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1.

So + adjective + to be + Subject + that Clause


So + adv + auxiliary verb + S + main verb + O + that clause
Ex: So terrible was the storm that a lot of houses were swept away.
So beautifully did he play the guitar that all the audience appreciated him
2. Then comes/come + Subject, as + Clause
Ex: Then came a divorce, as they had a routine.
3. May + Subject + verb..
Ex: May I appologize at once for the misspelling of your surname in the letter
from my assistant, Miss Dowdy
May you all have happiness and luck
4. It is no + Comparative Adjective + than + V-ing
Ex: For me it is no more difficult than saying I love you.
5. Subject + Verb + far more +.than + N
Ex: The material world greatly influences far more young people than old
people.

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6. Subject + love/like/wish + nothing more than to be + adj/past


participle
Ex: We wish nothing more than to be equally respected
7. Subject 1 + is/are just like + Subject 2 +was/were..
8. Subject 1 + is/are + the same + as + Subject 2 + was/were
Ex: My daughter is just like her mother was 35 yares ago when she was my
classmate at Harvard University
She is the same as she was
9. It is (not always) thought + adj + Noun phrase
Ex: It is not always thought essential that Miss world must have the great
appearance
10. As + Verb Participle /can be seen, Subject + Verb
Ex: As spoken above, we are short of capital
As can be seen, a new school is going to be built on this site.
11. S + point(s)/ pointed out (to sb) + that Clause
Ex: She point out that he was wrong
12. It is/was evident to someone + that Clause
Ex: It was evident to them that someone gave him a hand to finish it.
13. What + Subject + Verb + is/was + (that) + Subject + Verb +.
Ex: What was said was (that) she had to leave
What I want you to do is that you take more care of yourself

14. Noun + Is + what + sth + is all about


Ex: Entertainment is what football is all about
15. Subject + tobe (just) + what Subject + Verb
Ex: It was just what I wanted
You are what God brings into my life
16. Verb-ing +sth + tobe + Adjective if not impossible
Ex: Travelling alone into a jungle is adventurous if not impossible
17. There + tobe + no + Noun + nor + Noun
Ex: There is no food nor water
18. There isnt/wasnt time to Verb / tobe + Adjective
Ex: there wasnt time to identify what is was
19. Subject + may + put on a + Adjective + front but inside + Subject
+ Adjective
Ex: You may put on a brave front but inside you are fearful and anxious
20. Subject + see oneself + V-ing
Ex: You can see yourself riding a cable-car in San Francisco

No
1

Structure

Example

When Subject+Verb+Object,

When a language dies out, a whole way of life

Subject 1 +Verb 1 + Object 1

disappears with it.

While Subject+Verb+Object,
Subject 1 +Verb 1 + Object 1

While some students drop out after a few years


studying, others finish academic courses with
poor degrees.

Subject+Verb+Object,

Many people in the countryside migrate into big

resulting in an increase/a

cities, resulting in an increase in the demands for

decrease in + the number of

accommodation, food and services in urban

smth/the demand for smth

areas.

Subject+Verb+Object, giving
rise to smth

By doing smth,
Subject+Verb+Object

Advertisements give people more choices on


what they want to buy, giving rise to the
consumer society
By spending money to protect minority
languages, governments can also preserve
traditions, customs and behaviours.

Subject+Verb+Object,
6

and/but/so + Subject 1 +Verb 1


+ Object 1

Subject+Verb+Object, and this The use of private cars is increasing in Hanoi,


will +Verb+Object.

and this puts a strain on its infrastructure.

Instead of + Verb-ing + Object, Instead of driving cars, people should use public
Subject+Verb+Object.

transport.

Subject+Verb+Object. This
9

allows/urges/encourage

The utilisation of cheap labour helps companies

smth/smb to do smth (This

to reduce the production cost. This encourages

will discourage smb from

business expansion.

doing smth).

10

11

Compared to those who

Compared to those who hold high school

+Subject+Verb+Object,

qualifications, university graduates often have

Subject+Verb+Object

more employment opportunities.

If Subject+Verb+Object,

If air travel is restricted, people would opt for

Subject+Verb+Object

other means of transport such as buses and cars.

Subject + Verb + Object [that


12

Subject 1 + Verb 1 + Object 1],


because Subject 2 + Verb 2 +
Object 2

When Subject+Verb+Object,
13

Subject 1 + Verb 1 + Object 1,


Verb-ing + Object.

I partly disagree with the idea that advertising


has negatively influenced our life, because I
recognise several benefits it brings to society.

When the government pays for tuition fees, the


constraint of finance is removed, encouraging a
greater number of students to attend academic
courses