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ABSTRACT

THE CORRELATION BETWEEN NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND PNEUMONIA IN


TODDLERS IN NORTH LOMBOK REGIONAL HOSPITAL, NTB

BY: AHMAD YUPRIPTO

Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung parenchyma


caused by bacteria, viruses, mycoplasma, fungi and protozoa.
Pneumonia is the leading cause of toddler death in the world.
One of the causes of pneumonia is malnutrition. Malnutrition
will damage the bodys defense system against microorganisms
and mechanical defense, making it susceptible to infectious
diseases such as pneumonia. This study aims to determine the
relationship between nutritional satus of children with
pneumonia in North Lombok regional hospital in 2016.
This research applied descriptive analytic design with
cross sectional approach. The population in this study were
children admitted to North Lombok regional hospital., 27 of
whom were chosen as the sample through accidental sampling
method. The data were then analyzed using chi square with
contingency coefficient.
The finding showed no correlations between nutritional
status and the incidence of pneumonia in toddlers in North
Lombok regional hospital, proven from the statistical test
results were C = 0.442 with P = 0,087 (p>0,05).
It can then be concluded that normal nutritional status
does not always mean no chance of toddlers experiencing
pneumonia since there are also other influential factors such
as age less than 2 months and low education of the parents.
Keywords: Toddlers, pneumonia, nutritional status.