You are on page 1of 23

1-A (OBJECTIVE TYPE QUESTIONS)

Single choice

dsoy ,d fodYi lgh


1.

The first term of an A.P. of consecutive integer is p2 + 1. The sum of (2p + 1) terms of this series can be
expressed as
ekxr iw.kkdks okyh lekUrj Js<+h dk izFke
in bl Js<+h(2p
ds + 1) inksa dk ;ksx bl rjg iznf'kZr fd;k
p2 + 1 gSA

tkrk gS

(A) (p + 1)2
2.

(B) (2p + 1) (p + 1)2

gSA

(C) 750

The sum of integers from 1 to 100 that are divisible by 2 or 5 is


(A) 2550
(B) 1050
(C*) 3050
;k 5 ls foHkkftr gSA
1 ls 100 rd iw.kkZdks dk ;ksx2 tks
(A) 2550

4.

(D*) p3 + (p + 1) 3

If a1, a2, a3,........ are in A.P. such that a1 + a5 + a10 + a15 + a20 + a24 = 225, then
a1 + a2 + a3 + ..... + a23 + a24 is equal to
;fn a1, a2, a3,........ lekUrj Js<+h esa gS] rkfd
a1 + a5 + a10 + a15 + a20 + a24 = 225, rks
a1 + a2 + a3 + ..... + a23 + a24 cjkcj
(A) 909
(B) 75

3.

(C) (p + 1) 3

(B) 1050

(C) 3050

(D*) 900

(D) none of these


(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

The interior angles of a polygon are in A.P. If the smallest angle is 120 & the common difference is 5,
then the number of sides in the polygon is:
(A) 7
(B*) 9
(C) 16
(D) none
;fn cgqHkqt ds vkarfjd dks.k l-Js- esa gSaA ;fn lcls NksVk
dks.k
lkoZvUrj5 gks] rks cgqHkqt esa Hkqtkvksa dh
120 ,oa

la[;k gS
(A) 7

(B) 9

(C) 16

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

5.

Consider an A.P. with first term 'a' and the common difference 'd'. Let Sk denote the sum of its first K
Skx
terms. If S is independent of x, then
x
(A*) a = d/2
(B) a = d
(C) a = 2d
(D) none
,d lekUrj Js<+h dk izFke in'a' vkSj lkoZ vUrj
'd' gSA ekuk
Sk Js.kh ds izFke
K inksa ds ;ksxQy dks iznf'kZr djrk
Skx
rks
gSA ;fn S , x ij fuHkZj ugha gks]
x
(A) a = d/2
(B) a = d
(C) a = 2d
(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

6.

If x R, the numbers 51+x + 51x, a/2, 25x + 25x form an A.P. then 'a' must lie in the interval:
;fn la[;k, 51+x + 51x, a/2, 25x + 25x , x R ,d l-Js- cukrh gks] rksa fdl vUrjky esa gksuk pkfg, \
(A) [1, 5]
(B) [2, 5]
(C) [5, 12]
(D*) [12, )

7.

There are n A.M's between 3 and 54, such that the 8th mean: (n 2)th mean:: 3: 5. The value of n is.
(n 2)th ok ek/;:: 3: 5 gks] rks
n dk eku gS&
;fn 3 vkSj54 ds e/; n lekUrj ek/; bl izdkj gSa fd 8 ok ek/;%
(A) 12
(B*) 16
(C) 18
(D) 20

8.

The third term of a G.P is 4. The product of the first five terms is
(A) 43
(B*) 45
(C) 44
,d xq- Js- dk rhljk in 4 gS] igys5 inks dk xq.kuQy gksxk &
(A) 43

RESONANCE

(B) 45

(C) 44

(D) none of these


(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
1

9.

Suppose a, b, c are in A.P. & a, b, c < 1. If x = 1 + a + a2 +...... to ;


y = 1 + b + b2 +...... to & z = 1 + c + c2 +...... to then x, y, z are in:
(A) A.P.
(B) G.P.
(C*) H.P.
(D) none
a, b, c < 1. ;fn x = 1 + a + a2 +...... ;
ekuka, b, c l-Js- esa gS ,oa
y = 1 + b + b2 +......
(A) l-Js- esa

10.

x, y, z gSa &
,oa z = 1 + c + c2 +...... gks] rks
(B) xq-Js- esa
(C) g-Js- esa

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

If S is the sum to infinity of a G.P. whose first term is a, then the sum of the first n terms is

(A) S 1
S

n

a


(B*) S
S

n

a


(C) a
S

(D) none of these

;fn xq-Js- ftldk izFke in 'a' gS] ds vuUr inksa dk ;ksxQy


S gks] rks izFke
n inksa dk ;ksxQy gS &
a

(A) S 1
S

11.

n

a

(B) S
S

n

a

(C) a
S

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

1
1
1
1
The sum of the series log 4 + log 4 + log 4 + ...... + log 4 is
2
4
8
2n

Js.khlog 4 + log 4 + log 4 + ...... + log n 4 dk ;ksx gSaA


2
4
8
2
1
n (n + 1)
2
1
(C) n (n 1)

1
n (n + 1) (2n + 1)
12
1
(D*)
n (n + 1)
4

(A)

12.

(B)

For a sequence {an}, a1 = 2 and

(A)

an 1
an

1
= . Then
3

is

r 1

(D) none of these


an 1

fdlh vuqe {an} ds fy, a1 = 2 vkSj a


n

1
=
3

20

ar dk eku gS &
gks] rks
r 1

(B) 3 1 20
3

20
[4 + 19 3]
2

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

(C) 2 (1 320)
13.

(B*) 3 1 20
3

20
[4 + 19 3]
2

(C) 2 (1 320)

(A)

20

, be the roots of the equation x 2 3x + a = 0 and , the roots of x 2 12x + b = 0 and numbers
, , , (in this order) form an increasing G.P., then
, lehdj.k x 2 3x + a = 0 ds ewy ,oa, lehdj.k x 2 12x + b = 0 ds ewy gSa vkSj la[;k,

blh e esa o`)eku xq-Js- cukrh gSa] rks


(A) a = 3, b = 12
14.

(B) a = 12, b = 3

(C*) a = 2, b = 32

(D) a = 4, b = 16

The rational number, which equals the number 2. 357 with recurring decimal is
(A)

2355
1001

(B)

,d ifjes; la[;k tks fd la[;k

RESONANCE

2379
997

2. 357

(C*)

2355
999

(D) none of these

ds cjkcj rFkk n'keyr ds ckn iqujkoZr gksA


2

(A)
15.

2355
1001

(B)

2379
997

(C)

2355
999

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

If the sum of the roots of the quadratic equation, ax2 + bx + c = 0 is equal to sum of the squares of their
reciprocals, then

a b c
, ,
are in
c a b

(A) A.P.

(B) G.P.

(C*) H.P.

(D) none

a b c
c a b

, ,gks] rks
;fn f}?kkr lehdj.k ax2 + bx + c = 0 ds ewyksa dk ;ksx] muds O;qRe ds oxks ds ;ksxQy ds cjkcj

fdl Js<+h esagS


(A) l-Js16.

(C) g-Js-

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

1
1
(3 + d) + 2 (3 + 2d) +...... + upto = 8, then the value of d is:
4
4

If 3 +
(A*) 9

;fn 3 +

(B) 5

(C) 1

(D) none of these

1
1
(3 + d) + 2 (3 + 2d) +...... + upto = 8 rc d dk eku gksxkA
4
4

(A) 9

17.

(B) xq-Js-

(B) 5

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

(C) 1

The sum of the first n-terms of the series 12 + 2.22 + 32 + 2.42 + 52 + 2.62 + .......... is

n(n 1)2
, when
2

n is even. When n is odd, the sum is

n(n 1)2
gS tc an le gS] tc n fo"ke
2

Js.kh12 + 2.22 + 32 + 2.42 + 52 + 2.62 + .......... ds izFke


n inks dk ;ksx
gks] rks ;ksx gksxkA
(A)

18.

n(n 1)2
4

(B)

n2 (n 2)
4

(C*)

n 2 (n 1)
2

(D)

n(n 2)2
4

If A, G & H are respectively the A.M., G.M. & H.M. of three positive numbers a, b, & c, then the
equation whose roots are a, b, & c is given by:
a,b,c dk lekUrj ek/;] xq.kkskj ek/; ,oa gjkRed ek/; e'k%
A, G ,oa H gks] rks og
;fn rhu /kukRed la[;kvksa

lehdj.k ftlds ewy a,b,c gSa] gksxh &


(A) x3 3 Ax2 + 3 G3x G3 = 0
(C) x3 + 3 Ax2 + 3 (G3/H) x G3 = 0
19.

If ax = by = cz = dt and a, b, c, d are in G.P., then x, y, z, t are in


(A) A.P.
(B) G.P.
(C*) H.P.
x, rks
y, z, t fdl Js<+h
;fn ax = by = cz = dt vkSja, b, c, d xq-Js- esa gks]
(A) l-Js-

(B) xq-Js-

20.

(B*) x3 3 Ax2 + 3 (G3/H)x G3 = 0


(D) x3 3 Ax2 3 (G3/H) x + G3 = 0

The sum

r2

1
is equal to:
r 1
2

(A) 1

r2

(C) g-Js-

(D) none of these

esa gSa &


(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

(B*) 3/4

(C) 4/3

(D) none

(C) 4/3

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

1
dk eku gS &
r 1
2

(A) 1

RESONANCE

(B) 3/4

Multiple choice

,d ls vf/kd fodYi lgh


21.

For the A.P. given by a1, a2,............., an,..........., the equations satisfied are

a1, a2,............., an,..........., ds fy, fuEu eas ls dkSulk lEcU/k lR; gSa \
lekUrj Js<+h
(A) a1+ 2a2 + a3 = 0
(C) a1 + 3a2 3a3 a4 = 0

22.

If sum of the infinite G.P., p, 1,

;fn vuUr xq-Js-p, 1,

1 1
9
1
, 2 , 3 ,....... is , the value of p is
2
p p
p

1 1
9
1
,
,
,....... dk ;ksxQy gks] rks
p dk eku gS &
2
p p2 p3

(A*) 3
23.

(B*) a1 2a2 + a3 = 0
(D*) a1 4a2 + 6a3 4a4 + a5 = 0

2
3

(B)

(C*)

3
2

(D)

1
3

If positive numbers a, b, c are in A.P. and a2, b2, c2 are in H.P., then
(A*) a = b = c

(C) b2 =

(B*) 2b = a + c

ac
8

(D) none of these

;fn /kukRed la[;k,a,b,c l-Js- esa gks vkSj


a2, b2, c 2 g-Js- esa gks] rks&
(A) a = b = c

24.

ac
8

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

Indicate the correct alternative(s), for 0 < < /2, if:

x=

cos2n , y =

n0

sin2n , z =

n0

(A) xyz = xz + y

cos2n sin2n then:

n0

;fn 0 < < /2 ds fy, x =

25.

(C) b2 =

(B) 2b = a + c

cos2n , y =

n0

(B*) xyz = xy + z

sin2n , z =

n0

n0

cos2n sin2n gks]

(C*) xyz = x + y + z

rks lgh fodYi gS &

(D) xyz = yz + x

If the arithmetic mean of two positive numbers a & b (a > b) is twice their geometric mean, then a: b is:
a ,oa b (a > b) dk lekUrj ek/; muds xq.kkskj ek/; dk nqxquk a:
b gS
;fn nks /kukRed la[;kvksa
gks]
rks&
(A*) 2 + 3 : 2 3

(B*) 7 + 4 3 : 1

(C*) 1: 7 4 3

(D) 2:

26.

If

r(r 1) (2r + 3) = an

+ bn3 + cn2 + dn + e, then

r 1

(A*) a + c = b + d
(C*) a, b 2/3, c 1 are in A.P.

;fn

(B*) e = 0
(D*) c/a is an integer

r(r 1) (2r + 3) = an

+ bn3 + cn2 + dn + e

gks] rks &

r 1

(A) a + c = b + d

(B) e = 0

(C) a, b 2/3, c 1 l-Js- esa gSA

(D) c/a ,d iw.kkd gSA

RESONANCE

1-B (SUBJECTIVE TYPE QUESTIONS)

1.

In an A.P. the third term is four times the first term, and the sixth term is 17 ; find the series.
,d lekUrj Js<+h dk r`rh; in izFke in dk pkj xquk gS vkSj
6 oka in17 gSA Js<+h Kkr dhft,A
Ans.
2, 5, 8,.....

2.

The third term of an A.P. is 18, and the seventh term is 30 ; find the sum of 17 terms.
l-Js- dk rhljk in 18 gSa vkSj
in 30 gSA Js<+h
inksa dk ;ksxQy Kkr dhft,A
7 ok
17ds
Ans.
612

3.

How many terms of the series 9, 6, 3, ..... must be taken that the sum may be 66 ?
Js.kh 9, 6, 3, ..... esa fdrus in ysus pkfg, rkfd mudk ;ksxQy Qy
66 gksA
Ans.
11

4.

Find the number of integers between 100 & 1000 that are
(i) divisible by 7
(ii) not divisible by 7
100 ,oa 1000 ds chp iw.kkd la[;kvksa dh la[;k Kkr dhft, rkfd &
(i) 7 ls foHkkftr gSaA
Ans.
128, 771

5.

(ii) 7 ls foHkkftr ugha gSaA

Find the sum of all those integers between 100 and 800 each of which on division by 16 leaves the
remainder 7.
100 ls 800 ds chp mu lHkh iw.kkdks dk ;ksxQy Kkr dhft,]16ftUgsa
7 izkIr gksrk
ls foHkkftr djus ij 'ks"kQy

gSaA
Ans.
6.

19668

Find the sum of 35 terms of the series whose pth term is


35 inksa dk ;ksxQy Kkr dhft, ftldk p okin
fdlh J s.kh ds
Ans.

p
+ 2.
7
p
+ 2 gSA
7

160

7.

The sum of three numbers in A.P. is 27, and their product is 504, find them.
27 gS vkSj mudk xq.kuQy
504 gS] rks la[;k, Kkr dhft,A
lekUrj Js<+h dh rhu la[;kvksa dk ;ksxQy
Ans.
4, 9, 14

8.

If a, b, c are in A.P., then show that:


(i)
a2 (b + c), b2 (c + a), c2 (a + b) are also in A.P.
(ii)
b + c a, c + a b, a + b c are in A.P.
;fn a, b, c lekUrj Js<+h esa gks] rks fl) dhft, fd
(i)
(ii)

lekUrj Js<+h esa gSaA


b + c a, c + a b, a + b c lekUrj Js<+h esa gSaA
a2 (b + c), b2 (c + a), c2 (a + b)

9.

The third term of a G.P. is the square of the first term. If the second term is 8, find its sixth term.
,d xq-Js- dk rhljk in ] izFke in dk oxZ gSA ;fn f}rh; in8 gks] rks
6 okin Kkr dhft,A
Ans.
128

10.

The continued product of three numbers in G.P. is 216, and the sum of the products of them in pairs is
156; find the numbers
,d xq- Js- ds rhu yxkrkj inks dk xq.kuQy
dk gSA
;ksx la[;k,a Kkr
216 gSA vkSj muds ;qXeks ds xq.kuQy156

RESONANCE

djksA
Ans.

2, 6, 18

11.

If the pth , qth , rth terms of a G.P. be a, b, c respectively, prove that aqr brp c pq = 1.
;fn xq- Js- dspth , qth , rth in e'k%a, b, c gS fl) dhft, fd aqr brp cpq = 1.

12.

The sum of three numbers which are consecutive terms of an A.P. is 21. If the second number is
reduced by 1 & the third is increased by 1, we obtain three consecutive terms of a G.P., find the
numbers.
21 gSA ;fn f}rh; la[;k esa ls ,d de fd;k tk, vkSj r`rh; la[;k
,d lekUrj Js<+h ds rhu ekxr inksa dk ;ksxQy

dks ,d c<+k;k tk,] rks xq-Js- ds rhu ekxr in izkIr gksrs gSa] la[;k, Kkr dhft,A
Ans.
13.

3, 7, 11 or 12, 7, 2

If the pth, qth & rth terms of an AP are in GP. Find the common ratio of the GP.
;fn ,d l-Js- dk pok
,oa rokin xq-Js- esa gks] rks xq-Js- dk lkoZvuqikr Kkr dhft,A
, qok
Ans.

qr
pq

14.

The sum of infinite number of terms of a G.P. is 4 and the sum of their cubes is 192. Find the series.
4 gSA vkSj muds ?kuks dk
192
,d vUur inks okyh xq- Js- ds inks dk ;ksx
;ksx
gSA Js.kh Kkr djksA
Ans.
6, 3, 3/2, ......

15.

If a, b, c, d are in G.P., prove that :


(i)
(ii)

(a2 b2), (b2 c2), (c2 d2) are in G.P.

1
2

a b

1
2

b c

are in G.P..

c d2

;fn a, b, c, d xq-Js- esa gks] rks fl) dhft, fd


:
(i)
(ii)

16.

(a2 b2), (b2 c2), (c2 d2) xq.kkskj Js<+h esa gSaA

1
2

a b

1
2

b c

1
2

c d2

xq.kkskj Js<+h esa gSaA

Sum the following series


(i)

1+

3
4
2
+ 2 + 3 + ........ to n terms.
2
2
2

(ii)

1+

7
15
31
3
+
+
+
+ ..... to infinity..
16
64
256
4

fuEufyf[kr Jsf<+;ksa dk ;ksxQy Kkr dhft,

17.

(i)

1+

3
4
2
+ 2 + 3 + ........ n
2
2
2

(ii)

1+

7
15
31
3
+
+
+
+ .....
16
64
256
4

Ans.

(i)

2n
2

n 1

(ii)

inksa rd
vuUr inksa rd

8
3

Find the sum of n terms of the series the rth term of which is (2r + 1)2r.
,d Js.kh ds n inksa dk ;ksxQy Kkr dhft, ftldk rokin (2r + 1)2r gSA
Ans.
n.2n + 2 2n + 1 + 2.

RESONANCE

18.

Find the 4th term of an H.P. whose 7th term is

,d g-Js- dk pkSFkk
in Kkr dhft, ftldk
Ans.
19.

7ok
in

1
1
and 13th term is
.
20
38
1
20

13 ok
gS vkSj
in

1
38

gSA

1
11

The arithmetic mean of two numbers is 6 and their geometric mean G and harmonic mean H satisfy the
relation G2 + 3 H = 48. Find the two numbers.
6 gSa ,oa mudk xq.kkskj
G rFkk
nks la[;kvksa dk lekUrj ek/;
ek/; gjkRed ek/;H lEcU/kG2 + 3 H = 48 dks larq"V

djrs gks] rks nksuksa la[;k, Kkr dhft,A


Ans.
20.

a = 4, b = 8

If between any two quantities there be inserted two arithmetic means A1, A2; two geometric means
G1, G2; and two harmonic means H1, H2 then prove that G1 G2 : H1 H2 = A1 + A2 : H1 + H2.
;fn nks la[;kvks ds e/; nks lekukUrj ek/;
A1, A2 vkSj nks xq.kkskj
G1ek/;
, G2 vkSj nks gjkRed ek/;
H1, H2 j[ks

tkrs gS rks fl) dhft, fd G1 G2 : H1 H2 = A1 + A2 : H1 + H2.


21.

Using the relation A.M. G.M. prove that

(ii)

2
(x2y + y2z + z2x) (xy2 + yz2 + zx 2) 9x2 y2 z2. (x, y, z are positive real number)

(iii)

(a + b) . (b + c) . (c + a) abc ; if a, b, c are positive real numbers

(i)

tan + cot 2 ; if 0 < <

lEcU/kA.M. G.M. dk mi;ksx djrs gq, fl) dhft, fd &

23.

(ii)

(x2y + y2z + z2x) (xy2 + yz2 + zx 2) 9x2 y2 z2. (x, y, z

(iii)

(a + b) . (b + c) . (c + a) abc ; ;fn a, b, c

/kukRed okLrfod la[;k, gSA


)

/kukRed okLrfod la[;k, gksA

Find the sum of the n terms of the series whose nth term is
n inks dk ;ksx Kkr djks ftldknoka
Js.kh ds
in gSA
(i)
n(n + 2)
(ii)
3n 2n
(i)

1
n (n + 1) (2n + 7)
6

(ii)

1 n+1
(3 + 1) 2n+1
2

Find the sum to n-terms of the sequence.


Js<+h ndsinks dk ;ksx Kkr djks &
(i)
1 + 5 + 13 + 29 + 61 + ........ to n-terms.
(ii)
3 + 33 + 333 + 3333 + .............. to n terms.
Ans.

25.

tan + cot 2 ;

Ans.
24.

;fn 0 < <

(i)

(i) 2n + 2 3n 4

(ii)

1
(10n + 1 9n 10)
27

Find the sum to n-terms of the sequence.

Js<+h ds
n-inks dk ;ksx Kkr djksA
(i)

1
1
1
+
+
+ ....
1.3.5
3.5.7
5. 7.9

(ii)

1 . 3 . 22 + 2 . 4 . 32 + 3 . 5 . 42 + ....

RESONANCE

Ans.

1
1

(ii)
4
(
2
n

1
)(2n 3)
12

(i)

n
(n + 1) (n + 2) (n + 3) (2n + 3)
10

2-A (OBJECTIVE TYPE QUESTIONS)

Single choice

dsoy ,d fodYi lgh


1.

If xi > 0, i = 1, 2, ..., 50 and x 1 + x 2 + .. + x 50 = 50, then the minimum value of

1
1
1
x1 + x 2 + .....+ x 50 equal to
1

;fn xi > 0, i = 1, 2, ..., 50 vkSjx1 + x2 + .. + x50 = 50 gks] rksx + x + .....+ x dk U;wure eku gS&
1
2
50
(B) (50)2

(A*) 50
2.

(C) (50)3

(D) (50)4

If a, a1, a2, a3,..., a2n , b are in A.P. and a, g1, g2, g3,.....g2n, b are in G.P. and h is the harmonic mean of
a and b, then

a 2 a 2n 1
an an 1
a1 a 2n
+
+
...
+
g2 g2n 1
gn gn 1 is equal to
g1g2n

a, g1, g2, g3,.....g2n, b xq-Jsa ,oa b dk gjkRed ek/; h gks]


;fn a, a1, a2, a3,..., a2n , b l-Js- esa gS vkSj
esa gSa rFkk

a1 a 2n

rks g g
1 2n

a 2 a 2n 1
+

g2 g2n 1

an an 1
+ ... +

gn gn 1

dk eku gS &

2n
n
(B) 2nh
(C) nh
(D)
h
h
One side of an equilateral triangle is 24 cm. The midpoints of its sides are joined to form another
triangle whose mid points are in turn joined to form still another triangle. This process continues
indefinitely. Then the sum of the perimeters of all the triangles is
(A*) 144 cm
(B) 212 cm
(C) 288 cm
(D) none of these
,d leckgq f=kHkqt dh ,d Hkqtk
24 lseh- gSA bldh Hkqtkvksa ds e/; fcUnqvksa dks feykus ls vU; f=kHkqt curk gS ft
(A*)

3.

e/; fcUnqvksa dks iqu% feykus ij fdlh vU; f=kHkqt


Z
.k gksrk
dk fuek
gSA ;g e vuUr rd pyrk gks] rks lHkh f=kHkqtksa
ds ifjekiksa dk ;ksxQygS
(A) 144 lseh(B) 212 lseh(C) 288 lseh(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
4.

If the sum of n terms of a G.P. (with common ratio r) beginning with the pth term is k times the sum of
an equal number of terms of the same series beginning with the qth term, then the value of k is:
;fn ,d xq-Js- lkoZvUrj
inksa dk ;ksxQy] mlh Js<+h
ds in ls izkjEHk gksus
r) ds p osa in ls izkjEHk gksus
n okys
q osa

okys leku inksa ds ;ksx kdkxquk gks] krks


dk eku gS
(A) rp/q

5.

(B) rq/p

(C*) r p q

If A1, A2 be two A.M.s and G1, G2 be two G.M.s between a and b, then

(D) rp + q

A1 A 2
G1G2 is equal to
A1 A 2

;fn a vkSjb ds e/; nks lekUrj ek/; A1, A2 vkSj nks xq.kkskjG1ek/;
, G2 gks] rksG G
1

RESONANCE

dk eku gS &

(A)
6.

ab
2ab

(B)

8.

ab
ab

2ab
(C)
ab

ab
(B)
2

(D)

ab
ab

a b

(D*)

In a G.P. of positive terms, any term is equal to the sum of the next two terms. The common ratio of the
G.P. is
/kukRed inksa okyh ,d xq-Js- dk izR;sd in blds vxys nksa inksa ds ;ksx ds cjkcj gSA xq-Js- dklkoZ vuqikr g
(A) 2 cos 18
(B) sin 18
(C) cos 18
(D*) 2 sin 18

1
2
1
1
1
1
1
If 2 + 2 + 2 +...... upto =
, then 2 + 2 + 2 +...... =
6
1
1
2
3
3
5
(A) 2/12

(B) 2/24

(C*) 2/8

(D) none of these

1
2
1
1
1
1
1
+
+
+......
=
gks] rks2 + 2 + 2 +...... =
2
2
2
1
6
1
2
3
3
5

;fn

(A) 2/12
9.

(C*)

If P, Q be the A.M., G.M. respectively between any two rational numbers a and b, then P Q is equal
to
a ,oa b ds e/; xq.kkskj ek/; ,oa lekUrj ek/; e'k%
P ,oaQ gks] rks
P Q dk eku gS&
fdUgha nks ifjes; la[;kvksa
a b
(A)
a

7.

2ab
ab

(B) 2/24

(C) 2/8

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

If a1, a2,... an are in A.P. with common difference d 0, then the sum of the series
(sin d) [cosec a1 cosec a2 + cosec a2 cosec a3 + ... + cosec an1 cosec an]
(A) sec a1 sec an
(B) cosec a1 cosec an
(C*) cot a1 cot an
(D) tan a1 tan an
d 0 esa gks] rks
;fn a1, a2,... an l-Js- lkoZvUrj
(sin d) [cosec a1 cosec a2 + cosec a2 cosec a3 + ... + cosec an1 cosec an] dk ;ksxQy gS &
Js<+h
(A) sec a1 sec an

10.

(C) cot a1 cot an


(D) tan a1 tan an
Sum of the series
S = 12 22 + 32 42 + .... 20022 + 20032 is
(A*) 2007006
(B) 1005004
(C) 2000506
2
2
2
2
2
2
Js.khS = 1 2 + 3 4 + .... 2002 + 2003 dk ;ksxQy gS
(A) 2007006

11.

If Hn = 1 +

(B) 1005004

(C) 2000506

(D) none of these


(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

1
5
1
1
3
2n 1
+
+ ...........+ , then value of 1 +
+
+ ......... +
is
3
3
2
n
2
n

;fn Hn = 1 +
(A*) 2n Hn
12.

(B) cosec a1 cosec an

1
1
1
+
+ ...........+
3
2
n
(B) 2n + Hn

1+
gks] rks

5
3
2n 1
+
+ ......... +
dk eku
3
2
n
(C) Hn 2n
(D) Hn + n

gSa &

If S1 , S2, S3 are the sums of first n natural numbers, their squares, their cubes respectively, then
S 3 (1 8S1 )
S 22

is equal to
S 3 (1 8S1 )

;fn S1 , S2, S3 e'k% izFke


n izkd`r la[;kvksa dk] muds oxksZ dk vkSj muds ?kuksa dk ;ksxQy2 gks] rks
S
2

dk eku gSa &


(A) 1

RESONANCE

(B) 3

(C*) 9

(D) 10

Multiple choice

,d ls vf/kd fodYi lgh


13.

The sides of a right triangle form a G.P. The tangent of the smallest angle is
fdlh ledks.k f=kHkqt dh Hkqtk, xq-Js- esa gks] rks lcls NksVs dks.k
dh Li'kZT;k gSa
5 1
2

(A)
14.

(B*)

5 1
2

(C*)

2
5 1

(D)

2
5 1

If b1, b2, b3 (bi > 0) are three successive terms of a G.P. with common ratio r, the value of r for which the
inequality b3 > 4b2 3b1 holds is given by
;fn b 1 , b 2 , b 3 (b i > 0) ,d xq- Js-
lkoZvuqikrr ds rhu ekxr in gks] rks vl fedk
b3 > 4b2 3b1
(A*) r > 3

r dk eku gS &
dks larq"V djus okyk
(B*) 0 < r < 1

(C*) r = 3.5

(D*) r = 5.2

2-B (SUBJECTIVE TYPE QUESTIONS)

1.

The sum of the first ten terms of an AP is 155 & the sum of first two terms of a GP is 9. The first term
of the AP is equal to the common ratio of the GP & the first term of the GP is equal to the common
difference of the AP. Find the two progressions.
,d l-Js- ds izFke 10 inksa dk ;ksxQy
155 gS vkSj ,d xq-Js- ds izFke
2 inksa dk ;ksx
9 gSA l-Js- dk izFke in]

xq-Js- ds lkoZvuqikr ds cjkcj gS vkSj xq-Js- dk izFke in] l-Js- ds lkoZvUrj ds cjkcj gSA nksuksa Jsf<+;k Kkr d
Ans.
2.

(3 + 6 + 12 +......);

Find the sum in the nth group of sequence,


fuEu vuqeksan osa
dslewg dk ;ksxQy Kkr dhft,
(i)
1, (2, 3); (4, 5, 6, 7); (8, 9,........, 15); ............
(ii)
Ans.

3.

(2/3 + 25/3 + 625/6 +......)

(1), (2, 3, 4), (5, 6, 7, 8, 9),........


(i) 2n 2 (2n + 2n 1 1)
(ii) (n 1)3 + n3

Find the sum of the series

55
555
5555
5
+
+ ... up to
2 +
3 +
(13)
(13)
(13)4
13
55
555
5555
5
+
+
+
+ ...
(13)2
(13)3
(13)4
13

Js.kh
Ans.
4.

ds vuUr inksa dk ;ksxQy Kkr dhft,A

65
36

If 0 < x < and the expression


exp {(1 + cos x + cos2 x + cos3 x + cos4 x + ....... upto ) loge 4}
satisfies the quadratic equation y2 20y + 64 = 0 the find the value of x.
;fn 0 < x < vkSj O;atd
exp {(1 + cos x + cos2 x + cos3 x + cos4 x + ....... upto ) loge 4}

f}?kkr lehdj.k y2 20y + 64 = 0 dks larq"V djrk gks]xrks


dk eku Kkr dhft,A
Ans.

5.

2
,
,
2 3
3

Show that

2,

RESONANCE

3,

5 cannot be the terms of a single A.P..


10

iznf'kZr dhft, fd 2 , 3 , 5 fdlh l-Js- ds in ugha gks ldrs gSaA


6.

In a circle of radius R a square is inscribed, then a circle is inscribed in the square, a new square in the
circle and so on for n times. Find the limit of the sum of areas of all the circles and the limit of the sum
of areas of all the squares as n .
R f=kT;k ds o`k esa ,d oxZ cuk;k tkrk gS vkSj iqu% ml oxZ ds vUnj ,d o`k cuk;k tkrk gS ,oa o`k ds vUn

u;k oxZ rFkk ;g en ckj pyrk gSA tc n gks]rks lHkh o`kksa vkSj oxks ds {ks=kQyksa ds ;ksxQyksa d
dhft,A
Ans.

2 R2; 4 R2

Given that are roots of the equation, A x2 4 x + 1 = 0 and , the roots of the equation,
B x2 6 x + 1 = 0, find values of A and B, such that , , & are in H.P.
;fn lehdj.k A x2 4 x + 1 = 0 ds ewy rFkk
, lehdj.k B x2 6 x + 1 = 0 ds ewy gks] rks
A rFkkB ds

7.

eku Kkr dhft, ftuds fy,


Ans.
8.

, , ,oa g-Js- esa gSaA

A = 3; B = 8

If a, b, c are positive real numbers then prove that


b2c2 + c2a2 + a2b2 abc (a + b + c).

;fn a, b, c /kukRed okLrfod la[;k, gks] rks fl) dhft, fd


b2c2 + c2a2 + a2b2 > abc (a + b + c).
9.

Sum the following series to n terms.


n inksa dk ,oa vuUr inksa dk ;skxQy Kkr dhft,
:
fuEufyf[kr Jsf.k;ksa
n

(i)

r (r + 1) (r + 2) (r + 3)

r 1

(ii)

n
n 1
1

......
.
1. 2 . 3 2 . 3. 4
n (n 1) (n 2)

Ans.

(i) (1/5) n (n + 1) (n + 2) (n + 3) (n + 4)
(ii)

10.

Sum of the following series


fuEufyf[kr Jsf.k;ksa
n inksa dk ,oa vuUr inksa dk ;skxQy Kkr dhft,
:
(i)

(ii)

Ans.
11.

n (n 1)
4 (n 2)

12

22 32
4 2 52 6 2
2 3 4 5 +........
5
5
5
5
5
1
2

11 1
(i)

25
54

(ii)

2
2

1 2 2

4 +

n (n 1)
2

2 (n n 1)

3
2

1 3 34
; s =

+........

1
2

If a, b, c are positive real numbers and sides of the triangle then prove that
(a + b + c)3 27 (a + b c) (c + a b) (b + c a)

;fn a, b, c /kukRed okLrfod la[;k, gSa vkSj ,d f=kHkqt dh Hkqtk, gks] rks fl) dhft, fd

RESONANCE

11

(a + b + c)3 > 27 (a + b c) (c + a b) (b + c a)
12.

If the sum of m terms of an A.P. is equal to the sum of the n terms and the next p terms, then prove that
1 1
1 1
(m + n) = (m + p) .
m n
m p

3-A (MATCH THE COLUMN)

1.

Column

Column
x

(A)

If log52, log5(2 5) and log5(2 7/2) are in A.P.,


then value of 2x is equal to

(p)

(B)

Let Sn denote sum of first n terms of an A.P. If S2n = 3Sn,

(q)

(r)

(s)

S3n
then S is
n
Sum of infinite series 4 +

(D)

The length,breath, height of a rectangular box are in G.P. The


volume is 27, the total surface area is 78. Then the length is
(A) (p),
(B) (p),
(C) (q),
(D) (q)

Ans.

2.

12
16
8
+ 2 + 3 + - - - is
3
3
3

(C)

Column

Column

(A)

If logxy , logzx, logyz are in G.P., xyz = 64 and x3,y3,z3


3x
are in A.P., then y =

(B)

(p)

The value of 2 4 . 4 8 . 16 - - - =
8

(q)

(C)

If x, y, z are in A.P., then


(x + 2y z) (2y + z x) (z + x y) = kxyz,
where k N, then k =

(r)

(D)

There are m A.Ms between 1 and 31. If the ratio of the

(s)

m
=
7
(C) (s),

7th and (m 1)th means is 5 : 9 then


Ans.

(A) (r),

(B) (p),

(D) (p)

3-B (ASSERTION/REASON)

RESONANCE

12

3.

Statement 1 : The series for which sum to n terms, Sn , is given by Sn = 5n2 + 6n is an A.P.
Statement 2 : The sum to n terms of an A.P. having nonzero common difference is a quadratic in n,
i.e., an2 + bn.
(A) Statement 1 is true, Statement - 2 is true ; Statement - 2 is correct explanation for statement1.
(B*) Statement1 is true, Statement-2 is true;Statement2 is not a correct explanation for statement-1.
(C) Statement-1 is true, Statement-2 is false.
(D) Statement 1 is false, Statement 2 is true.

4.

STATEMENT-1 : 1, 2, 4, 8, ......... is a G.P., 4, 8, 16, 32 is a G.P. and 1 + 4, 2 + 8, 4 + 16, 8 + 32, .......


is also a G.P.
STATEMENT-2 : Let general term of a G.P. with common ratio r be Tk + 1 and general term of another G.P. with
common ratio r be Tk + 1, then the series whose general term Tk + 1 = Tk + 1 + Tk + 1 is also
a G.P. with common ratio r.
(A*) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is a correct explanation for Statement-1.
(B) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for Statement-1
(C) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is False
(D) Statement-1 is False, Statement-2 is True
dFku-1 : 1, 2, 4, 8, ......... , d xq.kkskj Js<+h4,g8,
S]16, 32 , d xq.kks kj Js<+h

gS vkSj
,d xq.kkskj Js<+h gSA
Tk + 1 in
r lkoZ vuqikr okyh ,d vU;
dFku-2 : ekukfdr lkoZ vuqikr okyh ,d xq.kkskj Js<+h dk O;kid
gS vkSj
xq.kkskj Js<+h dk O;kid
gS] rks Js.kh ftldk O;kid inTk + 1 = Tk + 1 + Tk + 1 gS] Hkh ,d xq.kkskj
Tk +in
1
Js<+h gS ftldk lkoZ vuqikr
r gSA
1 + 4, 2 + 8, 4 + 16, 8 + 32, ....... Hkh

(A*) dFku&
1 lR;

2 lR; gS ; dFku&
2, dFku&
1 dk lgh Li"Vhdj.k gSA
gS] dFku&
(B) dFku&
1 lR; gS] dFku&
2 lR; gS ; dFku&
2, dFku&
1 dk lgh Li"Vhdj.k ugha gSA
(C) dFku&
1 lR; gS] dFku&
2 vlR; gS ;
(D) dFku&
1 vlR; gS] dFku&
2 lR; gS
Sol.
Hindi

Let Tk + 1 = ark and Tk + 1 = brk.


Since Tk + 1 = ark + brk = (a + b) rk,
ekukfd Tk + 1 = ark vkSjTk + 1 = brk.

pwfdTk + 1 = ar + br = (a + b) r ,
k

[S & S, M]

Tk + 1 is general term of a G.P.


[S & S, M]

Tk + 1

,d xq.kkskj Js<+h dk O;kid in gS

5.

Statement 1 : The sum of the first 30 terms of the sequence 1,2,4,7,11,16,22- - - is 4520.
Statement 2 : If the successive differences of the terms of a sequence form an A.P. then general term
of sequence is of the form an2 + bn + c.
(A) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true; statement-2 is a correct explanation for statement-1.
(B) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true; statement-2 is not a correct explanation for statement-1.
(C) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is false.
(D*) Statement-1, is false, statement -2 is true.

6.

Statement 1 : 3,6,12 are in G.P., then 9,12,18 are in H.P.


Statement 2 : If middle term is added in three consecutive terms of a G.P, resultant will be in H.P.
(A*) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true; statement-2 is a correct explanation for statement1.
(B) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true; statement-2 is not a correct explanation for statement-1.
(C) Statement-1 is true,statement-2 is false.
(D) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true.

3-C (COMPREHENSSION)

RESONANCE

13

7.

Comprehension
We know that 1 + 2 + 3 + ....... =

12 + 22 + 32 + .......... + n2 =

n(n 1)
= f(n),
2

n(n 1) ( 2n 1)
= g(n),
6
2

n(n 1)
= h(n)
1 + 2 + 3 + .......... + n =
2
3

7.1
Sol.

g(n) g(n 1) must be equal to


(A*) n2
(B) (n 1)2
(C) n 1
(D) n3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
g(n) g(n 1) = 1 + 2 + 3 + ......... + (n 1) + n (1 + 2 + 3 + ........ + (n 1)2) = n2

7.2

Greatest even natural number which divides g(n) f(n), for every n 2, is
(A*) 2
(B) 4
(C) 6
(D) none of these

Sol.

g(n) f(n)

for n = 2

n(n 1)(2n 1)
n(n 1)
n(n 1) 2n 1 1
n(n 1) 2n 2

=
6
3
3

2
2
2

n(n 1)(n 1)
(n 1) n (n 1)
=
3
3

(n 1) n (n 1)
1 .2 . 3
=
which is divisible by 2 but not by 22
3
3

7.3

greatest even integer which divides

(n 1) n (n 1)
, for every n N, n 2, is 2
3

f(n) + 3 g(n) + h(n) is divisible by 1 + 2 + 3 + ........... + n


(A) only if n = 1
(B) only if n is odd
(C) only if n is even

Sol.

n(n 1)
n(n 1)
n(n 1)(2n 1)

f(n) + 3g(n) + h(n) =


+
+
2
2
2
=

(D*) for all n N

n(n 1) 1 2n 1 n(n 1)

= (1 + 2 + 3 + ...... + n)
2

n(n 1)

2n 2

8.

Comprehension
In a sequence of (4n + 1) terms the first (2n + 1) terms are in AP whose common difference is 2, and the
last (2n + 1) terms are in GP whose common ratio 0.5. If the middle terms of the AP and GP are equal,
then

8.1

Middle term of the sequence is


(A*)

8.2

n . 2n 1
2n 1

(B)

n . 2n 1
2 2n 1

(C) n . 2n

(D) None of these

First term of the sequence is


(A)

4n 2n . 2n
2n 1

RESONANCE

(B*)

4n 2n . 2n
2n 1

(C)

2n n . 2n
2n 1

(D)

2n n . 2n
2n 1

14

8.3

Middle term of the GP is

2n

(A)
Sol.

(B)

2 1

n . 2n

(C)

2 1

n
n

2 1

(D*)

2n
n

2 1

(8.1, 8.2, 8.3)


a1, a2, a3, ..... a2n , a2n+1, ...... a4n+1
Middle term of AP = Middle term of GP
a + nd = a2n + 1 rn
a + 2n = (a + 4n)

1
2n

a.2n + 2n. 2n = a + 4n
a=

4n 2n . 2n
2n 1

Middle term of the sequence


a2n + 1 = a + 2nd

4n 2n . 2n

2n 1

+ 4n =

n . 2n 1
2n 1

Middle term of the GP


= a2n + 1 . (r)n

n.2n 1
n

2 1

1
2n

2n
2n 1

3-D (TRUE/FALSE)

9.

Equal numbers are always in A.P. , G.P. and H.P.

[False]

leku la[;k, lnSo lekUrj Js<+h] xq.kkskj Js<+h rFkk gjkRed Js<+h esa gksrh gSA
Sol.

equal numbers are not alsways in A.P., G.P. and in H.P.


for example 0, 0, 0, ........
a

10.

1 1
1
If x > 1 and , , are in G.P., then a, b, c are in AP
x
x

x
1

a, rks
b, c fdl Js<+h esa gS &
;fn x > 1 vkSj x , x , x xq-Js- esa gks]


Ans.
11.

True

If a, b, c be in H.P., then a

b b
b
,
,c
will be in AP
2 2
2
b
2

;fn a, b, c g-Js- esa gks]arks


,
Ans.

12.

If

False (GP)

a be y
a be y

Ans.

b
b
fdl Js<+h esa gS &
,c
2
2

b ce y
b ce y

c de y
c de y

then a,b,c,d are in H.P..

False (G.P.)

RESONANCE

15

1
13.

If

b c

Ans.

c a

1
,

a b

are in A.P. then 9ax+1 , 9bx+1,9cx+1 , x 0 are in G.P.


.P.

True

3-E (FILL IN THE BLANKS)

14.

The sum to n terms of the series,

Js.kh

1 3 7 15
+
+ +
+...... is equal to _____________
2 4 8 16

1 3 7 15
+
+ +
+...... ds n inksa dk ;ksxQy gS &
2 4 8 16

Ans.

2n + n 1

15.

If tn denotes the nth term of the series 2 + 3 + 6 + 11 + 18 + .......... then t50 is ____________
;fn tn Js.kh2 + 3 + 6 + 11 + 18 + .......... dsnosa in dks iznf'kZr djrk gS]t50rks
gS &
Ans.
492 + 2

16.

If Sn = n2a +
Ans.

17.

d
2

If x > 0 then the expression

Ans.
18.

2a +

n
(n 1)d is the sum of first n terms of A.P., then common difference is _________
4

x100
1 x x 2 x 3 ..... x 200

is always less than or equal to ___________

1
201

If G1 and G2 are two geometric means and A is the arithmetic mean inserted between two positive
numbers then the value of
Ans.

G12 G22

is ________ .
G2 G1

2A

4-A (PREVIOUS JEE QUESTIONS)

IIT-JEE - 2007
1.

Comprehension

[IIT - 2007]
[IIT - 2007]

vuqPNsn

Let Vr denote the sum of the first r terms of an arithmetic progression (A.P.) whose first term is r and the
common difference is (2r 1). Let
Tr = Vr + 1 Vr 2 and Qr = Tr + 1 Tr for r = 1, 2, ......

RESONANCE

16

ekukVr ,d lekukUrj Js.kh ds izFker inks ds ;ksx dks iznf'kZr djrk gS ftldk izFker gS
in vkSj lkoZvUrj
(2r 1) gSA ekuk
Tr = Vr + 1 Vr 2 vkSjQr = Tr + 1 Tr r = 1, 2, ...... ij
1.1.

1.2

1.3

The sum V1 + V2 + .... + Vn is


V1 + V2 + .... + Vn dk ;ksx gS

&

(A)

1
n(n + 1) (3n2 n + 1)
12

(B*)

1
n(n + 1) (3n2 + n + 2)
12

(C)

1
n(2n2 n + 1)
2

(D)

1
(2n3 2n + 3)
3

Tr is always
(A) an odd number
(C) a prime number
Tr ges'kk gS &
(A) ,d fo"ke la[;k
(C) ,d vHkkT; la[;k

(B) an even number


(D*) a composite number
(B) ,d le la[;k
(D) la;qDr la[;k

Which one of the following is a correct statement ?


(A) Q1, Q2, Q3,...... are in A.P. with common difference 5
(B*) Q1, Q2, Q3,...... are in A.P. with common difference 6
(C) Q1, Q2, Q3,..... are in A.P. with common difference 11
(D) Q1 = Q2 = Q3 = ......

fuEu esa ls dkSuls dFku lR; gS &


(A) Q1, Q2, Q3,...... l- Js- esa gS ftldk lkoZvUrj
5 gS
(B) Q1, Q2, Q3,...... l- Js- esa gS ftldk lkoZvUrj
6 gS
(C) Q1, Q2, Q3,..... l- Js- esa gS ftldk lkoZvUrj
11 gS
(D) Q1 = Q2 = Q3 = ......
2.

Comprehension

[IIT - 2007]
[IIT - 2007]

vuqPNsn

Let A1, G1, H1 denote the arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, respectively, of two distinct positive
numbers. For n 2, let An 1 and Hn 1 have arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means as An, Gn, Hn
respectively.
ekukA1, G1, H1 fdlh nks /kukRed fHkUu&fHkUu la[;k ds lekUrj] xq.kkskj vkSj gjkRed ek/; dks iznf'kZr djrs gS
n 2, ekukAn, Gn, Hn e'k%An 1 vkSjHn 1 ds lekUrj] xq.kkskj vkSj gjkRed ek/; gSA
2.1

Which one of the following statements is correct ?


(A) G1 > G2 > G3 > .......
(B) G1 < G2 < G3 < ......
(C*) G1 = G2 = G3 = .......
(D) G1 < G3 < G5 < ...... and G2 > G4 > G6 > ........

fuEu esa ls dkSulk dFku lR; gS &


(A) G1 > G2 > G3 > .......
(C) G1 = G2 = G3 = .......
2.2

(B) G1 < G2 < G3 < ......


(D) G1 < G3 < G5 < ...... rFkkG2 > G4 > G6 > ........

Which one of the following statements is correct ?


(A*) A1 > A2 > A3 > ......
(B) A1 < A2 < A3 < ......
(C) A1 > A3 > A5 > ....... and A2 < A4 < A6 < ........ (D) A1 < A3 < A5 < ......... and A2 > A4 > A6 > .......

fuEu esa ls dkSulk dFku lR; gS &


(A) A1 > A2 > A3 > ......
(C) A1 > A3 > A5 > .......
2.3

(B) A1 < A2 < A3 < ......

rFkkA2 < A4 < A6 < ........ (D) A1 < A3 < A5 < ......... rFkkA2 > A4 > A6 > .......

Which one of the following statements is correct ?


(A) H1 > H2 > H3 > .....
(B*) H1 < H2 < H3 < ......

RESONANCE

17

(C) H1 > H3 > H5 > ... and H2 < H4 < H6 < ......

(D) H1 < H3 < H5 < ....... and H2 > H4 > H6 > ......

(A) H1 > H2 > H3 > .....


(C) H1 > H3 > H5 > ... rFkkH2 < H4 < H6 < ......

(B) H1 < H2 < H3 < ......


(D) H1 < H3 < H5 < ....... rFkkH2 > H4 > H6 > ......

fuEu esa ls dkSulk dFku lR; gS &

IIT-JEE - 2006
2

3.

3
3
3 3
+ + ......(1)n1 and bn = 1 an, then find the minimum natural number n0 such
4 4
4
4
that bn > an n > n0
[IIT 2006, 6]
If an =

3
3
3 3
;fn an = 4 + 4 + ......(1)n1 4
4


fy, bn > an n > n0 gSA
Ans.
minimum natural number n0 = 6

n0 Kkr dhft, ftlds


vkSjbn = 1 an gks] rks U;wure izkd`r la[;k
[IIT-2006 (6, 0)]

IIT-JEE - 2005
4.

In the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, = b2 4ac and + , 2 + 2, 3 + 3, are in G.P. where


are the root of ax2 + bx + c = 0, then
[IIT - 2005]
2
2
2
2
3
3
fdlh f}?kkr lehdj.k ax + bx + c = 0 esa = b 4ac vkSj + , a + , + xq-Js-esa gSaA
tgk
lehdj.k ax2 + bx + c = 0 ds ewy gks] rks
(A) 0
(B) b 0
(C*) c 0
(D) 0

IIT-JEE - 2004
5.

An infinite G.P. has first term as x and sum upto infinity as 5. Then the range of values of x is:
[IIT - 2004, 3]
x in
5 gks] rks
x ds ekuksa dk ifjlj gS &
;fn vuUr inksa okyh xq-Js- dk izFke
vkSj vuUr inksa dk ;ksx
[IIT-2004, 3]
(A) x 10
(B) x 10
(C*) 0 < x < 10
(D) 10 x 10

IIT-JEE - 2003
6.

tan 2

2
If 0 , then x x +
is always greater than or equal to:
2
x2 x

;fn 0 ,

tan 2

2
dk U;wure eku gS &
gks] rks x x + 2
2
x x

(A*) 2 tan
7.

[IIT- 2003, 3]

(B) 1

(C) 2

[IIT-2003, 3]
(D) sec2

If a, b & c are in arithmetic progression and a2, b2 & c2 are in harmonic progression, then prove that
either a = b = c or a, b &

c
are in geometric progression.
2

[IIT 2003, 4]

c
2
[IIT-2003, 4]

a2, b2, c2 g-Js- esa gks] rks fl) dhft, fd ;k rksa = b = c ;k a, b,


;fn a, b, c l-Js- esa gSa vkSj

xq-Js- esa gSaA


IIT-JEE - 2002

RESONANCE

18

8.

If a1, a2, a3, ........., an are positive real numbers whose product is a fixed number c, then the minimum
value of a1 + a2 + a3 + .... + an 1 + 2an is
[IIT - 2002, 3]
;fn a1, a2, a3, ........., an /kukRed okLrfod la[;k, gSa] ftudk xq.kuQy ,d fLFkj la[;k
c gS]
rks a1 + a2 + a3 + .... + an 1 + 2an dk U;wure eku gS &
[IIT-2002, 3]
(A*) n(2c)1/n
(B) (n + 1) c1/n
(C) 2nc1/n
(D) (n + 1)(2c)1/n

9.

Suppose a, b, c are in A.P. and a2, b2, c2 are in G.P. if a < b < c and a + b + c =

3
, then the value of
2
[IIT - 2002, 3]

a is
a2, b2, c2 xq-Js- esa gSAa;fn
< b < c vkSja + b + c =
ekuka, b, c l-Js- esa gSa vkSj

3
2

a dk eku gS

gks] rks
[IIT-2002, 3]

1
(A)
10.

1
(B)

2 2

2 3

(C)

1
1

3
2

(D*)

1
1

2
2

Let a, b be positive real numbers. If a, A1, A2, b are in arithmetic progression,a, G1, G2, b are in
geometric progression and a, H1, H2, b are in harmonic progression, show that

(2 a b) (a 2 b)
G1 G 2
A A2
= 1
=
.
9ab
H1 H 2
H1 H 2

[IIT 2002, 5 ]

A1, A2, b l-Js- esa]a, G1, G2, b xq-Js- esa vkSj


a, H1, H2, b
ekukfda, b /kukRed okLrfod la[;k, gSa rFkka,;fn
g-Js- esa gks] rks iznf'kZr dhft, fd &

(2 a b) (a 2 b)
G1 G 2
A A2
= 1
=
.
9ab
H1 H 2
H1 H 2

[IIT-2002, 5 ]

IIT-JEE - 2001
11.

Let , be the roots of x2 x + p = 0 and , be the roots of x2 4x + q = 0. If are in G.P., then


the integral values of p and q respectively, are
[IIT - 2001]
2
2
;fn lehdj.k x x + p = 0 ds ewy
gS vkSj lehdj.kx 4x + q = 0 ds ewy, gSA ;fn xq-Js[IIT-2001]
esa gks] prks
rFkkq ds iw.kkd eku e'k% gSa &
(A*) 2, 32
(B) 2, 3
(C) 6, 3
(D) 6, 32

12.

If the sum of the first 2n terms of the A.P. 2, 5, 8, ....., is equal to the sum of the first n terms of the
A.P. 57, 59, 61, ..., then n equals
[IIT - 2001]
;fn l-Js- 2, 5, 8, ....., ds izFke2n inksa dk ;ksx l-Js57, 59, 61, ..., ds izFken inksa ds ;ksxQy ds cjkcj gks]
rksn dk eku gSa&
[IIT-2001]
(A) 10
(B) 12
(C*) 11
(D) 13

13.

Let the positive numbers a, b, c, d be in A.P. Then abc, abd, acd, bcd are:
[IIT - 2001, 1]
(A) not in A.P./G.P./H.P.
(B) in A.P.
(C) in G.P.
(D*) in H.P.
;fn /kukRed la[;k,a, b, c, d l-Js- esa gks] rks
abc, abd, acd, bcd fdl Js<+h esa gSa & [IIT-2001, 1]
(A) l-Js-/xq-Js/g-Js- esa ugha gSA
(B) l-Js- esa gSA
(C) xq-Js- esa gSA

14.

(D) g-Js- esa gSA

Let a1, a2,........, be positive real number in geometric progression. For each n, let An, Gn, Hn be
respectively the arithmetic mean, geometric mean & harmonic mean of a1, a2,......, an. Find an expression
for the geometric mean of G1, G2,......, Gn in terms of A1, A2, ........, An, H1, H2, ......., Hn.
[IIT - 2001, 5]
ekukfd /kukRed okLrfod la[;k,
dk
lekUrj
ek/;] xq.kkskj
a1, a2,........, xq-Js- esa gSAa;fn
,
a
,......,
a
1
2
n
n ds fy, e'k AM, GM, HM gSa] rks
G1, G2,......, Gn ds
ek/;] gjkRed ek/; e'k%An, Gn, Hn gks] rks izR;sd
A1, A2, ........, An, H1, H2, ......., Hn ds inksa esa ,d O;atd Kkr dhft,A
[IIT-2001, 5]
xq.kkskj ek/; ds fy,

RESONANCE

19

Ans.

G=

( A k Hk ) 2n

K 1

IIT-JEE - 2000
15.

If a, b, c, d are positive real numbers such that a + b + c + d = 2, then M = (a + b) (c + d) satisfies the


relation:
[IIT - 2000, 1]
a + b + c + d = 2 gks] rks
M = (a + b) (c + d) fdl
;fn a, b, c, d /kukRed okLrfod la[;k, bl izdkj gS fd
lEcU/k dks larq"V djrk gS
[IIT-2000, 1]
(A*) 0 M 1
(B) 1 M 2
(C) 2 M 3
(D) 3 M 4

16.

Consider an infinite geometric series with first term 'a' and common ratio r. If the sum is 4 and the
second term is 3/4, then:
[IIT - 2000, 1]
r gSA ;fn ;ksx
4 gks o f}rh; in 3/4 gks] rks &[IIT-2000, 1]
,d vuUr xq-Js- izFke ina ,oa lkoZ vuqikr
(A) a =

17.

7
3
,r=
4
7

(B) a = 2, r =

3
8

(C) a =

3
1
,r=
2
2

(D*) a = 3, r =

1
4

The fourth power of the common difference of an arithmetic progression with integer entries added to
the product of any four consecutive terms of it. Prove that the resulting sum is the square of an integer.
[IIT - 2000, 4]

iw.kkd inksa okyh lekUrj Js<+h ds lkoZvUrj dh prqFkZ ?kkr dks fdUgha pkj ekxr inksa ds xq.kuQy esa
[IIT-2000, 4]
gks] rks fl) dhft, fd ;g ;ksx ,d iw.kkd dk oxZ gSA
IIT-JEE - 1999
18.

If x1, x2, x3 as well as y1, y2 , y3 are in G.P. with same common ratio, then the points (x1, y1), (x2, y2) and
(x3, y3)
[IIT - 1999, 2]
(A*) lie on a straight line
(B) lie on an ellipse
(C) lie on a circle
(D) are vertices of a triangle
;fn x1, x2, x3 vkSjy1, y2 , y3 xq-Js-ftudk lkoZvuqikr leku gSa] esa gks](xrks
, yfcUnq
), (x2, y2) vkSj(x3, y3)
1
1
[IIT-1999, 2]
(A) ljy js[kk ij fLFkr gSaA
(B) nh?kZo`k ij fLFkr gSaA
(C) o`k ij fLFkr gSaA
(D) f=kHkqt ds 'kh"kZ gSaA

19.

If a1, a2, .....a10 be in A.P. and h1, h2,.... h10 be in H.P. If a1 = h1 = 2 and a10 = h10 = 3, then a4 h7 is equal to
[IIT - 1999, 2]
ekuka1, a2, .....a10 l-Js- esa vkSj
;fnh1 = 2 vkSja10 = h10 = 3 gks] rks
h1, h2,.... h10 g-Js- esaa gSaA
a1 =
a4 h7 dk eku

gS &
(A) 2

20.

[IIT-1999, 2]
(B) 3

For a positive integer n, let a(n) = 1 +

(C) 5

1
1
1
1
+
+
+ ...... n
. Then
(
2
) 1
3
2
4

n ds fy, ;fn a(n) = 1 +


fdlh /kukRed iw.kkd
(A*) a (100) 100
21.

(D*) 6

(B) a (100) > 100

[IIT - 1999, 3]

1
1
1
1
+
+
+ ...... n
[IIT-1999, 3]
gks]rks
(
2
) 1
3
2
4
(C) a (200) 100
(D*) a(200) > 100

Let S1,S2, ... be squares such that for each n 1, the length of a side of S equals the length of a diagonal of

RESONANCE

20

Sn + 1. If the length of a side of S1 is 10 cm, then for which of the following values of n is the area of Sn less than
1 sq. cm ?
[IIT - 1999]
S1,S2, ... bl izdkj gS fd izR;sd
n 1 ds fy, oxZSn dh Hkqtk dh yEckbZ
SnoxZ
ekukfd oxZ
ds fod.kZ dh yEckbZ
+1
10 lseh gks] rks fuEufyf[kr esa
n dslsfdl eku ds fy, Sn dk {ks=kQy
ds cjkcj gSA ;fnS1 dh Hkqtk dh yEckbZ
1 oxZ lseh ls de gS \
[IIT - 1999]
(A) 7
22.

(B*) 8

(C*) 9

(D*) 10

The harmonic mean of the roots of the equation 5 2 x2 4 5 x + 8 + 2 5 = 0 is [IIT - 1999, 2]

gS
lehdj.k 5 2 x2 4 5 x + 8 + 2 5 = 0 ds ewyksa dk gjkRed ek/;
(A) 2

(B*) 4

(C) 6

[IIT-1999, 2]

(D) 8

IIT-JEE - 1998

23.

If x = 1, y > 1, z > 1 are in GP, then


(A) AP

(B*) HP

1
1
1
,
,
are in:
1 n x 1 n y 1 n z
(C) GP

[IIT - 1998, 2]
(D) none of the above

1
1
1
fdl Js<+h esa gSa &[IIT-98, 2 ]
,
,
1 n x 1 n y 1 n z

;fn x = 1, y > 1, z > 1 xq-Jsesa gks] rks


(A) l-Js-

24.

(B) g-Js-

(C) xq-Js-

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

Let Tr denotes rth term of an A.P., for r = 1, 2, 3, ....... If for some positive integers m, n we have Tm =

1
and
n

1
, then Tmn equals
[IIT - 1998, 2]
m
ekukr = 1, 2, 3, ....... ds fy, T r ,d l-Js- ds r osa in dks iznf'kZr djrk gS] ;fn fdUgha /kukRedm,
iw.kkdksa
n ds fy,
Tn =

Tm =
(A)

1
n

vkSj

1
mn

Tn =

1
m

Tmn dk eku gS &


gks] rks
(B)

1 1

m n

(C*) 1

[IIT-1998, 2]
(D) 0

IIT-JEE - 1997
25.

y
If cos (x y), cos x and cos (x + y) are in H.P., then cosx sec = __________.
2
[IIT JEE - 1997C, 2]

Ans.

26.

Let p & q be roots of the equation x2 2x + A = 0, and let r & s be the roots of the equation
x 2 18x + B = 0. If p < q < r < s are in arithmatic progression, then A = ____________
and B = ___________.
[IIT - 97, 2]
Ans.
A = 3, B = 77

27.

Let x be the arithmetic mean and y, z be the two geometric means between any two positive numbers.

y3 z3
= _____________.
xyz
Ans.
2
Then

28.

[IIT - 1997, 2]

If one A.M. A and two G.M.s p and q be inserted between any two numbers, then the value of
p3 + q3 is
[IIT - 1997]

RESONANCE

21

(A)

2pq
A

(C) 2A p2q2

(B*) 2A pq

;fn nks la[;kvksa


p vkSjq ds e/; ,d lekUrj ek/;
3
3
p + q dk eku gS &
(A)

2pq
A

(B) 2A pq

A vkSj

(D) None of these

nks xq.kkskjp ek/;


vkSjq izfo"V fd, tk,] rks
[IIT-1997]

(C) 2A p2q2

(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

IIT-JEE - 1996
29.

For any odd integer n 1, n3 (n 1)3 +...... + ( 1)n 1 13 = ______.

1
(2n 1) (n + 1)2
4

Ans.

30.

[IIT-1996, 1]

Sum of the series


(A) 346

13 2 3
13 2 3 3 3
13
+
+
+ ......... to 16 terms is
1 3
1 3 5
1
(B*) 446
(C) 546

[IIT - 1996]
(D) None of these

IIT-JEE - 1995
31.

Let n ( > 1) be a positive integer. Then the largest integer m such that (nm + 1) divides (1 + n + n2 + ....n127) is
[IIT - 1995]
(A) 127
(B) 63
(C*) 64
(D) 32

4-B (PREVIOUS AIEEE/DCE QUESTIONS)

32.

In a geometric progression consisting of positive terms, each term equals the sum of the next two terms.
Then the common ratio of this progression equals
(A)

33.

1
(1 5 )
2

(B)

1
2

(C)

(D*)

1
( 5 1)
2

a1 a 2 ...... ap
p2
a6
Let a1, a2, a3,..... cannot be terms of an AP. If a a ...... a = 2 , p q, then
equals :
a 21
1
2
q
q
(A)

7
2

(B)

2
7

(C*)

11
41

(D)

41
11

34.

If a1, a2, ...., an are in HP, then the expression a1a2 + a2a3 +......+ an 1 an is equal to :
(A) (n 1) (a1 an)
(B) na1an
(C*) (n 1) a1an
(D) n (a1 an)

35.

If x =

,y=

n0

(A*) HP
(C) AP
36.

b
n0

,z=

where a,b,c are in AP and |a| < 1, |b| < 1, |c| < 1, then x,y,z are are in :

n0

(B) ArithmeticGeometric Progression


(D) GP

Let S(K) = 1 + 3 + 5 + ............+(2K 1) = 3 + K2. Then which of the following is true ?


(A) S(1) is correct
(B*) S(K) S(K+1)

RESONANCE

22

(C) S(K)

37.

S(K+1)

Let Tr be the rth term of an AP whose first term is a and common difference is d. If for some positive integers
m, n, m n, Tm =
(A*) 0

38.

(D) Principle of mathematical induction can be used to prove the formula

1
1
and Tn =
, then a d equals :
n
m
(B) 1

(C)

1
mn

(D)

1 1

m n

The sum of the first n terms of the series 12 + 2.22 + 32 + 2.42 + 52 + 2.62 +.......... is

n(n 1)2
when n is even.
2

When n is odd the sum is :


(A)

3n(n 1)
2

(B*)

n 2 (n 1)
2

(C)

n(n 1)2
4

n(n 1)
(D)

39.

Let f(x) be a polynomial function of second degree. If f(1) = f(1) and a,b, c are in AP, then f(a), f(b) and f(c)
are in :
(A*) AP
(B) GP
(C) HP
(D) Arithmetico-geometric progression.

40.

If x1 , x2 , x3 and y1 ,y2 , y3 are both in GP with the same common ratio, then the points (x1, y1), (x2 ,y2) and
(x3,y3) :
(A*) lie on a stright line
(B) lie on an elipse
(C) lie on a circle
(D) are vertices of a triangle.

41.

Let R1 and R2 respectively be the maximum ranges up and down an inclined plane and R be the maximum
range on the horizontal plane. Then R1, R2, R3 are in :
(A) arithmetrico-geometric progression (AGP)
(B) AP
(C) GP
(D*) HP

42.

Angles A, B and C of a triangle are in A.P. with common difference 15 degree then angle B is equal to
(A) 30
(B*) 75
(C) 60
(D) 45

43.

15 5 3
If x2 + 9y2 + 25z2 = xyz x y z , then x, y and z are in

(A) AGP

(B) GP

(C) AP

(D*) HP

44.

If p, q, r are in GP and tan1p, tan1q, tan1r are in AP, then p, q, r satisfies the relation
(A*) p = q = r
(B) p q r
(C) p + q = r
(D) none of these

45.

The sum to n term of the series 1(1!) + 2(2!) + 3(3!) + .....


(A*) (n + 1) ! 1
(B) (n 1) ! 1
(C) (n 1) ! + 1

(D) (n + 1) ! 1

46.

if a1 + a2, ......., an are positive numbers such that a1 . a2 ...... an = 1, then thier sum is
(A) a positive integer
(B) divisible by n
(C*) never less than n
(D) none of these

47.

The sum of all possible products of first n natural numbers taken two by two is
(A*)
(C)

1
n (n + 1) (n 1) (3n + 2)
24
n (n 1) (2n 1) (n 3)
24

RESONANCE

(B)

n (n 1) (2n 1)
6

(D) None of these

23