of the
road. The polar light distribution
curves for the luminaire shall
generally be smooth and free from
any abrupt variations so that the
luminous intensity diminishes
smoothly and progressively from its
maximum.

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Standard Specification For Road Works


7.3.2

Constructional Requirements

7.3.2.1 Luminaires
All luminaires shall be new,
totally enclosed, dust proof,insect
proof and watertight and shall be
tested in accordance with B.S.
4533. All exposed parts shall be
of non-corrosive materials. The
luminaires shall provide the
requisite light distribution with
the size and type of lamp
specified. Each luminaire shall
consist of a lamp compartment
made up of an upper canopy or
housing and a lower bowl
assembly, a lampholder, cable
clamps, mains connectors and
earth terminations, as well as all
necessary control gear. The
control gear shall be pre-wired
and integral with the luminaire.
The luminaire wiring shall be of
a size and insulated with a
material that will more than
effectively withstand the current,
voltage and temperatures
expected within the luminaire
during both the starting and
operating modes in the ambient
temperature of the Site.
The lamp compartment of the
luminaire shall be accessible via a
hinged bowl made of ultraviolet
stabilised plastic material such as
acrylic which shall, in the closed
position, bed firmly upon a soft
resilient neoprene or non-ageing
felt gasket. The gasket shall be
positively secured in the
luminaire housing and shall be
weather-resistant. The bowl shall
be secured firmly to the luminaire
body by means of stainless steel
clips and hinged pins.In the
lowered position of the bowl, it
shall be restrained from
becoming detached or being
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FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

blown towards the other portion


of the luminaire or the column
arm. If independent reflectors are
incorporated in the luminaire,
such reflectors shall be of high
purity aluminium mirrors,
chemically anodised to yield
optimum reflection of light
distribution. Full details of the
luminaire and accessories shall be
furnished as required in the
Appendices to this Specification.

Standard Specification For Road Works


The lamps supplied shall have a
mortality rate not greater than
10% at 5,000 switched operating
hours and shall not take longer
than 4 minutes after the initial
"switch on" to attain 80% of their
guaranteed output at the rated
voltage of 200/250 V and
frequency 50 Hz. The reignition
period after an interruption of the
supply shall not be longer than 1
minute to attain 80% of the
lumens output.

7.3.2.2 Lamps
(a) High Pressure Sodium Vapour
(HPSV) Lamps
High presssure sodium vapour
(HPSV) lamps shall conform to
IEC Publication 662 and shall
have a colour temperature of
approximately 21,000 K. The
majority of the light output shall
fall within the 560-610
nanometre waveband, i.e. in the
yellow/orange, range.
The lamps shall have an initial
luminous efficiency of
approximately 115 lumens per
watt for a 400 watt lamp and 100
lumens per watt for a 250 watt
lamp. The lumens output after
100 operating hours shall be
45,000 lumens for a 400 watt
lamp and 25,000 lumens for a
250 watt lamp.
The lamps shall be of tubular or
of any other approved shape and
shall have plated brass caps
securely fitted to the glass
envelopes. The cap shall be of
GESE40 material to fit the
luminaire supplied.

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

(b) Low Pressure Sodium Vapour


(LPSV) Lamps
Low pressure sodium vapour
(LPSV) lamps shall conform
to the requirements as laid
down in B.S. 3767. The
majority of the lumens output
shall be within the 580-590
nanometre waveband range.
The lamps shall have an
initial luminous efficacy of
approximately 160 lumens per
watt for a 135 watt lamp. The
lumens output after 100
operating hours shall be not
less than 50 lumens per watt.
The lamps shall be of tubular
shape with a bayonet cap
(B.C.), shall take no longer
than 11 minutes after initial
"switch on" to attain 90% of
of their quoted lumens output.
All LPSV lamps shall be
guaranteed for a minimum
operating life of 4,000
operating hours. All lamps
shall be suitable for use, in
conjunction with their control
gears, on 220/240 V supply
and shall be capable of being
started and operated at 10%
reduction in rated voltage.
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FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

7.3.2.3 Ballast
The ballast shall be manufactured
to B.S. 4782. It shall be correctly
rated for its duty and shall be
designed to operate on a dual
mains voltage of 220/240 V by
means of suitable tappings. The
tappings shall be brought out to
marked terminals. The ballast
shall have laminated cores and
high conductivity windings with
power loss and noise kept to a
minimum.

Standard Specification For Road Works


7.4

FEEDER-PILLARS

7.4.1

General
Feeder-pillars shall be supplied
completely assembled with control
gear and all internal electrical and
mechanical inter-connections and
structural parts for voltages up to and
including 1,000 volts A.C. They
shall comply with and be tested to
the requirements of B.S. 5486.

7.4.2

Fabrication of Feeder-Pillars

7.3.2.4 Capacitors
Capacitors shall be manufactured
to B.S. 4017 and housed in
extruded aluminium canisters
with shrouded screw terminals.
They shall not be fused but shall
have an an external safety dis
charge resistor. The capacitor
shall be capable of raising the
power factor of each circuit to at
least 0.85 lagging.
7.3.2.5 Ignitors
Ignitors for the discharge lamps
shall be of the electronic /
superimposed pulse type rated for
the appropriate wattage. The unit
shall be capable of operating on a
voltage ranging from 200 to 250
volts. The unit shall be totally
enclosed with an external
terminal block for the supply
connection and a length of high
tension cable shall be included
for the lamp connection. It shall
be compatible with the normal
control gear.
The case of the unit shall carry a
label showing the connections
and listing the appropriate
voltage.

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

The Electrical Contractor shall


submit a design drawing of the
shape, size, electrical and mechanical
connections, materials, etc., of the
feeder-pillar for the approval of the
S.O. prior to manufacture. The
plinth, foundation work, etc., shall be
included in the design drawing.
The feeder-pillar housing shall
consist of a drip canopy, rigidly
welded channeled steel framework
manufactured from 2.64 mm (12
s.w.g.) sheet steel. It shall be hot-dip
galvanised and the process of
galvanising, treatment before
galvanising and treatment after
galvanising shall be as described in
Sub-Section 7.5.10 of this
Specification. On the front and rear
sides of the feeder-pillar, the
following sign shall be stencilled in
red paint using a lettering height of
90 mm :BAHAYA
415 V
LAMPU JALAN
The door of the feeder-pillar shall be
rigidly reinforced and hinged internally
to prevent unauthorised access. The
feeder-pillar shall be lockable with either
wedge-type locks protected by screw
Page 172

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

plugs or some other secret locks


approved by the S.O. The feederpillar shall be self-ventilated and
weather proof and such ventilation
openings shall be protected by wire
mesh to prevent the entry of vermin,
rodents and birds.

Standard Specification For Road Works


copper tape, precast concrete earth
chambers with covers, etc.
7.4.6

Time switches supplied for the


control of luminaires, etc., shall be of
the synchronous/step-by-step motorwound handset dial plug-in type.
They shall incorporate a 24-hour
spring reserve or a battery back-up
system. Time switches shall be rated
as specified in the Drawings and
shall be operational on a 220/240 V,
50 Hz supply.

A baseboard made of tufnol or


other approved treated hardwood
of at least 16 mm thickness shall
be included to mount equipment
such as time switches, contactors,
etc.
7.4.3

Factory Inspection
7.4.7
The Electrical Contractor shall make
arrangements to witness the
electrical tests and for joint
inspection to be carried out at the
factory prior to transportation to the
Site.

7.4.4

Earthing
The earthing system for the feederpillar shall comply with the Rules
and Regulations of the Supply
Authority, The British Code of
Practice C.P. 1013, the relevant
sections of the latest edition of the
IEE Wiring Regulations and the
Contract Drawings.
Each feeder-pillar shall be effectively
earthed using 4.8 mm x 16 mm
diameter steel core copper-jacketted
earth electrodes, 25 mm x 3 mm

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Contactors
Contactors shall comply with B.S.
5424 with uninterrupted ratings,
mechanical duty Class 2 and a
utilisation category of at least AC3.
The contactor coils shall be fully
tropicalised and wound for
continuous operation for a 220/240
V, 50 Hz supply. The contacts of the
contactor shall be rated for the
breaking capacity of the connected
load.

Foundation
The Site of the foundation of the
feeder-pillar shall be filled where
required, compacted and levelled
before the reinforced concrete base
of minimum 250 mm height above
the finished earth level is
constructed. Cable entry ducts shall
also be provided.

7.4.5

Time Switches

7.4.8

By-Pass Switches and Selector


Switches
Single or three-phase by-pass
switches as applicable shall be
connected in parallel with the
contactors for use in the event of the
failure of the contactors. These shall
be manufactured to B.S. 5419 and
shall be capable of breaking the load
connected to the contactors without
undue ageing or damage.
A four-position selector switch shall
be provided to select the mode of
operation and shall be appropriately
labelled.

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FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

7.5

Standard Specification For Road Works

COLUMNS AND BRACKETS

7.5.1

minimum overlapping position of 1.5


times the external across-faced
dimension.

General
7.5.3.1 Doors and Door Openings
All columns and brackets shall be of
tapered, octagonal, hot-dip
galvanised interchangeable sections
complying in all respects with the
Drawings. They shall be
manufactured to comply with B.S.
1840 and B.S. 5649 with Grade 43C
or 50C steel conforming to B.S.
4360. The base-plates and bracket
arms shall be manufactured as
seperate units suitable for mounting
or fixing on to the columns.

7.5.2

Weather proof doors shall be


provided with an anti-vandal
locking device over the door
opening of each column as
shown on the Drawings. The
complete locking device shall be
made from stainless steel. Door
openings shall have internal
reinforcement to compensate for
the loss of stiffness in the
columns caused by forming the
door openings.

Design Loading
7.5.3.2 Service Slots
The columns shall be designed to
withstand loadings comprising :-

For flange mounted types of


columns, cable entries shall be
through the flange plates via a
hole of suitable diameter as
shown on the Drawings. A
suitable duct for cable entry shall
also be provided at the concrete
base.

i) loads due to wind speeds of up to


27 m/sec.;
ii) loads due to the weight of the
columns, lighting luminaires and
bracket arms;

For planted root types of


columns, service slots shall be on
the same side and vertically
below the service doors.

iii) other applied loads if applicable.


7.5.3

Fabrication of Column Sections


Each column section shall be
mechanically formed and
longitudinally welded by the
continuous automatic gas shielded
electric arc process (M.I.G. process)
to B.S. 5135. The sections shall be
constructed so as to overlap each
other by a minimum of 1.5 times the
diameter of the immediate lower
section (external across-faced
dimension) and to be easily
assembled on site by using simple
tools without employing welding
techniques. The manufacturer shall
provide a mark on the finished
column section indicating the

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

7.5.4

Bracket Arms
Bracket arms shall be of suitable
outreach as indicated on the
Drawings and in the B.Q. The
bracket arms shall be octagonal in
shape for up to 2.0 m in length. For
bracket arms longer than 2.0 m in
length, the extra length shall be
formed from Grade 43C tubular steel
conforming to B.S. 4360. The
bracket arms shall be arranged so as
to give a 50 uplift as shown on the
Drawings. A tubular steel spigot of
appropriate dimensions for the
Page 174

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

luminaire shall be welded at the end


of each bracket arm. After welding,
etc., bracket arms shall be treated as
described in Sub-Section 7.5.10
before being hot-dip galvanised.
7.5.5

cables as appropriate. Cut-outs shall


be provided with adequate shrouding
to prevent cross-phasing or
accidental contact with live metal.
The fuse carriers shall be selfaligning and shall accept any of the
standard rated fuses for the purpose.
Each unit shall possess high
mechanical and di-electric strength
and shall be suitable for use in the
tropics. Samples of complete cut-out
units shall be submitted for the
approval of the S.O.

Base-Plates
For flange mounted types of
columns, flange-plates of substantial
thicknesses as shown on the
Drawings shall be welded on to the
columns.
For planted root types of columns,
detachable anti-sink plates shall be
supplied.

7.5.8

Columns shall be provided with a


corrosion resistant terminal having
substantial contact surfaces for the
attachment of an earthing lead. This
terminal shall be provided close to
the door opening inside each
column. Where bolts are used, they
shall be not less than 6 mm in
diameter and shall be provided with
two suitable washers and nuts.

Base-plates, nuts and bolts, etc., shall


be hot-dip galvanised after
manufacture.
7.5.6

Baseboards
A piece of baseboard shall be
included in each base compartment
for cable termination or control gears
assembly. Baseboards shall be made
from fibre board of 10 mm
thickness. Alternative baseboards
made from galvanised perforated
metal may also be used with the
approval of the S.O. Baseboards
shall be made to the dimensions as
indicated on the Drawings and shall
be fixed securely in position inside
the columns.

7.5.7

Street Lighting Cut-Outs


Street lighting cut-outs shall be of a
type manufactured for use in street
lighting installations. They shall
have facilities for double fusing
loop-in loop-out terminals. The cutout bases shall have a supply cable
contact block rating of at least 50 A
and shall be capable of accepting
circular cable cores of up to 25
sq.mm copper 2-core or 4-core

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Earthing Terminals

7.5.9

Cable Entry
Armoured cables brought into the
columns shall be provided with
compression cable gland
terminations.
An appropriate type of earthing
clamp shall be provided to bond the
armouring of the cables which shall
be effectively earthed.

7.5.10 Erection of Columns


Columns shall be installed in
accordance with the manufacturer's
recommendations and as shown on
the Drawings. The Electrical
Contractor shall peg out the positions
of the columns for the approval of
the S.O. before planting the columns.

Page 175

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Columns shall be erected such that


the service doors shall face away
from on-coming traffic except at
parapets of bridges and retaining
walls. At such locations, the
orientation of the service doors shall
be determined by the S.O. After
erecting each column, backfill shall
be compacted by means of suitable
ramming equipment.
7.5.11 Protection Against Corrosion
Individual sections of the columns,
base-plates, doors and bracket arms
shall be protected against corrosion
by hot-dip galvanising the sections
both internally and externally, all in
accordance with B.S. 729. All
welding works shall be completed
before galvanising.

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Standard Specification For Road Works


Treatment prior to galvanising shall
include degreasing, rinsing, pickling,
further rinsing and fluxing.
The minimum average weight of the
zinc coating shall be 460 g/sq.m for
any individual test area.
The galvanised columns and bracket
arms shall be of prime finish and of
good uniformity, i.e. they shall be
free from injurious defects such as
blisters, flux and uncoated spots.
The planted sections of columns and
the base-plates shall be factorycoated with bitumen using the hotdipping process conforming to
AASHTO M 190.

Page 176