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GSM/EDGE BSS, Rel.

RG20(BSS), Operating
Documentation, Issue 09

Feature description

BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization


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Approval Date 2011-02-07
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BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

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BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

Table of contents
This document has 14 pages.
Summary of changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

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1
1.1
1.2

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
In general. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

3
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3

Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Functional overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Functional split . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
NetAct interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
BSC MMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Plan provisioning interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

System impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

5
5.1
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3

User interface . . . . . . . . . .
Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . .
MML commands . . . . . . . .
MML command EHB . . . . .
MML command EHO . . . . .
MML command EHC . . . . .

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BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

List of figures
Figure 1

Intra-cell HOs due to bad RX quality are prevented when RxQual = 7. . . 9

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BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

List of tables
Table 1

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Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

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Summary of changes

BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

Summary of changes
Changes between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document
issue contains all changes made to previous issues.
Changes between issues 2A (2011/03/31, RG20(BSS)) and 2-0(2010/04/13,
RG20(BSS))

System impacts (4)

Added a new section BSS21534: OSC Full Rate with SAIC MS in section Relation
to other features, to describe the working of BSC in relation to BSS21534: OSC Full
Rate with SAIC MS feature.

Changes between issues 2-0 (2010/04/13, RG20(BSS)) and 1-3(2009/08/01,


RG10(BSS))
System impacts (4)
Added a new section BSS2139: OSC Half Rate with SAIC MS in section Relation to
other features, to describe the working of BSC in relation to the feature BSS2139: OSC
Half Rate with SAIC MS.
Changes between issues 1-3 and 1-2
Editorial changes

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BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

Introduction

1 Introduction
1.1

In general
The AMR unpacking optimization (BSS21120) feature provides new AMR quality and
level based handover parameters to avoid unnecessary unpacking in intra-cell AMR
FR/HR handovers.
When the field strength drops rapidly, the quality of service also drops typically. This
triggers AMR unpacking handovers. If the field strength drop is high, quality is degraded.
The mobile cannot decode handover assignments and handover is not performed. Also,
when the MS moves round a corner, its own RX level is not changed, but the interference becomes stronger. This can cause drops to bad quality levels in the MS. In a
bad quality level, SACCH decoding in the MS fails, and hence the MS cannot identify
any handover assignments.
Normally, the radio-link time-out timer controls the time for which the mobile can be
unreachable, before the TCH is deactivated and the call is regarded as a dropped call.
This can be e.g. 16 seconds. When a handover starts using a fixed 6 seconds timer to
control handover success, and if the MS does not answer during this time with either a
successful or a non-successful handover, then the BSC deactivates the target and
source channels. This is considered as a drop. Without an intra-cell handover start, the
MS could still have about 10 seconds to get out of the bad coverage.
When RX quality on the AMR HR channel is below the unpacking threshold, but RX level
conditions are good, it is reasonable to perform an intra-cell HO to a better HR channel
in the cell. This is achieved by preventing AMR unpacking handover when the RX level
is high enough.
Due to this feature, the HO algorithm prevents AMR unpacking and interference-based
intra-cell handovers, when the RX level and/or RX quality conditions are very bad. Also,
unnecessary AMR unpacking handovers are avoided when the RX level is good. With
this, the dropped call rate can be reduced.
Refer to the Parameters section for more details on the parameters and their effects.

1.2

Benefits
This feature saves capital expense and improves network quality by reducing the rate
of dropped calls.

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Requirements

BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

2 Requirements
The BSC S14 software is required and there are no specific hardware requirements for
this feature.

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BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

Functional description

3 Functional description
This feature provides new AMR quality and level based handover parameters to avoid
unnecessary unpacking in intra-cell FR / HR handovers.
This chapter is divided into the following sections:
Functional overview
Functional split
For more information on activating this feature, refer to Activating and testing
BSS21120: AMR unpacking optimization.

3.1

Functional overview
The AMR unpacking optimization feature is controlled by means of a license key.
When the feature is active, the HO algorithm uses new RX quality and RX level limits to
prevent AMR unpacking and interference-based intra-cell handovers when RX level
and/or RX quality conditions are very bad. Unnecessary AMR unpacking handovers are
prevented when RX level conditions are good. Also, packing is denied if the quality level
is bad.
In the example shown in Figure 1, the conditions for AMR unpacking HO are fulfilled
when the RX quality is 4 or worse, but if the average uplink or downlink RX quality
(RxQual) is 7, then AMR unpacking HO is not allowed because of the new Intra HO
prevent threshold lower rx qual parameter.
In this example, this new parameter is set to the default of 7, and the existing Intra HO
threshold RX qual AMR HR (IHRH) parameter is set to 4.

-47dBm to -48dBm

-49dBm to -100dBm
Packing HO

RxQual

AMR FR
RxLev
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

-101dBm to -110dBm
Packing not allowed due to poor signal strength

No action

-47dBm to -48dBm

Figure 1

-49dBm to -100dBm

-101dBm to -110dBm

No action

RxQual

AMR HR
RxLev
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

Unpacking not allowed due to very good level

Unpacking not allowed

Unpacking

Unpacking not allowed due to poor signal strength

Unpacking not allowed due to very bad quality

Unpacking not allowed

Intra-cell HOs due to bad RX quality are prevented when RxQual = 7

In Figure 1:
For AMR FR:
Packing is allowed due to good quality (RXQual = 0 or 1) when signal strength
is between -47 dBm and -100 dBm.

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Functional description

BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

Packing and interference HO are not allowed with RXQual = 0 or 1 when signal
strength is poor, below -100 dBm
Packing is not allowed with RXQual = 2 to 7
For AMR HR:
Unpacking is allowed with RXQual = 4 to 6 when signal strength is between - 49
dBm and -100 dBm
Unpacking is not allowed with RXQual = 4 to 6 when signal strength is very
good, above -49 dBm
Unpacking and interference HO are not allowed with RXQual = 4 to 6 when
signal strength is poor, below - 100 dBm
Unpacking and interference HO are not allowed due to very bad quality, with
RXQual = 7
Unpacking is not allowed with RXQual = 0 to 3.

The interference-based intra-cell handovers are prevented if the new Intra HO prevent
threshold lower rx qual parameter is set to 7, and the average uplink or downlink RX
quality is also 7.
For the lower RX level limit ( defined by the new Intra HO prevent threshold lower RX
level AMR HR parameter), the RX level is checked instead of the RX quality. If conditions for AMR unpacking HO are fulfilled, but the average uplink or downlink RX level is
lower than defined by this new parameter, then AMR unpacking HO is not triggered.
There is also a new parameter to define the upper limit (Intra HO prevent threshold
upper rx level AMR HR). AMR unpacking HOs are avoided if the uplink or downlink RX
level is better than defined by this new parameter.
Refer to Parameters for more information on the new parameters of this feature.

3.2

Functional split
This feature is controlled by means of a license key. The state (OFF/CONF/ON) of the
feature is displayed and can be changed using the platform feature management MML.
When the license expires, the BSC automatically stops using this feature. However, the
values of the new parameters remain unchanged even when the license key has
expired.

3.2.1

NetAct interface
NetAct supports the AMR unpacking optimization license key control, as well as the
associated new HOC parameters.

3.2.2

BSC MMI
The BSC MMI supports the AMR unpacking optimization license key control, as well
as the associated new HOC parameters.

3.2.3

Plan provisioning interface


The plan provisioning interface supports the new HOC parameters.

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System impacts

4 System impacts
Relation to other features
The AMR unpacking optimization feature is related to the following other features:

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DFCA
The handover algorithm functionality is already implemented in the DFCA context.
For more information, refer to the Dynamic frequency and channel allocation
(BSS11052) feature description.
License Key
The UTPFIL parameters (for RX quality and RX level limits) implemented are
replaced by new HOC parameters. The AMR unpacking optimization feature
includes MML support for the new parameters. The functionality of the feature is
controlled by means of a license key.
BSS21309: OSC Half Rate with SAIC MS
When the AMR unpacking optimization feature is used along with OSC Half Rate,
the BSC follows the parameters of AMR unpacking optimization to prevent demultiplexing of OSC Half Rate connections into non-OSC connections as well as the intra
cell handovers due to interference for the OSC Half Rate connections in case of very
poor quality.
When AMR unpacking optimization is in use, the BSC uses the signal level thresholds of the feature to direct an OSC Half Rate connection either to AMR HR or to
AMR FR in a triggered demultiplexing handover, or to prevent totally the demultiplexing handover if the signal level is very poor.
BSS21534: OSC Full Rate with SAIC MS
When the AMR unpacking optimization feature is used along with OSC Full Rate,
the BSC follows the parameters of AMR unpacking optimization to prevent demultiplexing of OSC Full Rate connections into non-OSC connections.
The BSC also prevents the intra-cell handover of OSC Full Rate connection due to
interference in cases of very poor quality.
When AMR unpacking optimization is in use, the BSC uses the signal level thresholds of the feature to prevents demultiplexing handover if the signal level is very
poor.

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User interface

BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

5 User interface
The impacts of the AMR unpacking optimization feature on the user interface are
described in this chapter.
The chapter is divided into the following two sections:
Parameters
MML commands

5.1

Parameters
The new parameters for AMR unpacking optimization are described in Table 1.
Name

Level

Intra HO lower
RX level limit
AMR HR

HOC

Description
This parameter defines the
limit for the average uplink
and downlink signal level. If
the average uplink or
downlink signal level is worse
than this parameter, then
quality-based intra-cell handovers are not allowed.

Range

Default
value

-110 .... -47


dBm

-100
dBm

-110 .... -47


dBm

-47
dBm

This parameter is displayed if


the feature state is CONF or
ON.
Intra HO upper
RX level limit
AMR HR

HOC

This parameter defines the


limit for the average uplink
and downlink signal level. If
the average uplink or
downlink signal level is better
than this parameter, then
quality-based intra-cell handovers are not allowed.
This parameter is displayed if
the feature state is CONF or
ON.

Table 1

12

Parameters

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BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

Name

User interface

Level

Intra HO lower
RX qual limit
AMR

HOC

Description
This parameter defines the
limit of the average uplink and
downlink signal quality. If the
average uplink or downlink
signal quality is worse than
this parameter, then qualitybased intra-cell handovers
are not allowed.
This parameter is displayed if
the feature state is CONF or
ON.

Table 1

5.2

Range
< 0.2% (0),
0.2% - 0.4% (1),

Default
value
> 12.8%
(7)

0.4% - 0.8% (2),


0.8% - 1.6% (3),
1.6% - 3.2% (4),
3.2% - 6.4% (5),
6.4% - 12.8% (6),
> 12.8% (7)

Parameters (Cont.)

MML commands
This section descibes the changes to the MML commands due to the AMR unpacking
optimization feature.

5.2.1

MML command EHB


1. SEG and SEGNAME parameter support is included in the EHB command. These
paremeters are used only with the new AMR signal quality threshold parameters:
LQLAMR = intra HO lower rx quality limit AMR
LLLAMR = intra HO lower rx level limit AMR HR
ULLAMR = intra HO upper rx level limit AMR HR
2. If the SEG or SEGNAME parameter is used, only the new segment level AMR signal
quality threshold parameters LLLAMR, ULLAMR and LQLAMR can be entered, and
only these are printed out. See the example given below.
3. The functionality of old parameters does not change. These old parameters can not
be used with the SEG or SEGNAME parameters. If the SEG or SEGNAME parameter
is given, then the old parameters are hidden in the second block.
4. The BTS and NAME can be used with these new parameters when the segment has
only one BTS. If the segment has more than one BTS, the LLLAMR, ULLAMR and
LQLAMR parameters are hidden in the second block.
The new functionality is marked in bold and the old in normal font:
Syntax EHB: ( BTS = <BTS identification> |
NAME = <BTS name> |
SEG = <SEG identification> <option> |
SEGNAME = <SEG name> <option> );
( QDRF = <threshold dl Rx qual AMR FR> <option> |
QURF = <threshold ul Rx qual AMR FR> <option> |
QDRH = <threshold dl Rx qual AMR HR> <option> |

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User interface

BSS21120: AMR Unpacking Optimization

QURH = <threshold ul Rx qual AMR HR> <option> |


IHRF = <intra HO threshold Rx qual AMR FR> <option> |
IHRH = <intra HO threshold Rx qual AMR HR> <option> |
GCIF = <super reuse good C/I threshold AMR FR>
<option> |
BCIF = <super reuse bad C/I threshold AMR FR> <option>
|
GCIH = <super reuse good C/I threshold AMR HR>
<option> |
BCIH = <super reuse bad C/I threshold AMR HR> <option>
|
LLLAMR = <intra HO lower Rx level limit AMR HR> <option> |
ULLAMR = <intra HO upper Rx level limit AMR HR> <option> |
LQLAMR = <intra HO lower Rx qual limit AMR HR> <option> ) ...;
Output example: modifying the AMR signal quality threshold parameters of SEG-1
ZEHB:SEG=1:LLLAMR=-80,ULLAMR=-90,LQLAMR=6;
BSC3i BSC-LAB 2007-12-18 13:20:02
HANDOVER CONTROL AMR SIGNAL QUALITY THRESHOLD PARAMETERS OF SEG0001 TESTLAB
INTRA HO LOWER RX LEVEL LIMIT AMR HR ........ - 80 dBm
INTRA HO UPPER RX LEVEL LIMIT AMR HR ........ - 90 dBm
INTRA HO LOWER RX QUAL LIMIT AMR ........ 6.4% - 12.8 %
COMMAND EXECUTED

5.2.2

MML command EHO


The new HOC parameters are added to the EHO command output.

5.2.3

MML command EHC


The new HOC parameters are added to the EHC command output.

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