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Step

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Abutment Lateral Movement


- Displacement and Pile Member Force Check
Slope

Slope Tutorial

00
Step

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Displacement and Pile Member Force Check for Abutment


Overview

Using Slope tutorial-3 Abutment


Lateral Movement-Displacement
and Pile Member Force Check can
examine the stability about
movement, behavior and forces of
pile also can be checked.

Abutment
Embankment
Landfill
Alluvial

For performing finite element

Weathered Soil

method
h d (FEM ))analysis,
l i change
h
the material property and define
construction stage after
generating mesh to check

Weathered Rock

deformation of ground and


structure, horizontal displacement
and force of pile at last stage in
steps.
p

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

01 Material Property
Step

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

G
Ground
dP
Properties
ti
No.

Name

Model Type

Modulus of
Elasticity
(kN/m2)

Poissons
Ratio

Unit Weight
(kN/m3)

Saturated
Unit Weight
(kN/m3)

Cohesion
(kN/m2)

Internal
Friction Angle
(degree)

Landfill

Mohr Coulomb

3,000

0.38

19.6

20.6

15

25

Alluvial

Mohr Coulomb

6,400

0.4

17.3

18.3

13.8

25

Weathered Soil

Mohr Coulomb

25,050

0.36

18.3

19.3

20.8

27.8

Weathered
Rock

Mohr Coulomb

117 850
117,850

0 33
0.33

20 3
20.3

21 3
21.3

30 5
30.5

29 5
29.5

Embankment

Mohr Coulomb

50,000

0.32

19.6

20.6

15

25

Abutment

Elastic Ground

20,000,000

0.2

25

25

Structural Property
No.

Name

Element Type

Horizontal
Spacing
(m)

Shape

Section Data
(m)

Material

Steel Pipe 508 Beam

Beam/
AISC-ASTM(SI)

1.270

Pipe

HSS508X12.7

Steel/A242-50

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

02
Step

Import >

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

CAD file(*.dwg/*.dxf)

Procedure
Select the SoilWorks execution

icon from the Desktop.


1

Project Manager > click Slope.

Define Initial Parameters: click OK.

Main Icon > Import > select CAD

File.
4

Select Abutment Lateral

Movement-Displacement and Pile


Member Force Check
Check.dwg
dwg and
click Open.

The user can change the default

units for Force, Length &

Time, kN, m & sec.

If geometric shape of CAD file

can not be displayed, right click


Works Tree > Layer set then use
Modify to change the layer
color.

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

03
Step

Limit Equilibrium Method >


Procedure

Ground Material Property

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

1
2

From the Main Menu, select Limit


Equilibrium Method > Ground
Material Property (command: gm)

Refer to Step 01. to enter the


ground material properties and
click Add.

Click Close.

SoilWorks permits ground material

properties used in projects to be


compiled in a database. The
database is created by editing the
*.gpb file in SoilWorks/Dbase in the
Install folder.

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

04
Step

Limit Equilibrium Method >


Procedure

From the Main Menu, select Limit

Structural Property

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

1
2

Equilibrium Method > Structural


Property (command: sp)
2

Define Geogrid.
Refer to Step 01. to enter the
structural properties and click Add.
Add

Click Close.

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

05
Step

Geometry >

Smart Surface

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Procedure
1

From the Main Menu, select


Geometric Shape > Autogenerate Surfaces (command: ss)

Refer to Page 1 to select Landfill,


Alluvial, Weathered Soil,
Weathered Rock, Embankment,
Abutment under Ground Material
Property sequentially from the
Works Tree and Drag & Drop.

Select 25 curves below abutment ,

Drag & Drop Structure Property


from the Works Tree.
3

Material properties assigned to the

surfaces and curves can be


checked in the Works Tree

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

06
Step

Model >

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Mesh Set

Procedure
Using the surfaces assigned with

material properties to generate


mesh
mesh.
1

From the Main Menu, select


Model > Mesh > Smart
Mesh(command: sm)

Density > select Very Fine Mesh,


Check on the options Generate
Higher Order Elements and
Generate
Generate Triangular Elements
Elements

Uncheck the option Register each


Mesh Set by Domains-Generate
the mesh set according to material
property assigned
assigned.

Click OK.
Check Mesh generated.
3

Higher order elements with

mid-nodes are used for


even better accuracy. But
operation
p
time will be long
g
more or less.

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

06
Step

Model >

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Mesh Set

Procedure
Assign mesh set for construction
stage composition. In case of
surfaces assigned by same

properties, model will be registered


by one mesh set as unchecking the
option Register each Mesh Set by
2

Domains.
1

Right click Mesh Set and click Add


in context menu.

Aft changing
After
h
i Select
S l t Filter
Filt to
t 2D
element, select embankment
elements of abutment then

Drag&Drop unoccupied mesh sets


generated by Add function.
3

Change the name of mesh set


assigned newly to Embankment 2.

Name of mesh set can be changed

by F2.
.

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

07
Step

Load/Boundaries >

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Smart Support

Procedure

Set boundary for mesh set


generated.
2
1

From the Main Menu, select Loads


| Boundaries > Boundaries >

Smart Support (command: as)


4
2

Enter Ground Support in


Boundary Set.

Check on the option Consider All


Mesh Sets.

Click OK

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

07
Step

Load/Boundaries>Water

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Level

Procedure
1

From the Main Menu, select Loads


| Boundaries > Function > Water
Level
1

Select 7 curves as shown in the


diagram.
3

Click OK
2

Saturated Unit Weight (sat) of

Ground Material Properties is used


for the ground below the water level,
and Wet Unit Weight (t) is used for
the ground above the water level.

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

10

08
Step

Analysis/Design>

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Construction Stage(Stage Definition)

Procedure
1

From the Main Menu, select

Analysis/Design > Construction


Stage > Construction Stage
(comman : cs)

Select Add Construction Stage

Select Nonlinear Static Analysis


in Analysis Type, enter 4 in No.

3
4

Click OK.
Select Construction Stage 1,

enter Original Ground in Name,


check on the option Initialize

Displacement
5

Click Modify.
Modify

Select Construction Stage 2,3,4


sequentially and enter

Embankment 1, Abutment, Pile,


E b k
Embankment
t 2 ffor names

respectively.
Click Modify.

Water level defined on the


original stage will be kept to
the last construction stage
without changing.
Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

11

09
Step

Analysis/Design>

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Construction Stage(Stage Models)

Procedure
Define the model, boundary, load

according to construction stage to

be used for analysis.


analysis
Select Analysis/Design >
Construction Stage > step model
from the Main Menu

Select Original Ground and Drag &


Drop Mesh set, Boundary Set. Self
Weight to Activated Data at the
Current Stage as shown right.
3

Activate mesh sets to be used for


stage of embankment 1, abutment /
pile.

Activate ground boundary again for


stage of embankment 2.

Step construction stage can be

Once data added at construction stage model will be kept until deleted. But, in case added elements at

checked from model property

stage touch the ground boundary like embankment, ground boundary of embankment should be generated

if check Simulate Each Stage

separately or ground boundary generated at all model previously should be added again for analysis use as
this tutorial shows.
Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

12

10
Step

Analysis/Design>

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Analysis Case
1

Procedure

Select analysis case for analysis


use
1

From Main Menu select Analysis


& Design > Analysis Control >
Analysis Case (command : ac)
3

Click Add in Define Analysis Case

Enter

Abutment

Lateral

Movement in Name and Select


Construction Stage Analysis in
Construction
Analysis Method
4

Select Analysis Control Data

Check on Initial
Initial Stage for Stress
Analysis & select Original
Ground and Check on Ko
Condition

Click OK

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

13

11
Step

Analysis/Design >
Procedure

Analysis

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

From the Main Menu, select


Analysis/Design > Analysis &
Report
Report.

Click Perform Analysis.

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

14

12
Step

Results >

Analysis of Results (Horizontal Displacement)

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Procedure
1

Select Horizontal Displacement of


the last construction stage in

3
2

Works Tree
2

Select Deformed Shapes in the


Graphic Result and check Apply
Immediately, deformed shapes can

b predicted.
be
di t d
3

Select Detailed result > Result Tag,


the result values on the nodes
selected can be checked by table
data.

OK / NG can be judged by
comparing with allowable horizontal
displacement In case of this
displacement.
example, excessive soil pressure

acted at the back of abutment


result to horizontal displacement
beyond allowable range
range, so it
seems to need alternative method

to using Light Weight Soil,


Strengthened Styrofoam to
decrease soil pressure.

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

15

12
Step

Results >

Analysis of Results (Pile Member Force)

MIDAS IT Co., Ltd.

Procedure
1

From the Post Tree, select


Maximum Combined Stress for
Beam of the last construction stage
Beam
stage.

Maximum Value / Minimum Value

can be checked in Contour Legend.


3

Select Detailed Results > Extract


Results, all the results of pile
elements selected can be printed
by table and graph. Maximum

compressive stress of pile can be


checked by selecting absolute
maximum value.
2

Abutment Lateral Movement-Displacement and Pile Member Force Check

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