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it is a spread sheet on how to design a Wingwall

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File Name:

marrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr

I. Load Analysis

A. Geometry:

detalye

H1:

H2:

H3:

L1:

L2:

Maximun Thickness, T1:

Minimum Thickness, T2:

1.15 m

2.50 m

0.25 m

2.50 m

0.15 m

0.80 m

0.66 m

Area

Wingwall 1:

Area =

X1 =

AreaX1 =

Total Area =

XL=

Wingwall 2:

Area =

X2 =

AreaX2 =

2.88 m2

1.25 m

3.5938 m3

2.94 m2

0.9333 m

2.7417 m3

Wingwall 3:

Area =

X3 =

AreaX3 =

6.19 m2

1.03 m

Weight

Concrete Unit Weight:

Wingwall 1:

Volume =

Weight =

Parapet:

Area =

Volume =

Weight =

D. Earth Pressure

24.0 kN/m3

2.300 m

55.200 kN

3

0.20 m2

0.50 m3

12 kN

Wingwall 2:

Volume =

Weight =

2.350 m3

56.400 kN

Parameters

Unit Weight of Soil s:

Friction Angle, :

19.00

35.00

0.40

kN/m3

deg

Horizontal Acceleration Coefficient, kh: 0.60

Check for Horizontal Acceleration coefficient:

kh (1-kv)tan(-)

0.600

:

Angle of Friction Between Soil and Abutment, :

Backfill Slope Angle, :

(taken as

0.00

0.00

30.96

15.00

0.00

<

1.5

of A)

(AASHTO C6.3.2 1-A)

0.700

deg

deg

deg

deg

ok!!!

( = arc tan ( kh / 1 - kv ))

Slope of Wall, :

90.00

deg

= 1+

cos2(--)

coscos2cos(++)

KAE=

sin(+)sin(--)

cos(++)cos(-)

1.6346

1.021

= 1+

sin(+)sin(-)

sin(-)sin(+)

sin2(+)

sin2sin(-)

KA=

2.804

0.248

Forces

Surcharge

Qsur = s*hsur*KA =

1.00 m

Qe1 = s*H1*KA =

kPa

5.414

Qe2 = s*(H1+H2)*KA =

kPa

17.183

Seismic Earth Pressure

Qse1 = s*(H1+H2)*(KAE-KA) =

53.643

Qse2 = s*H2*(KAE-KA) =

kPa

36.742

2

3

4

5

kPa

6

7

Fh

Moment

Psur1

Psur2

Psur3

13.534

13.828

1.765

1.250

0.933

0.075

16.918

12.906

0.132

Pe1

Pe2

Pe3

7.782

33.188

4.237

1.250

0.933

0.075

9.728

30.976

0.318

Pse1

Pse2

Pse3

Pw1

Pw2

Pw3

Ppar

129.929

53.965

6.889

33.120

33.840

4.320

7.200

1.250

0.933

0.075

1.250

0.933

7.200

1.250

162.411

50.367

0.517

41.400

31.584

31.104

9.000

FORCES

Live Load (LL)

Surcharge

4.70754 kPa

Active

Earthquake (EQ)

Seismic Earth

Pressure

Wing Wall

Parapet

Load Combinations:

Cases

Case I = 1.3 [ DL + 1.67 LL + 1.3E ]

Shear

Moment

139.64

134.36

83.31

85.68

114.27

108.27

76.40

69.33

426.44

493.62

Design Moment:

Design Shear:

135.24 kN-m

116.83 kN

AreaX3 =

0.38 m2

0.075 m

0.0281 m3

Wingwall 3:

Volume =

Weight =

0.300 m3

7.200 kN

DESIGN OF WINGWALL

File Name:

marrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr

I. Load Analysis

A. Geometry:

detalye

H1:

H2:

H3:

L1:

L2:

Thickness, T1:

Thickness, T2:

1.40 m

4.90 m

0.00 m

7.70 m

0.00 m

0.45 m

0.80 m

6.30

Area

Wingwall 1:

Area =

X1 =

AreaX1 =

Total Area =

XL=

10.78 m2

3.85 m

41.503 m3

Wingwall 2:

Area =

X2 =

AreaX2 =

18.87 m2

2.5667 m

48.42 m3

Wingwall 3:

Area =

X3 =

AreaX3 =

29.65 m2

3.03 m

Weight

Concrete Unit Weight:

Wingwall 1:

Volume =

Weight =

Parapet:

Area =

Volume =

Weight =

D. Earth Pressure

24.0 kN/m3

4.851 m

116.424 kN

3

0.20 m2

1.54 m3

36.96 kN

Wingwall 2:

Volume =

Weight =

15.092 m3

362.208 kN

Parameters

Unit Weight of Soil s:

Friction Angle, :

18.80

35.00

0.40

kN/m3

deg

Horizontal Acceleration Coefficient, kh: 0.60

Check for Horizontal Acceleration coefficient:

kh (1-kv)tan(-)

0.600

:

Angle of Friction Between Soil and Abutment, :

Backfill Slope Angle, :

Slope of Wall, :

(taken as

0.00

0.00

30.96

15.00

0.00

90.00

<

1.5

of A)

(AASHTO C6.3.2 1-A)

0.700

deg

deg

deg

deg

deg

ok!!!

( = arc tan ( kh / 1 - kv ))

= 1+

cos2(--)

coscos2cos(++)

KAE=

sin(+)sin(--)

cos(++)cos(-)

1.6346

1.021

= 1+

sin(+)sin(-)

sin(-)sin(+)

sin2(+)

sin2sin(-)

KA=

2.804

0.248

Forces

Surcharge

0

0.298

Qsur = s*hsur*KA =

0.798

4.65798 kPa

Qe1 = s*H1*KA =

kPa

6.521

Qe2 = s*(H1+H2)*KA =

kPa

29.345

Seismic Earth Pressure

Qse1 = s*(H1+H2)*(KAE-KA) =

91.615

Qse2 = s*H2*(KAE-KA) =

kPa

71.256

Veh. Coll.

Earth Pressure (E)

Active

1.048

1.298

1.548

1.798

2.048

kPa

Fh

Moment

Psur1

Psur2

Psur3

Pcol

50.213

87.873

0.000

0.000

3.850

2.567

0.000

3.500

193.320

225.540

0.000

0.000

Pe1

Pe2

Pe3

35.149

338.311

0.000

3.850

2.567

0.000

135.324

868.330

0.000

Pse1

Pse2

Pse3

Pw1

Pw2

Pw3

Ppar

877.879

672.126

0.000

69.854

217.325

0.000

22.176

3.850

2.567

0.000

3.850

2.567

0.000

3.850

3379.835

1725.124

0.000

268.939

557.800

0.000

85.378

FORCES

Live Load (LL)

Surcharge

0.548

1.00 m

SEISMIC EARTH

0

0.298

0.548

Earthquake (EQ)

Seismic Earth

Pressure

Wing Wall

Parapet

Load Combinations:

Cases

Case I = 1.3 [ DL + 1.67 LL + 1.3E ]

2.298

2.548

2.798

3.048

3.618

Shear

Moment

930.93

2605.52

0.798

1.048

1.298

1.548

1.798

2.048

2.298

2.548

2.798

3.048

3.618

394.93

1197.94

810.66

2240.69

631.15

1696.18

3048.32

9518.38

Design Moment:

Design Shear:

1510.9 kN-m

483.86 kN

AreaX3 =

0.00 m2

0m

0 m3

Wingwall 3:

Volume =

Weight =

0.000 m3

0.000 kN

0

0.298

0.548

0.798

1.048

1.298

1.548

1.798

2.048

2.298

2.548

2.798

3.048

3.618

29.345

26.928

24.901

22.873

20.845

18.817

16.790

14.762

12.734

10.706

8.679

6.651

4.623

0.000

SEISMIC EARTH

0

0.298

0.548

0.798

1.048

1.298

1.548

1.798

2.048

2.298

2.548

2.798

3.048

3.618

0.000

7.546

13.877

20.207

26.538

32.868

39.199

45.529

51.860

58.190

64.521

70.851

77.182

91.615

6.48

11.52

###

2.6182

A. Section Properties

Concrete Compressive Strength, f'c =

Steel Yeild Strength, fy =

Concrete Cover, Main Bars, cc =

Main Bar Diameter, dbh =

Vertical Bar Diameter, dbv =

27.60

MPa

414.00

MPa

0.050

m

25

mm

0

mm

Member Thickness, h =

0.80

m

Member Width, b =

1.00

m

Effective Depth, d = h - cc -dbv- 0.5dbh

d=

0.738

Design Moment, MD =

677.00

Strength Reduction Factor, = 0.9

Equivalent Depth Factor, 1 = 0.850

kN-m/m

Modulus of Rupture, fr =

0.70 (f'c)

fr =

3.677

Mpa

Moment of Inertia Ig = bh3/12

Ig =

m4

0.04267

yt = h/2 =

0.400

m

Cracking Moment, Mcr =

frIg / yt =

392.27

kN-m

1.2Mcr =

470.720

kN-m

Minimum Steel Ratio, min = (0.85f'c / fy)(1-(1-(2(1.2Mcr) / (0.85bd2f'c)))

min =

0.00237

Maximum Steel Ratio

Balanced Steel Ratio, b = (0.85f'c600) / (fy(600+fy)

b =

0.0285

Maximum Steel Ratio, max = 0.75bal =

0.0214

Required Steel Area

Coefficient of Resistance, Rn = Md / bd2 =

1.383

MPa

Steel Reinforcement Ratio, = (0.85f'c / fy)(1-(1-(2Rn / 0.85f'c))) =

min max

okey!!!

0.00345

Use =

0.00345

Required Steel Area, As = bd = 2540.92074624 mm2

Adopted:

25

0

mm diameter bars @

mm diameter bars @

150

150

mm

mm

(Actual a =

0.00444

Shear at Section, VD1 =

Moment at Section, MD1 =

374

kN

677.00

kN -m

VD1d / MD1 1

okey!!!

Steel Ratio Provided, a =

0.00444

Strength Reduction Factor, =

0.85

Concrete Shear Strength

Shear Capacity of Concrete, Vc = (0.18(f'c) + 31a(dVD1/MD1))bd

but shall not exceed (1/3)(f'c) bd

`

Since VD1

<

Vc=

968.627

kN

Vc=

823.333

kN

Vc, Stirrups are not needed

Vs =

-528.627

kN

Vs shall not be taken greater than (2/3) (f'c) bd

okey!!!

Area of Tie Bar, Av =

10 mm

79 mm2

Number of Ties per Section, n = 3.333 pcs

Spacing, s = (nAvfyd)/Vs

s=

-151.195

mm

Maximum Spacing:

If Vs (1/3) (f'c) bd

smax = 368.75 mm

Adopted:

10 mm diameter bars @

300.03

per section @

Total Area of Reinforcement, Ast = (0.75bh) / (2(b+h)fy)

Ast =

mm2/mm

0.403

0.233 Ast 1.27

okey!!!

use Ast =

402.576

Rebar Diameter, db = 12 mm2

Spacing, st = 280.93 mm

Maximum Spacing = 450 mm

Adopted:

12

mm diameter bars @

250

mm

mm2/mm

150

mm

(AASHTO 8.22.1)

(AASHTO 8.16.1.2.2)

(AASHTO 8.16.2.7)

(AASHTO 8.15.2.1.1)

(AASHTO 8.13.3)

(AASHTO 8.17.1.1)

(AASHTO 8.16.4.2.3)

(AASHTO 8.16.3.1.1)

0.00345

mm2)

(AASHTO 8.16.6.7.1)

(AASHTO 8.16.1.2.2)

(AASHTO 8.16.6.7.1)

(AASHTO 8.16.6.1.1)

(AASHTO 8.16.6.3.9)

(AASHTO 8.16.6.3.8)

A. Section Properties

Concrete Compressive Strength, f'c =

Steel Yeild Strength, fy =

Concrete Cover, Main Bars, cc =

Vertical Bar Diameter, dbv =

27.60

414.00

0.050

20

Wall Thickness, h =

0.80

Member Width, b =

1.00

h

c

0.5dbh

Effective Depth, d =

c

d=

0.740

MPa

MPa

m

mm

m

m

m

Design Moment, MD =

613.00

Strength Reduction Factor, = 0.9

Equivalent Depth Factor, 1 = 0.850

kN-m/m

Modulus of Rupture, fr =

0.70 (f'c)

fr =

3.677

Mpa

3

Moment of Inertia Ig = bh /12

Ig =

m4

0.04267

yt = h/2 =

0.400

m

Cracking Moment, Mcr =

frIg / yt =

392.27

kN-m

1.2Mcr =

470.720

kN-m

Minimum Steel Ratio, min = (0.85f'c / fy)(1-(1-(2(1.2Mcr) / (0.85bd2f'c)))

min =

0.00236

Maximum Steel Ratio

Balanced Steel Ratio, b = (0.85f'c600) / (fy(600+fy)

b =

0.0285

Maximum Steel Ratio, max = 0.75bal =

0.0214

Required Steel Area

Coefficient of Resistance, Rn = Md / bd2 =

1.244

MPa

Steel Reinforcement Ratio, = (0.85f'c / fy)(1-(1-(2Rn / 0.85f'c))) =

min max

okey!!!

0.00309

Use =

0.00309

Required Steel Area, As = bd = 2285.52246336 mm2

Adopted:

20

0

mm diameter bars @

mm diameter bars @

100

150

mm

mm

(Actual a =

0.00425

Shear at Section, VD1 =

Moment at Section, MD1 =

374

kN

613.00

kN -m

VD1d / MD1 1

okey!!!

Steel Ratio Provided, a =

0.00425

Strength Reduction Factor, =

0.85

Concrete Shear Strength

Shear Capacity of Concrete, Vc = (0.18(f'c) + 31a(dVD1/MD1))bd

but shall not exceed (1/3)(f'c) bd

`

Since VD1

<

Vc=

971.910

kN

Vc=

826.124

kN

Vc, Stirrups are not needed

Vs =

-531.910

kN

Vs shall not be taken greater than (2/3) (f'c) bd

okey!!!

Area of Tie Bar, Av =

10 mm

79 mm2

Number of Ties per Section, n = 3.333 pcs

Spacing, s = (nAvfyd)/Vs

s=

Maximum Spacing:

If Vs

smax =

-150.771

mm

(1/3) (f'c) bd

370 mm

Adopted:

10 mm diameter bars @

300.03

per section @

Total Area of Reinforcement, Ast = (0.75bh) / (2(b+h)fy)

Ast =

mm2/mm

0.403

0.233 Ast 1.27

okey!!!

use Ast =

402.576

Rebar Diameter, db = 12 mm2

Spacing, st = 280.93 mm

Maximum Spacing = 450 mm

Adopted:

12

mm diameter bars @

250

mm

mm2/mm

150

mm

(AASHTO 8.22.1)

(AASHTO 8.16.1.2.2)

(AASHTO 8.16.2.7)

(AASHTO 8.15.2.1.1)

(AASHTO 8.13.3)

(AASHTO 8.17.1.1)

(AASHTO 8.16.4.2.3)

(AASHTO 8.16.3.1.1)

0.00309

mm2)

(AASHTO 8.16.6.7.1)

(AASHTO 8.16.1.2.2)

(AASHTO 8.16.6.7.1)

(AASHTO 8.16.6.1.1)

(AASHTO 8.16.6.3.9)

(AASHTO 8.16.6.3.8)

0.72

0.43

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

3.65

earth

17.183

3.390

5.414

7.768

10.121

12.475

14.829

17.183

seismic

53.643

53.643

43.061

36.742

29.393

22.045

14.697

7.348

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