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NAME:

SIGNATURE:
CLIENT NUMBER:
DATE:
LICENCE TYPE -

Private Pilot Licence

SUBJECT -

PPL Flight Navigation


Time Allowed:

1 Hour 10 Minutes

Total Questions:

20

Total Marks:

20

Pass Mark:

70%

Items Supplied with Paper:


Examination Answer Sheet (ASL 006)
Loose Paper
Visual Navigation Chart (portion)

Candidate To Supply:
1:250,000 scale rule
360 degree Protractor
Non-electronic Navigation Computer
Writing Equipment

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 1 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation

NOTICE TO CANDIDATES
Candidates are reminded that Civil Aviation Rules (CAR) Part 61.19 and Part 66.15 state:
(a)

(b)

(c)

During any written examination, no person shall:


(1)

copy from another person; or

(2)

refer to any unauthorised source of information; or

(3)

communicate in any way with another person, except the conducting officer; or

(4)

take an examination on behalf of anyone else; or

(5)

remove written or printed material from the examination room.

Any person performing any of the acts specified in paragraph (a) is liable to all or any of
the following:
(1)

failure in that subject.

(2)

disqualification of all or any subjects already passed.

(3)

debarment from sitting further examinations for up to 12 months.

In addition, the performance of that act may result in the suspension or revocation of any
licence or rating issued to that person under this or any other Part of Civil Aviation Rules.

Candidates are advised that this examination is delivered by a Civil Aviation Authority delegation and the
questions cannot be released due to the conditions of the Official Information Act 1982. Also under the
Privacy Act 1993, Section 28 candidates are advised that their examinations will not be released.
Removal of written or printed material from the examination room, or reproduction or copying or disclosure
to any person in any manner any part of the examination paper either during the examination or after the
examination is a breach of ASLs copyright.
I have read and I understand the above information:_____________________________________
(candidates signature)
Aviation Services Limited

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 2 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation

INSTRUCTIONS
1.

Print your name and sign the cover of the answer sheet.

2.

Questions carry equal marks.

3.

IMPORTANT NOTICE
Candidates must complete the Flight Plan at Appendix A, located at the back
of this paper, before attempting to answer the examination questions.
4.

ALL questions are to be answered by placing a cross on the answer sheet with respect to the
answer you consider to be correct, as shown below. Only one square is to be marked.

12
A
B
C

5.

If you wish to change your answer, fill the box in completely and cross another.

6.

Choose the answer which you think best answers the question.

7.

This examination paper, along with all other material, is to be handed to the
Supervisor at the conclusion of the examination.

Please note:
No chart is provided with this Sample Paper. The chart required for the examination
will be supplied at the examination sitting.

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 3 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation

Mark
1

The DISTANCE from FOXPINE to DANNEVIRKE is:

(Refer Appendix A, Figure 1 Flight Plan for PNA20)

34nm.

37nm.

40nm.

43nm.

The TRUE TRACK from DANNEVIRKE to MASTERTON is:


A

200T.

204T.

208T.

212T.

The required MAGNETIC HEADING from FOXPINE to DANNEVIRKE is:


A

039M.

061M.

070M.

083M.

The planned GROUND SPEED from DANNEVIRKE to MASTERTON is:


A

110kt.

115kt.

120kt.

125kt.

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 4 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation

The TOTAL ELAPSED TIME in hours and minutes from FOXPINE to MASTERTON is:
A

0hr 43min.

0hr 56min.

1hr 13min.

1hr 26min.

Given:

Planned departure time

13:00 LST

Planned fuel consumption rate

32 litres per hour

The minimum quantity of fuel required for the flight from FOXPINE to MASTERTON via DANNEVIRKE
including a 16 litres fuel reserve is:

23 litres.

29 litres.

33 litres.

39 litres.

Before the flight you dip the fuel tanks and measure 120 litres of usable fuel in the tanks.

The maximum endurance that would be annotated on the ATC flight plan is:
A

0245.

0275.

0345.

0375.

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 5 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation

Given:

Pressure altitude
Temperature
Indicated Airspeed

6,500 feet
+10C
115kt

The TRUE AIRSPEED is:

116kt.

122kt.

128kt.

134kt.

0150 UTC Set heading overhead FOXPINE.

0204 UTC Pinpoint position overhead WOODVILLE reporting point (approx


S4020` E17552`).
The revised ESTIMATED TIME OF ARRIVAL (ETA) for overhead DANNEVIRKE is:

0158 UTC.

0202 UTC.

0206 UTC.

0210 UTC.

10

Set heading 050M from overhead FOXPINE towards DANNEVIRKE.

Pinpoint position overhead WOODVILLE reporting point (approx S4020` E17552`).


The required MAGNETIC HEADING to fly from an off-track position overhead WOODVILLE to
overhead DANNEVIRKE is:

032M.

037M.

042M.

047M.

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 6 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation

11

0215 UTC

Overhead DANNEVIRKE, now heading towards MASTERTON on a


HEADING of 192M and TAS of 120kt.

0229 UTC

Pinpoint position of aircraft overhead EKETAHUNA (approx


S4039` E17542`).

From overhead EKETAHUNA, the RELATIVE BEARING of DANNEVIRKE from the aircraft is:
Note: Use major road intersection in EKETAHUNA as the position point.

12

005R.

180R.

192R.

356R.

Refer to the following information to select the one option that correctly completes the statement.

Flight Service advise the weather is deteriorating from the West.


You consider diverting to WAIPUKURAU from EKETAHUNA.
Estimated useable fuel on board
Fuel flow
Distance to WAIPUKURAU
Ground speed

51 litres
32 litres per hour
35nm
118kt

The estimated ENDURANCE the aircraft would have on arrival overhead WAIPUKURAU is:

19min.

32min.

47min.

77min.

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 7 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation

13

Given:

Variation
Wind Effect
Deviation

20E
10 right drift
3W

The COMPASS HEADING required to fly a TRUE TRACK of 320 is:

14

287C.

293C.

297C.

303C.

You are flying between WANGANUI and NEW PLYMOUTH. Track is 305M.

2243 UTC

The aircraft position is pinpointed on track 10nm from WANGANUI.


Aircraft maintains a HDG 315M and TAS 115kt.

2303 UTC

The aircraft position is pinpointed 45nm from WANGANUI and is on


track.

The WIND DIRECTION and SPEED between WANGANUI and NEW PLYMOUTH is:
A

308M/24kt.

266M/18kt.

142M/16kt.

013M/22kt.

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 8 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation

15

You are flying between PARAPARAUMU and PALMERSTON NORTH.

Since departing PARAPARAUMU a constant heading has been maintained and the aircraft has
remained on track.
Flight plan track

040M

Heading is

027M

From your present position you plan to reverse track and return to PARAPARAUMU.
The approximate HEADING required to reverse track is:

16

207M.

220M.

233M.

237M.

You dip the fuel tanks and measure 30 Imperial gallons.

According to the aircraft flight manual the fuel capacity is 60 US gallons.


The quantity of fuel in LITRES required to fill the aircraft fuel tanks is:

17

80 litres.

90 litres.

100 litres.

110 litres.

Given:

Chart Scale is 1:50,000


Which statement below is most correct?
A

The maximum error in distances measured on the chart is 1cm in every 50,000cm.

If the distance between points A and B on the chart is 1cm, the distance on the earth
between points A and B is 5,000m.

The distance on the earth between points A and B is 50,000 times the distance measured
on the chart.

The convergence of the meridians of longitude between the two standard parallels going
from the equator to the pole is 1m of latitude for every 50,000m of longitude.

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 9 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation

18

19

POSITION X and POSITION Y are located on the same line of longitude. The distance between
POSITION X (S3756` E17615`) and POSITION Y (S3812` E17615`) is:
A

4nm.

16nm.

32nm.

64nm.

Consider the following statements and select the one that is the correct option.
A

The equator is the only parallel of latitude that is a great circle.

A rhumb line track is the shortest distance between two locations on the earth.

Meridians of longitude are parallel to each other.

All great circle tracks on the earth have constant direction, with reference to true north.

20

1
R501

Mt Bruce
1500
SFC
H24

The information box above is located on the chart approximately 15 nautical miles north of Masterton.
This symbol signifies:

a restricted area, and you must request the prior approval of the designated administering
authority before operating within the airspace to which it applies.

a restricted area, and you are prohibited from operating within the airspace to which it
applies.

a prohibited area, and you are prohibited from operating within the airspace to which it
applies.

a danger area, and you must give due consideration to the potential danger before
operating within the airspace to which it applies.

Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 10 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation


APPENDIX A

A DAYTIME VFR FLIGHT IS TO BE PLANNED OVER THE FOLLOWING ROUTE:

FOXPINE Aerodrome (402730S 17516E) - DANNEVIRKE Aerodrome (4014S 1760440E)


- MASTERTON aerodrome (405830S 17538E).
Plan for the cruise only do not plan for the climb or descent.
Use the following data to complete your Flight Plan:
TAS

120kt

Wind velocity

300T/25kt

Fuel consumption rate

32 litres/hour

This flight plan should be completed to the nearest whole number.

FROM

TO

TR
(T)

W/V
(T)

TAS

HDG
(T)

VAR

HDG
(M)

G/S

DIST

EET

Variation to be used: 22E

Figure 1

Flight Plan for PNA20

Referenced to Question:

Sample Paper

1.

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 11 of 12

Private Pilot Licence

PPL Flight Navigation

EXAMINATION REVIEW
INSTRUCTIONS
Please feel free to comment on this examination and/or sitting.
Please write clearly.
If necessary an additional 5 minutes will be made available to complete this form.
Comments made on this sheet will not adversely affect your examination result.

Examination Paper Comments

Question
Number

(Continue over page if more room is needed)

OFFICIAL
ACTION
TAKEN

Examination Delivery/Sitting Comments


Please tick the appropriate boxes. Where you tick NO please comment in the space below.
Yes

ASL Head Office Staff helpful


Venue location easy to find
Examination venue quiet
Examination venue and furniture acceptable
Correct reading time given

No

Yes
Exam booking for time and date as requested
Acceptance notification clear and accurate
Exam supervised in professional manner
All ASL exam material available and in order
Examination start time clearly advised

No

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Sample Paper

Code

PNA20 R 5

Page 12 of 12