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Original Title: The Connoisseur of Number Sequences

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For more than 50 years, the mathematician Neil Sloane has curated the

authoritative collection of interesting and important integer sequences.

By: Erica Klarreich

August 6, 2015

our time.

Thats not because of any particular theorem the 75-year-old Welsh native has proved,

though over the course of a more than 40-year research career at Bell Labs (later AT&T

Labs) he won numerous awards for papers in the fields of combinatorics, coding theory,

optics and statistics. Rather, its because of the creation for which hes most famous:

the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (OEIS), often simply called Sloane by its

users.

This giant repository, which celebrated its 50th anniversary last year, contains more than

a quarter of a million different sequences of numbers that arise in different mathematical

contexts, such as the prime numbers (2, 3, 5, 7, 11 ) or the Fibonacci sequence (0, 1,

1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13 ). Whats the greatest number of cake slices that can be made

with n cuts? Look up sequence A000125 in the OEIS. How many chess positions can be

created in n moves? Thats sequence A048987. The number of ways to arrangen circles

in a plane, with only two crossing at any given point, is A250001. That sequence just

joined the collection a few months ago. So far, only its first four terms are known; if you

can figure out the fifth, Sloane will want to hear from you.

A mathematician whose research generates a sequence of numbers can turn to the OEIS

to discover other contexts in which the sequence arises and any papers that discuss it.

The repository has spawned countless mathematical discoveries and has been cited

more than 4,000 times.

Many mathematical articles explicitly mention how they were inspired by OEIS, but for

each one that does, there are at least ten who do not mention it, not necessarily out of

malice, but because they take it for granted, wrote Doron Zeilberger, a mathematician

at Rutgers University.

Courtesy of Neil Sloane

The number of ways to arrange ncircles in a plane, with only two crossing at any given point, is sequence A250001 in the

OEIS.

The collection, which began in 1964 as a stack of handwritten index cards, gave rise to a

1973 book containing 2,372 sequences, and then a 1995 book, co-authored with

mathematicianSimon Plouffe, containing just over 5,000 sequences. By the following

year, so many people had submitted sequences to Sloane that the collection nearly

doubled in size, so he moved it onto the Internet. Since then, Sloane has personally

created entries for more than 170,000 sequences. Recently, however, hes had help

processing the torrent of submissions he receives each year from all over the world:

Since 2009 the collection has been run as a wiki, and it now boasts more than 100

volunteer editors.

But the OEIS is still very much Sloanes baby. He spends hours each day vetting new

submissions and adding sequences from archived papers and correspondence.

Quanta caught up with Sloane over Skype last month as he sorted through sequences in

his attic home office in Highland Park, N.J. Formerly a childrens playroom, its garish

wallpaper is tempered by giant stacks of papers, and, as Sloane put it, enough

computers so I dont need a heater. An edited and condensed version of the interview

follows.

QUANTA MAGAZINE: Tell me how you started the OEIS. Some sequences came

up in your research as a graduate student, right?

NEIL SLOANE: It was my thesis. I was looking into what are now called neural networks.

These are networks of [artificial] neurons, and each neuron fires or doesnt fire and is

connected to other neurons which fire or dont fire depending on the signal. I wanted to

know whether the activity in some of these networks was likely to die out or keep firing.

Some of the simplest cases gave rise to sequences. I took the simplest one and, with

some difficulty, worked out half a dozen terms. [It] goes 1, 8, 78, 944. I needed to

know how fast it grew, and I looked it up in the obvious places, and it wasnt there.

I started making a collection of sequences, so the next time this came up, Id have my

own table to look up. I made a little collection of file cards, and then they became

punched cards and then magnetic tape and eventually the book in 1973.

And when did you start sharing your collection with other people?

Oh, right away. I mean, within a year or two. The word got around, and you know, letters

started coming in. And as soon as the book came out, there was a flood of letters. Im

still going through the binders from that period. The project [now] is to sort through all

the interesting documents from the past, which now goes back 51 years. A lot of them

are in binders. A lot of them are not, unfortunately. Over there, theres about an eight- or

nine-feet stack of papers that havent been sorted.

Its very slow work. I have to go through these 50 binders and figure out whats worth

scanning, whats worth preserving, what is available online so we dont need to scan it.

But Im also finding lots of new sequences as I go along, that for one reason or another I

didnt include the first time around.

Besides the books about sequences, youve also co-authored two guidebooks

to rock climbing in New Jersey.

I did it with my climbing partner, Paul Nick. We spent a lot of time driving around New

Jersey climbing on crags and taking photographs and collecting route information. There

were a lot of restrictions. A lot of cliffs were on private property, so we couldnt officially

include them in the book.

Do you have any favorite mathematical discoveries that came about because

of the OEIS?

One of the most famous discoveries has to do with a formula discovered by Gregory, an

astronomer back in Newtons day, for /4. The formula says that /4 = 1 1/3 + 1/5 1/7

+ 1/9 and so on. Its a good way of computing if you dont have any better way. So

somebody did this, but wondered what would happen if you stopped after a while. So he

truncated the sum after 500,000 terms and looked at the number, and he worked it out

to many decimal places. He noticed, of course, that it was different from .

Sloane is discovering new integer sequences in unsorted stacks of documents collected over 51 years.

He looked at where it differed, and it differed after five decimal places. But then it agreed

for the next ten places, and then it disagreed for two decimal places. Then it agreed for

the next ten places, and then it disagreed. This was absolutely amazing, that it would

agree everywhere except at certain places.

Then I think it was Jonathan Borwein who looked at the differences [between and the

truncated sum]. When you subtract you get a sequence of numbers, and he looked it up

in the OEIS, and it wasnt there. But then he divided by 2 and looked it up, and there

they were. It was sequence A000364. It was the Euler numbers.

He and his two collaborators studied this, and they ended up with a formula for the error

term. If you truncate Gregorys series after not just 500,000 terms, but after n terms,

wheren can be anything you want, you can give an exact formula for the error.

It was absolutely miraculous that this was discovered. So, its a theorem that came into

existence because of the OEIS.

Tell me about some sequences you like. What makes a sequence appealing to

you?

Its a bit like saying, What makes a painting appealing? or What makes a piece of

music appealing? In the end, its just a matter of judgment, based on experience. If

there is some rule for generating the sequence which is a bit surprising, and the

sequence turns out to be not so easy to understand, that makes it interesting.

Theres a sequence of Leroy Quets which produces primes. It chugs along, but its like

Schrdingers cat; we dont know if it exists [as an infinitely long sequence] or not. I think

weve computed 600 million terms, and so far it hasnt died. It would be nicer or

maybe it would be less nice if we could actually analyze it.

How often do you get a new sequence that makes you say, I cant believe no

one has ever thought of this before?

This happens all the time. There are many gaps, even now. I fill in these gaps myself

quite often when I come across something in one of these old letters. Were a finite

community. Its easy to overlook even an obvious sequence.

To what extent is there a clear aesthetic about which sequences deserve to be

in the OEIS?

We have arguments about this, of course, because somebody will send in a sequence

that he or she thinks is wonderful, and we the editors, look at it and say, Well, thats

really not very interesting. Thats boring. Then the person who submitted it may get

really annoyed and say, No, no, youre wrong. I spent a lot of time on this sequence.

Its a matter of judgment, and in the end I have the final say. Of course, Im very

influenced by the other editors-in-chief.

One of our phrases is, This is too specialized. This is too arbitrary. This is not of general

interest. For instance, primes beginning with 1998 would not be so interesting. Too

specialized, too arbitrary, so that would be rejected.

It might not be rejected if it had been published somewhere if it was on a test, say. We

like to include sequences that appear on IQ tests. Its always been one of my goals to

help people do these silly tests.

One of the features on the OEIS is the option to listen to a sequence musically.

What do you think that adds?

Well, its another dimension of looking at the sequence. Some sequences, you get a good

feeling for them by listening to them. Some of the sequences almost sound like music.

Others just sound like rubbish.

Youve said that you think Bach would have loved the OEIS.

I think music is very mathematical, obviously, and so he would have appreciated the

OEIS. He would have understood it. He probably would have joined in, contributed some

sequences. Maybe he would have composed some pieces that we could use.

Do you have a sense of the magnitude of the OEIS impact?

Not really. I know its helped a lot of people, and its very famous. We have sequence

fans from all over the world. Youll see many references from unexpected places to the

OEIS: journals, books, theses from civil engineering or social studies that mention

sequences. They come up all over the place.

Are there other repositories of mathematical information that you wish

existed, but dont yet?

You would like an index to theorems, but its hard to imagine how that would work.

Were trying to get a collaboration going with the Zentralblatt the German equivalent

of Math Reviews MathSciNet about making it possible to search for formulas in the

OEIS. Suppose you want the summation of xn over n2 + 3, where the sum goes from one

to infinity. Its very hard to look that up in the OEIS at present.

Youre retired from AT&T Labs, but looking at your list of recent publications

and your activity with the OEIS, you seem anything but retired.

I have an office at Rutgers, and I give lectures there, and I have students, and Im even

busier back here in my study running the OEIS and doing research and going around the

world giving talks and so on. Im busier than ever.

There are more than 4,000 people registered on the OEIS website. They range

from professional mathematicians to recreational mathematicians, right?

A child just registered the other day, and said, Im ten years old, and Im very smart.

So its a wide-ranging group of people all over the world, from many different

occupations. One of the things people like about the OEIS is this opportunity to

collaborate, to exchange emails with professionals. Its one of the few opportunities that

most people have to talk to a real mathematician.

Do you feel that there is a divide between serious mathematics and

recreational mathematics? Or do you tend not to think in those terms?

I dont think in those terms. I dont think theres much difference. If you look hard

enough, you can find interesting mathematics anywhere.

A000125

1, 2,

1351,

6580,

15226

Cake numbers: maximal number of pieces resulting from n planar cuts through a cube (or cake):

C(n+1,3)+n+1.

(Formerly M1100 N0419)

4, 8, 15, 26, 42, 64, 93, 130, 176, 232, 299, 378, 470, 576, 697, 834, 988, 1160,

1562, 1794, 2048, 2325, 2626, 2952, 3304, 3683, 4090, 4526, 4992, 5489, 6018,

7176, 7807, 8474, 9178, 9920, 10701, 11522, 12384, 13288, 14235,

(list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)

OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Note that a(n) = a(n-1) + A000124(n-1). This has the following geometrical

interpretation: Define a number of planes in space to be in general

arrangement when

(1) no two planes are parallel,

(2) there are no two parallel intersection lines,

(3) there is no point common to four or more planes.

Suppose there are already n-1 planes in general arrangement, thus defining

the maximal number of regions in space obtainable by n-1 planes and now

one more plane is added in general arrangement. Then it will cut each of

the n-1 planes and acquire intersection lines which are in general

arrangement. (See the comments on A000124 for general arrangement with

62

REFERENCES

LINKS

lines.) These lines on the new plane define the maximal number of

regions in 2-space definable by n-1 straight lines, hence this

is A000124(n-1). Each of this regions acts as a dividing wall, thereby

creating as many new regions in addition to the a(n-1) regions already

there, hence a(n)=a(n-1)+A000124(n-1). - Peter C. Heinig

(algorithms(AT)gmx.de), Oct 19 2006

More generally, we have: A000027(n) = binomial(n,0) + binomial(n,1) (the

natural numbers), A000124(n) = binomial(n,0) + binomial(n,1) +

binomial(n,2) (the Lazy Caterer's sequence), a(n) = binomial(n,0) +

binomial(n,1) + binomial(n,2) + binomial(n,3) (Cake Numbers). - Peter C.

Heinig (algorithms(AT)gmx.de), Oct 19 2006

If Y is a 2-subset of an n-set X then, for n>=3, a(n-3) is the number of

3-subsets of X which have no exactly one element in common with Y.

- Milan Janjic, Dec 28 2007

a(n) is the number of compositions (ordered partitions) of n+1 into four

or fewer parts or equivalently the sum of the first four terms in the nth row of Pascal's triangle. - Geoffrey Critzer, Jan 23 2009

{a(k): 0 <= k < 4} = divisors of 8. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Jun 17 2009

a(n) is also the maximum number of different values obtained by summing n

consecutive positive integers with all possible 2^n sign combinations.

This maximum is first reached when summing the interval [n, 2n-1].

- Olivier Grard, Mar 22 2010

a(n) contains only 5 perfect squares > 1: 4, 64, 576, 676000, and

75203584. The incidences of > 0 are given by A047694. - Frank M Jackson,

Mar 15 2013

Given n tiles with two values - an A value and a B value - a player may

pick either the A value or the B value. The particular tiles are [n, 0],

[n-1, 1], ..., [2, n-2] and [1, n-1]. The sequence is the number of

different final A:B counts. For example, with n=4, we can have final

total [5, 3] = [4, _] + [_, 1] + [_, 2] + [1, _] = [_, 0] + [3, _] + [2,

_] + [_, 3], so a(4) = 2^4 - 1 = 15. The largest and smallest final A+B

counts are given by A077043 and A002620 respectively. -Jon Perry, Oct 24

2014

V. I. Arnold (ed.), Arnold's Problems, Springer, 2004, comments on Problem

1990-11 (p. 75), pp. 503-510. Numbers N_3.

R. B. Banks, Slicing Pizzas, Racing Turtles and Further Adventures in

Applied Mathematics, Princeton Univ. Press, 1999. See p. 27.

L. Comtet, Advanced Combinatorics, Reidel, 1974, p. 72, Problem 2.

H. E. Dudeney, Amusements in Mathematics, Nelson, London, 1917, page 177.

N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973

(includes this sequence).

N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences,

Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).

T. H. Stickels, Mindstretching Puzzles. Sterling, NY, 1994 p. 85.

W. A. Whitworth, DCC Exercises in Choice and Chance, Stechert, NY, 1945,

p. 30.

A. M. Yaglom and I. M. Yaglom: Challenging Mathematical Problems with

Elementary Solutions. Vol. I. Combinatorial Analysis and Probability

Theory. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1987, p. 13, #45 (First

published: San Francisco: Holden-Day, Inc., 1964)

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n=0..1000

A. M. Baxter, L. K. Pudwell, Ascent sequences avoiding pairs of patterns,

2014.

D. A. Lind, On a class of nonlinear binomial sums, Fib. Quart., 3 (1965),

292-298.

Svante Linusson, The number of M-sequences and f-vectors, Combinatorica,

vol 19 no 2 (1999) 255-266.

Alexsandar Petojevic, The Function vM_m(s; a; z) and Some Well-Known

Sequences, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 5 (2002), Article 02.1.7

Simon Plouffe, Approximations de sries gnratrices et quelques

conjectures, Dissertation, Universit du Qubec Montral, 1992.

Simon Plouffe, 1031 Generating Functions and Conjectures, Universit du

FORMULA

EXAMPLE

D. J. Price, Some unusual series occurring in n-dimensional geometry,

Math. Gaz., 30 (1946), 149-150.

L. Pudwell, A. Baxter, Ascent sequences avoiding pairs of patterns, 2014.

Luis Manuel Rivera, Integer sequences and k-commuting permutations, arXiv

preprint arXiv:1406.3081, 2014

H. P. Robinson, Letter to N. J. A. Sloane, Aug 16 1971, with attachments

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Cake Number

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Cube Division by Planes

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Cylinder Cutting

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Space Division by Planes

R. Zumkeller, Enumerations of Divisors [From Reinhard Zumkeller, Jun 17

2009]

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature

(4,-6,4,-1).

a(n) = (n+1)*(n^2-n+6)/6 = (n^3 + 5*n + 6) / 6.

G.f.: (1-2*x+2x^2)/(1-x)^4; - [Simon Plouffe in his 1992 dissertation.]

E.g.f.: (1+x+x^2/2+x^3/6)*exp(x).

a(n) = binomial(n,3)+binomial(n,2)+binomial(n,1)+binomial(n,0). [Peter C.

Heinig (algorithms(AT)gmx.de), Oct 19 2006]

Paraphrasing the previous comment: the sequence is the binomial transform

of [1,1,1,1,0,0,0,...]. - Gary W. Adamson, Oct 23 2007

a(4)=15 because there are 15 compositions of 5 into four or fewer parts.

a(6)=42 because the sum of the first four terms in the 6th row of

Pascal's triangle is 1+6+15+20=42. - Geoffrey Critzer, Jan 23 2009

For n=5, (1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 35) and their

opposite are the 26 different sums obtained by summing 5,6,7,8,9 with

any sign combination. -Olivier Grard, Mar 22 2010

MAPLE

A000125 := n->(n+1)*(n^2-n+6)/6;

MATHEMATICA

{1, 2, 4, 8}, 50] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jan 19 2013 *)

(PARI) a(n)=(n^2+5)*n/6+1 \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Jun 15 2011

(MAGMA) [(n^3+5*n+6)/6: n in [0..50]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Nov 08 2014

Cf. A000124, A003600.

Bisections give A100503, A100504.

Row sums of A077028.

A005408, A000124, A016813, A086514, A058331, A002522, A161701 - A161705, A

000127,A161706 - A161708, A080856, A161710 - A161713, A161715, A006261.

- Reinhard Zumkeller, Jun 17 2009

Cf. A063865. - Olivier Grard, Mar 22 2010

Cf. A051601. - Bruno Berselli, Aug 02 2013

Cf. A077043, A002620.

Sequence in context: A159243 A089140 A204555 * A129961 A133551 A114226

Adjacent sequences: A000122 A000123 A000124 * A000126 A000127 A000128

PROG

CROSSREFS

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,nice

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane

EXTENSIONS

STATUS

approved

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article provides a list of integer sequences in the On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences that have their

ownWikipedia entries.

OEI

S

link

Name

First elements

Short description

A0000

10

Euler's totient

function (n)

1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 2, 6, 4, 6, 4

A0000

27

Natural number

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

A0000

32

Lucas number

76

A0000

40

Prime number

23, 29

A0000

45

Fibonacci number

0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34

A0000

58

Sylvester's

sequence

10650056950807,

1134237130554218443610

00443

A0000

73

Tribonacci

number

81

=1

A0001

08

Catalan number

1430, 4862

for n 0.

A0001

10

Bell number

4140, 21147

OEI

S

link

Name

First elements

Short description

1385, 7936

A0001

24

Lazy caterer's

sequence

37, 46

with ncuts

A0001

29

Pell number

408, 985

A0001

42

Factorial

5040, 40320, 362880

n! = 1234...n

A0002

17

Triangular number

36, 45

A0002

92

Tetrahedral

number

120, 165

A0003

30

Square pyramidal

number

204, 285

Perfect number

33550336, 8589869056,

137438691328,

2305843008139952128

A0006

68

Mersenne prime

131071, 524287,

2147483647,

2305843009213693951,

6189700196426901374495

62111

2p 1 if p is a prime

A0075

88

Stella octangula

number

679, 1016, 1449, 1990,

2651, 3444, 4381, ...

A0007

93

Landau's function

1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 6, 12, 15, 20

A0007

96

Decimal

expansion of Pi

3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5, 3

A0009

31

Padovan sequence

1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9

A0009

EuclidMullin

A0003

96

(n(n+1)(2n+1)) / 6

The number of stacked spheres in a pyramid with a square base

OEI

S

link

Name

First elements

Short description

45

sequence

6221671,

38709183810571, 139

A0009

59

Lucky number

31, 33

A0010

06

Motzkin number

323, 835

chords joining n (labeled) points on a circle

A0010

45

Jacobsthal number

171, 341

A0010

65

sequence

ofAliquot

sumss(n)

0, 1, 1, 3, 1, 6, 1, 7, 4, 8

Decimal

A00111 expansion of e

3

(mathematical

constant)

2, 7, 1, 8, 2, 8, 1, 8, 2, 8

A0011

90

Wedderburn

Etherington

number

0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 6, 11, 23, 46

or 2) with n endpoints (and 2n 1 nodes in all)

A0013

58

Semiprime

25, 26

A0014

62

Golomb sequence

1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 5, 5

A0016

08

Perrin number

3, 0, 2, 3, 2, 5, 5, 7, 10, 12

A0016

20

EulerMascheroni

constant

5, 7, 7, 2, 1, 5, 6, 6, 4, 9

A0016

22

Decimal

expansion of

the golden ratio

1, 6, 1, 8, 0, 3, 3, 9, 8, 8

A0020

64

Cullen number

897, 2049, 4609, 10241,

22529, 49153, 106497

n 2n + 1

A0021

10

Primorial

30030, 510510, 9699690,

223092870

A0021

13

Palindromic

number

0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

A number that remains the same when its digits are reversed

A0021

82

Highly composite

number

60, 120

integer

A0021

93

Decimal

expansion

ofsquare root of 2

1, 4, 1, 4, 2, 1, 3, 5, 6, 2

A0022

01

Superior highly

composite number

2520, 5040, 55440, 720720

that d(n)/ne d(k)/ke for all k>1

OEI

S

link

Name

First elements

Short description

A0023

78

Pronic number

72, 90

n(n+1)

A0028

08

Composite

number

16, 18

A0028

58

Ulam number

18

a(1) = 1; a(2) = 2; for n>2, a(n) = least number > a(n-1) which

is a unique sum of two distinct earlier terms; semiperfect

A0029

97

Carmichael

number

2821, 6601, 8911, 10585,

15841, 29341

to n

A0032

61

Woodall number

2047, 4607

n 2n - 1

A0034

59

Permutable prime

37, 71

A0050

44

Alcuin's sequence

0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 2,

4, 3, 5, 4, 7, 5, 8, 7, 10, 8,

12, 10, 14

A0051

00

Deficient number

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

A0051

01

Abundant number

42, 48, 54

A0051

50

Look-and-say

sequence

312211, 13112221,

1113213211,

31131211131221,

13211311123113112211,

A0052

24

Aronson's

sequence

39, 45

"t" is the first, fourth, eleventh, ... letter in this sentence, not

counting spaces or commas

A0052

35

Fortunate number

37, 61

number, where the primorial pn# is the product of the first n

prime numbers

A0053

49

Harshad

numbers in base

10

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

12

the sum of its digits (when written in base 10)

A0053

84

Sophie Germain

prime

83, 89

A0058

35

Semiperfect

number

36, 40, 42

proper divisors

A0060

37

Weird number

7912, 9272, 10430, 10570,

10792

A0068

42

Farey

sequencenumerato

rs

0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 2, 1

A0068

43

Farey

sequencedenomin

1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 3, 2, 3, 1

OEI

S

link

Name

First elements

Short description

ators

A0068

62

Euclid number

30031, 510511, 9699691,

223092871

A0068

86

Kaprekar number

999, 2223, 2728

A0073

04

Sphenic number

105, 110, 114, 130

A0073

18

Pascal's triangle

1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 3, 3, 1

A0077

70

Happy number

32, 44

of digits map includes 1

A0100

60

ProuhetThue

Morse constant

0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0

A0140

80

Factorion

1, 2, 145, 40585

decimal digits

A0145

77

Regular

paperfolding

sequence

1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1

between the terms of the previous sequence

A0161

14

Circular prime

79, 113

A0182

26

Magic number

(physics)

they are arranged into complete shells within the atomic

nucleus.

A0192

79

Superperfect

number

262144, 1073741824,

1152921504606846976,

3094850098213450687247

81056

A0276

41

Bernoulli number

5, 0, -691, 0, 7, 0, -3617, 0,

43867, 0

A0312

14

First elements in

1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,

all OEISsequences 1, 1, 1, 1,

A0333

07

Decimal

expansion

ofChampernowne

constant

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 1

A0355

13

Wythoff array

1, 2, 4, 3, 7, 6, 5, 11, 10, 9

A0362

62

Gilbreath's

conjecture

2, 1, 3, 1, 2, 5, 1, 0, 2, 7

A0372

74

Home prime

1, 2, 3, 211, 5, 23, 7,

3331113965338635107,

For n 2, a(n) = the prime that is finally reached when you start

withn, concatenate its prime factors (A037276) and repeat until

OEI

S

link

Name

First elements

Short description

311, 773

Undulating

number

161, 171, 181, 191, 202

A0502

78

Pandigital number

1023456789, 1023456798,

1023456879, 1023456897,

1023456978, 1023456987,

1023457689, 1023457698,

1023457869, 1023457896

Numbers containing the digits 0-9 such that each digit appears

exactly once

A0524

86

Achilles number

432, 500, 648, 675, 800

A0600

06

Decimal

expansion

ofPisot

Vijayaraghavan

number

1, 3, 2, 4, 7, 1, 7, 9, 5, 7

A0763

36

Sierpinski number

322523, 327739, 482719,

575041, 603713, 903983,

934909

composite numbers

consists only of

A0763

37

Riesel number

790841, 992077

composite numbers

consists only of

A0867

47

BaumSweet

sequence

1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1

consecutive zeros of odd length; otherwise a(n) = 0

A0946

83

Juggler sequence

0, 1, 1, 5, 2, 11, 2, 18, 2, 27

A0979

42

Highly totient

number

144, 240

(x) =k than any preceding k

A1002

64

Decimal

expansion

ofChaitin's

constant

0, 0, 7, 8, 7, 4, 9, 9, 6, 9

A1042

72

Ramanujan prime

A1220

45

Euler number

1, 0, 1, 0, 5, 0, 61, 0,

1385, 0

A0460

75

which

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