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GRAMMAR II

PRACTICAL ASSIGNMENT N 6: ADVERBIAL CLAUSES


NAME: .. DATE:

Good afternoon. This is news to the hour from the World Broadcasting Network.
The cease-fire has been broken in Franconia. When asked whether he would attend
the upcoming peace conference in Geneva, dissident leader Amalde declined to
commit himself, saying that the success of the conference depends on the good-faith
actions of Mr. Tintor, the country's president. Mr. Amalde went on to say that Mr.
5 Tintor could demonstrate good faith agreeing to free and unconditional talks.
Interviewed about Mr. Amalde's comments, an aide to President Tintor, speaking on
condition of anonymity, said that he did not expect the peace conference to take place
as planned.
Meanwhile, researchers from the Global Health Foundation announced plans to test a
10 new vaccine for AIDS. Acknowledging that the current vaccine is ineffective, the
researchers claim that their new vaccine is a marked improvement over the old one
and believe that it holds great promise.
Scientists at NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Association, announced plans
to launch a new space telescope with four times the magnification power of the
15 existing space instrument. Having conducted successful repairs and identified flaws on
Magna Maria, NASA's existing instrument, the agency is confident that the new
telescope will be well worth its billion-dollar price tag.
As everyone in the international community expected, Illyria, a new nation, comes into
existence at midnight tonight. The new nation has been carved out of the eastern
20 portion of Spartania. According to its new president, Illyria will need massive infusions
of foreign aid to be a viable state.
Occupy Wall Street was started in New York by the Canadian activist group Adbusters.
The movement is now being compared to the Tahrir Square protests in Cairo earlier
this year and the Arab Spring. Jesse LaGreca, a leader of Occupy Wall Street, spoke on
25 U.S. television about the spread of the protests around the world. He said: "We are
seeing our future stolen away from us while the wealthiest one percent get richer and
richer, and I'm glad people are taking a role and participating in their democracy." He
added: What is better, the growth is happening very organically, attaining
communication among protesters worldwide through Twitter, through Facebook,
30 through social media, and just through friends who are concerned about each other."
Being knocked off its perch by Caltech (the California Institute of Technology),
Harvard University has lost its top spot in the ranking of world universities for the first
time in eight years. Seven of the top 10 colleges were in the U.S. and the rest were in
Britain. Phil Baty, editor of the rankings, explained that Caltech leapfrogged Harvard
35 because it had found greater funding for its research. He said: Even though the
difference between Harvard and Caltech last year was minuscule, whats happened
this year is Caltech has seen a significant increase in its research income. A 16 percent
increase was quite significant to tip the balance over in its favor. Dr. Jean-Lou
Chameau, president of Caltech, said: Caltech is fortunate to have steadfast donors
40 and partners whose support gives [the university] the ability to invest in new ideas
long before they would be eligible for public funding opportunities.
Britains government has been debating whether to shut down social media sites
during times of public disorder. Prime Minister David Cameron has said police may
need extra powers to curb them, even though he praised their use in the protests that
45 led to the fall of Hosni Mubaraks government in Egypt earlier this year. Social
networking sites like Facebook, Twitter and Blackberry Messenger were used
extensively by rioters wherever the countrys recent social unrest took place. They
enabled looters and gangs to organise themselves and carry out attacks on police and
property. Setting up a Facebook event entitled "Smash Down Northwich Town, two
50 men were jailed for four years. Neither of the men took part in any rioting.
Bullfighting has come to an end in northeastern Spain. Fans in the region of Catalonia
saw their last fights on September 25. Although the actual ban comes into effect on
the first of January, 2012, Sundays fighting was the last of the season. Over 20,000
spectators packed Barcelona's Monumental arena to see this age-old spectacle
55 performed in the city for the last time. One matador, Julian Lopez, told the AP news
agency: Having a lot of tradition both for bullfighters and this national celebration,
this is such a beautiful arena. Catalonia decided to ban bullfighting last year after
180,000 people signed a petition against it, arguing the corrida was barbaric.
Opponents of the ban believe they have a chance of getting it overturned next year.
60 That's news to the hour; stay tuned for breaking developments.

1. Identify with square brackets every adverbial clause in this text. Number them.
2. State the semantic role of each adverbial clause:

Paragraph 1: 26.
1. 27.
2. 28. ..........
3.
4.
5.
6.
Paragraph 2:
7.
Paragraph 3:
8.
9.
Paragraph 4:
10. .
11. .
Paragraph 5:
12. ..
13.
14. .
Paragraph 6:
15. ..
16. ..
17. ..
18. ..
19. ..
Paragraph 7:
20. .
21. ..
22. ..
23. .
Paragraph 8:
24. ..
25.
3. Write your own adverbial clauses with the stated role and form to complete this
independent statement:
.., social media sites are useful..
a. (time / finite)..

b. (condition / non-finite)

c. (concession/verbless)..

d. (cause or reason/non-finite)..

e. (purpose/non-finite)..

f. (comment / non-finite).

4. Reduce the following adverbial clauses, when possible

1. While tourists from wealthy nations are enjoying their vacations in poor nations,
they don't realize how desperate the lives of people they see on the streets may be.
2. When some tourists are giving money to beggars on the street, they mistakenly
think they are doing their part to help the poor.
3. Tourists cannot truly understand the plight of the poor unless they are provided
with firsthand knowledge of poverty.
4. Poor people will not be able to escape poverty until governments give them job
opportunities.
5. Many citizens support gun control because they believe that the easy availability of
guns is a key ingredient in violent crime.
6. Teenagers should be involved in meaningful activities so that they dont get
involved in crime.
GRAMMAR II
PRACTICAL ASSIGNMENT N 6: ADVERBIAL CLAUSES
NAME: .. DATE:

Good afternoon. This is news to the hour from the World Broadcasting Network.
The cease-fire has been broken in Franconia. (1)When asked whether he would attend
the upcoming peace conference in Geneva, dissident leader Amalde declined to
commit himself, (2) saying that the success of the conference depends on the good-
5 faith actions of Mr. Tintor, the country's president. Mr. Amalde went on (3) to say that
Mr. Tintor could demonstrate good faith (4) agreeing to free and unconditional talks.
Interviewed about Mr. Amalde's comments, an aide to President Tintor, speaking on
condition of anonymity, said that he did not expect the peace conference to take place
(5) as planned.
10 Meanwhile, researchers from the Global Health Foundation announced plans to test a
new vaccine for AIDS. (6) Acknowledging that the current vaccine is ineffective, the
researchers claim that their new vaccine is a marked improvement over the old one
and believe that it holds great promise.
Scientists at NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Association, announced plans
15 to launch a new space telescope with four times the magnification power of the
existing space instrument. (7)Having conducted successful repairs and identified flaws
on Magna Maria, NASA's existing instrument, the agency is confident that the new
telescope will be well worth its billion-dollar price tag.
(8) As everyone in the international community expected, Illyria, a new nation, comes
20 into existence at midnight tonight. The new nation has been carved out of the eastern
portion of Spartania. According to its new president, Illyria will need massive infusions
of foreign aid (9) to be a viable state.
Occupy Wall Street was started in New York by the Canadian activist group Adbusters.
The movement is now being compared to the Tahrir Square protests in Cairo earlier
25 this year and the Arab Spring. Jesse LaGreca, a leader of Occupy Wall Street, spoke on
U.S. television about the spread of the protests around the world. He said: "We are
seeing our future stolen away from us (10) while the wealthiest one percent get richer
and richer, and I'm glad people are taking a role and participating in their democracy."
He added: (11) What is better, the growth is happening very organically, (12)
30 attaining communication among protesters worldwide through Twitter, through
Facebook, through social media, and just through friends who are concerned about
each other."
(13) Being knocked off its perch by Caltech (the California Institute of Technology),
Harvard University has lost its top spot in the ranking of world universities for the first
35 time in eight years. Seven of the top 10 colleges were in the U.S. and the rest were in
Britain. Phil Baty, editor of the rankings, explained that Caltech leapfrogged Harvard
(14) because it had found greater funding for its research. He said: (15) Even though
the difference between Harvard and Caltech last year was minuscule, whats
happened this year is Caltech has seen a significant increase in its research income. A
40 16 percent increase was quite significant (16) to tip the balance over in its favor. Dr.
Jean-Lou Chameau, president of Caltech, said: Caltech is fortunate to have steadfast
donors and partners whose support gives [the university] the ability to invest in new
ideas (17) long before they would be eligible for public funding opportunities.
Britains government has been debating whether to shut down social media sites
45 during times of public disorder. Prime Minister David Cameron has said police may
need extra powers (18)to curb them, (19)even though he praised their use in the
protests that led to the fall of Hosni Mubaraks government in Egypt earlier this year.
Social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter and Blackberry Messenger were used
extensively by rioters (20)wherever the countrys recent social unrest took place. They
50 enabled looters and gangs to organise themselves and carry out attacks on police and
property. (21)Setting up a Facebook event entitled "Smash Down Northwich Town,
two men were jailed for four years. Neither of the men took part in any rioting.
Bullfighting has come to an end in northeastern Spain. Fans in the region of Catalonia
saw their last fights on September 25. (22)Although the actual ban comes into effect
55 on the first of January, 2012, Sundays fighting was the last of the season. Over 20,000
spectators packed Barcelona's Monumental arena (23) to see this age-old spectacle
performed in the city for the last time. One matador, Julian Lopez, told the AP news
agency: (24) Having a lot of tradition both for bullfighters and this national
celebration, this is such a beautiful arena. Catalonia decided to ban bullfighting last
60 year (25) after 180,000 people signed a petition against it, (26) arguing the corrida
was barbaric. Opponents of the ban believe they have a chance of getting it
overturned next year.
That's news to the hour; stay tuned for breaking developments.

5. Identify with square brackets every adverbial clause in this text. Number them.
6. State the semantic role of each adverbial clause:

Paragraph 1: Paragraph 6:
29. time 41. reason
30. manner 42. reason
31. purpose 43. contrast
32. manner 44. purpose
33. manner 45. time
Paragraph 2: Paragraph 7:
34. cause 46. purpose
Paragraph 3: 47. contrast
35. cause 48. place
Paragraph 4: 49. reason
36. comment Paragraph 8:
37. purpose 50. contrast
Paragraph 5: 51. purpose
38. contrast 52. reason
39. comment 53. time
40. reason/manner ? 54. reason

7. Write your own adverbial clauses with the stated role and form to complete this
independent statement:
.., social media sites are useful..
g. (time / finite)..

h. (condition / non-finite)

i. (concession/verbless)..

j. (cause or reason/non-finite)..

k. (purpose/non-finite)..

l. (comment / non-finite).
8. Reduce the following adverbial clauses, when possible

1. (While) tourists from wealthy nations are enjoying their vacations in poor nations,
they don't realize how desperate the lives of people they see on the streets may be.
2. When some tourists are giving money to beggars on the street, some tourists
mistakenly think they are doing their part to help the poor.
3. Tourists cannot truly understand the plight of the poor, unless they are provided
with firsthand knowledge of poverty.
4. Poor people will not be able to escape poverty until governments give them job
opportunities. (not possible)
5. Many citizens support gun control because they believing that the easy availability
of guns is a key ingredient in violent crime.
6. Teenagers should be involved in meaningful activities so that they dont not to get
involved in crime.