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AS/NZS 1365:1996 Tolerances for flat-rolled steel products

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Tolerances for flat-rolled steel
Australian/New Zealand Standard
AS/NZS 1365:1996
AS/NZS 1365:1996

This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical


Committee MT/1, Iron and Steel. It was approved on behalf of the Council of
Standards Australia on 22 March 1996 and on behalf of the Council of Standards
New Zealand on 19 March 1996. It was published on 6 June 1996.

The following interests are represented on Committee MT/1:


Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Australian Chamber of Manufactures
Australian Foundry Institute
Australian Institute of Steel Construction
Bureau of Steel Manufacturers of Australia
Department of Defence, Australia
Institute of Metals and Materials Australasia
Metal Trades Industry Association of Australia
Railways of Australia Committee
Society of Automotive Engineers, Australasia
Additional interests participating in preparation of Standard:
Tube manufacturers

Review of Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Joint Australian/


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This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 94446.

Originated in Australia as AS 13651973.


Previous edition AS 1365 1986.
Jointly revised and designated AS/NZS 1365:1996.

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AS/NZS 1365:1996

Australian/New Zealand Standard

Tolerances for flat-rolled steel


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products

PUBLISHED JOINTLY BY:

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA
1 The Crescent,
Homebush NSW 2140 Australia
STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND
Level 10, Standards House,
155 The Terrace,
Wellington 6001 New Zealand
ISBN 0 7337 0511 1
AS / NZS 1365:1996 2

PREFACE

This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia / Standards New Zealand
Committee MT/1, Iron and Steel, to supersede AS 1365 1986.
The objective of this Standard is to specify dimensional tolerances for flat-rolled steel
products excluding stainless and heat-treated steels. The 1986 edition was amended in
September 1992 to alter the width tolerances of untrimmed plate and floorplate.
This Standard gives an option of two classes of tolerance (A and B) for plate and strip
rolled on a continuous mill, and for cold-rolled sheet and strip. These classes apply to
flatness on hot-rolled product and to thickness, flatness, width and length on cold-rolled
sheet and strip. The tighter Class B tolerances should only be specified in cases where the
product requires stringent tolerance control.
In the preparation of this Standard cognizance was taken of the following International
Standards:
ISO
3573:1986 Hot-rolled carbon steel sheet of commercial and drawing qualities
3574:1986 Cold-reduced carbon steel sheet of commercial and drawing qualities
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4960:1986 Cold-reduced carbon steel strip with a carbon content over 0.25%
4995:1993 Hot-rolled steel sheet of structural quality
4996:1991 Hot-rolled steel sheet of high yield stress structural quality
4997:1991 Cold-reduced steel sheet of structural quality
5001:1993 Cold-reduced carbon steel sheet for vitreous enamelling
5951:1993 Hot-rolled steel sheet of higher yield strength with improved formability
6316:1993 Hot-rolled steel strip of structural quality
6317:1982 Hot-rolled carbon steel strip of commercial and drawing qualities
6932:1986 Cold-reduced carbon steel strip with a maximum carbon content of 0.25%
7452:1984 Hot-rolled structural steel plates Tolerances on dimensions and shape
9034:1987 Hot-rolled structural steel wide flats Tolerances on dimensions and shape

All of these International Standards, except ISO 7452 and ISO 9034, specify general
properties in addition to dimensional tolerances, for various types of flat-rolled steel
products. The Standards ISO 7452 and ISO 9034 specifically cover dimensional tolerances
for hot-rolled structural steel plates and wide flats but are not applicable to thicknesses
below 3 mm and 4 mm respectively.
Australian/New Zealand industry considers that there are considerable advantages in
having requirements for dimensional tolerances for all types of flat-rolled steel products in
the one Standard.
In this edition steepness ratio is included as an alternative method for expressing flatness
and a method for measuring out-of-squareness is specified.
The terms normative and informative have been used in this Standard to define the
application of the appendix to which they apply. A normative appendix is an integral
part of a Standard, whereas an informative appendix is only for information and
guidance.
3 AS / NZS 1365:1996

CONTENTS
Page
SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. ... ........ 4
1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......... ... .. . 4
1.3 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ... ... .. ..... 4
1.4 MEASUREMENT OF FLATNESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ ... 5
1.5 MEASUREMENT OF EDGE CAMBER . . . . . . . . . . . ... ............ 5
1.6 MEASUREMENT OF OUT-OF -SQUARENESS . . . . . .. .. .. ... ...... 5
1.7 ROUNDING OF TEST RESULT VALUES . . . . . . . . . .. ... .......... 5

SECTION 2 WIDE SLABS


2.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... ... .. .. .. .. ... ........ 8
2.2 THICKNESS TOLERANCES . . . . . . . .. .. ... .. .. .. .. ... .. ... .. . 8
2.3 WIDTH TOLERANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. ... .. .. .. .. ... .. .. .. .. 8
2.4 LENGTH TOLERANCE . . . . . . . . . . . ... . ... .. .. .. .. . .. . .. .. .. . 8
2.5 EDGE CAMBER TOLERANCE . . . . . .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. ... .... ... . 8
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SECTION 3 PLATE AND FLOORPLATE ROLLED ON A REVERSING MILL


3.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.2 THICKNESS TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.3 WIDTH TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.4 LENGTH TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.5 FLATNESS TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.6 EDGE CAMBER TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.7 OUT-OF-SQUARE TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

SECTION 4 HOT-ROLLED PLATE, FLOORPLATE, SHEET AND STRIP,


ROLLED ON A CONTINUOUS MILL
4.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.2 THICKNESS TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.3 WIDTH TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.4 LENGTH TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.5 FLATNESS TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.6 EDGE CAMBER TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.7 OUT-OF-SQUARE TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

SECTION 5 COLD-ROLLED SHEET AND STRIP


5.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. ... ........ 15
5.2 THICKNESS TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. ... .. ... .. . 15
5.3 WIDTH TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . .. .. .. . 15
5.4 LENGTH TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. 15
5.5 FLATNESS TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. ... . ... .. .. 15
5.6 EDGE CAMBER TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. ... ..... ... 15
5.7 OUT-OF-SQUARE TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. ... ...... .. 15

APPENDICES
A STEEPNESS RATIO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
B FACTORS INFLUENCING THE FLATNESS OF CONTINUOUS
MILL PRODUCT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
AS / NZS 1365:1996 4

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/ STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND

Australian/New Zealand Standard


Tolerances for flat-rolled steel products

S E C T I O N 1 S CO P E A N D G E NE R A L

1.1 SCOPE This Standard specifies dimensional tolerances for flat-rolled steels
(uncoated, metallic-coated or organic-coated), other than stainless, high alloy and
quenched and tempered steels, as follows:
(a) Wide slabs.
(b) Plate and floorplate rolled on a reversing mill.
(c) Hot-rolled plate, floorplate, sheet and strip rolled on a continuous mill.
(d) Cold-rolled sheet and strip.
For coated products, thickness tolerances apply to the base metal only.
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NOTE: Widths and thicknesses given in tables do not necessarily indicate availability in
Australia or New Zealand, and enquiries in this regard should be directed to suppliers.

1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENT The following document is referred to in this


Standard:
AS
2706 Numerical values Rounding and interpretation of limiting values

1.3 DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this Standard, the definitions below apply.
1.3.1 Cold-rolled sheet a cold-rolled product of any width or thickness, supplied in
cut lengths. Edges are either trimmed or untrimmed.
1.3.2 Edge camber the deviation of an edge from a straight line forming a chord to it.
1.3.3 Edge conditions
1.3.3.1 Trimmed edge the edge produced by the removal of material by mechanical
means or gas cutting. Also referred to as sheared or slit edge.
1.3.3.2 Untrimmed edge the edge produced by rolling between horizontal rolls, with or
without vertical edging rolls. Also referred to as mill or universal edge.
1.3.4 Floorplate a hot-rolled product 600 mm or greater in width, supplied in cut
lengths or in coils, having a rolled raised pattern at regular intervals on one surface.
Edges are either trimmed or untrimmed.
NOTE: Floorplate is produced by either of the following processes:
(a) Rolling through a continuous mill to produce coils, or cut lengths from coil, having a
nominal thickness equal to or greater than 2 mm.
(b) Cutting from a parent plate, which is the product of a slab rolled through a reversing mill,
and which has a nominal thickness greater than 4.50 mm.
1.3.5 Hot-rolled sheet a hot-rolled product supplied in cut lengths produced from a
coil rolled on a continuous mill. The width is equal to or greater than 600 mm and the
nominal thickness less than 3 mm. Edges are either trimmed or untrimmed.

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5 AS / NZS 1365:1996

1.3.6 Longitudinal direction the direction of greatest extension of the steel during
rolling.
1.3.7 Plate a hot-rolled product 600 mm or greater in width, supplied in cut lengths.
Edges are either trimmed or untrimmed.
NOTE: Cut-lengths are produced from either of the following plate sources:
(a) From a parent plate, which is the product of a slab rolled through a reversing mill, and
which has a nominal thickness greater than 4.50 mm.
(b) From a coil which has been rolled through a continuous mill to produce a nominal thickness
equal to or greater than 3 mm.
1.3.8 Strip a continuously rolled product of any width and thickness, supplied in coil
form. Edges are either trimmed or untrimmed.
1.3.9 Transverse direction the direction at right angles to the direction of the greatest
extension of the steel during rolling.
1.3.10 Wide slab a semi-finished rolled or continuously cast flat product having a
rectangular cross-section, a thickness greater than 100 mm and a width-to-thickness ratio
not less than 4:1.

1.4 MEASUREMENT OF FLATNESS To measure flatness, the product, resting


under its own weight, is placed on a flat horizontal surface in such a manner that any
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deviation from flatness is in the centre of the product, not at the ends. Deviations from
flatness are measured by allowing a straightedge to rest on at least two points on the
product surface and then measuring the distance between the product and the straightedge
(see Figure 1.1 (a)). Only that portion situated between two consecutive points of contact
is taken into consideration. The straightedge may be placed in any direction.
Where two points of contact do not exist, the deviation may be determined by measuring
the distance between the flat horizontal surface and the bottom surface of the product
(see Figure 1.1 (b)).
An alternative method for expressing flatness is to calculate the steepness ratio
(see Appendix A).

1.5 MEASUREMENT OF EDGE CAMBER To measure edge camber the product is


laid on a flat horizontal surface and a straightedge is placed on the concave side edge.
The maximum distance between the side edge and the straightedge (w c ) is then measured
(see Figure 1.2). Camber is expressed as a percentage of the measured value divided by
the length of sheet.

1.6 MEASUREMENT OF OUT-OF-SQUARENESS The deviation from squareness


of a length cut from trimmed-edge steel strip is measured by scribing a line normal to the
trimmed edge adjacent to the cut. The out-of-squareness is expressed as a percentage of
the measured value of deviation from square divided by the nominal width
(see Figure 1.3).

1.7 ROUNDING OF TEST RESULT VALUES For the purpose of assessing


compliance with this Standard, the specified limiting values shall be interpreted in
accordance with the rounding method described in AS 2706, i.e. the observed or
calculated value shall be rounded to the same number of figures as in the specified
limiting value and then compared with the specified limiting value. For example, for
specified limiting values of 2.5, 2.50, and 2.500, the observed or calculated value would
be rounded respectively to the nearest 0.1, 0.01, or 0.001.

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AS / NZS 1365:1996

FIGURE 1.1
6

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MEASUREMENT OF FLATNESS
7 AS / NZS 1365:1996

NO TE: The camber is calculated from the following equation:

where
C = camber, in percent
w = width of sheet
wc = linear measurement of camber
l = length of sheet
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FIGURE 1.2 MEASUREMENT OF EDGE CAMBER

NO TE: Out-of-squareness is expressed as

FIGURE 1.3 MEASUREMENT OF OUT-OF-SQUARENESS

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AS / NZS 1365:1996 8

S E C T I O N 2 W I D E S L A B S

2.1 SCOPE This Section specifies the manufacturing tolerances for carbon and carbon-
manganese steel slabs, for purposes other than re-rolling.
NOTE: Unless otherwise indicated, tolerances apply to 100% of product supplied.

2.2 THICKNESS TOLERANCES Thickness tolerances for slabs in all edge


conditions shall comply with the requirements of Table 2.1.

TABLE 2.1
THICKNESS TOLERANCES FOR SLABS
millimetres

Specified thickness Thickness tolerance, plus or minus


100 <150 5.0
150 <200 6.0
200 8.0
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2.3 WIDTH TOLERANCE The width tolerance for slabs in all widths and for all
edge conditions shall be 20 mm.

2.4 LENGTH TOLERANCE The length tolerance for slabs in all widths and for all
edge conditions shall be +100, 0 mm.

2.5 EDGE CAMBER TOLERANCE When measured in accordance with Clause 1.5,
the maximum deviation of the side edge of a slab from the straight edge shall not exceed
40 mm. Edge camber shall be limited to ensure that the dimensions of the ordered slab are
within the delivered size.

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9 AS / NZS 1365:1996

S E C T I O N 3 P LAT E A N D F L O O R P L AT E
R O L L E D O N A R E V E R S I N G M I LL

3.1 SCOPE This Section specifies the manufacturing tolerances for steel plate and
floorplate over 4.50 mm thick that have been hot-rolled on a reversing mill.
NOTE: Unless otherwise indicated, tolerances apply to 100% of product supplied.

3.2 THICKNESS TOLERANCES Thickness tolerances, applicable to plate and


floorplate in all edge conditions that have a specified or typical minimum yield strength
of 360 MPa or less, are specified in Table 3.1. For steels with a specified or typical
minimum yield strength greater than 360 MPa, the thickness tolerance is determined by
multiplying the values given in Table 3.1 by a factor of 1.5.

3.3 WIDTH TOLERANCES Width tolerances for plate and floorplate in all edge
conditions are specified in Table 3.2.

3.4 LENGTH TOLERANCES Length tolerances for plate and floorplate in all edge
conditions are specified in Table 3.3.
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3.5 FLATNESS TOLERANCES When measured in accordance with Clause 1.4, the
flatness of carbon and carbon-manganese steel plate, in all edge conditions, that has a
specified maximum carbon content less than or equal to 0.25% and a specified or typical
yield strength equal to or less than 360 MPa, shall comply with the tolerance requirements
of Table 3.4. For floorplate and all other steels, the flatness tolerance is determined by
multiplying the values given in Table 3.4 by a factor of 1.5.
NOTE: Care is required when measuring the flatness of floorplate, due to the difficulty in
accurately measuring deviations caused by the raised pattern.

3.6 EDGE CAMBER TOLERANCES Edge camber shall be limited to ensure that
the dimensions of the ordered plate are within the delivered size. If agreed to at the time
of enquiry or order, edge camber shall be limited to 0.2% of the actual length of the plate
for a trimmed edge and 0.3% of the actual length of the plate for an untrimmed edge.

3.7 OUT-OF-SQUARE TOLERANCES For all sizes, the cut lengths shall be such
that plates conforming to the ordered nominal dimensions can be obtained.

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AS / NZS 1365:1996 10

TABLE 3.1
THICKNESS TOLERANCES FOR PLATE AND FLOORPLATE*
millimetres

Thickness tolerance, plus or minus


Specified Specified thickness
width
>4.50 >6 >8 >10 >13 >18 >22 >30 >42 >63 >100 >180
6 8 10 13 18 22 30 42 63 100 180 250
600 <1 000 0.35 0.35 0.40 0.45 0.50 0.55 0.65 0.80 1.10 1.60 2.25 2.60
1 000 <1 600 0.35 0.40 0.40 0.45 0.55 0.60 0.70 0.85 1.15 1.70 2.30 2.60
1 600 <2 100 0.40 0.45 0.45 0.50 0.60 0.65 0.75 0.90 1.20 1.75 2.35 2.60
2 100 <2 700 0.50 0.50 0.55 0.60 0.65 0.75 0.85 1.00 1.30 1.85 2.40 2.60
2 700 <3 300 0.65 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.90 0.95 1.15 1.45 1.95 2.40 2.60
3 300 0.85 0.90 0.90 0.95 1.05 1.20 1.25 1.40 1.75 2.00 2.40 2.60

* The thickness tolerance for floorplate applies to the unraised thickness of the plate.

TABLE 3.2
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WIDTH TOLERANCES FOR PLATE AND FLOORPLATE


millimetres

Width tolerance
Edge condition Width Specified thickness
>4.5 <16 16 250
Trimmed All +20, 0 +25, 0
All thicknesses
Untrimmed <2 400 +80, 0
2 400 +100, 0

TABLE 3.3
LENGTH TOLERANCES FOR PLATE
AND FLOORPLATE
millimetres

Length tolerance
Specified
Specified thickness
length
>4.5 <25 25 250
All +30, 0 +40, 0

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TABLE 3.4
FLATNESS TOLERANCES FOR PLATE
millimetres

Flatness tolerance*
Distance between Specified width
Specified thickness
points of contact
1500 1800 2400
<1500 3000
<1800 <2400 <3000
>4.5 8 500 4 4 4 5 8
>500 750 6 6 6 8 12
>750 1 500 8 8 8 10 15
>1 500 2 000 10 10 10 15 20
>2 000 3 500 15 15 15 25 30
>3 500 20 20 30 35 40
>8 12 500 3 3 4 5 8
>500 750 5 5 6 8 12
>750 1 500 6 6 8 10 15
>1 500 2 000 8 8 10 15 20
>2 000 3 500 10 10 15 20 25
>3 500 12 15 20 30 30
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>12 25 500 3 3 3 5 5
>500 750 5 5 5 8 8
>750 1 500 6 6 6 10 10
>1 500 2 000 6 6 10 12 12
>2 000 3 500 8 10 12 16 16
>3 500 10 15 20 25 25
>25 250 500 3 3 3 3 3
>500 750 5 5 5 5 5
>750 1 500 6 6 6 6 6
>1 500 2 000 8 8 8 8 8
>2 000 3 500 8 8 10 10 10
>3 500 10 12 12 20 20

* The tolerances apply when measured at least 20 mm from the longitudinal edges and
100 mm from the transverse edges.

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AS / NZS 1365:1996 12

S E C T I O N 4 H O T - R O L L E D P L AT E ,
F L O O R P L AT E , S H E E T A N D S T R I P, R O L L E D
O N A C O NT I N U O U S M I L L

4.1 SCOPE This Section specifies the manufacturing tolerances for hot-rolled steel
plate, floorplate, sheet and strip, rolled on a continuous mill in thicknesses up to 13 mm
and widths up to 2000 mm.
NOTE: Unless otherwise indicated, tolerances apply to 100% of product supplied.
4.2 THICKNESS TOLERANCES Thickness tolerances applicable to carbon and
carbon-manganese steel plate, sheet and strip in all edge conditions are specified in
Table 4.1. For floorplate, the thickness tolerance is determined by multiplying the values
given in Table 4.1 by a factor of 1.5.
NOTES:
1 For coated products, thickness tolerances apply to the base metal only.
2 An approximation of the thickness tolerances given in Table 4.1 can be obtained from the
expression, tolerance = 0.017 thickness + 0.14 mm.
3 Because of the raised pattern, care is required when measuring the thickness of floorplate.
The thickness tolerance applies to the unraised thickness of the plate.
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4.3 WIDTH TOLERANCES Width tolerances for plate, floorplate, sheet and strip are
specified in Tables 4.2 and 4.3, for untrimmed and trimmed edge conditions respectively.

4.4 LENGTH TOLERANCES Length tolerances for plate, floorplate and sheet in all
edge conditions are specified in Table 4.4.

4.5 FLATNESS TOLERANCES When measured in accordance with Clause 1.4, the
flatness of carbon and carbon-manganese steel plate and sheet having a specified carbon
content equal to 0.25% or less and a specified or typical minimum yield strength less than
340 MPa, shall comply with the requirements of Table 4.5. For floorplate and all other
steel plate and sheet, the flatness tolerance is determined by multiplying the values given
in Table 4.5 by a factor of 1.5. Flatness tolerance does not apply to strip in coil form
(either slit or mill edge).
Table 4.5 gives the option of two classes of flatness tolerance. Unless specified otherwise
by the customer or by the relevant product Standard, material with Class A tolerances
shall be supplied.
NOTE: Care is required when measuring the flatness of floorplate due to the difficulty in
accurately measuring deviations caused by the raised pattern.

4.6 EDGE CAMBER TOLERANCES When measured in accordance with Clause 1.5,
the maximum deviation of the side edge from a straightedge for hot-rolled plate, strip,
floorplate and sheet in all edge conditions shall not exceed 0.4% of the actual length.

4.7 OUT-OF-SQUARE TOLERANCES For all sizes, the cut lengths shall be such
that sheets or plates of the ordered nominal dimensions can be obtained.
When measured in accordance with Clause 1.6, the out-of-squareness of a cut length from
trimmed-edge steel strip shall not exceed 1.0%.

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13 AS / NZS 1365:1996

TABLE 4.1
THICKNESS TOLERANCES FOR HOT-ROLLED
PLATE, SHEET AND STRIP
millimetres
Specified thickness Thickness tolerance, plus or minus
1.60 0.16
>1.60 2.00 0.18
>2.00 2.50 0.19
>2.50 3.00 0.21
>3.00 4.00 0.23
>4.00 5.00 0.25
>5.00 6.00 0.27
>6.00 8.00 0.29
>8.00 10.00 0.32
>10.00 13.00 0.36
NO TE: Thickness is measured at a distance of not less than 10 mm
from a trimmed edge or not less than 25 mm from an untrimmed
edge.
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TABLE 4.2
WIDTH TOLERANCES FOR UNTRIMMED
EDGE HOT-ROLLED PLATE, FLOORPLATE,
SHEET AND STRIP
millimetres

Specified width Width tolerance


>599 1 000 +25, 0
>1 000 1 250 +30, 0
>1 250 1 500 +35, 0
>1 500 2 000 +40, 0

TABLE 4.3
WIDTH TOLERANCES FOR TRIMMED
EDGE HOT-ROLLED PLATE,
FLOORPLATE, SHEET AND STRIP
millimetres
Width tolerance
Specified width Specified thickness
<3.00 3.00 13
<150 +1.00, 0 +1.50, 0
150 <300 +1.50, 0 +2.00, 0
300 <450 +2.00, 0 +2.50, 0
450 <600 +2.50, 0 +3.00, 0
600 <750 +3.00, 0 +3.00, 0
750 <1 000 +4.00, 0 +4.00, 0
1 000 <1 250 +5.00, 0 +5.00, 0
1 250 <1 500 +6.00, 0 +6.00, 0
1 500 2 000 +7.00, 0 +7.00, 0

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AS / NZS 1365:1996 14

TABLE 4.4
LENGTH TOLERANCES FOR
HOT-ROLLED PLATE, FLOORPLATE
AND SHEET IN ALL EDGE CONDITIONS
millimetres

Specified length Length tolerance


<2 000 +10, 0
2 000 <4 000 +15, 0
4 000 <6 000 +20, 0

6 000 <12 000 +30, 0


12 000 +50, 0

TABLE 4.5
FLATNESS TOLERANCES FOR HOT-ROLLED
PLATE AND SHEET
millimetres
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Distance between points Flatness tolerance*


Nominal thickness
of contact Class A Class B
2 500 10 3
>500 750 15 4
>750 1 000 20 5
>1 000 1 500 25 8
>1 500 30 10
>2 5 500 8 3
>500 750 12 4
>750 1 000 15 5
>1 000 1 500 20 8
>1 500 25 10
>5 13 500 5
>500 750 8
>750 1 000 10
>1 000 1 500 15
>1 500 20

* The tolerances apply when measured at least 20 mm from the longitudinal


edges and 100 mm from the transverse edges.

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15 AS / NZS 1365:1996

S E C T I O N 5 C O L D- R O L L E D S H E E T
A N D S T R I P

5.1 SCOPE This Section specifies the manufacturing tolerances for cold-rolled steel,
sheet and strip.
NOTE: Unless otherwise indicated, tolerances apply to 100% of product supplied.

5.2 THICKNESS TOLERANCES


5.2.1 General Thickness tolerances for sheet and strip in all edge conditions are
specified in Table 5.1.
NOTE: For coated products, thickness tolerances apply to the base metal only.
5.2.2 Tolerance class Thickness tolerances may be classified as follows:
(a) Class A thickness measured not closer than 50 mm to the edge of the strip. Within
10 m of welds or coil ends the thickness may vary by twice the tolerance specified
in Table 5.1.
(b) Class B thickness measured not closer than 10 mm to the edge of the strip. There
is no change of tolerance in the vicinity of welds or coil ends. Class B tolerances
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are applicable to trimmed edge material only.


Unless otherwise specified by the customer or by the relevant product Standard, sheet and
strip shall be supplied to Class A tolerances.

5.3 WIDTH TOLERANCES Width tolerances for sheet and strip in the trimmed edge
condition are specified in Tables 5.2 and 5.3 for Class A and Class B tolerances
respectively.
Unless specified by the customer or in the relevant product Standard, material with
Class A tolerances shall be supplied.
Width tolerances for sheet and strip in the untrimmed edge condition are specified in
Table 5.4.

5.4 LENGTH TOLERANCES Length tolerances for sheet in all edge conditions are
specified in Table 5.5 and Table 5.6 for Class A and Class B tolerances respectively.
Unless specified by the customer or in the relevant product Standard, material with
Class A tolerances shall be supplied.

5.5 FLATNESS TOLERANCES When measured in accordance with Clause 1.4, the
flatness of sheet in all edge conditions shall comply with the requirements of Table 5.7.
Unless specified by the customer or in the relevant product Standard, material with
Class A tolerances shall be supplied.

5.6 EDGE CAMBER TOLERANCES When measured in accordance with Clause 1.5,
the edge camber of sheet in all edge conditions shall not exceed 0.2% of the actual length.

5.7 OUT-OF-SQUARE TOLERANCES For all sizes, the cut lengths shall be such
that sheets of the ordered nominal dimensions can be obtained. When measured in
accordance with Clause 1.6, the out-of-squareness of a cut length of trimmed-edge steel
strip shall not exceed 1.0%.

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AS / NZS 1365:1996 16

TABLE 5.1
THICKNESS TOLERANCES FOR COLD-ROLLED
SHEET AND STRIP
millimetres

Thickness tolerance, plus or minus


Specified width
Specified thickness
>1200 >1500
1200
1500 2000
0.30 0.02
>0.30 0.50 0.03 0.04
>0.50 0.80 0.04 0.05 0.06
>0.80 1.20 0.05 0.06 0.07
>1.20 1.60 0.06 0.07 0.08
>1.60 2.00 0.07 0.08 0.09
>2.00 2.50 0.08 0.09 0.10
>2.50 3.00 0.09 0.10 0.11
>3.00 4.00 0.10 0.11 0.12
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TABLE 5.2
WIDTH TOLERANCES FOR TRIMMED
EDGE COLD-ROLLED SHEET AND
STRIP CLASS A TOLERANCES
millimetres

Specified width Width tolerance


150 +1.00, 0
>150 300 +1.50, 0
>300 450 +2.00, 0
>450 600 +2.50, 0
>600 750 +3.00, 0
>750 1 000 +4.00, 0
>1 000 2 000 +5.00, 0

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17 AS / NZS 1365:1996

TABLE 5.3
WIDTH TOLERANCES FOR TRIMMED EDGE COLD-ROLLED
SHEET AND STRIP CLASS B TOLERANCES
millimetres

Width tolerance
Strip Sheet
Specified width
Specified thickness
<1.00 1.00 3.00 >3.00 All
150 +0.20, 0 +0.40, 0 +0.60, 0 +1.00, 0
>150 300 +0.40, 0 +0.60, 0 +0.80, 0 +1.00, 0
>300 450 +0.60, 0 +0.80, 0 +1.00, 0 +1.00, 0
>450 600 +0.80, 0 +1.00, 0 +1.00, 0 +1.00, 0
>600 750 +1.00, 0 +1.00, 0 +1.00, 0 +1.00, 0
>750 1 000 +1.50, 0 +1.50, 0 +1.50, 0 +1.50, 0
>1 000 2 000 +2.00, 0 +2.00, 0 +2.00, 0 +2.00, 0
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TABLE 5.4
WIDTH TOLERANCES FOR
UNTRIMMED EDGE COLD-ROLLED
SHEET AND STRIP
millimetres
Specified width Width tolerance
>599 1 000 +25, 0
>1 000 1 250 +30, 0
>1 250 1 500 +35, 0
>1 500 2 000 +40, 0

TABLE 5.5
LENGTH TOLERANCES FOR
COLD-ROLLED SHEET CLASS A
TOLERANCES
millimetres

Specified thickness Length tolerance


1.50 +7, 0
>1.50 4.00 +10, 0

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AS / NZS 1365:1996 18

TABLE 5.6
LENGTH TOLERANCES FOR
COLD-ROLLED SHEET CLASS B
TOLERANCES
millimetres

Specified thickness Length tolerance


750 +1.00, 0
>750 1 000 +1.50, 0
>1 000 2 000 +2.00, 0
>2 000 3 000 +3.00, 0
>3 000 4 000 +4.00, 0

TABLE 5.7
FLATNESS TOLERANCES FOR
COLD-ROLLED SHEET
millimetres
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Flatness tolerance
Distance between
points of contact Class A Class B
(see Note 1) (see Note 2)
500 5 2
>500 750 7 3
>750 1 000 10 5
>1 000 1 500 15 8
>1 500 20 10

NO TES:
1 Class A applies to sheet 4 mm thick.
2 Class B applies to sheet 3 mm thick.

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19 AS / NZS 1365:1996

APPENDIX A
STEEPNESS RATIO
(Normative)

A1 GENERAL This Appendix gives an alternative means of expressing flatness using


the steepness ratio. The use of the steepness ratios specified in Tables A1 and A2 is
optional to the flatness tolerances specified in Tables 4.5 and 5.7 respectively. In cases of
dispute, however, the tolerances specified in Table 4.5 for hot-rolled plate and sheet and
Table 5.7 for cold-rolled sheet shall apply.

A2 TEST PROCEDURE The product resting under its own weight is placed on a flat
horizontal surface with the depression to be measured facing upwards.
The steepness ratio, expressed as a percentage, is calculated by determining the maximum
distance between the product surface and straightedge in accordance with the procedures
specified in Clause 1.4 (see also Figure 1.1 (a)), then applying the following equation:

. . . A(1)
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where
h = deviation from flatness (wave height), in millimetres
l = length between two points of contact, in millimetres.

TABLE A1
OPTIONAL FLATNESS TOLERANCES
FOR HOT-ROLLED PLATE AND SHEET

Flatness tolerance
Specified
thickness Steepness ratio, %
mm
Class A Class B
2 1.8 0.6
>2 3.2 1.5 0.6
>3.2 13 1.5

TABLE A2
OPTIONAL FLATNESS TOLERANCES
FOR COLD-ROLLED PLATE AND SHEET

Flatness tolerance
Specified
thickness Steepness ratio, %

mm Class A* Class B

1.70 1.2 0.5


>1.70 3.00 1.5 0.5
>3.00 4.00 1.5
* For Class A tolerance, where the length between the
points of contact, l, is less than 1000 mm, the steepness
ratio = 1.0%.

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AS / NZS 1365:1996 20

APPENDIX B
FACTORS INFLUENCING THE FLATNESS OF CONTINUOUS
MILL PRODUCT
(Informative)

B1 GENERAL The inability of a plate or sheet cut from hot-rolled coil to lie flat on a
smooth horizontal surface is due to one or more of the following conditions:
(a) Edge wave.
(b) Centre buckle.
(c) Longbow (coilset).
(d) Crossbow (gutter).
All four of these conditions can result from incorrect flattening and levelling operations,
involving set-up, equipment or operator inexperience.
Where a high standard of flatness is required (e.g. Class B tolerance), it is the
responsibility of the purchaser to ensure that the material is ordered as skin passed or
stretcher levelled.
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B2 EDGE WAVE Edge wave is a condition that occurs when the edges of the strip
elongate more than the centre of the strip during rolling. The presence of edge wave on
hot-rolled coil is directly associated with the rolling procedures used when rolling slab
into a coil.

B3 CENTRE BUCKLE Centre buckle is a condition that occurs when the centre of
the strip, in the rolling direction, elongates more than the edges. The presence of centre
buckle on hot-rolled coil is directly associated with the rolling procedures used when
rolling slab into a coil.
The removal of edge wave and centre buckle, when coils have been levelled and cut to
length is not possible without subjecting the coil product to additional processing such as
skin passing or stretcher levelling.

B4 LONGBOW (COILSET) Longbow occurs as the result of a temperature


differential in the product which on cooling assumes the curvature of the coil. It can be
removed by a flattening operation using large diameter rolls. Reverse longbow can be
induced into steel strip by incorrect set-up and operation of flattening and levelling
equipment.

B5 CROSSBOW Crossbow occurs as a result of cooling effects associated with the


rolled coil which is thicker in the centre than at the edges. The resultant strip will have a
cross or transverse bow when the coil cools. Crossbow can be removed by a flattening or
levelling operation.

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