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Course Number:

INDU-6331

Course Title:
Advanced Quality Control

Winter 2017

Assignment # 7
Q1: Ans:

Measurements Chart Statistics


Part
type Nominal M1 M2 M3 X1 X2 X3 X-Bar R-bar
1 A 100 105 102 103 5 2 3 3.33 3
2 A 100 101 98 100 1 -2 0 -0.33 3
3 A 100 103 100 99 3 0 -1 0.67 4
4 A 100 101 104 97 1 4 -3 0.67 7
5 A 100 106 102 100 6 2 0 2.67 6
6 B 60 57 60 59 -3 0 -1 -1.33 3
7 B 60 61 64 63 1 4 3 2.67 3
8 B 60 60 58 62 0 -2 2 0.00 4
9 C 75 73 75 77 -2 0 2 0.00 4
10 C 75 78 75 76 3 0 1 1.33 3
11 C 75 77 75 74 2 0 -1 0.33 3
12 C 75 75 72 79 0 -3 4 0.33 7
13 C 75 74 75 77 -1 0 2 0.33 3
14 C 75 73 76 75 -2 1 0 -0.33 3
15 D 50 50 51 49 0 1 -1 0.00 2
16 D 50 46 50 50 -4 0 0 -1.33 4
17 D 50 51 46 50 1 -4 0 -1.00 5
18 D 50 49 50 53 -1 0 3 0.67 4
19 D 50 50 52 51 0 2 1 1.00 2
20 D 50 53 51 50 3 1 0 1.33 3
0.55 3.8


We need to find the standard Deviation of each part:


For part A: = , = . = .
For part B: = , = . = .
For part C: = , = . = .
For part D: = , = . = .

Then the DNOM chart can be used because the Standard deviations are approximately the same:
= 3.8, n=3 then d2 = 1.693, A2=1.023, D4=2.574 and D3=0
From the table above : R


R 3.8
=
= = .
d2 1.693

= 0.55 + (1.023 3.8) = 4.44


UCLX = x + A2 R
= 0.55 (1.023 3.8) = 3.34
LCLX = x A2 R
= 2.574 3.8 = 9.78
UCLR = D4 R
= 0 3.8 = 0
LCLR = D3 R

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By using Minitab: Stat -Control Charts-Variables Charts for Subgroups-Xbar-R Chart

Comment: The Process is in control, where there are no samples out of the control limits and there is no
unusual plot patterns.

Q2: Ans:

Part
type Nominal M1 M2 M3 M4 M-Bar X-stand R-bar R-stand
1 A 100 120 95 100 110 106.25 0.323276 25 1.293103
2 A 100 115 123 99 102 109.75 0.50431 24 1.241379
3 A 100 116 105 114 108 110.75 0.556034 11 0.568966
4 A 100 120 116 100 96 108 0.413793 24 1.241379
=

5 A 100 112 100 98 107 104.25 0.219828 14 0.724138
19.33
6 A 100 98 110 116 105 107.25 0.375 18 0.931034
7 B 200 230 210 190 216 211.5 0.31768 40 1.104972
8 B 200 225 198 236 190 212.25 0.338398 46 1.270718
9 B 200 218 230 199 195 210.5 0.290055 35 0.966851
=

10 B 200 210 225 200 215 212.5 0.345304 25 0.690608
36.2
11 B 200 190 218 212 225 211.25 0.310773 35 0.966851
12 C 2000 2150 2230 1900 1925 2051.25 0.184205 330 1.186102
13 C 2000 2200 2116 2000 1950 2066.5 0.239018 250 0.898562
14 C 2000 1900 2000 2115 1990 2001.25 0.004493 215 0.772764
15 C 2000 1968 2250 2160 2100 2119.5 0.429513 282 1.013578
16 C 2000 2500 2225 2475 2390 2397.5 1.428714 275 0.988419
17 C 2000 2000 1900 2230 1960 2022.5 0.080871 330 1.186102
18 C 2000 1960 1980 2100 2150 2047.5 0.170727 190 0.682907 =

19 C 2000 2320 2150 1900 1940 2077.5 0.278554 420 1.509585
278.22
20 C 2000 2162 1950 2050 2125 2071.75 0.257887 212 0.761981
= 1.00

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Since
= , = , = . , = .

= . ,
= . ,
= .

By using Minitab: Graph-Time Series Plot-Simple

Comment: We can see that the Process is out of control at Sample 16 on the x chart.

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Q3: Ans:

+
() = + ( + + + ) + +
() () ()


() = + + + + = + + +

= ( ) ( )

1
= 100 hr, = 2, a1 = 0.5, a2 = 0.1, a 3 = 5, a3 = 2.5, a4 = 100, g = 0.05 and D = 2.

a) n=5, k=3, h=1

= (3 25) (3 25) = (1.472) (7.472)

= .
= 2* () = 0.0027

h h2 1 0.01 0.0027
=2 12
=2+ 12
= . and h
= 0.01
= 0.27

1 1
E(T) = + 0.5 + (0.05 5) + 2 = 100 + 1.0758 0.5 + 0.25 + 2
0.01 1 0.0705

() = .
0.5 + 0.5 100 2.5 1.35
E(L) = + (1.0758 0.5 + 2.2508) + +
1 102.826 102.826 102.826
() = 1 + 2.79 = . $/

b) for n=3, and k=2.21

= (2.21 23) (2.21 23) = (1.254) (5.674)

= 0.105 Then 1 = 0.895


= 2* (2.21) = 0.027

0.5 + 0.3 100 2.5 13.5


E(L) = + (1.117h 0.5h + 0.00083h2 + 2.15) + +
h () E(T) hE(T)
h

2
E(T) = 102.15 + 0.6173 h
Now by using the Excel solver to find the optimal value of h, and that by minimizing the variable E(L) and
E(T) as constraint.
We got: h= 1.23 and () = . $/

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Q4: Ans:

+
() = + ( + + + ) + +
() () ()


() = + + + + = + + +

= ( ) ( )

1
= 100 hr, = 2, a1 = 0.5, a2 = 0.1, a 3 = 50, a3 = 25, a4 = 100, g = 0.05 and D = 2.

a) n=5, k=3, h=1

= (3 25) (3 25) = (1.472) (7.472)

= .
= 2* () = 0.0027

h h2 1 0.01 0.0027
=2 12
=2+ 12
= . and h
= 0.01
= 0.27

1 1
E(T) = + 0.5 + (0.05 5) + 2 = 100 + 1.0758 0.5 + 0.25 + 2
0.01 1 0.0705

() = .
0.5 + 0.5 100 25 13.5
E(L) = + (1.0758 0.5 + 2.2508) + +
1 102.826 102.826 102.826
() = . $/

b) n=5, k=3, h=0.5

= (3 25) (3 25) = (1.472) (7.472)

= .
= 2* () = 0.0027

h h2 0.5 0.0025 0.0027


=2 12
= 2
+ 12 = . and h
= 0.005
= 0.54

1 0.5
E(T) = + 0.25 + (0.05 5) + 2 = 100 + 0.538 0.25 + 0.25 + 2
0.01 1 0.0705

() = .
0.5 + 0.5 100 25 27
E(L) = + (0.538 0.25 + 0.000208 + 2.25) + +
0.5 102.538 102.538 102.538
() = . $/

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c) n=5 , k=3.1

= (3.1 25) (3.1 25) = (1.37) (7.572)

= .
= 2* (. ) = 0.00194

1 100 25 9.7
() = + (0.5934h + 0.00083h2 + 2.25) + +
h () E(T) hE(T)
h

2

() = 102.25 + 0.5934 h

Now by using the Excel solver to find the optimal value of h, and that by minimizing the variable E(L) and
E(T) as constraint.
We got: h= 1.38 and () = . $/

-------------------------------------------------------------------
Q5: Ans: n=50, c=1
In this question we will use Excel to draw the OC curve , based on different values of p and since c=1
then we need to calculate the Pr{d c} by using the following:

p (d=0) (d=1) Pr{d<=c=1}


0.001 0.9512 0.0476 0.9988 Type-B OC curve for n=50, c=1
0.002 0.9048 0.0907 0.9954 1.2000
0.003 0.8605 0.1295 0.9900
0.004 0.8184 0.1643 0.9827 1.0000
0.005 0.7783 0.1956 0.9739
Pr. of acceptance

0.006 0.7402 0.2234 0.9635 0.8000


0.007 0.7038 0.2481 0.9519
0.008 0.6692 0.2699 0.9391 0.6000
0.009 0.6363 0.2890 0.9253
0.01 0.6050 0.3056 0.9106 0.4000
0.02 0.3642 0.3716 0.7358
0.03 0.2181 0.3372 0.5553 0.2000
0.04 0.1299 0.2706 0.4005
0.05 0.0769 0.2025 0.2794 0.0000
0.06 0.0453 0.1447 0.1900 0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.14 0.16
P
0.07 0.0266 0.0999 0.1265
0.08 0.0155 0.0673 0.0827
0.09 0.0090 0.0443 0.0532
0.1 0.0052 0.0286 0.0338
0.11 0.002947 0.0183 0.02116
0.12 0.001675 0.0114 0.01309
0.14 0.00053 0.0044 0.00485 Page 7 of 11 INDU 6331
Q6: Ans: n=100, c=2
In this question we will use Excel to draw the OC curve , based on different values of p and since c=1
then we need to calculate the Pr{d c} by using the following:

p (d=0) (d=1) (d=2) Pr{d<=c=2}


0.001 0.90479 0.09057 0.00449 0.99985 Type B-OC curve for n=100, c=2
0.002 0.81857 0.16404 0.01627 0.99888 1.20000
0.003 0.74048 0.22281 0.03319 0.99649
0.004 0.66978 0.26899 0.05347 0.99225 1.00000

Pr. of acceptance
0.005 0.60577 0.30441 0.07572 0.98590
0.80000
0.006 0.54782 0.33068 0.09880 0.97730
0.007 0.49536 0.34920 0.12185 0.96641 0.60000
0.008 0.44789 0.36120 0.14419 0.95327
0.009 0.40492 0.36773 0.16531 0.93796 0.40000
0.01 0.36603 0.36973 0.18486 0.92063
0.20000
0.02 0.13262 0.27065 0.27341 0.67669
0.03 0.04755 0.14707 0.22515 0.41978 0.00000
0.04 0.01687 0.07029 0.14498 0.23214 0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.14
P
0.05 0.00592 0.03116 0.08118 0.11826
0.06 0.00205 0.01312 0.04144 0.05661
0.07 0.00071 0.00531 0.01978 0.02579
0.08 0.00024 0.00208 0.00895 0.01127
0.09 0.00008 0.00079 0.00388 0.00476
0.1 0.00003 0.00030 0.00162 0.00194
0.2 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000

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Q7: Ans: N=5000, n=50, c=1
a) Since n/N =50/5000 = 0.01 0.1 Then we can approximate the hypergeometric
probabilities by binomial probabilities.

p (d=0) (d=1) Pr{d<=c=1}


0.001 0.9512 0.0476 0.9988
0.002 0.9047 0.0907 0.9954
0.003 0.8605 0.1295 0.9900
0.004 0.8184 0.1643 0.9827
0.005 0.7783 0.1956 0.9739
0.006 0.7401 0.2234 0.9635

Pr. of acceptance
0.007 0.7038 0.2481 0.9519
0.008 0.6692 0.2699 0.9391
0.009 0.6363 0.2889 0.9253
0.01 0.6050 0.3056 0.9106
0.02 0.3642 0.3716 0.7358
0.03 0.2181 0.3372 0.5553
0.04 0.1299 0.2706 0.4005
0.05 0.0769 0.2025 0.2794
0.06 0.0453 0.1447 0.1900
0.07 0.0266 0.0999 0.1265 P
0.08 0.0155 0.0672 0.0827
0.09 0.0090 0.0443 0.0532
0.1 0.0052 0.0286 0.0338
0.11 0.0029 0.0182 0.0212
0.12 0.0017 0.0114 0.0131
0.14 0.0005 0.0043 0.0049

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b) Ans: N=5000, n=50, c=1

p (d=0) (d=1) Pr{d<=c=1}


0.001 0.9512 0.0476 0.9988
0.002 0.9047 0.0907 0.9954
0.003 0.8605 0.1295 0.9900
0.004 0.8184 0.1643 0.9827
0.005 0.7783 0.1956 0.9739
0.006 0.7401 0.2234 0.9635

Pr. of acceptance
0.007 0.7038 0.2481 0.9519
0.008 0.6692 0.2699 0.9391
0.009 0.6363 0.2889 0.9253
0.01 0.6050 0.3056 0.9106
0.02 0.3642 0.3716 0.7358
0.03 0.2181 0.3372 0.5553
0.04 0.1299 0.2706 0.4005
0.05 0.0769 0.2025 0.2794
0.06 0.0453 0.1447 0.1900
0.07 0.0266 0.0999 0.1265 P
0.08 0.0155 0.0672 0.0827
0.09 0.0090 0.0443 0.0532
0.1 0.0052 0.0286 0.0338
0.11 0.0029 0.0182 0.0212
0.12 0.0017 0.0114 0.0131
0.14 0.0005 0.0043 0.0049

Comparison between a& b: they are the same curve and we can see that from the values of and

From a: Pa =95% at (d =5000*0.007=35) Then Pa (d = 35) 0.95, and 0.05

Pa =1% at (d =5000*0.075=375) Then Pa (d = 375) 0.1, and 0.1

From b: Pa =95% at (p=0.007) Then Pa (p=0.007) 0.95, and 0.05

Pa =1% at (p=0.075) Then Pa (p=0.075) 0.1, and 0.1

c) Based on values for and , and the resulted curves, we can see that they are almost the same
then anyone will be appropriate.

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Q8: Ans: p1= 0.01, = 0.05 1- = 0.95, p2=0.1, =0.1
By using the binomial nomograph I found: n44 and c1
See page 12

Q9: Ans: p1= 0.05, = 0.05 1- = 0.95, p2=0.15, =0.1


By using the binomial nomograph we found: n80 and c7
See page 13

Q10: Ans: p1= 0.02, = 0.01 1- = 0.99, p2=0.06, =0.1


By using the binomial nomograph we found: n350 and c12
See page 14

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