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ABS VW

Aplicao Brasil

Estratgia para a Reposio

So Paulo, Maio de 2008

Knorr-Bremse Group
ndice

1. Famlia ABS6


Configurao modular da famlia ABS6
Viso geral das funes

2. ABS Anti-lock Braking System


Introduo
Arquitetura do sistema e componentes
Modo de Funcionamento

3. Reposio Peas e Operacional


Componentes do Sistema
Diagrama Eltrico
Deteco e Soluo de Falhas
Verificao do Sistema

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Famlia ABS6

ABS6 Viso Geral do Software e Hardware Advanced


ABS/ATC/ ESP
Conceito modular para todo o range de aplicaes.
 Custo otimizado para o ABS bsico;
 Diferentes nveis de performance com componentes padronizados
ABS6
ABS6
 Disponvel para 12V ou 24V Premium
 Montagem similar e ECU com pinos modulares compativeis ABS /ATC 6s/6m
Hardware
Hardware
&&
Software
Software
Platform
Platform

Standard
ABS 4s/4m

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Famlia ABS6

ABS6 Diversas configuraes possveis


Tipo de Tipo de Tipo de
Configurao Configurao Configurao
Veculo Veculo Veculo

4x2 4s/4m 6x4 6s/6m 8x2 6s/6m

4x2 4s/3m 6x4 6s/5m 8x2 6s/5m

4x2 4s/3m 6x4 6s/4m 8x4 6s/6m

6x2 6s/6m 6x4 6s/3m 8x4 6s/4m

6x2 6s/5m 6x4 4s/4m


8x4 4s/4m

Note:
Wheel Speed
6x2 6s/4m 6x4 4s/3m Sensor
Pressure
Modulator
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ATC Valve
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Famlia ABS6

ABS6 Funcionalidades

Funes
Funes Gerais
Gerais Opes
Opes da
da ECU
ECU Standard
Standard Opes
Opes da
da ECU
ECU Premium
Premium

-- At
At 6S/6M
6S/6M ABS
ABS Pacote
Pacote de
de Monitoramento
Monitoramento Pacote
Pacote de
de Trao
Trao
-- Monitoramento
Monitoramento de
de Freio
Freio -- Automatic
Automatic Traction
Traction Control
Control
-- 12
12 Volt
Volt ou
ou 24
24 Volt
Volt -- Velocidade
Velocidade de cada Roda
de cada Roda -- SMART
SMART ATC
ATC
-- SAE -- Drag
Drag Torque
Torque Control
Control (DTC)
(DTC)
SAE J1939
J1939 Link
Link (CAN)
(CAN)
Funo
Funo EBD
EBD
-- Electronic
Electronic Brakeforce
Brakeforce Freio
Freio de
de Parada
Parada
-- Blink
Blink Code
Code -- Freio
Distribution
Distribution (EBD)
(EBD) Freio de
de Parada
Parada atravs
atravs da
da
-- KWP2000
KWP2000 // SAEJ1587
SAEJ1587 Diagnosis
Diagnosis vlvula de controle de trao.
vlvula de controle de trao.
Armazenamento
Armazenamento dede dados
dados
-- Contador
Contador de
de Eventos
Eventos
-- Dados
Dados do
do campo
campo Opes
Opes da
da ECU
ECU Advanced
Advanced

Pacote
Pacote de
de Diagnstico
Diagnstico Pacote
Pacote ESP
ESP
-- CAN
CAN Diagnosis (J1939-73)
Diagnosis (J1939-73) -- Estabilidade
Estabilidade Lateral
Lateral
-- Controle
Controle de
de Momento
Momento Yaw
Yaw
-- Interfase
Interfase ACC
ACC
(em
(em desenvolvimento)
desenvolvimento)
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ABS Introduo

Introduo
ABS = Anti-lock Braking System

Tarefa:
 Controlar a fora de frenagem aplicada s rodas por meio de reduo, manuteno ou aumento da
presso das cmaras de freio.
 Evitar o travamento das rodas.

Objetivo:
Em superfcies escorregadias ou durante frenagens intensas
 Melhorar a dirigibilidade, facilitando manobras evasivas e aumentando a estabilidade nas curvas.
 Melhorar a performance de frenagem, reduzindo desgaste de pneus e distncia de parada para a
maioria dos casos.

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ABS Introduo

Representao do veculo com o sistema de ABS

1 Sensor de Velocidade

2 Vlvula Moduladora

3 ECU

4 Luz de Aviso do ABS

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ABS Introduo

Componentes do Sistema: Central Eletrnica (ECU)

 A ECU a central de comando do Sistema ABS.

 Disponvel para 12V e 24V.

 Deve ser montada em local protegido contra


umidade, radiao eletromagntica e protegida por
um fusvel.

 Monitora constantemente o sistema e avisa o


motorista no caso de mal funcionamento.

 As falhas detectadas so armazenadas e esto


disponveis para diagnstico.

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ABS Introduo

Funcionamento do Sistema
1. Sensores + Roda Dentada Identificao da velocidade das rodas do veculo;

2. ECU Processamento dos sinais enviados pelos sensores e clculo da velocidade do veculo
(velocidade de referncia);

3. ECU Escorregamento (velocidade das rodas x velocidade de referncia) e desacelerao


calculados para cada uma das rodas controladas;

4. ECU Comparao lgica entre esses parmetros e os valores estabelecidos para o sistema;

5. ECU Envio de sinal para as solenides das Vlvulas Moduladoras para controlar a presso das
cmaras de freio, caso seja necessrio;

6. Vlvulas Moduladoras Atravs da atuao das suas vlvulas solenides a presso da cmara de
freio pode ser reduzida, mantida constante ou aumentada;

7. O ciclo se repete.

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ABS Introduo

Componentes do Sistema: Sensor + Roda Dentada

 Roda Dentada fixada no Cubo da Roda

 Sensor fixado no Eixo e posicionado contra a


Roda Dentada.

 Im permanente no Sensor garante espaamento


ideal entre este e a Roda Dentada.

 Roda Dentada e induz uma tenso no formato


senoidal no Sensor.

 A freqncia desse sinal senoidal proporcional a


rotao da roda em questo.

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ABS Introduo

Componentes do Sistema: Sensor + Roda Dentada

t = tempo
Uss = Tenso Induzida na Bobina
F = Frequncia

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ABS Introduo

Componentes do Sistema: Vlvula Moduladora de Presso

 As Vlvulas Moduladoras de Presso so


controladas eletricamente pela ECU.

 Elas reduzem, mantm ou permitem total presso


de frenagem nas cmaras de freio.

 2 Solenides integradas.

 Disponvel em 12V e 24V. Conector do tipo


Bayonett DIN 72685.

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ABS Introduo

Funcionamento do Sistema
Condio Normal de Frenagem Sem interveno do ABS

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ABS Introduo

Funcionamento do Sistema
Sistema identifica tendncia de travamento Reduo da presso na cmara de freio

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ABS Introduo

Funcionamento do Sistema
Sistema identifica condio estvel Manuteno da presso na cmara de freio

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ABS Introduo

Funcionamento do Sistema
Sistema identifica acelerao da roda Presso aumenta na cmara de freio

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ABS Introduo

Funcionamento do Sistema
Exemplo esquemtico

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Reposio Peas e Operacional

PNs Knorr e VW do Sistema de ABS

Descrio PN Knorr PN VW

ECU com Suporte K017704-03 2Z0 905367E

Vlv. Moduladora II17776 2Z0 607262A

Sensor Vel. Diant 0486001064 2Z0 927748

Sensor Vel. Tras 0486000128 2T2 927748

Bucha de Fixao II16774 2Z0 614173

Todos os Componentes do Sistema da ABS devem ser substitu


substitudos no caso de falha

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Diagrama Eltrico do Sistema de ABS Standard

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Reposio Peas e Operacional

Diagrama Eltrico do Sistema de ABS Standard


Layout do Conector X1

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Reposio Peas e Operacional

Diagrama Eltrico do Sistema de ABS Standard


Layout do Conector X2

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Reposio Peas e Operacional

Deteco de Falhas
Layout do Conector X2

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2. ABS

Deteco de Falhas Blink Code

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2. ABS

Deteco de Falhas KWP2000 via CAN J1939

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2. ABS

Deteco de Falhas KWP2000 via CAN J1939

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2. ABS

Deteco de Falhas KWP2000 via CAN J1939

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2. ABS

Deteco de Falhas KWP2000 via CAN J1939

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Reparao e Instalao

Sensor de Velocidade
Instrues de Fixao
O Sensor de velocidade mantido na posio adequada
sob frico entre o furo e a bucha de fixao. A bucha de
fixao deve ser substituda ao mesmo tempo que o
sensor de velocidade.

Antes de montar o sensor deve ser lubrificado com graxa


especfica na regio de contato com a bucha de fixao.

Depois da insero da bucha de fixao no furo, o


sensor deve ser introduzido at encostar na roda
dentada (no utilize martelos ou outras ferramentas para
empurrar o sensor). O ajuste feito automaticamente.

Ateno com a passagem e fixao dos cabos pelo sistema.


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Reparao e Instalao

Roda Dentada
Recomendaes de Montagem
A roda dentada prensada sob interferncia com o cubo da roda. Normalmente essa
fixao feita a quente (no esquentar a mais de 150C). As diretrizes de fixao do
fabricante de eixo / veculo devem ser respeitadas. A tolerncia mxima admissvel um
run-out de 0.2mm.

Reparao
Quando desmontar o cubo de roda, deve-se limpar a roda dentada e verificar se existe
folga entre a mesma e o cubo. Alm verificar se existe algum dente denificado.

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Reparao e Instalao Roda Dentada com contaminao

Sensor

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Reparao e Instalao
Demais diretrizes sobre reparao e instalao verificar o manual de servios

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Diagnostics, Service

Verificao do Sistema

Possveis problemas:
 conector desconectado
 sensor no ajustado corretamente
 Roda dentada danificada ou no ajustada corretamente
 Cabos dos sensores e vlvulas invertidos
 Cabos rompidos
 Cabos curtociruitados com o terra ou com a bateria
 Componentes instalados incorretamente

 ABS um sistema de segurana, instalao e funcionamento


adequados devem ser verificados.

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Verificao do Sistema
Ferramenta de Diagnstico utiliza comunicao
serial (USB via conversor) para obter informao
e enviar comandos para a ECU

O sistema de diagnstico possibilita:


 Identificao do Sistema
 Verificao do Sistema Passo a Passo
 Reparao detalhada
 Testes de Verificao
 Atualizaes de Software (caso necessrio)
 Configurao do Sistema (caso necesrio)
 Documentao Online
 Arquivamento ou impresso dos resultados
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Verificao do Sistema

Technical Area
FG
FG CHASSI
CHASSI /FG
/FG ELECTRIC/KNORR
ELECTRIC/KNORR

ABS - EOL Test Procedure 19-320E


V 1.0 27/06/2007

c onc e pts a nd spe c ia l v e hi c le s 1 1 06 0 7 .ppt


Technical
Technical Area Area
Engineering - Manufac turing & Logis tics Supp ly
Engineering - Manufac turing & Logist ics Supp ly 1
R.Pizzi
R.Piz zi--VW/M.
VW/ M.Menabo
Menabo--VW
VW /R.
/R.Pelizzari
Pelizz ari--Knorr
Knorr

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