You are on page 1of 2

MOTION DETECTOR

A motion detector is a device for motion detection. That is, it is a device that contains a physical
mechanism or electronic sensor that quantifiesmotion that can be either integrated with or
connected to other devices that alert the user of the presence of a moving object within the field
of view. They form a vital component of comprehensive security systems, for both homes and
businesses.
An electronic motion detector contains a motion sensor that transforms the detection of motion
into an electric signal. This can be achieved by measuring optical or acoustical changes in the
field of view. Most motion detectors can detect up to 15 25 meters (5080ft).
A motion detector may be connected to a burglar alarm that is used to alert the home owner or
security service after it detects motion. Such a detector may also trigger a red light camera or
outdoor lighting.
An occupancy sensor is a motion detector that is integrated with a timing device. It senses when
motion has stopped for a specified time period in order to trigger a light extinguishing signal.
These devices prevent illumination of unoccupied spaces like public toilets. They are widely
used for security purposes.
There are basically four types of sensors used in motion detectors spectrum:
PASSIVE INFRARED SENSORS (PASSIVE)
Looks for body heat. No energy is emitted from the sensor.
ULTRASONIC (ACTIVE)
Sends out pulses of ultrasonic waves and measures the reflection off a moving object.
MICROWAVE (ACTIVE)
Sensor sends out microwave pulses and measures the reflection off a moving object. Similar to a
police radar gun.

Tomographic Detector (active) Senses disturbances to radio waves as they travel through an
area surrounded by mesh network nodes. Dual-technology motion detectors many modern
motion detectors use a combination of different technologies. These dual-technology detectors
enefit with each type of sensor, and false alarms are reduced. Placement of the sensors can be
strategically mounted so as to lessen the chance of pets activating alarms. Often, PIR technology
will be paired with another model to maximize accuracy and reduce energy usage. PIR draws
less energy than microwave detection, and so many sensors are calibrated so that when the PIR
sensor is tripped, it activates a microwave sensor. If the latter also picks up an intruder, then the
alarm is sounded. As interior motion detectors do not see through windows or walls, motionsensitive outdoor lighting is often recommended to enhance comprehensive efforts to protect
your property. False alarms are those usually caused by technical errors such as electrical and
mechanical failures. Nuisance alarms are system activations not commonly caused by attackers
or intruders but rather from windblown debris, animals, insects and foliage. Sequencing alarm
systems to trip the alert mechanism only when both alarm sensors have been activated will
reduce nuisance alarms, but may also cause the probability of detection to decrease.