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Uploaded by Jeff Jassen Ordeniza Casinillo

Building a three-dimensional Dome

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Casinillo

BSED-MATH3V1

Build a Dome

Geodesic domes are elegant and

sophisticated structures. Lightweight

and strong, they make very efficient

use of materials. They are an ideal

structure for use in remote areas like

the Arctic. Some day we may even

see dome structures on the moon or

covering cities.

This project supports the structures and

mechanisms component of the science

and technology curriculum in many provinces and states. Curriculum

expectations often include constructing a geodesic dome or shell structure.

Geodesic domes demonstrate tension and compression in a unique structure.

You can construct a geodesic dome out of a variety of materials, this dome is

constructed of paper. Use the design concepts outlined here to construct

domes of different sizes. Try materials like Bristol board, corrugated

cardboard, plywood even ice!

Geodesic domes, popularized by Buckminister Fuller, incorporate the

structural integrity of triangles into the inherent strength of a dome or shell

structure. The following are the instructions for constructing

a geodesic dome with a diameter of 50 cm.

Start by producing accurate drawings of the triangles shown below, you need

30 of the B-A-B triangles and 10 of the A-A-A triangles. These triangular

building units are called elements. You must create these triangles accurately,

the dimensions shown are very important. Use a compass and ruler . Note

that the dimensions A and B, are the lengths of the sides of the triangles, the

glue tabs are extra.

BSED-MATH3V1

Triangle B-A-B is isosceles.

This is an excellent

exercise in geometry! Work with ruler, compass and pencil to create

precision technical drawings of each

triangular element.

After drawing one of each triangle, photo copy

enough to create the dome. Most types of paper

are

suitable.

Use two colours of paper, one colour for the AA-A

triangles, another for the B-A-B triangles. Colour

coding makes construction easier and makes your dome more dramatic.

Cut out the triangles and carefully fold along the tab

lines. A crisp fold is important.

Join 5 of the A-B-B triangles to create a pentagon. Do

this by gluing the "B" edges together using the glue

tabs. Glue sticks are fine for this project.

Make sure that the "A" sides of the triangles form the

outside of the pentagon.

A completed

the image on the left.

center. Create 5 more

Note that it is raised in the

pentagons.

Create a circular base for your

dome by cutting a 75 cm diameter

circle from cardboard.

Draw a 50 cm diameter circle in the

center of the base. Cut a 25 cm

BSED-MATH3V1

This allows access to the interior of

the dome.

Important: Carefully draw a series of

chords around the circle. Each chord

is "A" in length.

For our 50 cm dome A = 15.45 cm. Align these chords so that 10 of them fit

perfectly around the circle.

These lines indicate where to place the base of each triangle.

Join two pentagons by gluing one of the "A-A-A" triangles

between them.

Add another triangle as shown.

base. The edge of

one of the

Continue adding

with glue.

each triangular element aligns with

chords.

pentagons and triangles, joining them

Glue equilateral ( A - A - A ) triangles between pentagons

on top.

Glue final

pentagon on top.

is finally complete!

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