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CONTENT

CANDIDATES DECLARATION....................................................................................i
ABSTRACT........................................................................................................................ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT...............................................................................................iii
LIST OF FIGURES.........................................................................................................vii
LIST OF TABLES..............................................................................................................x
CHAPTER - 1
INTRODUCTION..............................................................................................................1
1.1 GENERAL.........................................................................................................1
1.2 FIRE LIMIT STATE..........................................................................................1
1.3 IS CODES FOR FIRE RESISTANCE...............................................................2
1.4 NEED OF STUDY............................................................................................2
1.5 AIMS AND GOALS..........................................................................................3
1.6 METHODOLOGY............................................................................................3
1.7 ORGANISATION OF DISSERTATION...........................................................4
CHAPTER - 2
LITERATURE REVIEW..................................................................................................5
2.1 GENERAL.....................................................................................................................5
2.2 IS CODE PROVISIONS FOR FIRE RESISTANCE........................................6
2.3 EFFECT OF HIGH TEMPERATURE ON CONCRETE..................................7
2.3.1 Spalling of Concrete...........................................................................9
2.3.2 Modulus of Elasticity........................................................................11
2.3.3 Concrete Compressive Strength........................................................11
2.4 STRESS-STRAIN RELATIONSHIP FOR CONCRETE AT ELEVATED
TEMPERATURE...................................................................................................13
2.4.1 Stress-Strain Relationship as per Eurocode2....................................16
2.4.2 Stress-Strain Relationship for Confined Concrete (Youssef et al,
2007)..........................................................................................................18
2.5 CONSTITUTIVE MODEL COMPARISON...................................................21
CHAPTER 3
THERMAL ANALYSIS..................................................................................................25
3.1 GENERAL.......................................................................................................25

3.2 THERMAL PROPERTIES..............................................................................26


3.2.1 Thermal Properties of Concrete........................................................26
3.2.2 Thermal Properties of Steel...............................................................29
3.3 ANALYTICAL STUDIES...............................................................................31
3.3.1 Sectional Details: Beam and Column...............................................31
3.3.2 Fire Scenario and Exposure Condition.............................................31
3.4 ANALYSIS: PROCEDURE AND THEORY..................................................36
3.4.1 Uncoupled Heat Transfer Analysis...................................................37
3.4.2 Effect of Boundary Condition...........................................................41
3.5 HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS RESULTS....................................................45
3.5.1 TNC1: Results and Comparison.......................................................46
3.5.2 THC4: Results and Comparison.......................................................48
3.5.3 THC8: Results and Comparison.......................................................50
3.5.4 B1: Results and Comparison.............................................................52
3.5.5 B2: Results and Comparison.............................................................54
3.5.6 B4: Results and Comparison.............................................................56
CHAPTER 4
STRESS ANALYSIS........................................................................................................58
4.1 GENERAL.......................................................................................................58
4.2 ANALYTICAL STUDIES...............................................................................58
4.2.1 Test Conditions and Procedure.........................................................59
4.3 ANALYSIS: PROCEDURE AND THEORY..................................................59
4.3.1 Element Description..........................................................................59
4.3.2 Material Model for Concrete............................................................62
4.3.2.1 Linear Elasticity.................................................................62
4.3.2.2 Concrete Damaged Plasticity Model.................................62
4.3.3 Material Model for Reinforcement...................................................69
4.3.3.1 Classical Metal Plasticity...................................................69
4.4 STRESS ANALYSIS OF BEAMS..................................................................70
4.4.1 Beam B1............................................................................................70
4.4.1.1 Material Properties for Concrete........................................72
4.4.1.2 Material Properties for Reinforcing Steel..........................76
4.4.1.3 Results and Comparison....................................................78
4.4.2 Beam B3............................................................................................80
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4.4.2.1 Material Properties for Concrete........................................81


4.4.2.2 Material Properties for Reinforcing Steel..........................82
4.4.2.3 Results and Comparison....................................................82
4.4.3 Beam B4............................................................................................85
4.4.3.1 Material Properties for Concrete........................................85
4.4.3.2 Material Properties for Reinforcing Steel..........................86
4.4.3.3 Results and Comparison....................................................86
4.5 STRESS ANALYSIS OF COLUMNS............................................................88
4.5.1 Column THC4...................................................................................88
4.5.1.1 Material Properties for Concrete........................................89
4.5.1.2 Material properties for Reinforcing Steel..........................89
4.5.1.3 Results and Comparison....................................................89
4.5.2 Column TNC1...................................................................................90
4.5.2.1 Material Properties for Concrete........................................90
4.5.2.2 Material Properties for Reinforcing Steel..........................92
4.5.2.3 Results and Comparison....................................................93
CHAPTER 5
CONCLUSIONS..............................................................................................................95
5.1 SUMMARY.....................................................................................................95
5.2 CONCLUSIONS..............................................................................................95
5.3 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER WORK........................................96
REFERENCES.................................................................................................................98

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