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EXISTING BARRAGES OF PAKISTAN

1.CHASHMA 5.RASUL BARRAGE 9.KHANKI 13.GUDDU


BARRAGE BARRAGE BARRAGE

2.JINNAH BARRAGE 6ISLAM BARRAGE 10.MARALA 14.SUKKUR


BARRAGE BARRAGE

3.TAUNSA 7.PANJNAND
11.BALLOKI
BARRAGE BARRAGE 15.KOTRI BARRAGE
BARRAGE

8.SULEMANKI 12.SIDHNAI
4.TRIMU BARRAGE
BARRAGE BARRAGE
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1.CHASHMA BARRAGE

Chashma Barrage was constructed in The river valley at Chashma is


1971. Total cost 6.5 miles wide.
The barrage is 3,536 feet long
It is constructed on River Indus near
with 3,120 feet of clear
the village of Chashma, about 35 waterway and with a
miles downstream of Jinnah Barrage.
maximum design discharge of
1.1 million cusecs.
It was constructed to divert the water The total designed
released from Tarbela into River withdrawal for canals is
Jhelum through the Chashma-Jhelum 26,700 cusecs.
The maximum flood level
Link Canal, which has a capacity of
height of Chashma Barrage is
21,700 cusecs. The barrage was also 37 feet.
designed to feed the Paharpur canal The barrage has 52 bays, each
that is located on the right side.
60 feet wide.
The length of the left and
right guide bank is 4,302 ft.

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2. JINNAH BARRAGE

Jinnah Barrage was constructed in 1946


on River Indus .
It is designed for maximum discharge
of 950,000 cusecs.
The total designed withdrawal for
canals is 7,500cusecs.
The maximum flood level height of
Jinnah Barrage is 28 feet.
The barrage has 42 bays, each 60 ft.
wide.
The length of the left bank is 4,099 ft
and that of the right bank is 5,487 ft.

FIG: JINNAH BARRAGE


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3.TAUNSA BARRAGE

Taunsa Barrage was constructed


in 1959 on River Indus,
It is 18- miles downstream of
Chashma Barrage in district The maximum flood level
Muzaffargarh. height of Taunsa Barrage is 26
The Taunsa-Panjnad Link has been feet.
made to supply water to the The barrage has 53 bays, each
Panjnad Headworks. It also feeds 60 feet wide.
the DG Khan and Muzaffargarh The length of the left and right
canals. guide bank is 8,327 ft.
The barrage has a maximum The gates, 60 x 22.5 feetin
design discharge of 750,000 size, are manually operated.
cusecs.
The total designed withdrawal
for canals is 36,501 cusecs FIG: TAUNSA BARRAGE

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4. TRIMMU BARRAGE

Trimmu Barrage was constructed Design capacity 645,000 cusec


between 1937 and 1939 by English
Total width between abutments 3,025
engineer
ft
Trimmu barrage, formerly No. of bays
known as Emerson Barrage, is Main weir 37 (each 60 fT wide)
situated at Trimmu on the Left undersluice 08 (each 30 ft.
Chenab River, just 4 Km below wide)
Right undersluice 06 No. (each 30 ft
the confluence with Jhelum Wide)
River.
The site is located about 25 km Off-Taking Canal
south-west (Latitude 310 11' N Haveli Main Line
and Longitude 720 08' E) of Trimmu Sidhnai Link
Jhang city on Jhang Bhakkar Rangpur Canal
road

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5.RASUL BARRAGE

It has a discharge capacity of


24070 cubic meter per second
Water is drived from this point to
Rasul Barrage was constructed in Chenab River at Qadirabad
1968 through Rasul-Qadirabad link
Rasul Barrage is a barrage on the canal, then ultimately transferred
River Jehlum in Mandi Bahauddin to Sulemanki Barrage on the Sutlej
District of the Punjab province of River.
Pakistan. It is situated 72 km Rasul-Qadirabad link canal has the
downstream of Mangla Dam. second largest water discharge
Rasul Barrage is used to control capacity after Chashma-Jhelum
water flow in the River Jhelum link canal.
for irrigation and flood control It has 538-m/s discharge capacity
purposes. while Chashma-Jhelum link canal
has 615-m/s capacity.
FIG:RASUL BARRAGE

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6. ISLAM BARRAGE

1650 feet long with design


discharge of 300,000 cusecs,
Islam Barrage is a barrage on It has two off taking larger
the River Sutlej in [tehsil canals which irrigate 689,000
hasilpur]of the Punjab province
acres of land in Southern
of Pakistan
Punjab and 700, 000 acres in
Islam Barrage is used for irrigation
and flood control. It is about the former State of
15 km north of hasilpur and about Bahawalpur.
five miles south of Luddan on the Mailsi Canal (5400 cusecs)
Vehari-Hasilpur road (N 29 49' arises from its right Bank and
0.01" E 72 33' 0.00"). Bahawal Canal (5400 cusecs)
It was completed as Sutlej Valley
from the left. A third smaller
Project for irrigation of Nili Bar in
canal is called Qaim Canal (558
1927.
cusecs) also arising from the
left bank.
FIG: ISLAM BARRAGE

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7. PANJNAD BARRAGE

The Panjnad barrage is the last barrage


constructed on River Chenab at
downstream confluence point of River Clear water way
Sutlej. 2,820 ft. (47 bays of
The barrage was constructed in 1925 - 60 ft. each)
1929 with design discharge of 450,000
cusec and upstream HFL RL 341.5 to
Off-Taking Canal
irrigate 1.8325 million acres of
Bahawalpur and Rahimyar Khan Panjnad Canal
districts by diverting 11882 cusecs. Abbasia Canal
Maximum designed capacity 700,000
cusec Abbasia Link Canal
Maximum recorded flood in 1973
802,516 cusec
Total width between abutments 3,400
ft.

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8. SULEMANKI BARRAGE

Discharge of the Barrage


325,000 cusec
Suleimanki barrage was Width between Abutments
constructed across the Sutlej 2,223 ft
river during 1924-1926 under Clear Water Way 1,920 ft
the Sutlej Valley Project (SVP). Weir Bays have single leaf
Vertical Lift Stoney Gates
It is located at latitude 300-22'
Undersluice Bays have double
North and longitude 730-51'
leaf Vertical Lift Stoney Gates
East and is about 20 Km east of
Haveli Lakha Town of District Off-Taking Canal
Okara and around 45 Km north
of Minchinabad, District
Bahawalnagar. Pakpattan Canal (Upper)
Eastern Sadqia Canal
Fordwah Canal

FIG SULEMANKI BARRAGE

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9. KHANKI BARRAGE

The weir originally was a shuttered


type weir comprising 8 spans of
500 ft each, left undersluices (12
Khanki barrageis is situated on No. 20 ft each) and canal head
the River regulator (12 spans of 24.5 ft each)
With the extensive remodeling
Chenab in Gujranwala
during 1933- 35, the weir now
District of the Punjab province comprises (left to right):
of Pakistan. Left Undersluises (12 No. 20 ft.
It was constructed in 1889 and each)
is considered to be the oldest Three weir bays (1423 ft)
headworks in Pakistan. Central undersluices (18 No. 20 ft
Khanki Headworks is used for each)
irrigation and flood control. Three weir bays (1545.75 ft)
Right Undersluices (18 No. 20 ft
each)
Total width between abutments is
4386
Waterway is 3928.75 FIG: NEW KHANKI BARRAGE

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10. MARALA BARRAGE

After cutting across the Pir Panjal range, it enters


the Sialkot District in Pakistan where the Head
The Marala Barrage is situated at the Marala was built across the river in 1905-1912
Chenab River near the city of Sialkot, under the Triple Canal Project with capacity of
Punjab, Pakistan. 742,000 Cs but it was converted into Barrage
It is a massive hydro engineering project during 1968 with a maximum discharge of 1.10
and is used to control water flow and million ft/s (31,000 m/s).
flood control in river Chenab. Two major water channels originate at the
Chenab is a 1,086 km (675 mi) long river Marala Barragethe Marala-Ravi Link Canal
which originates in the Kulu and Kangra 22,000 Cs and the Upper Chenab Canal with
Districts of Himachal Pradesh in India and 16,850 Cs capacity. Proposals are under
is fed by the tributaries Chandra and consideration to build the Mangla Marala Link
Bagha as it enters Jammu & Kashmir near Canal to supplement the shortage of water in
Kishtwar. winter but still lying in proposal phase due to
certain financial & social bottlenecks.
FIG:MARALA BARRAGE

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11. BALLOKI BARRAGE

Balloki Barrage is located on River Ravi in Punjab Province


of Pakistan. It was commissioned in April 1913. It is
located at latitude, 31o -14 North and longitude, 73o -
52 East at a distance of 65 km south-west of Lahore. The
structure was initially constructed to feed a canal system
to irrigate 1.064 million acres CCA of most fertile and
productive lands in the districts of Kasur, Pakpattan,
Sahiwal, Okara, Vehari, Khanewal, Bahawalpur,
Bahawalnagar and Multan in Punjab Province. Presently
the structure is feeding water to about 1.67 million acre
of Lower Bari Doab Canal (LBDC) command area.
Moreover with the construction of B.S.Link in 1960, this
structure is further supplying water to 3.06 million acres
of land falling in the districts of Pakpattan, Vehari,
Multan, Bhawalpur and Bahawalnagar in Southern
Punjab.

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12. SIDHNAI
BARRAGE

The meaning of the word SIDHNAI is Straight River. A stretch of eight


miles of River Ravi at Sidhnai is nearly straight and does not
meander. It is thought that is could be an artificial channel excavated
in the distant past to prevent flooding in the Multan area.

Before construction of the new Barrage, an old weir existed about six
miles D/S of the Barrage. The weir known as Sidhnai Weir could only
pass some 100,000 Cs of water as its maximum capacity. A new
Barrage was designed to pass a maximum peak discharge of 150,000
Cs located about 31000 Ft U/S of the old weir. D/S straight reach was
excavated and widened to increase the capacity from 100,000 Cs to
150,000 Cs. The existing road bridge on Multan Shorkot road and
Railway Bridge were re-constructed and the existing weir was
dismantled. The object of new Sidhnai Barrage is to receive water
from Chenab and Jhelum rivers from Trimmu for feeding Sidhnai and
Sidhnai-Mailsi-Bahawal Canals

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13.GUDDU BARRAGE

Guddu Barrage was


constructed in 1962 on River The maximum design
Indus. discharge of 1.2 million
It controls irrigation supplies cusecs.
to 2.9 million acres of
It is a gate-controlled
agricultural lands in the
Jacobabad, Larkana and weir type barrage with
Sukkur districts of Sindh and a navigation lock.
the Nasirabad district of The barrage has 64
Balochistan. bays, each 60 feet
The cost of the project was wide.
474.8 million rupees.
The maximum flood
It feeds Ghotki Feeder,
level height of Guddu
Begari Feeder, Desert and
Pat Feeder canals. barrage is 26 feet.
. FIG:GUDDU BARRAGE

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14..SUKKUR BARRAGE

Sukkur Barrage was constructed Sukkur Barrage is used to control water flow in the River Indus for the
in 1932 on River Indus. It is purposes of irrigation and flood control. This Barrage which is the backbone
among the few large barrages in of the economy of the entire Country enables water to flow through what
the world. was originally a network of seven canals 6,166 miles (9,923 km) long,
feeding the largest irrigation system in the world, with more than 7.63
Sukkar Barrage is the largest
million acres of irrigated land which forms approximately 25% of total canal
barrage of Pakistan.
irrigated area of the country. The retaining wall of the Barrage has 66 spans
The maximum design discharge (outfall gates), each 60 feet (18 m) wide and weighing 50 tons.
of 1.5 million cusecs. The Nara canal which is one of the 7 Canals off taking from this Barrage is
The total designed withdrawal for the longest canal of this country, carrying discharge almost equal to that of
canals is 47,530 cusecs. Thames River at London and its bed width which is 346 ft. is 1 (one and
The barrage has 54 bays, each 60 half) times as big as of Suez Canal. In fact Nara Canal is not a man-made
feet wide. canal as it was the southernmost part of Hakro River which emanated from
the foot hills of Sutlej which after traversing through the Punjab and
The maximum flood level height
Bhawalpur Plains joined Nara through Raini River, the remnants of
of Sukkur barrage is 30 feet.
which are still exiting in Ghotki Taluka. This Canal caters for an
area of 2.3 million acres.

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FIG SUKKUR BARRAGE

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15.KOTRI BARRAGE

Kotri Barrage was constructed in


1955 on River Indus.
Kotri Barrage was constructed to
irrigate Fulleli, Pinyari and Kolari
canals through lined channels and
enhance agriculture in the lower
Sindh region. The maximum
design discharge of 875,000
cusecs.
The barrage has 44 bays, each 60
feet wide.
The length of the left and right
guide bank is 6,000 ft. The
maximum flood level height of
Kotri barrage is 43.1 feet.

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