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UNIT TEST III

Sub. Name : Mechanics of Solids


Year : II
Answer All Questions
PART A (10 x 2 = 20 Marks)

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1. A circular steel rod tapers uniformly from 40mm to 15mm diameter in a length of

LOm
400mm. What is the elongation of the bar if the axial pull is 40KN. E = 2 X
105N/mm2.

B oo m
2. Define bulk modulus and Poissons ratio.

L
I uull..cc
3. Define (a) Shear force and (b) Bending moment at a section.

I V aa
4. Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for a cantilever beam of span

Cjji pp
l carrying a point at a distance a from the free end.

i nn
A
5. Explain determinate and stable frame.

Nw .
. r
r e
e
6. Explain deficient frame, and redundant frame.

N
Aw w w
7. What is the torque that can be transmitted by a solid shaft of diameterd and

w w allowable shear stress fs?

8. Differentiate between a closely coiled helical spring and an open helical spring.
9. Write the expression for longitudinal strain and circumferential strain in the case
of thin cylindrical shells.

10. State the rules to be followed in Mecaulays method.


Answer All Questions
PART B [5 x 16 = 80 Marks]

11. (a) A steel bar 3.5m long is acted upon by forces as shown in figure 11(a).
Determine the values of P and the total elongation of the bar. Take E = 210 KN/mm2.

30mm 40mm

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45KN P 55KN

1.0m Fig.1
1.5m 1.0m

Figure 11(a). (16)

(OR)

(b)A metallic bar 250mm x 100mm x 50mm is subjected to forces as shown in figure -2.

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Find the change in volume taking E = 2 x 105 N/mm2 and Poissons ratio = 0.25. Find the

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change that should be made in the 3MN load, in order that there should be no change in
the volume of the bar.

L B
I uull..ccoo m
I
Cjji
i V
nnppaa
A
Nw .
. r
r e
e
N
Aw
w w
w w Fig.11(b)
(16)

12 (a) Find the forces in all the members of the girder shown in figure.2 by the method
of joints, indicating whether the force is compressive or tensile.
20KN 40KN
B

60 60 60
A 60 D

Fig.12(a) 3.5 3.5m (16)


(OR)

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(b) A cylindrical shell 900mm long, 150mmFRoM http://annacivil.tk
internal diameter, 8mm thick is filled with a
fluid at atmospheric pressure. If an additional 20000mm3 of fluid is pumped into the
cylinder find the pressure exerted by the fluid on the cylinder and the hoop stress
induced. E = 2 x 105 N/mm2 and = 0.3. (16)

13(a). Draw the SF and BM diagram for the beam shown in figure-13(a). Find the
maximum values and their positions. Give the values at important points in the diagram.

2 KN/m
2 KN
A B

C
(16)
4m 2m

Figure 13(a)

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(OR)

LOm
(b) A simply supported beam of span 6m is subjected to an uniformly distributed load of

B m
20KN/m over entire length. At a section 2m from the left end 30mm above the neutral

oo
axis, determine the bending stress and shear stress. The cross section of the beam is as

L
I uu ..cc
shown in fig. 13(b).

ll
V
100mm

I aa
10mm

A e
e Cjji
i nnpp 100mm

Nw r
r
10mm

.
.
N
Aw
w w
w w Figure 13(b)

14(a)(i) Find the maximum deflection using Macaulays method for the beam shown in
fig.14(a) (i) EI = 8.6 X 1010 kN/mm2
(16)

40KN/m

A C D B
1m 4m 3m
Fig 14(a)(i) (8)

(a) (ii) Find the deflection at mid span and slope at the end A using conjugate beam
method. EI = 16000kNm2. The beam is shown in fig. 14(a)(ii)
15kN

4I I
A 8m 2m B
C

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Fig 14(a) (ii) (8)

(OR)
(b) A wooden beam 150mm wide and 300mm deep and 3m long is carrying udl of
25kN/m over the entire length. The beam is simply supported at ends. Determine the
maximum shear stress and sketch the shear stress variation along depth of the beam. (16)

15(a) A solid circular shaft transmits 75kN at 200rpm. Find the shaft diameter if the twist
in the shaft is not to exceed 1 in 2m length of shaft and the shearing stress is limited to
50N/mm2. Take G = 100 kN/m2. (16)

(OR)

15(b) Derive the expression for deflection, shear stress and strain energy for close coiled
helical spring when it is subjected to axial load W. (16)

G
LOm
L B
I uull..ccoo m
I
Cjji
i V
nnppaa
A
Nw .
. r
r e
e
N
Aw
w w
w w

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