You are on page 1of 26

FORM B - BUILDING In Area no. Form no.

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICALCOMMISSION 4- i
Office of the Secretary, State House, Boston

1. Town j:·iarlborouAh
.» AST fW"n 0~ '2;J'
Address 200 Boston Yost Road

Name Capt. Jason or Deacon Rufus


Howe Homestead
Present use Residence
2.

Present owner Kuhlmann Inc.

3. Description: 2t Story Brick End

Date

Source Pub. Local Histories

Style Colonial

4. Architect None
---------------
Exterior wall fabric Wood Clapboard

R Outbuildings (describe) None


---------
~@ Other features Beverly Ell. and origir

J T
d
F
'II
1\
SHo
C
rriv»
E tviE.~ alone

the added
room plan

brick
with

end.
chimney behit

ODD Y D Altered . Date


Bosrl1 N p osr RD.
Moved Date
o o~
p o Tf(
I
o 5. Lot size: 2 acres

One acre or les s Over one acre

S Approximate frontage Right of way only

A Approximate distance of building from street

"
E. 150 Ft.
DONOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE 6. Recorded by Ernest Ginnetti
USGSQuadrant
------- Organization Marlborough Historical
HC Photo no.
o .
Date 6/9/78
Commission

J UL 6 1978 (over)

MASS.
~i_MM.
Originaluse_F_·a_rm ~
~
Subsequentuses (ifany)and dates Residence
------------------------
8. Themes (checkas many as applicable)

Aboriginal Conservation Recreation


Agricultural Education Religion .x.,
-- .J
Architectural
The Arts
Commerce
x Exploration/
settlement
Industry
Science/
invention
Social! -- 1,,
Communication Military _x__ humanitarian --
Community development x Political Transportation
--
9. Historicalsignificance
(include
explanation
ofthemes checkedabove)

This house and the William Weeks house at 540 Concord Road repre-j
sent the only two houses of this type left in the city. I believe \
the original section was built before 1700 although 1 can not prove J
it at this time, except that a leantoe extends beyond the east wa.L'l,
of the house, on the north side to form a lIBeverly ell or Jog", an
early archetectural feature. I also believe the brick end chimneys
and the rooms to accomodate them were built just prior to or just
after the revolution, much to early for either jason or Rufus Howe.
To make matters even more difficult there were two Howe families,
John Howe was in Marlborough in 1656, and Abraham Howe appears in
Marlborough in 1660, they were not related to each other and both
families have many descendants.
Capt Jason Howe was born June 8, 1774 and married Mary wayland of
Cambridge, ~fter her death he married Isabella Hastings in 1818, and.
he died Sept. 2, 1851 at 77 years of age. Jason was a Descendant of
John Howe.
Rufus Howe was born April 15, 1802 and married Sophia Taintor in
1829. Both Rufus and Sophia were living when Charles Hudson wrote
the History of Marlborough Mass. in 1862, Rufus was a descendant of
Abraham. Howe ,

10. Bibliographyand/orreferences(suchas localhistories,


deeds, assessor'srecords,
early maps, etc.j

Historical Reminiscences of Marlborough, Ella Bigelow, Marl. 1910.

History of Marlborough Mass. Charles Hudson, Boston, 1862.

1803 map, 1835 map.


~.
,.
--:~- -
)'
Originaluse_F_'a_m _
~
Subsequentuses (ifany)and dates_R_e_s_i_d_e_n_c_e 1
---
8. Themes (checkas many as applicable)

Aboriginal Conservation Recreation


Agricultural Education Religion .x..
Exploration/
Architectural
The Arts
Commerce
settlement
Industry
--
Science/
invention
Social/
1
Communication Military _X_ humanitarian
Community development x political Transportation
---

9. Historical
significance
(include
explanationofthemes checked-above)

This house and the vli11iam ~:eeks house a~ 540 Cot;cord Road :-epre-)
sent the only two houses of th~s type left ~n the Clty. I bel~eve \
the original section was built before 1700 although 1 can not prove J
it at this time, except that a leantoe extends beyond the east wall
of the house, _on the north side to form a "Beverly ell or Jog", an
early archetectural feature. I also believe the brick end chimneys
and the rooms to accomodate them were built just prior to or just
after the revolution, much to early for either jason or Rufus Howe.
To make matters even more difficult there were two Howe families,
John Howe was in Marlborough in 1656, and Abraham Howe appears in
Marlborough in 1660, they were not related to each other and. both
families have many descendants.
Capt Jason Howe was born June 8, 1774 and married. Mary Wayland of
Cambridge, ~fter her death he married Isabella Hastings in 1818, and
he died Sept. 2, 1851 at 77 years of age. Jason was a Descendant of
John Howe.
Rufus Howe was born April 15, 1802 and married Sophia Taintor in
1829. Both Rufus and Sophia were living when Charles Hudson wrote
the History of Marlborough Mass. in 1862, Rufus was a 4escendant of
Abraham Howe ,

10. Bibliographyand/orreferences(suchas localhistories,


deeds, asseasorts records,
earlymaps, etc.)

Historical Reminiscences of Marlborough, Ella Bigelow, Marl. 1910.


History of Marlborough Mass. Charles Hudson, Boston, 1862.

1803 map, 1835 map.

....
)'
FORM B . BUILDING Assessor's number USGS Quad Area(s) Form Number

Massachusetts Historical Commission [58-21 I I Marlborough I AA 41


80 Boylston Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Town MarlborDugh

Place (neighborhood or village) _

Address 200 East Main Street

Historic Name John/Capt. Jason Howe Hous~


Dea. Rufus Howe House
Uses: Present oommercial/offiees

Original dwelling

Date of Construction 18th Cjca 1810's

maps; visual assessment

brick-ended Federal w. earlier


leanto
chitect/Builder __ l••.
JD o.....
k••..
•••.n wn~
•.•.• _

Exterior Material:

Sketch Map Foundation granite and mbble


Draw a map of the area indicating propenies within
it. Number each property for which individual Wallffrim brick, wood clapboard
inventory forms have been completed. Label streets,
including route numbers, if any. Attach a separate Roof asphalt shingle
sheet if space is not suffICient here. Indicate north.
Outbuildings/Secondary Structures _tw~o _

o
o commercial bnildings to north

Major Alterations (with dates) I .ate 20th C'


r@f~\ facade was fOIDlerly four hays' facade fenes-
I -iration redesigned aml ..rep1aced; other win-
N dow sash replaced. Shed dormer across rear.
--,.--_0_.1_0 _
Condition fair
~00 e-A-sr fhA-f}--l ST
...J (R.'lG. ~O) Moved [X] no [ ] yes Date N/A
;

~ (~
~tI) Acreage 1 72 acres

Recorded by Anne Fames Setting Part of three-building complex at

Organization for MarJbom Hist Comm end of dtble off East Main I Gcated at edge

Date 31] 5195 of rommercia1jmall district east of downtow.n.•..


BUILDING FORM

ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION [X] see continuation sheet


Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings
within the community.

The earliest section of this house, said to date to the early eighteenth, and possibly the seventeenth
century, is commonly believed to be the little one-room leanto at the north end. This assumption
may be questionable, however, as the presence of another building at 540 Concord Road (see Form)
with one brick end and a similar three-chimney configuration is likely to imply that this somewhat
unusual arrangement, rather than representing an accommodation of an existing building, was I
I
planned from the start. Given that the facade was four-bays wide until the recent renovations, it
might be more likely that it started out as a three-bay "half-house" with one end chimney, and that
the building was lengthened by one bay, including the brick end,in the early nineteenth century.

Today this is a two-story gable-roofed house, two-rooms deep, with a prominent brick south end.
The house has three chimneys; two, joined by a solid brick parapet, are integral to the end wall.
The third stands just in front of the north end of the main roof ridge. (Cont.)

mSTORICAL NARRATIVE [ ] see continuation sheet


Explain history of the building. Explain its associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of the )
building, and the role(s) the owners/occupants played within the community. )

Deed research will be necessary to verify the line of ownership of this property, which is confused by
some errors in Ella Bigelow's Historical Reminiscences. It may be, as the 1978 inventory form
suggests, that part of the house dates to at least the eighteenth century, and possibly the late
seventeenth. The owner shown on the 1803 map was John Howe, a descendant of original settler John
Howe. He died in 1818 at the age of 71, and would doubtless have been too old to build the stylish
brick-ended main house, whose characteristics are typical of the 1810's. Also in 1818, however, his son,
Jason (1774-1851), whose first wife had died, married Isabella Hastings, and it is likely that the main
house was built around the time of their marriage. Jason Howe is referred to as "Captain" Jason,
which could refer to either a role in the War of 1812 or the local early-nineteenth-century artillery
company. In 1835 the owner is still shown as "J. Howe." This could mean Jason, or possibly his son,
John W. Howe (b. 1806). The map of 1857 shows John Howe as the owner.

Shortly thereafter, the property was acquired by a descendant of the other main Howe family in
Marlborough, the Abraham Howe line. That owner was Deacon Rufus Howe (1802-1894), who was,
as Bigelow indicates, the son of Jonah Howe of 370 Bolton Street (see Form 73). He had spent many
years away from Marlborough, first in Boston, then as superintendent of Mt. Auburn Cemetery in
Cambridge from 1840 to 1856. Returning to Marlborough, he established himself here as a progressive
farmer, planting new orchards, repairing the farm buildings, and saying that he intended to have "one
of the handsomest places in Marlborough." (Bigelow). He was especially known for his greenhouses,
where he cultivated both vegetables and flowers. In addition to this farm, Rufus Howe owned
considerable land west of Prospect Hill, part of the former Tayntor family farm, which he apparently
inherited from his first wife, Sophia Tayntor, who died in 1855. He became a Deacon in the "Union"
Congregational church in 1858, and married Augusta Walker in 1859.

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES [] see continuation sheet


Bigelow, Ella. Historical Reminiscences of Marlborough. 1910.
Maps and atlases: 1803, 1835, 1856, 1875, 1889, 1900. Sanborn maps from 1901.
Ginnetti, Ernest. MHC Inventory Form for "200 Boston Post Road", 1978.
Marlboro vital records
Marlboro directories.

[ ] Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, a completed
National Register Criteria Statement form is attached.
INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET Community Property

Marlborough John/J ason/Rufus Howe


Homestead
Massachusetts Historical Commission
80 Boylston Street Area(s) Form No.
Boston, Massachusetts 02116 AA 41

ARCHITECfURAL DESCRIPTION.
A long one-story shed-roofed section on a rubble foundation, probably dating to the early part of
this century, spans the rear of the house. The four-bay brick end is typical of the flowering of the
Federal period in Massachusetts' towns in the second decade of the nineteenth century. The
windows, which have been changed from 6-over-6-sash, are now 1-over-1's. Most of the building's
windows are entirely new, although the replacement sash of the brick end has been inserted in the
existing wood-frame openings. A large three-part lunette under the south gable also formerly had
multiple lights.

Several outbuildings formerly stood on this property. A huge stone foundation directly behind the
house apparently remains from a bam or greenhouse.
FORM B - BUILDING In Area no. Form no.

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICALCOMMISSION 90
Office of the Secretary, State House, Boston

Name ,!ilLLa-::l 0tetG0l1 ~:oDe.::;t;~ad

Present use 2 Tena:-.lent


2

Present owner B. B. Realty Corp.

3. Description: 2t Story \load Frame

Date 1830

Source ~;'ub. Local rlis tories

Style Greel~ lzevi val

4. Map. Draw sketch of building location Architect Uone


in relation to nearest cross streets and
other buildings. Indicate north. Exterior wall fabric '.food ':::::lapboard

Outbuildings (describe) None


---------

o ii tJ I fflONl S,
Other features

south 'Hi th
2* Story

porch.
ell to the

I
M Altered Date
A

(g) W
s
I
o Moved

5. Lot size:
Date

o T
E.~
One acre or less

Approximate frontage
Over one acre

80 Feet

o r
E.

f
E.J,.,M PI-.
Approximate distance of building from street

30 Feet

6. Recorded by Ernest Ginnetti

Organization Nar1borough Historica~


ComrrlI. S S a.on
Date 7/21/78

'\
(over)

30M-5-77 .'
7. Original owner (if known) h,'3.·~on .iilliam '::;LC tson
~ . n""; ,-!,..."'\, ....
,..,
Or-iginaluse _.'_"".'.'-'
_IL __'-.

Subsequent uses (if any) and dates 'I'eriamcnt


-----------------------------
8. Themes (check as many as applicable)

Aboriginal Conser vation Recreation


Agricultural Education Religion x
Architectural Exploration/ Science/
The Arts settlement invention
Commerce Industry Social!
Communication Military humanitarian
Communitydevelopment Political Transportation

9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above) {


\

Deacon Stetson move.d into t own the day Rev. Hr. Goodhue. ,::,as or- ,
dained. For nearly a ge.neration in chuz.oh and. social mec t i.ng s he
served the people of !·:arlborough. He passed. though the vale o f poverty
but rose by his ene:cgy to good. fortune, never swer-v Lng fro::l the path
of honesty, honor or duty. It was le36 when Deacon Stetson of Jackson
Florida, was choir director and tenor vocalist of the 8prin~ Eill
Church,
Deacon ,stetson married. and. had. three sons before coming to l-lar-Lbo r-o ,
His second. "",ife was Hrs. Daria Clark, and. had six child.ren by her.
Hr. Stetson built this place about 1830, and lived. here for many
years but subsequently sold and. moved to Spoon Hill Ave., and from
there he returned. to Florida.

10. Bibliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records,
'early maps, etc.)
Historical Reminiscences of Marlborough, Ella Bigelow, Marl., 1910.

History of Marlborough Mass., Charles Hudson, Boston, 1862.


FORM B - BUILDING Assessor's number USGS Quad Area(s) Form Number

Massachusetts Historical Commission I 57-125 II Marlborough I I 90


80 Boylston Street
50ston, Massachusetts 02116

Town Marlborough

Place (neighborhood or village) _


'~~

60 East Main Street

ric. Name \Villiam Stetson How:e

Present two-family dwelling

Original dwelling

of Construction ca 1840

Maps; style

Greek Revival

unknown

Exterior Material:

Sketch Map Foundation granite


Draw a map of the area indicating properties within
it. Number each property for which individual WallfTrim synthetiC' siding
inventory forms have been completed. Label streets,
including route numbers, if any_ Attach a separate Roof asphalt shingle
sheet if space is not sufficient here. Indicate north.
Outbuildings/Secondary Structures _

none

Major Alterations (with dates) "bed dormers

N & S , stone retainio<Y - wall under portico }

some trim removed or covered--20tb C


N Condition fair

Moved [X] no [ J yes Date N•..•.


/A.o...-__
T ••••••

Acreage less than one acre

.cecorded by Anne Forbes Setting 00 rise above busy Rte 20 in

Organization for Marlboro Hist Camm residential/commercial area Spring Hill Ceme-

Date 8/30/94 teT)' to rear-1ate-J9th.C homes N & S


BUILDING FORM

ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION [ ] see continuation sheet


Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings
within the community.

Although altered, this house is significant as one of several examples of the Greek Revival "temple-
front" house-type that were built in the 1830's and 1840's in the east part of Marlborough center.
It is a large 2 1I2-story building with a tetrastyle Doric portico and a two-story south wing that
formerly connected to a large cupolaed carriage house. (Demolished after 1889.) The main facade
has two large widely-spaced 6-over-6-sash windows at both stories, and two smaller ones in the
pediment. The main entry of the house is in the south side of the main house, sheltered by a porch
on two short Doric columns. It has a 4-paneled door, with a slightly pedimented, sidelighted
surround. (
(
Typical of the Greek Revival, the cornice is molded and boxed, with a wide frieze with architrave
molding. In spite of its synthetic siding, the house retains its very wide comer pilasters.

HISITORhICAL ~AhRb~lTd!VEE[XlJ .se~ contin~at.ion sh~hetl l ( )h I I d .e I J


Exp ain istory OJ t e UI mg. xp am Its associations wzt oca or state istory. nc u e uses oj t ie
building, and the rale(s) the owners/occupants played within the community.

This bouse was the home of at least two of Marlborough's more prominent nineteenth-century
citizens. It was built in about 1840 for William Stetson, who came to Marlborough in 1836. He
apparently tried his hand at shoe manufacturing in the early days of the industry in Marlborough,
as he is shown as the owner of both a house and shoeshop on Howe Street in 1853. He was
extremely active in the Congregational Church, as choir director, tenor vocalist, and Deacon. After
living here for many years, the Stetsons moved to Spoonhill Avenue, and eventually relocated to
Florida.

From at least 1869 through 1888 this property, which by then still stretched nearly to Francis Street,
was owned by farmer Samuel E. Warren. Although he lived here, he apparently also had charge of
part of his family's farm on Boston Post Road, just past the intersection with Concord Road, which,
after his death, became the city Poor Farm.,

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES [] see continuation sheet


Bigelow, Ella. Historical Reminiscences of Marlborough. 1910.
Maps and Atlases: Walling: 1853, 1857, 1871; Beers: 1875; Bailey & Hazen: 1878; Walker: 1889;
Sanboms.
Marlborough Directories.

[ ] Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, a completed
National Register Criteria Statement 101m is attached.
FORM B - BUILDING In Area no. Form no.

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICALCOMMISSION
Office of the Secretary, state House Boston I

.~~

I
-..1 1. Town j .. 3.rl Co::'o1.v:h

Address 33L~ -=ast hain ':;tl~cet

Name .lillia8 Sto~"e ;louse

Present use Offices


2. ---------------

Present owner Kenneth A. Fries

3. Description: 2t Story Hood. Frame

Date 1796

Source Pub. Local histories

Style Greek Revival


4. Map. Draw sketch of building location Architect None
in relation to nearest cross streets and --'---------------
other buildings. Indicate north. Exterior wall fabric ·..food Clapboard

Outbuildings (describe) None


----------
H
o Other features Extremely larg;e t

s could be a converted Georgian?


M

o o@
E
R.
n Altered

Moved
Date 1972

--------- Date-----
«r e ;)..0 Lot size:
C One acre or less x Over one acre
o
(J
Approximate frontage 90 Feet
~

"E.
A-
N
Approximate distance of building from street

40 Feet
6. Recorded by Ernest Ginnetti

Organization Marlborough Historical


. Commission
Date 9/21/78
". -, ~.- ~ i • I ,. (over)
"
........ ".,

30M-S-77

7. Originalowner (ifknown) .~i11ia-'1
-Stoue

Originaluse .~csidenc(~

Subsequentuses (ifany)and dates Offices 1972


---------------------------
8. Themes (checkas many as applicable)

Aboriginal Conservation Recreation


Agricultural Education -X Religion
-X-
Architectural Exploration/ Science/
The Arts settlement invention
Commerce Industry Social! --
Communication Military -- humanitarian
-v-
Community development X Political .•..•.. Transportation
-- '-- ,
9. Historicalsignificance
(includeexplanation ofthemes checked above) i
~
'\.JilliamStowe, who married Phebe 1I10rsein 1796 built this house and
here Truman St.owe was born and lived. several years after his marriage
to Hannah Banson. Later on he moved. south and died in Jacksport, Ark-
ansas in 1857. After he left, Mr. James Draper who married a daughter
of William Draper of Marlborough lived here in 1832. The 1·ridowof
William Rice then purchased the place but sold. it to Judge Israel E.
Eames in 1835, and he sold it to William F. Barnard in the same year.
Israel Eames married William Barnards sister, Elizabeth and the
two families were easily accommodated in the large old mansion.
vlilliam Barnard was educated in the district school and old Gates
Academy, and. he later taught in the district schools on the Farms,
Warren and North districts for twelve years. Tiring of school tea-
ching he directed his energies to farming, improving the Holden place
and tilling the adjoining 90 acres of land. Although Mr. Barnard
had never shown inclination to hold public office, he was honored with
the confid.ence of his fellow citizens, serving as assessor, overseer
of the poor, and a member of the school board. He was one of the
first stock holders of the Fitchburg road, and deemed the construction
of this and the South road the greates events in the history of Marl-
borough. He had united with the Union church in 1852 and had lived.
a frugal and temperate life which ended. in 1903 in his 94th year.

10. Bibliographyand/orreferences(suchas localhistories,


deeds, assessor'srecords,
-ear ly maps, etc.)

Historical Reminiscences of Marlborough, Ella Bigelow, Marl., 1910.


History of Marlborough Mass., Charles Hudson, Boston, 1862.
INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET Community Property

Marlborough John Stow House

Massachusetts Historical Commission


80 Boylston Street Area(s) Form No.
Boston, Massachusetts 02116 AA 94

Additional information by Anne Forbes, consultant to Marlborough Historical Commission,


6/19/95:

ASSESSOR'S #58-41 less than one acre PHOTO #95-18: 16

ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION.
One of Marlborough's larger Greek Revival "temple-front" mansions, with the attic story
overhanging a tetrastyle facade colonnade, this house is either an early-nineteenth-century
replacement for an earlier house, or a radical update of a an earlier building. If the latter is the
case, it may have begun as a 2 1/2-story, five-bay, side-gabled, eighteenth-century house, possibly
built as early as the 1760's. The building has been altered by the installatiion of synthetic siding,
an exterior chimney on the west side, and a pair of "picture" windows on the first story facade. The
shutters are also modem. The house retains many of its details, however, including its wide main
entry, which has divided 2/3-length sidelights, flat pilasters with echinus caps, and a high, molded
frieze and projecting lintel. The main roof cornice is molded and boxed, with a dentil course
below. One massive chimney remains on the east slope of the roof. Several 12-over-12-sash
windows may be twentieth-century replacements.

A sketch from ca. 1910 shows the house with what appears to be a second-story gallery across the
portico.

HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, cont.


Some apparent errors in the statement from Ella Bigelow cited on the 1978 inventory form were
partially corrected by James Bigelow, although the comments in his 1927 scrapbook contain a few
errors, as well.

Maps corroborate his assessment that this house was owned in 1803 not by William, but by John
Stow(e) (1740-1828). He was the grandson of Samuel Stow (1645-1721) who had returned to
Massachusetts from Connecticut sometime before 1684 and started a farm in this part of
Marlborough. At least three other of Samuel's grandsons, brothers Josiah (see Form #12, 33
Spoonbill Avenue) and Samuel Stow, (see Form #94, 91 Boston Post Road), and another cousin
Simon, also had farms nearby. John Stow married Grace Newton in 1766, and among their
children were William (1773-1808), who married Phebe Morse in 1796, and Mary, who married
Daniel Williams in 1804. Although Ella Bigelow says Daniel Williams built the house formerly
just east of this one, that is the house shown under William Stowe's name on the map of 1803.
William Stowe died in 1808, and Daniel Williams in 1810. Mary Stowe Williams inherited the
eastern house, and William Stowe's son, Truman Stowe (b. 1796) was apparently the next owner
of #334, as it is shown under his name by 1830. He had married Hannah Manson in 1815. It was
probably in the early 1830's that they moved to Arkansas, where, as Ella Bigelow says, he died in
1857. (Cont.)
INvENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET Community Property

Marlborough John Stow House


Massachusetts Historical Commission
80 Boylston Street Area(s) Form No.
Boston, Massachusetts 02116 AA 94

HISTORICAL NARRATIVE, cont.


The next several occupants and owners are evidently as Ms. Bigelow describes them. William
Barnard was indeed noted for developing a progressive farm here. By 1871, however, he was living
at 83 East Main Street (see Form #195). Aaron Holden, who apparently purchased the property
from Mr. Barnard, is shown here by 1875, and was still here in1889. M.E. Holden, evidently his
son, succeeded him as owner by 1900. By 1927 the property was owned by Margaret B. Fowler.

ADDITIONAL BIBLIOGRAPHY.
Maps and atlases: 1803, 1830, 1835, 1853, 1856/57, 1875, 1889, 1900.
Marlboro vital records
Marlboro directories and tax valuations.
Bigelow, James. "Photographs and Descriptions of Some Old Houses in Marlbrough, Mass." 1927.

[ J Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, a completed
National Register Criteria Statement form is attached.
. . .. "'." \~~

FORM B - BUII:DING In Area no. Form no.

l\lASSACHUS'E1'TS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 114


r:\.&&:"- __ ---..L-A-C,..,,._.o."n .••,,,._r_ ct-l::J+O Unil CD _ "Q.n.c:::.tnn

Marl borQugh

15 East Main Street

e Dacey's Garage

Vacant on first floor

In probate

1882

Source PlaQue

zle

-1. Map. Draw sketch of building location Architect


in relation to nearest cross streets and
other buildings. Indicate north. Exterior wall fabric stucco
--=..;:;..=.:..=-=-------
SPJ/,1.)/J ..( :T,":
Outbuildings (describe) _

Other features
-------------

Altered Date

Moved
--------- Date -----
5. Lot size:

One acre or less -X....- Over one acre __

Approxi mate frontage 40'

l
Approximate distance of building from street

/If 15'
6. Recorded by 'oj]. Gibbons

Organization J..2rlboro flcnnin2 :::"ept.

Date 6/29/79

.J (over)

J7?-~7-77

7. Original owner (if known) (·':bQm8f

Original use Livery stable and resiue~ce

subsequent uses (if any) and dates C;arage, Cas StatiQn 1900's J

8. Themes (check as many as applicable)

Aboriginal Conservation Recreation


Agricultural Education Religion
Archi tectural x Exploration/ Science/
The Arts settlement invention
Commerce x Industry Social!
Communication Military humanitarian
Community development x political Transportation x
"
I
9. Historical significance (include explanation of themes checked above)
'.,,

This building has a flat roof and stUCCQ exteriQr, features


reminiscent Qf the Spanish Revival architecture as fQund in
~ew Nexico and ArizQna during the late 1800's. It was
cQnstructed circa. 1882 under the direction of ThQmas Dacey,
owner. ~r. Dacey Qperated his business here, a livery stable.
Horses and carriages were the primary business concern at
that time. Hacks and horse-drawn hearses were also housed here.
Dacey's wagons traveled tQ the two depots within the city, ana
transpQrted mail frQm Boston to the Post Office in ~arlborough.
In later years, William Dacey, the owner's son, kept the business
go ing until he passed away several years ago. IV;r.Dacey lef t
no heirs, resulting in the property being held in probate.
The building is in need of repair, and generally run-down in
appearance.

10. BIbliography and/or references (such as local histories, deeds, assessor's records,
early maps, etc.)
Interview: Mr. Earlson - former employee of Dacey's Garage
On site inspection.
Marlborough D.irectory - 1900 (Marlborough Public Library)
FORM B - BUILDING Assessor's number USGS Quad Area(s) Form Number

Massachusetts Historical Commission 57-183 I I Marlborough I J 195


80 Boylston Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Town MarlbofOlloho

Place (neighborhood or village) _

· Address 83 Fast MaiD Street

• Historic Name Samuel Chipman HOllse

Uses: Present Dwe11ing

Original Dwe]]jng, shoe factOTy

... Date of Construction ca 183~-40

· Source Maps; style

· StylelForm Greek Revival

Architect/Builde r IIl_l k_l_10_W_l_l _

Exterior Material:

Sketch Map Foundation granite and brick


Draw a map of the area indicating properties within
it. Number each property for which individual Wall/Trim synthetic siding aDd flllshboard
inventory forms have been completed. Label streets,
including route numbers, if any. Attach a separate Roof asphalt shingle
sheet if space iii not sufficient here. Indicate north.
Outbuildings/Secondary Structures _

small 2-story house at rear

Major Alterations (with dates) some window

replacement: Dew concrete and slate portico

Ooor

Condition fairloood
'0

Moved [X] no [ ] yes Date __ N_I_A _

Acreage less than one acre

Recorded by Anne Forbes Setting On 19tb-C residential block of mixed

Organization for Marlboro Hist Comm residential/commercial area Parking in front;

Date 4130i94 bllnga)ow to south


BUILDli~G FORM

ARCHITECfURAL DESCRIPTION [ ] see continuation sheet


Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings
within the community.

This house is significant as one of several examples of the Greek Revival "temple-front" house-type
that were built in the 1830's and 1840's in the east part of Marlborough center. Along with the
William Hall House at 24 Stevens Street (see Form #198), it is the only one of the group built in
the tristyle, as opposed to the somewhat more common tetrastyle, form. Like the John Chipman j
House at 17 Stevens Street (see Form #85), it retains its flushboarded facade. It is a tall 2 1/2-story
building with a two-story side wing extending south from the rear comer. A one-story hip-roofed
ell in front of the wing appears to be a later addition, and may represent the enclosing of an open
porch. At the main facade, the pedimented gable is supported on fluted Doric columns, with a
square-balustered railing across the second-story balcony. While tbe first two story facade stories
are flushboarded, the pediment is clad in wood clapboards or synthetic siding. The facade is
arranged in three bays, with a side-hall entry at both stories. The main door has four panels with
raised octagonal fields. It is surrounded by full-length divided sidelights and flat pilasters, a high
frieze, and a molded, projecting horizontal lintel. The door above it at the second story is an eight-
light "French" door. The windows are 6-over-6-sash with flat surrounds; the slight flare of the
window crowns, reminiscent of the Fderal Period, suggests an early date for tbe bouse, probably in
the 1830's.

Typical of the Greek Revival, the cornice is molded and boxed, with a wide frieze with architrave
molding. The corners of both the house and wing are trimmed with wide flat pilasters. The paired
sawcut brackets at the cornice lines are a later Italianate touch, probably added during the 1870's.

HISTORICAL NARRATIVE [X] see continuation sheet


Explain history of the building. Explain its associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of the
building and the roleis) the owners/occupants played within the community.

In the mid-nineteenth century some of Marlborough's early shoe factories were concentrated on East
Main Street, including the shop of Elijah Dickinson in 1842, and in 1851, those of Charles G. Whitney
and Thomas J. Howe. The earliest substantial shoe manufacturer in the area was John Chipman, who
in 1836 began in the shop formerly used for custom work by Amory Cotting (which stood a short
distance south of this property). In 1842 John's brother, Samuel, joined him, and they remained in
partnership for several years. Further research will be needed to trace the subsequent history of the
company, but the map of 1853 shows the "S. &. J. Chipman Shoe Factory at this location. As this
house is of a type characteristic of the 1830's-'40's, it is thus possible that some shoe manufacturing
was taking place here at that time. John Chipman was by then living at 17 Stevens Street, and the
house of a Samuel Chipman, (whether this Samuel, or John and Samuel's father, cabinetmaker Samuel
Chipman, Sr., is not known for certain), is shown further south, opposite #60 East Main at about the
location of the Cotting property. It is most likely that at that time Samuel Chipman, Jr. (b. 1817) was
living here, and that the house had been built for him several years earlier, possibly at the time of his
marriage to Martha Rice in 1838. (Cont.)

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES [] see continuation sheet


Bigelow, Ella. Historical Reminiscences of Marlborough. 1910.
Hurd, D. Hamilton. History of Middlesex County. Mass. 1890.
Maps and Atlases: Walling: 1853, 1857, 1871; Beers: 1875; Bailey & Hazen: 1878; Walker: 1889;
Sanboms.
Marlborough Directories.
Vital Records of Marlborough.

[ X] Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, a completed
National Register Criteria Statement form is attached.
INVENTORY FORM CONTINUATION SHEET Community Property

Marlborough Samuel Chipman House

Massachusetts Historical Commission


80 Boylston Street Area(s) Form No.
Boston, Massachusetts 02116 J 195

HISTORICAL NARRA TIVE cont. t

In 1862 Samuel Chipman, Charles Whitney, and Lewis Felton joined to form the firm of Whitney,
Felton & Chipman. They built a factory on the southeast comer of Middlesex Square (the intersection
of East Main and Lincoln Streets,) where they operated for four or five years, when they were bought
out by Rice & Hutchins, a company which grew over the next four decades to become one of the
largest in Marlborough.

By 1871 the house had been acquired by William F. Barnard, who remained here through the tum of
the century. William Barnard, (1809-1903), who lived at several locations in Marlborough and Hudson
during his long life, had been a teacher for twelve years in the "Farms", "Warren", and North district
schools, before turning to farming at 334 East Main Street (see Form #94). He served as an assessor,
overseer of the poor, and member of the school board, and was one of the first stock-holders of the
Marlborough Branch of the Fitchburg Railroad in the early 1850's. He ran a dairy business for many
years, and apparently moved here after he retired from farming.
Massachusetts Historical Commission Community Property Address
80 Boylston Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Marlborough 83 East Main Street

Area(s) Form No(s).

J 195

National Register of Historic Places Criteria Statement Form

Check all that apply:

[x] Individually eligible [ ] Eligible only in a historic district


[ ] Contributing to a potential historic district [] Potential historic district

Criteria: [x] A [] B [x] C [] D

Criteria Considerations: [] A [] B [] C [] D [] E [] F [] G

Statement of Significance by __ F_o_r_b_e_s


~/_S_c_hu_l_e_r _
The criteria that are checked in the above sections must be justified here.

The Samuel Chipman House meets Criteria A and C of the National Register individually. The
property is important for its association with one of the earliest shoe manufacturing companies
in Marlborough, the industry which would become the base of the local economy. Also this
dwelling is in an area of town where early shoe factories were concentrated. The property is
significant architecturally as an example of a temple-front Greek Revival house type. It retains
integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association.
FORM B - BUILDING Assessor's number USGS Quad Area(s) Form Number

Massachusetts Historical Commission I 57-379 I I Marlborough I J 200


80 Boylston Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Town Marlborough

Place (neighborhood or village) _

"Chipman's Corner"

Address 138 Fast 1\·1a;n Street

Historic Name J ewis Felton House

Uses: Present Dwell;nuo

Original Dwelling

Date of Construction ca 1845

Source Maps' , style' , deeds

Style/Form Greek Revival/QlIeen Anne

. Architect/Builder unknown

Exterior Material:

Sketch Map Foundation granite


Draw a map of the area indicating properties within
it. Number each property for which individual WalIffrim wood clapboard and shjn~le
inventory forms have been completed. Label streets,
including route numbers, if any. A ttach a separate Roof asphalt shingle
sheet if space is not sufficient here. Indicate north.
Outbuildings/Secondary Structures _

none

Major Alterations (with dates)_------

Radical updating ca 1890 (see P 2); shed

dormer aD west side, ?Otb C

Condition fair/good

Moved (X] no [ J yes Date __ N~/A _

Acreaze
I::>
less than one acre

corded by Anne Forbes Setting In small c!Jlster of mid- to late-

Organization for Marlboro Hist Comm 19th-century houses at "Chipman's corner '1

Date 4/30i94 Concrete steps at front


BUILDING FORM

ARCHITECfURAL DESCRIPTION [ ] see continuation sheet


Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other
buildings within the community.

138 East Main, with its 2-over-1-sash windows, pattern-shingled pediment, diagonal southwest
corner bay, lathe-turned frieze screens and turned post at the southeast corner, looks at least
superficially like a Queen Anne cottage of ca. 1890. Deed records, along with the building's
proportions, pedimented facade, and granite foundation, however, reveal that it probably began as
a 2-story, temple-front cottage similar to its neighbor to the east at 1.40 East Main, and that the
front columns were removed and the center of the portico filled in sometime in the 1890's. The
main entry, which is at the east end of the facade, may remain in its original position, or mayhave
been relocated at that time. The house today has two 1 If2-story, cross-gabled ells at the rear of
the main section, with a long rear wing extending to an attached barn/garage.

Although the architectural trim dates to several periods, two of the most character-defining
elements are the pattern-shingled, shed-roofed Queen Anne hoods over the first floor windows, and
a frieze, embellished with large saw-cut scallops, that may be original to the house.

HISTORICAL NARRATIVE [] see continuation sheet


Explain history of the building. Explain its associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of
the building, and the role(s) the ownersloccupants played within the community.

This house, like many otbers in the vicinity, is intimately connected with the development of \
"Chipman's Corner" and the East Main Street area. It was the home of Mary L. (Stowe), one of )

the nine daughters of Thankful Stowe (cf. Form #197, 16 Stevens Street), and her husband Lewis
Felton. They were married in 1847, the same year that they purchased the house from Samuel
Chipman. In about 1860 the Feltons acquired the the former Luther (and/or Leonard) Whitney
House next door at 140 East Main, which they sold to Mr. Felton's half-brother William W.
Holyoke in 1869.

Lewis Felton (1824-1877), was one of the early shoe manufacturers in the East Main Street area.
With his neighbor, Samuel Chipman, 2nd, he formed the firm of Felton & Chipman in 1858. In
1862 they were joined by his wife's brother-in-law ca. Whitney, to become Whitney, Felton, &
Chipman, and built a factory at the southeast side of "Chipman's Corner," as the intersection of
East Main and Stevens Street was then called. Sources indicate that they were bought out by Rice
& Hutchins in 1867, although according to directories and map evidence, the company was still
operating there as Felton & Chipman as late as 1875.

Mrs. Felton, who survived her husband, apparently lived here until her death in 1895, although she
sold the property to her son, Fred Felton, in 1889. In 1903 Fred and his wife, Minnie Felton, sold
it to Thomas A. Pellett.

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES [] see continuation sheet


Bigelow.
Hurd, D. Hamilton. Historv of Middlesex County, Mass. 1890.
Maps and Atlases: Walling: 1853, 1857, 1871; Beers: 1875; Bailey & Hazen: 1878; Walker:
1889; Sanborns.
Marlborough Directories.
Vital Records of Marlborough.
Middlesex County Registry of Deeds.

[ X] Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. * If checked, a


National Register Criteria Statement is attached. * (see NR Statement for Area Form J.)
Massachusetts Historical Commission Community Property Address
80 Boylston Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Marlborough 138 East Main Street

Area(s) Form No(s).

J 200

National Register of Historic Places Criteria Statement Form

Check all that apply:

[ ] Individually eligible [ ] Eligible only in a historic district


[x] Contributing to a potential historic district [] Potential historic district

Criteria: [x] A [] B [x] C [] D

Criteria Considerations: [] A [] B [] C [] D [] E [] F [] G

Statement of Significance by __ F_o_r_b_es~/ _S_ch_u_l_e_T _


The criteria that are checked in the above sections must be justified here.

The Lewis Felton House meets Criteria A and C of the National Register as part of an East
Main Street district. The property is significant for its association with one of Marlborough's
early shoe manufacturers. In 1858 Felton joined one of the first and leading shoe
manufacturers, Samuel Chipman to form Whitney, Felton & Chipman. Chipman's Corner
(later Middlesex Square) and the East Main Street area were the location of many of the early
shoe shops and housing for shoe manufacturers. The dwelling is one of the one examples of a
modest side hall Greek Revival which was updated in the late 1800s with Queen Anne features.
The property retains integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and
association.
FORM B - BUILDING Assessor's number USGS Quad Arears) Form Number

Massachusetts Historical Commission I 57-160 I I Marlborough I J 201


80 Boylston Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02116

Town Marl borough

ace. (neighborhood or village) _

:~
..\..<~:
j ··t<';·;X·~ldress 161:\ Fast Main Street
\'>{ll"~v
l ••.
• ".1'

';Y':';St011C Name C 1. Bliss HOllse

Present Dwelling

Original Dwelling

'j~ te of Construction __ c~a~1~8~88~ _

Maps: style

Qlleen Anne

Jlnknown

Exterior Material:

Sketch Map Foundation brick


Draw a map of the area indicating properties within
it. Number each property for which individual \Vall(frim wood clapboard
inventory forms have been completed. Label streets,
including route numbers, if any. Attach a separate Roof asphalt shinole
o
sheet zf space is not sufficient here. Indicate north.
Outbuildings/Secondary Structures _

none

Major Alterations (with dates), _

l-storv . addition at rear SF- . wood fjre escape

on F : porch balustrade replaced

Condition aood
o

Moved [X] no ] yes Date N/A

Acreaze
t» less than one acre

Recorded by Anne Forbes Setting In line of mostly 1860's wood-frame

Organization for Marlboro Hist Comm hOIlses Flanked by_ two mansard cottaoes
0

Date 4130/94
BUILDING FORM

ARCHITECfURAL DESCRIPTION [ J see continuation sheet


Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings
within the community.

One of the most well-preserved of the late-nineteenth-century houses on East Main Street, this is an
excellent example of the relatively simple Queen Anne with embellishments continuing from the
earlier Stick Style. In contrast to the Brigham House at 10 Stevens Street (see Form #197), for
instance, the walls of this building are all clapboarded, with a decorative and textural emphasis
concentrated mainly in the skirted pediments of its gable ends. It is a tall, 2 112-story, gable-front \,
J
building with a 2 112-story shallow wing on each side. A 1 1I2-story ell extends to the rear, with a
long, later I-story addition behind it. A large open porch wraps around three sides of the building,
from wing to wing. It has turned posts, pierced, sawcut brackets, and retains one short section of
turned balustrade. Horizontal banding separates the stories, and a sill board and cornerboards are
narrow and unadorned, as are the :flatsurrounds of the 2-over-2-sash windows. The gables, the most
elaborate area of the house, are embellished with diagonal, horizontal, and vertical "stickwork", and
the main facade gable has the fanned-clapboard "sunburst" design that was the hallmark of the Queen
Anne. The main, sidehall entry has a double-leaf door, presently covered by a vertical-board storm
door.

HISTORICAL NARRATIVE [J see continuation sheet


Explain history of the building. Explain its associations with local (or state) history. Include uses of the
building, and the role(s) the owners/occupants played within the community.

Although the house here apparently dates to about 1888, this property represents several decades of
combined residential and industrial activity on East Main Street. In 1851 CiG. Whitney began J
manufacturing shoes in a barn on the property (see Form #197, 16 Stevens Street), and in 1853 Hiram
Fay had his carpenter's shop here (possibly in the same barn) from which he produced some of
Marlborough's most beautiful Greek Revival houses (ct. e.g. the Loring House, Form #113). By 1871
the property, with the old house and ane-two outbuildings on it, belonged to HKW Andrews. He was
a builder, and constructed many houses in Marlborough, as well as some sections of the I.A. Frye
Shoe factory (see Form #116).

By 1879 C. Linus Bliss owned the property, and was using the outbuildings to manufacture cigars, a
business which he began in 1870. Over the years his two sons, Benjamin and Charles, were also
involved in the business, and it was Charles Bliss who inherited or acquired both the cigar business
and the property, probably with this newer house on it, upon his father's death. He was still here in
1909, advertising the production of the "famous B & H Cigar."

After a period of use as an auto repair shop early in this century, the barn and other outbuildings
were tom down, but the property still has its long, narrow dimensions, extending nearly through to
Vine Street.

BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or REFERENCES [J see continuation sheet


Bigelow.
Maps and Atlases: Walling: 1871; Walker: 1889; Sanborns.
Marlborough directories.
Marlborough Enterprise. 2/21/1889.

[ X] Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If checked, a completed
National Register Criteria Statement form is attached.
Massachusetts Historical Commission Community Property Address
80 Boylston Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Marlborough 165 East Main Street

Area(s) Form No(s).

J 201

National Register of Historic Places Criteria Statement Form

Check all that apply:

[ ] Individually eligible [ ] Eligible only in a historic district


[x] Contributing to a potential historic district [] Potential historic district

Criteria: [x] A [] B [x] C [] D

Criteria Considerations: [] A [] B [] C [] D [] E [] F [] G

Statement of Significance by __ F_o_r_b_es_I_S_ch_u_l_e_r _


The criteria that are checked in the above sections must be justified here.

The C. Linus. Bliss House meets Criteria A and C of the National Register as part of an East
Main Street district. Although the house is of ca. 1888 date, new for this area, the property has
an long association with manufacturing beginning with an early shoe shop located on the
property followed by a carpenter shop and later the manufacture of cigars by Bliss. The East
Main Street area is significant for its association with early shoe manufacturing. Chipman's
Corner (later Middlesex Square) and the East Main Street area were the location of many of
the early shoe shops and housing for shoe manufacturers. The property retains integrity of
location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association.