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THE NEW STEP BY STEP GUIDE IN CPR FOR LAY / UNTRAINED center of the chest by pressing down with

of the chest by pressing down with two hands compressing the chest 2
RESCUERS: to 2.4 inches at a rate of 100 120 per minute.

IF A PATIENT/VICTIM SUDDENLY DROPS UNCONSCIOUS OR IS SEEN


UNCONSCIOUS:

1. Survey the scene to see if its safe to do CPR.


2. Check victims unresponsiveness. If unresponsive, roll victim on his/her
back.
3. Call for help; activate the emergency medical services; call for an
ambulance/doctor.
4. Start chest compressions. Place the heel of your hand on the center of the
victim's chest. Put your other hand on top of the first with your fingers
interlaced.
5. Press down and compress the chest at least 2 to 2.4 inches in adults. Allow
complete recoil after each compression. Compress continuously with both
hands at a rate of 100 -120/minute (Compress to the tune of Bee Gee's
song "Stayin' Alive.")
6. For lay or untrained rescuers, continue this Hands Only CPR - do
continuous chest compressions until help arrives, an automated external
defibrillator (AED) is available or the emergency personnel arrives, or the
victim is revived back to life.

THE NEW STEP BY STEP GUIDE IN CPR FOR TRAINED RESCUERS:

IF A PATIENT/VICTIM SUDDENLY DROPS UNCONSCIOUS OR IS SEEN


UNCONSCIOUS:

1. Survey the scene to see if its safe to do CPR.


2. Check victims unresponsiveness. If unresponsive, roll victim on his/her
back.
3. Call for help; activate the emergency medical services; call for an
ambulance/doctor.
4. Start chest compressions. Place the heel of your hand on the center of the
victim's chest. Put your other hand on top of the first with your fingers
interlaced.
5. Press down and compress the chest at least 2 to 2.4 inches in adults. Allow
complete recoil after each compression. Compress 30 times with both
hands at a rate of 100 - 120/minute or more (Compress to the tune of Bee
Gee's song "Stayin' Alive.").
6. After 30 compressions, you can now open the airway with a head tilt and
chin lift.
7. Pinch to close the nose of the victim. Take a normal breath, cover the
victim's mouth with yours to create an airtight seal, and then give two,
one-second breaths as you watch the chest rise.
8. Continue cycles of compressions and breaths -- 30 compressions, two
breaths - until help arrives, until an automated external defibrillator (AED)
is available, until the victim is revived back to life, or until the emergency
medical personnel takes over.

If the rescuer is unsure or not confident or hesitant about doing mouth to


mouth breathing, or does not have a barrier device for mouth to mouth, he
may just do compression only, or Hands Only CPR: press hard and fast in the

Manual on Basic and Advanced Cardiac Life Support 11 44


Manual on Basic and Advanced Cardiac Life Support 11 11 Manual on Basic and Advanced Cardiac Life Support 11 22

This maneuver prevents airway obstruction


by the epiglottis.
Manual on Basic and Advanced Cardiac Life Support 11 33