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ENGLISH ASSIGNMENT

The rapid development in the field of medical technology, especially surgery has
brought great benefits and advantages for human life. The discovery of
Laparoscopic surgical techniques or minimally invasive surgery, for example, has
started to replace the conventional techniques, except in certain cases.

Laparoscopy is a procedure to see the abdominal cavity through a telescope


inserted through the abdominal wall. Laparoscopic surgical procedures on using the
tools that are also inserted through the abdominal wall. Through a telescope, a
surgical procedure more clearly visible because it can be done better exposure in
the pelvis and the magnification effect of the telescope.

Laparoscopy, which is a big revolution in the field of surgery, is now being selected
for the procedure is simple and relatively short operation time and postoperative
recovery time is shorter than conventional. The size of the hole required for the
operation only approximately 0.5-1.5 centimeters, much smaller than the size of the
hole for conventional surgery. For this reason it is also called laparoscopic surgery
bandaid surgery or keyhole surgery.

This operation is also called minimally invasive, because part of the body is opened
with a slight incision alone. As a result, damage to body tissues and the amount of
bleeding can be minimized, patients can recover more quickly. In addition,
postoperative pain, complications of the intestinal peristalsis and surgical site
(wound infections or surgical wound opening) is also lower. Especially with regard to
recovery of intestinal peristalsis, laparoscopy allows this to occur more quickly given
the organs (intestines) need not be removed from the abdomen or held by a doctor.

Intestinal peristaltic more familiar are marked with postoperative flatulence, and
this is one sign of the improved function of the digestive tract. When noisy
intestines have been positive, the patient should immediately drink. Therefore, the
average after two days after laparoscopic surgery, patients return home.
Postoperative adhesions that can cause recurrent pain after surgery, bowel
obstruction and infertility are also more rare. Patients who have undergone major
surgery of any kind, the possibility of having sintering 20 to 40 percent. Only later
manifest will depend on the individual.

In cosmetic / aesthetic, laparoscopy is superior to laparotomy. Relative surgical scar


is not visible because of the small incision is made. The possibility of a keloid scar
on too minimal. Transmission of microbes is very minimal because there is no direct
contact between the patient's organs and operator's hand. As a result, the
possibility of postoperative infection can be minimized