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ABSTRACT

Concentration of solution is the amount of solute in a given amount of solvent which can
be expressed by two specific terms namely molarity and percent by mass. The aim of this
experiment is to determine the molarity of a solution and percent by mass of acetic acid
in vinegar. The first experiment is done by titration of Potassium hydrogen phthalate
(KHP) with sodium hyroxide (NaOH) solution for standardization. The titration runs for
twice. Next, the vinegar (acidic solution) was titrated with standardize sodium hydroxide
(standard base). This experiment is also done for twice. According to the result obtained,
titration of NaOH with both KHP and vinegar shows higher pH value as the volume of
NaOH added increase. At some point, the curve of the graph shows rapid change of pH
value. This is because at that point, the volume of OHH is at sufficient enough to
completely neutralize the acidic solution. The hydrogen ion concentration thus decreases
and contributes to higher pH reading. As a conclusion, the equivalence point can be
occurs when the moles of acid in the solution equals to the moles of base added in the
titration and the concentration for acidic solution thus can be determined.