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Motor Calculations

Module 26309-05

National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

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Objectives

Upon completion of this module, you will be able to do the following:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Size branch circuits and feeders for electric motors.


Size and select overcurrent protective devices for motors.
Size and select overload relays for electric motors.
Size and select devices to improve the power factor at motor locations.
Size motor short circuit protectors.
Size multi-motor branch circuits.
Size motor disconnects.

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Performance Tasks

This is a knowledge-based module; there is no performance testing.

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Figure 2 - Squirrel cage rotor

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Figure 3 - Types of windings found in three-phase motors

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Figure 4 - Dual-voltage, wye-connected, three-phase motors

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Figure 5 - Equivalent parallel circuits

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Figure 6 - Arrangement of leads in a nine-lead, delta-wound, dual-voltage motor

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Figure 7 - Lead connections for a three-phase, dual-voltage, delta-wound motor

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Figure 8 - Lead connections for a 12-lead, dual-voltage, delta-wound motor

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Figure 9 - Fifteen-lead motor

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Figure 10 - Basic elements of any motor circuit

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Figure 11 - Typical motor control center

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Figure 12 - Sizing motor branch circuits

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Figure 13 - Ratings of nontime-delay fuses for typical motor circuits

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Figure 14 - Fuse application guidelines for motor branch circuits

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Figure 15 - Determining running current with an ammeter

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Figure 16 - Motor starting current characteristics

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National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Figure 17 - Time-current characteristics of dual-element fuses and overload heaters

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

Transparency 18

National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Figure 18 - Circuit components of a typical 10-horsepower motor

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

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National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Figure 19 - Combination motor starter with magnetic-only circuit breakers

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

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National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Figure 20 - Typical 30-horsepower Design B energy efficient motor circuit

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

Transparency 21

National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Figure 21 - Several motors on one branch circuit

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

Transparency 22

National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Figure 22 - Several smaller motors supplied by one branch circuit

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

Transparency 23

National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Figure 23 - Placement of capacitors in a motor circuit

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

Supplemental Art

National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

Figure 1 - Basic parts of a three-phase motor

National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.

Think about it - Overload Protection

National Center
for Construction
Education and
Research

Electrical Level Three


Module 26309-05

Copyright 2005 by NCCER,


Published by Pearson Education, Inc.