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Antonime - Vocabular

Antonimele sunt cuvinte care au forma sonor diferit i neles opus. Exemple: alb-negru; nalt-
scund ; mic-mare ; viu-mort ; tnr-btrn ; ieri-azi ; jos-sus; mult-puin ; gras-slab.

Adesea antonimele se obin cu ajutorul prefixelor. Exemple : moral-imoral, amoral ; cinstit-


necinstit; serios-neserios ; a robi-a dezrobi ; a face- a desface ; cert-incert ; amic-inamic ; politic-
apolitic etc. Multe cuvinte, ns nu pot avea corespondent antonimic. Astfel: cas, mas, pat,
birou, carte, creion, mam, tat, frate, sor, lamp, cuit, caiet etc.

Exemple de Antonime:

abroga = a anula o lege,o dispozitie oficial a legifera, a legiui,a reglementa.


abstract = conceptual, naional, general, prea teoretic concret, material, palpabil, sesizabil.
accidental = ntmpltor, secundar, neesenial constrns,principal, fundamental, esenial.
a achita = a slobozi (jur.), a declara printr-o hotrre judectoreasc nevinovia unei persoane
a incrimina, ainculpa, a nvinui.
acuratee = exactitate,precizie inexactitate, imprecizie,neclaritate.
advesar = inamic, potrivnic, duman amic, prieten, frtat, ortac.
acribie = meticulozitate, rigurozitate, contiinciozitate, exigen superficialitate, uurin,
neaprofundare.
afabil = vinevoitor, cordial, afectuos, duios, tandru ruvoitor, tensionat.
afront = insult, ofens consideraie, laud, apreciere.
alogen = care se deosebete prin natur i origine de mediul n care se afl ; venit din afar
btina, autohton, indigen, aborigen.
altruism = egoism, siniubire (nv.)
amiabil = nelegtor, prietenos, rezolvat prin negociere pe cale diplomatic beligerant,
militarist,belicos.
antum = publicat n timpul vieii postum - publicat dup moartea autorului.
adaptabil = maleabil inadaptabil, neacomodabil.
benefic = favorabil, binefctor malefic, care are o influen nefast, fatal.
boreal = nordic, septentrional austral, meridional, sudic.
concav = adncit, scobit convex, bombat.
concis = expus pe scurt, concentrat prolix, dezlnat, diluat.
confient = ncreztor suspicios, incredul, circumspect, temtor, bnuitor.
caduc = ubred, pieritor rezistent, solid, durabil, peren,viabil.
decen = reveren, cuviin ; pudoare, ruine, sfial, bun-cuviin, moralitate ireveren,
indecen, necuviin, impudoare, imoralitate, vulgaritate, neruinare,obscenitate.
deplorabil = lamentabil, mizerabil, nenorocit, ticlos bun, distins, raional, preamrit, slvit,
ngduitor.
desuet = nvechit, demodat, perimat, caduc, vetust, famat nnoit, modernizat, reformat,rennoit,
regenerat.
detracat = dezechilibrat, smintit, dezaxat, deczut moral echilibrat,normal, ntreg, sntos,
integru, moral.
distonant = discordant, inadecvat, necorespunztor, nearmonios,strident potrivit, echivalent,
corespunztor,concordant,armonios, proporionat, simetric, simfonic, unduios.
exhaustiv = complet, integral, ntreg, total incomplet, necomplet,fragmentar, parial.
fezabil = posibil, realizabil imposibil, irealizabil, utopic, himeric, impracticabil.
filotim = culant, darnic, generos, galanton avar, zgrcit, parcimonios, ponderat.
grandilocvent = afectat, artificial, bombastic,emfatic, pompos,retoric necutat, natural, frust,
firesc, precis, real.
grobian = prost crescut, necioplit, grosolan, bdran, mitocan binecrescut, civilizat, educat,
delicat,stilat,distins, fin.
ilar = hazliu, ilariant, comic, amuzant, nostim, vesel sobru, auster, grav, sever, aspru, serios.
introvertit extravertit, sociabilitate.
imanent = intrinsec, luntric extrinsec.
ngduin = indulgen, toleran intransigen, asprime, rigurozitate, severitate.
machiavelic = duplicitar, fals, fariseic, ipocrit, perfid cinstit, sincer,loial,onest, prob, neprefcut.
modestie = simplicitate, simplitate, sobrietate infatuare, arogan, ngmfare, orgoliu, vanitate.
mansuetudine = buntate, blndee maliiozitate, asprime, cruzime,neomenie.
nobil = ales,generos, mrinimos ignorabil, infam, mrav.
preios ordinar, inferior.
ales = distins, elegant grosolan.
oneros = copleitor, covritor, dezavantajos, ilegal, ilicit, mpovrtor, necinstit, neonest
biruitor, licit, despovrat, uurat, avantajos, legal,cinstit, onest.
prezumat = bnuit, ipotetic, presupus, prezumtiv nebnuit, imprevizibil, netgduit, categoric,
nendoielnic, peremptoriu, vdid, cert.
prezumios = ncrezut, nfumurat, arogant, infatuat, sfidtor, impertinent modest, simplu, umil,
smerit, nepretenios, cuviincios, reverenios.
prodigios = fecund, prolific, productiv arid, sterp,steril, neroditor,neproductiv.
precoce =prematur, timpuriu tardiv, ntrziat.
precursor = nainta, antecesor,predecesor urma, succesor.
silnic = forat, impus, afectat, artificial benevol, fortuit, incidental, necutat,natural, firesc.
vesperal = seral diurn, zilnic.
vernal = primvratic autumnal, tomnatic.