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AMR-NB & AMR-WB

WCDMA RAN
Feature Description

AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description


Version

Date

Author

Approved By

V2.5

2009-1-20

Zhang jing

Guo tian

V3.0

2009-2-27

Zhang jing

Guo tian

V3.1

2009-5-14

Huang He

Guo tian

Remarks

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed
or used without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information of the document is
subjected to change without notice.

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2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

Functional Attribute ................................................................................................... 1

2
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.1.4

Overview ..................................................................................................................... 1
Function Introduction ................................................................................................... 1
ZWF21-02-001 CS AMR Voice and Session Service Bearer ..................................... 3
ZWF21-02-020 AMR-WB Voice Service ..................................................................... 3
ZWF21-04-005 Dynamic AMR Adaptation .................................................................. 3
ZWF21-06-002 TrFO Support ..................................................................................... 4

3
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.2
3.2.1
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3

Technical Description................................................................................................ 5
CS AMR Voice and Session Service Bearer............................................................... 5
Implementation Mechanism of ZTE CS AMR Voice and Session Service Bearer
Function ....................................................................................................................... 5
Signaling Flow of AMR Service ................................................................................... 6
AMR-WB Voice Service............................................................................................... 7
Implementation Mechanism of ZTE AMR-WB Functions ............................................ 7
Dynamic AMR Adaptation ........................................................................................... 9
Classification of Dynamic AMR Adaptation ................................................................. 9
Dynamic AMR Adaptation Based on Single-Link Transmission Power .................... 10
Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Resource Congestion ........................................ 13
Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load ................................................................... 13
TrFO Support............................................................................................................. 13
OoBTC Outband Codec Control................................................................................ 14
IuUP Initialization ....................................................................................................... 15
IuUP Rate Control...................................................................................................... 16

4
4.1
4.1.1

Parameters and Configuration ............................................................................... 17


Parameter List of AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment ................................................... 17
Configuration of AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment Parameters.................................. 18

5
5.1
5.2

Counter and Alarm................................................................................................... 24


Counter List ............................................................................................................... 24
Alarm List ................................................................................................................... 24

Glossary .................................................................................................................... 24

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II

AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

Figures and Tables


Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6

Signaling Flow of AMR Service ..................................................................................... 7


UE Transmission Power Measurement Event Report (Trigger Time is fixed to be
100ms) ......................................................................................................................... 11
NodeB DTCP Measurement Event Report (Hysteresis Time is fixed to be 100ms) ... 12
Flow of OoBTC Outband Codec Control ..................................................................... 15
IuUP Initialization ......................................................................................................... 16
Flow of IuUP Rate Control ........................................................................................... 16

Table 1
Table 2
Table 3

AMR-NB Rate Classification.......................................................................................... 2


AMR-WB Rate Classification ......................................................................................... 2
Parameter List.............................................................................................................. 17

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III

AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

Functional Attribute
System version: [RNC V3.07.310, OMMR V3.17.310, Node B V4.00.200, OMMB
V4.00.200]
Attribute: [Optional]
NEs involved:
UE

NodeB

RNC

MSCS

MGW

SGSN

GGSN

HLR

Note:
*-: No NE is involved.
*: An NE is involved.
Dependency: [None]
Mutual exclusion: [None]
Remarks: [None]

Overview

2.1

Function Introduction
The present 3GPP employs narrowband AMR (AMR-NB) and wideband AMR (AMRWB). For the AMR-NB, the speech channel bandwidth is limited to 3.7 MHz, and the
sampling frequency is 8,000 Hz. For the AMR-WB, the speech channel bandwidth is up
to 7 MHz, and the sampling frequency is up to 16,000 Hz. The AMR-WB has better
speech quality than the AMR-NB, although the two modes have the same frame length
of 20ms.
AMR is introduced into the 3G system based on the following considerations:

By means of the AMR Control (AMRC), voice rate can be reduced to improve voice
quality. In addition, system load can be effectively lightened. In the case of certain
radio load, if users want to obtain the optimal subjective feeling of voice quality, the
most suitable AMR is not the maximum rate, but a suitable medium rate. By
weighing load, the AMRC can achieve the following goals:

The AMRC can reduce an AMR when load is heavy. This lightens system load
and improves voice quality.

The AMRC can increase an AMR when load is light. In this way, QoS is greatly
improved.

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

When uplink coverage is limited, AMR can be reduced to effectively widen uplink
coverage. In initial WCDMA network construction, both uplink coverage and
downlink capacity are limited; therefore, it is especially important to widen uplink
coverage.

The Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) is also called the AMR-NB (Narrowband). This service
has three service RBs, and can provide eight speech rates and two mute rates, as
shown in Table 1 :
Table 1

AMR-NB Rate Classification

AMR
Codec Mode

Total Number
of Bits

Subflow 1

Subflow 2

Subflow 3

Codec Mode

AMR 4.75 kbps

95

42

53

AMR_4.75

AMR 5.15 kbps

103

49

54

AMR_5.15

AMR 5.9 kbps

118

55

63

AMR_5.90

AMR 6.7 kbps

134

58

76

AMR_6.70

AMR 7.4 kbps

148

61

87

AMR_7.40

AMR 7.95 kbps

159

75

84

AMR_7.95

AMR 10.2 kbps

204

65

99

40

AMR_10.20

AMR 12.2 kbps

244

81

103

60

AMR_12.20

AMR SID

39

39

AMR_SID

GSM-EFR SID

43

43

GSM-EFR SID

*SID (Silence Descriptor)


AMR-NB voice coding is divided into three sub-flows out of consideration for the
importance of information and error tolerance in voice coding. Each sub-flow requires its
own QoS assurance. Sub-flow 1 is the most important. Sub-flow 2 comes next. Sub-flow
3 is the least important. Sub-flow 1 needs better channel coding at an air interface to
guarantee its accuracy. No data rate is the coding in the case of mute. SID uses this
frame to indicate that current voice is not activated.
AMR-WB is short for Adaptive Multi-Rate Wideband. This service was introduced in
1999 in order to provide better speech quality and speech reproducibility. It can be
applied both in 3G system and GSM system.
Unlike AMR-NB, the AMR-WB has only two service RBs and provides nine speech rates
and one mute rate, as shown in the Table 2 below:
Table 2

AMR-WB Rate Classification

AMR-WB
Codec Mode

Total Number
of Bits

Subflow 1

Subflow 2

Subflow 3

Codec Mode

1.75

40

40

AMR-WB_SID*

6.60

132

54

78

AMR-WB_6.60

8.85

177

64

113

AMR-WB_8.85

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

AMR-WB
Codec Mode

Total Number
of Bits

Subflow 1

Subflow 2

Subflow 3

Codec Mode

12.65

253

72

181

AMR-WB_12.65

14.25

285

72

213

AMR-WB_14.25

15.85

317

72

245

AMR-WB_15.85

18.25

365

72

293

AMR-WB_18.25

19.85

397

72

325

AMR-WB_19.85

23.05

461

72

389

AMR-WB_23.05

23.85

477

72

405

AMR-WB_23.85

*SID (Silence Descriptor)


Like the AMR-NB, the AMR-WB sub-flow 1 contains the most important information of
speech, with 12-bit CRC protection added on the air interface. The sub-flow 2 contains
less important speech information, without CRC protection on the air interface.

2.1.1

ZWF21-02-001 CS AMR Voice and Session Service Bearer


ZTE equipment supports all the eight AMRs: 12.2kbps, 10.2kbps, 7.95kbps, 7.4kbps,
6.7kbps, 5.9kbps, 5.15kbps, and 4.75kbps. What rate (s) to be used is same as the
rate(s) in RAB Assignment from CN. ZTE equipment supports DTX and SID.
The RAB parameters of ZTE RAN equipment, used to bear session AMR services,
follow the definition in the 3GPP TS 34.108.

2.1.2

ZWF21-02-020 AMR-WB Voice Service


ZTE RAN equipment supports all the nine speech rates of WB-AMR session, that is,
23.85Kbps, 23.05Kbps, 19.85Kbps, 18.25Kbps, 15.85Kbps, 14.25Kbps, 12.65Kbps,
8.85Kbps, 6.6Kbps, together with the mute rate 1.75 Kbps. What rate-(s) to be used is
same as the rate(s) in RAB Assignment from CN.
ZTE RNC does not support RAB negociation between AMR-NB and AMR-WB. When
the AMR-WB can not be established because of resources congestion, it is not
supported to establish AMR-NB by RAB negociation.
The RAB parameters of ZTE RAN equipment, used to bear session AMR-WB services,
follow the definition in the 3GPP TS 34.108.

2.1.3

ZWF21-04-005 Dynamic AMR Adaptation


In WCDMA system, the radio environment between UE and a base station always
changes. When a UE is far away from the base station or the radio environment
degrades, the base station or UE is bound to transmit at a higher power under the action
of closed-loop power control in order to guarantee the QoS of AMR service. The power
change and power increase at this time may result in sharp increase in power and
further deterioration of the radio environment. As a result, the system capacity

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

decreases. Even when the power is increased to even a certain limit value, QoS
requirements of service can not be satisfied.
ZTE RNC equipment can monitor the uplink transmission power of UE in a UE internal
measurement report or the downlink transmission power of a Node B dedicated
measurement report base station. When the uplink or downlink transmission power rises
to a certain threshold, the RNC will automatically adjust this user's AMR to reduce the
power necessary for service. That is, a conversation is most probably kept going by
reducing voice quality. When the radio environment between UE and the base station is
good and the transmission power of the base station or UE decreases to a certain
threshold, AMR can be increased to provide users with better voice quality as long as
other users' feeling and system performance are not affected.
In addition, when a cell evaluated by means of downlink transmission power and uplink
interference has high downlink load and uplink load, ZTE RNC equipment can lighten
the cell load by reducing the AMR of some low-priority users, so as to accommodate
more users.
The actual AMR which can be adjusted by the RNC must belong to the AMR code set
configured for users by the CN during call establishment. The voice quality when lowrate AMR coding is used is not as good as that when high-rate AMR coding is used, but
low-rate AMR coding has higher capacity (number of users) and wider coverage than
high-rate AMR coding. Analysis of simulation result shows that there is about 30%
coverage radius gain when the lowest AMR (4.75Kbps) instead of the highest AMR
(12.2Kbps) is used. When the lowest AMR is used, a cell will accommodate twice as
many users as those when the highest AMR is used.

2.1.4

ZWF21-06-002 TrFO Support


WCDMA employs AMR compressed voice encoding. The maximum encoding rate is
12.2kbit/s. At the R99 stage, TDM bearer is used between CS core network devices,
and voice must employ 64kbit/s PCM encoding. One very important function of the R99
MSC is voice Transcoder (TC), which converts the AMR voice codes of a mobile
terminal into PCM codes and transmits them over a network. The calls between mobile
users require two voice encoding/decoding conversions, that is, AMR-PCM-AMR.
Frequent encoding/decoding reduces voice quality.
In view of this, the 3GPP organization has introduced the Tandem Free Operation (TFO)
and Transcoder Free Operation (TrFO) in the R4 protocol to avoid voice
encoding/decoding. Meantime, the TFO and TrFO help save the transmission network
bandwidth between core networks. The differences between both technologies are as
follows: The TFO still needs TC resource. After call establishment, a direct connection is
established between the TCs of the calling and called MSCs by means of in-band
signaling negotiation to bypass encoding/decoding. The TrFO does not need any TC
resource at all. It means that outband signaling encoding/decoding function (OoBTC) is
used during call establishment to implement consistent voice encoding/decoding
negotiation between UE and network.
The TFO technology is implemented in the core network equipment. It does not need
the participation of RAN equipment. The TrFO technology requires that RAN equipment
should support outband voice encoding negotiation and the processing related to a user
plane. Both the TFO and TrFO can be used for AMR-WB encoding.
ZTE RAN equipment supports the TrFO function and complies with the 3GPP TS 23.153
and TS 25.415.

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

Technical Description

3.1

CS AMR Voice and Session Service Bearer

3.1.1

Implementation Mechanism of ZTE CS AMR Voice and Session


Service Bearer Function

3.1.1.1

Set of CS AMR Voice and Session Service Bearer Functions Implemented by


ZTE

Selection of AMR-NB Rates


Function description: The 3GPP protocol defines eight speech rates and two mute
rates for AMR-NB, which supports the speech rate up to 12.2k. A database saves
all the rate configuration combinations of AMR-NB. According to the maximum rate
of AMR-NB in a CN assignment message, the RNC searches for corresponding
configuration information from the database.

Setup of Single AMR-NB Service and Concurrence with the PS Service


Function description: This function supports the setup of a single AMR-NB service
and the concurrency of AMR-NB and PS services.

Three Service RBs Established for the AMR-NB


Function description: This function supports service transformation by means of
three service RBs and reconfiguration.

Mobility of AMR-NB
Function description: This function supports soft handover, hard handover, and
relocation of AMR-NB service, and handover between 2G and 3G.

Directed Retry of the AMR-NB Service During Assignment


Function description: This function supports directed retry of AMR-NB service
during service assignment.

Default Configuration ID of AMR-NB is 3, 10, and 15.


Function description: This function supports the default configuration ID of AMR-NB,
that is, 3 (12.2 k), 10 (12.2/7.95/5.9/4.75k), and 15 (7.95 k). It is used for the
handover between 2G and 3G. The RNC establishes bearer according to this
default configuration, sets the default configuration in the HANDOVER TO UTRAN
COMMAND message, and sends this message to the UE through the 2G network.

Modification of AMR-NB

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

Function description: This function does not support the modification of AMR-NB
service initiated by the RNC; it supports the modification of AMR-NB service
initiated by the CN. At present, the main scenarios for the CN to initiate modification
to the AMR-WB include the TFO or TrFO conditions satisfied after performance of
handover, call forwarding, and intelligent service. The CN initiates the modification
of AMR-NB.

Dynamic Rate Adjustment for AMR-NB Service


Function description: This function supports dynamic rate adjustment for the AMRNB service triggered by link level, resource congestion, and load control. If the rate
adjustment threshold is met, the uplink rate is controlled by the RNC through the
TFC Control, and the downlink rate is controlled by the RNC through the Iuup
reverse rate control frame.

3.1.2

Signaling Flow of AMR Service


The setup flow of the AMR-WB and AMR-NB services is practically identical to that of
common services. The following example demonstrates the setup flow of the DCH
service in the synchronous mode.
UE

N o de B
S e rv i ng R NS

S er vin g
R NC

CN

1 . R A B A s sig nme n t
Re q u e st

R AN A P

R ANAP

[E s ta blis h m ent]
S e le c t L1 , L2 and Iu D a ta
T ra n sp o rt Be a r e r p a ra me t er s
2 . A L C A P I u D a ta
T ran s po r t Be a r e r S etu p
N ot r e qu ir ed to wa rd s PS
d o m a in

3. R a dio L ink R ec on f igu rat io n P re p a re

NB AP

N B AP
[D C H A d d itio n ]

4 . R a d io L in k R e c o nf igu r a tio n R e a d y

N BA P

NB AP

5. A LC A P Iu b D a ta Tr a ns p or t B e are r S etu p

D C H- F P

6. D o w nl ink S yn ch r on is atio n

D C H -F P

7 . Up li nk S y nc h r on is a tio n
D C H- F P

NB AP

D C H- F P

8 . R ad io Li nk R e co n fi gu ra t ion C om mit

N B AP

9 . D C C H : R a d io B e ar e r S e tup
RR C

RRC
A pp ly n e w tr an s po r t fo r ma t se t

RR C

1 0. D C C H : R ad io B e ar e r S e tu p C o mp le te
RRC

R AN A P

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1 1. R A B A ss ign me n t
R e s po n se

R ANAP

AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

Figure 1

Signaling Flow of AMR Service

CN initiates establishment of the radio access bearer with RANAP message Radio
Access Bearer Assignment Request. Parameters: Radio Access Bearer
parameters, User Plane Mode, Transport Address, Iu Transport Association.

SRNC initiates set-up of Iu Data Transport bearer using ALCAP protocol. This
request contains the AAL2 Binding Identity to bind the Iu Data Transport Bearer to
the Radio Access Bearer (this step is not required towards PS domain).

SRNC requests its Node B to prepare establishment of DCH to carry the radio
access bearer (Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare). Parameters: Transport
Format Set, Transport Format Combination Set, Power control information.

Node B allocates resources and notifies SRNC that the preparation is ready (Radio
Link Reconfiguration Ready). Parameters: Transport layer addressing information
(AAL2 address, AAL2 Binding Id) for Iub Data Transport Bearer.

SRNC initiates the setup of Iub Data Transport Bearer using ALCAP protocol. This
request contains the AAL2 Binding Identity to bind the Iub Data Transport Bearer to
DCH.

The Node B and SRNC establish synchronism for the Iub and Iur Data Transport
Bearer by means of exchange of the appropriate DCH Frame Protocol frames
Downlink Synchronization.

The Node B and SRNC establish synchronism for the Iub and Iur Data Transport
Bearer by means of exchange of the appropriate DCH Frame Protocol frames
Uplink Synchronization.

NBAP message Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit is sent from SRNC to Node
B.

RRC message Radio Access Bearer Setup is sent by SRNC to UE. Parameters:
Transport Format Set, Transport Format Combination Set.

10 UE sends RRC message Radio Access Bearer Setup Complete to SRNC.


11 SRNC sends RANAP message Radio Access Bearer Assignment Response to CN.

3.2

AMR-WB Voice Service

3.2.1

Implementation Mechanism of ZTE AMR-WB Functions

3.2.1.1

Set of AMR-WB Functions Implemented by ZTE

Selection of AMR-WB Rates


Function description: ZTE through configuring the parameter WAMRSUPIND to
support the WB-AMR. The protocol 26.201 defines nine speech rates and one mute
rate for AMR-WB, which supports the maximum speech rate of 23.85k. The

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

database, with the AMR-WB service added, needs to save all AMR-WB rate
configuration combinations. According to the maximum AMR-WB rate in the
message assigned by the CN, the RNC searches for corresponding configuration
information from the database.
Note: The AMR-WB supports the voice bandwidth 50Hz-7kHz (the AMR-NB
supports the voice bandwidth 200Hz-3.4kHz); therefore, it has better voice quality
than the AMR-NB. Among the rates (23.85 kbps, 23.05 kbps, 19.85 kbps, 18.25
kbps, 15.85 kbps, 14.25 kbps, 12.65 kbps, 8.85 kbps, and 6.6 kbps) supported by
the AMR-WB, 12.65kbps is the minimum rate that can achieve high-quality sound
effects. The MOS values of 6.6 kbps, 8.85 kbps, and 12.65 kbps apparently
increase as the rate rises. The MOS values of 12.65kbps, 14.25kbps, 15.85kbps,
18.25kbps, and 19.85kbps do not apparently increase as the rate rises. So the
rates of 12.65 kbps, 8.85 kbps, and 6.6 kbps are recommended by 3GPP.

Setup of Single AMR-WB Service and Concurrency with PS Service


Function description: The setup of a single AMR-WB service and the concurrency
of the AMR-WB and PS services are supported in the same way as the AMR-NB.

Three Service RBs Established for AMR-WB


Function description: Originally, the AMR-WB had only two service RBs while the
AMR-NB had three. For easy conversion between these two services through
reconfiguration, the 3GPP 25.331 and 34.108 specifications related to the AMR-WB
recommend configuration of three service RBs. The service sub-flow associated
with the third RB does not exist in the Iu port, and its actual data volume is 0 (0
60). The RNC requires special processing, that is, the Iu port still supports two
service sub-flows, while the Iuup port needs to support the interconnection between
two service sub-flows and three service RBs.

Mobility of AMR-WB
Function description: Like the AMR-NB control policy, this function supports soft
handover, hard handover, relocation, and 2G-3G handover for the AMR-WB service.
This function uses the present parameters without new handover parameter added.

Directed Retry of AMR-WB Service During Assignment


Function description: Like the AMR-NB control policy, this function supports
directed retry of the AMR-WB service during service assignment. This function uses
the present parameters without new load balancing parameter added.

Modification of AMR-WB
The RNC is not supported to initiate modification to the AMR-WB service, while the
CN is supported to initiate the modification to the AMR-WB, which is performed in a
way similar to that of the AMR-NB. At present, the main scenarios for the CN to
initiate modification to the AMR-WB include the TFO or TrFO conditions satisfied
after performance of handover, call forwarding, and intelligent service.

Dynamic Rate Adjustment for AMR-WB Service

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

Function description: Like the AMR-NB control policy, this function supports the
dynamic rate adjustment for the AMR-WB service triggered by link level, resource
congestion, and load control. This function uses the present parameters without
new load control parameter added. If the rate adjustment threshold is met, the
uplink rate is controlled by the RNC through the TFC Control, and the CN downlink
rate is controlled by the RNC through the Iuup reverse rate control frame.

3.3

Dynamic AMR Adaptation

3.3.1

Classification of Dynamic AMR Adaptation


According to the types of AMR, dynamic AMR adaptation is classified into AMR-NB
dynamic rate adjustment and AMR-WB dynamic rate adjustment. The AMR-WB has rate
adjustment principles and steps similar to those of the AMR-NB, except for some
thresholds to trigger adjustment. In Iuup Version1, ZTE RNC configures the AMR-NB
rates
by
the
parameters
AmrNbMode0UseTag,
AmrNbMode1UseTag,
AmrNbMode2UseTag,
AmrNbMode3UseTag,
AmrNbMode4UseTag,
AmrNbMode5UseTag, AmrNbMode6UseTag and AmrNbMode7UseTag. And ZTE RNC
configures
AMR-WB
rates
by
the
parameters
AmrWbMode0UseTag,
AmrWbMode1UseTag,
AmrWbMode2UseTag,
AmrWbMode3UseTag,
AmrWbMode4UseTag,
AmrWbMode5UseTag,
AmrWbMode6UseTag,
AmrWbMode7UseTag and AmrWbMode8UseTag. In Iuup Version2, ZTE RNC supports
all the AMR-NB and AMR-WB rates assigned by the CN. The AMR-NB and AMR-WB
dynamic rate adjustment based on single-link transmission power is controlled by the
configuration parameter AmrRncAdjust.
There are three types of AMR dynamic rate adjustment depending on the trigger
mechanisms:

AMR dynamic rate adjustment based on single-link transmission power


Due to inner-loop power control, uplink/downlink single-link transmission power
varies with the radio environment between the transmitting antennas of UE and
NodeB. When the radio environment degrades, the RNC should reduce the AMR to
decrease single-link transmission power to some degree. This serves to avoid
heavy uplink/downlink load of a cell resulting from increase in single-link
transmission power of AMR. When the single-link transmission power of AMR is low
and the system load is light, the RNC may increase the AMR to provide users with
better voice quality by making full use of system resources.

AMR rate adjustment triggered by the uplink/downlink overload of a cell


When a cell has uplink/downlink overload, the rate of uplink/downlink AMR service
should be reduced to decrease single-link transmission power, so as to lighten the
uplink/downlink load of the cell.

AMR rate adjustment triggered by the uplink/downlink resource congestion of a cell


Reduce the rate of uplink/downlink AMR service to lighten the uplink/downlink
resource congestion.

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

In terms of the currently implemented functions and AMR service running, ZTE
considers it unnecessary to control an uplink rate with the granularity as accurate as TTI.
Therefore, ZTE has not yet implemented SRB5-based uplink AMR-WB rate adjustment.

3.3.2

Dynamic AMR Adaptation Based on Single-Link Transmission Power


AMR-WB dynamic rate adjustment and AMR-NB dynamic rate adjustment both involve
uplink direction and downlink direction. They have the same principle and use the same
threshold. In view of this, they are unified as AMR dynamic rate adjustment and
described here.

3.3.2.1

Uplink Direction (Based on the UE Transmission power)


Uplink AMR dynamic rate adjustment is based on the transmission power reported by
UE. Its operating principles are as follows:

When the uplink transmission power reported by UE exceeds the threshold


AMR_6A1 (invariably configured as 90% of the maximum transmission power
(MaxUlDpchPwr) of uplink DPCH), the AMR should be reduced by one level if the
current uplink AMR is not the minimum rate. If UE does not report any
measurement result or the reported uplink transmission power exceeds the
threshold AMR_6B1 (invariably configured as 80% of the maximum uplink
transmission power of UE) after AMR reduction, we can concluded that the current
transmission power is still relatively high. In this case, the AMR should be further
reduced level by level until the uplink AMR is reduced to the minimum rate or the
uplink transmission power reported by UE is lower than the threshold AMR_6B1. If
the uplink transmission power reported by UE is lower than the threshold AMR_6B1,
the AMR reduction will be terminated.

When the uplink transmission power reported by UE is lower than the threshold
AMR_6B2 (invariably configured as 60% of the maximum transmission power
MaxUlDpchPwr of uplink DPCH), the AMR should be increased by one level if the
current uplink AMR is not the maximum rate and the uplink load of the system is
neither overloaded nor congested. If UE does not report any measurement result or
the reported uplink transmission power is lower than the threshold AMR_6A2
(invariably configured as 70% of the maximum uplink transmission power of UE)
after AMR increase, we can concluded that the current transmission power is still
relatively low. If the current uplink AMR is not the maximum rate and the uplink load
of the system is neither overloaded nor congested, the AMR should be further
increased level by level until the uplink AMR is increased to the maximum rate or
the uplink transmission power reported by UE exceeds the threshold AMR_6A2. If
uplink overload or resource congestion occurs during the increase of the AMR, it is
necessary to stop increasing the AMR. If the uplink transmission power reported by
UE exceeds the threshold AMR_6A2, the AMR increase will be terminated.

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

In order to avoid Ping-Pang AMR rate adjustment and the bad user experience due
to over frequent AMR rate adjustment, ZTE RNC restricts the two consective AMR
rates adjustment of the same direction by the parameter RevEvtDetectIme.

Figure 2
100ms)

UE Transmission Power Measurement Event Report (Trigger Time is fixed to be

In the TrFO connection mode, the following judgments must be added on the basis
of the steps above:

If the target value of the AMR uplink rate increase originated from the local end is
smaller than or equal to the maximum uplink rate of the Iu port, it is allowed to
originate the rate increase, which then will be admitted by the admission control
module. If the target value of the rate increase originated from the local end is
greater than the maximum uplink rate of the Iu port, it is rejected to originate the
rate increase.

When the RNC receives the rate control command from the CN, the maximum rate is
the uplink target rate required by the CN. The admission control module determines the
maximum uplink rate allowed by the current local end according to the uplink load state
of the current cell and the single-link UE transmission power measurement report, and
then returns this rate in the rate control response command to the peer end. At the same
time, the RNC sends to the UE the TFC control command, requiring adjustment of the
UE uplink rate to a smaller one of the maximum uplink AMR available with the local end
and the maximum uplink AMR stated in the rate control command sent to the RNC from
the CN.

3.3.2.2

Downlink Direction (Based on DTCP)


The downlink AMR adjustment is based on the special downlink transmission power
measurement report from Node B on the basic principles as follows:

When the special downlink transmission power reported by NodeB exceeds the
threshold AMR_E1 (invariably configured as 90% of the maximum downlink
transmission power (MaxDlDpchPwr) of AMR service), the downlink AMR should be
reduced by one level if the current downlink AMR is not the minimum rate. If the
special downlink transmission power reported periodically (The period is invariably
configured as four seconds) by NodeB after the downlink AMR reduction still
exceeds the threshold AMR_E1, we can concluded that the current transmission

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

power is still relatively high. And the downlink AMR should be further reduced to the
minimum rate, or the special downlink transmission power reported by NodeB is
reduced to a value lower than AMR_E2 (invariably configured as 80% of the
maximum transmission power (MaxDlDpchPwr) of downlink DPCH of AMR-WB
service). If the special downlink transmission power reported by NodeB is reduced
to a value lower than the threshold AMR_E2, the AMR reduction should be stopped.

When the special downlink transmission power reported by NodeB is lower than the
threshold AMR_F1 (invariably configured as 60% of the maximum transmission
power (MaxDlDpchPwr) of downlink DPCH of AMR service), the downlink AMR
should be increased by one level if the current downlink AMR is not the maximum
rate and the downlink load of the system is neither overloaded nor congested. If the
special downlink transmission power reported periodically (The period is invariably
configured as four seconds) by NodeB after the rate increase is still ultra-lower than
the threshold AMR_F1, we can concluded that the current transmission power is
still relatively low. If the current downlink AMR is not the maximum rate and the
downlink load of the system is neither overloaded nor congested, the downlink AMR
should be further increased level by level until the downlink AMR rises to its
maximum or the special downlink transmission power reported by NodeB is higher
than the threshold AMR_F2 (invariably configured as 70% of the maximum
downlink transmission power (MaxDlDpchPwr) of AMR service). If downlink
overload or resource congestion occurs during increase of the AMR rate, it is
necessary to stop increasing the AMR rate. If the special downlink transmission
power reported by NodeB has exceeded the threshold AMR_F2, the downlink AMR
increase should be stopped.

In order to avoid Ping-Pang AMR rate adjustment and the bad user experience due
to over frequent AMR rate adjustment, ZTE RNC restricts the two consective AMR
rates adjustment of the same direction by the parameter RevEvtDetectIme.

Figure 3

NodeB DTCP Measurement Event Report (Hysteresis Time is fixed to be 100ms)

In the TrFO connection mode, the downlink rate depends on the downlink rate of
the Iu port; In a Mobile to Mobile call, the downlink rate depends on the uplink rate
of the peer end. Therefore, the downlink AMR-WB rate adjustment algorithm has
the following changes in comparison with the TrFO connection mode:

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

When the local end needs to adjust the downlink AMR, the RNC sends the adjusted
target rate through the rate control command to the CN, which then sends this rate
through the rate control command to the peer-end RNC. The returned rate control
response command contains the maximum uplink rate available with the peer end.
The peer end UE sends data at the smaller rate between the maximum uplink rate
supported by the peer end and the target rate required by the local end, so as to
complete downlink rate adjustment for the local end.

When the uplink rate of the peer end is decreased, the downlink rate of the local
end will be decreased accordingly.

When the uplink rate of the peer end is increased, the downlink rate of the local end will
be increased accordingly, resulting in change of the cell downlink load and the singlelink downlink D-TCP. The RNC should determine whether to decrease the increasing
downlink rate according to the cell downlink load and the single-link downlink D-TCP
measurement report. If the downlink rate should be decreased, the RNC sends to the
CN the rate control command that contains the maximum rate supported by the local
end, so as to control the downlink rate of the Iu port.

3.3.3

Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Resource Congestion


In case of uplink/downlink resource congestion, the RNC should decrease the rate of
some AMR services by priority. When the uplink/downlink resource congestion is
cleared, the RNC should increase step by step the rate of any decreased AMR service
that meets the rate increase conditions described above. This dynamic adjustment also
applies to WB-AMR. For details, please refer to ZTE UMTS Congestion Control Feature
Description.

3.3.4

Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load


In case of uplink/downlink overload on a cell, the RNC should decrease the rate of some
AMR services by priority. When the uplink/downlink overload is cleared, the RNC should
increase step by step the rate of any decreased AMR service that meets the rate
increase conditions described above. This dynamic adjustment also applies to WB-AMR.
For details, please refer to ZTE UTMS Overload Control Feature Description.

3.4

TrFO Support
At the R99 stage, voice at the CN CS employs 64kbit/s PCM encoding based on TDM
bearer. Therefore, the R99 MSC must have the voice TC function. But voice
encoding/decoding is apt to reduce voice quality. The calls between mobile users, in
particular, need dual voice encoding/decoding. If a codec is not used, voice quality will
be improved with network bandwidth saved.
At the R4 stage, voice encoding/decoding times can be reduced by establishing a TrFO
connection. The TrFO connection can be established throughout end-to-end process or
between some node of a call connection. For example, for a call between UMTS UE and
a fixed telephone, the TrFO connection only exists between UMTS UE and a core
network. The core network and RNC in the TrFO connection must support the IuUP V2.

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Otherwise, no TrFO connection can be established. ZTE supports the IuUP V1 and
IuUP V2. The RNC will make a choice according to CN RAB assignment parameters.
The TrFO is implemented by employing the outband signaling encoding/decoding
control function (OoBTC). It is applicable to the calls between mobile networks and
those between a mobile network and an external network. When the same voice
encoding/decoding type is used between both call parties or between one call party and
a node in the call connection, the TrFO can transparently transmit compressed voice,
which improves voice quality and saves transmission bandwidth.
The node on both sides with a TrFO connection successfully established between them
will use completely the same common compressed voice encoding type negotiated at
the OoBTC stage. A codec must be inserted between a TrFO connection and a nonTrFO connection to convert one encoding type into another. The implementation
strategy of the core network will, to the greatest extent, ensure that the insertion position
can meet the following requirements:

The insertion position should reduce the use of a transcoder and improve voice
quality;

The insertion position should save transmission bandwidth, that is, it should prolong
the connection which uses compressed voice encoding data for transmission.

For a UTRAN, its IuUP initialization, reverse initialization, IuUP rate control, and IuUP
reverse rate control are related to the TrFO process.

3.4.1

OoBTC Outband Codec Control


When a call is initiated, both call parties will negotiate about the codec so as to attempt
to establish a TrFO operation. In an IAM, the O-MSC carries the supported codec type
list and sends it to a transmission network. From the list, the transmission network
deletes the types that are not supported and sends it to a T-MSC. From the list, the TMSC also deletes the encoding types that are not supported. Then, the T-MSC selects
an optimal common encoding/decoding type, returns it to the transmission network and
the O-MSC, and notifies them of the currently selected encoding/decoding type.
Meantime, the T-MSC feeds back the encoding/decoding type that the Terminating UE
supports to the O-MSC, and begins to establish bearer on the basis of this codec. This
flow is shown in Figure 4.

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

O-MSC

T-MSC

Transit
Transit
MGW

O-MGW

T-MGW

Codec List (v, w, x, y, z)


Codec List (v, w, x, z)
Selected Codec = v
Selected Codec = v, Available List (v, x, z, )
Selected Codec = v, Available
List (v, x, z, )

Selected Codec = v

Selected Codec = v
Bearer Established

Figure 4

Bearer Established

Flow of OoBTC Outband Codec Control

The encoding type that the UE supports is transparently transmitted to the RNC by
means of Uplink Direct Transfer-> NAS Message-> Bearer Capacity. Then, the RNC
transparently transmits the encoding type to the MSC Server by means of Direct
Transfer -> NAS Indicator ->Bearer Capacity. During RAB assignment, the
encoding/decoding type lists of the calling and called parties are completely the same.

3.4.2

IuUP Initialization
IuUP initialization serves to define the mapping relationship (used at the data
transmission stage) between the RNC and CN on both sides of IuUP, including RAB
sub-flow combination, RFCIs, and SDU size of related RAB sub-flow.
If a bearer is successfully established, the CN will deliver an RAB assignment request
message to the RNC. The RNC in R4 version must support all the SDU sub-flow
combinations in the RAB assignment request message. That is, the content in the
initialization frame is a universal set of sub-flow combinations determined by RAB
assignment. Thus, the initialization frame will only be used to negotiate about IuUP
version information and RFCI correspondence (each RFCI corresponds to a sub-flow
combination). In the R99 version, this initialization process can only be initiated when
the RNC receives RAB assignment/modification or RNC relocation. In the R4 version,
the CN can also start this initialization process, called IuUP reverse initialization. IuUP
initialization is shown in Figure 5.

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

RNC/
CN
*

CN/
RNC

INITIALISATION
2)
((RFCI, SDU sizes[, IPTIs ])m)
INITIALISATION ACK
Transfer Of User Data

* can be repeated N INIT times


2)

Figure 5

optional

IuUP Initialization

In the RFCI set determined during IuUP initialization, the rate which corresponds to the
first RAB sub-flow combination is the maximum rate in the initialization answer direction
permitted by the local end when data transmission begins. The maximum rate must be
greater than the guaranteed rate and SID rate. It can be modified during IuUP rate
control after IuUP initialization. The rate greater than the guaranteed rate is called a
controllable rate. The rate lower than the guaranteed rate cannot be modified.

3.4.3

IuUP Rate Control


IuUP rate control serves to notify the peer IuUP protocol layer of the maximum rate at
the Iu port in the reverse direction of the rate control frame. In the R4 version, IuUP rate
control can be initiated by the RNC or the CN. In the R99 version, IuUP rate control can
only be initiated by the RNC.
As long as an IuUP entity is not suspended by other control flows, it can initiate rate
control. The controlled rates are all included in the RFC set determined during IuUP
initialization. These rates that correspond to the RFC should be higher than the
guaranteed rate. "Rate control" cannot be implemented in terms of the SID rate and the
RFC lower than the guaranteed rate because they themselves cannot be prohibited.

RNC/
CN

CN/
RNC
RATE CONTROL
(RFCI indicators)
RATE CONTROL ACK
(RFCI indicators)

Figure 6

Flow of IuUP Rate Control

Note: The rate control frame describes the use limit of an "RFC set", which is called
"RFC limit set" in the following parts.

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

In downlink direction, the RNC triggers the rate control frame, records the "RFC limit set"
(downlink direction), and monitors the implementation behavior of the CN. If the CN still
sends the data frame of the limited RFCI, the rate control frame must be resent. In uplink
direction, the IuUP module of the RNC receives the rate control frame and implements
the limit by means of TFC control.
The rate control initiated by the CN is as follows: After receiving a rate control message
from the RNC, the CN initiates rate control to the other party of a call to limit or open the
other party's uplink AMR level. Or the CN initiates a rate adjustment flow on its own
according to TrFO. For example, in SRNS relocation, the CN first performs reverse
initialization after a new RNC sends relocation detection to the CN. Then, the new RNC
initiates a process called immediate initialization. This serves to negotiate about the
maximum rate for data transmission between two IuUP entities which support TrFO.
The rate control initiated by the RNC is as follows: During dynamic AMR process, the
RNC adjusts the downlink AMR level according the downlink load of a cell or the
dedicated TCP measurement of an RL, and initiates rate control.
Compared with the encoding/decoding type negotiation before initialization, the IuUP
rate control is in-band rate control.

Parameters and Configuration

4.1

Parameter List of AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment


Table 3

Parameter List

Id

Abbreviated

Parameter name

AmrRncAdjust

AMR Rate Adjustment Switch for RNC

MaxUlDpchPwr

Maximum Allowed Uplink DPCH Transmission Power

MaxDlDpchPwr

DPCH Maximum DL Power

AmrNbMode0UseTag

AMR_NB 4.75k Use Tag

AmrNbMode1UseTag

AMR_NB 5.15k Use Tag

AmrNbMode2UseTag

AMR_NB 5.90k Use Tag

AmrNbMode3UseTag

AMR_NB 6.70k Use Tag

AmrNbMode4UseTag

AMR_NB 7.40k Use Tag

AmrNbMode5UseTag

AMR_NB 7.95k Use Tag

10

AmrNbMode6UseTag

AMR_NB 10.2k Use Tag

11

AmrNbMode7UseTag

AMR_NB 12.2k Use Tag

12

AmrWbMode0UseTag

AMR_WB 6.60k Use Tag

13

AmrWbMode1UseTag

AMR_WB 8.85k Use Tag

14

AmrWbMode2UseTag

AMR_WB 12.65k Use Tag

15

AmrWbMode3UseTag

AMR_WB 14.25k Use Tag

16

AmrWbMode4UseTag

AMR_WB 15.85k Use Tag

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

17

AmrWbMode5UseTag

AMR_WB 18.25k Use Tag

18

AmrWbMode6UseTag

AMR_WB 19.85k Use Tag

19

AmrWbMode7UseTag

AMR_WB 23.05k Use Tag

20

AmrWbMode8UseTag

AMR_WB 23.85k Use Tag

RevEvtDetectIme

Time Interval for Consecutive AMR Adjustment of


Same Direction

WAMRSUPIND

WB-AMR Speech Support Indicator

21
22

4.1.1

Configuration of AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment Parameters

4.1.1.1

AMR Rate Adjustment Switch for RNC

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage dialog box -> RNC Radio Resource
Management label -> AMR Rate Adjustment Switch for RNC

Parameter Configuration
When the value of this parameter is "Closed", AMR dynamic rate adjustment will not
be triggered due to UE internal measurement and NodeB special measurement;
when the value of this parameter is "Open", AMR dynamic rate adjustment will be
triggered due to the above-mentioned measurement. When this parameter is closed,
AMR voice quality remains unchanged in any case; when this parameter is opened,
AMR voice quality may slightly degrade according to different scenarios, but system
capacity can be increased accordingly.

4.1.1.2

Maximum Allowed Uplink DPCH Transmission Power(dBm)

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> Rnc Radio Resource Management->Modify
Advanced Parameter -> Power Control Related to Service and Diversity Mode

Parameter Configuration
Background configuration value. The greater this value is, the higher the maximum
permissible uplink transmission power.

4.1.1.3

Maximum Downlink DPCH Transmission Power

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management ->Rnc Radio Resource Management->Modify
Advanced Parameter ->Power Control Related to Service and Diversity Mode

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

Parameter Configuration
It represents the maximum permissible downlink DPCH transmission power. It is
related to service sub-class.

4.1.1.4

AmrNbMode0UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_NB 4.75k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_NB 4.75k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.5

AmrNbMode1UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_NB 5.15k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_NB 5.15k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.6

AmrNbMode2UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_NB 5.90k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_NB 5.90k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.7

AmrNbMode3UseTag

OMC Path

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_NB 6.70k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_NB 6.70k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.8

AmrNbMode4UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_NB 7.40k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_NB 7.40k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.9

AmrNbMode5UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_NB 7.95k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_NB 7.95k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.10

AmrNbMode6UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_NB 10.2k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_NB 10.2k using label

0: not using
1: using

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

4.1.1.11

AmrNbMode7UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_NB 12.2k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_NB 12.2k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.12

AmrWbMode0UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_WB 6.60k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_WB 6.60k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.13

AmrWbMode1UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_WB 8.85k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_WB 8.85k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.14

AmrWbMode2UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_WB 12.65k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_WB 12.65k using label

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

1: using

4.1.1.15

AmrWbMode3UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_WB 14.25k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_WB 14.25k using label

0:not using
1: using

4.1.1.16

AmrWbMode4UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_WB 15.85k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_WB 15.85k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.17

AmrWbMode5UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_WB 18.25k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_WB 18.25k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.18

AmrWbMode6UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_WB 19.85k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration

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AMR_WB 19.85k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.19

AmrWbMode7UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_WB 23.05k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_WB 23.05k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.20

AmrWbMode8UseTag

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> AMR_WB 23.85k Use Tag

Parameter Configuration
AMR_WB 23.85k using label

0: not using
1: using

4.1.1.21

RevEvtDetectIme

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Advanced Parameter Manage -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> Time Interval for Consecutive AMR Adjustment of Same Direction

Parameter Configuration
It is used to set the time interval of two consecutive rate of AMR in the same
direction.

4.1.1.22

WAMRSUPIND

OMC Path
View -> Configuration Management -> RNC NE -> RNC Radio Resource
Management -> RNC Configuration Supplement Parameters-> WB-AMR Speech
Support Indicator

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

Parameter Configuration
This parameter indicates whether support for WB-AMR voice services.

5
5.1

5.2

Counter and Alarm


Counter List
Counter No.

Description

C301140968

Number of 12.2k AMR Voice

C301140969

Number of 10.2k AMR Voice

C301140970

Number of 7.95k AMR Voice

C301140971

Number of 7.4k AMR Voice

C301140972

Number of 6.7k AMR Voice

C301140973

Number of 5.9k AMR Voice

C301140974

Number of 5.15k AMR Voice

C301140975

Number of 4.75k AMR Voice

Alarm List
No related alarm list.

Glossary
A
AMR

Adaptive Multi-Rate

AMRC

Adaptive Multi-Rate Control

AMR-NB

Adaptive Multi-Rate Narrow-Band

AMR-WB

Adaptive Multi-Rate Wide-Band

C
CN

Core Network

D
D-TCP

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Dedicated Transmitting Carrier Power

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

I
IAM

Initial Address Message

IuUP

Iu User Plane

M
MSC

Mobile Switch Center

N
NAS

Non-Access-Stratum

O
OoBTC

Out-of-Band Transcoder Control

P
PCM

Pulse Code Modulation

PSTN

Public Switched Telephone Network

Q
QoS

Quality of Service

O-MSC

Originating Mobile Switch Center

R
RAB

Radio Access Bearer

RFC

RAB sub-Flow Combination

RFCI

RAB sub-Flow Combination Indicator

RL

Radio Link

RX

Receive

RNC

Radio Network Controller

S
SCR

Source Controlled Rate

SDU

Service Data Unit

SID

Silence Information Description

SRNC

Serving RNC

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AMR-NB & AMR-WB Feature Description

TC

Transcoder

TCP

Transmitting Carrier Power

TFC

Transport Format Combination

TFO

Tandem Free Operation

T-MSC

Terminating Mobile Switch Center

TrFO

Transcoder Free Operation

TX

Transmit

U
UMTS

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Universal Mobile Telecommunications System

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26