You are on page 1of 1

Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) was an American general who

commanded the Southwest Pacific in World War II (1939-1945), oversaw


the successful Allied occupation of postwar Japan and led United Nations
forces in the Korean War (1950-1953). A larger-than-life, controversial
figure, MacArthur was talented, outspoken and, in the eyes of many,
egotistical. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in
1903 and helped lead the 42nd Division in France during World War I
(1914-1918). He went on to serve as superintendent of West Point, chief of
staff of the Army and field marshal of the Philippines, where he helped
organize a military. During World War II, he famously returned to liberate
the Philippines in 1944 after it had fallen to the Japanese. MacArthur led
United Nations forces during the start of the Korean War, but later clashed
with President Harry Truman over war policy and was removed from
command.

Douglas MacArthur (1880 1964) adalah seorang Jenderal asal Amerika Serikat
yang memimpin dan mengomandoi Angkatan Darat Amerika di Pasifik Barat
Daya selama Perang Dunia II (1939 1945). Setelah Perang Dunia II berakhir, ia
memimpin pasukan pendudukan Amerika di Jepang (1945 1949), kemudian
memimpin Pasukan PBB selama Perang Korea (1950 1953). Terkenal karena
sosoknya yang berani, berkharisma, dan kontroversial, ia lulus dari Akademi
Militer West Point pada tahun 1903, ia bergabung dalam Divisi ke-42 Angkatan
Darat Amerika selama Perang Dunia I di Perancis. Menjelang perang berakhir,
MacArthur ditunjuk sebagai salah satu perwira tinggi Divisi ke-42 dengan
pangkat Brigadir Jenderal. Selepas Perang Dunia I dengan kemenangan di tangan
Sekutu, MacArthur melanjutkan karirnya sebagai perwira superintenden di West
Point. Presiden Herbert Hoover kemudian menunjuk MacArthur sebagai Kepala
Staf Angkatan Darat pada tahun 1930,