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The Azolla

The University of West Bohemia in Pilsen

Michaela Sedlkov

Overview
What is Azolla ?
Composition of Azolla
Being used
Use of energy
(Azolla filiculoides)

What is Azolla ?
Water plant floating fern
It grows up from 1 cm to 2.5 cm
Conditions for growth:
sunlight
temperature
nutritens

Symbiosis with blue-green-algae

(Anabaena azollae)

Nitrogen-fixing !!!

What
is
Azolla
?
Growth conditions:
The absece of needed nutritence, right temprerature and
sunlight - changes colour from green to the red-brown

Change of colour

What is
Azolla ??
What
is Azolla
Symbiosis with blue-green-algae
(Anabaena azollae)

Nitrogen-fixing !!!

The
composition
of
the
Azolla
Composition of Azolla:
The Elemental composition
for Azolla of a dry matter (%):

Chemical Analysis
of Azolla of a dry matter (%):

NITROGEN

2.5-3.5

ASH

10.00

PHOSPHORUS

0.15-1.00

CRUDE FAT

3.0-3.5

POTASSIUM

0.25-5.50

CRUDE PROTEIN

20-25

CALCIUM

0.45-1.25

SOLUBLE SUGARS

3.0-3.5

MAGNESIUM

0.25-0.50

STARCH

6.0-6.5

SULPHUR

0.20-0.75

SILICA

0.15-3.50

CHLOROPHYLL-A

0.25-0.50

SODIUM

0.15-1.25

CHLORINE

0.50-0.75

ALUMINIUM

0.04-0.50

IRON

0.04-0.50

MANGANESE(ppm )

60-2500

COPPER(ppm )

2-250

ZINC(ppm )

25-750

Being used
Fertilizer in agriculture
Fodder for animal

fish

chickens
cattle

Food for people

Being used
The Azolla vs. different fertilizers and fodders:
The Elemental composition of a dry matter (%):
NITROGEN

PHOSPHORUS

POTASSIUM

Azolla

2,5 - 3,5

0,15 - 1

0,25 - 5,5

Cattle manure

0,31

0,5

0,7

Horse manure

0,52

0,32

0,75

Chemical Analysis of a dry matter (%):


SUGAR

FAT

PROTEIN

ASH

STARCH

Azolla

3 - 3,5

3 - 3,5

20 - 25

10

6 - 6,5

Potatoes

2,1

0,4

4,6

73,8

Corn

3-5

8,9

6,8

75

Wheat flour

2-5

1,1 - 1,9

10 - 12

0,4 - 0,7

75 - 79

Rye flour

5-8

0,7 - 1,4

8 - 10

0,5 - 1,7

69 - 81

Being used
Biogas

putting to manure

bigger production the


biogas

Cleaning water


Azolla good nitrogen-fixin of


the waste water

good for cleaning biological


waste

good used like cleaner proces


for the smaller waste water
treatment plants with smaller
flow of water

Being used
The Waste Water Treatment Plant in
Thisted - Denmark

Use of energy
The production of the biogas:
7,41

7,5

The production of the electricial energy:


50

49,5

M J .ro k - 1 .E O - 1

m 3 . r o k -1 . E O -1

49
7
6,74

48

6,5

47,26

47

46
WTP Thisted

WTP Thisted + Azolla

WTP Thisted

WTP Thisted + Azolla

Use of energy
The Energy Parameters of The Azolla
original sample:

anhydrous sample:

Heat of combustion: 1,264 MJ.kg-1

Heat of combustion: 18,86 MJ.kg-1

Calorific value:

Calorific value:

Weight:

-1,095 MJ.kg-1
289 g

Weight:

17,76 MJ.kg-1
21 g

Thank You for Your


attention ...

References:

SEDLKOV, Michaela. The Possibilities of Wastewater Energy Usage. Bakalsk. ZU


v Plzni. Vedouc prce Ing. Petr Jindra.

http://www.ineedcoffee.com/06/azolla/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azolla

http://www.discoverlife.org

http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/GreenManureCrops/azolla.pdf

http://fle.czu.cz/~hejcman/Prednasky/Zemedelstvi4_Hojeni_vyz.pdf

http://web2.mendelu.cz/af_221_multitext/hnojeni_plodin/pdf/brambory_cepl.pdf

http://dspace.knihovna.utb.cz/bitstream/handle/10563/12663/zga%C5%BEarov%C3%A
1_2
010_dp.pdf?sequence=1
http://visual.ly/azolla-superplant