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Volume 53, No.

5 February 2014
AT L A N TA , G A , U S A A S M E I N T E R NAT I O NA L G A S T U R B I N E I N S T I T U T E

Register Today for Turbo Expo 2014:


In this issue Keynote Speakers Announced
View From the Chair

48
A Special Thank You to Our
International Turbo Expo 2014 Sponsors!
Conferences Update

48
Student News
Event registration and housing reservations for Turbo Expo 2014 in Dsseldorf are now
49
available online at www.turboexpo.org!
Technical Article KEYNOTE SPEAKERS ANNOUNCED
49 Three leading figures in the industry Dr. Karsten Mhlenfeld of Rolls-Royce Deutschland, Dr.
Wolfgang Konrad of Siemens AG, and Charles Soothill of Alstom will speak in the opening
keynote session on June 16. The keynote speakers will examine a range of issues around the
As The Turbine Turns
theme Technology reduces life cycle cost.
50 Dr. Wolfgang Konrad is currently Head of the Gas Turbines Business Segment and the Gas
Turbine Plant Speaker of Operations Management at Siemens AG, Fossil Power Generation
Turbo Expo 2014 Division in Berlin. In 1992, Dr. Konrad received his Ph.D. in Mechanical & Aerospace
Engineering (MAE) from Princeton University and began his career at BMW Rolls Royce Aero
52 Engines GmbH in Munich and Berlin. In 2007, he became the CEO of MTU Maintenance
Berlin-Brandenburg GmbH and in 2010, the Chief Operating Officer of MT Aerospace AG,
Pre-Conference Augsburg. Dr. Konrad is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Fraunhofer Institute
Workshops of Production Systems and Design Technology (IPK).

52 Dr. Karsten Mhlenfeld is currently the Corporate Director of Engineering and Operations at
Rolls-Royce Deutschland. He is the EVP for Programmes, Engineering & Operations, and
Civil Small & Medium Engines at Rolls-Royce. Along with his many years with Rolls Royce, Dr.
Mhlenfelds past experience includes employment with Europrop International Madrid /
Munich and BMW Rolls-Royce AeroEngines GmbH. Dr. Mhlenfeld received his education
from The Technical University of Berlin, where he worked as a research assistant, obtaining a
CONFERENCE UPDATE
Ph.D. in Theoretical Mechanical Engineering/Vibration Engineering.

Dr. Charles Soothill is


currently the Senior Vice President of Technology at ALSTOM Power.
go.asme.org/IGTI He has been active in developing technologies for efficiency, fuel flexibility and emissions
Phone: +1-404-847-0072 reduction for over 25 years, and has contributed greatly to the growing importance of
Fax: +1-404-847-0151 sustainable global economic development pertaining to power generation. He is currently
Email: igti@asme.org a Member of the Management committee of Alstom Power Systems, Vice-Chairman of the
European Technology Platform on Zero Emissions Fossil Fuel Power Plants, and he led the
committee of the Vision for Europe and Strategic Research Agenda that has been used to
create the Framework 7 program.

GLOBAL GAS TURBINE NEWS FEBRUARY 2014 47


A SUPPLEMENT TO MECHANICAL ENGINEERING MAGAZINE

A VIEW FROM THE CHAIR By Karen Thole, Chair, ASME IGTI Board

It is my pleasure to provide you with an update of the activities of the India Conference held in Bangalore, India.
ASME IGTI community in this third letter for the Global Gas Turbine News. This group has organically grown the
conference from 150 people in 2012 to
By the time you are reading this, you will most likely have completed all the hard work over 360 people in 2013. ASME IGTI is
required for reviewing papers and, as authors, responding to the reviewers. The hours helping ASME to develop the gas turbine
spent on the 1450 papers submitted for review is staggering. While the review/writing community worldwide!
processes take an enormous amount of time and effort, it is essential to make sure
Next year marks ASME IGTIs 60th
the quality of our publications covering a range of topics related to gas turbines and
anniversary and will be a reason for all to
beyond is what has come to be expected for the Turbo Expo and for the Journal of
celebrate. If you have ideas on how we
Turbomachinery and Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power. We are
might commemorate this historic event,
fortunate to have a responsive community who takes pride in reviewing a wide range
we are looking for your input. We would
of papers even when the papers do not always have direct applicability to gas turbine
like to hear from you on ideas or on other
products. The ideas that are sparked through the exchange of information through both
thoughts you might have.
the Turbo Expo and the journals are extremely valuable.
I look forward to seeing you all in
And now we are expanding our valuable exchange of information to include a student
Dusseldorf. We are expecting record
poster session at the 2014 Turbo Expo in Dusseldorf. Our Student Advisory Committee
numbers and hope to provide you all with
has been busily organizing the poster session through the help of the ASME IGTI staff.
a rewarding experience. v
We believe this will give even more students the opportunity to communicate what they
have been doing in a rapid timeframe. Please be sure to put this poster session in your
planning for the 2014 Turbo Expo. We ask for your help in making sure our exhibition
also provides a venue for exchanging ideas. If you know of potential exhibitors, please be Karen Thole
sure to contact us on leads. As we all know, the exhibition provides a unique experience Board Chair
to those attending Turbo Expo.

In the last newsletter, you read about the successes of our efforts with the Organic
Rankine Cycle Conference in The Netherlands and the Turbine Blade Tip Symposium in
Germany. In early December, we received good news regarding the second Gas Turbine

CONFERENCE UPDATE This past December, the second annual ASME 2013 Gas
Turbine India Conference took place in Bangalore, India,
from December 5 - 6, 2013.
The ASME 2013 Gas Turbine India Conference was The inaugural address, which was presented by Dr. K.V.L. Rao, Technical
successfully held in Bangalore, Karnataka, India on Advisor, ADA, highlighted gas turbine engine technology initiatives from
December 5-6, 2013 at the CSIR-National Aerospace an Indian perspective. An exhibit floor was also open to attendees during
Laboratories. The ASME Gas Turbine Chapter of India, the conference featuring ANSYS, Numeca, Anecom, Springer, and Infraline
supported by ASME International Gas Turbine Institute Energy as the primary exhibitors. The sponsors for ASME 2013 Gas Turbine
(IGTI) provided over 360 attendees with a valuable
India Conference included GE, ANSYS, National Aerospace Laboratories,
conference experience in the beautiful city of Bangalore.
and Concepts NREC. Be sure to mark your calendar for the ASME 2014 Gas
The conference provided unique opportunities for
attendees to interact with leading industry experts Turbine India Conference. The 2014 conference will be held this December
in the region and to discuss the latest methods and in New Delhi, India. v
cutting-edge technology that are shaping the future of
turbomachinery. Throughout the conference, over 100 ASME 2014 Gas Turbine
papers were presented in nearly 115 technical sessions.
These sessions were divided into eight major tracks:
Compressors; Turbines; Combustion, Fuels & Emissions;
India Conference
Heat Transfer; Structures & Dynamics; Controls, The third annual ASME Gas Turbine
Diagnostics & Instrumentation; Renewable Energy; India Conference will be held in New
and Materials & Manufacturing. In addition, several Delhi next December. Be sure to mark
workshops were held at ASME 2013 Gas Turbine India your calendars to attend the next
which hosted over 40 attendees. edition of this exciting conference!

GLOBAL GAS TURBINE NEWS FEBRUARY 2014 48


Student News ASME IGTI, Atlanta, GA

The ASME International Gas Turbine Institute is announcing the first ever Student travel awards to selected applicants.
Poster Session to take place at ASME Turbo Expo 2014. The nominee must have completed the
research to be presented at the Turbo
Undergraduate and graduate students are invited to participate by submitting a poster
Expo while seeking a degree at a university.
for display in the ASME Turbo Expo 2014 Exhibit Hall. Two 500 checks will be awarded
When the application for the travel award
at the conclusion of the poster session. The first 500 check will be given to the best
is made, the applicant may be a student,
poster in the undergraduate student category. The second 500 check will be given
post-doc, or practicing engineer. If the
to the best poster in the graduate student category. All posters will be reviewed and
applicant is a post-doc or practicing
approved through an abstract submission process
engineer, he/she must be within two years
Poster Abstracts due March 1, 2014 of having completed his/her degree at the
time the paper is presented at Turbo Expo.
Be sure to mark your calendars for the poster abstract deadline on March 1, 2014. Please
The research to be presented must have
monitor the go.asme.org/IGTI website for announcements regarding the new Student
been completed while seeking a degree.
Poster Session. All students interested must be prepared to submit a short biography
and verification of enrollment at their University.

The SAC encourages students to participate in the ASME-IGTI Student Advisory


Committee and will be advertising more details about ASME Turbo Expo 2014 soon.
ASME Turbo Expo hosts well over 300 graduate and undergraduate students who present
research findings, attend tutorials, visit the exhibition, and network with professionals.

Young Engineer Travel Award


Nomination deadline for Turbo Expo 2014 - March 1, 2014.
Attending Turbo Expo to present research findings is an effective strategy for encouraging
Young Engineer Travel Award Winners
students and early career engineers to work in the turbomachinery area and to become
Accepting their awards at ASME Turbo
engaged in ASME IGTI activities. Funds for travel and registration are not always available
Expo 2013 in San Antonio, Texas. Visit
and, as such, the ASME IGTI Board has instituted travel awards for attending Turbo Expo.
go.asme.org/IGTI for more information
Annually, ASME IGTI will set aside $30,000 for providing a maximum $2,000 each for and to apply.

Technical Article Andrea Maria Ferrari, Anna Paraboschi, DAppolonia SpA


Stefano Barberis, Matteo Porta Alberto Nicola Traverso, Alberto Traverso University of Genoa - DIME

Thermal Storage for Solar Hybridized Gas Turbines


CSP TECHNOLOGY
Among renewable technologies, Concentrated Solar Power
(CSP) plants are seen as an attractive option to reduce
pollutants and the emission of greenhouses gases (e.g. CO2)
not only for the United States regions of the Sun Belt (where
CSP plants are in commercial use for more than 20 years [1]),
but also for European Union, North Africa and Middle East.

CSP technologies are based on the concept of concentrating


solar radiation to be used for electricity generation within
conventional power cycles using steam turbines (most mature Figure 1: Solar Hybrid Combined Cycle plant. Test rig layout
and common technology, gas turbines or Stirling engines). (patent pending) with charging (green arrows) /
discharging (red arrows) phases.
CSP Solar tower plants can achieve high operating
temperatures of over 1000 C, enabling them to produce hot
THE IMPORTANCE OF STORAGE
air for gas turbine operation. Solarized hybrid Gas Turbines
can be used in combined cycles, composing a Solar Hybrid Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) is achieving a growing penetration
Combined Cycle yielding conversion efficiencies of more than into global electricity markets. It has long been recognized that the
50 % (fig.1), this being a leap in performance for solar energy possibility for integration of Thermal Energy Storage (TES) is one of
conversion.
...Continued on p. 51

GLOBAL GAS TURBINE NEWS FEBRUARY 2014 49


A SUPPLEMENT TO MECHANICAL ENGINEERING MAGAZINE

AS THE TURBINE TURNS...


By Dr. Lee S. Langston, Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering, University of Connecticut

Avian Avoidance and Aviation The crew, led by Capt. Chesley B. Sully
Sullenberger, then glided the crippled
A320 onto the Hudson River, successfully
As many of us in the aircraft gas turbine industry know, birds in flight ditching the aircraft with no loss of life.
and operating jet engines do not always get along together (1). (Passengers around the world can now
have confidence that in an emergency
water landing, an aircraft can float for a
critically important length of time!)

In a recent interview for National


Geographic Daily News (2), Sullenberger
says, What happened to us, could
happen again tomorrow.

Birdstrike Panel
At TURBO EXPO 13 in San Antonio last
June, Dr. Aspi Wadia of GE Aviation and I
co-chaired a three-hour panel, Jet Engine
Bird Ingestion - Current Issues and Ways
Forward.

Our lead-off panelist was Capt. Paul


Eschenfelder, a retired Delta Airlines pilot,
now with Embry-Riddle Aeronautical
University, who gave an overall review
of recent birdstrike accidents around the
world. He went over gaps in birdstrike
mitigation regulations and emphasized
the lack of a systematic approach to this
problem. Example: You are a pilot of an
airliner, with 300 passengers sitting behind
you, all waiting for you to take off. The
control tower informs you are clear to take
off - and adds the general warning there
are birds at the end of the runway. What
do you do?
Figure 1 U.S Birds Struck by Aircraft by Year -John Tomanio, Kelsey Capt. Eschenfelders example is buttressed
Nowakowski, NG Staff; Source: FAA
by a similar recent remark by Capt.
An unforgettable example of such an incompatibility was the remarkable Miracle on Sullenberger (2) on such a general
the Hudson. On January 15, 2009, US Airways Flight 1549, an Airbus 320 with 150 warning: But thats like saying, Be
passengers, was taking off from New Yorks La Guardia Airport, bound for Charlotte, careful out there! Its not useful. Its not
North Carolina. About 3 minutes from take off at about 2800 ft. attitude, it struck a effective.
flock of migratory (not resident) Canada geese, just northeast of the Hudson Rivers
George Washington Bridge. Panelist John Dalton, who is a Technical
Fellow in Airplane Safety Engineering for
Both of the A320s CFM International CFM 56 engines ingested several of the geese Boeing gave the airframe OEM history
(which can weigh up to 14 pounds (6.5 kg)). The ingested geese not only damaged and view of the birdstrike problem. He
engine fans, but also impacted high and low pressure compressors, combustors and discussed Boeings birdstrike design
turbines, causing a near-total loss of thrust in both engines.
...Continued on p. 54

GLOBAL GAS TURBINE NEWS FEBRUARY 2014 50


Technical Article ...Continued from p. 49

the key advantages of CSP over other forms of renewable energy. In fact, TES allows DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE
excess solar energy to be harnessed from the Central Receiver System (CRS) during the
Before installation, the new testrig and
daytime and stored, as thermal energy, for periods of insufficient solar supply, such as
the layout concept was modelled in the
in cloudy hours or at night. In this way, the output of a CSP plant becomes dispatchable,
TRANSEO [4] simulation tool developed
allowing it to supply controllable power on demand to consumers.
at TPG for dynamic and control analysis
TES technologies are important to accelerate market penetration of CSP plants, of gas turbine based energy systems
overcoming the limitation due to the intermittence of the solar source. (simulation results are being presented
at ASME TurboExpo 2014 [5] for a 12MW
THE TEST RIG class gas turbine).
Brayton cycle integrated with CSP preheating and TES system is under study by various In the test rig, as design specification,
research institutes (e.g. DOE and DLR [1], [2],[3]), but a power block over 1 MW has not the temperature in the low layer of the
yet arrived at an experimental stage. regenerator (cold side), near the three-
The TPG (Thermochemical Power Group www.tpg.unige.it) of the University of Genoa, way valves, should not exceed 450C.
in collaboration with DAppolonia SpA, is developing an innovative layout and control The temperature in top layer of the
scheme to avoid the need for any high temperature valves, thus featuring lower costs and regenerator (hot side) should be higher
higher reliability, demonstrating it at laboratory scale. than 650C before starting the discharging
of the storage.
The TES is made by five ceramic honeycomb modules (fig.1), and it is being integrated
with a slip stream from the 100 kW mGT already present on site (fig.2), while the solar ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
input will be physically simulated with electric heaters.
The European project RESILIENT is greatly
acknowledged for partially financing this
Figure 2 activity.

The Authors wish to thank Matteo


Campodonico and Alessandro Spoladore,
graduate students of University of Genoa,
for their contribution to this research
activity.

The authors wish to acknowledge TENOVA


SpA for their contribution in selecting the
high temperature storage technology and
The microturbine test rig being modified for solar hybridization and storage
supplier. v
The resulting layout requires no high-temperature valve (800-900C). Moreover, only
one regulating three-way valve (2) and one on/off three-way valve (3) are needed. This REFERENCES
result is achieved using the high-T orifice, which is a calibrated flange with a desired Concentrating Solar Power: Energy from
pressure drop. Mirrors, National Renewable Energy
Laboratory (NREL), March 2001, available in PDF
Indeed, the three-way valves are subject to the compressor outlet temperature, at which at: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy01osti/28751.
pdf, last access 29/10/2013.
conventional materials can be employed. In this respect, the bottom segment between
the compressor and the combustor is called the cold side of the plant, while the top Wolf-Dieter Steinmann, 2013, System Analysis
and Testloop Design for the CellFlux Storage
segment is called the hot side (800-900C). Concept, SolarPACES 2013 Proceedings, Las
Vegas, USA, September.
Such a concept promises low cost and high reliability, despite introducing permanent
pressure losses due to high-T orifice. K.M. Powell, T.F.Edgar, 2012 , Modeling
and Control of a Solar Thermal Power Plant
Charging and discharging phases of the TES are regulated thanks to three-way valves with Thermal Energy Storage, Chemical
Engineering Science, vol.71, March 2012
(valve 2 and 3) and a control based on temperature and mass flow thresholds. This
system is capable of storing a portion of the solar heat collected by the CRS, so it can be A. Traverso, 2005, TRANSEO Code For The
Dynamic Performance Simulation of Micro Gas
used to preheat the air between the compressor outlet and the combustor inlet, like a Turbine Cycles, ASME Paper GT2005-68101.
recuperative cycle.
D.Lima, S.Barberis, A.Traverso, A.F. Massardo
Along the storage medium inside the regenerator it is desirable to have a steep Dynamic Analysis of Concentrated Solar
Hybridised Gas Turbine, ASME Paper GT2014-
temperature gradient between the hot side and the cold side of the plant. So, two 25225 (submitted).
threshold temperatures, a low and a high one, can be defined to manage the switch
between the charging and discharging phases.
GLOBAL GAS TURBINE NEWS FEBRUARY 2014 51
A SUPPLEMENT TO MECHANICAL ENGINEERING MAGAZINE

Pre-Conference Training Workshops


Gas Turbine Component Life Prediction and Life
Cycle Management
Saturday, June 14, 2014 CCD Congress Center
Dsseldorf, Germany

Welcome to Dsseldorf ! This intensive one day workshop offered by Life


Prediction Technologies Inc. (LPTi) is designed
primarily for mechanical and industrial engineers
Dsseldorf is the capital city of the German state of North engaged in the design, operation, maintenance and
Rhine-Westphalia and center of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan overhaul of gas turbine engines and other types of
region. It presents itself to its visitors as elegant and welcoming: turbomachinery. The focus will be on factors affecting
unique museums and galleries, many different places to the deterioration of engine components and on ways
of ensuring the continued safe operation of life-
shop, an excellent selection of restaurants and cafs and a
limited components. The modes and rates of damage
variety of opportunities for taking a stroll and much more. accumulation, and hence life, are intimately related to
Why not join in the fun thats part of the Rhine regions make- operating conditions of engine speed, temperature,
up Dsseldorf at any time of the year is always worth a trip! and gaseous environment as well as the materials
used in component fabrication. The course will enable
the attendees to become better acquainted with the
life prediction procedures and latest developments in
the life cycle management of aging engines.
Earn 7 Professional Development Hours (PDHs)
and receive a certificate of completion!
Instructor: Ashok Koul, Ph.D, P.Eng., FASM, Life
Prediction Technologies ,Inc.

Now in its 59th year, ASME Turbo Expo is recognized as the must Primer on Gas Turbine Power Augmentation
attend event for turbomachinery professionals. Saturday, June 14, 2014 - CCD Congress Center
Dsseldorf, Germany
The technical conference has a well-earned reputation for bringing together the best
A comprehensive overview covering analytical,
and brightest experts from around the world to share the latest in turbine technology,
experimental, and practical aspects of the available gas
research and development, and application in the following topic areas: gas turbines, turbine power augmentation technologies including
steam turbines, wind turbines, fans & blowers, solar Brayton & Rankine cycle and a systematic approach of selecting a suitable power
supercritical CO2. Turbo Expo offers unrivaled networking opportunities with a augmentation technology for a given application
dedicated and diverse trade show floor. The 3-day exhibition attracts the industrys is provided. Importance of CFD analysis in case of
specific technology is included. Case studies of actual
leading professionals and key decision makers, whose innovation and expertise are
implementation of discussed power augmentation
helping to shape the future of the turbomachinery industry. technologies and lessons learned from these
applications are included in the course. A significance
Plan now to join over 2,500 turbomachinery colleagues from around the world at
of techno-economic evaluation and weather data
ASME Turbo Expo, ASMEs premier turbine technical conference and exposition, set analysis while selecting a suitable augmentation
for June 16-20, 2014, in Dsseldorf, at the CCD Congress Center Dsseldorf. technology is discussed using a practical case. Gas
turbine manufacturers activities related to power
Exposition and Sponsorship Opportunities augmentation technology are discussed.
ASME Turbo Expo delegates represent an impressive array of segments from Earn 7 Professional Development Hours (PDHs)
throughout the turbomachinery community with major influence on developing and receive a certificate of completion!
trends and products. This is your chance to attract new clients, visit with current ones, Instructors: Dr. Rakesh Bhargava, Independent
learn more about the changing needs of the international turbomachinery industry - Consultant; Dr. Mustapha Chaker, Bechtel Corporation
and ultimately, increase your sales.
Wind Turbine Blade: Design, Certification and
Exposition space is available. Contact us today to secure your location on the show floor.
Simulation
Saturday, June 14, 2014 - CCD Congress Center
ASME Turbo Expo 2014 Sponsorship Opportunities
Dsseldorf, Germany
Platinum 20,000 Gold 15,000 Silver 10,000 Bronze 5,000
This workshop will address Wind Turbine Blade Design:
Other sponsorship opportunities are available to meet your budget. Featuring a Practices, Challenges and Future Developments; Wind
variety of sponsorship opportunities designed to maximize your companys visibility, Turbine Blade Certification: Walk-through of the IEC
the ASME Turbo Expo sponsorship program provides even more ways to stand out 61400 certification process; and Wind Turbine Blade
Design and Simulation: Overview of blade design
from the crowd and make the most of your budget. Plan now to join over 2,500
tools and introduction to aeroelastic load simulations
turbomachinery colleagues from around the world at ASME Turbo Expo, ASMEs and design loads for wind turbine certification. After
premier gas turbine technical conference and exposition, set for June 16-20, 2014, in completing the course, the participants should gain
Dsseldorf, at the CCD Congress Center Dsseldorf v ...Continued on p. 53
GLOBAL GAS TURBINE NEWS FEBRUARY 2014 52
...Continued from p. 52

ASME TURBO EXPO 2014 Pre-Conference Training Workshops


The 2014 Pre-Conference Workshops will take place from June 14-15 at the CCD Congress Center Dsseldorf.
insight of improved knowledge about theoretical approaches employed in aerodynamic design of wind turbine blades; knowledge about current state
of the art in design codes; appreciation of design & operation challenges of current wind turbine aerodynamic designs; and knowledge about the state
of research in wind turbine aerodynamic design. Each registered participant will receive the Wind Turbine Technology: Fundamental Concepts in Wind
Turbine Engineering, Second Edition book, a $199 value.
Earn 7.5 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) and receive a certificate of completion!
Instructors: Dr. George Pechlivanoglou & Dr. Guido Weinzierl, SMART BLADE GmbH

Introduction to Optimization Methods and Tools for Multidisciplinary Design in Turbomachiney


Saturday & Sunday, June 14 & 15, 2014 - CCD Congress Center Dsseldorf, Germany
Modern innovative designs with higher loads and more compact configurations increasingly call for a concurrent design procedure to take into
account interactions among multi-components and multi-disciplines at the same time. Innovative optimization methods are now rapidly moving from
research labs to industrial real and virtual platforms and intend to provide novel and innovative design solutions in a reduced time to market. This
workshop intends to provide the basic concepts and tools behind this technology. After completing the course the participants should have a global
understanding of different optimization techniques; understand the adjoint method and differential evolution techniques through industrial relevant
applications; understand the technical and non-technical barriers to a routine use of optimization techniques and appreciate why these techniques
are important; and identify pitfalls and have notions on how to efficiently parameterize various turbomachinery components through many examples.
Earn 14 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) and receive a certificate of completion!
Instructors: Professor L. He, Oxford University; Dr Shahrokh Shahpa, Rolls-Royce; Dr. Tom Verstraete,Von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics

Gas Turbine Aerothermodynamics and Performance Calculations


Saturday & Sunday, June 14 & 15, 2014 - CCD Congress Center Dsseldorf, Germany
This interactive course provides review and reinforcement of relevant thermodynamic and aerodynamic concepts as applied to gas turbine engines, and
introduces performance calculation methods of both aircraft engine and power generation gas turbines. The course emphasizes fundamentals which
will be helpful for the practicing engineer but is not designed to review industrial practices which are usually proprietary. The acquired knowledge and
problem solving opportunity will enhance the participants ability to excel in various assignments in gas turbine design, development, and application.
Participants will work out typical problems in the class during recitation sessions facilitated by the instructor. The course material has been evaluated
by the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering of North Carolina State University. After completing the course the participants should
be able to apply aerothermodynamic concepts to the analysis of gas turbine engines; analyze turbomachinery velocity diagrams and relate those to
thermodynamic parameters; appreciate the usefulness of the degree of reaction and the radial equilibrium equation; comprehend the discipline of
operability and combustor characteristics; analyze cycle analysis problems in class on integrating the component performances to get the overall engine
performance. Problems include both aircraft engine and shaft power cycles; and comprehend: The method of sizing the critical flow path areas at the
design point; method of satisfying conservation laws to achieve cycle balance at off-design; technique of the multivariable solver used in cycle models;
and various engine cycles in the power generation field. Special Notation: Participants are required to bring a scientific calculator to the class.
Earn 14 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) and receive a certificate of completion!
Instructor: Syed J. Khalid, Chief, Multidisciplinary Functional Integration, Parametric Solutions Inc.

Metal Temperature Measurement in Turbomachinery


Sunday, June 15, 2014 - CCD Congress Center Dsseldorf, Germany (please note that this is a day course)
This course is targeted to engineers who have an invested interest in understanding the range of technologies available for temperature measurements
in turbomachinery leading to analytical model verification and the relative costs and benefits. Discussions will include temperature measurement in the
harsh turbine engine environment with a specific focus on the advantages and challenges of practical applications of a successful but relatively new
technology crystal temperature sensors. Objectives include a general overview of available technologies for metal temperature measurement in real
engine conditions, practical considerations for the selection of particular methods, understanding of crystal temperature sensor technology and its
applications, shared learning real life benefits and challenges based on 10 years of field experience with crystal temperature sensor applications, gap
matrix for temperature measurement in turbomachinery based on current needs and coming developments, and potential development directions for
crystal temperature sensor technology to meet future challenges.
Earn 4.5 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) and receive a certificate of completion!
Instructors: Anastasia Thomas & Lev Ginzbursky , LG Tech-Link

Gas Turbine Coating Technologies and Applications


Sunday, June 15, 2014 - CCD Congress Center Dsseldorf, Germany
Gas turbines rely on various coatings to improve the functionality and durability of components. In fact many modern gas turbines could not safely
operate without the application of specialized coatings. Coating materials, deposition processes, characterization and serviceability will be discussed.
Several cases studies will be presented to show the design and analysis in action.
Earn 7 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) and receive a certificate of completion!
Instructors: Doug Nagy, Liburdi Turbine Services; Xiao Huang, Carleton University
For more information about ASME-IGTI Courses, please visit:
...More Pre-Conference Workshops listed on p. 54 http://www.asmeconferences.org/TE2014//

GLOBAL GAS TURBINE NEWS FEBRUARY 2014 53


A SUPPLEMENT TO MECHANICAL ENGINEERING MAGAZINE

As the Turbine Turns... ...Continued from p. 50

requirements and the companys flight crew guidance on strategies for prevention of participants are focused in their particular areas
birdstrike events. of expertise.
Les McVey, the panel member representing an engine OEM perspective. is GE What might be called for is an approach that
Aviations Flight Safety Investigator. He pointed out the view of an engine acting uses a avian behavioral trait, or a mechanism
as a giant vacuum cleaner, sucking in birds willy nilly, is a popular misconception. or device that makes birds want to stay away
Bird ingestion occurs when there is a bird - engine flight path alignment. McVey from an aircraft or at least avoid the airspace
reviewed GEs birdstrike history and the tests necessary to meet regulatory engine around an airport. A tangential example of
performance requirements. this approach has occurred at the two lakes we
have at the Storrs campus of the University of
The panels fourth member was Dr. Nicholas Carter who is Director of Finance for the
Connecticut. For years, these small lakes have
World Birdstrike Association (WBA). Carter explained the role of the WBA, which is
been populated by large flocks of Canada geese
the international body that represents all states and countries in issues related to bird
that foul the lakes and the lake shores. Recently,
hazards at airfields and airports.
thin barely visible wires have been strung near
Professor Emeritus Edwin Herricks from the University of Illinois (Urbana) was the fifth the shores, about 1-2 feet above water level.
and last panel member. Herricks works with the US Federal Aviation Administration The result is that the geese have disappeared,
(FAA) on bird detection at airports. He reviewed the state of avian radars at airports presumably not wanting to run the risk of hitting
and the use of other bird surveillance technologies. His general view was that current the wires, on landing or takeoff.
avian radar systems still pick up too much noise to accurately assess possible birdstrike
I could envision a call for proposals for such
dangers. He expresses this same view in the recent National Geographic article (2).
inventive birdstrike solutions from DODs
In the latter, an Israeli birdstrike researcher, Yossi Leshem, voiced a more positive view
Defense Advanced Research Project Agency
on the use of avian radar.
(DARPA). DARPA, responsible for funding
In summary, both Co-Chair Wadia and I felt that the panel gave the IGTI audience projects that resulted in GPS systems, the Internet
a good overview of the current state of dealing with jet engine bird ingestion. and many other far-out ideas, certainly has a
Unfortunately neither FAA regulatory personnel nor airport wildlife control experts track record that might yield a new approach to
were able to participate as panel members. the avoidance of aviation birdstrikes. v
References
A Different Approach (?) Langston, Lee S., 2012, Birds and Jet Engines,
As a non-expert on birdstrike issues I am struck by the level of activity devoted to Global Gas Turbine News, December, p. 51.
this important problem. As the FAA data presented in Fig. 1 shows, on the order Uhlfelder, Eric, 2013, Bloody Skies: The Fight to
of 10,000 birdstrikes currently occur in the US each year, with the data indicating a Reduce Deadly Bird-Plane Collusions, National
continued increase. Geographic Daily News, November 7, pp. 1-23.
My impression from our panel is that approaches to solve birdstrike issues are Lee Langston is former edi-
rather fragmented. OEMs are intent on meeting regulatory requirements and other tor of the ASME Journal of En-
gineering for Gas Turbines and
Power and has served on the

ASME TURBO EXPO 2014 Pre-Conference Training Workshops


ASME IGTI Board as both Chair
and Treasurer.

Introduction to Industrial Gas Turbine Operation & Maintenance ...Continued from p. 53


Sunday, June 15, 2014 - CCD Congress Center Dsseldorf, Germany
This workshop will familiarize people from all aspects of the gas turbine academic, manufacturing and after market segments of the GT business on an
introductory level. The objective of this training workshop is to improve the students total understanding of the starting & operation of gas turbines and
the lifetime effects on maintenance & parts replacement. Earn 7 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) and receive a certificate of completion!
Instructor: Ron Natole, NATOLE TURBINE ENTERPRISES (NTE)
For more information about ASME-IGTI Courses, please visit:
Nonisentropic Compressible Flows in Gas Turbine Design http://www.asmeconferences.org/TE2014//
Sunday, June 15, 2014 - CCD Congress Center Dsseldorf, Germany
Nonisentropic compressible flows are ubiquitous in gas turbines in their inlet systems, compressors, combustors, turbines, and the exhaust systems. They are,
however, generally counter-intuitive. For example, it defies common sense that the wall friction accelerates a subsonic compressible flow in a constant-area
duct with or without heating. This workshop will provide a comprehensive review and reinforcement of the key concepts of one-dimensional compressible
flows with area change, friction, heat transfer, and rotation. These nonisentropic flows form the basis for the physics-based design of various gas turbine
components, particularly in their preliminary/conceptual design phases. After completing the course the participants will develop a unique insight into
the basic theory and concepts of isentropic and nonisentropic compressible flows, including the coupled effects of friction, heat transfer, and rotation; will
develop a strong foundation in the physics-based design of various gas turbine components; will be more knowledgeable in developing physics-based
compressible flow models and applying accurate boundary conditions; will be more knowledgeable in correctly interpreting results of their compressible
flow design analyses; will develop skills to hand-calculate compressible flow results to perform sanity-checks of predictions by design tools as well as validate
these tools during their development; and will improve their engineering productivity with reduced design cycle time.
Earn 7 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) and receive a certificate of completion!
Instructor: Dr. Bijay (BJ) K. Sultanian, PE, MBA, Siemens
GLOBAL GAS TURBINE NEWS FEBRUARY 2014 54