You are on page 1of 16

2015-DSE

MOCK EXAM B
BIO
PAPER 1B

Candidate Number

Seat Number B I O L

BIOLOGY PAPER 1
by Andy Tse
SECTION B: Question-Answer Book B
This paper must be answered in English

INSTRUCTIONS FOR SECTION B

(1) After the announcement of the start of examination,


you should first write your Candidate Number and
Seat Number in the spaces provided on Page 1.

(2) Refer to the general instructions on the cover of the


Question Paper for Section A.

(3) Answer ALL questions.

(4) Write your answers in the spaces provided in this


Question-Answer Book. Do not write in the margins.
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

(5) Supplementary answer sheets will be supplied on


request. Write your Candidate Number and Seat
Number on each sheet, and fix them INSIDE this
Question-Answer Book.

(6) Present your answers in paragraphs wherever


appropriate.

(7) The diagrams in this section are NOT necessarily


drawn to scale.

(8) No extra time will be given to candidates for filling in


the question number boxes after the Time is up
announcement.

Andy Tse
All Rights Reserved 2015
2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-1 1
SECTION B

Answer ALL questions. Put your answers in the spaces provided.

1. Select the appropriate deficiency symptoms listed in Column 2 to match the food substances
given in Column 1. Put the appropriate letter(s) in the space provided. (3 marks)

Column 1 Column 2
A. reduced amount of red blood cells
calcium
B. poor healing of wounds
iron
C. poor vision in the darkness
vitamin C
D. muscle cramping

2. Disease X is caused by an autosomal gene defect. The pedigree below shows the inheritance of
disease X in a family:
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


key:
 Normal male
 Normal female
 Male with disease X
 Female with disease X

(a) Deduce whether the allele for disease X is dominant or recessive. Explain your deduction.
(Marks will not be awarded for genetic diagrams.) (5 marks)

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-2 2 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
(b) Which of the above individuals must be heterozygous? (1 mark)

(c) If individuals 6 and 7 are going to have another child, what would be the chance of the child
being normal? (1 mark)

(d) Disease X is fatal if left untreated. Explain why the allele causing such a serious disease is
not eliminated in the human population. (3 marks)
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-3 3 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
3. The diagram below shows the transverse section of the spinal cord and an outline of the leg:
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


(a) On the above diagram, draw the reflex arc for the knee jerk reflex and label the different
components of the reflex arc. (3 marks)

(b) Name the type of joint involved in this reflex and the type of muscle which contracts to kick
the leg up. (2 marks)

(c) The following electron micrograph shows the junction between two neurones inside the
spinal cord:

(i) Name this junction. (1 mark)

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-4 4 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
(ii) Is nerve fibre X a dendron or an axon? With reference to one observable feature shown
in the electron micrograph, give reasons for your choice. (3 marks)

4. The photomicrograph below shows the appearance of the epidermal cells of a plant after they
have been immersed in a concentrated glucose solution for 10 minutes. The cytoplasm of the
epidermal cells contains a red pigment.
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


Cell X

(a) With reference to the photomicrograph, draw a labelled high-power diagram of cell X in the
space below. (3 marks)

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-5 5 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
(b) Explain why the colour intensity and distribution of pigment of different cells vary.
(3 marks)

(c) One hour later, the cells in the glucose solution were found to restore their original
appearance. Account for this observation. (3 marks)
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


5. Peter is instructed to investigate the relative abundance of stomata on the upper and lower
epidermis of a leaf of Coleus (a terrestrial dicotyledonous plant) without using a microscope. He
suggested comparing the rates of water loss from the two surfaces of the leaf.

(a) What is the principle underlying Peters suggestion? (1 mark)

(b) Outline an appropriate method for Peters experimental design. (3 marks)

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-6 6 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
6. A native plant, dodder, having no leaves or roots, coils around other plants and obtains essential
substances from them. The photograph below shows a dodder growing on another plant:
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


(a) What is the ecological relationship between these two plants? (1 mark)

(b) The following photomicrograph is a cross section made at the point of contact between the
two plants.

At the point of contact, dodder inserts a penetrating organ into the hosts tissues to suck
fluids from them. A and B are two branches of the penetrating organ.

(i) Into which tissue is each of the two branches A and B inserted? (2 marks)

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-7 7 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
(ii) What are the essential substances being acquired by dodder via A and B respectively?
(2 marks)

(c) Dodders may attack some crops. It is found that if another crop is cultivated in rotation with
the affected crop, dodder can be eradicated. Explain this observation. (2 marks)
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


7. The photographs below show two different plants.

Plant P (magnification x 4) Plant Q (magnification x 1/10)

(a) Which of these two plants is a moss? Give a reason for your choice. (2 marks)

(b) State one characteristic of the habitat of plant P. Explain your answer. (2 marks)

(c) Explain briefly why the reproductive unit of plant Q has a higher chance to develop into a
new plant successfully. (2 marks)

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-8 8 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
8. The electron micrographs below show the structures of chloroplasts from mesophyll cells of a
plant.

(a) Name structure B. Explain how it is adapted to its function in photosynthesis. (4 marks)
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


(b) In the presence of light, triose phosphate is synthesized in A.

(i) Outline the pathway which leads to its production from carbon dioxide. (3 marks)

(ii) When light is blocked, the level of triose phosphate is found to decrease. Explain this
observation. (2 marks)

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-9 9 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
9. The following flow chart shows the route taken by sperms for conception:

sperms produced in testes

(1)

transfer of sperms towards seminal vesicles

(2)

ejaculation of sperms into vagina

(3)

sperms swim into uterus and oviduct

(4)

fertilization at oviduct
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


(5)

implantation of embryo

(a) State the contraceptive methods indicated by (4) and (5). (2 marks)

(b) Both method (2) and method (3) share the same principle.

(i) Explain this principle. (2 marks)

(ii) Explain why method (2) is preferred to method (3) if the concept of safe sex is applied.
(1 mark)

(c) A man can be infertile if his sperm count is low. Suggest a technology which can be used to
assist his reproduction. (1 mark)

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-10 10 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
10. In the history of discovery of the circulatory system, there were many erroneous views from
various scholars.

(a) The photomicrograph below shows the cross section of two blood vessels associated with a
certain human organ.

X Y
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


(i) Which of these two blood vessels is an artery? Give an evidence to support your
answer. (2 marks)

(ii) In 2nd century AD, the Greek physician Galen believed that the heart did not pump
blood around, and the blood moved by the pulsation of the arteries themselves.
Based on the present biological knowledge, account for the pulsation of arteries.
(3 marks)

(b) William Harvey (1578 1657), an English physician, was the first known to describe
completely and in detail the circulatory system. At the time of Harveys publication, Galen
had been an influential medical authority for several centuries. Galen believed that blood
passed between the ventricles by means of invisible pores in the septum. According to
Galens views, the venous system was quite separate from the arterial system, except when
they came in contact through the unseen pores. Arabic scholar Ibn al-Nafis had disputed
aspects of Galens views. He stated that blood moved from the heart to the lungs, where it
mixed with air, and then back to the heart, from which it spread to the rest of the body.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-11 11 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
(i) Ibn al-Nafis provided a model that implies a form of pulmonary circulation. Based on
the present biological knowledge, outline the pathway of the pulmonary circulation,
including the chambers of the heart involved. (3 marks)

(ii) Harvey had theorized the existence of capillaries; however, he was never capable of
understanding how blood passed from the arterioles into the venules. Harveys
discoveries inevitably came into conflict with Galen's teachings and his publication
incited considerable controversy within the medical community. Some doctors
affirmed they would rather go wrong with Galen than proclaim the truth with Harvey.

Elaborate on how the above example can be used to demonstrate the two aspects of the
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


nature of science listed in the table below. (2 marks)

Nature of Science Elaboration


Science is affected by
the technology and the
types of equipment
available at the time.

Science is socially and


culturally embedded.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-12 12 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
11. Influenza and dengue fever are two common infectious diseases. Give a comparative account of
these two diseases with respect to their causes, modes of transmission and prevention.
(11 marks)
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-13 13 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-14 14 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved
Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

END OF PAPER

ANDY TSES PRODUCTION 2015

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


NO UNAUTHORISED COPY!

Answers written in the margins will not be marked.


2015-DSE-MOCK-BIO 1B-15 15 Andy Tse All Rights Reserved

Flat/Room Floor

Building

Estate Name/No. & Name of Street/Lot No. //

District

H.K. / KLN / N.T. / H )


(

20/3/2015 20/4/2015


(


)
A. 55 S 2 ()
B. 580A 5 ()
C. 1 103 ()
D. 4 13
E. 2 2 205 ()
F. 375-379 4

___________________ ____________________