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# Design Combined Footing

Q1 Q2
R = Q1 Q2
L1 X L2
L3

h
qu

Chhun Deulish

## Given: Find : Spacing S & As

Column I Column II

PDL1 PDL2
1000 950
PLL1 860 PLL2 800
kN kN
PLr1 300 PLr2 250
P 100 P 80
W1 W2

## bc1 400 bc2 400

mm mm
hc1 600 hc2 600

kN
Allowable Soil Bearing Capacity under Footings qa 200
2
m

kN kN
con 24 soil 19
3 3
m m

## Reduction factor for Shear 0.75

Depth of foundation H 2m

db
d h CL
2

## Length of Foundation L1 1000mm

L3 6000mm

L2 1000mm

L L1 L2 L3 L 8m

Psls Q1 Q2 Psls 4535 kN

Psls 2
Required area Areq Areq 22.675 m
qa

Areq
Width of footing B Ceil 200mm B 3m
L

## Thus area of footing is A L B

2 2
A 24 m > Areq 22.675 m OK

Qcol.01 bc1 hc1 ( H h) con

Qcol.02 bc2 hc2 ( H h) con

Qu1 1.2 PDL1 Qcol.01 1.6 PLL1 0.5 PLr1

Qu2 1.2 PDL2 Qcol.02 1.6 PLL2 0.5 PLr2

## Qfoundation 1.2 B L h con

Qsoil 1.2 B L bc1 hc1 bc2 hc2 ( H h) soil

Ptotal Qu1 Qu2 Qfoundation Qsoil

Solution

In Long Direction

## 1. Determine the location of the resulant of the column loads.

L L
Qu1 L1 Qu2 L3 L1 Qfoundation Qsoil
2 2
x
Ptotal

L
e x if Qu2 Qu1 e 83.562 mm
2
L x otherwise

2
L
Eccentricity of Foundation "Ok" if e
6
"NG" otherwise

## Eccentricity of Foundation "Ok"

M Ptotal e M 543 kN m

Ptotal 6 M kN
qmax qmax 863.177
L 2 m
L

Ptotal 6 M kN
qmin qmin 761.365
L 2 m
L

## Vu (at inter face column ) Vdx 1183kN

Bending Moment for Combine Footing distace from face of support5.3m d 4.487 m

## Maximum for Negative Moment Mmax.neg 2040kN m

Punching Shear

A01 bc1 d hc1 d A01 1.713 m
2

Vu1 Qu1
A A01 Vu1 2538.531 kN
A

A02 bc2 d hc2 d A02 1.713 m
2

Vu2 Qu2
A A02 Vu2 2370.448 kN
A

## Perimeter of Critical Section

b01 bc1 d hc1 d 2
b01 5.25 m

b02 bc2 d hc2 d 2
b02 5.25 m
Ratio of Long side to short side of the column d 812.5 mm

bc1 bc2
01 01 0.667 02 02 0.667
hc1 hc2

## Modification factor for type of concrete

= 1 (ACI 8.6.1)

s = s 40 (ACI.11.11.2.1)

## Punching shear strength is the minimum of :

1 MPa f'c b d

3 MPa 01

1 MPa 1 2 f'c b d
Vc.01 min
6 01 MPa 01 (ACI.11.11.2)

1 s d f'c
12 MPa 2 b d
MPa 01
b01
Vc.01 5840.948 kN

1 MPa f'c b d
02
3 MPa
f'c

Vc.02 min MPa 1 b02 d
1 2

6
02 MPa (ACI.11.11.2)

1 s
d f'c
12 MPa b 2 MPa b02 d
02

Vc.02 5840.948 kN
Punching Shear "OK" if Vc.01 Vu1 Vc.02 Vu2

## One-way Shear in axis X

db
d h CL d 812.5 mm
2

## One Way Shear Strength

1 f'c
Vcx MPa B d Vcx 1668.842 kN (ACI.11.2.1.1)
6 MPa

## Calculate the bending moment and steel reinforcement

Width of Footing b B b 3m

Length of Footing L 8m

## Maximum for Negative Moment Mmax.neg 2040 kN m

Total tension reinforcement ratio
Mmax.neg kN
RL RL 1144.51
2 2
0.9 b d m

f'c RL
1
0.85 1 2 0.003
fy 0.85 f'c

## Minimum tesion reinforcement ratio

f'c
0.25MPa
MPa 1.4MPa
min1 max
fy
(ACI.10.5.1)
fy

min2 1.333 (ACI.10.5.3)

min min min1 min2 min 0.004

## Reinforcement area require

AsL max min b d AsL 8750 mm
2

Rebar dimeter db 25 mm

Areas db
2
2
4
Number of Rebars

AsL
n ceil n 18

Spacing Provide

b 2 50mm
SL Floor

10 mm SL 160 mm
n
2
As.pro.L n Ad As.pro.L 8835.729 mm
For Maximum Positive Bending Moment

## Calculate the bending moment and steel reinforcement

Width of Footing b B b 3m

Length of Footing L 8m

Mmax.pos kN
RL RL 148.337
2 2
0.9 b d m

f'c RL
1
0.85 1 2 0
fy 0.85 f'c

## Minimum tesion reinforcement ratio

f'c
0.25MPa
MPa 1.4MPa
min1 max
fy
(ACI.10.5.1)
fy

min2 1.333 (ACI.10.5.3)

min min min1 min2 min 0.001

## Reinforcement area require

AsL max min b d AsL 1239.452 mm
2

Rebar dimeter db 25 mm

Areas 2
db 2
4
Number of Rebars

AsL
n ceil n3

Spacing Provide

b 2 50mm
SL Floor

10 mm SL 960 mm
n
2
As.pro.L n Ad As.pro.L 1472.622 mm

## Temperature and Shrinkage for Long Direction in axis X

tL 0.0018

Width of Footing b B

## Tem and Shrink reinforcement require

As.shrikage.L tL b h 50%

2
As.shrikage.L 2430 mm

## Rebar dimeter dsh 22 mm

2
dsh 2
Areas Ash Ash 380.133 mm
4

Number of Rebars
As.shrikage.L
n ceil n7
Ash

Spacing Provide

SsL Floor
b 2 50 mm 10 mm

n
SsL 410 mm
In Short direction

Qsoil Qfoundation
Qu1
2 2 L kN
qu1 qu1 1113.195
A 2 m

2

Qsoil Qfoundation
Qu2
2 2 L kN
qu2 qu2 1052.861
A 2 m
2

Chhun Deulish