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Page 1 of 6

1. Find a vector in the direction of vector

2. Find

4. Find the projection of the vector

5. If

7. Find the value of if + 2 + k and 5 - 9 + 2k are perpendicular .

8. If

10. Write the vector equation and the direction ratio of the line

11. Cartesian equations of a line AB are:-

12. Write the position vector of a point dividing the line segment joining points A and B with position

Vectors

13. If

14. If

and

= 2j+2 k b = 3i 5k find

are perpendicular .

16. Find the Cartesian and vector equations of a line which passes through the point (1,2,3) and is

parallel to the line

17. Find the unit vector perpendicular to the vectors a = i + 3j + 4k and b = 2i j 3k.

18. What is the value of i ( j x k ) + j ( k x i ) + k ( i x j ) ?

20. Find a vector of magnitude 9 units, which is perpendicular to both the vectors

22. If a, b, and c are unit vectors such that

23. Find the value of x for which

.

, then find the Value of

is a unit vector.

24. Find the direction cosines of a line that makes equal angle with the coordinate axes

25. Find the angle between two vectors

with magnitude

26. Find

27. Find

28. Find the scalar components of a unit vector which is perpendicular to the vectors

.

30. If

is a unit vector

32. Find the angle made by the vector i 4j + 8k with the z axis.

33. Find the position vector of a point R which divides the line joining the points P(i + 2j k) and Q(-i + j + k)

in the ratio 2 : 1 externally.

34. A line makes angles 60 and 45 with x and y-axis respectively. Find the angle which it makes with z-axis.

and

36. The equation of a line 3x + 1 = 6y 2 = 1 z. Find the d.rs and d.cs of the line

37. Find the equation of line which passes through the point (1, -1, 2) and parallel to to

38. Find angle betweenlines r= 4i 3j + k+ (3i + 2j + 6k)andr = 8i 2k + (i + 2j + 2k)

39. If

40. If

42. If a, b, and c are unit vectors such that

43. Find the value of x for which

.

, then find the Value of

is a unit vector.

44. Find the direction cosines of a line that makes equal angle with the coordinate axes

45. Find the angle between two vectors

with magnitude

46. Find

47. Find

48. Find the scalar components of a unit vector which is perpendicular to the vectors

.

50. If

is a unit vector

52. Find the angle made by the vector i 4j + 8k with the z axis.

53. Find the position vector of a point R which divides the line joining the points P(i + 2j k) and Q(-i + j + k)

in the ratio 2 : 1 externally.

54. A line makes angles 60 and 45 with x and y-axis respectively. Find the angle which it makes with z-axis.

and

56. The equation of a line 3x + 1 = 6y 2 = 1 z. Find the d.rs and d.cs of the line

57. Find the equation of line which passes through the point (1, -1, 2) and parallel to to

58. Find angle betweenlines r= 4i 3j + k+ (3i + 2j + 6k)andr = 8i 2k + (i + 2j + 2k)

59. If

60. If

Vectors-3D-Lines (4-Marks )

Page 4 of 6

1. If

respectively are collinear

3. If the sum of two unit vectors is a unit vector, Prove that the magnitude of their difference is

respectively, form the vertices of a right angled

triangle.

5. If a unit vector

makes angles

components of

and

6. Let

and each one of them being perpendicular to the sum of other two, Find

7. Find the area of the parallelogram whose adjacent sides are determined by the vectors

9. If

10. If vectors

(a.b+b.c+c.a)

11. Find the vector of magnitude 5 units which is perpendicular to both the vectors

13. Show that area of parallelogram having diagonals (3i + j 2k) and (i 3j + 4k) is 5 3 sq unit.

14. Find the shortest distance between the lines, whose equations are

15. Find shortest distance between the lines r = i + j + (2i j + k), r = 2i + j k + (3i 5j + 2k)

16. If

.

17. By computing the shortest distance, determine whether the following pair of lines intersect or not:

18. d1 and d2 are the diagonals of a parallelogram with sides a and b.Express a and b in terms of d1 and

d2 and find the area of the parallelogram ;d1 = i + 2 j + 3 k ;d2 = 3 i - 2 j + k

19. Find the shortest distance between the following pairs of line r = (1 t ) i + ( t 2 ) j + ( 3 + 2t ) k

and r = ( s + 1) i + ( 2s 1) j + ( 2s + 1 ) k.

20. Find the equations of the line through the intersection of the lines

and

and parallel to the line

Vectors-3D-Lines (4-Marks)

Page 5 of 6

21. If A,B,C,D are four points in space prove that AB x CD + BC x AD + CA x BD = 4 (Area

ABC)

22. If and , and find angle between

24. If with reference to a right handed system of mutually perpendicular unit vectors

and

Express

in the form

where

, we have

,is parallel to

is perpendicular to

vector.

27. Find image of the point (1,0,2) in the line passing through (2,1,3) and perpendicular to the lines

and

are at right angle.

29. . If

30. If

31. If

Find a vector

which is perpendicular to

32. Find the unit vector perpendicular to the plane ABC, where the position vectors of A, B & C are 2i

j + k, 3 i + j + 2 k & - 2 j + 3 k respectively.

33. Dot product of a vector with the vector i + j - 3 k , i + 3 k - 2 k and 2 i + j + 4 k are 0, 5 and 8

respectively.find vector.

34. find the shortest distance between the lines

( 2 s - 1 ) j -( 2 s + 1) k

=(1 - t ) i + (t - 2) j + ( 3 - 2 t ) k and r = ( s + 1 ) i +

35. find the equation of the line passing through the point(1,2,3) and parpendicular to lines

and

36. The scalar product of the vector i + j + k with a unit vector along the sum of vectors 2i + 2j 5k

and i + 2j + 3k is equal to one. Find the value of .

37. If a x b = c xd =, a x c = b xd, show that (a d) is parallel to (b c).

equation of the plane containing the line and the point (1, 2, 3).

39. Determine whether or not the following pair of lines intersect. If these intersect, then find the point

of intersection, otherwise obtain the shortest distance between them: r = i + j k + (3 i j ) and r

=4ik+(2i+3k)

40. Find the foot of perpendicular from the point (0, 2, 7) on the line

41. Find the equations of line passing through (3, 4, 7) and perpendicular to the lines

42. Show that the lines intersect each other: r = -i 3j 5k + (3i + 5j + 7k) and r = 2i + 4j + 6k + (i + 3j +

5k)

43. Find the shortest distance between the lines given by and

erpendicular.

plane containing the line and the point (1,2,3)

the plane containing the lines. PROVE SD=0

be such that

such that

is a unit vector

50. If

51. Find the coordinate of the foot of perpendicular drawn from the point(1,2,1) to the line joining the points

(1,4,6) and (5,4,4).

52. Find image of the point (0, 2, 3) in the line r= j+2k + ( i+2j+3k).

53. If

54. Find the equation of line which passes through the point (1, -1, 2) and parallel to

.Also find the distance between the two parallel lines

55. Find the shortest distance between the lines given by

56. Find the angle between the diagonals of a cube.

57. Find the area of a triangle whose vertices are (-1,2,3),(3,4,-5) and (2,0,5)

58. Show that axb+bxc+cxa is perpendicular to the plane of ABC

This is the easiest topic for students .All you need is practice .It contributes to about 12 marks to the whole

syllabus .

Following formulae may be used:-

Properties of determinants :1. The value of a determinant remains unchanged if its rows and columns are interchanged.

2. The sign of value of a determinant is changed if its any two rows or columns are interchanged.

3. The value of a determinant is zero if its any two rows or columns are identical.

4. If a determinant is multiplied by a scalar (number) , its only one row or column gets multiplied by

that constant.

5. If any two row or column of a determinant are proportional, its value becomes zero.

6. If all elements of a row or column are expressed as sum of two or more elements ,the whole of the

determinant can be expressed in sum of two or more determinants.

7. If some multiple of one row or column is added or subtracted to another row or

column(elementwise) , 1 its value remains unchanged.

Tips to solve properties based problems:1. If a determinant is of nth order ,we can apply only n-1 propertis at a time to it.

2. The format of application of properties is :- Row affected Row affected n (Row used) Ex.

3. The format for interchanging Rows or columns :4. You can never multiply a number to Row affected, it is always multiplied to Row used.

5. First always try to make elements of any one row or column identical so that you could take out

common from that row or column. It makes all the elements of that Row or column unity(1) and

then you make at the most two elements of that row or columns zero (0).Now expand that the

determinant by that row or column.

Ex-

We shall apply

and

Expand by R1

6. Check the part which is required to prove ,try to take out common the factors which are given in the

part.

Ex.

Here the first factor is (a-b) ,we can obtain it by R1 - R2 .Another factor is b-c which we can obtain

by R2 - R3

Important questions are:-

1. Find x,y,z if

2. If

= Show that

Page 2 of 3

5. Usining properties of determinants,prove that:

6. If

8. If A =

10. If

AB=0.

11. Let

,Verify that

12. If

14. If

15. Find B if

16. Find

17. Express

, find a and b such that A2 + aI = bA such that where I is unit matrix of order 2.

20. If

the solution.

for which given homogeneous system of equations have non trival solution. Also find

23. If

24. If

following system of equations:

26. For what value of a and b, the following system of equations is consistent?

Bt - BayesTheorem;

Pdt -Probability Distribution

Bd - Binomial Distribution

1. In a factory which manufactures bolts, machine A, B and C manufacture respectively 25%, 35% and 40%

of the bolts. Of their outputs 5, 4 and 2 percent are respectively defective bolts. A bolt is drawn at random

from the product and is found to be defective. What is the probability that it is manufactured by machine

B?--BT

2. A man is known to speak truth 3 out of 4 times. He throws a die and reports that it is a six. Find the

probability that it us actually six.BT

3. An insurance company insured 2000 scooter drivers, 4000 car drivers and 6000 truck drivers. The

probability of an accident is 0.01, 0.03 and 0.15 respectively. One of the insured persons meets with an

accident. What is the probability that he is a scooter driver?BT

4. A card from the pack of 52 cards is lost. From the remaining cards of the pack, two cards are drawn and are

found to be both diamonds. Find the probability of lost card being

i) diamond

ii) spadeBT

5. A company has two plants to manufacture scooters. Plant I manufacture 70% of the scooters and plant II

manufacture 30%. At plant I, 80% of the scooters are rated as of standard quality and at plant II, 90% of

the scooters are rated as of standard quality. A scooter is chosen at random and is found to be of standard

quality. What is the probability that it has come from plant II. BT

6. There are 3 bags each containing 5 white balls and 3 black balls. Also there are 2 bags each containing 2

white balls and 4 black balls. A white ball is drawn at random. Find the probability that this white ball is

from the bag of first group. BT

7. In a competitive examination, an examinee either guesses or copies or knows the answer to a multiple

choice question with four choices. The probability that he makes a guess 1/3 is and probability that he

copies the answer is 1/6 . The probability that the answer is correct is, given that he copied it is 1/8 . Find

the probability that he knows the answer to the squestion, given that he correctly answered the question.

BT

8. Find the probability distribution of number of doublets in three throws of a pair of dice.

9. Let X denotes the number of hours you study during a randomly selected school day. The probability that

X can take a value x has the following form, where k is some unknown constant :

a. Find the value of k.

b. What is the probability that you study at least two hours? Exactly two hours? At most two hours? PDT

10. The random variable X has probability distribution P(X) of the following form, where k is some number:

2. PDT

11. Two cards are drawn simultaneously (or successively without replacement) from a well shuffled pack of 52

cards. Find the mean, variance and standard deviation of the number of kings. PDT

12. Two dice are thrown simultaneously. If X denotes the number of sixes, find the expectation of X PDT OR

BD

13. Let X denotes the sum of numbers obtained when two fair dice are rolled. Find the variance and standard

deviation of X. PDT OR BD

14. In a meeting, 70% of the members favour 30% members oppose a certain proposal. A member is selected

at random and we take X = 0 if he opposed, and X = 1 if he is in favour. Find E(X) and Var(X). PDT

15. 15. Find the probability distribution of number of heads when three coins are tossed. Also find the mean

number of heads in the above case. PDT OR BD

16. A pair of dice is thrown 4 times. If getting a doublet is considered a success. Find the probability of two

successes. PDT OR BD

17. There are 5% defective items in a large bulk of items. What is probability that a sample of 10 items will not

include more than one defective item. BD

18. A fair coin is tossed 10 times. Find the probability of

a. Exactly six heads.

b. At least six heads

c. At most six heads. BD

20. Five dice are thrown simultaneously. If the occurrence of an even number in a single dice is considered a

success. Find the probability of getting at most 3 successes. BD

21. An unbiased dice is thrown three times. Getting 3 or 5 is considered as success. Find the probability of at

least two successes. BD

22. An urn contains seven white, 5 black and 3 red balls. Two balls are drawn at random.

Find the probability that :

i. Both the balls are red.

ii. One ball is red and other is black.

iii. One ball is white.

23. 3 cards are drawn at random from a pack of well shuffled 52 cards. Find the probability that :

i. All the three cards are of same suit.

ii. One is a king; the other is a queen and third is a jack.

24. There are two bags I and II. Bag I contains 3 white and 2 red balls, bag II contains2 white and 4 red balls.

A ball is transferred from bag I to bag II (without seeing its colour) and then ball is drawn from bag II.

Find the probability of getting a red ball.

25. Bag I contains 3 red and 4 black balls and bag II contains 4 red and 5 black balls. One ball is transferred

from bag I to bag II and then a ball is drawn from bag II. The ball so drawn is found to be red in colour.

Find the probability that the transferred ball is black. BT

26. A problem in mathematics is given to three students whose chances of solving it are 1/2, 1/3, 1/4 . What is

the probability in the following cases

i) the problem is solved

ii) Only one of them solves it correctly.

27. Five dice are thrown simultaneously . If the occurrence of an even number is considered as a success ,

find the probability of at most 3 successes BD

28. A laboratory blood test is 99% effective in detecting a certain disease when it is in fact present . However

the test also yields a false positive result for 0.5% of the healthy person tested (i.e. if a healthy person is

tested then with probability 0.005, the test will imply that he has the disease. If 0.1 percent of the

population actually has the disease , What is the probability that a person has the disease given that the test

result is positive ? BT

29. A pair of dice is thrown 4 times. If getting a doublet is considered a success, find the probability

distribution of number of succeses. PDT

30. If E and F are independent events prove that E and F are independent.

31. If a machine is correctly set up, it produces 90% acceptable items. If it is incorrectly set up, it produces

only 40% acceptable items. Past experience shows that 80% of the set ups are correctly done. If after a

certain set up, the machine produces 2 acceptable items, find the probability that the machine is correctly

set up. BT-NOTE THE 2.SEE TEXT BOOK EXAMPLE SUM

32. Let x denote a number of collages where you will apply after your results and P( X = x ) denote your

probability of getting admission in x number of collage it is given that

(i) Find the value of K

(ii) What is the probability that you will get admission in exactly two collages

(iii) Find the mean & variance of probability distributions.

k is positive constant

33. If A and B are independent events then prove that A and B are also independent events

34. From a lot of 30 bulbs which include 6 defectives, a sample of 4 bulbs is drawn at random with

replacement. Find the probability distribution of the number of defective bulbs.

35. In a test, and examinee either guesses or copies or knows the answer to a multiple choice question with 4

choices, the probability that he makes a guess is 1/3 and the probability that he copies the answer is 1/6. the

probability that his answer is correct, given that he copied it is 1/8. Find the probability that he knew the

answer to the question. BT

36. Two cards are drawn successively with replacement from a well-shuffled pack of 52 cards .find the

probability distribution of the number of aces .find its mean and standard deviation.

37. In shuffling a pack of 52 playing cards, four are accidentally dropped .find chance that missing cards

should be one from each suit.

38. If P(A) = 0.2, P(B) = 0.3 and P (A U B ) = 0.4, where a & b are two events associated with a random

experiment. Find P (A B) and P(A / B)

39. A bag contains 3 white, 4 red and 5 black balls. Two balls are drawn one after the other without

replacement. Find the probability that of the two drawn balls, one is white and the other is black.

40. Two dice are throw together. What is the probability that the sum of the number on the two faces is

divisible by 3 or 4?

41. A and B appear for an interview for two posts. The Probability of As selection is 1/3 and that of Bs

selection is 2/5 . Find the probability that only one of themwillselected.

42. Three bags contains 5W, 8R; 7W,6R;6W,5R balls respectively. One ball is drawn from each bag at random.

Find the probability that the three balls drawn are same colour.

43. A & B through a die alternately till one of them gets a 6 and wins the games. Find their respective

probabilities of winning if A starts first.

44. A bag contains 5white, 7red & 8 black balls. If 4 balls are drawn one by one with replacement. Find the

probability distribution of the number of red ball drawn.

45. A bag contains 4 white and 2 black balls, and another bag contains 3white and 5 black balls. If one ball is

drawn from each bag, find the probability that one is white and one is black.

46. A problem is given to three students whose chances of solving it are 1/2, 1/3, what is the probability that

the problem will be solved.

47. There are two bags A and B. Bag A contains 3 white and 2 red balls. Bag B contains 2 white and 4 red

balls. A ball is transferred from Bag A to Bag B without seeing its colour and then a ball is drawn from Bag

B. Find the probability of getting a redball.

48. Three bad articles are mixed with 7 good ones. Find the probability distribution of the number of bad

articles, if three articles are drawn at random.

49. A bag contains 3 red, 4 black and 2 green balls. Two balls are drawn at random from the bag. Find the

probability that both balls are at different colours.

50. A pair of dice is rolled. Find the probability of getting a doublet or sum of numbers to be at least 20..

51. Two cards are drawn successively (without replacement) from a well shuffled pack of playing cards. Find

the probability distribution of number of spades.

52. A bag contains 3 red, 4 black and 2 green balls. Two balls are drawn at random fromthe bag. Find the

probability that both balls are of different colours.

53. A bag contains 3 red, 4 black and 2 green balls. Two balls are drawn at random from the bag. Find the

probability that both balls are of different colours.

54. A pair of dice is rolled. Find the probability of getting a doublet or sum of number to be at least 10.

55. Two cards are drawn from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards without replacement. Find the probability that

one of the two cards is an ace & the other a queen.

56. A problem of mathematics is given to 3 students whose chances of solving it are 1/2,1/3, 1/4. What is the

probability that problem is solved?

57. A bag contains 5 white and 3 black balls. Another bag contains 4 white and 5 black balls. A bag is selected

at random and two balls are drawn from it. Find The probability that both balls are of different colours.

58. Two cards are drawn from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards without replacement. Find the probability that

one of the two cards in an ace and the other a queen of opposite shade

59. There are two bags I and II. Bag I contains 3 white and 2 red balls, bag II contains 2 white and 4 red balls.

A ball is transferred from bag I to bag II (without seeing its colour) and then a ball is drawn from bag II.

Find the probability of getting a red ball.

60. Two cards are drawn successively (with replacement) from a well shuffled pack of playing cards. Find the

Probability distribution of number of speeds.

61. Two dice are thrown together, what is the probability that sum of the number on the two faces is neither 9

nor 11?

62. A bag contains 4 yellow and 5 red balls and another bag contains 6 yellow and 4 red balls. A ball is taken

out from the first bag and, without seeing its colour, is put in the second bag. Find the probability that if

now a ball is drawn from the second bag, it is yellow in colour

63. A bag contains 5 white, 7red and 4black balls. If four balls are drawn one by one with replacement, what is

the probability that none is white? BD PUT R=0

64. A pair of dice is thrown 6 times. If getting a total of 7 is considered a success. Find the probability of

getting at most 5 success. BD---R< =5

65. The mean and variance of a bionomial distribution 4/3 and 8/9 respectively. Find the probability

distribution.

66. If the sum of the mean and variance of a binomial distribution for 6 trial be 10/3 , Find the distribution.

67. Three urns A, B, and C contain 6 red & 4 white 2red and 6 white balls. respectively An urn is drawn at

random and a ball is drawn. If the ball drawn is found to be red. Find the probability that the ball was

drawn from urn A. BT

68. A bag contains five white and three black balls. Four balls are successively drawn without replacement.

What is the probability that they are alternatively of different colors

69. Two cards are drawn successively without replacement from a well shuffled pack of playing cards. Find

the probability distribution of number of spades.

70. A bag contains 3 red, 4 black and 2 green balls. Two balls are drawn at random from thebag. Find the

Probability that both the balls are of different colours.

71. Find the Probability that in a random arrangement of the letters of word MATHEMATICS the vowels

occur together

72. A die is thrown ten times. If getting a prime number is considered a success. Find The probability of

getting not more then 8 successive. BD

73. A man is known to speak truth 4 out of a 5times. He throws a pair of dice and reports that it is a doublet.

Find the probability that it is actually a doublet. BT

74. A and B are two events such that P(A)=0.42, P(B)=0.48 and P(A and B) = 0.16. Determine P(AorB).

75. A bag contain 7 green , 4 white and 5 red balls. If four balls are drawn one by one with replacement . What

is the probability that none is red. BT-----R=0

76. A purse contains 2 silver and 4 copper coins. A second purse contains 4 silver and 3 copper coins.A coin is

pulled out at random from one of the two purses. What is the probability that it is a silvercoin.

77. Find the probability distributation of the random variable which equals the number of heads obtained when

3 coins are tossed

78. A football match may be either won , drawn or lost by the host countrys team ,show there are three ways

of for casting the result at any one match one correct and two incorrect. Find the probabilities of for at least

there correct result for four matches

79. A man is known to speak truth 3 out of 4 times he thrown a die and report that it is a six find probability

that it is actually a six . BT

80. In a game a man wins a rupee for a six and loses for any other number when a fair die is thrown. The man

decided to throw a die thrice but to quit as and when he gets six. Find the expected value of the amount he

wins/ loses. PDT

81. A pair of dice is thrown twice. If the random variable X is defined as the number of doublets, find the

probability distribution of X. Also find the mean and variance for above distribution.

82. Suppose that the reliability of HIV test is specified as follows: Of the people having HIV, 90% of the test

detect the disease but 10% go undetected. Of people free of HIV, 90% of the test are judged HIV ive but

1% are diagnosed as showing HIV +ive. From a large population of which only 0.1% have HIV, one

person is selected at random, given the HIV test, and the pathologist reports him/her as HIV +ive. What is

the probability that the person actually has HIV? BT

83. A letter is known to have come either from LONDON or CLIFTON. On the envelope just two consecutive

letters ON are visible. What is the probability that the letter has come from (i) LONDON (ii) CLIFTON.

BT

84. A and B throw a pair of die turn by turn. The first to throw 10 is awarded a prize. If B starts the game.

What is the probability that A is getting prize.

85. A manufacturer has three machine operators A,B and C. The first operator A produces 1% defective items,

where as the other two operators B and C produce 5% and 7% defective items respect$ively. A is on the job

for 50% of the item, B is on the job for 30% of the time and C is on the job for the remaining time .If a

defective item is produced, what is the probability that it was produced by A? BT

86. In an examination, 20 questions of true-false type are asked. Suppose a student tosses a fair coin to

determine his answer to each question. If the coin falls heads, he answers true, if it falls tails, he answers

false. Find the probability that he answers at least 12 questions correctly.

87. A die is thrown again and again until three sixes are obtained. Find the probability of obtaining the third six

in the sixth throw of the die.

88. The probability that a certain person will buy a shirt is 0.2, the probability that he will buy a the probability

that he will buy both a shirt and a trouser. Find also the probability that he will trouser is 0.3 and the

probability that he will buy a shirt given that he buys a trouser is 0.4. Find the probability that he buys a

trouser given that he buys a shirt.

89. Three persons A, B, throw a die in succession till one gets a six and wins the game. Find their respective

probabilities of winning, if A begins.

90. In a test, an examinee either guesses or copies or knows the answer to a multiple choice question with four

choices. The probability that he makes a guess is 1/3 and the probability that he copies the answer is 1/6.

The probability that his answer is correct given that he copied it is 1/8. Find the probability that he knows

the answer to the question, given that he correctly answered it. BT

91. Two balls are drawn at random with replacement from a box containing 10 black and 8 red balls. Find the

probability that

(i) both balls are red

(ii) one of them is black and the other is red.

92. In a hurdle race, a race player has to cross hurdles. The probability that he will be each hurdle is 4/5. What

is the probability that he will knock down fewer than 2 hurdles? BD

93. A bag X contains 2 white and 3 red balls and a bag Y contains 4 white and 5 red balls.Oneball is drawn at

random from one of the bag and is found to be red. Find the probability that it was drawn from bag Y. BT

94. A man is known to speak truth 3 out of 4 times. He throws a die and reports that it is a six.Find the

probability that it is actually a six. BT

95. In a binomial distribution, the sum of mean and variance of 5 trials is 3.75.Find the distribution.

96. Suppose that 80% of people are right handed. What is the probability that at most 6 of a random sample of

10 people are right handed? BD

97. Two cards are drawn successively with replacement from a well-shuffled of 52 cards. Find the P.D, mean

and variance for the number of kings. BD

98. Two cards are drawn without replacement from a well-shuffled of 52 cards. Find the P.D, mean and

variance for the number of aces. BD

99. An urn contains 5 red and 3 black balls. Find the P.D of the number of blue balls in a draw of 2 balls with

replacement.

100.

An insurance company insured 2000 scooters, 3000 car and 4000 track drivers. The probabilities of

their meeting with an accident are 0.04, 0.06 and 0.15 respectively. If one of person meets with an accident

then find the probability that he is a car driver.

101.

A bag contains 6 red and 7 blue balls and another bag contains 5 red and 4 blue balls. A ball is

drawn from the first bag and without noticing its color is put in the second bag. A ball is then drawn from

the second bag. Find the probability that the ball is drawn is blue in color.

102.

A speaks truth in 60% of the cases and B in 70% of the cases. In what percentages of cases they are

likely to (i) contradict each other (ii)agree with each other, in stating same fact?

103.

A problem in mathematics is given to three students whos chancing of solving it are 1/2, 1/3 and

1/4 respectively. What is the probability that the problem will be solved?

104.

A husband and wife appear in an interview for two vacancies in the same post. The probability of

husbands selection is 1/5 and that of wifes selection is 1/3. What is the probability that

(i) both are selected

(ii) only one is selected

(iii) none is selected

(iv) at least one selected?

105.

In a group, there are 3 women and 4 men. Three persons are selected at random from this group.

Find the probability that 2 women and 1 man or 1 woman and 2 men are selected.

106.

Two cards are drawn at random, without replacement from a pack of 52 cards, find the probability

that both the cards will be red.

107.

The probability that a student selected at random will pass in mathematics 2/3 and the probability

that he/she passes in mathematics and c.s is 1/5. What is the probability that he/she will pass in c.s if it is

known that he/she has passed in mathematics?

108.

Given P(A) = 1/2, P(B) = 1/3 and P(A U B) = 2/3. Are the events A and B independent?

109.

A pair of dice is thrown twice. If the random variable X is defined as the number of doublets, find

the probability distribution of X. Also find the mean and variance for above distribution.

110.

Suppose that the reliability of HIV test is specified as follows: Of the people having HIV, 90% of

the test detect the disease but 10% go undetected. Of people free of HIV, 90% of the test are judged HIV

ive but 1% are diagnosed as showing HIV +ive. From a large population of which only 0.1% have HIV,

one person is selected at random, given the HIV test, and the pathologist reports him/her as HIV +ive.

What is the probability that the person actually has HIV? BT

111.

A letter is known to have come either from LONDON or CLIFTON. On the envelope just two

consecutive letters ON are visible. What is the probability that the letter has come from (i) LONDON (ii)

CLIFTON. BT

112.

A and B throw a pair of die turn by turn. The first to throw 10 is awarded a prize. If B starts the

game. What is the probability that A is getting prize.

113.

A manufacturer has three machine operators A,B and C. The first operator A produces 1% defective

items, where as the other two operators B and C produce 5% and 7% defective items respect$ively. A is on

the job for 50% of the item, B is on the job for 30% of the time and C is on the job for the remaining

time .If a defective item is produced, what is the probability that it was produced by A? BT

114.

In an examination, 20 questions of true-false type are asked. Suppose a student tosses a fair coin to

determine his answer to each question. If the coin falls heads, he answers true, if it falls tails, he answers

false. Find the probability that he answers at least 12 questions correctly.

115.

A die is thrown again and again until three sixes are obtained. Find the probability of obtaining the

third six in the sixth throw of the die.

116.

The probability that a certain person will buy a shirt is 0.2, the probability that he will buy a the

probability that he will buy both a shirt and a trouser. Find also the probability that he will trouser is 0.3

and the probability that he will buy a shirt given that he buys a trouser is 0.4. Find the probability that he

buys a trouser given that he buys a shirt.

117.

Three persons A, B, throw a die in succession till one gets a six and wins the game. Find their

respective probabilities of winning, if A begins.

118.

In a test, an examinee either guesses or copies or knows the answer to a multiple choice question

with four choices. The probability that he makes a guess is 1/3 and the probability that he copies the

answer is 1/6. The probability that his answer is correct given that he copied it is 1/8. Find the probability

that he knows the answer to the question, given that he correctly answered it. BT

119.

Two balls are drawn at random with replacement from a box containing 10 black and 8 red balls.

Find the probability that

(i) both balls are red

(ii) one of them is black and the other is red.

120.

In a hurdle race, a race player has to cross hurdles. The probability that he will be each hurdle is

4/5. What is the probability that he will knock down fewer than 2 hurdles? BD

121.

A bag X contains 2 white and 3 red balls and a bag Y contains 4 white and 5 red balls.Oneball is

drawn at random from one of the bag and is found to be red. Find the probability that it was drawn from

bag Y. BT

122.

A man is known to speak truth 3 out of 4 times. He throws a die and reports that it is a six.Find the

probability that it is actually a six. BT

123.

In a binomial distribution, the sum of mean and variance of 5 trials is 3.75.Find the distribution.

124.

Suppose that 80% of people are right handed. What is the probability that at most 6 of a random

sample of 10 people are right handed? BD

125.

Two cards are drawn successively with replacement from a well-shuffled of 52 cards. Find the P.D,

mean and variance for the number of kings. BD

126.

Two cards are drawn without replacement from a well-shuffled of 52 cards. Find the P.D, mean and

variance for the number of aces. BD

127.

An urn contains 5 red and 3 black balls. Find the P.D of the number of blue balls in a draw of 2

balls with replacement.

128.

An insurance company insured 2000 scooters, 3000 car and 4000 track drivers. The probabilities of

their meeting with an accident are 0.04, 0.06 and 0.15 respectively. If one of person meets with an accident

then find the probability that he is a car driver.

129.

A bag contains 6 red and 7 blue balls and another bag contains 5 red and 4 blue balls. A ball is

drawn from the first bag and without noticing its color is put in the second bag. A ball is then drawn from

the second bag. Find the probability that the ball is drawn is blue in color.

130.

A speaks truth in 60% of the cases and B in 70% of the cases. In what percentages of cases they are

likely to (i) contradict each other (ii)agree with each other, in stating same fact?

131.

A problem in mathematics is given to three students whos chancing of solving it are 1/2, 1/3 and

1/4 respectively. What is the probability that the problem will be solved?

132.

A husband and wife appear in an interview for two vacancies in the same post. The probability of

husbands selection is 1/5 and that of wifes selection is 1/3. What is the probability that

(i) both are selected

(ii) only one is selected

(iii) none is selected

(iv) at least one selected?

133.

In a group, there are 3 women and 4 men. Three persons are selected at random from this group.

Find the probability that 2 women and 1 man or 1 woman and 2 men are selected.

134.

Two cards are drawn at random, without replacement from a pack of 52 cards, find the probability

that both the cards will be red.

135.

The probability that a student selected at random will pass in mathematics 2/3 and the probability

that he/she passes in mathematics and c.s is 1/5. What is the probability that he/she will pass in c.s if it is

known that he/she has passed in mathematics?

136.

Given P(A) = 1/2, P(B) = 1/3 and P(A U B) = 2/3. Are the events A and B independent?

137.

A pair of dice is thrown twice. If the random variable X is defined as the number of doublets, find

the probability distribution of X. Also find the mean and variance for above distribution.

138.

Suppose that the reliability of HIV test is specified as follows: Of the people having HIV, 90% of

the test detect the disease but 10% go undetected. Of people free of HIV, 90% of the test are judged HIV

ive but 1% are diagnosed as showing HIV +ive. From a large population of which only 0.1% have HIV,

one person is selected at random, given the HIV test, and the pathologist reports him/her as HIV +ive.

What is the probability that the person actually has HIV? BT

139.

A letter is known to have come either from LONDON or CLIFTON. On the envelope just two

consecutive letters ON are visible. What is the probability that the letter has come from (i) LONDON (ii)

CLIFTON. BT

140.

A and B throw a pair of die turn by turn. The first to throw 10 is awarded a prize. If B starts the

game. What is the probability that A is getting prize.

141.

A manufacturer has three machine operators A,B and C. The first operator A produces 1% defective

items, where as the other two operators B and C produce 5% and 7% defective items respect$ively. A is on

the job for 50% of the item, B is on the job for 30% of the time and C is on the job for the remaining

time .If a defective item is produced, what is the probability that it was produced by A? BT

142.

In an examination, 20 questions of true-false type are asked. Suppose a student tosses a fair coin to

determine his answer to each question. If the coin falls heads, he answers true, if it falls tails, he answers

false. Find the probability that he answers at least 12 questions correctly.

143.

A die is thrown again and again until three sixes are obtained. Find the probability of obtaining the

third six in the sixth throw of the die.

144.

The probability that a certain person will buy a shirt is 0.2, the probability that he will buy a the

probability that he will buy both a shirt and a trouser. Find also the probability that he will trouser is 0.3

and the probability that he will buy a shirt given that he buys a trouser is 0.4. Find the probability that he

buys a trouser given that he buys a shirt.

145.

Three persons A, B, throw a die in succession till one gets a six and wins the game. Find their

respective probabilities of winning, if A begins.

146.

In a test, an examinee either guesses or copies or knows the answer to a multiple choice question

with four choices. The probability that he makes a guess is 1/3 and the probability that he copies the

answer is 1/6. The probability that his answer is correct given that he copied it is 1/8. Find the probability

that he knows the answer to the question, given that he correctly answered it. BT

147.

Two balls are drawn at random with replacement from a box containing 10 black and 8 red balls.

Find the probability that

(i) both balls are red

(ii) one of them is black and the other is red.

148.

In a hurdle race, a race player has to cross hurdles. The probability that he will be each hurdle is

4/5. What is the probability that he will knock down fewer than 2 hurdles? BD

149.

A bag X contains 2 white and 3 red balls and a bag Y contains 4 white and 5 red balls.Oneball is

drawn at random from one of the bag and is found to be red. Find the probability that it was drawn from

bag Y. BT

150.

A man is known to speak truth 3 out of 4 times. He throws a die and reports that it is a six.Find the

probability that it is actually a six. BT

151.

In a binomial distribution, the sum of mean and variance of 5 trials is 3.75.Find the distribution.

152.

Suppose that 80% of people are right handed. What is the probability that at most 6 of a random

sample of 10 people are right handed? BD

153.

Two cards are drawn successively with replacement from a well-shuffled of 52 cards. Find the P.D,

mean and variance for the number of kings. BD

154.

Two cards are drawn without replacement from a well-shuffled of 52 cards. Find the P.D, mean and

variance for the number of aces. BD

155.

An urn contains 5 red and 3 black balls. Find the P.D of the number of blue balls in a draw of 2

balls with replacement.

156.

An insurance company insured 2000 scooters, 3000 car and 4000 track drivers. The probabilities of

their meeting with an accident are 0.04, 0.06 and 0.15 respectively. If one of person meets with an accident

then find the probability that he is a car driver.

157.

A bag contains 6 red and 7 blue balls and another bag contains 5 red and 4 blue balls. A ball is

drawn from the first bag and without noticing its color is put in the second bag. A ball is then drawn from

the second bag. Find the probability that the ball is drawn is blue in color.

158.

A speaks truth in 60% of the cases and B in 70% of the cases. In what percentages of cases they are

likely to (i) contradict each other (ii)agree with each other, in stating same fact?

159.

A problem in mathematics is given to three students whos chancing of solving it are 1/2, 1/3 and

1/4 respectively. What is the probability that the problem will be solved?

160.

A husband and wife appear in an interview for two vacancies in the same post. The probability of

husbands selection is 1/5 and that of wifes selection is 1/3. What is the probability that

(i) both are selected

(ii) only one is selected

(iii) none is selected

(iv) at least one selected?

161.

In a group, there are 3 women and 4 men. Three persons are selected at random from this group.

Find the probability that 2 women and 1 man or 1 woman and 2 men are selected.

162.

Two cards are drawn at random, without replacement from a pack of 52 cards, find the probability

that both the cards will be red.

163.

The probability that a student selected at random will pass in mathematics 2/3 and the probability

that he/she passes in mathematics and c.s is 1/5. What is the probability that he/she will pass in c.s if it is

known that he/she has passed in mathematics?

164.

Given P(A) = 1/2, P(B) = 1/3 and P(A U B) = 2/3. Are the events A and B independent?

165.

Find x if

166.

167.

168.

169.

If A = [1 2 3 4] and

170.

171.

172.

173.

If

174.

If A and B are matrices of the equal order and B is skew symmetric, then show that ABA is skew

symmetric.

175.

176.

177.

178.

179.

180.

Give an example of two non-zero matrices A and B of the same order 2x2 such that AB=0.

181.

is Skew-symmetric.

is singular.

182.

Show that the matrix BAB is symmetric or skew symmetric according as A is symmetric or skew

symmetric.

183.

184.

21. If A is 3x4 matrix and B is a matrix such that AB and BA are both defined, then find the order of matrix B

.

23. If A is an invertible matrix of order 2 and det (A) = 5, then find det ( A-1) .

24. Evaluate

25. If A and B are symmetric matrices of same order. Prove that AB-BA is skew symmetric matrix.

is singular.

27. If A and B are symmetric matrices then show that AB-BA will be skew-symmetric.

28. If be singular matrix, then find then find the value of x ?

29. If

30. If

A and B are two matrices such that AB =A and BA = B then what is value of B2.

is additive inverse of

. Find x, y, z and t .

31. Construct 3x2 matrix If A = [aij] where aij = { i+j, if i > j ; i-j, if i< j }.

33. If

35.

is not invertible.

38. If A is a square matrix such that A2 = A. Find the value of (I+A)3 7A.

40. If a matrix is both is symmetric and skew symmetric, then show that it is a null matrix.

41. If B is a skew symmetric, write whether the matrix (ABA ) is symmetric or skew symmetric.

43. If

is this?

47. Using elementary row transformation find the inverse of the matrix

49. If

57. If

60. If a,b,c are in A.P then find the value of the determinant

61. If

.

is negative.

..

27. If A=

and I=

28. If

constant.

29. If

33. Let

is independent of .

36.

38.

39.

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

2. If

y = 3, 2x +3y +4z = 17, y+2z =7

3. Solve the following system of equations by matrix method : 5x-7y+z =11 , 6x-8y-z =15 and 3x+2y6z =7.

4. Given that

find BA. Use product solve the system of

equations x y + z = 4, x 2y 2z = 9, 2x + y + 3z = 1

5. Solve the following system of equations by matrices: 2/x + 3/y + 10/z = 4 ; 6/x + 9/y 20/z = 2 ;

4/x 5/y + 5/z = 1

6. Given that

2z = 9, 2x + y + 3z = 1

7. If

find A-1 and solve the following system of equations 2x 3y + 5z = 11, 3x +

2y 4z = -5, x + y - 2z = - 3.

8. If

2x+3y+2z=2, 3x-3y-4z=11

12. If

Find A-1 and hence solve the system of linear equation: 3x+4y+7z=14, 2xy+3z=4, x+2y-3z=0.

13. If

14. If

15. Classify the following system of equations as consistent or inconsistent. If consistent solve it. x y

+ 3z = 6, x + 3y 3z = 4 and 5x + 3y + 3z = 10

Page 1 of 6

1. If a line y = x + 1 is a tangent to the curve y2= 4x ,find the point the of contact ?

2. Find the point on the curve y = 2x2 6x 4 at which the tangent is parallel to the x axis

3. Find the slope of tangent for y = tan x + sec x at x = /4

4. Show that the function f(x) == x3 6x2 +12x -99 is increasing for all x.

5. Find the maximum and minimum values, if any of

6. For the curve y = 3x + 4x, find the slope of the tangent to the curve at the point x = -2.

8. Find a, for which f(x) = a(x+sinx)+a is increasing .

9. The side of a square is increasing at 4 cm/minute. At what rate is the area increasing when the side

is 8 cm long?

10. Find the point on the curve y =x2-7x+12, where the tangent is parallel to x-axis.

Differentiability Applications (4 Mark)

Page 2 of 6

1. Find the intevals in which the function f(x) = 2log(x-2) - x2 + 4x + 1is increasing or decreasing.

2. Find the intervals in which the function f ( x ) = x3 - 6x2 + 9x + 15 is

(i) increasing

(ii) decreasing.

3. Find the equation of the tangent line to the curve x = + sin, y = 1+cos a=/4

4. Prove that

6. A water tank has the shape of an inverted right circular cone with its axis vertical and vertex lower

most. Its semi vertical angle is

. Water is poured into it at a constant rate of 5 cubic meter

per minute. Find the rate at which the level of the water is rising at the instant when the depth of

water in the tank is 10m. Find the point on the curve y =x-7x+12, where the tangent is parallel to

x-axis.

7. Discuss applicability Rolles Theorem for the function f(x) = cosx + sinx in [0,2 ] and hence find a

point at which tangent is parallel to X axis.

8. Verify Lagranges mean value theorem for the function f(x) = x + 1/x in [1,3].

9. Find the intervals in which f(x) = sinx + cosx , o x 2 , is increasing or decreasing.

10. Use differentials to find the approximate value of 25.2

11. Find the interval in which the function given by f(x)= (4sinx 2x x cosx) / (2+cos x) is

increasing.

12. Find the local maximum & local minimum value of function x3 12x2 + 36x 4

13. For the curve y = 4x3 - 2x5, find all the points at which the tangent passes throughthe origin.

14. Show that the curves 2x = y2 and 2xy = k cut at right angles if k2 = 8.

15. Find the interval in which the function f(x)= 2x3 -9x2 -24x-5 is Increasing or decreasing.

16. Find the interval in which the function is increasing or decreasing.

17. Prove that the curves x = y and xy = k cut at right angle if 8k2 = 1.

18. If f(x) = 3x + 15x + 5, then find the approximate value of f(3.02), using diffrentials.

19. Find the local maximum and minimum values of function: f(x) = sin 2x x,-/2 < x < /2

20. Find the interval in which f(x) =sin 3x is increasing or decreasing in [0, /2].

Page 3 of 6

21. A ladder 5m. long is leaning against a wall . The bottom of the ladder is pulled along the ground,

away from the wall at the rate of 2 m./sec. How fast is its height decreasing on the wall,when the

foot of the ladder is 4 m away from the wall.

22. Show that the function f given by f(x) = tan-1(sinx+cosx), is strictly decreasing function on (/4,/2)

23. Find the equation of the tangents to the curve y = 3x-2 which is parallel to the line 4x-2y+5=0.

24. Find the intervals in which the function f(x) = x3+1/ x3 increasing or decreasing.

25. Verify Rolles theorem for the function f(x)=x3+2x-8 ,

26. Find the equation of the tangent and normal to the parabola y2 = 4 a x at ( at2, 2at).

27. Using LMVT, find a point on the parabola y = ( x 3 )2 , where the tangent is parallel to the chord

(3,0) and (4,1).

28. Verify Rolles theorem for f (x) = x3- 2x2- x + 3 in [0,1] .

29. Find the intervals in which f(x) = x3+ 2x21 decreasing or increasing

30. It is given for the function of defines by f(x)=x3+ bx2ax,

31. Find the intervals in which f(x) = - 2 x3+15x2- 36x + 1 is increasing or decreasing.

32. Show that the parabola y2 = 4 x + 4 & y2 = 4 - 4 x intersect at right angle.

33. Find the interval in which the function f is given by f(x)=sinx-cosx,o x 2

(i) Increasing

(ii) Decreasing.

34. It is given that for the function f given by f(x)=x3+ bx2ax

35. Find the equation of the tangent and normal to the curve: x = acost +at sint , y = asint - atcot at any

point t. Also show that the normal to the Curve is at a constants distance from the origin.

36. Using differentiate find approximate value of 51.

37. The surface area of a spherical bubble is increasing at the rate of 2m/sec. Find the rate of at which

the volume of the bubble is increasing at the instant its radius is 6cm.

38. Prove that x/a + y/b = 1 is a tangent to the curve y = be-x/a at the point where the curve cuts y-axis.

39. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve x + 3y 3 = 0, which is perpendicular to the line y =

4x 5.

40. Find the approximate change in the volume V of cube of side x mts caused by increasing the side 2

%.

41. Find the intervals in which the function f(x) = 2x - 15x + 36x + 1 is strictly increasing and decreasing.

Also find the points on which the tangents are || to the x-axis.

42. Find the equations of the tangent and normal to the curve 16x + 9y = 144 at (2, y1 > 0). Also find the

point of intersection where both tangent and normal meet the x-axis.

43. A particle moves along 3y = 2x + 3. Find the points on the curve at which the y-coordinate changes twice

as fast as x-coordinate.

44. Find the point on the parabola y = (x 3) where the tangent is parallel to chord joining the points (3, 0)

and (4, 1).

45. The volume of a sphere is increasing at 3cm3/ s. what will be the rate at which the radius increases when

radius is 2 cm

46. Verify Rolles theorem for the function f(x) = x2-5x+6 in the interval [2, 3].

47. Water is leaking from a conical funnel at the rate of 5cm3/Sec. If the radius of the base of funnel is 5 cm

and height 10cm find the rate at which is water level dropping when it is 2.5 cm from the top.

48. The length x of a rectangle is decreasing at the rate of 2cm/s and the width y is increasing at the rate of

2cm/s. when x=12 cm and y=5cm, find the rate of change of

(a) the perimeter and

(b) the area of the rectangle.

49. Using differential, find the appropriate value of 329

50. Sand is being poured at the rate of 0.3 m3/sec into a conical pile. If the height of the conical pile is thrice

the radius of the base, Find the rate of change of height when the pile is 5cm high.

51. Verify the condition of Mean Value Theorem and find a point c in the interval as statedby the MVT for the

function given by f(x) = logex on [1, 2].

52. The two equal sides of isosceles triangle with a fixed base b are increasing at the rate of 3 cm/sec. How

fast is the area decreasing when the two equal sides are equal to the base?

53. Verify Rolles Theorem for the function f(x) = Sin x Cos x in the interval [ /4,5/4]

54. The radius of a balloon is increasing at the rate of 10 cm/sec. At what rate is the volume of the balloon

increasing when the radius is 10cm?

55. Find the interval in which the function f(x) = x3 6x2 36x + 2

56. Find the intervals in which the following function is increasing : f(x)=x4 2x2.

57. Using Rolles theorem, find the points on the curve y = 16 x2, x [ -1,1] where the tangent is parallel to xaxis.

58. Show that the function f given by f(x)= tan-1(sinx+cosx), is strictly decreasing function on (/4,/2).

59. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve x2 + 3y = 3 which is parallel to the line y 4x + 5 = 0.

60. A man 160 cm tall; walks away from a source of light situated at the top of a pole 6 m high, at the rate of

1.1 m/s. How fast is the length of his shadow increasing when he is 1 m away from the pole?

61. A point source of light along a straight road is at a height of a metres. A boy b metres in height is

walking along the road. How fast is his shadow increasing if he is walking away from the light at the rate

of c m/min?

62. At what points of the ellipse 16x2 + 9y2 = 400 does the ordinate decrease at the same rate at which the

abscissa increases?

63. The bottom of a rectangular swimming pool is 25 m by 40 m. Water is pumped out into the tank at the rate

of 500 m3/min. Find the rate at which the level of the water in the tank rising.

64. An inverted cone has a depth of 40 cm and base of radius 5 cm. Water is poured into it at a rate of 1.5 cm3/

min. Find the rate at which the level of water in the cone is rising when the depth is 4 cm.

65. Water is dripping through a tiny whole at the vertex in the bottom of a conical funnel at a uniform rate of 4

cm3 / s. When the slant height of the water is 3 cm, find the rate of decrease of the slant height of the water,

given that the vertical angle of the funnel is 1200.

66. Oil is leaking at the rate of 16 mL / s from a vertically kept cylindrical drum containing oil. It the radius of

the drum is 7 cm and its height is 60 cm, find the rate at which the level of the oil is changing when the oil

level is 18 cm.

Page 5 of 6

1. Show that the height of the cone of maximum volume that can be inscribed in a sphere of radius

12cm is 16cm.

2. Find the equation of line through the point (3, 4) which cuts the 1st quadrant a triangle of minimum

area.

3. Show that the right circular cone of least curved surface and given volume has an altitude equal to

2 time the radius of the base.

4. Show that the semivertical angle of a cone of maximum volume and given slant height is tan-12.

5. A wire of length 28m is to be cut into two pieces. One of the pieces is to be made into a square and

the other into a circle. What should be the length of the two pieces so that the combined area of the

square and the circle is minimum.

6. A window is in the form of a rectangle surmounted by a semi-circular opening. The total perimeter

of the window is 10m. Find the dimensions of the window to admit maximum light through the

whole opening.

7. An open box with a square base is to be made out of a given iron sheet of area 27 sq.m. Show that

the maximum volume of the box is 13.5 m

8. A point on hypotenuse of right angled triangle is at a distance a and b from the sides Show that

the length of hypotenuse is at least (a2/3 + b2/3)3/2

9. A square piece of tin of side 48 cm is to be made into a box without top, by cutting a square from

each corner and folding up the flaps to form the box. What should be the side of the square to be

cut off, so that the volume of the box is the maximum possible? Also find the maximum volume.

10. Prove that the volume of the largest cone that can be inscribed in a sphere of radius R is 8/27 of the

volume of the sphere.

11. Show that semi-vertical angle of right circular cone of given surface area and maximum volume is

Sin-1(1/3)

12. Awindow is in the form of rectangle surmounted by semi circular opening.The total perimeter of

the window is 'p'.c.m.Show that the window will allow the maximum possible light only when the

redius of semi circle is

13. A rectangle is inscribed in a semi circle or radius a with one of its sides on the diameter of the semicircle. Find the dimensions of the rectangle so that its area is maximum. Find also the area .

14. Show that the surface Area of closed cuboid with square base & given volume is maximum when it

is a cube.

15. Show that the maximum volume of the cylinder which can be inscribed in a sphere of radius 53cm

if 500cm3.

16. A large window has the shape of a rectangle surmounted by an equilateral triangle. If the perimeter

of the window is 12m find the dimensions of the rectangle that will produce the largest area of the

window.

17. Prove that the radius of the right circular cylinder of greatest curved surface area which can be

inscribed in a given cone is half that of the cone.

18. A wire of length 36cm is cut into two pieces. One of them is turned into square and other is into

equilateral triangle. Find the length of each piece so that the sum of the areas of two is minimum

19. Show that the height of the cylinder of maximum volume that can be inscribed in a sphere of radius

R is 2R/3

20. The sum of the perimeter of a circle and square is k, where k is some constant. Prove that the sum

of their areas is least when the side of square is double the radius of the circle.

21. If the lengths of three sides of trapezium other than base are equal to 10 cm, then find the area of

the trapezium when it is maximum.

22. Given the sum of the perimeter of a square and a circle, show that the sum of their areas is least

when the side of the square is equal to diameter of circle.

23. Find a point on the parabola y2 = 4x which is nearest to the point (2,-8)

24. Show that the right circular cone of least curved surface and given volume has an altitude equal

to2 times the radius of the base.

25. A given quantity of metal is to be cast into a solid half circular cylinder( i.e. with rectangular base

and semicircular ends).Show that the surface area may be minimum, if the ratio of the length of the

cylinder to the diameter of its circular ends is : + 2.

26. A window is in the form of a rectangle surmounted by a semi circular opening . The total perimeter

of the window is 10m. Find dimensions of the window to admit maximum light through the whole

opening.

27. An open box with a square base is to be made out of a given quantity of sheet of area a2 . Show that

the maximum volume of the box is a3 / 63.

28. An open tank with square base and vertical sides is to be constructed from a metal sheet so as to

hold given quantity of water. Show that the cost of the material will be least when the depth of the

tank is half of its width.

29. Show that the height of a closed circular cylinder of given total surface are and maximum volume

is equal to the diameter its base.

30. A Cylindrical container with a capacity of 20 cubic feet is to be produced. The top and bottom of

the container are to be made of a material that costs Rs.6 per squares foot while the side of the

container is made of material costing Rs.3 per squares foot. Find the dimension that will minimize

the total cost.

31. Show that the volume of the greatest cylinder which can be inscribed in a cone of height h and

semi-vertical angle 300 is 4/81 h3.

32. Find the largest possible area of a right angled triangle whose hypotenuse is 5cm long.

33. Find two positive numbers whose sum is 16 and sum of whose cube is minimum.

34. Show that the rectangle of maximum perimeter which can be inscribed in a circle of radius a is

square of side 2 a.

35. A tank with rectangular base and rectangular sides, open at the top is to be constructed so that its

depth is 2m and volume is 8m. If building of tank cost Rs. 70 per square meters for the base and

Rs. 45 per square meters for sides. What is the cost of least expensive tank?

36. Show that the triangle of maximum area that can be inscribed in a given circle is an equilateral

triangle.

37. Prove that :

38. Prove that : tan x > x for x (0,/2).

39. Find the intervals on which the following functions are

(a) strictly increasing and

(b) strictly decreasing: f(x) = (x+2)e-x.

40. f(x) = x4 4x3 + 4x2 + 15.

Page 1 of 5

1. Is the function f: N N, defined by f(x) = 3x, onto? Give reasons.

2. If f(x) = [ x ] and g (x) = x , then evaluate (f o g) (1/2) (g o f) (-1/2).

3. If tan-11 + tan-1(1/2) = tan-1, find .

4. 1If A and B are two sets such that n (A) = m and n (B) = n then write number of function from A

B.

5. Let f : R { - 4/3} R be a function defined as f(x) = 4x / 3x+4. Find the inverse of f.

6. Find the value of tan-1(1) + cos-1(-1/2) + sin -1 (-1/2).

7. Evaluate Sin [ sin-1 (-1)].

8. Let set A contains 3 elements. Write the total number of binary operation possible.

9. Let * be a binary operation defined on the set of integers as a*b=a+b+1 for a, b I. Find the

identity element.

10. Prove that cos2(tan-12)+sin2(cot-13) = 3/10.

11. What is the principal value of cos-1(cos 2 /3)+sin-13(sin 2 /3).

12. If f(x) = 8x3 and g(x) = x1/3 , find g o f.

13. Find the value of sin-1(sin 3/5).

14. Show that the signum function f : R R given by f(x) = 1, if x is greater than 0, if x = 0, - 1, if x is

less than 0 is neither one-to-one nor onto.

15. If

, find f o g.

17. If a binary operation * is defined on the set Z of integers as a*b = 3a b, then find the value of

(2*3)*4.

18. Prove that sec2 (tan -1 2) + cosec2 (cot -1 3) = 15.

19. How many relations can be defined from a non-empty set A to non-empty set B , if n(A) = 2 and

n(B)=3.

20. Find the principal value of tan-1[sin(sin-1x+cos-1x)] , x [ -1,1] .

21. Evaluate sin{ 1/2 cos -1(4/5) }.

22. Find gof(-5/2) and fog(3/2) if f is identity function and g is signum function .

23. Evaluate the value of cos -1(-1/2) + Sin -1(-3/2).

24. If : R R ,a,b,c,d R such that (a,b) *(c,d) = (ac, b + ad) Find the identity element of the function.

25. Let * be a binary operation defined by a * b =2ab-7. Is * associative?

26. Write the range of one branch of sin -1 x, other than the Principal Branch.

27. If f(x) = x-1 / x+1;

29. Evaluate : Cos (/3- sin-1(-3/2)).

30. Show that the function f: R R such that f(x) = x2 is neither one one nor onto.

31. If f(x) = x + 7 and g(x) = x 7, x R, find (fog) (7).

32. Let * be a binary operation on N given by a * b = H.C.F. ( a , b ) , a, b N. Find 12 * 4.

33. if f(x)=x2-1 and g(x)=2x+3 find fog(2).

34. if sin(sin-1 1/5 + cos-1 x) = 1, then find the value of x.

35. Evaluate: sin [ /3 - sin-1(-1/2) ].

36. Which of the following graph represent a function .

37. Write the range of one branch of cos x, other than the principal branch.

38. Which one of the following graphs represents an identity function? Why?

39. Let A = {1, 2, 3) and B = {4, 5, 6}, f: A B is a function defined on f(1) = 4, f(2)=5and f(3) = 6. Write the

inverse as set of ordered pairs.

40. Let * be the binary operation on N defined by a*b = a+b+10 for all a, b N and if 3*p=15 then find p.

41. Find the value of the parameter for which the function is the inverse of itself.

42. If f(x) = ex and g(x) = logex , find fog and gof. Is fog = gof ?

unctions and Relations (4/6 Mark)

Page 3 of 5

1. Consider f : R [ -5, ) given by f(x) = 9x2+ 6x-5. Show that f is invertible with

.

2. Prove that:

3. Consider

defined by f(1) = a, f(2) =

b, f(3) = c, g(a) = apple, g(b) = ball ,g(c) = cat. Show that f, g and gof are invertible. Find out f-1 , g1

and (gof)-1 and show that (gof)-1 = f-1o g-1.

4. Let A = N x N and * be the binary operation on A defined by (a,b)*(c,d) = (a + c, b+d). Show that *

is commutative and associative. Find the identity element for * on A, if any.

6. Let f: NR be a function defined as f(x) = 4x2 + 12 x + 15, where S is the range of f. Show that f:

N S is invertible. Find f-1.

7. Prove that

8. Prove: 2 tan-1(1/2) + tan-1(1/7) = tan-1(31/17)

9. Solve for x: tan-12x + tan-13x = /4

10. Prove that the function f: R R defined as f(x) = 2x-3 is invertible and find f-1(x)

11. Show that sin-1 12 /13 + cos-1 4/5 + tan-1 63/16 = .

12. Show that the relation are in the set a = {x : x w, x 10}given by

is an equivalence relation , find the elements related to 3.

13. Examine if the following are binary operations

(i) a*b =a+b/2,a,b N

(ii) a*b=a+b/2, a,b Q .

14. Let

be a function defined as

17. Solve for x: tan-12x + tan-13x = /4.

18. Solve for x : 2 tan-1( cos x ) = tan-1 ( 2 cosec x ).

21. Prove that tan -1 (1/5) + tan -1 (1/7) + tan -1 (1/3) + tan -1 (1/8) = 1.

26. Prove that tan -1 3/4 + tan -1 3/5 tan -1 8/15 = /4.

27. Show that the binary operation * defined by a*b = a b, on Z is not commutative and associative..

28. Let f : x y and g : y z be two invertible functions. Then gof is also with (gof)-1 = f-1 o g-1.

29. Show that the function f: Z Z given by f(x) = x is not injective.

30. Evaluate :

32. If

33. Check whether the operator

.

define by a

34. if

36. Let A =NxN and Let * be a binary operation on A defined by (a,b)*(c,d) = (ad+bc,bd) for all (a,b),(c,d)

NxN.Determine if * is commutative, associative,

37. Solve for

39. If the function f : RR defined by ,Prove that f is one-one and onto function. Also find the inverse of the

function f and f-1(23) .

41. If

find f(f(x))

43. If

44. Show that the relation R in the set A= {x Z ; 0 x 12} given by R = { ( a,b) : |a-b| is multiple of

4}is an equivalence relation . Also find the set of all elements related to 4.

45. Check whether the relation R defined in the set {1,2,3,4,5,6} as R = { (a,b): b = a +1} is reflexive,

symmetric or transitive.

46. Let A = {-1,0,1,2}, B = [ -4,-2,0,2} and f , g : A B be the function defined by f(x) = x2 x , x A

and g(x) = 2| x - 1/2 | , x A ; are f and g equal. Justify your answer.

47. Show that f [ 1, -1 ] R given by f(x) = x/x+2 is one-one. Find the inverse of function. f: [ -1 ,1] &

Range (f).

48. Express

49. Let

bijection

i) fog

ii) gof

iii) fof

iv) gog

51. Let f, g : R R be two functions such that

52. Consider f, g : N N and h : N Rdefined as f(x) = 2x, g(y)= 3y+4, and h(z)= Sin z for all x,y,z

NShow that ho(gof) = (hog)of

53. Let

54. Let

and

. Find

is a bijection

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