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# 1.

## Un testigo de concreto est confinado dentro de un molde cilndrico de acero y es sometido

a una fuerza de 1 tonelada, calcular:
A. La presin de contacto entre el concreto y el acero.
B. Los esfuerzos en el molde cilndrico.
C. La variacin del dimetro en el cilindro.
D. La variacin del volumen en el acero y en el testigo de concreto.

DATOS:

ACERO CONCRETO
kg kg
E = 2 106 E = 0.25 106
cm2 cm2
= 0.25 = 0.15

SOLUCION:
1000 kg
1 Ton = 1000 kg
1 Ton
1000
= = = 4.974
(82 ) 2

= = = 0.2227
2

## A. La presin de contacto entre el concreto y el acero.

1
C = ( ( y + z ))
x
1
C = (P 0.15( P 4.974))
0.25 106
1
C = (P + 0.15P + 0.7461)
0.25 106
1
C = (0.85P + 0.7461)
0.25 106
C = 3.4 106 + 2.9844 106

## Deformacin unitaria en el Acero:

A =

A =

8
A =
(0.4)(2106 )
8
A =
800000
Aplicando la Ley de Hooke:
C = A
8
3.4 106 + 2.9844 106 =
800000
(800000)(3.4 106 + 2.9844 106 ) = 8

2.72 P + 2.38752 = 8
2.72 P 8 P = 2.38752
10.72P = 2.38752

P = 0.2227
2

=

(0.2227) (8)
=
(0.4)

= 4.454
2

## C. La variacin del dimetro del cilindro.

= C
o C = (3.4 106 )(0.2227) + 2.9844 106

C = 2.22722 106

= 3.563552 105

= (X + Y + Z )

## La variacin del volumen en el acero:

= 2
= (82 ) (30)
= 6031.857895 3

X = (1 )( ( + ))
1
X = ( ) ( 0.2227 (0.25)(0.2227 4.974))
2 106
1
X = ( ) (0.2227 + 1.2992)
2 106
X = 5.3825 107

Y = (1 )( ( + ))
1
Y = ( ) ( 0.2227 (0.25)(0.2227 4.974))
2 106
1
Y = ( ) (0.2227 + 1.2992)
2 106
Y = 5.3825 107

Z = (1 )( ( + ))
1
Z = ( ) ( 4.974 (0.25)(0.2227 0.2227))
2 106
1
Z = ( ) (4.974 + 0.11135)
2 106
Z = 2.431325 106

## = 8.1721 103 3 0.0081721 3

La variacin del Volumen en el Testigo de Concreto:

= 2
= (82 ) (30)
= 6031.857895 3

X = (1 )( ( + ))
1
X = ( ) ( 0.2227 (0.15)(0.2227 4.974))
0.25 106
1
X = ( ) (0.2227 + 0.7795)
0.25 106
X = 2.2272 106

Y = (1 )( ( + ))
1
Y = ( ) ( 0.2227 (0.15)(0.2227 4.974))
0.25 106
1
Y = ( ) (0.2227 + 1.2992)
0.25 106
Y = 2.2272 106

Z = (1 )( ( + ))
1
Z = ( ) ( 4.974 (0.15)(0.2227 0.2227))
0.25 106
1
Z = ( ) (4.974 + 0.06681)
0.25 106
Z = 1.962876 105

= 0.0915 3