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January 2006 6666 Core Mathematics C4 Mark Scheme

Question Scheme Marks


Number

1. Differentiates M1

A1,
6 x  8 y dy
dx
 2,
to obtain :
.......................  (6 x dy
dx
 6 y)  0 +(B1)
 dy 2  6 x  6 y 
  
 dx 6x  8y 

Substitutes x = 1, y = – 2 into expression involving dy


dx , to give dy
dx =  108 M1, A1

Uses line equation with numerical ‘gradient’ y – (– 2) = (their gradient)(x – 1) M1


or finds c and uses y  (their gradient ) x  " c"

To give 5 y  4 x  6  0 (or equivalent = 0) A1√ [7]

2.   3 
(a) x 0 16 8 16 4

1.01959 1.08239 1.41421 M1 A1


y 1 1.20269
(2)
M1 for one correct, A1 for all correct

1  M1 A1
(b) Integral =   1  1.4142  2(1.01959  ...  1.20269)
2 16
  
 x 9.02355  = 0.8859 A1 cao
 32  (3)

(c) approx  0.88137


Percentage error =  100 = 0.51 % (allow 0.5% to 0.54% for A1) M1 A1 (2)
0.88137
[7]
approx  ln (1  2 )
M1 gained for  
ln (1  2 )

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January 2006 6666 Core Mathematics C4 Mark Scheme

Question Scheme Marks


Number

 u 2  1 M1
3. Uses substitution to obtain x = f(u)   ,
 2 
du M1
and to obtain u  const. or equiv.
dx

3(u 2  1) A1
Reaches  2u udu or equivalent
 2 3 M1
Simplifies integrand to   3u  2  du or equiv.
M1 A1√
Integrates to 1
2 u 3  23 u

A1√ dependent on all previous Ms

Uses new limits 3 and 1 substituting and subtracting (or returning to function of x
with old limits)
M1

To give 16 cso A1
[8]

“By Parts”
Attempt at “ right direction” by parts M1
 1
 1
[ 3 x  2 x  1) 
2
– {  3 2 x  1 dx } ] M1{M1A1}
2
 
 
3
……………. – 2 x  12 M1A1√

Uses limits 5 and 1 correctly; [42 – 26] 16 M1A1

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January 2006 6666 Core Mathematics C4 Mark Scheme

4.

Attempts V =  x 2 e2 x dx M1

 x 2e2 x 
=    xe2 x dx  (M1 needs parts in the correct direction) M1 A1
 2 

2
e 2 x  xe 2 x e2x 
= [x    dx  ] (M1 needs second application of parts) M1 A1√
2  2 2 

 xe
2x
M1A1√ refers to candidates dx , but dependent on prev. M1

2
e 2 x  xe 2 x e 2 x 
=  [x     ]
A1 cao
2  2 4 

Substitutes limits 3 and 1 and subtracts to give… [dep. on second and third Ms] dM1

=   134 e6  14 e 2  or any correct exact equivalent.


A1
[8]
[Omission of  loses first and last marks only]

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January 2006 6666 Core Mathematics C4 Mark Scheme

Question Scheme Marks


Number

5. (a) Considers 3x 2  16  A(2  x) 2  B (1  3 x)(2  x)  C (1  3 x)

and substitutes x = –2 , or x = 1/3 , M1

or compares coefficients and solves simultaneous equations

A1, A1
To obtain A = 3, and C = 4

Compares coefficients or uses simultaneous equation to show B = 0. B1


(4)

M1
(b) Writes 3(1  3 x)1  4(2  x) 2
(M1, A1)
= 3(1  3 x, 9 x 2  27 x 3  ......) +
2 3
4 (2)  x  (2)(3)  x  (2)(3)(4)  x  ( M1 A1 )
(1         +….)
4 1  2 1.2  2  1.2.3  2

= 4  8 x,  27 34 x 2  80 12 x3  ... A1, A1
(7)

Or uses (3x 2  16)(1  3 x) 1 (2  x) 2 M1

(3x 2  16) (1  3x, 9 x 2  27 x3  ) 


(M1A1)
2 3
(2)  x  (2)(3)  x  (2)(3)(4)  x 
¼ (1         ) (M1A1)
1  2 1.2  2  1.2.3  2

= 4  8 x,  27 34 x 2  80 12 x3  ... A1, A1
(7)
[11]

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January 2006 6666 Core Mathematics C4 Mark Scheme

  4  a  18,  1 b  9 M1 A1, A1


6. (a) (3)

8     1
   
12      1  =0 M1
(b) 14     1
   

 8    12    14    0 A1

Solves to obtain  (   2 ) dM1

Then substitutes value for  to give P at the point (6, 10, 16) (any form) M1, A1
(5)

OP = 36  100  256 M1
(c)
(= 392 )  14 2 A1 cao
(2)
[10]

dV
 4 r 2 B1
dr (1)
7. (a)

dr dV dr 1000 M1,A1
Uses  . in any form, =
(2)
(b) dt dt dV 4 r 2 (2t  1) 2

2
V   1000(2t  1) dt and integrate to p (2 t  1)  1 , = 500(2t  1) 1 ( c) M1, A1
(c)

Using V=0 when t=0 to find c , (c = 500 , or equivalent) M1

1
V  500(1  ) (any form) A1
2t  1 (4)

(i) Substitute t = 5 to give V, M1,


(d)
 3V 
then use r  3   to give r , = 4.77 M1, A1
 4  (3)

(ii) Substitutes t = 5 and r = ‘their value’ into ‘their’ part (b) M1

dr
 0.0289 ( 2.90 x10  2 ) ( cm/s)  AG A1
dt (2)
[12]

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January 2006 6666 Core Mathematics C4 Mark Scheme

 5
8. (a) Solves y = 0  cost  1
2 to obtain t  or (need both for A1)
3 3

Or substitutes both values of t and shows that y = 0

dx
(b)  1  2 cos t
dt
5 5
3 3

 ydx   (1  2 cos t )(1  2 cos t )dt  (1  2 cos t ) dt


2
Area= =  AG
 
3 3

(c)
Area 
= 1  4 cos t  4 cos 2 tdt 3 terms


= 1  4 cos t  2(cos 2t  1)dt (use of correct double angle formula)

=  3  4 cos t  2 cos 2tdt


= 3t  4sin t  sin 2t 

5 
Substitutes the two correct limits t  and and subtracts.
3 3

= 4  3 3

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