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5,555.60 kg/h HO

25C, 1 atm

50,000 kg/h 55,555.60 kg/h

Liquefied Starch Glucose (l)

Slurry

Assumption

= 42.5 C

Vessel length = 5 m

Wall thickness = 0.05 m

Cp = 2.43 kJ/kg.C

= 1540 kg/m3

= 0.0043 kg/m.s

k = 0.488 W/m.K

o

Properties of water at 60.0 C: (Table A.2, J.P.Holman, 2010)

By interpolating:

Cp = 4.1862 kJ/kg.k

= 984.48 kg/m3

k = 0.6559 W/m.k

Therefore, using the properties of glucose

The density of glucose at 60 o C = 1540 kg/m3

The viscosity of glucose at 60 o C = 0.0043 kg/m.s

The specific heat capacity of glucose at 60 o C = Cp = 2.43 kJ/kg. C or 0.438 kJ/kg.k

kg 1h m

Volumetric flow rate = 55,555.60 h X 3600 s X 1540 kg

= 0.01 m3/s

A = 2rL

= 2() (0.075) (5m)

= 2.3562 m2

0.01m

Velocity = s X 2.3562 m2

= 0.0236 m/s

Dv 0.0236 m 1540 kg 1 m. s

N

= = 0.15 m X s X m X 0.0043 kg

N

Since the is less than 2100, this indicates that the flow in the pipe is laminar flow.

Cp

N Pr

= k

kJ kg m.k 1000 W

= 2.43 kg . C X 0.0043 m. s X 0.488W X 1 KW

= 21.4119

N N Pr

D/L

= (1267.8140)(21.4119)(0.075)/5

ha D D 1 /3 b 0.14

N Nu

= k = 1.86( N N Pr L ) ( )

w

1 /3 0.14

0.15 m 0.0031

= 1.86 (1267.8140 X 21.4119 X 5 m ) 0.0027

= 17.7083

ha D

k = 17.7083

0.488 w 1

ha

= 17.7083 x m. k x 0.15m

= 57.6110 W/ m.k

1 1 x

= +

U h k

1 0.05 m

= (57.6110 W /m . k) + (0.488 W /m . K )

= 0.1198 m2.K/W

U = 8.346 W/ m2.K

q = UA T

W

= 8.346 m2 . K x 2.3562 m2 x 273.15k+(60-42.5)

= 5715.5873 W

Heat exchanger

Cold water in

1 kg glucose/ kg 1 kg glucose/kg

330.00+ 298.15

Tavg = 2

= 314.075 K

m

= 55,555.60 kg 1h

h 3600 s

= 15.4321 kg/s

h 3600s

= 0.056 kg/s

CH = mCp(glucose)

s kg.K 1KJ

= 5555.56 W/K

Cc = mCp(H2O)

s kg.K 1KJ

= 234.248 W/K

Cmin 234.248W /k

Cmax = 5555.56 W /K

= 0.0422

UA 570+1140

2

NTU = Cmin ; assume A= 1m ; U = 2 = 855 W/m2.K

= 855 W 1m2 K

m2 234.248 W

= 3.65

q= Cmin (Thi-Tci)

= 7952.7196 W

q= mCp(H2O) (Tco-Tci)

q

(Tco-Tci) = mCp( H 2O)

= 7952.7196 W K

234.248 W

= 33.95 K

Tco = 332.1 K

Since the value (332.1 K) is approximately as the assumption value (330.00 K). Hence,

the temperature of the cold water out is 330.00 K. The heat transfer rate is 7952.7196 W.

Comparing to co-current flow heat exchanger in which = 0.70. Therefore, the

counter-current flow heat exchanger is selected because its efficiency (0.97) is higher

than the efficiency (0.70) of co-current flow heat exchanger.

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