You are on page 1of 2

ANALISIS ECONOMIZER#2 PADA HEAT RECOVERY STEAM GENERATION

(HRSG) DI TURBIN GAS#2 UNTUK PROSES MAINTENANCE DI PT. XXX

Abstrak
Economizer in Power plant oftentimes maintained for cleaning so its not reffer to maintenance schedule that its
recomende by vendor.However, it will increase maintenance cost and economizer performances dropped.
Perform evaluation to economizer it had proceed in industrial grade for 5 months with time interval 48 hours (2
days).
Economizer performances dropped occured its caused fouling factor incresed for long time. Whatever, fouling
factor was time function, actually it had thermal resistance with assymptot curve about 0.01689(m 2K)/, and cleaning
interval was 5 months its real time for maintenance process, reduce lose time for paper production and reduce
maintenance cost.
Economizer on Power Plants often have maintenance or cleaning of the supposed (not in accordance with the
specifications of the device) this results in decreased performance and increased maintenance costs.
Evaluation of the performance of the appliance has been done with testing on an industrial scale is carried out for 5
months with intervals of 48 hours (2 days).
There was a decline in the performance of the device as a result of the increase in factor fouling which are a function
of time, with a thermal resistance asymptotic actual result of factors fouling by 0.01689 (m 2K)/W and the cleaning
intervals for nearly five months for the maintenance operation, reducing lost time on the production of paper, and
pressing maintenance cost significantly.
Keywords : Economizer, performance evaluation, fouling factor, cleaning interval

INTRODUCTION
This research was conducted departing from the motivation to seek a solution to an industry problem, namely the
problems faced by the industrial installation of gas-steam power plants, particularly in the economiser tool mounted
on the components of the HRSG (Heat Recovery Steam Generator). The main problems faced by the energy
generating plant is economiser tools that exist in the installation section more often have to undergo maintenance to
cleaning than they should.
According to the specifications of the instrument cleaning should be done once per year. However, in practice the
cleaning operation performed, on average, more than twice per year.
It is certainly cause the tool maintenance costs become very high, is more than two fold higher than expected.
At the same time, the frequency of maintenance resulted in the installation also experience a loss of production
which affects the greater loss overall.
Economizer tool whose primary function is to ensure the flow of water level changes state from a state level subcooler after coming out of the pump into a saturated liquid state level before then evaporated in the evaporator tool.
Pressurized steam is then generated by the system economizer-evaporator-superheater contained in the HRSG is
used to generate electric power generator and propulsion turbine is used for heating in the papermaking process.
Role tool economizer is vital, because if performance economizer impaired so that its performance decreases, it can
lead to the power generated by the turbine will be lower because of the pressure and temperature of the vapor stream
turbine inlet is lower than it should be, then the heating process in the papermaking process be disrupted as well, all
of which would result in huge losses.
The decline in the performance of the economiser, beyond the noise problem in the mechanical system, mainly due
to a decrease in the effectiveness of heat transfer that occurs in the device due to the fouling of surfaces.
Deposit growth on both sides of the surface due to the surface fouling of course take place gradually. Thermal
resistance due to deposits on the surface causes the rate of energy exchange of heat between the hot gas with the
flow of water is lowered so that the effectiveness of heat transfer in the pipeline economiser lower than it should.
The main problem facing tool economizer the research object is a solution that can enable the device include how
long cleaning intervals, so that the maintenance schedule can be estimated and predicted that paper manufacturing
operations are not disturbed, nor maintenance cost can be reduced significantly.