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You are on page 1of 7

For full marks you must a) insert relevant diagrams, b) explain in a few words what

you are doing, c) present solutions neatly, d) indicate units where relevant,

e) carry 3 significant figures.

1.

The force F has a magnitude of 80 lb and acts within the volume shown.

Determine the magnitudes of the x, y, and z components of F.

(15 points)

Write down the direction cosines first, and use them to find the magnitudes. We have ,

, but no yet, so start by finding .

cos2 + cos2 +cos2 = 1

=1

= 60 also

Now magnitudes are

Fx

Fy

Fz

= 80 cos 60 = 40 lb

= 80 cos 45 = 56.6 lb

= 80 cos 60 = 40 lb

2.

Determine the magnitude of the projected component of force F along the pole.

(15 points)

we need a unit vector along AO?

AO = [-3i + 2j -6k]

and its magnitude is

32 + 22 + 62

1/7[-3i + 2j -6k]

=31.4 lb

3.

Determine the stretch in each of the two springs required to hold the 20 kg crate in

the equilibrium position shown. Each spring has an unstretched length of 2m and a

stiffness of k = 300N/m. (20 points)

FOC =

FOA =

FOB =

F

=

6i + 4j + 12k

62 + 42 + 122

- FOA j

- FOB i

- 196.2k

FOC

and F = 0

3/7 FOC - FOB = 0

2/7 FOC - FOA = 0

6/7 FOC - 196.2 = 0 and solving, we have

FOC = 228.9 N

Then using the spring formula, s = F/k:

sOB = 98.1/300 =

0.327m

sOA

= 65.4/300 =

0.218m

FOA = 65.4 N

4.

Two men exert forces of F = 80 lb and P = 50 lb on the ropes. Determine the

moment of each force about A. Will the pole rotate clockwise or counterclockwise?

(20 points)

P and F both can be resolved into vertical and horizontal components. The vertical

components pass through A and contribute zero moment. Therefore, we only consider

the horizontal components.

MP = P . cos 45 . 18 = 636 ft.lb (acw)

MF = F . 4/5 .12

MTOTAL

= 636 - 768

= -132 ft.lb

= clockwise

(or, using r ^ F, for force F,

r = 0i + 12j + 0k

F = 80 4/5 i - 80 3/5 j + 0k

so

r^F =

i

j

k

0

12

0

64

-48 0

=

=

0i + 0j - 768k

768 lb.ft c.w.

etc. .. same approach for the other force, P, then find resultant to see if it is cw (ve) or acw (+ve)

A.

uF1

4/5 i + 3/5 k =

0.8i + 0.6k

uFR

=

=

0.3536i + 0.6124j + 0.707k

F1

cos = 0.8,

=

cos = 0

=

cos = 0.6

=

FR

cos = 0.3536

cos = 0.6124

cos = 0.707

=

=

=

36.9

90

53.1

69.3

52.2

45

B.

Determine the moment created by the force F = [50i + 100j - 50k] N, acting at D,

about each of the joints at B and C. (20 points)

rBD

= (0.75i + 0j - 0.3k) m

rCD

MB

i

j

0.75 0

50

100

MC

...................

k

-0.3

-50

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