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INDIVIDUAL ASSINGNMENT

MALAYSIAN STUDIES 2

STUDENT : NIK MUHAMMAD ZALHAZMI BIN NIK MAT


STUDENT ID NO: TP039054
INTAKE CODE: APTD1F1505EE
LECTURER: WILLIAM A/L ANTHONYSAMY
SUBMISSION DATE: 26 JANUARY 2017

Table of Contents
Objective..............................................................................................3
Introduction...........................................................................................4
Analysis................................................................................................5
1. Belief in God (Kepercayaan kapada Tuhan)..................................................5
2. Loyalty to King and Country (Kesetiaan kepada Raja dan Negara)...............5
3. Upholding the Constitution (Keluhuran perlembagaan)...............................6
4. Rule of Law (Kedaulatan Undang-undang)......................................................6
5. Good Behaviour and Morality (Kesopanan dan Kesusilaan)............................6
Conclusion............................................................................................7

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Objective
Rukun Negara should be made the preamble to the Federal Constitution.
There have more compelling reasons for suggesting this.
First of all, the objectives of the Rukun Negara are linked to values which are
perennial values such as unity, justice and freedom. Preambles of most
constitutions embody this timeless quality since they are meant to serve people
beyond the present.
Secondly, the objectives and the principles of the Rukun Negara are inclusive.
They transcend gender, ethnicity, religion and region. This is what makes the
Rukun Negara, potentially, a force for unity in a diverse society.
Next, the Rukun Negara commands a high degree of legitimacy. All its
principles and objectives resonate with the vast majority of Malaysians. This
includes the belief in God, on the one hand, and the commitment to a
democratic way of life, on the other.
Besides, this national philosophy or ideology as it has been dubbed was
produced by a National Consultative Council albeit operating under
Emergency Rule which represented a wide cross-section of society. All
religious groups had seats in the council.

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Introduction
Even though most of the people in the country has heard of Rukun Negara,
the understanding and the level of knowledge about it varies very much between
each individual. Rukun Negara is the Malaysian ideology. It aims to unite all
races in a national ideology. It was declared at the 1970 Independence Day.
Most of them only know about the existence of the Rukun Negara but not taken
as a guide. Rukun Negara should be taken as a guide in our day-to-day living
because it is a set of national tenets that teaches us the right norms of
behaviour.
There are two types of dimensions of relationship involved wherever there is
human interaction. The principles of Rukun Negara ideologise the level the
level of authority that control and guide us from the level of god down to the
state level, institutions level and finally the self level. The entire background of
the ideology and the purpose for creating it must be clearly understood by an
individual to internalise the spirits of Rukun Negara. Ideology means a scheme
of ideas at the basic of a system.

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Analysis
The purpose of formation of this national principles are to created unity of
various race in Malaysia after the riots of different races at May 13th 1969 in
Malaysia. That riots happened had proven the Malaysian racial issues and
stability had fragile which involved hundreds of people are death in that
particular incident.
Purpose of this provocative procession happened was to set fire to the spirit of
nationalism of every races in Malaysia. This riots happened until the police
force was unable to control the situation. Army force had to be called to help
police force to control the situations.
Rukun Negara was important to our country in Malaysia. Rukun Negara was
created to meet it's purpose of unity of various race in Malaysia, and prevent the
riots of races happened again within the country. Analysis of each elements of
national principles;
1. Belief in God (Kepercayaan kapada Tuhan)

This Nation has been founded upon a firm belief in God. It was in the name of
God that this Nation was established as a sovereign State.
Islam is the official religion of the Federation. Other religions and beliefs may
be practised in peace and harmony and there shall be no discrimination against
any citizen on the ground of religion.

2. Loyalty to King and Country (Kesetiaan kepada Raja dan


Negara)

Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy and the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the


sovereign Head of State. Parallel with this institution of the Yang di-Pertuan
Agong as a constitutional monarch is the continued existence of the institution
of the State Rulers who are heads of their respective States.
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the Rulers and the Governors are symbols of unity
and therefore stand above politics.
The loyalty that is expected of every citizen is that he must be faithful and bear
true allegiance to His Majesty the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and be a true, loyal
and faithful citizen of the Federation. In addition, and without derogating from
such loyalty, citizens who are subjects of the Rulers mu"i bear true allegiance
and loyalty to their respective Rulers.
Loyalty constitutes the soul of our nationalism.. It is this inherent loyalty to
King and Country which binds together our various races into one single, united
Nation. Loyalty to other countries is inconsistent with undivided loyalty to this
Nation.

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3. Upholding the Constitution (Keluhuran perlembagaan)

Citizenship confers on a person membership of a state. The Constitution confers


on a citizen certain rights and privileges; it also imposes on him certain duties
and obligations towards the Nation.
It is the duly of a citizen to respect and appreciate the letter, the spirit and the
historical background of the Constitution. This historical background led to such
provisions as those regarding the position of His Majesty the Yang di-Pertuan
Agong and Their Royal Highnesses the Rulers, the position of Islam as the
official religion, the position of Malay as the national and official language, the
special position of the Malays and other Natives, the legitimate interests of the
other communities, and the conferment of citizenship. It is the sacred duty of a
citizen to defend and uphold the Constitution.

4. Rule of Law (Kedaulatan Undang-undang)

Justice is founded upon the rule of law. Every citizen is equal before the law.
Fundamental liberties are guaranteed to all citizens. These include liberty of the
person, equal protection of the law, freedom of religion, rights of property and
protection against banishment.
The Constitution confers on a citizen the right of free speech, assembly and
association and this right may be enjoyed freely subject only to limitations
imposed by law. The rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution do not
include the right to overthrow the Government either by force or by other
unconstitutional means.
The Rule of Law is ensured by the existence of an independent judiciary with
powers to pronounce on the constitutionality and legality or otherwise of
executive acts.

5. Good Behaviour and Morality (Kesopanan dan Kesusilaan)

Individuals and groups shall conduct their affairs in such a manner as not to
violate any of the accepted canons of behaviour, which include the abhorrence
and rejection of any conduct or behaviour which is arrogant or offensive to the
sensitivities of any group. No citizen should question the loyalty of another
citizen on the ground that he belongs to. a particular community. Good
behaviour also includes a high standard of morality in both our personal and
public life.

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Conclusion
Although the Rukun Negara was introduced 46 years ago, it still remained
relevant as a fundamental solution to the current issues. Rukun Negara was
formulated during a difficult time for the country, namely after the tragedy of
May 13, 1969. At that time, our leaders believed that Rukun Negara might be
the solution to unite the people because principles contained in the Rukun
Negara had helped resolve many issues and ensure the country's peace.
Therefore, we have to accept the fact that Malaysians are composed of
different communities and different beliefs but live in peace by respecting each
other.