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A MINI PROJECT REPORT

ON
SEISMIC ANALYSIS ON MULTI-STOREY
BUILDINGS USING TIME HISTORY METHOD
Submitted in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree
of
BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
in
CIVIL ENGINEERING
Submitted by
A DEEPTHI
G KALYAN
A CHAITANYA

13B81A0121
13B81A0128
13B81A0120

Under the Guidance of


Ms.J.Sandhya Rani
Assistant Professor

Department of Civil Engineering


CVR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
ACCREDITED BY NBA, AICTE&Affiliated to JNTUH)
Vastunagar, Mangalpalli (V)
Ibrahimpatan (M), R.R. District, PIN 501 510
(2013-2017)

CVR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING


ACCREDITED BY NBA,AICTE&Affiliated to JNTU-H
Vastunagar, Mangalpalli (V), Ibrahimpatan (M), R.R. District, PIN 501 510
Web: http://cvr.ac.in, email: info@cvr.ac.in

Department of Civil Engineering


CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project report titled SEISMIC ANALYSIS ON
MULTI-STOREY BUILDINGS USING TIME HISTORY METHOD is a bonafide
work done as Mini project and submitted by

A.DEEPTHI

13B81A0121

G.KALYAN

13B81A0128

A.CHAITANYA

13B81A0120

In partial fulfillment of requirement for the award of Bachelor of Technology degree in


Civil Engineering, CVR College of Engineering, Ibrahimpatan. This work has not been
submitted to any university or institution for the award of any degree or diploma.

Project Guide

Head of the Department

Ms.J.Sandhya Rani

Dr.T.Muralidhara Rao

Assistant professor

External Examiner

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We owe a great many thanks to a great many people who helped and supported us during
the Mini project work.
We express our earnest gratitude to our internal guide, Ms. J.SANDHYA RANI,Assistant
professor, Department of Civil Engineering, for his/her constant support, encouragement
and guidance. We are grateful for her cooperation and valuable suggestions.
We also express our thanks to Dr. T. MURALIDHARA RAO, Head of the Department of
Civil Engineering for the encouragement and support given to us.
Our deep sense of gratitude to the Mini Project Co-ordinator,Mr.M.VAMSI,Associate
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering for providing timely advice and proper
guidelines for preparing the Mini Project Report. Thanks to all the people at CVR
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, for their support during and after the project work.
Finally, we express our gratitude to all other members who are involved either directly or
indirectly for the successful completion of this project.
1) A.DEEPTHI
13B81A0121

2) G.KALYAN
13B81A0128

3) A.CHAITANYA
13B81A0120

DECLARATION
We, the undersigned, declare that the project entitled SEISMIC ANALYSIS ON
MULTI-STOREY BUILDINGS USING TIME HISTORY METHOD, being
submitted in partial fulfillment for the award of Bachelor of Technology Degree in Civil
Engineering, affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad, is the
work carried out by us.

1) A.DEEPTHI
13B81A0121

2) G.KALYAN
13B81A0128

3) A.CHAITANYA
13B81A0120

SIGNATURE

ABSTRACT
Now a days, there is high demand for construction of tall buildings due to increasing
construction of tall buildings due to increasing urbanization and spiraling population, and
earthquakes have the potential for causing the greatest damages to those tall structures.
Since earthquake forces are random in nature and unpredictable, the engineering tools
need to be sharpened for analyzing structures under the action of these forces. Earthquake
loads are required to be carefully modeled so as to assess the real behavior of structure
with a clear understanding that damage is expected but it should be regulated. Earthquake
causes different shaking intensities at different locations and the damage induced in
buildings at these location is also different. Thus, there is necessary to construct a
structure which is earthquake resistance at a particular level. So the study of action of
seismic forces on multi stored building is essential. In this project five multi stored
buildings of five, ten, fifteen, twenty, twenty five storey are considered. Seismic or earth
quake analysis is done by implementing time history method using SAP 2000
software.ELCENTRO earth quake is used for analysis and the response is determined
in terms of joint displacement storey drifts and base shear.

CONTENTS
CHAPTER

CHAPTER-1

CHAPTER-2

TITLE

PAGE

Abstract

Contents

ii

List of Tables

List of Figures

vi

Introduction

01-10

1.1

General

1.2

Loads

1.2.1 Types of loads

1.2.2 Classification of loads

1.2.2.1 Static loads

1.2.2.2 Dynamic loads

1.3

Basic Assumptions

1.4

Seismic Analysis

1.4.1 Code Based Methods of Seismic Analysis

1.4.1.1 Static Analysis

1.4.1.2 Dynamic Analysis

1.5

Time History Analysis

1.6

SAP2000 v16 Software

1.7

Objectives of Study

1.8

Scope of Study

10

1.9

Summary

10

Literature Review

11-20

2.1

General

11-19

2.2

Summary

20

ii

CHAPTER-3

CHAPTER-4

Methodology

21-30

3.1 General

21

3.2 Geometric Specifications

21

3.3 Properties of concrete

22

3.4

Properties of Steel

22

3.5

Modeling

22

3.6

Other Modeling Details

24

3.7

Load Pattern

25

3.8 Defining Time History Function

26

3.9

Load Case

27

3.9.1 Defining Load Case

27

3.9.2 Assignment of Loads

28

3.10 Analysis

30

3.11 Summary

30

Results
4.1

4.2
CHAPTER-5

31-34

Results

31

4.1.1 Maximum Base Shear

31

4.1.2 Joint Displacements

32

4.1.3 Inter Storey Drift

33

Deformed shape of the structure

34

Discussions

35-

5.1

General

35

5.1.1 Joint Displacements

35

5.1.2 Base Shear

36

5.1.3 Inter Storey Drift

36

Summary

37

5.2

iii

CHAPTER-6

Conclusions

38-39

6.1

General

38

6.2

Conclusions

38

6.2.1 Joint Displacements

38

6.2.2 Base Shear

38

6.2.3 Inter Storey Drift

38

Summary

39

6.3

References

40-41

iv

LIST OF TABLES
Table No.

Title

Page

4.1

Maximum Base Shear values

27

4.2

Joint Displacement values

29

4.3

Inter Storey Drift values

30

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure No.

Title

PageNo

3.1

Plan View

20

3.2

3D-View

20

3.3

View of the model after applying joint restraints

21

3.4

Load Patterns

22

3.5

Defining Time History Function

23

3.6

Defining Load case

24

4.1

Base Shear graph for 5 storey building

28

4.2

Deformed shape of the structure

30

5.1

Graph showing Joint Displacement values

31

5.2

Graph showing Base Shear values

32

5.3

Graph showing Inter Storey Drift values

32

vi