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Seminar for the Department of Computer Science

at the University of Federal Armed Forces Munich (WT 2004)

Mobile Systems 3 (MobSys)


Burkhard Stiller1, 2, Peter Racz1, Frank Eyermann1, Arnd Heursch1, Oliver Braun1,
1 Institut fr Informationstechnische Systeme (IIS)
Universitt der Bundeswehr Mnchen
Werner-Heisenberg-Weg 39, D-85579 Neubiberg, Germany
and
2 Institut fr Technische Informatik und Kommunikationsnetze (TIK)
ETH Zrich
Gloriastrasse 35, CH-8092 Zrich, Switzerland
Mnchen: Phone: +49 89 6004-2826, FAX: +49 89 6004-3898
Zrich: Phone: +41 1 632 7016, FAX: +41 1632 1035
E-Mail: stiller@informatik.unibw-muenchen.de, racz @informatik.unibw-muenchen.de,
eyermann@informatik.unibw-muenchen.de, obraun@informatik.unibw-muenchen.de
2004 Burkhard Stiller

ETH Zrich

UniBw Mnchen IIS

Outline

Technical Introduction
Seminar Organization

2004 Burkhard Stiller

ETH Zrich

UniBw Mnchen IIS

Mobile Communications

 Two aspects of mobility:


User mobility: users communicate (wireless) anytime,
anywhere, with anyone
Device portability: devices can be connected anytime,
anywhere to the network

 Wireless vs. mobile:










Examples:
Stationary computer
Notebook in a hotel
Wireless LANs in historic buildings
Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)

 The demand for mobile communication creates the


need for integration of wireless networks into
existing fixed networks
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2004 Burkhard Stiller

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Wireless Network Dimensions


Terminal
Mobility
MBS
(Mobile Broadband System)

fast
UMTS
mobile
GSMDECT
slow
portable
fixed

SAMBA
MEDIAN

WAND
ISDN
10 kbit/s

B-ISDN
2 Mbit/s

20 Mbit/s 30 Mbit/s

150 Mbit/s
Thanks to J. Schiller

2004 Burkhard Stiller

ETH Zrich

UniBw Mnchen IIS

Always Best Connected


LAN, WLAN
780 kbit/s

UMTS, GSM
115 kbit/s

GSM 53 kbit/s
Bluetooth 500 kbit/s

LAN
100 Mbit/s,
WLAN
54 Mbit/s

UMTS,
DECT
2 Mbit/s
GSM/EDGE 384 kbit/s,
WLAN 780 kbit/s

UMTS, GSM
384 kbit/s

GSM 115 kbit/s,


WLAN 11 Mbit/s

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2004 Burkhard Stiller

UniBw Mnchen IIS

Mobile Devices
Pager:
Receive only
Tiny displays
Simple text
messages

PDA:
Simpler graphical displays
Character recognition
Simplified WWW

Sensors,
embedded
controllers

Laptop:
Full-fledged functionality
Standard applications

Palmtop:
Tiny keyboard
Simple versions
of standard applications

Mobile phones:
Voice, data
Simple graphical displays

Increasing Performance
2004 Burkhard Stiller

ETH Zrich

UniBw Mnchen IIS

Mobility

W-CDMA
W-CDMA
(Intra-RNC)
W-CDMA
W-CDMA
(Inter-RNC)

Domain A
W-CDMA

W-CDMA to
802.11
Backbone

802.11
Domain B

802.11 ( Inter
Domain )

Domain D
802.11

802.11 to
Ethernet

Ethernet
Domain C
2004 Burkhard Stiller

ETH Zrich

UniBw Mnchen IIS

Comparison of Wireless and Wired Networks








Higher loss-rates due to interference:


Emissions of, e.g., engines, lightning

Restrictive regulations of frequencies:


Frequencies have to be coordinated, useful frequencies are almost all
occupied

Low transmission rates:


Local some Mbit/s, regional currently, e.g., 9.6 kbit/s with GSM

Higher delays, higher jitter:


Connection setup time with GSM in the second range, several
hundred milliseconds for other wireless systems

Lower security, simpler active attacking:


Radio interface accessible for everyone, base station can be
simulated, thus attracting calls from mobile phones

Always shared medium:


Secure access mechanisms important

2004 Burkhard Stiller

ETH Zrich

UniBw Mnchen IIS

Use of Protocols
80
70
60

IP
SNA
IPX
RFC 1490
Others

50
40
30
20
10
0

Source: Gartner Group

1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

IP is the only protocol that matters anymore!


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2004 Burkhard Stiller

ETH Zrich

UniBw Mnchen IIS

World-wide Cellular Subscribers Growth


1200

Subscribers [million]

1000
800
600
400
200
0
1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

Note that the curve starts to flatten in 2000


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Mobile Statistics Snapshots (Sep 02)


















Total Global Mobile Users 869m


Total Analogue Users 71m
Total US Mobile users 145m
Total Global GSM users 680m
Total Global CDMA Users 127m
Total TDMA users 84m
Total European users 283m
Total African users 18.5m
Total 3G users 130m
Total South African users 13.2m
European Prepaid Penetration 63%
European Mobile Penetration 70.2%
Global Phone Shipments 2001 393m
Global Phone Sales 2Q02 96.7m
http://www.cellular.co.za/stats/statsmain.htm



















#1 Mobile Country China (139m)


#1 GSM Country China (99m)
#1 SMS Country Philippines
#1 Handset Vendor 2Q02 Nokia (37.2%)
#1 Network In Africa Vodacom (6.6m)
#1 Network In Asia Unicom
#1 Network In Japan DoCoMo
#1 Network In Europe T-Mobil (22.3m)
#1 In Infrastructure Ericsson
Global monthly SMSs/user 36
SMS Sent Globally 1Q02 60 billion
SMS sent in UK 6/02 1.3 billion
SMS sent Germany 1Q02 5.7 billion
SMS Sent 2001 102.9 billion
GSM Countries on Air 171
GSM Association members 574
Total Cost of 3G Licenses in Europe 110bn
EUROs

Those figures vary a lot depending on the statistic, creator of those statistics!
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Seminar Organization

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Basics of the MobSys Seminar

 Introduction: Tuesday, January 13, 2004


Building 41/400, Room 0401, 16.15 18.00 Uhr.

 Seminar: Tuesdays (only at those dates indicated)


Building 41/400, Room 0401, 16.15 18.00 Uhr.

 Electronic Information:
News and updates.
http://iis.unibw-muenchen.de/Inst3/lehre/seminare/
MobSys-III-WT04.html
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Organization

 Target:
Self-performed reading and material investigation.

 Process:

Read.
Search, think, and classify.
Write: min about 18-26 pages (LaTeX template to be used).
Identification of open issues and hand-in of pre-version and,
optional hand-in of presentation to identified supervisor.
Integration of changes and corrections.
Preparation of talk: 45 minutes.
Preparation/moderation of discussion (statements): 45 min.
Reply to questions and problems.

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ETH Zrich

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Written Report Template

 Written reports have to follow a common style.

LaTeX determines the choice.


Figures in .jpg and .eps.
Title, Author, Abstract on page one.
Table of content on page two.
First section and further sections starting from page three.
Bibliographic references and (optional) list of
abbreviations as well as glossary at the final end.

 http://ist.unibw-muenchen.de/People/obraun/

internal/MobSysTemplate.zip
 Due date for all written reports is Wed March 31, 04!
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Topics

 Investigation of two areas of the Mobile Systems,


relevant for the wireless services in the Internet:
Technology:
War Driving in WLAN
QoS in WLAN
Micro-mobility
Development:
Real-time Networking
Software Environments
Security Protocols and issues:
VPN
Advanced Security Concepts
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2004 Burkhard Stiller Intrusion Detection

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Overview of Talk Titles and Dates


Talk 1 (Feb 3): War Driving:
D. Schindler
Talk 2 (Feb 10): New VPN Solutions:
A. Kongnin
Talk 3 (Feb 17): Real-time Networking in Wireless and Wired Networks
R. Nantke
Talk 4 (Feb 24): Micro-mobility in IP-based Networks
Ph. Appelhoff
Talk 5 (Mar 2): QoS in Wireless Local Area Networks
A. Fischer
Talk 6 (Mar 9): Advanced Concepts for Security in Mobile Networks
J. Albe
Talk 7 (Mar 23): Intrusion Detection in Mobile Networks
L. Langer
Talk 8 (Mar 30): Software Environments for Mobile Devices
M. Bhm
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ETH Zrich

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Summary

 http://iis.unibw-muenchen.de/Inst3/lehre/seminare/
MobSys-III-WT04.html
 In case of questions contact by e-mail:
Prof. Dr. Burkhard Stiller:
E-Mail stiller@informatik.unibw-muenchen.de or
Peter Racz:
E-Mail racz@informatik.unibw-muenchen.de
Frank Eyermann:
E-Mail eyermann@informatik.unibw-muenchen.de
Arnd Heursch:
E-Mail Arnd.Heursch@unibw-muenchen.de
Oliver Braun: obraun@informatik.unibw-muenchen.de
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