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INGLÉS I

L i l i a E v e l y n G u z m á n V i d a l
D e l i a Ro c i o G a n v i n i A s e n c i o s
Serie: Cuadernos de Inglés
FONDO EDITORIAL

INGLÉS I

L i l i a E v ely n G u z m á n V i d a l
D el i a R o c i o G a n v i n i A s e n c i o s
FICHA TÉCNICA
Título: Inglés I
Autor: Lilia Evelyn Guzmán Vidal
Delia Rocio Ganvini Asencios
Categoría: Cuadernos de Inglés
Código: CU/375-2016
Edición: Fondo Editorial de la UIGV
Formato: 170 mm. X 245 mm. 206 pp.
Impresión: Offsett y encuadernación en rústica
Soporte: Cubierta: folcote calibre 14
Interiores: Bond alisado de 75 g.
Publicado: Lima, Perú. Abril del 2016

Universidad Inca Garcilaso de la Vega


Rector: Luis Cervantes Liñán
Vicerrector Académico: Jorge Lazo Manrique
Vicerrector de Investigación y Posgrado: Juan Carlos Córdova Palacios
Jefe del Fondo Editorial: Fernando Hurtado Ganoza

© Universidad Inca Garcilaso de la Vega


Av. Arequipa 1841 - Lince / Teléf.: 471-1919
www.uigv.edu.pe
Fondo Editorial de la Universidad Inca Garcilaso de la Vega
Jr. Luis N. Sáenz 557 - Jesús María / Teléf.: 461-2745 Anexo: 3712

Estos textos de educación a distancia están en proceso de revisión y adecuación a los estándares internacionales de notación
y referencia.
Hecho el Depósito Legal en la Biblioteca Nacional del Perú Nº 2016-04949
ÍNDICE

Presentación .............................................................................................. 7
Introducción .............................................................................................. 9
Orientaciones metodológicas......................................................................... 11

UNIT ONE
GOOD MORNING!........................................................................................ 13
Lesson 1: Good morning!......................................................................... 15
Lesson 2: Introductions........................................................................... 27
Lesson 3: Personal information................................................................. 37
Self-Assessment.......................................................................................... 47
On-line Exploring......................................................................................... 50
Bibliographic References............................................................................... 51

UNIT TWO
JOBS AND THE WORKPLACE......................................................................... 53
Lesson 4: Saying the date, telling the time................................................. 55
Lesson 5: The workplace.......................................................................... 63
Lesson 6: Jobs........................................................................................ 73
Self-Assessment.......................................................................................... 83
On-line Exploring......................................................................................... 86
Bibliographic References............................................................................... 87

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UNIT THREE
THE CITY AND THE MEDIA............................................................................ 89
Lesson 7: Describing things...................................................................... 91
Lesson 8: The city................................................................................... 101
Lesson 9: The media............................................................................... 107
Self-Assessment.......................................................................................... 113
On-line Exploring......................................................................................... 115
Bibliographic References............................................................................... 116

UNIT FOUR
LOOKING FOR A JOB.................................................................................... 117
Lesson 10: Reading a newspaper ad.......................................................... 119
Lesson 11: Writing a résumé.................................................................... 131
Lesson 12: A job interview....................................................................... 139
Self-Assessment.......................................................................................... 144
On-line Exploring......................................................................................... 146
Bibliographic References............................................................................... 147

ANSWER KEY .............................................................................................. 149
Unit one .............................................................................................. 151
Unit two .............................................................................................. 162
Unit three .............................................................................................. 170
Unit four .............................................................................................. 180
LISTENING SCRIPT...................................................................................... 189
Unit one .............................................................................................. 191
Unit two .............................................................................................. 194
Unit three .............................................................................................. 196
Unit four .............................................................................................. 198
PRONUNCIATION DRILLS.............................................................................. 203

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P R E S E N TA C I Ó N

El Fondo Editorial de la Universidad Inca Garcilaso de la Vega


participa como editor y productor de los textos universitarios para los
estudiantes de pregrado de la modalidad de Educación a Distancia.
Esta labor exige del personal directivo, académico, profesional y téc-
nico una visión de conjunto de las estrategias metodológicas propias
de esta modalidad. El trabajo del Fondo Editorial se desarrolla en el
diseño, diagramación y corrección de estilo lingüístico de los textos
universitarios. Los contenidos están ubicados en los tres grandes
campos del conocimiento: científico, humanístico o artístico.
El esfuerzo compartido con las Facultades, a través de sus
docentes-tutores, autores de los referidos libros, conduce, sin
duda alguna, a la elaboración de textos de buena calidad, los
cuales podrán utilizarse a través de la página web o mediante la
presentación física clásica.
En los últimos quince años, la modalidad de Educación a Dis-
tancia ha evolucionado, pasando por el e-learning, que privilegia la
formación profesional digital; b-learning, que combina lo tradicional
y lo nuevo en el proceso de la formación profesional; hasta la apro-
ximación actual al móvil learning, que aparece como la síntesis de
todo lo anterior y una proyección al futuro.
Con todo ello, el Fondo Editorial reitera su compromiso de parti-
cipar en la tarea universitaria de formación académica y profesional,
acorde con los tiempos actuales.
 Fondo Editorial

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INTRODUCCIÓN

El Cuaderno de Inglés I, ha sido preparado para que el alumno


pueda conocer las bases del idioma Inglés. Se ha elaborado pensando
que sea fácil y sencillo de seguir, para que el idioma se aprenda sin
dificultad.

Los estudiantes normalmente se benefician de escuchar cuanto


puedan del idioma Inglés, por esto se aconseja que cada vez que
sea posible, escuchen canciones, programas, conversaciones, etc.
en inglés. Cuanto más entrenen su oído más entenderán el idioma
ya que “La práctica hace al maestro”.

Cada lección tiene vocabulario nuevo, el cual deberá aprenderse


y utilizarse según las instrucciones. La pronunciación es importante;
por ello se ha escrito la pronunciación y la acentuación entre barras
y en letras cursivas. /xx/. Ejemplo: car /kár/ elephant /élefant/.

Siempre se recomienda tener un buen diccionario a mano.


Una vez aprendida una lección, se puede continuar los ejercicios
con palabras nuevas que uno mismo puede añadir a su lista perso-
nal. Además de los ejercicios presentados, Ud. puede acceder a las
páginas de internet que se citan al final de cada unidad, en donde
podrá encontrar una variedad de ejercicios para continuar con su
aprendizaje y ampliar sus horizontes. Además encontrará videos y
actividades de audio que le serán muy útiles.

El presente texto contiene explicaciones gramaticales y ejemplos


prácticos para facilitar el aprendizaje del alumno. Una vez compren-
dida la teoría se continúa con la práctica. Ésta no solamente debe
ser escrita, pues el idioma Inglés es muy diferente tanto como se lee
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que como se escribe, sino que también se debe leer en voz alta para
acostumbrarse a los nuevos sonidos que se utilizarán.

Se recomienda que trate de resolver los ejercicios por cuenta


propia y al final pueda comparar las soluciones obtenidas con las
correctas. Esto le permitirá tener confianza y seguridad sobre lo
que está aprendiendo y al mismo tiempo podrá medir sus logros
personales. Si su verdadero deseo es ser un buen profesional, hará
todo lo posible por ser honrado consigo mismo. Verá que el esfuerzo
vale la pena.

Deseando que sus esfuerzos tengan éxito y que en este mun-


do globalizado pueda desempeñarse como buen profesional bien
preparado para enfrentar todo tipo de retos, les dedico esta obra.

Lilia Evelyn Guzmán Vidal

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orientaciones
METODOLÓGICAS
ESTRUCTURA: El manual de INGLÉS I está dividido en Cuatro
Unidades Didácticas para facilitar el estudio. Cada Unidad contiene
pequeñas lecciones que, en conjunto, deberá estudiar, aprender y
practicar en un promedio de cuatro semanas por unidad. La Unidad
empieza con un título que le ayudará a tomar conciencia de lo que
aprenderá y cómo puede serle útil la información. Cada Lección
contiene tanto la explicación como los ejemplos necesarios para
su mejor entendimiento. Las lecciones contienen ejercicios, ayudas
gramaticales y links para poder practicar lo aprendido.

SUMILLA: El curso de Inglés I es una asignatura de naturaleza


eminentemente práctica y secuencial, tiene el propósito de brindar-
le al alumno las herramientas y estrategias necesarias para poder
conectarse con el idioma (por primera vez) a un nivel básico o de
activar conocimientos, y desarrollar o fortalecer los conocimientos
previamente adquiridos para ser usados en el ambiente laboral.

Se desarrollaran los contenidos en cuatro unidades temáticas:

1. Introducciones – Información personal

2. El trabajo y la Oficina

3. La ciudad y los medios

4. Buscando y solicitando empleo

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OBJETIVO: El estudiante al concluir la asignatura de Inglés I


adquirirá y/o reactivará habilidades básicas de: escuchar, hablar,
leer y escribir; haciendo uso de estrategias metodológicas activas e
interactivas, complementadas con ayudas didácticas de audio, video,
multimedia y recursos virtuales.

ESTRATEGIA DE APRENDIZAJE: Tenga un buen diccionario bi-


lingüe a mano. (Inglés - español / español – inglés) Consiga uno de
bolsillo, de preferencia. Establezca un horario personal de estudio
diario. Sujétese a él y no lo varíe por nada. Sea regular y constante.
Motívese. Al leer la situación o caso de la Unidad piense: “¿Cómo me
puede ayudar esta información?”. Primero, lea bien las instrucciones
y/o explicaciones. Observe y analice los ejemplos. Trate de explicar
lo que se ha leído. Practique con los ejercicios. Hágalo todas las
veces que considere necesario hasta que se sienta seguro. Repase
los ejercicios de pronunciación que están al final del Texto. Hágalos
con calma, repítalos cada vez que sea necesario. Aprenda el glosario
final. Que éste le brinde la base para edificar un nuevo vocabulario.
Añada cuantas palabras considere necesarias. Si hay alguna palabra
en especial que le interesa búsquela en el diccionario y agréguela al
glosario. Aumente la variedad de ejercicios buscando las páginas de
Internet que se sugieren al final del Texto. Como último paso, desa-
rrolle la AUTOEVALUACION. Ponga a prueba todo lo que aprendió.
Una vez que lo logre pase a la siguiente Unidad.

EVALUACIÓN: Se estudiará las tres primeras Unidades para el


Primer Parcial, y las tres últimas Unidades para el Segundo Parcial.
El examen sustitutorio se basará en las seis Unidades.

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U N I T

ONE

INTRODUCTIONS AND
PERSONAL INFORMATION
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
At the end of this Unit the student will be able to:
1.1 Greet and say goodbye appropriately.
1.2 Use properly the main verb “To Be” and pronouns.
1.3 Ask for information using demonstratives.
1.4 Use indefinite article “a/an” following grammatical rules.
1.5 Make effective use of the new language within the Unit.

This Unit has the purpose to help you develop basic skills in learning a
new language; the ability to understand and communicate yourself from
the very first unit, in a simple way, in current professional situations.

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LESSON 1

GOOD MORNING!
/GUD MÓRNING/

1.1 GREETINGS
/grítings/
• Hi, how are you?
/jelów jau ár yu/

• I am Fine, thank you. How are you?


/fáin ⊖énk yu. Jau ár yu/

• Fine, thanks.
/fáin ⊖enks/

• Good Bye.
/gudbáy/

• Bye.
/báy/

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FORMAL GREETINGS

EXAMPLES

• Good morning • Good night • Nice to meet you!

• Good afternoon • Good bye • How are you?

• Good evening • See you later • Fine, thank you:

A. WORD SEARCH GAME

E X Z F X A H Q F L T D H W Z GOOD
Y Z R E V I B Z Y A N O G S A MORNING
AFTERNOON
B Z R A N W K I G T U O Y N F EVENING
G E G D S T E E S E B G U X T NICE
MEET
A N N B T V M L G R P N Z H E THANKS
S Y I E O Q T F C R F M E M R WELCOME
BYE
K X N N S Q S G Z O A I E B N SEE
N B R T E L P P E V M F O P O YOU
LATER
A P O K B V G Q T G N E B X O

H T M S R U E S C E A R M M N

T Z O Y V X O A X P E R N F X

W X W X D R W I U X C M D R S

D S F L L T U E W T I F R G U

W G O Q Y G H D T M N K O D O

N D D H K V R T Y L V A X L V

B. PRACTICE THE DIALOG


Listen to the dialog and practice with your partner.

A: Good morning, Miss Gamboa


B: Good morning, Mister Garcia.
A: Nice to meet you. How are you?
A: Nice to meet you, too. I’m fine, thanks.
B: Good bye.
A: Good bye.

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C. WRITE A GREETING
/ráit a grítin/
A: ______________________________________________
B: ______________________________________________
A:_______________________________________________
B:_______________________________________________
A:_______________________________________________
B:_______________________________________________

1.2 PERSONAL PRONOUNS


/pérsonal prónauns/
I /ay/
You /yu/
He /jí/ SINGULAR
She /shi/
It /it/
We /wi/
You /yu/ PLURAL
They /dey/

1.4 VERB “TO BE”


/verb tu bí/
The verb “to be” is an exceptional verb in English. It has special rules that are not
applied to any other verb. We are going to learn how to use it in the Present Tense.

This verb is usually used with the contraction in writing and in speaking in an informal
environment. But if you are writing documents at work, in a formal environment, you
never use the contraction.

CONTRACTION
I am I´m
/ayám/ /áym/

You are you’re

SINGULAR
/yuár/ /yúr/

He is he’s
/jiís/ /jís/

She is she’s
/sheís/ /shís/

It is it’s
/itís/ /íts/
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We are we’re
/wiár/ /wír/

You are you’re


/yuár/ /yúr/ PLURAL
They are they’re
/deyár/ /deyr/

QUESTION FORM
1. YES-NO QUESTIONS

These are questions which answer is “yes” or “no”. The verb “to be” in the interro-
gative form is a yes-no question. To form the interrogative you must change the verb
before the subject.

Examples:

Affirmative Yes or No Question

They are Peruvian Are they Peruvian?

She is a saleswoman Is she a saleswoman ?

Mary is a student Is Mary a student?

Tom and Harry are friends. Are Tom and Harry friends?

I am a teacher. Are you a teacher?

We are happy. Are you happy?

Examples:

The answer can be affirmative:


• Is Jonathan a baby? Yes, he is.
• Is Sandy pretty? Yes, she is.
• Are they students? Yes, they are.
• Are you a teacher? Yes, I am.

Or negative:
• Are you Peter? No, I’m not.
• Is he Sam? No, he isn’t.
• Is it a mouse? No, it isn’t.
• Are they brothers? No, they aren’t

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2. WH-QUESTIONS

Examples:

Affirmative Yes or No Question

Where are they from? They are from Venezuela.

Who is she? She is my teacher.

What is that? It is a desk.

When is your English class? My English class is on Monday

1.4 DEMONSTRATIVES: this-that / these-those


The words "this" and "that" are demonstrative adjectives (i.e. they demonstrate or
indicate nouns.)

1. Who’s this?
/júis ⊖is/
Tom Jones: This is Tom Jones.
/⊖ís is Tóm Yóns/
2. What’s this?
a chair: This is a chair.

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1.5 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: REPLACE THE NAME BY THE PRONOUNS. Follow the example.

Example: Mary is a doctor. She’s a doctor.


/eksámpol/
1 Jorge is a teacher. __s a teacher.
2 Pedro and Pablo are businessmen. ____’re businessmen.
3 Mary and I are nurses. __’re nurses.
4 You and Robert are engineers. ___’re engineers.
5 Fido is a dog. __’s a dog.

B: COMPLETE WITH THE CORRECT FORM OF VERB TO BE: AM-IS-ARE

1) I ____________ happy.

2) You ________funny.

3) They______ tired.

4) She _____in the house

5) The engineer and the doctor ____ in the garden.

6) Carol and I _____colleagues.

7) My name ______Bob.

8) I ____ twelve years old

C: LOOK AT THIS LIST OF PARTICIPANTS FOR MARKETING CONFERENCE IN LONDON.


USE THE INFORMATION BELOW TO HELP YOU FILL IN THE GAPS AS IN THE EXAMPLE.

Ms. Ishi first’s name is Mik. Mik and Sol are colleagues. The Canadian woman lives
with Agatha. Mr. Gana is a salesman. The financial assistant is 45 . Mik and Otto are
both German. Agatha and Otto are the same age.

Name Ishi mik Agatha Hugo Sol Tamia Otto Chip


Brown Gana
Company ………… Movistar IBM DG
System
job Engineer Salesman
Analyst
Nationality ………….. British Peruvian Canadian German
Residence Lima Rome ………….. Toronto Rio de Janeiro
Age 25 45 50 44 ………..

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Complete the questions and answer the questions as in the example

1. Is Sol from Germany? No, she isn’t. She is Canadian.

2. Are you Peruvian? ____________________________

3. Is Otto 35? ____________________________

4. _____________________. Yes, They are.

5. Is Hugo 50? ____________________________

Answer these questions:

1. What nationality is Hugo? ____________________________________________

2. Where is Otto from? ________________________________________________

3. What is Mik’s job? _________________________________________________

4. Where does Sol live? ________________________________________________

5. How old is Agatha? ________________________________________________

6. Who do Mik and Sol work for? ________________________________________

D: MAKE QUESTIONS WITH “WHO” AND ANSWER

1. Miss Tina 2. Mr. Hat 3. Mr. Blue

4. Miss Sullivan 5. Robert 6. Mrs. Black

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1. Who’s this? __________________________________

2. Who’s______? __________________________________

3. ___________? __________________________________

4. ___________? __________________________________

5. ___________? __________________________________

6. ___________? __________________________________

E: WHO’S THAT?:
/jús ⊖át/

1. Who’s that?

That’s Tom.

He’s a boy.

/Jís a boy/

2. Who’s _____?

_______ Mary.

;
She’s a girl.

/shís a gerl/

3. ___________?

_______ Mr. Harris.

______ a man.

/jís a man/

C
4. ___________?

______ Mrs. Harris.

______ a woman.

/shís a wúman/

5. __________?

______ Andy.

______ a baby.

/hís a béybi/
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1.6 READING
Good Morning I am Jenny Caceres, I am a reporter at EL COMERCIO and today I
am making a report on immigrants, today’s guests are two immigrants from Mexico,
they are Jossy Linares, and Roy Perez, they are Students at the Catolica College, she is
17 years old and he is 19. They are students but they are not workers. They live in an
apartment downtown.

Jenny : Where are you from?

Jossy : We are from the Guadalajara.

Jenny : Are you happy in Peru?

Jossy : Yes, we are, we enjoy living here.

Jenny : Roy, are you workers?

Roy : No, we aren’t. We are students.

Jenny : Thank you very much.

EXERCISES

TRUE (T) OR FALSO (F)

Jenny Caceres is a teacher at Catolica College. ____

Roy is a student in Mexico. ____

Jossy’s 17 years old ____

They live in a house ____

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1.7 VOCABULARY
1. Age ____ edad, época

2. Assistant ____ astronauta

3. Below ____ debajo, abajo

4. Between ____ bebé

5. Businessmen ____ hombres de negocios

6. Colleagues ____ colegas

7. Come ____ venir

8. Community ____ comunidad

9. Drawer ____ gaveta

10. Engineer ____ ingeniero

11. Enjoy ____ disfrutar

12. Far ____ lejos

13. Fill in ____ completar

14. Funny ____ divertido

15. Glad ____ contenta

16. Great ____ grande-genial

17. Greeting ____ saludo

18. Hear ____ escuchar

19. House ____ casa

20. How ____ como

21. Immigrant ____ inmigrante

22. Item ____ articulo

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23. Job ____ trabajo

24. Later ____ mas tarde, después

25. Let ____ permitir

26. Make ____ hacer

27. Meet ____ reunir-conocer

28. Name ____ name

29. Need ____ necesitar

30. Near ____ cerca

31. Office ____ oficina

32. Province ____ provincia

33. Reporter ____ reportera/o

34. Salesman ____ vendedor

35. Summer ____ verano

36. Woman ____ mujer

37. Worker ____ trabajador/a

Nice work!

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LESSON 2

INTRODUCTIONS

2.1 PRONUNCIATION
Boss
/bɔs/
Brother
/braƟer/
Dean
/dín/
Friend
/frénd/
Manager
/mæneyer/
Partner
/partnǝr
Principal
/príncipel/
Sister
/sister/
Teacher
/tícher/
Tutor
/tiútor/
THIS IS GOOD!
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2.2 POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE


PERSONALPRONOUN /POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE

my
I /máy/
your
You
/yor/
his
He
/jis/
her
She
/jer/
its
It
/its/
our
We
/áur/
your
You
/yor/
their
They
/déir/

2.3 GIVE PERSONAL INFORMATION


What is your name?
/uát is yor néym/

My name’s.....
/may néym is/

How old are you?


/jau óld ar yú/

I’m... years old.


/áym...yíers old/

Where do you live?


/uér du yu lív/

I live in...
/ay lív in/

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Where are you from?


/uér are yu from/
LOOKS GREAT!
I’m from...
/áym from.../

a. Introduce yourself
Example: Ana: Hello. My name’s Ana.
/jelóu, may néyms ana/

Rosa: Hi, I’m Rosa Pérez.


/Jáy, aym rosa peres/

Ana: Where are you from?


/uér ar yu from/

Rosa:Trujillo. And you?


/trujillo, and yú/

Ana: I’m from Cajamarca.


/áym from cajamarca/

Rosa: It’s nice to meet you.


/its náys tu mít yu/

Ana: Nice to meet you, too!


/náys tu mit yu tú/

b. Introduce other people


Example: Ana:Hi, Rosa. How are you?
/jáy rosa, jau ár yu/

Rosa: Fine, thanks. And you?


/Fáyn ⊖enks, and yú/

Ana: Great! Pedro, this is Rosa. My friend.


/gréyt, pedro ⊖is is rosa/ /may frénd/

Pedro: Nice to meet you, Rosa.


/náys tu mít yu, rosa/

Rosa: Nice to meet you, too.


/náys tu mit yu tú/

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2.4 INDEFINITE ARTICLE:


/indéfinit árticol/
A and AN are indefinite articles. "Indefinite" means "not specific". It goes before a
noun or adjective.

Example: A man An apple

A car An eraser

A robot An aple

A woman An umbrella

2.5 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: EXCHANGE THE PRONOUNS WITH THE POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
Example: I/ friend My friend .

1. We /office _______________________

2. Mary/ colleagues _______________________

3. You/ boss _______________________

4. I/ briefcase _______________________

5. He/chair _______________________

6. you/children _______________________

7. I/ doctor _______________________

8. They/books _______________________

9. You/glasses _______________________

10. We/telephone _______________________

11. He/files _______________________

12. She/job _______________________

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B: IDENTIFYING PEOPLE.
Who are they?

This is Mr. Smith ____________ Mr. Jones.


He’s a doctor ____________ postman.
He’s from Uruguay ____________ Nigeria.

___________ Miss Bell. ___________ Harry Nelson.


___________ teacher. ___________ architect.
___________ Venezuela. ___________ Argentina.

___________ Mr. Silver __________ Tom Wood.


___________ butcher. __________ carpenter.
___________ Brazil. __________ Ecuador

__________ Sam Wall. _________ Jane Glass.


__________ fireman. _________ engineer.
__________ Bolivia. _________ Bolivia.

C: MAKE QUESTIONS FROM THE SENTENCES.

Example:

1. This is Oscar García. What’s his name?

He’s from Arequipa. Where’s he from?

He’s the Principal. Who’s Mr. García?

2. This is María Barreto. _______________________________

She’s from Loreto. _______________________________

She’s an student. _______________________________

3. This is Gina Poggi. _______________________________

She’s from Tacna. _______________________________

She’s the manager of Toyota. _______________________________


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4. Rosa Ruíz is a teacher. _______________________________

She’s from Huanuco. _______________________________

She’s my friend. _______________________________

5. Santiago Torres is his name. _______________________________

He’s my brother. _______________________________

He’s from Lima. _______________________________

D: ANSWER THE QUESTION

1. What’s this? This is a/an ......

Example: 1.- This is a book.

1. book/ ______________ 2. Pencil ______________ 3. Notebook __________


/búk/ /péncil/ /nóutbuk/

4. Phone ______________ 5. Stapler ______________ 6. Computer ___________


/fóun/ /stéypler/ /kompiúter/

7. Tape ______________ 8. File ______________ 9. apple ______________


/téyp/ /fáyl/ /ápol/

10. ice cream ___________ 11. Egg ______________ 12. Orange ___________
/áys crim/ /ég/ /órench/

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2. What’s that? That’s a/an....

Example: 1.- That’s a family.

1.family ______________ 2.door ______________ 3.car __________


/fámeli/ /dór/ /kár/

4.window ______________ 5.house ______________ 6.radio ___________


/wíndou/ /jáus/ /réydiou/

7.television___________ 8. clock ______________ 9.chair ______________


/televíshon/ /clók/ /chér/

10.suitcase ___________ 11. Plane ______________ 12.astronaut ___________


/sútkeys/ /pléyn/ /astronáut/

3. What’re these? These are .......

Example: 1.- These are books.

1.Books ______________ 2.Colors____________ 3.Scissors __________


/búks/ /kólors/ /sísors/

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4.Bananas ____________ 5.Glasses ______________ 6.Tools ___________


/banánas/ /gláses/ /túls/

7.Flowers___________ 8.Grapes ______________


/fláuers/ /gréyps/

4. What’re those? Those are ........

Example: 1.-Those are coins.

1.Coins ______________ 2.Buildings___________ 3.Envelopes __________


/kóyns/ /péncil/ /énveloups/

4.Bags ______________ 5.People______________ 6.Boys ___________


/bags/ /pípol/ /boys/

7.Girls ______________ 8.Children_____________ 9.Students ____________


/gérls/ /chíldren/ /stiúdents/

10.Cherries ___________ 11.Eggs ______________ 12.Peas ___________


/chérris/ /égs/ /píís/

Just a little more!


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2.6 READING
Complete the blanks with the correct possessive adjectives then listen to check them.

Hello Daniela,

Here are the photos of (1) our (we) end-of-cycle party for(2) _______
(we) French class. The first photo is Julia and Juana. Is Julia in(3) ______
(you) English class? She’s sometimes (4) ______ (I) partner in pair work.
Julia is (5) _____ (she) best friend.

Then, in the second photo, the girl in the red T-shirt is Sheyla. She’s (6)
______ (Julia) sister. (7) _____ (They) family is in Canada, but Sheyla is
here, too. The short man is Mr. Peña. He’s (8) _______ (we) new teacher.
(9) _______ (He) first name is Harold, and he’s very friendly. In this photo
we’re in the hall near (10) _________(Mr. Peña) office. Send me some pic-
tures of your class.

Boris

2.7 VOCABULARY
1. Apple --- manzana
2. Architect --- arquitecto/a
3. Astronaut --- astronauta
4. Baby --- bebé
5. Bag --- maleta, maletín
6. Banana --- plátano
7. Book --- libro
8. Boss --- jefe
9. Boy --- niño, chico
10. Briefcase --- maletin
11. Brother --- hermano
12. Buildings --- edificios
13. Butcher --- carnicero
14. Car --- carro, auto
15. Carpenter --- carpintero
16. Cat --- gato
17. Chair --- silla
18. Cherries --- cerezas
19. Children --- niños
20. Clock --- reloj (pero no el de mano)
21. Coins --- monedas
22. Color --- color
23. Colleague --- colega
24. Computer --- computadora
25. Dean --- decano
26. Dentist --- dentista

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27. Doctor --- doctor


28. Dog --- perro
29. Door --- puerta
30. Egg --- huevo
31. Engineer --- ingeniero/a
32. Envelopes --- sobres, sobres de carta
33. Eraser --- borrador
34. Family --- familia
35. File --- archivo, folder
36. Fireman --- bombero
37. Flower --- flor
38. Friend --- amigo/a
39. Girl --- niña, chica
40. Glasses --- lentes, anteojos
41. Grapes --- uvas
42. House --- casa
43. Ice cream --- helado
44. Job --- trabajo
45. Live --- vivir
46. Man --- hombre
47. Manager --- gerente
48. Mechanic --- mecánico
49. Meet --- conocer/reunirse
50. Miss --- señorita
51. Mr. --- señor
52. Mrs. --- señora
53. Name --- nombre
54. Nice --- lindo
55. Notebook --- libreta, cuaderno
56. Office --- oficina
57. Orange --- naranja, anaranjado
58. Partner --- compañero/socio
59. Peas --- alverjas, guisantes
60. Pencil --- lápiz
61. People --- gente, personas
62. Phone --- teléfono
63. Plane --- avión
64. Postman --- cartero/a
65. Radio --- radio
66. Scissors --- tijeras
67. Secretary --- secretaria
68. Sister --- hermana
69. Stapler --- engrampador
70. Students --- estudiantes, alumnos
71. Suitcase --- maletín, portafolio
72. Tape --- cinta, cinta adhesiva
73. Teacher --- profesor/a
74. Television --- televisor
75. Thanks --- gracias
76. Thank you --- gracias (refiriéndose a la persona con quien se habla)
77. Tools --- herramientas
78. Very --- muy
79. Where --- donde
80. Window --- ventana
81. Woman --- mujer
82. Work --- trabajo
83. Write --- escribir

Very well!!!!
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LESSON 3

PERSONAL INFORMATION

3.1 SPELLING NAMES AND PLACES


When a proper name of a person, place or thing, is hard to understand or to write, we
usually spell it. To do this you must learn the English alphabet.

ALPHABET:
A B C D E F G
/ey/ /bi/ /si/ /di/ /i/ /ef/ /yi/
H I J K L M N
/eych/ /ay/ /yéy/ /key/ /el/ /em/ /en/
O P Q R S T U
/ou/ /pi/ /kyu/ /ar/ /es/ /ti/ /yu/
V W X Y Z
/vi/ /dábol yu/ /eks/ /uáy/ /zi/

EXERCISES:

a. Put the dialogue in the correct order and practice with your partner.
__Hi. My name’s Mary.
What’s your name?
__M-A-R-I-E-L-L-E
__How do you spell that?
__My name is Marielle.
__Hello.
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b. Listen and read:


Policeman: Name, please.
Gregory: Gregory Patterson
Policeman: Can you spell your last name, please?
Gregory: P-a-t-t-e-r-s-o-n
Policeman: And your first name?
Gregory: G-r-e-g-o-r-y
Policeman: Where are you from?
Gregory: I’m from Houston.
Policeman: Spell it, please.
Gregory: H-o-u-s-t-o-n
Policeman: Thank you.

3.2 CARDINAL NUMBERS


0 1 2 3 4 5
zero/oh one two three four five
/zirou/ou/ /uán/ /tú/ /⊖ri/ /fór/ /fáyv/
6 7 8 9 10 11
six seven eight nine ten eleven
/síks/ /séven/ /éyt/ /náyn/ /ten/ /iléven/
12 13 14 15 16 17
twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen
/tuélv/ /⊖ertín/ /fortín/ /fiftín/ /sixtín/ /seventín/
18 19 20 21 22 30
eighteen nineteen twenty twenty-one twenty-two thirty
/eytín/ /naytín/ /tuénty/ /tuentywán/ /tuentytú/ /⊖erti/
31 40 50 60 70 80
thirty one forty fifty sixty seventy eighty
/⊖erty uán/ /fórty/ /fifty/ /síksti/ /séventi/ /éyti/
90 100 200 1,000 2,000 30,000
ninety one hundred two hundred one thousand two thousand thirty
/náynty/ /uán ján- /tú jándred/ /uán ⊖áusa- /tu ⊖áusand/ thousand
dred/ nd/ /⊖érti
⊖áusand/

EXERCISES:
Addresses Phone Numbers
709 Oak Avenue (401) 555-8033
2385 Main Street (250) 623-9995
4603 King James (143) 268-8527
526 Broadway Ave. (587) 957-2309

• Where do you live?


I live in 6215 University Street, Dallas, Texas
• Which is your phone number?
It’s (142) 628-781

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3.3 PERSONAL INFORMATION

Hello, my name is Ida Campoverde, I am 41 years old and I


am from Peru. My hometown is Ica and I live in Miraflores. My
birthday is on September 2nd. I am married; my family is my
mother Mary, my husband Giovani and my son Juaquin.

I am a math teacher at PALM College.

My hobbies are listening to music and reading, My favorite


food is Italian and Korean food, my favorite book is "El amor
en los tiempos del cólera", my favorite movie is "Bajo el mismo
Cielo" and my favorite music is pop and rock.

My email address is idamathteacher@palm.edu.com

Nice to meet you.

Read the text and answer the questions.

1. What’s her name?

___________________________________________________________________

2. How old is she?

___________________________________________________________________

3. Where is she from?

___________________________________________________________________

4. Where does she live?

___________________________________________________________________

5. When is her birthday?

___________________________________________________________________

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6. What is her occupation?

___________________________________________________________________

7. What are her hobbies?

___________________________________________________________________

8. What is her favorite book?

___________________________________________________________________

Fine!

3.4 LISTENING
Listen to the dialog and complete the missing words. Then practice with your partner.
Juan: Hi, my name’s, ________.
Yumiko: Hi Peter, ________ Yumiko.
Juan: Nice to ________________, Yumiko. Are you in English I?
Yumiko: Yes, I am
Juan: ________ English I?
Yumiko: No, it isn’t. It’s in Room________C
Juan: Oh! Thank you.
Yumiko: ________________.

3.5 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: Who’s that?

Example: George / 21

Who’s that? That’s George.

How old is he? He’s 21 years old.

1. Harry / 19

____________________ ____________________________

____________________ ____________________________

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2. Melissa / 35

____________________ ____________________________

____________________ ____________________________

3. Silvia / 15

____________________ ____________________________

____________________ ____________________________

4. Katherine / 46

____________________ ____________________________

____________________ ____________________________

5. Mr. Red / 67

____________________ ____________________________

____________________ ____________________________

6. Mrs. White / 83

____________________ ____________________________

____________________ ____________________________

7. Mr. Sánchez / 51

____________________ ____________________________

____________________ ____________________________

8. Miss Vidal / 38

____________________ ____________________________

____________________ ____________________________

9. Mr. Calderón / 49

____________________ ____________________________

____________________ ____________________________

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B: WRITE THE FOLLOWING FIGURES IN NUMBERS.

a) Twenty one = _____________________________

b) Forty six = _____________________________

c) Seventy eight = _____________________________

d) Thirty three = _____________________________

e) Eighty two = _____________________________

f) Twelve = _____________________________

g) Fifty nine = _____________________________

h) Ninety four = _____________________________

i) One hundred ten = _____________________________

j) Six hundred fifty = _____________________________

k) One thousand eight hundred = _____________________________

l) Three thousand and six = _____________________________

C: WRITE THE FOLLOWING NUMBERS IN LETTERS.

a) 28 _________________________________________________

b) 11 _________________________________________________

c) 65 _________________________________________________

d) 92 _________________________________________________

e) 73 _________________________________________________

f) 66 _________________________________________________

g) 37 _________________________________________________

h) 109 _________________________________________________

i) 486 _________________________________________________

j) 351 _________________________________________________

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k) 900 _________________________________________________

l) 1,060 _________________________________________________

D: ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTION ABOUT YOURSELF AND ASK YOUR


PARTNER.
a) What’s your name?

___________________________________________________________________

b) Can you spell your first name and last name?

___________________________________________________________________

c) Where do you live?

___________________________________________________________________

d) Where are you from?

___________________________________________________________________

e) What’s your telephone number?

___________________________________________________________________

f) How old are you?

___________________________________________________________________

g) How are you?

___________________________________________________________________

E: SPELL THE FOLLOWING:

Example: Thanks T-h-a-n-k-s

a) Thirteen _________________

b) Egg _________________

c) Astronaut _________________

d) Butcher _________________

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e) Engineer _________________

f) Teacher _________________

g) Dean _________________

h) Student _________________

i) Book _________________

j) File _________________

k) Ice Cream _________________

l) Suitcase _________________

3.6 READING
Read the text and answer the questions.

Tony : What's your name?

Tina : My name's Tina. What's your name?

Tony : My name's Tony. How old are you, Tina?

Tina : I'm twenty. How old are you?

Tony : I'm nineteen. Where are you from?

Tina : I'm from Brussels, Belgium. Are you from Canada?

Tony : No, I'm not. I'm German. I live in Berlin, Germany.

Tina : What's his name?

Tony : His name's Hitoshi.

Tina : Hitoshi? How do you spell that?

Tony : It's H-I-T-O-S-H-I, I think.

Tina : Is he Chinese?

Tony : No, he's Japanese.

Tina : How old is he?

Tony : He's sixteen.

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Underline the correct option

1) What’s your name?

___________________________________________________________________

2) How old is she?

___________________________________________________________________

3) Where is she from?

___________________________________________________________________

4) What's his name?

___________________________________________________________________

5) How old is he?

___________________________________________________________________

6) Where is he from?

___________________________________________________________________

3.7 VOCABULARY
1. Architect arquitecto
2. Avenue avenida
3. Birthday cumpleaños
4. Book libro
5. Butcher carnicero
6. Carpenter carpintero
7. Engineer ingeniero
8. Fireman bombero
9. First name nombre sin apellido
10. Food comida
11. Great fabuloso, excelente, estupendo
12. Hometown ciudad natal
13. Husband esposo
14. Last name apellido
15. Learn aprender
16. Listen escuchar
17. Live vivir
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18. Movie película


19. Name nombre completo
20. Place lugar
21. Please por favor
22. Policeman policia
23. Postman cartero
24. Put poner
25. Read leer
26. Room aula, cuarto
27. Spell deletrear
28. Son hijo
29. Street calle, jirón
30. Teacher profesor(a), maestro(a)
31. Think pensar
32. Too también
33. Understand entender
34. Write escribir
35. Where ¿dónde?
36. Which ¿cuál?
37. You’re welcome de nada.

NICE GOING!

ACTIVITY
LISTENING: Listen to the conversation and Circle the correct word to complete these

sentences.

1. Nuria’s lastname is Torren /Torent / Torrent .

2. She’s in class 621 / 629 / 626 .

3. Nuria is 13 / 14 / 15 .

4. The teacher’s name is Hilda / Filda/ Nilda .

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SELF ASSESSMENT
UNIT ONE

DATE: __________________________ GRADE: ________________________

NAME: __________________________

A: GRAMMAR: (5 points)

Complete the sentences with:

My – your – his – her – its – your – our – their.

1. This is _____ sister Emma. (I)

2. That’s _____ Dean Mr. Vela. (they)

3. _____ Doctor lives is Miraflores. (she)

4. _____ teacher is Mrs Rueda. (we)

5. This is _____ name. (it)

6. This is _____ ice cream. (you)

7. They’re ____ friends. (he)

8. _______ Principal is Mr García. (I)

9. _______ partner is Juan Pérez. (she)

10. _______ boss is Harry Potter. (he)

B: VOCABULARY:
Scramble the letters (5 points)

1. ndiefr _____________________________

2. tersis _____________________________

3. ptnarer _____________________________

4. ottru _____________________________

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5. sbso _____________________________

6. pnripalci _____________________________

7. fanimre _____________________________

8. anptmos _____________________________

9. gienerne _____________________________

10. tcehbur _____________________________

C: READING: Read the text and answer the questions below. (5 points)
This is Garcilaso University. Mr. Rodríguez is a teacher. He’s in Room 401. His students
are in English II. He’s from Lima. His brother is the Dean. Janet and Sandra are students.
They’re his students. Janet is 17 years old and Sandra is 18 years old.

1. Who’s Mr. Rodríguez?

___________________________________________________________________

2. Where’s he from?

___________________________________________________________________

3. Who’s the Dean?

___________________________________________________________________

4. Who’s Sandra?

___________________________________________________________________

5. How old is Janet?

___________________________________________________________________

D: LISTENING: Listen to the conversation and answer these questions. (5 points)


1. Are they in the same class?

_______________________________________________________________

2. What is his name?

_______________________________________________________________

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3. What is her name?

_______________________________________________________________

4. Where is she from?

_______________________________________________________________

5. Where is he from?

_______________________________________________________________

Total 20 points.

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ON-LINE EXPLORING
Greetings
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=837
• http://www.eslpages.com/exercises/englishexercisespart1.htm
• http://inenglish.pe/e-learning/aula/socializing-greetings-exercises.htm

Verb to be
• http://www.eclecticenglish.com/grammar/PresentSimpleToBe1B.html
• http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/be3.htm
• http://www.agendaweb.org/verbs/to-be-exercises.html

Demonstrative
• http://www.agendaweb.org/grammar/demonstratives-exercises.html
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=4617

Listening:
• http://www.saberingles.com.ar/listening/
• http://www.learnamericanenglishonline.com/Listening_Lab/Listening_Lab_
Exercise_2_be_present_contractions.html
• http://www.esl-lab.com/intro2/intro2.htm
• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-
• practice/introducing-friend
• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/spe-
lling-names
• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/un-
derstanding-numbers

Possessive Adjectives
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=5216
• http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar/1g39-possessive-adjectives.php
• http://www.grammarbank.com/possessive-adjectives.html

Articles
• http://www.agendaweb.org/grammar/articles-beginners-exercises.html
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1203
• http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/nouns_articles/article_a2.htm

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Spelling
• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/spe-
lling-names
• http://ieltsliz.com/spelling-practice-city-names/
• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/get-
ting-id-card

Numbers
• http://www.esolcourses.com/uk-english/beginners-course/unit-1/personal-
information/giving-information-gap-fill-quiz.html
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=3605

Personal information
• http://www.esolcourses.com/uk-english/beginners-course/unit-1/personal-
information/giving-information-gap-fill-quiz.html
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=3605

Listening
• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/spe-
lling-names
• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/un-
derstanding-numbers

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
• Coe, Norman; Mark Harrison y Ken Paterson (2006) Oxford Practice Grammar. New
York, OUP, pp. 3-5

• Murphy, Raymond (2004) English Grammar in Use. 3° Ed, Cambridge, Cambridge


University Press, pp. 144, 145

• Jones-Macziola, Sarah y Greg White (2003) Further Ahead. Cambridge, Cambridge


University Press, pp.

• http://www.manythings.org/vq/mc-n1.html

• http://www.cambridge.org/grammarandbeyond/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/
Grammar_and_Beyond_1_Unit_4.pdf

• https://en.islcollective.com/resources/printables/worksheets_doc_docx/reading_
comprehension_verb_to_be/verb-patterns-jobs/39576

• http://www.grammarly.com/handbook/grammar/articles/4/indefinite-articles-a-and-an/
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• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=5246

• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/in-
troducing-friend

• http://www.grammarly.com/handbook/grammar/articles/4/indefinite-arti-
cles-a-and-an/

• http://www.manythings.org/vq/mc-n1.html

• http://virtual.funlam.edu.co/repositorio/sites/default/files/repositorioarchi-
vos/2010/10/PersonalInformationPodcastExampleTranscript.590.pdf

• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/li-
brary-giving-personal-information

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U N I T

TWO
JOBS
AND THE WORKPLACE
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
At the end of this Unit the student will be able to:
2.1 Identify professions, occupations and office supplies.
2.2 Give and ask for personal information: name, address, phone number.
2.3 Say the date and tell the time.
2.4 How to make requests and how to give thanks.
2.5 Use the simple present of other verbs.

This Unit will help you to introduce yourself and other people giving and
asking for personal information in the workplace.

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LESSON 4

SAYING THE DATE,


TELLING THE TIME

4.1 ORDINAL NUMBERS


We must learn the ordinal numbers in order to read the date, because in English every
day in the calendar is an ordinal number. It is also used for anniversaries, position, order,
rank, etc.

To form an ordinal number we begin from the cardinal number form and add TH at the
end of the word with some exceptions.
Cardinal Ordinal Abbreviated
One first 1st
Two second 2nd
Three third 3rd
Four fourth 4th
Five fifth 5th
Six sixth 6th
Seven seventh 7th
Eight eighth 8th
Nine ninth 9th
Ten tenth 10th
Eleven eleventh 11th
Twelve twelfth 12th
Thirteen thirteenth 13th
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Fourteen fourteenth 14th


Fifteen fifteenth 15th
Sixteen sixteenth 16th
Seventeen seventeenth 17th
Eighteen eighteenth 18th
Nineteen nineteenth 19th
Twenty twentieth 20th
Twenty one twenty first 21st
Thirty two thirty second 32nd
Fifty six fifty sixth 56th
Ninety four ninety fourth 94th
One hundred one hundredth 100th
One thousand one thousandth 1000th
Ten thousand ten thousandth 10000th
One million one millionth 1000000th

As you can see the first three ordinal numbers are completely different from their
cardinal form.
Numbers 5 and 12 change the V in the ordinal for F.
Number 9 skips letter E of the cardinal form.
Numbers ending in TY change to TIETH when converted in ordinals.
But all of the rest keep their cardinal form and you only have to add the TH at the
end. In the abbreviated form the last two letters are written.
For numbers bigger than twenty only the last word (number) is changed into the
ordinal form.

4.2 SAY THE DATE


For saying the date we have to learn first the days of the week, but remember always
to write them beginning with a capital letter:
1. Monday
2. Tuesday
3. Wednesday WORKDAYS
4. Thursday
5. Friday
6. Saturday
7. Sunday
WEEKEND
Then we have the months of the year, they also begin with a capital letter:
1. January
2. February
3. March
4. April
5. May
6. June
7. July
8. August
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9. September
10. October
11. November
12. December

To read the years in English you have to separate the numbers in two groups.

1862 eighteen sixty two


1956 nineteen fifty six
1734 seventeen thirty four
1567 fifteen sixty seven

But it is different when there are many zeros.

1900 nineteen hundred


1600 sixteen hundred
1200 twelve hundred
2000 two thousand
2005 two thousand five WELL DONE!
2009 two thousand nine

But:

2010 twenty ten


2011 twenty eleven
2016 twenty sixteen

When reading the date in American English it is first said the month, then the day and
the year. Here is an example: the first is the abbreviated form of the date, the second is
the written form of it and the third is the way we say it.

Abbreviated Written Read


03/04/2016 March 4th, 2016 March fourth, twenty sixteen.
10/12/06 October 12th, 2006 October twelfth, two thousand six.
07/01/12 July 1st, 2012 July first, twenty twelve.
01/14/10 January 14th, 2010 January fourteenth, twenty ten.
11/06/02 November 6th, 2002 November sixth, two thousand two.

The date has a different order in British English. They read the date like we do. First
the day, then the month to finish with the year, like this:

04/03/2016 4th March, 2016 The fourth of March, twenty sixteen


12/10/06 12th October, 2006 The twelfth of October, two thousand six.
01/07/12 1st July, 2012 The first of July, twenty twelve
14/01/10 14th January, 2010 The fourteenth of January, twenty ten
06/11/02 6th November, 2002 The sixth of November, two thousand two.

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4.3 TELLING THE TIME

12 o’clock A quarter past 12 A quarter to 12 Half past 12

When you want to know the time, there are two ways to ask the question:

• What time is it, please?


• What’s the time, please?

There are different ways to give an answer:

Example:

5:10 It’s five ten / It’s five and ten minutes or


It’s ten past five / It’s ten minutes to five.

TIME HOUR + MINUTES (less formal) MINUTES + HOUR (formal)


6:00 Six o’clock Six o’clock (no change)
6:05 Six (oh) five Five minutes past six
6:15 Six fifteen Fifteen minutes (a quarter) past six
6:20 Six twenty Twenty minutes past six
6:30 Six thirty Half past six
6:45 Six forty five Fifteen minutes (a quarter) to seven
6:55 Six fifty five Five minutes to seven

O´clock

2
11 1 1
PAST OR AFTER



TO + 1 HOUR

10

A quarter   A quarter
9

3
8


7 5

Half past
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These are other expressions with time:

12:00 pm - midday or noon

12:00 am – midnight

Before After

11:55 12:00 12:05

4.4 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: Tell the time in the two possible ways.


Example: What time is it? 6:05 It’s six oh five / It’s five past six

1. 2:23 ______________________________________

2. 5:49 ______________________________________

3. 8:10 ______________________________________

4. 12:50 ______________________________________

5. 1:33 ______________________________________

6. 4:08 ______________________________________

7. 10:15 ______________________________________

8. 6:30 ______________________________________

9. 7:45 ______________________________________

10. 11:27 ______________________________________

11. 3:00 ______________________________________

12. 9:22 ______________________________________

B: Write the date as it is read.

1. 07/04/1985 _____________________________________________________

2. 12/06/1966 _____________________________________________________

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3. 11/12/1949 _____________________________________________________

4. 06/26/1999 _____________________________________________________

5. 10/09/2000 _____________________________________________________

6. 08/31/2005 _____________________________________________________

7. 09/14/1950 _____________________________________________________

8. 02/22/2008 _____________________________________________________

9. 01/03/2016 _____________________________________________________

10. 05/15/2007 _____________________________________________________

4.5 LISTENING
Pay attention to the dialog and complete with the missing words:

ANDY: Good morning Frank, ____________?

FRANK: __________, Andy. Are you ready?

ANDY: Ready? _______ always ready, ______?

FRANK: Do you know _________________?

ANDY: Yes, it’s _________!

FRANK: No, it’s __________.

ANDY: _________? What date is today?

FRANK: Today is ____________, and it’s Monday.

ANDY: Oh!

FRANK: And you have _______________.

ANDY: No! ________________?

FRANK: It’s ___________ seven.

ANDY: Ohhh! _____________.

FRANK: What happens….?

ANDY: I have to be at ___________ at the office.

FRANK: Hurry up, then!

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4.6 VOCABULARY
1. A quarter un cuarto
2. Abbreviated abreviada
3. Add añadir, sumar, aumentar
4. All todo
5. Also también
6. Always siempre
7. Anniversaries aniversarios
8. Answer respuesta
9. Appointment cita
10. April Abril
11. Ask preguntar
12. August Agosto
13. Because porque (respuesta)
14. Begin empezar
15. Beginning comienzo
16. Bigger than mayores que
17. But pero
18. Calendar calendario
19. Can poder
20. Capital letter mayúscula
21. Change cambiar
22. Converted convertido
23. Date fecha
24. Days días
25. December Diciembre
26. End final
27. Ending terminando, que terminan
28. Everyday todos los días
29. Exceptions excepciones
30. February Febrero
31. First primero
32. Form formar
33. Friday Viernes
34. Give dar
35. Happens pasar
36. Here aquí
37. Hurry up apurarse
38. In order a fin de, para
39. January Enero
40. July Julio
41. June Junio
42. Keep mantener
43. Last último, última(s)
44. Learn aprender
45. Letters letras
46. March Marzo
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47. May Mayo


48. Midday mediodía
49. Midnight medianoche
50. Monday Lunes
51. Months meses
52. Must debe, deber
53. Noon mediodía
54. November Noviembre
55. October Octubre
56. Only solamente
57. Order orden
58. Position puesto
59. Question pregunta
60. Rank rango
61. Read leer
62. Ready listo
63. Remember recorder
64. Rest resto
65. Saturday Sábado
66. Saying decir
67. Second Segundo
68. See ver
69. September Setiembre
70. Skip saltar, pasar
71. Some algún, alguno, alguna(s)
72. Sunday Domingo
73. Telling dar, decir
74. Then entonces
75. Third tercero
76. Thursday Jueves
77. Time tiempo, hora
78. Today hoy
79. Tuesday Martes
80. Used usado
81. Way manera, modo
82. Wednesday Miércoles
83. Week semana
84. Weekend fin de semana
85. Word palabra
86. Workdays días laborales
87. Written escrito(a)
88. Year año

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LESSON 5

THE WORKPLACE

5.1 WH-QUESTIONS
There are two kinds of questions as we have seen in Unit 1. Yes / no questions and
wh-questions that ask for information. These last types of questions are the following:

• What To ask for things, animals, situations or confirmation.

What’s that? That is my new bag.

What are those? Those are baby bunnies.

What’s happening? The teacher is angry for our grades.

What? You have to study more!

• When To ask for date.

When is the concert? It´s next Sunday.

When is the exam? It’s tomorrow.

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• Where To ask for places.

Where is Bangkok? It’s in Thailand.

Where is my book? It’s on your chair.

• Who To ask for people.

Who’s that? That’s Mary.

Who’s here? John is here.

• How ask for manner, condition or indications.

How are you? Fine, thank you.

How is this? You have to read first and then answer.

5.2 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE (OTHER VERBS)


To form the simple present is easy because every person keeps the same form of the
verb except the third person singular which you add: -s, -es, or –ies to the verb.
PRONOUN VERB
FIRST PERSON I Work
SINGULAR

SECOND PERSON You Work


He Works
THIRD PERSON She Works
It Works
We Work
You Work
They Work

When the verb ends in: o, s, sh, ch, x you add –es:
Example: Go goes
Do does
Pass passes
Watch watches
Crash crashes
Mix mixes

When the verb ends in: other letters you add –s:
Example: Work Works
Smell smells
Move moves
Read reads
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When the verb ends with –y you change it for –ies, but if there is a vowel before the
–y it does not change.
Example: Study studies
Carry carries
Try tries
Play plays

We use the auxiliary do or does to make interrogative and negative sentences. Do is


used for all subjects except for the third person singular where we use does.

SENTENCE INTERROGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE


I have... Do I have...? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
You have... Do you have...? Yes, you do. No, you don’t.
He has... Does he have...? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.
She has... Does she have...? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.
It has... Does it have...? Yes, it does. No, it doesn’t.
We have... Do we have...? Yes, we do. No, we don’t.
You have... Do you have...? Yes, you do. No, you don’t.
They have... Do they have...? Yes, they do. No, they don’t.

5.3 PREPOSITIONS OF TIME

•IN
Months
Years
Centuries
Seasons
Example:
1. My job begins in April.
2. The job finishes in 2020.
3. The best years were in the 1980’s.
4. People like to marry in spring.

•ON
Days of the
week
Date
Special Days

Example:
1. My History class is on Tuesday.
2. Peter comes home on March 6th.
3. My parents always go to Punta Sal on Christmas Day.

•AT
Hours
Time

Example:
1. The bus comes at 7:10 a.m.
2. Our meal is ready at 12 o’clock.
3. This bank opens at noon.
4. We are busy at the moment.
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5.4 PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS

Engineer/ínyenier/ Banker/bánker/ Chef/chef/

Cashier/cashíer/ Electrician/electríshan/ Mechanic/mekánic/

Carpenter/kárpinter/ Dentist/déntist/ Librarian/laybrérien/

Waiter/wéyter/ Farmer/fármer/ Waitress/wéytres/

Pilot/páylot/ Judge/yádsh/ Policeman/polísman/

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5.5 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: Use the correct Wh-question in each sentence.
1. This is a computer.

__________ is this?

2. Tim is reading a book.

__________ is reading a book?

3. His telephone number is 613 0579 5711.

__________ is his telephone number?

4. We’re very well.

__________ are you?

5. Sarah studies with a dictionary.

__________ studies with a dictionary?

6. This job is to answer the telephone.

__________ is this job?

7. The meeting is this Wednesday.

__________ is the meeting?

8. Your first day is next Monday.

__________ is my first day?

9. The building is next to the Bank.

__________ is next to the Bank?

10. The owners are coming tomorrow.

__________ are the owners coming?

11. The engineer is on the second floor.

__________ is the engineer?


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12. Mrs. Taylor is at the Sheraton Hotel.

__________is at the Sheraton Hotel?

B: Write the appropriate form of the verb in the simple present.


1. The banker _______ the money on his desk. (put)

2. The electrician ______ to the building in the morning. (go)

3. The children _______ behind the house. (play)

4. Harry ________ the sofa next to the door. (move)

5. The teacher ________ in the morning. (work)

6. Mr. and Mrs. Clark ________ from the United States. (come)

7. Angela _________ with Richard. (dance)

8. Mrs. Romero ________ the clothes on Wednesdays. (wash)

9. Our brother ________ the newspaper every day. (read)

10. The engineers _________ the blueprints. (study)

C: Fill in the gaps with the correct preposition of time: in, on, at.
1. My birthday is _______ June.

2. The exam is ______ Tuesday.

3. Our tenth anniversary is _______ 2018.

4. The meeting is ______ 6:20 pm.

5. Children like to go to the beach ______ summer.

6. Timothy sleeps 12 hours _____ Labor’s Day.

7. I’m ready to leave ______ midday.

8. This course begins _______ November.

9. The teacher comes _______ 2 o´clock.

10. I visit my parents ______ May 5th.

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D: Do you have?... Yes/No short answers.


Example: you/two Deans/no Do you have two Deans? No, I don’t.
She/five books/yes Does she have five books? Yes, she does

1. He/a big car/no


__________________________________________________________________

2. They/a father/yes
__________________________________________________________________

3. You/a fat cat/yes


__________________________________________________________________

4. She/two mothers/no
__________________________________________________________________

5. It/a fish/yes
__________________________________________________________________

6. They/pencils/no
__________________________________________________________________

7. You/two beds/no
__________________________________________________________________

8. He/ten dogs/no
__________________________________________________________________

9. She/seven bikes/no
__________________________________________________________________

10. It/twelve colors/yes


__________________________________________________________________

11. They/three balls/yes


__________________________________________________________________

12. He/a plane/no


__________________________________________________________________

5.6 READING
Andy is at the office. It’s 8 o’clock. He is on time for the appointment. Miss Stevens
is the receptionist and she introduces Andy to Mr. Blue, the Head of Human Resources.
MISS STEVENS: Mr. Blue, this is Andy Sanchez the new accountant.
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MR. BLUE: Nice to meet you Mr. Sanchez.


ANDY: Nice to meet you Mr. Blue.
MR. BLUE: Please, Miss Stevens take Mr. Sanchez to the first office.
MISS STEVENS: Yes Mr. Blue. This way please, Mr. Sanchez.
ANDY: Thank you.
MISS STEVENS: Take a seat please.

5.7 LISTENING
Complete the dialog with the missing words.

Andy sits down and watches _____________. It is a very big office with a long desk, a
___________ and a pair of couches. _____________ there is a desk top, some papers,
__________ and a telephone. After a moment, Mr. Blue __________ and sits down.

MR. BLUE: Well, Mr. Sanchez. _______________________?

ANDY: I’m from __________.

MR. BLUE: Where do you live?

ANDY: I live in Miraflores, ______________ 597.

MR. BLUE: What is _________________?

ANDY: It’s ____________

MR. BLUE: What is your ID number?

ANDY: It’s ____________

MR. BLUE: What is your ___________?

ANDY: Andy ___________________.

MR. BLUE: How do you spell __________?

ANDY: S – _________________.

MR. BLUE: Where is it from?

ANDY: It’s from ___________.

MR. BLUE: Is ____________ Lithuanian?

ANDY: No, he isn’t. It was my grandfather.

MR. BLUE: Oh!

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5.8 VOCABULARY
1. Accountant Contador
2. Banker banquero
3. Behind detrás
4. Blueprints plano
5. Building edificio
6. Bunnies conejitos
7. Carpenter carpintero
8. Cashier cajero
9. Centuries siglos
10. Chef cocinero
11. Christmas Day Día de Navidad
12. Clothes ropa
13. Concert concierto
14. Dentist dentista
15. Desk top computadora de escritorio
16. Easy fácil
17. Electrician electricista
18. Engineer ingeniero
19. Farmer granjero
20. Floor piso
21. Following siguientes
22. Grades notas
23. Head jefe
24. Human resources recursos humanos
25. Introduces presenta, introduce
26. Judge juez
27. Keeps mantiene
28. Kind clase
29. Librarian bibliotecario(a)
30. Lithuania Lituania
31. Lithuanian Lituano
32. Manner modo, manera
33. Meal cena
34. Mechanic mecánico
35. Meeting reunión
36. Month mes
37. More más
38. Newspaper periódico
39. Next to al lado de
40. Next próximo
41. Other otro(a)(s)
42. Owners propietarios
43. Pilot piloto
44. Places lugares
45. Policeman policía
46. Ready lista
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47. Receptionist recepcionista


48. Seasons estaciones (del año)
49. Seen visto
50. Spring primavera
51. Take a seat tome asiento
52. Thailand Tailandia
53. Types tipos
54. Vowel vocal
55. Waiter mozo, camarero
56. Waitress camarera, mecera
57. With con
58. Workplace lugar de trabajo
59. Year año
47. Receptionist recepcionista
48. Seasons estaciones (del año)
49. Seen visto
50. Spring primavera
51. Take a seat tome asiento
52. Thailand Tailandia
53. Types tipos
54. Vowel vocal
55. Waiter mozo, camarero
56. Waitress camarera, mecera
57. With con
58. Workplace lugar de trabajo
59. Year año

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LESSON 6

JOBS

6.1 PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE

on
in at
Prepositions of place are words that indicate the specific position of someone or so-
mething in a place. Some of these are:

1. In
2. On
3. At
4. Under
5. In front of
6. Behind
7. Next to
8. Between
9. In the corner of
10. Over
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Here is a reading to understand how they are used:

The cup and the coffeepot are on the table.


The ball is under the table.

The clock is on the wall.

The light is over the cup.

The coffeepot is between the cup and the clock

The cup is next to the coffeepot.

The ball is on the floor.

6.2 ADJECTIVES
There are words that help us to qualify, describe or classify personality, appearance,
feelings, textures, etc.

Some of these adjectives are the colors:

WHITE YELLOW ORANGE RED PINK


LIGHT BLUE BLUE GREEN BROWN BLACK

Others are descriptive adjectives:

Tall/tól/ short/short/ big/bíg/ little/litel/ ugly/ágli/ pretty/príti/

Happy/jápi/ sad/sád/ thin/⊖ín/ fat/fát/ young/yang/ old/óld/


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Angry/ángri/ hungry/jángri/ thirsty/⊖érsti/

old/óld/ new/niu/ Tired/táyerd/

handsome/jándsam/ beautiful/biútiful/ busy/bísi/

sleepy/slípi/

6.3 POLITE REQUESTS


To request something politely we use the words: can, could, would, and may.

Example:
Can you pass me the salt please? Yes, of course.
Can I make a call please? Certainly.
Could you give me your phone number? Yes, indeed.
Could I call a taxi for you? Sure.
Would you help me please? Of course.

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Would you mind sitting here please? Not at all.


May I leave early today please? Yes, you may.
May I go to the toilette please? Of course.

6.4 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: Choose the correct adjective.


1.The dog is ___________ 2.Mr. Bean is ____________
Happy/sad happy/angry

3.That dog is __________ 4.This cat is ______________


sad/sleepy Thirsty/hungry

5.The first man is __________ but the second man is __________


tall/short tall/short

Well done!
B: Continue the dialog:
Example:
1. Who’s that? 1.Who’s that?
Frank/ handsome Tim/old
Ugly Young
That’s Frank. He isn’t handsome. ________________________
No, he’s ugly _________________________

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2.Who are they? 3.Who’s that?


The Wilsons/tired Andrew/ugly
Hungry handsome

____________________________ _________________________________

____________________________ _________________________________

4.Who are they? 5.Who’s that?


Frank and Rita/sleepy Tina/fat
Happy thin
_____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _________________________________

_____________________________ _____________________________

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https://www.workguru.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Workplace-stress.png

C: Use the appropriate adjective to describe the people in the office.


1. ________________________________________________

2. ________________________________________________

3. ________________________________________________

4. ________________________________________________

D: Answer the following questions from the four desks picture.


1. What does the person at the first desk have in his hand?

___________________________________________________________
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2. What is between the two birds?

___________________________________________________________

3. Where are two people talking?

___________________________________________________________

4. Who is drinking at the job?

___________________________________________________________

5. Where is no computer?

___________________________________________________________

E: Use the picture to make sentences.


Barbershop Theater Restaurant Dentist Office

bike


Motorcycle bus car
Example: a) Where is the waitress? (in front of/restaurant)
She’s in front of the restaurant.

1. Where’s the motorcycle? (behind/bus)

___________________________________________________________________

2. Where’s the bus? (between/ the motorcycle and the car)

___________________________________________________________________

3. Where’s the car? (in front of/bus)

___________________________________________________________________

4. Where’s the dentist office? (next to/restaurant)

___________________________________________________________________
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5. Where’s the theater? (between/barbershop and the restaurant)

___________________________________________________________________

6. Where’s the barbershop? (next to/theater)

___________________________________________________________________

7. Where’s the bike? (in front of/theater)

___________________________________________________________________

8. Where’s the bus? (behind/car)

___________________________________________________________________

9. Where’s Pete? (on/motorcycle)

___________________________________________________________________

10. Where’s Mrs. Pine? (in/car)

___________________________________________________________________

11. Where’s Sandra? (on/bus)

___________________________________________________________________

12. Where are Mr. and Mrs. Rich? (at/theater)

___________________________________________________________________

13. Where are Mary and Tom? (at/dentist office)

___________________________________________________________________

14. Where’s Andy? (at/barbershop)

___________________________________________________________________

6.5 READING
Yuri Grey is an architect. He designs buildings and works with the engineer. Martin
Speck is an engineer. He helps the architect with the structure installations. They need
bricklayers to build their structures.

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Robert Bram is an author. He writes books and short stories on two newspapers. He
works at home with a secretary who types everything he dictates. He also works with an
editor to publish his books.

Sam Stanford is Dean in a British University. He manages the Law Faculty. There are
more than a hundred professors. The students study law to be judges, or lawyers.

Betty Wilson is a doctor. She works at The Central Hospital. She takes care of people’s
health. Sandra Bay is a nurse. She helps Doctor Wilson at the Hospital. Dr. Wilson is a
surgeon. He operates people to help them.

1. What does Yuri Grey do?

___________________________________________________________________

2. Who helps Yuri?

___________________________________________________________________

3. Who is an author?

___________________________________________________________________

4. Where does he work?

___________________________________________________________________

5. Who does he work with?

___________________________________________________________________

6. Who manages the Law Faculty at a British University?

___________________________________________________________________

7. How many professors are there?

___________________________________________________________________

8. Why do the students study law?

___________________________________________________________________

9. Who is the surgeon at The Central Hospital?

___________________________________________________________________

10. Who is Mr. Wilson’s wife?

___________________________________________________________________

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6.6 VOCABULARY
1. Angry enojado
2. Appearance apariencia
3. At en
4. Author autor
5. Beautiful hermosa
6. Behind detrás
7. Between entre (dos)
8. Big grande
9. Black negro
10. Blue azul
11. Bricklayers albañiles
12. Brown marrón
13. Busy ocupado
14. Can poder
15. Certainly ciertamente
16. Coffeepot cafetería
17. Could podría
18. Dean decano
19. Design diseñar
20. Fat gordo
21. Feelings sentimientos
22. Green verde
23. Handsome guapo
24. Happy feliz, contento
25. Hungry hambriento, hambre
26. In front of delante de
27. In the corner of en la esquina de
28. In en, dentro
29. Indeed ciertamente, de hecho
30. Job trabajo
31. Law Faculty Facultad de Derecho
32. Lawyer abogado
33. Light blue celeste
34. Little pequeño
35. Manages dirige, dirigir
36. May puede(o)
37. New nuevo
38. Next to al lado de
39. Not at all en absoluto
40. Nurse enfermera
41. Of course por supuesto
42. Old viejo, mayor
43. On en, sobre
44. Operate operar, intervenir
45. Orange anaranjado
46. Over encima, sobre
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47. Pink rosado


48. Pretty bonito(a)
49. Qualify calificar
50. Red rojo
51. Request solicitar, solicitud
52. Sad triste
53. Short bajo
54. Sleepy somnoliento, adormilado
55. Someone alguien
56. Something algo
57. Sure seguro
58. Surgeon cirujano
59. Tall alto
60. Textures texturas
61. Thin delgado
62. Thirsty sediento
63. Tired cansado
64. Type tipear
65. Ugly feo(a)
66. Under debajo, bajo de
67. Understand entender
68. Wall pared
69. White blanco
70. Would you mind le importaría
71. Would podría
72. Yellow amarillo
73. Young joven

ACTIVITIES
Listen to the following audio in:

http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/library-gi-
ving-personal-information

Then make the exercises it recommends.

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SELF ASSESSMENT
UNIT TWO

DATE: __________________________ GRADE:

NAME: __________________________

A: READING AND WRITING (5 points)


This is Harry, a young man. He’s 23 years old. He’s tall and thin. He’s an architect.
He lives in Miraflores. His house is big and new. His car isn’t big. It’s small and white.
Harry is married.

His wife, Rita, is very young. She’s 19 years old. She’s short and thin. She’s very
pretty. She’s an English teacher. She works at a Nursery School and teaches 3-year-old
children.

Harry works in an office of an architectural firm. He meets with the clients and goes to
the job location to check the project. He has to be sure that the job fulfills the objectives
and reviews the progress, and checks on any potential obstacle in construction.

1. What does Harry do?


_______________________________________________________________

2. How is his house?


_______________________________________________________________

3. Who is his wife?


_______________________________________________________________

4. What does she do?


_______________________________________________________________

5. Where does Harry work?


_______________________________________________________________

B: GRAMMAR (10 points)


Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in simple present.

1) Karina _______ the shovel under the stairs. (put)

2) John and Paul _______ the papers into the drawer. (carry)

3) Walter and Silvia ________ the sandwiches. (pass)

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4) My uncle ________ his car every week. (crash)

5) The children ________ the television every night. (watch

Indicate the corresponding Wh-question in each sentence.

1) _________ is the dog? It’s in the doghouse.

2) _________ are you going to the dentist? I’m going tomorrow.

3) _________ is she doing? She’s working as a secretary.

4) _________ is your father coming? He’s coming at 7 o’clock.

5) _________ old are you? I’m older than you.

Tell the time.

Example: What time is it? (1:20) It’s one twenty / It’s twenty past one.

1. What time is it? (5:55) ___________________________________

2. What time is it? (10:30) ___________________________________

3. What time is it? (9:10) ___________________________________

4. What time is it? (4:05) ___________________________________

5. What time is it? (2:40) ___________________________________

Write the appropriate preposition of place and adjective.

5 3

Fuente: Microsoft Office – Imágenes prediseñadas


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1. There is a ________ chest ______ a yellow chest.

2. The green night table is ___________ the _______ table.

3. The chair is ___________ the _________ table and the ___________ table

4. The ___________ table is _____________ the tall ______ chest.

5. The ________ table is __________ the _________ lamp.

C: LISTENING (5 points)
Pay attention to the reading and complete with the missing words.

John is a __________. He’s in ______________. He’s ________ Huancayo. ____


lives ___ Calle Real 1556. ______;;_________ Pedro lives ____ Huancayo, _____. He’s
in _______________. His class is ____________________. His _____________ Mr.
Brown. John _________ Room ______. _____________ is Miss Silva. His class begins
_________________.

Total: 20 points.

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ON-LINE EXPLORING
Ordinal numbers:
• http://www.curso-ingles.com/aprender/cursos/nivel-basico/numbers-dates-ti-
me/ordinal-numbers (con audio 07/03/2016)
• https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/vocabulary/numbers/ordinal
• https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/numbers-ordinal.htm

Saying the date:


• http://www.learnenglish.de/basics/dates.html (07/03/2016)
• http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/words/date.htm
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OoWyT4DO8EY

Telling the time:


• https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/time-telling-time.htm (07/03/2016)
• http://www.vocabulary.cl/Basic/Telling_Time.htm
• https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/vocabulary/time
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ub62GCUMZZo

Wh questions:
• http://www.learnenglish-online.com/grammar/whquestions.html (08/03/2016)
• http://www.sherton.com.ar/curso-ingles/preguntas/whquestions.htm
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CH_RfP46xUw
• http://curso-gratis-ingles.euroresidentes.com/2014/06/wh-questions.html

Prepositions of time:
• https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/prepositions-at-in-on-time.htm
(08/03/2016)
• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar-vi-
deos/prepositions-time
• http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/prepositions-of-time.html

Professions and occupations:


• http://www.saberingles.com.ar/lists/professions.html (08/03/2016)
• http://www.vocabulary.cl/Basic/Professions.htm
• http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/jobs-and-professions.
php (con audio)

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Prepositions of place:
• http://www.grammar.cl/rules/prepositions-of-place.htm (08/03/2016)
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cpHTgi5ZKjY
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hk0A-L9aB94

Adjectives:
• http://www.gingersoftware.com/content/grammar-rules/adjectives/lists-of-ad-
jectives/ (08/03/2016)
• http://www.momswhothink.com/reading/list-of-adjectives.html
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sEDy0wGaXJY

Polite requests:
• http://www.ecenglish.com/learnenglish/lessons/polite-requests (09/03/2016
• http://esl.about.com/od/smalltalk/a/Asking-For-Things.htm
• http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/lear-
nitv239.shtml

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
• Coe, Norman, Mark Harrison, Ken Paterson (2010) Oxford Practice Grammar. Ba-
sic. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

• Murphy, Raymond (2007) English Grammar in Use. 3a Ed. Cambridge, Cambridge


University Press.

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U N I T

TREE

THE CITY AND THE MEDIA

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
At the end of this lesson the student will be able to:
3.1 Use the plural of nouns properly.
3.2 Read and understand the principal information
3.3 Identify countable and uncountable nouns
3.4 Use the quantifiers for countable and uncountable nouns
3.5 Describe existence using there is/ there are
3.6 Listen and understand the principal information

The purpose of Unit Three is to describe things, media and places, using
there is there are with countable and uncountable noun with the proper
quantifiers.

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LESSON 7

DESCRIBING THINGS
7.1 PLURAL OF NOUNS
Plural nouns are used to indicate that there is more than one person, animal, place,
thing, or idea.

A. In general the plural of a noun is formed by adding -S to the noun.

SINGULAR PLURAL
car cars
house houses
book books
bird birds
pencil pencils

B. When the noun ends in SS, SH, CH or X, we add -ES to the noun.

SINGULAR PLURAL
fox foxes
kiss kisses
wish wishes
box boxes

I have a box in my bedroom.


I have three boxes in my bedroom.
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C. When the noun ends in a VOWEL + Y, we add -S to the noun.


SINGULAR PLURAL
key keys
boy boys
holiday holidays
guy guys

D. When the noun ends in a CONSONANT + Y, we remove Y and add -IES to


the noun.
SINGULAR PLURAL
party parties
city cities
lady ladies
story stories

E. If the noun ends in F or FE, we remove the F/FE and add -VES to the noun.
SINGULAR PLURAL
thief thieves
life lives
leaf leaves
wife wives

F. If the noun ends in IS, we change it to ES.


SINGULAR PLURAL
basis bases
analysis analyses
crisis crises

G. There are a number of nouns that don't follow these rules. They are irregular
and you need to learn them individually because they don't normally have an S
on the end.
SINGULAR PLURAL
child children
man men
woman women
foot feet
tooth teeth

There is a child in the park.


There are many children in the park.

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H. There are some nouns in English that are the same in the singular and
the plural.
SINGULAR PLURAL
fish fish
aircraft aircraft
sheep sheep
deer deer

I can see a sheep in the field.


I can see ten sheep in the field.

Nice work!

7.2 MASS NOUNS (uncountable nouns)

Here we have a list of nouns that we can’t count.


wood water English
cloth cake luggage
ice sugar equipment
plastic rice furniture
wool meat experience
steel cheese applause
metal flour photography
glass reading traffic
leather soccer harm
hair weather publicity
dust sunshine homework
air electricity advice
oxygen mathematics

A list of quantifiers to use with mass nouns and with countable nouns
COUNTABLE UNCOUNTABLE
NOUNS NOUNS
MUCH X 
MANY  X
A FEW  X
A LITTLE X 
SOME  
ANY  
A/ANY  X

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7.3 THERE IS / THERE ARE


These are expressions used to say that something or somethings exists. They can be
used for things, people or animals.

Examples: There is a ladder behind the door.


There isn’t a bucket next to the ladder.
There are some bricks in the box.
Are there birds singing outside?

7.4 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: WHICH WORDS AND PHRASES IN THE BOX ARE COUNTABLE (C) AND WHICH ARE
UNCOUNTABLE (U)?
1 electricity ……. 7 rice ……. 13 container …….

2 furniture ……. 8 opinion ……. 14 sugar …….

3 time ……. 9 honey ……. 15 hour …….

4 oil ……. 10 information ……. 16 wine …….

5 banana ……. 11 dollar ……. 17 advice …….

6 milk ……. 12 machinery ……. 18 cigarette …….

B: CONTAINERS ALLOW US TO QUANTIFY UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS, FOR EXAMPLE: A PAC-


KET OF SUGAR. LOOK AT THIS LIST OF CONTAINERS AND MATCH EACH ONE TO A PIC-
TURE A-H.
1 a box ……. 4 a bottle ……. 7 a packet …….

2 a carton ……. 5 a crate ……. 8 a jar …….

3 a barrel ……. 6 a container load …….

a b c d

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e f g h

C: CHOOSE THE CORRECT QUANTIFIER TO COMPLETE THE SENTENCES: HOW MUCH


/ HOW MANY

1. _______________________ pens are in a dozen?

2. _______________________ milk do you want?

3. _______________________ time is there for an exam?

4. _______________________ fruit do you eat every day?

5. _______________________ containers are there?

6. _______________________ information do you need?

7. _______________________ cities are there in Canada?

8. _______________________ glasses of water do you drink?

D: CHOOSE A WORD TO FILL EACH SPACE.


a few a little much some many a lot of any

1. Jerry works ________hours every day.

2. Secretaries don’t write ___________letters nowadays, they use e-mails instead.

3. There are ____________students who want to work in our school.

4. Robert gave me _______________coins to buy a sweater, it is not enough!

5. I want to save _____________money to buy a present for my mother.

6. How ________ time do you need to finish the work?

7. Listen carefully. I’m going to give you ________ advice.

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E: UNDERLINE THE CORRECT WORD.

1. All the information / informations that is here is very important

2. We need much moneys / money to buy the new house.

3. The research / researches about the markets in China and Japan is ready.

4. We need to buy merchandises / merchandise today.

5. Our advice / advices about your problems is to stop smoking.

6. The machineries / machinery is all new.

F: USE THERE IS / THERE ARE IN THE APPROPRIATE FORM.


1. __________________many animals in this forest?
2. __________________no air in this tyre.
3. __________________any trees in your garden?
4. __________________one dictionary missing.
5. __________________no paper in the printer
6. __________________jeans in my suitcase.
7. __________________beef in this lasagne?
8. __________________lots of businessmen in this pub.
9. __________________not a single frog in this lake.
10. __________________anything else I can do for you.

G: COUNTABLE OR UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS:


Example:
matches/kitchen or wine/vineyard
Are there any matches? Is there any wine in the vineyard?
Yes, there are a lot of Yes, there is some wine in the vineyard
matches in the kitchen

1. Information / computer

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

2. Containers / storage area

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

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3. Sugar / sugarpot

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

4. Water / bottle

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

5. Furniture / livingroom

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

6. Coffee / coffeepot

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

7.5 READING
Read and Listen to the dialog and answer the questions
Christy: Hello
Mother: Hello, Christy.
Christy: Oh, hi, Mom.
Mother: How are you?
Christy: I’m fine. Thanks.
Mother: How’s your new apartment? Do you like it?
Christy: Yes, I do, it is nice.
Mother: Well, tell me about it. Is it big?
Christy: Yes, it is.
Mother: And what about furniture? Is there any furniture?
Christy: Yes, I have a desk and a bed in my room.
Mother: Would you like a table? I have an extra table at home.
Christy: No, thanks, Mom. Nelly has a table for the dining room.
Mother: Who’s Nelly?
Christy: She’s my roommate. She is Italian.
Mother: Good. I have some old chairs. Do you want them?
Christy: No, that’s fine. We have chairs.
Mother: Really?

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Christy: Yes.
Mother: Can I go to see your apartment?
Christy: We don’t have any sofas.
Mother: What?

Write true or false

1. Christy likes her apartment _____

2. Nelly is from Italy _____

3. There isn’t any furniture _____

4. There aren’t any chairs _____

5. Christy doesn’t have any sofas _____

6. Nelly is Christy’s sister _____

7.6 VOCABULARY
1. Accounts cuentas
2. Advice consejo
3. A lot mucho
4. Bread pan
5. Bird pájaro
6. Barrel barril
7. Breakfast desayuno
8. Bottle botella
9. Cake torta, keke
10. Carton caja de cartón
11. Containers contenedor
12. Cheese queso
13. Child niño
14. City ciudad
15. Cloth tela
16. Coffee café
17. Crate caja
18. Desk carpeta, escritorio
19. Dinner cena
20. Dust polvo
21. Fish pescado
22. Foot pie
23. Furniture mueble
24. Glass vidrio
25. Have tener
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26. Honey miel


27. Hour hora
28. Ice hielo
29. Information información
30. Jar frasco
31. Lady dama
32. Machinery maquinaria
33. Meat carne
34. Milk leche
35. Money dinero
36. Oil aceite
37. Opinion opinión
38. Rice arroz
39. Roomate compañero de cuarto
40. Steel acero
41. Sugar azúcar
42. Suggestion sugerencia
43. Tea tea
44. Teapot tetera
45. Time tiempo
46. Wine vino
47. Tooth diente
48. Wood madera
49. Wool lana

Well done!

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LESSON 8

THE CITY

8.1 ADJECTIVES POSITION


An adjective describes a noun or the thing or person. An adjective always go before
that noun.
Example: The green apple is not on the table.
My old car is in the garage.
Your new dress is in the closet.

When we describe a noun with more than one adjective, they are separated by commas.
Example: That big, round pie is delicious.
The little, old computer isn’t mine.
The short, slim girl is my friend.

The colors are not separated by commas, except when there are more than two.

Example: I like the red and black shoes.


That white and black blouse is here.

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VERBS NOUNS ADJECTIVES


1 admire admiration admirable
2 amazed amazement amazing
3 attract attraction attractive
4 challenge challenge challenging
5 comfort comfort comfortable
6 craze craze crazy
7 create creation creative
8 demand demand demanding
9 differ difference different
10 embarrass embarrassment embarrassing
11 empty emptiness empty
12 encourage courage courageous
13 endanger danger dangerous
14 enthuse enthusiasm enthusiastic

There is an order of adjectives.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Material
Opinion Size Shape Age Colour Nationality
+ Noun

8.2 POSSESSIVE NOUNS


You always add ‘s to singular nouns

Example: Cat cat’s


Mouse mouse’s
Dog dog’s
Cow cow’s
1. This is the house of Tom. This is Tom’s house.
2. That is the car of Susan. That’s Susan’s car.
3. That is the dog of Charles. That’s Charles’s dog
4. These books are of Ester. These are Ester’s books

But with plural nouns the rule say that you only put the apostrophe without s. Except
if the plural is an irregular one not ending in s, in that case you add ‘s.
Example:
Cats cats’
Sheep sheep’s
Boys boys’
Students students’

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1. The hats of the boys. The boys’ hats.


2. The grades of the students. The students’ grades.
3. The decisions of the judges. The judges’ decisions.
4. The tails of the sheep. The sheep’s tails
5. The coats of the men. The men’s coats.

8.3 THE CITY


There are many interesting places in a city. If you want to visit them you take a city
tour. Almost every city has touristic places and they make arrangements for tourists. But
there are also other buildings that are necessary in a city. Here we have some examples
of these places.

• Museum
• Famous monuments
• Historical places
• Hospital
• School
• University
• Airport
• Bank
• Bus station
• Café
• Restaurant
• Department store
• Craft market
• Hotel
• Police station
• Park
• Zoo

8.4 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: MATCH THE WORDS ON THE LEFT WITH THEIR OPPOSITES ON THE RIGHT.
1- Boring ___ a. beautiful
2- Light ___ b. big
3- Little ___ c. black
4- Loud ___ d. happy
5- New ___ e. heavy
6- Poor _1_ f. interesting
7- sad ___ g. old
8- short ___ h. quiet
9- ugly ___ i. rich
10- white ___ j. tall
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B: PUT THE ADJECTIVES IN ORDER AND LISTEN TO CHECK YOUR SENTENCES.


1. A / Italian/sport/fantastic/ car 3. A /red/small/alarm clock

2. A/French/nice/old /teacher 4. An/old/rocking/wooden/chair

5. A/cotton/petty/red/dress

1. _____________________________________
2. _____________________________________
3. _____________________________________
4. _____________________________________
5. _____________________________________

C: WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT CORRECT?


1) Dr. Gonsales has a new laptop.
2) Dr. Gonsales’s new laptop is working well.
3) Dr. Gonsales’ laptop is new.

D: ANSWER THE QUESTIONS


A friend is helping you after a party. He is asking you who various things belong to.
Example: Whose is this red sweater? (Jenny) - It’s Jenny’s.

1. Whose is this coat? (Jill) __________________________


2. Whose are these CDs? (Tom and Maggy) _________________________
3. Whose is this bottle of Whisky? (my parents) ________________________
4. Whose is this book? (Nuria) _________________________

E: USE THE POSSESSIVE NOUN


Example: dog/Peter That’s Peter’s dog.
Colors/Tom Those are Tom’s colors.

1. Dress/Susan ____________________________________________

2. Shirt/Andy ____________________________________________

3. Skirt/Betty ____________________________________________

4. Bed/Cornelio ____________________________________________

5. Hats/Mr. Anderson ____________________________________________

6. Umbrella/Mrs. Gray ____________________________________________

7. Handbag/Miss Tina ____________________________________________


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8. Cars/Jack Nickolson ____________________________________________

9. Cup/your father ____________________________________________

10. Book/his sister ____________________________________________

11. Grapes/my brother ____________________________________________

12. Pears/mother ____________________________________________

13. Stapler/the secretary ____________________________________________

14. Tools/the mechanic ____________________________________________

15. Glasses/grandmother ____________________________________________

16. Coins/Sally ____________________________________________

8.5 READING
Circle all of the possessive nouns in the narrative below.
Today is the day. I’m very happy. My father will buy a new cell phone for me. Richard’s
cell phone is great! It takes excellent pictures. Martha’s cell phone is wonderful! It has
great sound. My dad’s smartphone has a long last battery. The teacher’s is the best! It
has a wireless charger and it recognizes his voice! But my friend’s cell phone is cheaper.

8.6 VOCABULARY
1. Admire admirar
2. Amazed asombrar
3. Attract atraer
4. Bank banco
5. Beautiful belleza
6. Before antes
7. Black negro
8. Big grande
9. Boring aburrido
10. Bus station paradero de bus
11. Cat gato
12. Challenge reto- desafio
13. Cheap barato
14. Coat abrigo
15. Coin moneda
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16. Cotton algodón


17. Craft market mercado de artesános
18. Create crear
19. Demand exigir
20. Describe describir
21. Differ diferenciar
22. Dress vestido
23. Empty vaciar, vacio
24. Encourage animar
25. Endanger arriesgar
26. Enthusiastic estusiasta
27. Friendly amigable
28. Girl niña
29. Garage garaje
30. Grade nota
31. Green verde
32. Go ir
33. Happy feliz
34. Heavy pesado
35. Interesting interesante
36. Light aligerar, ligero, claro
37. Little poco
38. Loud ruído, ruidoso
39. New nuevo
40. Old viejo
41. Poor pobre
42. Quiet calmado, callado
43. Rich rico
44. Sad triste
45. School colegio
46. Short pequeño
47. Tall alto
48. Thing cosa
49. Ugly feo
50. Young joven

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LESSON 9

THE MEDIA

9.1 COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES


The comparative form of adjectives is used to compare two or more similar things.
There are some rules to follow.

It is formed by adding –er at the end of the adjective:


Example: High higher
Low lower

If the adjective ends on a stressed vowel +consonant the last consonant is doubled.
Example: big bigger
Hot hotter

Adjectives ending in –e you only add –r.


Example: nice nicer
Safe safer

Adjectives ending in –y you change it for –ier. But if the adjective has a vowel before
the –y you only add –er.
Example: Heavy heavier
happy happier

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Adjectives with two or more syllables do not add –er, you write more before the
adjective.
Example: Beautiful more beautiful
more interesting
Interesting

Some two syllable adjectives can be used in two forms:


Example: Friendly friendlier more friendly
Gentle gentler more gentle

The last group do not follow a rule and are called irregular.
Example: good/well better
Bad worse
Far farther/further

When you make a sentence comparing two things you must use the comparative
adjective +than.
Example: Love is better than hate.
The cat is faster than the dog.

9.2 SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES


They are formed adding –est at the end of the adjective.
Example: Tall tallest
Low lowest

If the adjective ends on a stressed vowel +consonant the last consonant is doubled
Example: big biggest
Thin thinnest

Adjectives ending in –e you only add –est.


Example: nice nicest
Safe safest

Adjectives ending in –y you change it for –iest. But if the adjective has a vowel be-
fore the –y you only add –est.
Example: happy happiest
Heavy heaviest

Adjectives with two or more syllables do not add –est, you write the most before
the adjective.
Example: Beautiful the most beautiful
Interesting the most interesting

Some two syllable adjectives can be used in two forms:


Example: Friendly friendliest the most friendly
Gentle gentlest the most gentle

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The last group are those irregular adjectives.


Example: good/well the best
Bad the worst
Far the farthest/furthest

The superlative expresses the most of quality among two or more things in a group.
Example: Love is the best feeling on earth.
Girls are the most beautiful creatures in the world

9.3 THE MEDIA


When you hear the word “media” immediately it is related to the communication
means. Long time ago, people knew about things from one another just by speaking.
Then, the newspaper was the means of news: local or not. Later, the radio added a voi-
ce to the news. Now we have different means of communication: telephone, television,
cellphone, internet, etc.

From each of them there is a wide variety. For example in newspapers we have:
daily newspapers, weekly newspapers, tabloids, broadsheets, popular newspaper, qua-
lity newspaper, supplement, magazine, comic.

There are also the means of transport. You can travel by land, air or sea. The options
for traveling by land are many: by rail, bus, coach, car, truck, motorbike, bike, etc. For
traveling by air we have: aircraft, airplane, jet, helicopter, etc. When you travel by sea
you can do it by ship, boat, yatch, sailboat, transatlantic, cruise, etc.

9.4 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: GIVE THE COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE OF THE FOLLOWING ADJECTIVES.
ADJECTIVES COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
Large ____________________ ____________________
Slow ____________________ ____________________
Tall ____________________ ____________________
Thin ____________________ ____________________
Late ____________________ ____________________
Dry ____________________ ____________________
Intelligent ____________________ ____________________
Quiet ____________________ ____________________
Well ____________________ ____________________
Bad ____________________ ____________________

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B: COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE COMPARATIVE FORM OF ADJECTIVES.


1. The wire is ____________ the wrench. (near)

2. The toolbox is ____________ the workbench. (far)

3. The saw is _____________ the wood plane. (big)

4. These nails are _____________ those screws. (small)

5. My coffee is _____________ your tea. (hot)

6. Today is ______________ yesterday. (cold)

7. This lesson is ____________ the next lesson. (long)

8. My dog is _______________ my parrot. (intelligent)

9. A building is ______________ a house. (large)

10. A mallet is _______________ a hammer. (heavy)

C: COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE SUPERLATIVE FORM OF ADJECTIVES.


1. Charlie is ______________ person in the world. (funny)

2. Sean is ______________ person in the office. (bad)

3. Alice is ____________________ person at home. (peaceful)

4. Mrs. Althea is ________________ teacher at school. (good)

5. Frederic is _______________ man on earth. (happy)

6. National Geographic is __________________ magazine here. (interesting)

7. Loki is ________________ dog in the city. (friendly)

8. Tiago is ______________ baby in the family. (quiet)

9. This is ______________ sandpaper I have. (soft)

10. Susan is ______________ cousin I have. (tall)

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D: COMPLETE THE TEXT. PUT THE ADJECTIVES IN BRACKETS IN THE COMPARATIVE FORM.
Many people think that Toronto is the capital of Canada. Actually Ottawa is the capital.
Ottawa is 1)________________ (small) than Toronto. It’s also 2)_________________
(cold) in winter. Lots of people say that Toronto is 3)__________________________
(interesting), because it’s 4) ____________ (big) and 5) _______________________
(cosmopolitan). I think that Ottawa has more historical buildings than Toronto. Cana-
dians also say that people from other cities are 6)_____________________ (friendly)
than Torontonians. Traffic in Toronto is 7)________________ (bad) than traffic in
Ottawa. There are too many cars. Toronto and Ottawa are both safe cities. They are
8)_____________ (safe) than many other North American cities.

9.5 READING
LISTEN AND WRITE TRUE OR FALSE

1. Charlie receives a phone call. ____

2. They are meeting at the cafeteria. ____

3. Terry is younger than Charlie. ____

4. Charlie is taller than Terry. ____

5. Charlie is more handsome than Terry. ____

9.6 VOCABULARY
1. Ambitious ambicioso
2. Angry molesto
3. Bad malo
4. Beautiful bella
5. Brave valiente
6. Both ambos
7. Classmate compañero de clases
8. Cold frío
9. Comfortable cómodo
10. Cosmopolitan cosmopolita
11. Different diferente
12. Dirty sucio
13. Downtown centro
14. Dry seco
15. Drop caer, descender
16. Early temprano
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17. Far lejos


18. Few poco
19. First primero
20. Friendly amigable
21. Funny divertido
22. Hair cabello
23. Hammer martillo
24. High alto
25. Historical histórico
26. Hot caliente
27. Immense inmenso
28. Important importante
29. Large grande
30. Late tarde
31. Low bajo
32. Mallet mazo
33. Nail uña
34. Next próximo
35. Nice amable, agradable
36. Quick rápido
37. public público
38. Sandpaper papel de lija
39. Safe seguro
40. Sea mar
41. Small pequeño
42. Travel viajar
43. Useful útil
44. Wide amplio

ACTIVITY:
Listening

Watch the video and answer the questions.

http://www.eslvideo.com/esl_video_quiz_low_intermediate.php?id=4537

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SELF ASSESSMENT
UNIT THREE

DATE: __________________ GRADE:

NAME: __________________________

A: GRAMMAR: (5 points)
Write the comparative and superlative form of the adjectives
ADJECTIVES COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
Big
Small
good
Creative
Expensive
hot
interesting
Cheap
easy
bad

B: COMPARATIVE OR SUPERLATIVE? (10 points)


Put the adjectives between brackets in the correct form
1. My brother’s room is (tidy) _____________________room than me.

2. Australia is (big) _____________________ than England.

3. I’m (good) _____________________ now than yesterday.

4. She’s got (little) ___________________ money than you, but she doesn’t care.

5. He thinks Chinese is (difficult) _____________________ language in the world

6. Valencia played (bad) _____________________ than Real Madrid yesterday.

7. Cats are not (intelligent) _____________________ as dogs.

8. Show me (good) _____________________ restaurant downtown.

9. (hot) _____________________ desert of all is the Sahara and it’s in Africa.

10. Who is (talkative) _____________________ person in your family?

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C: WRITING: Read the sentences and Write a name of a person. (5 points)


1. The oldest person in my family _____________________

2. The youngest person in my family _____________________

3. The friendliest person in my family _____________________

4. The funniest person in my family _____________________

5. The nicest person in my family _____________________

LISTENING: Listen and complete the text. (5 points)


Shirley1) __________in Cali Colombia and she likes to 2) ________ salsa. Salsa dan-
cing may seem 3) ______________, especially when it’s performed by master pairs and
dance groups that have spent years 4) ______________ their movement, coordination,
and 5) _____________. There are a 6) ____________ of dance academies and schools
in Cali. Shirley and her sister Soledad 7) ___________ salsa in the academy. Soledad
is 8) ___________ than Shirley but Shirley dances salsa 9) ____________ than her
sister. Actually she is the 10) ___________ dancer in the Salsa Academy.

(20 points)

It's wonderful!!!

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ON-LINE EXPLORING
Quantifiers
• http://www.grammar.cl/Games/Much_Many_Lot_Few.htm
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=2134
• http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar/2g41-quantifiers-gap-fill.php
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tYsZ1cZzwwg

Countable and uncountable nouns


• http://www.englishpage.com/minitutorials/countable-uncountable-nouns-exercise.htm
• http://www.agendaweb.org/grammar/countable_uncountable-exercises.html
• http://www.agendaweb.org/grammar/count-non-count-nouns.html
• http://www.ecenglish.com/learnenglish/lessons/learn-countable-and- uncounta-
ble-nouns

There is /There are


• http://www.agendaweb.org/grammar/there_is_are-exercises.html
• http://www.agendaweb.org/grammar/there-is-there-are/index.html

LISTENING
• http://www.esl-lab.com/
• http://www.eslvideo.com/esl_video_quiz_low_intermediate.php?id=4537

Adjective orders
• http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/adjord.htm
• http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/esl_adjectiveorder4.html

Possessive nouns
• http://www.k12reader.com/nouns/possessive-nouns.pdf
• http://www.mcwdn.org/grammar/nounpossessquiz/nounpossessquiz.html
• http://www.english-zone.com/spelling/poss2.html
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mMslsxTII6o
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lqLZcZVdDY8

LISTENING
• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice

Comparative/superlative
• http://blocs.xtec.cat/listen/category/superlative/
• http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-exercise-grammar-
comparatives-superlatives.php
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• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=6877
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=6877

LISTENING COMPARTIVE SUPERLATIVE


• https://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar-vi-
deos/comparative-and-superlative-adjectives
• http://www.esl-lab.com/
• http://www.eslvideo.com/esl_video_quiz_low_intermediate.php?id=4537

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
• Grant, David y Robert McLarty (2000) Business Basics. New York, OUP, pp. 24-35.
• Jones-Macziola, Sarah y Greg White (2003) Further Ahead. Cambridge, Cambrid-
ge University Press, pp. 23-37.
• McKellen, J. S. (1990) Test your Business English – General Usage. London, Pen-
guin Books, pp. 14,15 42,43, 49, 47, 61, 62-.
• Bolton David and Goodey Noel (2003) English grammar in steps pag 220
• Straightforward pag 37 - 104
• http://www.grammar.cl/Notes/Plural_Nouns.htm
• http://english-the-easy-way.com/Determiners/Quantifiers_English_Grammar.
htm
• http://www.agendaweb.org/grammar/quantifiers-quantity-exercises.html
• http://www.ecenglish.com/learnenglish/lessons/learn-countable-and-uncounta-
ble-nouns
• http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/various/there_is_there_are5.htm
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tYsZ1cZzwwg
• http://www.gingersoftware.com/content/grammar-rules/nouns/
• http://www.worldclasslearning.com/english/list-of-verbs-nouns-adjectives-ad-
verbs.html
• http://a4esl.org/q/h/ck/m-adj.html
• http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/possessives/possessi-
ves-nouns
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=6877
• http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/adjectives/order-ad-
jectives
• http://perso.wanadoo.es/autoenglish/gr.adwo.p.htm
• http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/possessives/possessi-
ves-nouns
• http://grammar.yourdictionary.com/parts-of-speech/nouns/possessive-noun-
quiz.html
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=4953
• http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar/1g9-comparative-superlative-gap-
fill.php
• http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=6009
• http://www.eslvideo.com/esl_video_quiz_low_intermediate.php?id=4537

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U N I T

FOUR

LOOKING FOR A JOB

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
At the end of this Unit the student will be able to:
4.1 Read newspapers add for jobs.
4.2 Prepare a resume and a cover letter.
4.3 Answer job interviews.
4.4 Describe his/her capabilities and interests.

This Unit will help you to look for a job, prepare a resume and a cover
letter as well as to be able to speak in a job interview.

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LESSON 10

READING A NEWSPAPER AD

10.1 PRESENT CONTINUOUS


The present continuous is formed by the verb to be and adding the suffix –ing to the
main verb to form the gerund. This combination indicates that the action is in progress
in that very moment.
Example: Susan is reading a novel.
The teacher is taking an exam.
The dogs are chasing your cat.
My mother is preparing lunch.

The interrogative is made by changing the order of the subject and the verb to be:
Example: Is Susan reading a novel?
Is the teacher taking an exam?
Are the dogs chasing your cat?
Is my mother preparing lunch?

The negative form is added to the verb to be:


Example: Susan isn’t reading a novel.
The teacher isn’t taking an exam.
The dogs aren’t chasing your cat.
My mother isn’t preparing lunch.

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Here is a list to see how the –ing is added to the different types of verbs:

BASE FORM GERUND


Be being
Bring bringing
Build building
Buy buying
Come coming
Cost costing
Do doing
Drink drinking
Eat eating
Find finding
Get getting
Give giving
Go going
Have having
Learn learning
Make making
Meet meeting
Run running
Say saying
Sell selling
Show showing
Sing singing
Sit sitting
Sleep sleeping
Stand standing
Write writing

READING:

Karl’s working at MGA.

He’s going to his office now.

He’s running. It’s late.

The sun is shining behind the building.

He’s looking at his watch.

Karl’s getting late.

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10.2 NEWSPAPER AD
When you need to look for a job you read the ads (advertisements) in the newspaper
or on the internet. There is usually a “classified ads” section, where you can find job
opportunities. Sometimes they are easy to read but not always.

Fuente: https://bemoreenglishonline.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/subway.gif

As you can see in the example, the main information an ad has is: the name of the
entity, posts offered, requirements, address, phone number and e-mail or internet ad-
dress. Some posts require special qualifications as:
• MBA Master of Business Administration degree
• B.A. Bachelor of Arts degree
• B. Com Bachelor of Commerce degree
• Min. Matric Minimum Matriculation
• BBA Bachelor of Business Administration degree
• MA Master of Arts

The things that companies usually ask are:


• Résumé (CV)
• Cover letter (optional)
• Photograph
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10.3 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: What’s he/she doing? He/she is running.

1. Playing basket 2. Riding a bicycle 3. Drawing

4. Reading 5. Eating 6. Running

7. Walking 8. Dancing
1. ________________________________________

2. ________________________________________

3. ________________________________________

4. ________________________________________

5. ________________________________________

6. ________________________________________

7. ________________________________________

8. ________________________________________
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B: What are they doing? They are eating.

1. Running 2. Playing 3. Dancing

4. Swimming 5. Working 6. Eating

7. Flying 8. Talking

1. ________________________________________

2. ________________________________________

3. ________________________________________

4. ________________________________________

5. ________________________________________

6. ________________________________________

7. ________________________________________

8. ________________________________________
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DIALOG:
SUSAN: Where’s Jimmy?
MARY: He is at the dining room.
SUSAN: What is he doing?
MARY: He’s climbing on the table.
SUSAN: Oh!...Jimmy!!!

C: AT THE RESTAURANT

Fried chicken cheese donuts


/fráid chíken/ /chíis/ /dónats/

croissant cookie coffee


/croasánt/ /kúki/ /kófi/

tea fish coke


/ti/ /físh/ /kóuk/

cake jelly bread


/kéik/ /dshéli/ /bréd/

soup roll milk


/sup/ /ról/ /milk/

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ice cream fried egg orange juice


/áis crím/ /fráyd eg/ /órench yús/

drink popcorn spaghetti


/drink/ /pop corn/ /spagéti/

Examples:

• What are you eating for breakfast? (Two donuts and a glass of milk)

I’m eating two donuts and a glass of milk.

• What is he having for lunch? (Soup, fried fish, and jelly)

He’s having soup, fried fish and jelly.

• What are they preparing for dinner? (Coffee, and chocolate cake)

They’re preparing coffee, and chocolate cake.

Continue the exercise combining food.

1. What is Tim eating for breakfast? (Cheese, croissants and a cup of coffee)

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

2. What are the children eating for breakfast? (Milk and cookies)

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

3. What are you preparing for lunch?(Soup, fried chicken and a drink)

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________
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4. What is Stella eating? (A big ice cream)

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

5. What is Miss Hollywood eating? (Popcorn)

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

6. What are you having for dinner?(Bread, fried egg and a cup of tea)

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

7. What is Kathy eating? (A piece of cake and a coke)

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

8. What is your father eating for dinner? (Soup, fish, and a drink)

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

9. What are they preparing for lunch? (Soup, spaghettis and orange juice)

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

10. What is the cat eating? (Fish and milk)

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

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10.4 READING

Fuente: http://www.pakjob4u.com/JobsImages/461_Engineering-Jobs.gif

1. What kind of posts does this ad offer?

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

2. What kind of workers do they need?

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

3. Where is the job opportunity?

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________
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4. What is the main qualification for this job?

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

5. How do you contact them?

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

6. When is the last day to contact them?

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

7. Who will be contacted?

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

10.5 LISTENING
JUAN: Mr. Gómez, what ______________?

MR. GOMEZ: ___________ at the manager’s office.

JUAN: _______________ the reports?

MR. GOMEZ: Yes, I am. __________________ the diagrams, too.

JUAN: Mr. Blue _____________ you.

MR. GOMEZ: O.K. ______________ his office now.

JUAN: Good! ____________

MR. GOMEZ: ________________.

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10.6 VOCABULARY
1. Abroad en el extranjero
2. Action acción
3. Ad anuncio
4. Administration administración
5. Advertisements anuncios
6. Always siempre
7. Arts artes
8. As como
9. Bachelor bachiller
10. Base establecer
11. Breakfast desayuno
12. Business negocio(s)
13. But pero
14. Classified clasificado
15. Combination combinación
16. Commerce comercio
17. Council embajada
18. Cover letter carta de presentación
19. CV curriculum vitae
20. Degree grado
21. Design diseño
22. Dinner cena
23. Easy fácil
24. Entity entidad
25. Expectations expectativas
26. Food alimentos, comida
27. Gerund gerundio
28. Hydropower hidroenergía
29. Indicate indica(r)
30. Job trabajo
31. Latest más reciente, ultimo
32. Leading importante, destacada
33. Look for buscar
34. Lunch almuerzo
35. Main principal
36. Master maestría
37. Matriculation estudios universitarios
38. Newspaper periódico
39. Opportunities oportunidades
40. Pay package paquete de remuneraciones
41. Positions puestos
42. Posts puestos
43. Power electricidad, eléctrico
44. Preferably preferentemente
45. Qualification cualificación
46. Requirements requisitos, requerimientos
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47. Résumé curriculo
48. Section sección
49. Sometimes a veces
50. Subject sujeto
51. Suffix sufijo
52. Things cosas
53. Verb verbo
LESSON 11

WRITING A RESUME

11.1 IMPERATIVES
Imperatives are commands that are expressed using the base form of the verb and
usually without a subject. In many situations commands are made politely saying please
at the beginning or at the end of the command.
Examples: Sit down. Please sit down.
Come in. Come in, please
Show me your passport. Show me your passport, please
Everybody sit down. Please everybody sit down

When imperatives express warnings, as in a danger alert, it is not used the polite way.
Examples: Caution!
Danger!
Keep out!
Do not enter!
Cross here!
Stop!

You can also forbid actions using the negative.


Examples: Don’t be late. Please don’t be late.
Don’t sleep Don’t sleep, please.
Don’t disturb. Please don’t disturb
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11.2 PREPOSITIONS
There are other expressions used with prepositions:

At
• atthe beginning, at the end
• atfirst, at last
• atthe moment, at once
• atthe weekend (UK) on the weekend (USA)

In
• in advance, in danger, in a hurry
• in control, in general, in love
• in my opinion, in the past
• in charge of.

On
• on business, on a trip, on a holiday
• on TV, on the radio, on the internet
• on the computer, on the phone
• on fire, on the floor, on strike

By
• by car, by bus
• by bike, by plane
• by boat, by ship
• by train, by hand

Example: At first, the man was sleepy.


We need to do our homework at once.
Mary and Joe are in love.
Who’s in charge of this department?
I always find George on the phone.
Be careful! The house is on fire!
Cynthia goes to work by bus.
We love to travel by train.

11.3 SPORTS AND SKILLS

Baseball Basketball Tennis Football / Soccer

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There are many sports that you can practice besides those mentioned above.
• Riding a horse
• Swimming
• Playing golf
• Playing chess
• Jogging
• Riding bicycle
• Diving
• Sailing
• Taekwondo
• Volleyball
• Weightlifting

But everyone has skills that are special to each one. They are abilities to choose and
perform the right techniques at the right time, successfully with almost no effort. There
are three main types of skills:
• Cognitive – thinking process – perception, attention, memory, language.
• Perceptual – interpret data – musical, descriptive, sensitivity.
• Motor – body movement – flexibility, strength, coordination, balance.

The best skills that company look for candidates for a position in their companies are:
• Flexibility
• Anticipation
• Problem solving
• Decision making
• Working memory
• Emotional self-regulation
• Sequencing
• Language skills
• Thinking skills

11.4 THE RESUME AND COVER LETTER


A résumé or CV and a cover letter or covering letter, are important when you apply for
a job. Those documents are the first impression that the employer has of you.

The résumé shows all your studies and skills. It represents you before the job inter-
view. Therefore, it has to be attractive, informative, and persuasive to sell you as the
perfect candidate for the post.

The cover letter expresses why do you want to work in that specific entity, the expe-
rience and qualifications you have and any other skills that will help you perform the job.
The cover letter is always the first thing employers read before the CV.

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11.5 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: Make sentences using the imperatives.
Example: Tim is moving the box
Don’t move that box!

1. Frank is driving his mother’s car.

___________________________________________________________________

2. The dog is eating your stockings.

___________________________________________________________________

3. Sheila is drinking his soup.

___________________________________________________________________

4. Alice is cooking fish.

___________________________________________________________________

5. The Smiths are going home.

___________________________________________________________________

6. The children are playing football.

___________________________________________________________________

7. Roxana and Richard are kissing.

___________________________________________________________________

8. Grandfather is jumping.

___________________________________________________________________

9. The baby is crying.

___________________________________________________________________

10. The cat is pulling the sweater.

___________________________________________________________________

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B: Use the appropriate preposition: in, on, at, by.


1. We have to run. We want to be ________ time to our English class.

2. The accountant prepares the financial statements _________ the end of the year.

3. Jane is ______ a hurry. Her baby is very hungry.

4. Come quickly! Steve is ______ TV.

5. The company is worried because the workers are ______ strike.

6. Danny is making the report ______ hand. His computer is out of order.

7. ______ my opinion, we are very tired to finish this job.

8. They don’t work ______ a holiday.

9. Mr. Taylor and Mr. Spencer are ______ control of the company.

10. Her family is going _______ a trip to Cuzco.

C: Complete the sentences with the right sport or skill. Choose from the following:
• Baseball Decision making Diving Basketball
• Jogging Problem solving Sailing Language skills
• Flexible Thinking skills

1. The ball has to pass through a basket to score a point. ____________________

2. The manager in this company can explain anything you need. _______________

3. The person comes out to a park or by the street running slowly. _____________

4. It’s very exciting to ride in a sailboat. __________________________________

5. Tell Mr. Brown your problem he can help you. ____________________________

6. One person hits the ball with a bat and the other person catches it. __________

7. I know you can change some of the specifications. ________________________

8. Miss Blanche is in charge of the Research Department. ____________________

9. You need a mask, flippers, to go under water. ____________________________

10. Mr. Thomas decides every important issue from the firm. __________________

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11.6 LISTENING
Pay attention to the reading and complete the missing words:

Ann Brenner __________ and she ____________ a job. She is about to finish her stu-
dies and _____________ to begin practicing. She is looking at the ________________
and finds _________________. A _____________ Law Firm in New York.

She ___________ all the information required in her __________________ to ex-


press why ___________ to work with them. She sends the CV and covering letter
____________, and waits for the answer.

________ later, Ann receives a _______________ to ask her _________ to their


offices for __________. She is ____________ that they are calling her. She prepa-
res carefully __________ and her papers the day before _____________ because she
_____________ to be late. She likes to be ___________.

11.7 VOCABULARY
1. Abilities habilidades, capacidades
2. Alert alerta
3. Almost casi
4. Always siempre
5. Anticipation anticipación
6. Anything cualquier cosa
7. Apply aplicar, solicitar
8. At last finalmente
9. At once al instante
10. Attention atención
11. Attractive atractivo
12. Balance balance
13. Best mejor(es)
14. Body cuerpo
15. By hand hecho a mano
16. Carefully cuidadosamente
17. Caution precaución, cuidado
18. Chess ajedrez
19. Choose escoger
20. Clothing vestimenta, ropa
21. Cognitive cognitivo
22. Come in entrar, entre
23. Commands órdenes
24. Coordination coordinación
25. Cover letter carta de presentación
26. Danger peligro
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27. Decision making toma de decisiones


28. Disturb molestar
29. Diving bucear
30. Effort esfuerzo
31. Employer empleador
32. Enter ingresar
33. Entity entidad
34. Everybody todos
35. Flexibility flexibilidad
36. Flippers aletas (para nadar)
37. Forbid prohibir, impedir
38. Help ayudar
39. In a hurry apurado, de prisa
40. In charge of a cargo de
41. In love enamorado(a)
42. Interview entrevista
43. Issue asunto
44. Jogging trotar
45. Keep out no entrar, no pasar, prohibida la entrada
46. Kissing besándose
47. Language lenguaje
48. Law firm estudio de abogados
49. Law ley, derecho
50. Mask máscara
51. Memory memoria
52. Motor motora
53. On a holiday en un día feriado
54. On a trip de viaje
55. On business de negocios
56. On fire incendiando, ardiendo en fuego
57. On strike de huelga
58. On the floor en el piso, sobre el piso
59. On time a tiempo
60. Out of order malograda
61. Papers documentos
62. Perception percepción
63. Perceptual perceptivo
64. Perform desempeñar, ejecutar, realizar
65. Persuasive persuasivo(a)
66. Politely cortésmente, educadamente, amablemente
67. Quickly rápido
68. Research investigación
69. Riding montar, manejar
70. Right time tiempo apropiado, debido tiempo
71. Right correcto(a), derecho
72. Sailboat velero
73. Sailing navegar
74. Score anotar
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75. Self-regulation autorregulación


76. Sell vender
77. Sensitivity sensibilidad
78. Sequencing ordenamiento, organización
79. Show mostrar
80. Sit down sentarse, siéntese
81. Situation situación
82. Skill destreza
83. Slowly lentamente
84. Solving solución
85. Stockings medias, calcetines
86. Stop alto, pare
87. Strength Fortaleza
88. Successfully exitosamente
89. Techniques técnicas
90. Therefore por lo tanto
91. Thinking pensamiento
92. Through a través de
93. To be late estar tarde
94. Warnings advertencies
95. Weightlifting levantamiento de pesas
96. Without sin
97. Worried preocupada

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LESSON 12

A JOB INTERVIEW

12.1 THERE IS / THERE ARE


We also use there is/are to talk about how many people or things are. Or we use
there to indicate a place.
Example: How many people are in the living room?
There are sixteen people.
Is there any bakery here?
Yes, there are two around the corner.
Where is the policeman?
There he is, on the corner.
I can’t see my dog.
He is there, behind the tree.

12.2 FREQUENCY ADVERBS


Frequency adverbs express how often or how long you perform something. The most
common are: Frequency
• Always 100%
• Usually 90%
• Frequently 70%
• Often 70%
• Sometimes 50%
• Seldom 10%
• Rarely 10%
• Never 0%
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Example: Peter always comes home at 7 o’clock.


The teacher usually takes a quiz on Fridays.
Mr. Moore frequently travels to Rome.
Betty and Rose often go to the beach in summer.
We sometimes read the newspapers.
Our boss seldom visits us.
They never invite friends to their house.

12.3 JOB INTERVIEW


For a job interview the applicant must be prepared from the beginning. First, use formal
clothing, clean and neat. The first impression is very important. Men use to wear a suit but
women have to be careful to their appearance and make up.

Get to the interview early, ten or fifteen minutes before the time scheduled. Be polite
with the receptionist and with everyone you meet. Do not feel nervous. Don’t chew gum. It
doesn’t look well.

Answer the questions politely and with firm voice. Do not yell and do not tell jokes. Make
a good eye contact; it helps to see that you know what you are talking about. Keep a nice
smile, it always helps.

Express your expectations with confidence. Do not show that you are going to accept anything.
Do not say negative things of your former colleagues. It doesn’t say anything good of you.

When it is finished, thank the interviewer by his name and leave closing softly the door.

12.4 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: Fill in the blanks with: there is, there are or there
1. Do you know the new restaurant? Yes, I work _______

2. __________ fifty people looking for the job here.

3. I don’t know if __________ a computer in that room.

4. How far _________ from London to Madrid?

5. __________ ten children riding bicycles at the park.

6. They like to play _________

7. __________ a storm coming soon.

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8. Can you tell me what __________?

9. Yes, ___________ some balls and bats.

10. I think __________ not enough food for our guests.

B: Fill in the blanks with the correct frequency adverb.


1. The students __________ study for their exam. (70%)

2. My father __________ reads the newspaper in the morning. (90%)

3. Our dentist _________ eats sweets. (0%

4. The Dean ___________ visits the classes. (100%)

5. Mr. Miranda _________ smokes in his office. (10%)

6. We ___________ visit our grandparents. (50%)

7. Keith’s family __________ go out to eat on Sundays. (90%)

8. Harry _______ eats fish. (10%)

9. The accounts are __________ exact. (100%)

10. My parrot __________ speaks to me. (0%)

12.5 READING
There are many interesting places to visit in any city. But I prefer to visit the mu-
seums. There you can learn about the history, customs, and origin of the people who
live there.

Some museums show the fauna and flora, others show machines, others pictures,
toys, books, stamps, and so forth. For example, in the United States are about 17,000
museums and almost 900 million people visit them each year.

Everywhere you go you can find History museums and historic houses. They are the
most common type of museums. Natural history museums display ecosystems and co-
llection of animals and things that do not exist anymore, only in a museum.

Zoos are considered museums, where you find a large display of animals from all
around the world. Aquariums are specialized zoos to provide educational and recreatio-
nal experiences.

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The largest museums in the world are also the most famous:
• Musee du Louvre Paris, France
• The Metropolitan Museum of Art New York, U.S.A.
• British Museum London, U.K.
• Tate Modern London, U.K.
• National Gallery London, U.K.
• Vatican Museums Vatican City
• National Palace Museum Taipei, Taiwan
• National Gallery of Art Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
• Centre Georges Pompidou Paris, France
• Musee d’Orsay Paris, France

12.6 VOCABULARY
1. Also también
2. Always siempre
3. Appearance apariencia
4. Applicant solicitante
5. Aquarium acuario
6. Bakery panadería
7. Bat bate (de beisball)
8. Beach playa
9. Chew masticar
10. Colleagues colegas
11. Confidence confianza, seguridad
12. Customs costumbres
13. Display muestran, exponen, exhiben
14. Early templano
15. Everyone todos, cada uno
16. Expectations expectativas
17. Eye contact contacto visual
18. Fauna fauna
19. Flora flora
20. Former anterior(es)
21. Frequently frecuentemente
22. Gum chicle
23. Interviewer entrevistador
24. Make up maquillaje
25. Museum museo
26. Neat nítido
27. Nervous nervioso
28. Never nunca
29. Nice amable, simpático
30. Often a menudo
31. Place lugar
32. Quiz prueba, paso
33. Rarely rara vez, casi nunca
34. Scheduled programado, planeado, previsto
35. Seldom rara vez, pocas veces.
36. Smile sonrisa
37. Softly suavemente
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38. Sometimes algunas veces, a veces


39. Suit terno
40. Tell jokes contar chistes
41. Usually generalmente, usualmente
42. Wear usar, vestir
43. Yell gritar
44. Zoo zoológico

12.7 SONG
LIVING TOGETHER
___________ together
Growing __________
Just being together
_______ how it starts
We loving _________, oh!
Growing together
__________ together
Just ________ together
That makes you strong
If things ______ wrong
We’ll still get along somehow
___________ and __________
Together.

It just gets worth


To build ___________
Fill it _______________
And __________ a home
Fill it with _______
______build into a group
It’s _______ a chain
Where stretch becomes ___________
That:
_____________
________________
Just being together
That’s how it starts
We ___________, oh!
______________
_______________
Just ______________
That makes you strong
If things go wrong
We’ll still get along somehow
Living and growing (just like ____________ now)

Listen the song in: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XQLvhvRjBbs


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SELF ASSESSMENT
UNIT FOUR
DATE: ___________________________ GRADE:

NAME: __________________________

A: READING (5 points)
Tomorrow is a Holiday and all of my Friends are planning to go out of the city. My
family and I want to go to Huaraz. There we can visit a lot of places that teach us about
our ancestors. There are two big lakes to visit, Llanganuco and Parón. You can ride a
horse; do tracking, hicking, mountain climbing and so on.

My parents don’t go with us because they’re going to Acapulco next week. They plan
to enjoy the beach and sightseen all around the place.
1. What are your friends planning for tomorrow?
___________________________________________________________________
2. Where are you going with your family?
___________________________________________________________________
3. Which sports do you plan to practice?
___________________________________________________________________
4. What about your parents?
___________________________________________________________________
5. What do they plan to do?
___________________________________________________________________

B: GRAMMAR: (10 points)


I: Write the plural of these nouns. Think if it is a Count or Mass Noun:

1. Stapler : _____________

2. Family : _____________

3. House : _____________

4. Suitcase : _____________

5. Child : _____________

6. Postman : _____________

7. Parrot : _____________
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8. Cat : _____________

9. Sink : _____________

10. Tooth : _____________

II: Change the verbs to the present continuous form:

1. Read : _____________

2. Drink : _____________

3. Be : _____________

4. Sit : _____________

5. Show : _____________

6. Go : _____________

7. Come : _____________

8. Give : _____________

9. Make : _____________

10. Have : _____________

C: LISTENING: (5 points)
Pay attention to the reading and complete with the missing words:

_____ a rainy day. Sandra _____________ the Restaurant. Tim is _________. San-
dra _______________ a hot chicken soup. Sandra’s soup _________. She’s asking for
_______________. Tim’s working________. There’re ____________ at the restaurant.
There’s a little boy __________________. Tim’s running with the ________________
and Sandra’s _______________. Oh, no! Tim’s _______________ with the milk and
________! Poor Tim!

Total: 20 points

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ON LINE EXPLORING
Present continuous:
• http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentcontinuous.html (12/03/2016)
• http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/present-tense/
present-continuous
• http://www.curso-ingles.com/aprender/cursos/nivel-basico/verb-tenses-pre-
sent/present-continuous

Imperatives:
• http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/imperative/menu.php (12/03/2016)
• http://www.curso-ingles.com/aprender/cursos/nivel-basico/sentence-structure/
imperative-sentences
• http://dictionary.cambridge.org/es/gramatica/gramatica-britanica/imperative-
clauses-be-quiet

Prepositions of time:
• https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/prepositions-at-in-on-time.htm
(12/03/2016)
• http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/prepositions-of-time.html
• http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar-vi-
deos/prepositions-time (video)

The résumé:
• https://www.englishclub.com/business-english/resumes-samples.htm
(12/03/2016)
• http://www.modelocurriculum.net/el-curriculum-en-ingles

The cover letter:


• https://www.livecareer.com/resume-examples (12/03/2016)
• https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/writing/cover-letter

There is / there are:


• http://www.ejerciciodeingles.com/cuando-usar-there-is-there-are/ (12/03/2016)
• http://www.curso-ingles.com/aprender/cursos/nivel-basico/nouns/there-be

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Frequency adverbs:
• http://www.grammar.cl/Basic/Adverbs_Frequency.htm (12/03/2016)
• https://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar-vi-
deos/adverbs-frequency
• http://www.saberingles.com.ar/curso/lesson06/04b.html

Job interview:
http://jobsearch.about.com/cs/interviews/a/jobinterviewtip.htm (12/03/2016)

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
• Coe, Norman, Mark Harrison, Ken Paterson (2010) Oxford Practice Grammar.
Basic. New York, Oxford University Press.

• Murphy, Raymond (2007) English Grammar in Use. 3a Ed. Cambridge, Cambridge


University Press.

• Brockman, Earle W. (1974) A practical English Grammar. New York, Macmillan


Publishing Co., Inc.

• Yule, George (2006) Oxford practice grammar. New York, Oxford University Press

• Murphy, Raymond (1995) Essential grammar in use. Great Britain, Cambridge


University Press

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A N S W E R K E Y

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U N I T 1
1.8 LANGUAGE CHECK
A: REPLACE THE NAME BY THE PRONOUNS.

1 He

2 They

3 We

4 You

5 It

B: COMPLETE WITH THE CORRECT FORM OF VERB TO BE: AM-IS-ARE

1 Am

2 Are

3 Are

4 Is

5 Are

6 Are

7 Is

8 am

C: LOOK AT THIS LIST OF PARTICIPANTS FOR MARKETING CONFERENCE IN LON-


DON. USE THE INFORMATION BELOW TO HELP YOU FILL IN THE GAPS AS IN THE
EXAMPLE.

1 No, she isn’t. She is Canadian.

2 Yes, I am.

3 No, he isn’t. He’s 45.

4 Are Mik and Sol colleagues?

5 Yes, he is.
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Answer these questions:

1. He’s Peruvian.

2. He’s from Germany.

3. She’s a system analyst.

4. She lives in Toronto.

5. She’s 45.

6. They work for IBM.

D: MAKE QUESTIONS WITH “WHO” AND ANSWER

1 Who’s this? This is Miss Tina.

2 Who’s this? This is Mr. Hat.

3 Who’s this? This is Mr. Blue.

4 Who’s this? This is Miss Sullivan.

5 Who’s this? This is Robert.

6 Who’s this? This is Mrs. Black.

E: WHO’S THAT?

1. Who’s that? That’s Tom. He’s a boy.

2. Who’s that? That’s Mary. She’s a girl.

3. Who’s that? That’s Mr. Harris. He’s a man.

4. Who’s that? That’s Mrs. Harris. She‘s a woman.

5. Who’s that? That’s Andy. He’s a baby.

1.9 READING EXERCISES: TRUE (T) OR FALSE (F)


1. F

2. F

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3. T

4. F

2.5 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: EXCHANGE THE PRONOUNS WITH THE POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

1. Our office

2. Her colleagues

3. Your boss

4. My briefcase

5. His chair

6. Your children

7. My doctor

8. Their books

9. Your glasses

10. Our telephone

11. His files

12. Her job

B: IDENTIFYING PEOPLE.

A: Who are they?

1. This is Mr. Smith. He’s a doctor. He’s from Uruguay.

2. This is Mr. Jones. He’s a postman. He’s from Nigeria.

3. This is Miss Bell. She’s a teacher. She’s from Venezuela.

4. This is Harry Nelson. He’s an architect. He’s from Argentina.

5. This is Mr. Silver. He’s a butcher. He’s from Brazil.


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6. This is Tom Wood. He’s a carpenter. He’s from Ecuador.

7. This is Sam Wall. He’s a fireman. He’s from Colombia.

8. This is Jane Glass. She’s an engineer. She’s from Bolivia.

C: MAKE QUESTIONS FROM THE SENTENCES.

1. What’s his name? Where’s he from? Who’s Mr. García?

2. What’s her name? Where’s she from? Who’s María Barreto?

3. What’s her name? Where’s she from? Who’s Gina Poggi?

4. What’s her name? Where’s she from? Who’s Rosa Ruíz?

5. What’s his name? Who’s Santiago Torres? Where’s he from?

D: ANSWER THE QUESTION

1. What’s this? This is a/an ...

1. What’s this? This is a book.

2. What’s this? This is a pencil.

3. What’s this? This is a notebook.

4. What’s this? This is a phone.

5. What’s this? This is a stapler.

6. What’s this? This is a computer

7. What’s this? This is a tape.

8. What’s this? This is a file.

9. What’s this? This is an apple.

10. What’s this? This is an ice cream.

11. What’s this? This is an egg.

12. What’s this? This is an orange.

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2. What’s that? That’s a/an ...

1. What’s that? That’s a family.

2. What’s that? That’s a door.

3. What’s that? That’s a car.

4. What’s that? That’s a window.

5. What’s that? That’s a house.

6. What’s that? That’s a radio.

7. What’s that? That’s a television.

8. What’s that? That’s a clock.

9. What’s that? That’s a chair.

10. What’s that? That’s a suitcase.

11. What’s that? That’s a plane.

12. What’s that? That’s an astronaut.

3. What’re these? These are ...

1. What’re these? These are books.

2. What’re these? These are colors.

3. What’re these? These are scissors.

4. What’re these? These are bananas.

5. What’re these? These are glasses.

6. What’re these? These are tools.

7. What’re these? These are flowers.

8. What’re these? These are grapes.

4. What’re those? Those are ...

1. What’re those? Those are coins.

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2. What’re those? Those are buildings

3. What’re those? Those are envelopes.

4. What’re those? Those are bags.

5. What’re those? Those are people.

6. What’re those? Those are boys.

7. What’re those? Those are girls.

8. What’re those? Those are children.

9. What’re those? Those are students.

10. What’re those? Those are cherries.

11. What’re those? Those are eggs.

12. What’re those? Those are peas.

2.6 LISTENING
1. Our

2. Our

3. Your

4. My

5. Her

6. Her

7. Their

8. Our

9. His

10. His

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3.1 EXERCISES
Put the dialogue in the correct order and practice with your partner.

3.3 PERSONAL INFORMATION


1 Her name is Ida Campoverde.

2 She’s 41 years old.

3 She’s from Ica Peru.

4 She lives in Miraflores.

5 Her birthday is on September 2nd.

6 She’s a math teacher at PALM College.

7 Her hobbies are listening to music and reading.

8 Her favorite book is “El amor en los tiempos del cólera”

3.4 LISTENING
Juan: Hi, my name’s Juan.

Yumiko: Hi Peter, I’m Yumiko.

Juan: Nice to meet you, Yumiko. Are you in English I?

Yumiko: Yes, I am

Juan: Is this English I?

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Yumiko: No, it isn’t. It’s in Room 203-C

Juan: Oh! Thank you.

Yumiko: You’re welcome.

3.5 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: Who’s That?

1. Who’s that? That’s Harry. He’s 19 years old.

2. Who’s that? That’s Melissa. She’s 35 years old.

3. Who’s that? That’s Silvia. She’s 15 years old.

4. Who’s that? That’s Katherine. She’s 46 years old.

5. Who’s that? That’s Mr. Red. He’s 67 years old.

6. Who’s that? That’s Mrs. White.. She’s 83 years old.

7. Who’s that? That’s Mr. Sánchez. He’s 51 years old.

8. Who’s that? That’s Miss Vidal. She’s 38 years old.

9. Who’s that? That’s Mr. Calderón. He’s 49 years old.

B: WRITE THE FOLLOWING FIGURES IN NUMBERS

a) 21

b) 46

c) 78

d) 33

e) 82

f) 12

g) 59

h) 94
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i) 110

j) 650

k) 1,800

l) 3,006

C: WRITE THE FOLLOWING NUMBERS IN LETTERS

a) Twenty eight

b) Eleven

c) Sixty five

d) Ninety two

e) Seventy three

f) Sixty six

g) Thirty seven

h) One hundred and nine

i) Four hundred eighty six

j) Three hundred fifty one

k) Nine hundred

l) One thousand sixty

3.6 READING
Underline the correct option

1. Tina

2. 20

3. Brussels, Belgium

4. Tony

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5. 19

6. Berlin, Germany

ACTIVITY
LISTENING: Listen to the conversation and Circle the correct word to complete these
sentences.

1. Torrent.

2. 621.

3. 15.

4. Hilda.

SELF ASSESSMENT

A: GRAMMAR

1 1 Her

2 Thir

3 My

4 Our

5 Your

6 Its

7 His

8 My

9 Her

10 Our

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B: VOCABULARY

1 1 Friend

2 Sister

3 Partner

4 Tutor

5 Boss

6 Principal

7 Fireman

8 Postman

9 Engineer

10 Butcher

C: READING

1 He’s a teacher.

2 He’s from Lima.

3 His brother is the Dean.

4 She’s a student.

5 She’s 17.

D: LISTENING:

1. Yes, they are.

2. His name is Otto.

3. Her name is Leah

4. She is from Lima

5. He’s from Arequipa.

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U N I T 2
4.4 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: Tell the time in the two possible ways.

1. Two twenty three / twenty three past two.

2. Five forty nine / eleven to six.

3. Eight ten / ten past eight.

4. Twelve fifty / ten to one.

5. One thirty three / twenty seven to two.

6. Four eight / eight past four.

7. Ten fifteen / a quarter past ten.

8. Six thirty / half past six.

9. Seven forty five / a quarter to eight.

10. Eleven twenty seven / twenty seven past eleven.

11. Three o’clock

12. Nine twenty two / twenty two past nine.

B: Write the date as it is read.

1. July fourth, nineteen eighty five

2. December sixth, nineteen sixty six

3. November twelfth, nineteen forty nine

4. June twenty sixth, nineteen ninety nine

5. October ninth, two thousand

6. August thirty first, two thousand five

7. September fourteenth, nineteen fifty

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8. February twenty second, two thousand eight

9. January third, twenty sixteen

10. May fifteenth, two thousand seven.

4.5 LISTENING
ANDY: Good morning Frank, how are you?

FRANK: Fine thanks, Andy. Are you ready?

ANDY: Ready? I’m always ready, and you?

FRANK: Do you know what day is today?

ANDY: Yes, it’s Sunday!

FRANK: No, it’s Monday.

ANDY: Monday? What date is today?

FRANK: Today is March 7th, and it’s Monday.

ANDY: Oh!

FRANK: And you have an appointment.

ANDY: No! What time is it?

FRANK: It’s half past seven.

ANDY: Ohhh! I’m late.

FRANK: What happens….?

ANDY: I have to be at eight o’clock at the office.

FRANK: Hurry up, then!

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5.5 LANGUAGE CHECK


A: Use the correct Wh-question in each sentence.

1. What

2. Who

3. What

4. How

5. Who

6. How

7. When

8. When

9. What

10. When

11. Where

12. Who

B: Write the appropriate form of the verb in the simple present.

1. Puts

2. Goes

3. Play

4. Moves

5. Works

6. Come

7. Dances

8. Washes

9. Reads

10. Study
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C: Fill in the gaps with the correct preposition of time: in, on, at.

1. In

2. On

3. In

4. At

5. In

6. On

7. At

8. In

9. At

10. on

D: Do you have?... Yes/No short answers.

1. Does he have a big car? No, he doesn’t.

2. Do they have a father? Yes, they do.

3. Do you have a fat cat? Yes, I do./Yes, we do.

4. Does she have two mothers? No, she doesn’t.

5. Does it have a fish? Yes, it does.

6. Do they have pencils? No, they don’t.

7. Do you have two beds? No, I don’t./No, we don’t.

8. Does he have ten dogs? No, he doesn’t.

9. Does she have seven bikes? No, she doesn’t.

10. Does it have twelve colors? Yes, it does.

11. Do they have three balls? Yes, they do.

12. Does he have a plane? Yes, he does.

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5.7 LISTENTING
Andy sits down and watches the office. It is a very big office with a long desk, a great
chair and a pair of couches. On the desk there is a desk top, some papers, a picture and
a telephone. After a moment, Mr. Blue comes in and sits down.

MR. BLUE: Well, Mr. Sanchez. Where are you from?

ANDY: I’m from Lima.

MR. BLUE: Where do you live?

ANDY: I live in Miraflores, Piura Street 597.

MR. BLUE: What is your telephone number?

ANDY: It’s 450-6488

MR. BLUE: What is your ID number?

ANDY: It’s 07669952

MR. BLUE: What is your complete name?

ANDY: Andy Sanchez Seskus.

MR. BLUE: How do you spell Seskus?

ANDY: S – E – S – K – U – S.

MR. BLUE: Where is it from?

ANDY: It’s from Lithuania.

MR. BLUE: Is your father Lithuanian?

ANDY: No, he isn’t. It was my grandfather.

MR. BLUE: Oh!

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6.4 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: Choose the correct adjective.

1. Happy

2. Angry

3. Sleepy

4. Hungry

5. Short / Tall

B: Continue the dialog:

1. Who’s that? That’s Tim. He isn’t old. No, he’s young.

2. Who are they? They’re the Wilsons. They aren’t tired. No, they’re hungry.

3. Who’s that? That’s Andrew. He isn’t ugly. No, he’s handsome.

4. Who are they? They’re Frank and Rita. They aren’t sleepy. No, they’re happy.

5. Who’s that? That’s Tina. She isn’t fat. No, she’s thin.

C: Use the appropriate adjective to describe the people in the office. (Suggestions)

1. The person on the first desk is angry.

2. The person on the second desk is sad/tired.

3. The person on the third desk is with another person.

4. The person on the fourth desk is happy.

D: Answer the following questions from the four desks picture

1. He has papers in his hand.

2. There is a sun between the two birds.

3. There are two people talking at the third desk.

4. The person at the fourth desk is drinking at the job.

5. There is no computer on the third desk.


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E: Use the picture to make sentences

1. It’s behind the bus.

2. It’s between the motorcycle and the car

3. It’s in front of the bus.

4. It’s next to the restaurant.

5. It’s between the barbershop and the restaurant

6. It’s next to the theater.

7. It’s in front of the theater.

8. It’s behind the car.

9. He’s on the motorcycle.

10. She’s in the car.

11. She’s on the bus.

12. They’re at the theater.

13. They’re at the dentist office.

14. He’s at the barbershop.

6.5 READING
1. He designs buildings and works with the engineer.

2. Martin Speck helps him with the structure installations.

3. Robert Bram is an author.

4. He works at home.

5. He works with a secretary and an editor.

6. Sam Stanford the Dean manages the Law Faculty.

7. There are more than a hundred professors.

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8. They study law to be judges or lawyers.

9. Mr. Wilson is the surgeon at The Central Hospital.

10. Betty Wilson is Dr. Wilson’s wife.

SELF ASSESSMENT:

READING AND WRITING

1. Harry is an architect.

2. It’s big and new.

3. Rita is his wife.

4. She’s an English teacher.

5. He works in an architectural firm.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in simple present

1) Puts

2) Carry

3) Pass

4) Crashes

5) Watch

Indicate the corresponding Wh-question in each sentence.

1) Where

2) When

3) What

4) When

5) How

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Tell the time.

1. It´s Five fifty five. / It’s five to six.

2. It´s ten thirty. / It’s half past ten.

3. It’s nine ten. / It’s ten past nine.

4. It’s four oh five. / It’s five past four.

5. It’s two forty. / It’s twenty to three.

Write the appropriate preposition of place.

1. Pink / on

2. On / blue

3. Between / blue / orange

4. Orange / next to / blue

5. Blue / under / tall

C: LISTENING
John is a student. He’s in English I. He’s from Huancayo. He lives in Calle Real 1556.
His friend Pedro lives in Huancayo, too. He’s in English VI. His class is in Room 405. His
teacher is Mr. Brown. John is in Room 203. His teacher is Miss Silva. His class begins
at 4:30.

U N I T 3
7.4 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: WHICH WORDS AND PHRASES IN THE BOX ARE COUNTABLE © AND WHICH ARE
UNCOUNTABLE (U)?

1. C

2. U
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3. U

4. U

5. C

6. U

7. U

8. C

9. U

10. U

11. C

12. U

13. C

14. U

15. C

16. U

17. U

18. C

B: CONTAINERS ALLOW US TO QUANTIFY UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS, FOR EXAM-


PLE: A PACKET OF SUGAR. LOOK AT THIS LIST OF CONTAINERS AND MATCH
EACH ONE TO A PICTURE A-H.

1. C

2. G

3. A

4. B

5. F

6. H

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7. D

8. E

C: CHOOSE THE CORRECT QUANTIFIER TO COMPLETE THE SENTENCES: HOW


MUCH / HOW MANY

1. How many

2. How much

3. How much

4. How much

5. How many

6. How much

7. How many

8. How many

D: CHOOSE A WORD TO FILL EACH SPACE.

1. A lot of

2. Any

3. Many

4. A few

5. Some

6. Much

7. A little

E: UNDERLINE THE CORRECT WORD

1. Information

2. Money

3. Research

4. Merchandise
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5. Advice

6. Machinery

F: USE THERE IS / THERE ARE IN THE APPROPRIATE FORM.

1. Are there

2. There is

3. Are there

4. There is

5. There is

6. There are

7. Is there

8. There are

9. There is

10. Is there

G: COUNTABLE OR UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

1. Is there any information? Yes, there is some information in the computer.

2. Are there any containers? Yes, there are a lot of containers in the storage area.

3. Is there any sugar? Yes, there is some sugar in the sugarpot.

4. Is there any water? Yes, there is some water in the bottle.

5. Is there any furniture? Yes, there is some furniture in the living room.

6. Is there any coffee? Yes, there is some coffee in the coffeepot.

7.5 READING
1. True

2. True

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3. False

4. False

5. True

6. False

8.4 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: MATCH THE WORDS ON THE LEFT WITH THEIR OPPOSITES ON THE RIGHT

1. F

2. E

3. B

4. H

5. G

6. I

7. D

8. J

9. A

10. C

B: PUT THE ADJECTIVES IN ORDER

1. A fantastisc, sports, Italian car

2. A nice, old, French teacher.

3. A small, red, alarm clock

4. An old, wooden, rocking chair.

5. A pretty, red, cotton dress.

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C: WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT CORRECT?

(3) Dr. Gosales’ computer is new.

D: ANSWER THE QUESTIONS

1. It’s Jill’s.

2. They’re Tom and Maggy’s.

3. It’s my parents’.

4. It’s Nuria’s.

E: USE THE POSSESSIVE NOUN

1. That’s Susan’s dress.

2. That’s Andy’s shirt.

3. That’s Betty’s skirt.

4. That’s Cornelio’s bed.

5. Those are Mr. Anderson’s hats.

6. That’s Mrs. Gray’s umbrella.

7. That’s Miss Tina’s bag.

8. Those are Jack Nickolson’s cars.

9. That’s your father’s cup.

10. That’s his sister’s book.

11. Those are my brother’s grapes.

12. Those are mother’s pears.

13. That’s the secretary’s stapler.

14. Those are the mechanic’s tools.

15. Those are grandmother’s glasses.

16. Those are Sally’s coins.

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8.5 READING: Circle all of the possessive nouns tin the narrative below.
Today is the day. I’m very happy. My father will buy a new cell phone for me. Richard’s
cell phone is great! It takes excellent pictures. Martha’s cell phone is wonderful! It has
great sound. My dad’s smartphone has a long last battery. The teacher’s is the best! It
has a wireless charger and it recognizes his voice! But my friend’s cell phone is cheaper.

9.4 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: FILL IN THE CORRECT FORMS.

1. Large larger largest

2. Slow slower slowest

3. Tall taller tallest

4. Thin thinner thinnest

5. Late later latest

6. Dry drier driest

7. Intelligent more intelligent most intelligent

8. Quiet quieter quietest

9. Well better best

10. Bad worse worst

B: COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE COMPARATIVE FORM OF ADJECTIVES.

1. Nearer than

2. Farther than

3. Bigger than

4. Smaller than

5. Hotter than

6. Colder than

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7. Longer than

8. More intelligent than

9. Larger tan

10. Heavier than

C: COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE SUPERLATIVE FORM OF ADJECTIVES.

1. The funniest

2. The worst

3. The most peaceful

4. The best

5. The happiest

6. The most interesting

7. The most friendly

8. The most quiet

9. The softest

10. The tallest

D: COMPLETE THE TEXT. PUT THE ADJECTIVES IN BRACKETS IN THE COMPARA-


TIVE FORM.

1. Smaller

2. Colder

3. More interesting

4. Bigger

5. More cosmopolitan

6. Friendlier

7. Worse

8. safer
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9.5 LISTENING
Harry receives a phone call from Charlie Cash. They are meeting at the Art Museum.
Mr. Cash is giving a lecture about Physics in an hour. He is Charlie’s father and is a fa-
mous Physic. Harry and Charlie are sitting at the Cafeteria waiting for the lecture. Char-
lie is a young man older than Harry. Harry is 21 and Charlie is 24. Charlie is taller thatn
Harry, but Harry is more handsome than Charlie. They are talking about school days.
They are engineers now, but Charlie is more successful than Harry.

LISTEN AND WRITE TRUE OR FALSE:

1. Charlie receives a phone call. ____

2. They are meeting at the cafeteria. ____

3. Terry is younger than Charlie. ____

4. Charlie is taller than Terry. ____

5. Charlie is more handsome than Terry ____

SELF ASSESSMENT

A: GRAMMAR

Write the comparative and superlative form of the adjectives.


1. Big bigger biggest

2. Small smaller smallest

3. Good better best

4. Creative more creative most creative

5. Expensive more expensive most expensive

6. Hot hotter hottest

7. Interesting more interesting most interesting

8. Cheap cheaper cheapest

9. Easy easier easiest

10. Bad worse worst

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B: COMPARATIVE OR SUPERLATIVE?

Put the adjectives between brackets in the correct form


1. Tidier

2. Bigger

3. Better

4. More little

5. The most

6. Worse

7. More intelligent

8. The best

9. The hottest

10. The most talkative

D: LISTENING
Listen and complete the text.

1. lives

2. dance

3. difficult,

4. perfecting

5. speed.

6. number

7. practice

8. older

9. better

10. best

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U N I T 4
10.3 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: What’s he/she doing?


1. What’s she doing? She’s playing basket.

2. What’s he doing? He’s riding a bicycle.

3. What’s he doing? He’s drawing.

4. What’s she doing? She’s reading.

5. What’s he doing? He’s eating.

6. What’s she doing? She’s running.

7. What’s he doing? He’s walking.

8. What’s she doing? She’s dancing.

B: What are they doing?

1. What are they doing? They’re running.

2. What are they doing? They’re playing.

3. What are they doing? They’re dancing.

4. What are they doing? They’re swimming.

5. What are they doing? They’re working.

6. What are they doing? They’re eating.

7. What are they doing? They’re flying.

8. What are they doing? They’re talking.

C: AT THE RESTAURANT: Combining food.

1. He’s eating cheese, croissants and a cup of coffee.

2. They’re eating milk and cookies.

3. I’m preparing soup, fried chicken and a drink.

4. She’s eating a big ice cream.


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5. She’s eating popcorn.

6. I’m having bread, fried egg and a cup of tea.

7. She’s eating a piece of cake and a coke.

8. He’s eating soup, fish, and a drink.

9. They’re preparing soup, spaghettis and orange juice.

10. It’s eating fish and milk.

READING
1. It offers positions for electrical and mechanical engineers.

2. They need engineers preferably having experience of hydropower design and


construction.

3. It’s in Pakistan.

4. They ask for minimum Bachelor’s Degree from a leading university in Pakistan.

5. By email address: mechanical654@gmail.com.

6. It’s July 26, 2013

7. Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.

10.5 LISTENING
JUAN: Mr. Gómez, what are you doing?

MR. GOMEZ: I’m working at the manager’s office.

JUAN: Are you preparing the reports?

MR. GOMEZ: Yes, I am. I’m reading the diagrams, too.

JUAN: Mr. Blue is looking for you.

MR. GOMEZ: O.K. I’m going to his office now.

JUAN: Good! Thank you.

MR. GOMEZ: You’re welcome.

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11.5 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: Make sentences using the imperatives


1. Don’t drive that car!

2. Don’t eat those stockings!

3. Don’t drink that soup!

4. Don’t cook that fish!

5. Don’t go home!

6. Don’t play football!

7. Don’t kiss!

8. Don’t jump!

9. Don’t cry!

10. Don’t pull the sweater!

B: Use the appropriate preposition: in, on, at, by.


1. On

2. At

3. In

4. On

5. On

6. By

7. In

8. On

9. In

10. On

C: Complete the sentences with the right sport or skill. Choose from the following:

1. Basketball

2. Language skills
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3. Jogging

4. Sailing

5. Problem solving

6. Baseball

7. Flexible

8. Thinking skills

9. Diving

10. Decision making

11.6 LISTENING
Ann Brenner studies law and she is looking for a job. She is about to finish her studies
and this is the time to begin practicing. She is looking at the classified ads and finds
something interesting. A very important Law Firm in New York.

She is sending all the information required in her résumé and a cover letter to express
why she wants to work with them. She sends the CV and covering letter by email, and
waits for the answer.

A week later, Ann receives a telephone call to ask her to go to their offices for an in-
terview. She is very happy that they are calling her. She prepares carefully her clothing
and her papers the day before the appointment because she doesn’t want to be late.
She likes to be on time.

12.4 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: Fill in the blanks with: there is, there are or there

1. There

2. There are

3. There is

4. Is there

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5. There are

6. There

7. There is

8. Is there

9. There are

10. There is

B: Fill in the blanks with the correct frequency adverb.

1. Frequently / often

2. Usually

3. Never

4. Always

5. Seldom / rarely

6. Sometimes

7. Usually

8. Rarely / seldom

9. Always

10. Never

12.7 LISTENING

LIVING TOGETHER
Living together
Growing together
Just being together
That’s how it starts
We loving hearts, oh!

Growing together
Working together
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Just living together


That makes you strong
If things go wrong
We’ll still get along somehow
Living and growing
Together.

It just gets worth


To build a house
Fill it with people
And you have a home
Fill it with love
And build into a group
It’s like a chain
Where stretch becomes a family
That:

Living together
Growing together
Just being together
That’s how it starts
We loving hearts, oh!

Growing together
Working together
Just living together
That makes you strong
If things go wrong

We’ll still get along somehow


Living and growing (just like we’re doing now)

SELF ASSESSMENT

A: READING

1. They are planning to go out of the city.

2. We are going to Huaraz.

3. We plan to ride a horse; do hicking, mountain climbing and so on.

4. They aren’t going with us.

5. They plan to enjoy Acapulco, the beach and sightseen all around.
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B: GRAMMAR:

I: Write the plural of these nouns

1. Stapler : staplers

2. Family : families

3. House : houses

4. Suitcase : suitcases

5. Child : children

6. Postman : postmen

7. Parrot : parrots

8. Cat : cats

9. Sink : sinks

10. Tooth : teeth

II: Change the verbs to the present continuous form:

1. Read : reading

2. Drink : drinking

3. Be : being

4. Sit : sitting

5. Show : showing

6. Go : going

7. Come : coming

8. Give : giving

9. Make : making

10. Have : having

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C: LISTENING:
It’s a rainy day. Sandra is going to the Restaurant. Tim is the waiter. Sandra is asking
for a hot chicken soup. Sandra’s soup is good. She’s asking for a glass of water. Tim’s
working hard. There’re a lot of people at the restaurant. There’s a little boy crying for his
milk. Tim’s running with the boy’s milk and Sandra’s glass of water. Oh, no! Tim’s on the
floor with the milk and the water! Poor Tim!

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S C R I P T

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U N I T 1
LESSON 1

1.2. PRACTICE READING


A: Good morning, Miss Gamboa

B: Good morning, Mister Garcia.

A: Nice to meet you. How are you?

A: Nice to meet you, too. I’m fine, thanks.

B: Good bye.

A: Good bye.

1.9 READING
Good Morning I am Jenny Caceres, I am a reporter at EL COMERCIO and today I
am making a report on immigrants, today’s guests are two immigrants from Mexico,
they are Jossy Linares, and Roy Perez, they are Students at the Catolica college, she is
17 years old and he is 19. They are students but they are not workers. They live in an
apartment downtown.

Jenny : Where are you from?

Jossy : We are from the Guadalajara.

Jenny : Are you happy in Peru?

Jossy : Yes, we are, we enjoy living here.

Jenny : Roy, are you workers?

Roy : No, we’re not. We are students.

Jenny : Thank you very much.

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LESSON 2

2.5 READING
Complete the blanks with the correct possessive adjectives then listen to check them.

Hello Daniela,

Here are the photos of (1) our (we) end-of-cycle party for(2) our (we)
French class. The first photo is Julia and Juana. Is Julia in(3) your (you)
English class? She’s sometimes (4) my (I) partner in pair work. Julia is (5)
her (she) best friend.

Then, in the second photo, the girl in the red T-shirt is Sheyla. She’s (6)
her (Julia) sister. (7) Their (They) family is in Canada, but Sheyla is here,
too. The short man is Mr. Peña. He’s (8) our (we) new teacher. (9) His (He)
first name is Harold, and he’s very friendly. In this photo we’re in the hall
near (10) his (Mr. Peña) office. Send me some pictures of your class.

Boris

LESSON 3

3.4 LISTENING
Listen to the dialog and complete the missing words. Then practice with your

partner.
Juan: Hi, my name’s Juan.
Yumiko: Hi Peter, I’m Yumiko.
Juan: Nice to meet you, Yumiko. Are you in English I?
Yumiko: Yes, I am
Juan: Is this English I?
Yumiko: No, it isn’t. It’s in Room 203-C
Juan: Oh! Thank you.
Yumiko: You’re welcome.

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ACTIVITY
LISTENING: Listen to the conversation and Circle the correct word to complete these
sentences.

A: Good Morning!
B: Good Morning, What’s your name?
A: My name is Nuria.
B: What’s your last name, Nuria?
A: Torrent
B: Can you spell that?
A: T-O-R-R-E-N-T
B: What class are you in?
A: I am in class 621
B: How old are you?
A: I am 15
B: What’s your teacher’s name?
A: Her name is Hilda.

SELF-ASSESSMENT UNIT 1
D: LISTENING:
LISTENING: Listen to the conversation and answer these questions.

Otto : Hello! Are you in this class?


Leah : Hi! Yes, I am.
Otto : My name is Otto. Nice to meet you!
Leah : Nice to meet you too, Otto. I am Leah.
Otto : Leah, where are you from?
Leah : I am from Lima. What about you?
Otto : Well, I am from Arequipa, But I live in Cuzco.
Leah : Oh! Cuzco is a nice place.

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U N I T 2
LESSON 4

4.5 LISTENING
ANDY: Good morning Frank, how are you?

FRANK: Fine thanks, Andy. Are you ready?

ANDY: Ready? I’m always ready, and you?

FRANK: Do you know what day is today?

ANDY: Yes, it’s Sunday!

FRANK: No, it’s Monday.

ANDY: Monday? What date is today?

FRANK: Today is March 7th, and it’s Monday.

ANDY: Oh!

FRANK: And you have an appointment.

ANDY: No! What time is it?

FRANK: It’s half past seven.

ANDY: Ohhh! I’m late.

FRANK: What happens….?

ANDY: I have to be at eight o’clock at the office.

FRANK: Hurry up, then!

LESSON 5

5.6 READING
Andy is at the office. It’s 8 o’clock. He is on time for the appointment. Miss Stevens
is the receptionist and she introduces Andy to Mr. Blue, the Head of Human Resources.

MISS STEVENS: Mr. Blue, this is Andy Sanchez the new accountant.

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MR. BLUE: Nice to meet you Mr. Sanchez.

ANDY: Nice to meet you Mr. Blue.

MR. BLUE: Please, Miss Stevens take Mr. Sanchez to the first office.

MISS STEVENS: Yes Mr. Blue. This way please, Mr. Sanchez.

ANDY: Thank you.

MISS STEVENS: Take a seat please.

5.7 LISTENTING
Andy sits down and watches the office. It is a very big office with a long desk, a great
chair and a pair of couches. On the desk there is a desk top, some papers, a picture and
a telephone. After a moment, Mr. Blue comes in and sits down.

MR. BLUE: Well, Mr. Sanchez. Where are you from?

ANDY: I’m from Lima.

MR. BLUE: Where do you live?

ANDY: I live in Miraflores, Piura Street 597.

MR. BLUE: What is your telephone number?

ANDY: It’s 450-6488

MR. BLUE: What is your ID number?

ANDY: It’s 07669952

MR. BLUE: What is your complete name?

ANDY: Andy Sanchez Seskus.

MR. BLUE: How do you spell Seskus?

ANDY: S – E – S – K – U – S.

MR. BLUE: Where is it from?

ANDY: It’s from Lithuania.

MR. BLUE: Is your father Lithuanian?

ANDY: No, he isn’t. It was my grandfather.

MR. BLUE: Oh!

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LESSON 6
6.5 READING
Yuri Grey is an architect. He designs buildings and works with the engineer. Martin
Speck is an engineer. He helps the architect with the structure installations. They need
bricklayers to build their structures.

Robert Bram is an author. He writes books and short stories on two newspapers. He
works at home with a secretary who types everything he dictates. He also works with an
editor to publish his books.

Sam Stanford is Dean in a British University. He manages the Law Faculty. There are
more than a hundred professors. The students study law to be judges, or lawyers.

Betty Wilson is a doctor. She works at The Central Hospital. She takes care of people’s
health. Sandra Bay is a nurse. She helps Doctor Wilson at the Hospital. Dr. Wilson is a
surgeon. He operates people to help them.

SELF-ASSESSMENT UNIT 2
C: LISTENING
John is a student. He’s in English I. He’s from Huancayo. He lives in Calle Real 1556. His
friend Pedro lives in Huancayo, too. He’s in English VI. His class is in Room 405. His tea-
cher is Mr. Brown. John is in Room 203. His teacher is Miss Silva. His class begins at 4:30.

U N I T 3
LESSON 7

7.5 READING
Read and Listen to the dialog and answer the questions
Christy : Hello

Mother : Hello, Christy.

Christy : Oh, hi, Mom.

Mother : How are you?

Christy : I’m fine. Thanks.


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Mother : How’s your new apartment? Do you like it?

Christy : Yes, I do, it is nice.

Mother : Well, tell me about it. Is it big?

Christy : Yes, it is.

Mother : And what about furniture? Is there any furniture?

Christy : Yes, I have a desk and a bed in my room.

Mother : Would you like a table? I have an extra table at home.

Christy : No, thanks, Mom. Nelly has a table for the dining room.

Mother : Who’s Nelly?

Christy : She’s my roommate. She is Italian.

Mother : Good. I have some old chairs. Do you want them?

Christy : No, that’s fine. We have chairs.

Mother : Really?

Christy : Yes.

Mother : Can I go to see your apartment?

Christy : We don’t have any sofas.

Mother : What?

LESSON 8
8.5 READING
Circle all of the possessive nouns in the narrative below.
Today is the day. I’m very happy. My father will buy a new cell phone for me. Richard’s
cell phone is great! It takes excellent pictures. Martha’s cell phone is wonderful! It has
great sound. My dad’s smartphone has a long last battery. The teacher’s is the best! It
has a wireless charger and it recognizes his voice! But my friend’s cell phone is cheaper.

LESSON 9
9.5 LISTENING:
LISTEN AND WRITE TRUE OR FALSE
Terry receives a phone call from Charlie Brown. They are meeting at the National Art
Museum. Mr. Brown is giving a lecture about political science in two hours. He is Charlie’s
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father and is a famous Congress man. Terry and Charlie are sitting at the Cafeteria wai-
ting for the lecture. Charlie is a young man older than Terry. Terry is 21 and Charlie is 24.
Charlie is taller than Terry, but Terry is more handsome than Charlie. They are talking
about school days. They are engineers now, but Charlie is more successful than Harry.

SELF-ASSESSMENT UNIT 3
D. LISTENING: Listen and complete the text.

Shirley1) lives in Cali Colombia and she likes to 2) dance salsa. Salsa dancing may
seem 3) difficult, especially when it’s performed by master pairs and dance groups that
have spent years 4) perfecting their movement, coordination, and 5) speed. There
are a 6) number of dance academies and schools in Cali. Shirley and her sister Soledad
7) practice salsa in the academy. Soledad is 8) older than Shirley but Shirley dances
salsa 9) better than her sister. Actually she is the 10) best dancer in the Salsa Academy.

U N I T 4
LESSON 10

10.1 READING
Karl’s working at MGA.

He’s going to his office now.

He’s running. It’s late.

The sun is shining behind the building.

He’s looking at his watch.

Karl’s getting late.

DIALOG
SUSAN: Where’s Jimmy?
MARY: He is at the dining room.
SUSAN: What is he doing?
MARY: He’s climbing on the table.
SUSAN: Oh!...Jimmy!!!
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10.4 READING

10.5 LISTENING
JUAN: Mr. Gómez, what are you doing?

MR. GOMEZ: I’m working at the manager’s office.

JUAN: Are you preparing the reports?

MR. GOMEZ: Yes, I am. I’m reading the diagrams, too.

JUAN: Mr. Blue is looking for you.

MR. GOMEZ: O.K. I’m going to his office now.

JUAN: Good! Thank you.

MR. GOMEZ: You’re welcome.

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LESSON 11
11.4 THE RESUME AND COVER LETTER
A résumé or CV and a cover letter or covering letter, are important when you apply for
a job. Those documents are the first impression that the employer has of you.

The résumé shows all your studies and skills. It represents you before the job inter-
view. Therefore, it has to be attractive, informative, and persuasive to sell you as the
perfect candidate for the post.

The cover letter expresses why do you want to work in that specific entity, the expe-
rience and qualifications you have and any other skills that will help you perform the job.
The cover letter is always the first thing employers read before the CV.

11.6 LISTENING
Ann Brenner studies law and she is looking for a job. She is about to finish her studies
and this is the time to begin practicing. She is looking at the classified ads and finds
something interesting. A very important Law Firm in New York.

She is sending all the information required in her résumé and a cover letter to express
why she wants to work with them. She sends the CV and covering letter by email, and
waits for the answer.

A week later, Ann receives a telephone call to ask her to go to their offices for an in-
terview. She is very happy that they are calling her. She prepares carefully her clothing
and her papers the day before the appointment because she doesn’t want to be late.
She likes to be on time.

LESSON 12
12.5 READING
There are many interesting places to visit in any city. But I prefer to visit the museums.
There you can learn about the history, customs, and origin of the people who live there.

Some museums show the fauna and flora, others show machines, others pictures,
toys, books, stamps, and so forth. For example, in the United States are about 17,000
museums and almost 900 million people visit them each year.

Everywhere you go you can find History museums and historic houses. They are the
most common type of museums. Natural history museums display ecosystems and co-
llection of animals and things that do not exist anymore, only in a museum.
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Zoos are considered museums, where you find a large display of animals from all
around the world. Aquariums are specialized zoos to provide educational and recreatio-
nal experiences.

The largest museums in the world are also the most famous:

• Musee du Louvre Paris, France

• The Metropolitan Museum of Art New York, U.S.A.

• British Museum London, U.K.

• Tate Modern London, U.K.

• National Gallery London, U.K.

• Vatican Museums Vatican City

• National Palace Museum Taipei, Taiwan

• National Gallery of Art Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

• Centre Georges Pompidou Paris, France

• Musee d’Orsay Paris, France

12.7 LISTENING
LIVING TOGETHER

Living together
Growing together
Just being together
That’s how it starts
We loving hearts, oh!

Growing together
Working together
Just living together
That makes you strong
If things go wrong
We’ll still get along somehow
Living and growing
Together.

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INGLES I

It just gets worth


To build a house
Fill it with people
And you have a home
Fill it with love
And build into a group
It’s like a chain
Where stretch becomes a family
That:

Living together
Growing together
Just being together
That’s how it starts
We loving hearts, oh!

Growing together
Working together
Just living together
That makes you strong
If things go wrong

We’ll still get along somehow


Living and growing (just like we’re doing now)

SELF-ASSESSMENT UNIT 4
C: LISTENING:
It’s a rainy day. Sandra is going to the Restaurant. Tim is the waiter. Sandra is asking
for a hot chicken soup. Sandra’s soup is good. She’s asking for a glass of water. Tim’s
working hard. There’re a lot of people at the restaurant. There’s a little boy crying for his
milk. Tim’s running with the boy’s milk and Sandra’s glass of water. Oh, no! Tim’s on the
floor with the milk and the water! Poor Tim!

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PRONUNCIATION DRILLS
These exercises are prepared for you to practice English pronunciation through groups
of similar pronunciation. (minimal pair drills).

Sounds in English are divided in two groups: Voiced and voiceless. Those that sound
and those that do not sound.

VOICED VOICELESS
b p
d t
g k
v f
ð* Ɵ*
z s
Ʒ ʃ
m ʂ
ŋ h
y
r
w

NOTE: Vowels are considered voiced. They will be learned by groups.

*These sounds correspond to the combination “th”. There is a “voiced” th and a “voice-
less” th. The voiced th sounds almost like /d/, and the voiceless th are like the Spanish
“z”.

1. Voiced ð Voiceless Ɵ
These thank

They think

Those bath

Thy both

TONGUE

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Ahora las compararemos con otros sonidos similares.

2. /d/ / ð / 3. /t/ / Ɵ/
d’s these tank thank

day they tin thin

doze those bat bath

die thy boot booth

4. / Ɵ / /s/ 5. / ʃ / / ʂ/
thank sank sheep cheap

thin sin cash catch

think sink wash watch

bath bass show chow

6. /f/ /v/ 7. /s/ /z/

face vase seal zeal

life live (adjective) sing zing

leaf live (verb) ice eyes

half have rice rise

8. /b/ /v/ 9. /t/ /d/

boat vote toe doe

ban van try dry

base vase ten den

bat vat to do

berry very tie die

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10. /i/corta /iy/larga 11. /u/corta /uw/larga

ship sheep full fool

it eat pull pool

this these skull school

lip leap luck look

12. /p/ /b/ 13. /y/ /Ʒ/

Pat bat yak Jack

pen Ben yale jail

pill bill use juice

pie bye you jew

14. /k/ /g/ 15. /m/ /n/

coal goal sum sun

curl girl seem sin

Kate gate gum gun

clue glue rum run

16. /ǽ/ /ɔ/ /ə/ 17./ey/

cat cot cut late

cap cop cup make

sap sop sup take

rat rot rut rake

18. /r/ /l/ 19. /ʃ/ /Ʒ/

right light shack Jack

red led sham jam

reading leading sheep jeep

rooks looks shale jail

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20. /m/ /w/ 21. / Ɵ / /s/

may way thank sank

me we think sink

mine wine math mass

mate wait mouth mouse

22. /e/ 23./au/ 24. /ou/ /o/

chess cow boat bought

get hour hole hall

let house Joe jaw

met mouse loan lawn

25. /m/final /n/final /ŋ/final 26. /ay/

sum sun sung dry

tome tone tongue my

him win ring eye

ram ran rang buy

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