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VS.

CHILLER SYSTEM

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

1. Design Comparison
Design
Design

Operation

Installation

System concept
Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability

VRF is very simplified refrigerant piping system. More flexible than water piping.
Feature
System
composition

Chiller system
Cooling tower
Chiller
Water piping, Duct working
FCU (Fan Coil Unit)
AHU (Air Handling Unit) Water pumps

MULTI V III (VRF)


Outdoor unit (air-cooled type)
Indoor unit
Refrigerant piping

Chiller

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

1. Design Comparison
Design
Design

Operation

Installation

Network design
Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability

Easy network wiring


Feature

Chiller system

MULTI V III (VRF)

Network

Complicated wiring

Simple wiring

ACP

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

1. Design Comparison
Design
Design

Operation

Total management

Installation

Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability

(For VRF) Manufacturer provide all equipment


Feature

Chiller system

Control
system

Complicated control structure, additional


control manager in the system needed,
increasing cost
Third part control provider needed,
interconnectivity problems.

MULTI V III (VRF)


Simple control structure
No additional control provider
Central control and energy monitoring with
low cost available

VAV boxes
supplier
[Manufacturer]
MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

2. Operation Comparison
Design

Operation
Operation

Installation

Individual operation
Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability

After office hours operation, VRF could be operated for the user demands.
Feature
Capacity
control

Chiller system

MULTI V III (VRF)

The systems commonly condition the entire building


at predetermined times, with no regard to user demands.
(very hot midnight, weekend, holiday etc)

The systems condition only the


necessary rooms with regard
to user demands.

Operating Area

< Limited operation>


MULTI V III vs CHILLER

<Better Capacity operation>

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

2. Operation Comparison
Design

Operation
Operation

Temp. control

Installation

Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability

Precise temperature control


Feature

Chiller system

MULTI V III (VRF)

Temperature
control

Require
1 or 2

Very precise
0.5

Cooling

MULTI V system
Chiller system

Room temp.

30
0.5 0 C from set point
25
20
15

10
MULTI V III vs CHILLER

20

30

40

50

60

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70

MIN.
5

3. Installation Comparison
Design

Operation

Installation
Installation

Space (Duct working)


Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability

VRF system doesnt need a duct space.


Feature
Space
Efficiency

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

MULTI V III (VRF)

Chiller system
Large duct space

Small refrigerant space

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

3. Installation Comparison
Design

Operation

Installation
Installation

Installation space
Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability

VRF system is no need for a machine room.


Feature

Chiller system

Installation
space

Need a machine room

MULTI V III (VRF)


No need a machine room

Pump
(Machine room drawing)
(Rooftop drawing)

Chiller

Boiler

Outdoor
Unit

Cooling
tower
(On the rooftop)

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

(On the rooftop)

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

3. Installation Comparison
Design

Operation

Installation
Installation

Space (Pipe shaft)


Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability

Efficient use of space is possible for VRF system


Feature

Chiller system

MULTI V III (VRF)

Space
Efficiency

Large pipe shaft is needed for water piping

Small pipe shaft is needed

CHILLER SYSTEM

VRF System

1/3
P
MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

3. Installation Comparison
Design

Operation

Installation
Installation

System expansion
Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability

VRF system expansion is very easy with extra outdoor & indoor unit.
Feature

System
Expansion

Chiller system
Capacity addition is difficult
as additional mechanical room, pump, cooling tower,
panel and piping is required.

MULTI V III (VRF)

System Expansion is Easy

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

4. Commissioning Comparison
Design

Operation

Installation

NO. of commissioning point


Commissioning
Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability

There are a lot of commissioning points for the chiller system


Feature

Chiller system
6 Steps Commissioning

Commissioning

MULTI V Plus (VRF)


1 Step Commissioning

(4)

6 steps Commissioning

1 step Commissioning

Water cooled chiller (3)

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

10

5. Maintenance Comparison
Design

Operation

Maintenance list

Installation

Commissioning

Maintenance
Maintenance

Reliability

Maintenance costs for a Multi V is lower than chilled water systems.


Feature

Maintenance

Chiller system

Filter cleaning
Duct cleaning
Water pipe maintenance
Periodical oil change, overhaul

Pump
Water treatment
Cooling tower cleaning

MULTI V III (VRF)


Filter cleaning
Heat exchanger cleaning
Cycle check by notebook (LG MV)

(4)

Water cooled chiller (3)

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

11

5. Maintenance Comparison
Design

Operation

Installation

Water treatment
Commissioning

Maintenance
Maintenance

Reliability

(For Chiller Water treatment is required for clean water)


Feature
Water
treatment

Chiller system

MULTI V III (VRF)

Water treatment is required


(deficient service can cause legionary disease in the system)

No water treatment is needed

<Polluted Cooling Tower>


MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

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5. Maintenance Comparison
Design

Operation

Scale cleaning

Installation

Commissioning

Maintenance
Maintenance

Reliability

(For Chiller) Maintenance & cleaning periodically by exclusive company


Feature
Scale
cleaning

Chiller system

MULTI V III (VRF)

Need to clean the water pipes


System efficiency drop & origin of germs

No water pipes : No scale (use refrigerant)

Energy Loss

Unit : %

Unit : mm

thickness of scale

After 2~3year

After 5~6year

After 7~8year

10%

25~30%

35~40%

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

< The system is consist of refrigerant pipes >

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

13

5. Maintenance Comparison
Design

Operation

Installation

Maintenance Staff
Commissioning

Maintenance
Maintenance

Reliability

(For Chiller) Certified maintenance staff is needed


Feature

Chiller system

MULTI V III (VRF)

Maintenance
Staff

The system requires certified maintenance


staff not only for chillers but also pumps,
boilers, cooling towers etc.
More expensive maintenance cost.

No need special maintenance staff.


Economic and easy maintenance

< Maintenance Staff>

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

<NO Maintenance Staff>


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6. Reliability Comparison
Design

Operation

Installation

Pipe Erosion
Commissioning

Maintenance

Reliability
Reliability

(For Chiller) Certified maintenance staff is needed


Feature
Pipe
Erosion

Chiller system
Pipe erosion can cause leakage.
System capacity reduction.
Brines use increase corrosion, anti corrosion
additives needed

MULTI V III (VRF)


Refrigerant does not cause corrosion therefore
no pipe damage occurred

< Water pipe leakage >

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

<Cooper Pipe>
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7. Economic analysis
Initial
Initial Cost
Cost

MULTI V vs Chiller

Running Cost

Maintenance Cost

Total cost

Equipments & Installation cost


Type of Building: Shopping Mall
Total area 9,000 m2 : 6 storey Building :1,500 m2/floor
Actual cooling area : 1,500 m2 * 80 % * 6 Floor = 7,200 m2
Cooling Load (Tr) / m2 : 700 Tr *12000 Btu/Hr = 1,166 Btu/m2
Equipment : Water cooled chiller /Multi V unit
- Water Cooled Chiller :Trane Water cooled chiller
350 Tr x 2 set =700 Tr + 300 Back up
Pumps =400 Tr x 2 set
AHU = 8000 CFM x 36 set
Cooling Tower =1200 Gpm x 3 +3 Back up
- VRF System :LG Multi V Plus II
48 Hp x 19 set=912 Hp 726 Tr
Air conditioning time : Operation
- 13 hour a day (09:00 ~ 22:00)
- 30 days a month
- average load by month

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Category

Water
Cooled C
hiller

VRV

April 2008
Cooling Only
Air Duct Included

Product

Initial Cost
(USD)

Chiller Price

355,484

AHU / Cooling T
ower / Pump, Pr
ice

148,065

Installation

383,871

Multi V

874,498

Installation

235,161

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

Initial Cost
(USD)Total

877,097

1,109,660

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7. Economic analysis
Initial Cost

MULTI V vs Chiller

Running
Running Cost
Cost

Maintenance Cost

Total cost

Electrical cost
Multi V running cost is 65 % compare to chiller

Category

Product

Running
Cost
(USD)Tota
l

Chiller Price
Water
Cooled C
hiller

AHU / Coolin
g Tower / Pu
mp, Price

$400k

Chiller
Chiller
Multi V

$300k

Multi V
$200k

308,697

Running cost
Savings up to
15th yr : 35%

$100k

14
th

12
th

10
th

8t
h

6t
h

4t
h

200,158

2n
d

Price

ye

Multi V

ar

$0k

Based on KW data chiller/Multi V


Based on, Thailand electrical standard
ARI-Air conditioning & Refrigeration Institute

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

17

7. Economic analysis
Initial Cost

MULTI V vs Chiller

Running Cost

Maintenance
Maintenance Cost
Cost

Total cost

Maintenance cost
Multi V maintenance cost is 24 % compare to chiller

Chiller Price

Multi V
$200k

32,177

Price

11,468

Maintenance
Cost savings
Up to 15th yr
: 66%

$100k

12
th

10
th

8t
h

6t
h

$0k

14
th

AHU / Cooling
Tower / Pump,
Price

Multi V

Multi V

$300k

4t
h

Water
Cooled C
hiller

Chiller

2n
d

Price

Chiller

$400k

ye
ar

Category

Maintenance
Cost
(USD)Total

Maintenance breakdown
Chiller system -31 USD / Rt / yr.- 6 times/yr
Multi V- 48 USD / Indoor / yr.- 6 times/yr
- 145 USD / Outdoor / yr.- 6 times/yr

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

18

7. Economic analysis
Initial Cost

Running Cost

Category

Chiller system

VRF system

Initial cost
(USD)

877,097

927,057

Running cost
(USD)

308,698

200,158

32,177

11,468

Total cost
(USD)

1,217,972

1,138,683

BEP

1.7 years

Economic Maintenace cost


Analysis
(USD)

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Maintenance Cost

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

Total
Total cost
cost

Remarks

Shopping
mall
6F,
9,000

19

8. LCC
LCC (Life Cycle Cost for 15 years) : Chiller 5.99 M$ > Multi V 4.27 M$ (71%)
BEP (Break Even Point)
: 1.7 Years

BEP

LCC (15 years)

+70K$

Cost savings
: 29%

$7000k
Chiller

$6000k

Multi V

+40K$

$5000k

BEP :
1.7 Years

$4000k
$3000k

+10K$
$2000k
$1000k

BEP :
1.7 Years

1 5th

1 4th

1 3th

1 2th

1 1th

1 0th

9th

8th

7th

6th

5th

4th

3rd

2 nd

1s t

y ear

$0k

- 20K$

1st year

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

2nd year

3rd year

4th year

20

8. LCC

Initial Cost (1st year)

LCC (15 years)

( K US$ )

1,228

5,992
7%

Electrical Fee

308

1,321
200

35%
Electrical Fee
77%

11
Maintenance

Product &
Installation

4,274

73%

32

1,109
877

Maintenance
Product &
Installation

Chiller

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Multi V

8%
15%

Chiller

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

4%
23%

Multi V

21

App. Cost estimation


Type of building : Shopping mall
Water cooled Chiller :350 TR x 2 set=700 Tr + 300Tr (back up)
VRF system:48 Hp x 19 set = 912 Hp (726TR)
Commercial Building : (Shopping Mall - 9,000 Total Area) - 6 storey building:1500 per floor
Actual cooling area : 1,500 * 80% * 6F = 7,200
Cooling load(TR) / : 700TR * 12,000Btu/h/TR 7,200 = 1167 Btu/

Water Cooled
Chiller
(Screw
type)

VRF

Classification
Chiller (screw type)
back up chiller (screw type)
Cooling tower (open type)
back up cooling tower (open type)
Product
Pump (Condenser) + 1 back up
Pump (Evaporator) + 1 back up
AHU
Sub total
Pipe & Insulation
Valve & Acc.
Installation
Power & Control
Duct working
Sub total
Total (Product + Installation)
Outdoor unit
Indoor unit
ceiling duct
Wired remote controller
Centrol controller (ACP)
Product
Centrol control software (AC Manager)
Y branch
ODU joint
Sub total

Capacity
350 RT
300 RT
400 RT
400 RT
1200 GPM
840 GPM
8,000 CFM

48 Hp
10 Hp

Price
EA
3,960,000 2
3,100,000 1
500,000 2
500,000 1
100,000 3
90,000 3
70,000 36

957,000
91,355
2,915
81,125
141,570
1,650
3,300

19
90
90
1
1
57
38

Sub total (THB)


7,920,000
3,100,000
1,000,000
500,000
300,000
270,000
2,520,000
15,610,000

9,000,000
2,900,000
11,900,000
27,510,000
18,183,000
8,221,950
262,350
81,125
141,570
94,050
125,400
27,109,445

57%

33%
11%
43%
100%

79%

Sub total (USD)


255,484
100,000
32,258
16,129
9,677
8,710
81,290
503,548

290,323
93,548
383,871
887,419
586,548
265,224
8,463
2,617
4,567
3,034
4,045
874,498

Outdoor unit
Installation

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

Indoor unit
ceiling duct
piping & electrical work
duct work
Sub total
Total (Product + Installation)

I lot

45,000

90

4,050,000

36,000

90

3,240,000
7,290,000
34,399,445

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

130,645

21%
100%

104,516
235,161
1,109,660

22

App. Actual running cost


Energy
consumption
/ unit

Category

Total
energy
consumption

EA

(kW)

Water
Cooled
Chiller
(Screw
type)

VRF

Chiller-350 Tr
Cooling tower-1260 GPM
Pump-50 Hp
AHU-10 tr
Total
Outdoor Unit
48 HP-R410a
Indoor Unit
10 HP CCD
Total

operating time / day (hours)

2
2

542
29.84

55.2
2.35

6
48

42
0.8

19
90

331.2
112.8
1015.84
798
72
870.0

30

Cooling load portion IPLV

100%

Load
VRF

kW

1%

100%

542

100%

75% cooling load

42%

75%

179.2

33%

50% cooling load

45%

50%

83.9

15%

25% cooling load

12%

25%

47.2

9%

Chiller system

113.1

3,393.0

Operation
hours
0.1

5.5

3,325.1

99,754.2

5.9

1,679.5

1.6
13.0

kWh / month

100%
870

50%

25%

179 84
474 474
653 558

47
474
521

75%
50%
609 287

25%
165

kWh / day

Used by Schedule 4.2.2 condition


electrical charge in Thailand
THB / month

USD

VRF
Chiller

517,076
797,469

16,680
25,725

Gap

280,393

9,045

kWh / month
132.06

3,961.78

5.5

3,565.60

106,967.95

VRF

50,386.1

5.9

3,262.78

97,883.37

Chiller

257.9

7,736.0

1.6

812.82

24,384.67

5,375.6

161,269.3

13.0

7,773.3

233,197.8

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

75%

portion

100% cooling load

kWh / day

100%

Power consumption

Load

VRF (MULTI V system)


Operation
hours
0.1

Load

Chillier
542
Others
474
Total
1016
VRF system

Chiller

13

operating day / month

Chiller system
Power consumption under partial load

(kW)

271
14.9

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

operating cost 1
year

200,158
308,698

23

App. Maintenance cost

Category

Capacity

Maintenance cost
Cost

Chiller
(Screw
type)

Maintenance
cost / year

EA

Unit

Chiller (Screw type)

350 RT

105,000

Baht/unit

210,000

Cooling tower

400 RT

60,000

Baht/unit

120,000

Pump

1200 GPM

15,600

Baht/unit

93,600

AHU

15 RT

2,000

Baht/unit

70

140,000

Control engineer

2 persons

20,000

Baht/unit

12

240,000

Total

803,600

Indoor unit
VRF

840 Hp

Outdoor unit

3,000

Baht/unit

4,500

Total

Chiller
VRF

90

270,000

19

85,500
355,500

950 THB / RT, year


1500 THB / indoor unit, year
4500 THB / ODU module, yea
Total

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

A note

THB
997,500
270,000
85,500
355,500

USD
32,177 6
6
6
11,468

Remarks
times / year
times / year
times / year

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

24

App. Energy efficiency (IPLV)


ARI Released The New Standard in 2003
Available through
the ARI web site:
WWW.ARI.ORG

Portion by cooling load (%)


kW / kW (ARI Part load weighting factors)

IPLV
OR =
APLV

0.01 + 0.42 + 0.45 + 0.12


A
B
C
D

ARI550/590-2003

WEIGHTED (%)
Cooling Load

MULTI V III vs CHILLER

1%

42%

45%

12%

100%

75%

50%

25%

Copyright 2012 @LG Electronics / AC Company All Rights Reserved

25