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KCT AIRCRAFT DESIGN CONTEST

3E-JET
ECO-FRIENDLY
ECONOMIC
ERGONOMIC

KAILASH CHANDRU. S
SATHYA NARAYANAN. V
SHARAN KUMAR. S
VICTORSANTHOSH. I

FINAL YEAR STUDENTS

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

PARK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

The aircraft purpose or mission profile

Commuter

The type(s) and amount of payload (kg)

9830.253843

The cruise and maximum speeds

0.8 Mach & 0.82 Mach

The normal cruise altitude(m)

11277

The range or radius with normal payload


The endurance
The take-off distance at the maximum weight
The landing distance with 50 percent of the
maximum fuel weight

Table of Contents
S.No

Contents

Preliminary Estimate of Take-Off Weight

Wing Loading Selection

Main Wing Design

Fuselage Design

Horizontal and Vertical Tail Design

Engine Selection

Take-Off and Landing

Enhanced Lift Design

Structural Design and Material Selection

10

Static Stability and Control

Page no.

1.2 DESIGN PROCESS


The process of designing of an aircraft and taking it to the point of a flight test
article consist of frequent of steps

Research, Development and market analysis

Mission Requirement

Conceptual design

No

Requirement Satisfied?

Yes

Preliminary test

Stop

Final Evaluation

Go

Detailed Design

Test Article Fabrication

Flight Test
Design process flow char

PRELIMINARY WEIGHT ESTIMATION:INPUT PARAMETERS


Maximum Mach Number

0.82

Cruise Mach Number

0.8

Cruise Altitude (m)

11277.6

Operational Radius (m)

3241000

Engine:TSFC MIN.

0.44

Engine: TSFC Max.

0.68

Engine: Thrust (N)

126329.5

Aspect Ratio

9.2

Combat: Time (min)

Combat: Altitude (m)

Loiter: Time (seconds)

600

Loiter: Altitude (m)

Fuel Reserve (%)

Trapped Fuel (%)

Structure Factor
Payload: Non-expendable (kg)

0.49
9830.254

RESULTS
Weight: Take-off (estimated)

36425.426

Weight: Take-off (final)

36425.426

Surplus Empty Weight(lbs)

1. Start-up & Take-off (kg)

35514.79

2. Climb & Acceleration to cruise (kg)

34378.317

3a. L/D

19.2

3b. V- cruise velocity(m/s)

238.52429

3c. Cruise to destination (kg)

31527.964

4. Acceleration to high speed (kg)

31501.907

5. Combat (kg)

31501.907

6. Drop Exp.Payload (kg)

31501.907

7. Cruise back (kg)

28890.041

8. Loiter (kg)

28779.907

9. Landing (kg)

28060.41

Total Fuel Wt. (kg)

8866.9174

Available Empty Wt. (kg)

17728.255

Required Empty Wt. (kg)

17728.255

WING LOADING SELECTION

TAKE-OFF
Altitude (m)
CL(max)

CLIMB
0

altitude (m)

1.7

climb mach

0.3

Thrust (max) (N)

126329.5

Take-off weight W-TO (kg)

36425.28

Wing Area S (sq.m)

44.77041

wing loading W/S (kg/sq.m)

813.6017

CRUISE START
CD_0

rate of climb dH/dt (m/sec)

10.16

wing loading W/S (kg/sq.m)

627.0246894

CRUISE END
0.042

CD_0

0.042

Aspect ratio

9.2

aspect ratio

9.2

Altitude (m)

11277.6

altitude (m)

11277.6

cruise mach

0.8

cruise mach

0.8

weight (kg)

31527.84

weight (kg)

28889.75164

wing loading W/S (kg/sq.m)

704.5388

wing loading W/S (kg/sq.m)

645.5865416

ACCELERATION

CEILING

Altitude (m)

9144

cruise mach

0.8

load factor

wing loading W/S (kg/sq.m)

738.8213

DESCENT

weight (kg)

31527.84486

Wing Area S (sq.m)

44.76894543

Altitude(m)

12496.8

cruise mach

0.8

wing loading W/S (kg/sq.m)

704.2347002

LANDING

weigth (kg)

28889.75

altitude (m)

Wing Area S (sq.m)

44.74962

CL (max)

altitude (m)

11277.6

Thrust (max) (kg)

126329.4939

cruise mach

0.8

weight_land (kg)

28060.13119

wing loading W/S (kg/sq.m)

627.0473793

wing loading W/S (kg/sq.m)

645.5865

0
1.7

MAIN WING DESIGN


DESIGN PARAMETERS
(INPUT DATA)
Cruise Mach number
Wing Area (Refer wing loading
calculations cruise start phase)
S(m^2)

0.8

44.7704

Wing Aspect Ratio

9.2

Sweep Angle of leading edge (deg)

25

Maximum Thickness to chord ratio

0.12

Taper Ratio of wing

0.33

Weight at the start of cruise (kg)

31527.8

Weight at the end of cruise(kg)

28889.8

Dynamic pressure at the start of


cruise(N/m^2)

1011.07

Dynamic pressure at the end of


cruise(N/m^2)

1011.07

Lift coefficient at the start of cruise

0.69

Lift coefficient at the end of cruise

0.63852

SWEEP ANGLES
LOCATION

X/C

Sweep angle, Lx/c (deg)

25

AT QUARTER CHORD

0.25

22.36967479

AT AERODYNAMIC CENTER

0.253

22.33747255

AT (T/C)MAX

0.37

21.07008256

13.88957162

AT LEADING EDGE EQN (4.38)

AT TRAILING EDGE

AIRFOIL DATA (INPUT DATA)


NASA SUPERCRITICAL
SC(2)- 0612

Name
Maximum Lift Coefficient

2.2

Slope of the Lift curve

0.107

1/deg

Location of the aerodynamic center

0.253

Zero-lift angle of attack

-4

Base drag coefficient cd_0

deg

0.01722387

Leading edge radius

0.0023
-0.4 - 0.1

Extent of the drag bucket


Position of (t/c)max

0.37

Plotting:

35
30
25

Spanwise View

20

10

10.88340967

19.11600303

33.292

15.52447784

33.292

Series1

15
5
0
0

Lift Curves
a

Cl

-4

16.56074766

2.2

10

15

20

25

FUSELAGE DESIGN
Flight Regime Data:
Cruise Mach
Cruise Alt.
V

(cruise)

Dimension Data:
D-max (m)
L/D
L (m)
S (m^2)

in SI units
0.8
11,278
301.68
0.348670602
1617.35759
1.59E-05
4.56686E-05

Wave Drag Calculations:


A_max
CDW
Drag (N)

Total Drag:
(N)

Equiv. CD

m
m/s
kg/m^3
N/m^2
NS/m^2
m^2/s

Form Factors:
3.3252156 F
10 Q
32 F*Q
44.7703

93.47588264
0.0441
3795.495521

10052.9112

0.052416978

1.093267
1
1.093267