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ANSWER TUTORIAL 4

CHAPTER 4

1)

..not satisfied (not stiff have to consider )

2) For a stiff voltage divide (ignoring loading effects), the base voltage is

And

By ohms law,

and

Therefore,
proved

3) From Figure 4, apply KVL around B-E loop,


VEE + VRB + VBE + VRE =0
Substitute using Ohm Law,
VEE + IBRB + VBE + IERE =0
Substitute IB = IE / DC,

Solving for IE,


proved

Emitter voltage with respect to ground,


VE = VEE + IERE
Collector voltage with respect to ground,
VC = VCC ICRC
Collector-to-emitter voltage is:
VCE = VC - VE

4)

5) Starting with Kirchhoffs voltage law around the base circuit,

Substituting for ,

Then, solving for ,

Kirchhoffs voltage law applied around the collector circuit,

Solving for VCE,


VCE = VCC - proved

Substituting the expression for into the formula yields

proved

6)

(a)
b)

c)

d)
7)