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Design Combined Footing

Q1 Q2
R = Q1 Q2
L1 X L2
L3

h
qu

Chhun Deulish

Given: Find : Spacing S & As


Column I Column II

PDL1 PDL2
1000 950
PLL1 860 PLL2 800
kN kN
PLr1 300 PLr2 250
P 100 P 80
W1 W2

Service Limit State

Q1 110% PDL1 PLL1 PLr1 PW1 Q1 2360 kN

Q2 110% PDL2 PLL2 PLr2 PW2 Q2 2175 kN

Section Column I Section Column II

bc1 400 bc2 400


mm mm
hc1 600 hc2 600

kN
Allowable Soil Bearing Capacity under Footings qa 200
2
m

Material f'c 30MPa fy 390MPa

kN kN
con 24 soil 19
3 3
m m

db 25mm dsh 22mm

Reduction factor for Shear 0.75

Depth of foundation H 2m

Assume Thickness of Footing h 900 mm

Clear Cover for footing CL 75 mm


db
d h CL
2

Length of Foundation L1 1000mm

L3 6000mm

L2 1000mm

L L1 L2 L3 L 8m

Total actual (working) loads


Psls Q1 Q2 Psls 4535 kN

Psls 2
Required area Areq Areq 22.675 m
qa

Areq
Width of footing B Ceil 200mm B 3m
L

Thus area of footing is A L B

2 2
A 24 m > Areq 22.675 m OK

Qcol.01 bc1 hc1 ( H h) con


Qcol.02 bc2 hc2 ( H h) con


Qu1 1.2 PDL1 Qcol.01 1.6 PLL1 0.5 PLr1


Qu2 1.2 PDL2 Qcol.02 1.6 PLL2 0.5 PLr2

Qfoundation 1.2 B L h con


Qsoil 1.2 B L bc1 hc1 bc2 hc2 ( H h) soil

Ptotal Qu1 Qu2 Qfoundation Qsoil

Solution

In Long Direction

1. Determine the location of the resulant of the column loads.


L L
Qu1 L1 Qu2 L3 L1 Qfoundation Qsoil
2 2
x
Ptotal

L
e x if Qu2 Qu1 e 83.562 mm
2
L x otherwise

2
L
Eccentricity of Foundation "Ok" if e
6
"NG" otherwise

Eccentricity of Foundation "Ok"


M Ptotal e M 543 kN m

Ptotal 6 M kN
qmax qmax 863.177
L 2 m
L

Ptotal 6 M kN
qmin qmin 761.365
L 2 m
L

Shear Force for Combine Footing distace d from face of support

Vu (at inter face column ) Vdx 1183kN

Bending Moment for Combine Footing distace from face of support5.3m d 4.487 m

Maximum for Positive Moment Mmax.pos 264.4kN m

Maximum for Negative Moment Mmax.neg 2040kN m

Punching Shear


A01 bc1 d hc1 d A01 1.713 m
2

Vu1 Qu1
A A01 Vu1 2538.531 kN
A


A02 bc2 d hc2 d A02 1.713 m
2

Vu2 Qu2
A A02 Vu2 2370.448 kN
A

Punching shear strength

Perimeter of Critical Section


b01 bc1 d hc1 d 2
b01 5.25 m


b02 bc2 d hc2 d 2
b02 5.25 m
Ratio of Long side to short side of the column d 812.5 mm

bc1 bc2
01 01 0.667 02 02 0.667
hc1 hc2

Modification factor for type of concrete

= 1 (ACI 8.6.1)

s = s 40 (ACI.11.11.2.1)

Punching shear strength is the minimum of :


1 MPa f'c b d

3 MPa 01

1 MPa 1 2 f'c b d
Vc.01 min
6 01 MPa 01 (ACI.11.11.2)

1 s d f'c
12 MPa 2 b d
MPa 01
b01
Vc.01 5840.948 kN

1 MPa f'c b d
02
3 MPa
f'c

Vc.02 min MPa 1 b02 d
1 2

6
02 MPa (ACI.11.11.2)

1 s
d f'c
12 MPa b 2 MPa b02 d
02

Vc.02 5840.948 kN
Punching Shear "OK" if Vc.01 Vu1 Vc.02 Vu2

"Inlarge Dept of Footing" otherwise

Punching Shear "OK"

Design of One-way Shear in axis X

One-way Shear in axis X

db
d h CL d 812.5 mm
2

Vu (at inter face column ) Vdx 1183kN

One Way Shear Strength

1 f'c
Vcx MPa B d Vcx 1668.842 kN (ACI.11.2.1.1)
6 MPa

One-way Shear Strength in axis X "Enough" if Vcx Vdx

"Inlarge the Section" otherwise

One-way Shear Strength in axis X "Enough"

Calculate Rebar of Combined Fooing

Long Direction in axis X

For Maximum Negative Bending Moment

Calculate the bending moment and steel reinforcement

Width of Footing b B b 3m

Length of Footing L 8m

Maximum for Negative Moment Mmax.neg 2040 kN m


Total tension reinforcement ratio
Mmax.neg kN
RL RL 1144.51
2 2
0.9 b d m

f'c RL
1
0.85 1 2 0.003
fy 0.85 f'c

Minimum tesion reinforcement ratio


f'c
0.25MPa
MPa 1.4MPa
min1 max
fy
(ACI.10.5.1)
fy

min2 1.333 (ACI.10.5.3)


min min min1 min2 min 0.004

Reinforcement area require


AsL max min b d AsL 8750 mm
2

Rebar dimeter db 25 mm

Areas db
2
2
Ad Ad 490.874 mm
4
Number of Rebars

AsL
n ceil n 18
Ad

Spacing Provide

b 2 50mm
SL Floor

10 mm SL 160 mm
n
2
As.pro.L n Ad As.pro.L 8835.729 mm
For Maximum Positive Bending Moment

Calculate the bending moment and steel reinforcement

Width of Footing b B b 3m

Length of Footing L 8m

Maximum for Positive Moment Mmax.pos 264.4 kN m

Total tension reinforcement ratio


Mmax.pos kN
RL RL 148.337
2 2
0.9 b d m

f'c RL
1
0.85 1 2 0
fy 0.85 f'c

Minimum tesion reinforcement ratio


f'c
0.25MPa
MPa 1.4MPa
min1 max
fy
(ACI.10.5.1)
fy

min2 1.333 (ACI.10.5.3)


min min min1 min2 min 0.001

Reinforcement area require


AsL max min b d AsL 1239.452 mm
2

Rebar dimeter db 25 mm

Areas 2
db 2
Ad Ad 490.874 mm
4
Number of Rebars

AsL
n ceil n3
Ad

Spacing Provide

b 2 50mm
SL Floor

10 mm SL 960 mm
n
2
As.pro.L n Ad As.pro.L 1472.622 mm

Temperature and Shrinkage for Long Direction in axis X

tL 0.0018

Width of Footing b B

Tem and Shrink reinforcement require

As.shrikage.L tL b h 50%

2
As.shrikage.L 2430 mm

Rebar dimeter dsh 22 mm


2
dsh 2
Areas Ash Ash 380.133 mm
4

Number of Rebars
As.shrikage.L
n ceil n7
Ash

Spacing Provide

SsL Floor
b 2 50 mm 10 mm

n
SsL 410 mm
In Short direction

Qsoil Qfoundation
Qu1
2 2 L kN
qu1 qu1 1113.195
A 2 m

2

Qsoil Qfoundation
Qu2
2 2 L kN
qu2 qu2 1052.861
A 2 m
2

Chhun Deulish