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ARABIAN

LITERATURE
by: Shara May M. Anacay
BSE - English
Saudi Arabia
O It is found in the Middle East
between the Persian Gulf and the
Red Sea.
O It boarders Jordan, Iraq, and
Kuwait to the north, Yemen to the
south, and Oman, the United Arab
Emirates (UAE) and Qatar to the
east.
O It is divided into 13 provinces.
Dessert
O95% of their land is dessert.
Riyadh
OThe capital, located in the
central eastern part of the
country.
Arabs
O Originated in the descendants of
indigenous tribes and lived along
the Persian Gulf Coast.
Arabian Peninsula
OIs also the homeland of Islam.
Islam
OThe worlds second largest
religion.
Mecca and Medina
OTwo holy
pilgrimage
cities.
OMecca the
Blessed
OMedina the
Radiant
Ottoman Empire
ODominated in the middle 18th
century.
Pork
OIt is considered unclean.
Lunch
ODays main meal.
Alcohol consumption
ONightlife are forbidden.
Abaya
OBlack robes and
face covering of
female as a sign of
respect for Muslim
modesty laws.
Nepotism
OFavoritism granted to relatives.
Storytelling
OAnother favorite form of artistic
expression.
Ramadan
OThe holiest season
marks fasting.
Muhammad
O Their prophet.
O the central figure of Islam
and widely identified as
its founder by non-
Muslims.
O He is known as the
"Holy Prophet" to
Muslims, almost all of
whom consider him to be
the final prophet of God.
Quran
OSacred scripture.
O114 suras or chapters
O6,236 ayat or verses
Arabic
O The term for their
language.
O a Central Semitic
language that was
first spoken in Iron
Age northwestern
Arabia and is now
the lingua franca of
the Arab world.
Jihad
OHoly war between Christians
and Muslims.
Umayyad Empire
OArabic Prose Literature
grammatical treatise,
commentaries on the Quran and
compiling of stories about
Muhammad.

OGhazals love lyrics


Abbasid Empire
O One thousand and One Nights
also called as the Arabian Nights. It is
the collection of Middle Eastern
South Asian stories and folk tales.
O Richard Francis Burton translated
the One thousand and One night to
English version.
O Rawis - storytellers
Modern Period
O Nahdah means
reawakening

O Saj or rhymed
prose most
striking
characteristics
feature of Arabic
prose.
Golden Age or Arabic Prose
OMora interactive and assuring
anecdotes.

OOccasional Poems 2 to 20
lines; theme about war and
revenge and praise of ones
own tribe.
Collection or Anthologies
O Al Mullagqat a group of pre-Islamic
Odes.
O 3 types of collection:
1. Al-Mu-Allkat suspended
2. Al hamasa anthrology compiled by
poets
3. Mujaddiyat collection of poems

Kasidas a type of literature


Adab Arabic word used for Literature
which means etiquette.
Types of Muslim
1. Sunni highest form of
Muslim ( 80% )
2. Shiite 10 16 persons
3. Sufis experience of god.
4. Baha modern Muslim
2 Major types of Muslim
1. Secularist Muslim who do not
have the knowledge of the Quran.
They are the modern ones. They only
know some verses of the Quran.
(Surat Al Kahf)

2. Fundamentalist foundations of
Quran. They want to apply the more
extreme verses of the Quran to the
letter.
Fundamentalist beliefs:
1. The Prophet Muhammad urges Muslims to fight
in the cause of Allah.
2. The Quran commands Muslims no to befriend
Jews or Christians.
3. The Quran commands Muslims to fight Jews or
Christians.
4. The Quran commands Muslims to fight non-
Muslims until they are exterminate.
5. The Quran declares that Muslims who fight and
die in the battle are promised forgiveness and a
sexual luxurious life in paradise.
Stories
O The Quran
O The Arabian Nights
O The Lady and her five Suitors
O Love by Kahlil Gibran
O The Prophet
O The Twelve Apostle
O Bewildered Arab
O The Food of Paradise
O The Greedy Jackal
O Count not your chicken before they hatched
THANK YOU
FOR
WATCHING!