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CONCEPCION HOLY CROSS COLLGES

Final Examination
Nutrition for HR
st
1 Sem., A.C. 201718

Name: _________________________Date: _____________Score: _____________


Student I.D. No.# _________________ Student Permit No# ___________________

TEST 1Multiple Choice

1. Legumes (dry beans) are in which Food Guide Pyramid group?


o A. Fruit/vegetable
o B. Bean/bread
o C. Meat/protein
o D. Bread/cereal
2. All of the following are characteristic of cholesterol except
o A. It is used for making estrogen and testosterone.
o B. It is incorporated into cell membranes.
o C. It is converted to bile.
o D. It is an essential nutrient.
3. The body energy that can be stored in almost unlimited amounts is
o A. Glycogen
o B. Protein
o C. Glucose
o D. Triglyceride.
4. Where does digestion begin?
o A. Small intestine
o B. Mouth
o C. Stomach
o D. Aesophagus
5. If a fat contains mostly saturated fatty acids, it is likely to be
o A. Solid at room temperature.
o B. Soft at room temperature.
o C. Rancid at room temperature.
o D. Liquid at room temperature.
6. When looking at the ingredient label of a bottled spaghetti sauce, you see that
olive oil is the second ingredient. This means that
o A. Olive oil is the second ingredient by weight.
o B. Olive oil is the second ingredient by alphabetical listing.
o C. Olive oil is the second ingredient by amount present in the sauce.
o D. Olive oil is just one of the ingredients present in the sauce.
7. The function of thick mucus in the stomach is to
o A. Promote fat digestion.
o B. Protect stomach cells from acid and enzymes.

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o C. Activate stomach enzymes.
o D. Keep the stomach bacteria-free.
8. To be transported throughout the body, fats are packaged in structures called
o A. Phospholipids.
o B. Micelles.
o C. Lipoproteins.
o D. Triglycerides.
9. Which of the following is a major source of lactose?
o A. Buttermilk
o B. Broccoli
o C. Honey
o D. Lactose
10. Nutrient density can be defined as
o A. The amount of k-calories in a food divided by the amount of k-calories needed in a
day.
o B. The amount of a particular nutrient in a serving of food divided by the number of
k=calories in that serving.
o C. The amount of a particular nutrient in a serving of food divided by the number of
grams of protein.
o D. The amount of a nutrient in a serving of food divided by the amount of the nutrient
needed for that day.
11. A saturated fatty acid contains
o A. 2 to 12 double bonds.
o B. A No double bonds
o C. 14 to 24 double bonds.
o D. One double bond.
12. Which of the following hormones corrects a hyper-glycemic state?
o A. Insulin
o B. Glucagon
o C. Epinephrine
o D. Cortisol
13. Which of the following is not true about water?
o A. Provides a way to transport nutrients and waste
o B. Dietary need of approximately 8 cups per day
o C. Provides energy
o D. By-product of cell chemical reactions
14. Which of the following are substances in plant foods that are not digested in
the stomach or small intestine?
o A. Dietary fibre
o B. Dextrose
o C. Disaccharides
o D. Simple sugars
15. A k-calorie is a measure of
o A. Sugar and fat in food.

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o B. Nutrients in food
o C. Fat in food
o D. Heat energy
16. Starch is comprised of hundreds and perhaps thousands of which molecule?
o A. Glucose
o B. Galactose
o C. Fructose
o D. Glycerol
17. What structure prevents food from entering the trachea when you swallow?
o A. Esophagus
o B. Tonsils
o C. Epiglottis
o D. Tongue
18. The muscular contractions that move food through the digestive tract are
called
o A. Peristalsis
o B. Compression
o C. Propulsion
o D. Regurgitation
19. Which of the following is characteristic of lipids?
o A. Supply 4 k-calories per gram
o B. Supply a concentrated form of fuel for the body
o C. Add structural strength to bones and muscles
o D. Add sweetness to food
20. Which of the following contains a rich supply of omega-3 fatty acids?
o A. Sirloin
o B. Chicken
o C. Broccoli
o D. Salmon
21. Which of the following nutrients can directly supply energy for human use?
o A. Lipids and oils
o B. Fibre
o C. Minerals
o D. Vitamins
22. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide?
o A. Glucose
o B. Fructose
o C. Galactose
o D. Lactose
23. Most digestion takes place in the
o A. Pancreas
o B. Small intestine
o C. Large intestine
o D. Stomach

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24. All the following are sources of cholesterol except
o A. Peanut butter
o B. Turkey meat
o C. Whole milk
o D. Butter
25. Healthy People 2010 was designed to
o A. Promote healthful lifestyles and reduce preventable death and disability in all
Americans.
o B. Prevent chronic disease.
o C. Eliminate dietary inadequacies and excesses, and to encourage healthful practices.
o D. Disclose dietary practices that best support health.
26. Fibres belong to the class of nutrients known as
o A. Minerals
o B. Proteins
o C. Lipids
o D. Carbohydrates
27. In which form are most dietary lipids found?
o A. Mono-glycerides
o B. Sterols
o C. Triglycerides
o D. Phospholipids
28. Constipation can best be prevented by
o A. Restricting fluids.
o B. Using laxatives.
o C. Engaging in little physical exercise.
o D. Eating dietary fibre.
29. What is the major monosaccharide found in the body?
o A. Fructose
o B. Glucose
o C. Galactose
o D. Sucrose
30. Which of the following is true about the way we should eat to achieve good
nutritional status?
o A. Eat only plant products because animal products are bad and generally filled with
hormones for animal growth
o B. Eat fruits and vegetables because we can get all the nutrients we need from these
o C. Eat a wide variety of foods because no single natural food meets all human nutrient
needs
o D. Do the best we can but take supplements to fill in the deficient areas
31. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion?
o A. Carbohydrate digestion begins in the stomach
o B. Saliva production does not influence starch digestion
o C. Carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking; softens tough skins
o D. Chewing food does not assist in carbohydrate digestion

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32. The RDA for nutrients generally are
o A. Designed to be adequate for almost all healthy people.
o B. More than twice the requirements.
o C. The minimum amounts the average adult male requires.
o D. Designed to prevent deficiency disease in half the population.
33. Which statement best describes nutrient density?
o A. Choose a number of different foods within any given food group rather than the
"same old thing"
o B. Consume foods that have the most nutrition for their k-calories
o C. Plan your entire day's diet so that you don't over-consume nutrient sources
o D. Consume a variety of foods from the five major food groups every day
34. Lactose intolerance is caused by
o A. Lactase deficiency.
o B. Intestinal bacteria.
o C. Milk bacteria.
o D. A milk allergy.
35. Margaret, an elderly woman, needs to limit her k-calorie intake without
sacrificing needed nutrients. Keeping in mind the Food Guide Pyramid, which of
the following could she do?
o A. Eliminate carbohydrate
o B. Count k-calories and not worry about the food groups
o C. Eliminate Dairy foods.
o D. Carefully select foods rich in nutrients but low in k-calories
36. Acquiring sufficient vitamin B12 from the diet may be a problem to vegans
because
o A. Phytic acid in vegetable proteins may inhibit its absorption.
o B. It is only found in animal products.
o C. They lack the R-protein in the stomach.
o D. Deficiency may result from high intakes of legumes.
37. The major chloride source in the diet is
o A. Milk
o B. Salt
o C. Nuts
o D. Cheese
38. Which statement about vitamins is true?
o A. Are inorganic
o B. Directly supply energy
o C. Help regulate chemical reactions in the body
o D. Cannot be stored by the body
39. If the diet is lacking an essential amino acid, what will be the course of
action?
o A. Body cells will synthesize it
o B. Health will not be affected as long as other nutrients are adequate
o C. Protein synthesis will be limited

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o D. Proteins will be made but they will lack that particular amino acid
40. Which of the following vitamins has been helpful in large doses as a treatment
for acne?
o A. E
o B. A
o C. D
o D. C
41. The B vitamins generally function as
o A. Coenzymes
o B. Emulsifiers
o C. Antioxidants
o D. Reducing agents
42. Most vitamin A is stored in the
o A. Adipose tissue.
o B. Liver
o C. Small intestine.
o D. Kidneys
43. This vitamin, when consumed during pregnancy, can help prevent neural tube
defects like spina bifida.
o A. B6
o B. Niacin
o C. Riboflavin
o D. Folate/Folic Acid
44. Niacin is necessary to prevent the disease
o A. Pernicious anaemia.
o B. Beriberi
o C. Pellagra
o D. Scurvy
45. Vitamin E functions as a(n)
o A. Antioxidant
o B. Hormone
o C. Coenzyme
o D. Enzyme
46. The childhood disease rickets is due to a deficiency.
o A. Vitamin D
o B. Vitamin E
o C. Vitamin A
o D. Vitamin K
47. Water constitutes ______ percent of body weight.
o A. 50-65
o B. 10-20
o C. 25-45
o D. 75-95

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48. Which of the following statements does not describe the role of minerals in the
body?
o A. They make possible the transfer of nerve impulses
o B. They provide 4 k-calories per gram
o C. They help maintain water balance
o D. They are constituents of important body compounds
49. The nitrogen from amino acid breakdown is
o A. Stored in the liver
o B. Converted to urea
o C. Converted to fat.
o D. Oxidised to carbohydrate.
50. The nutrient essential for synthesis of several blood clotting factors is
o A. K
o B. E
o C. A
o D. C
51. A suboptimal intake of chromium in individuals in the U.S. may be linked to
o A. Impaired glucose tolerance.
o B. Elevated blood pressure.
o C. Elevated calcitriol levels.
o D. Lowered serum cholesterol levels.
52. Scurvy can be prevented with adequate intakes of
o A. Niacin
o B. Vitamin C
o C. Thiamin
o D. Riboflavin
53. One would be likely to see positive protein balance in all of the following
conditions except
o A. Recovery from surgery.
o B. Growth.
o C. Starvation.
o D. Pregnancy.
54. The nutrient that can be considered both a vitamin and a hormone is
o A. Vitamin A
o B. Vitamin D
o C. Niacin
o D. Vitamin E.
55. Which of the following statements is true about iron?
o A. Excess dietary iron is excreted readily via the kidneys
o B. An iron-deficient individual absorbs less iron
o C. Iron deficiency anaemia is found among young children, adolescents, and
menstruating women
o D. 65 percent of dietary iron is absorbed

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56. If you wanted to add significant quantities of vitamins and minerals to your
diet from the food you eat, a good choice would be
o A. A doughnut made with enriched white flour.
o B. A fortified breakfast cereal such as Total Raisin Bran.
o C. A banana.
o D. Apple juice.
57. Lowering blood pressure is associated with which of the following minerals?
o A. Potassium
o B. Sodium
o C. Chloride
o D. Cadmium
58. A goitre may form as a consequence of an inadequate intake of
o A. Sodium
o B. Magnesium
o C. Iodide
o D. Copper
59.This mineral can be protective for the teeth when introduced into the water
supply; however it can cause tooth mottling when consumed in high quantities.
o A. Fluoride
o B. Selenium
o C. Iron
o D. Copper
60. Cooking an egg alters its appearance due to
o A. Denaturation
o B. Esterification.
o C. Detoxification.
o D. Emulsification.
61. Which of the following is true about the absorption, transport, and storage of
fat-soluble vitamins?
o A. They are not stored to any great extent
o B. After absorption, they are transported in the bloodstream to body cells and or stored
in the liver and fatty tissue
o C. They enter the bloodstream directly after absorption
o D. Fat in the digestive contents is not important for their absorption
62. An essential amino acid
o A. Can be synthesized if there is a nitrogen source.
o B. Cannot be synthesized in sufficient quantity to meet body needs.
o C. Can be synthesized if caloric intake is adequate.
o D. Can be formed from semiessential amino acids.
63. A rich source of vitamin E is
o A. Corn oil
o B. Prime rib
o C. Orange
o D. Chicken breast

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64. What disease is caused by a thiamin deficiency?
o A. Kwashiorkor
o B. Pellagra
o C. Scurvy
o D. Beriberi
65. What is magnesium's primary function?
o A. It is important in haemoglobin synthesis
o B. It maintains mucus production in the digestive tract
o C. It is important for nerve and heart function
o D. It acts as the carrier for calcium absorption
66. Which of the following is converted to vitamin A in the body?
o A. Retinol
o B. Carotene
o C. Cholesterol
o D. Phenylanine
67. When protein consumption is in excess of body needs and energy needs are
met, the excess amino acids are metabolized and the energy in the molecule is
o A. Stored as amino acids in the liver.
o B. Stored as glycogen and/or fat.
o C. Stored as amino acids in muscle.
o D. Excreted in the urine.
68. Vitamins involved in red blood cell synthesis are
o A. Vitamin B12 and folate.
o B. Folate and thiamin.
o C. Folate and pantothenic acid.
o D. Thiamin and niacin.
69. The basic building block of a protein is called a(n)
o A. Monosaccharide
o B. Keto acid
o C. Amino acid
o D. Fatty acid
70. The chemical element found in all amino acids but not found in either
carbohydrates or fats is
o A. Carbon.
o B. Hydrogen.
o C. Nitrogen.
o D. Oxygen.
71. All the following are true of anorexia nervosa except
o A. Increased body temperature
o B. Decreased heart rate.
o C. Denial of appetite
o D. Distorted body image
72. Loss of menstrual periods associated with anorexia nervosa is caused by
o A. Loss of lean body mass.

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o B. Low body fat content.
o C. Low thyroid hormone synthesis.
o D. Lanugo.
73. Which of the following is not associated with an increase in basal
metabolism?
o A. An increase in lean body mass
o B. A low k-calorie intake
o C. Caffeine use
o D. An increase in body temperature
74. Which of the following is not characteristic of individuals who develop eating
disorders?
o A. Highly competitive
o B. From middle- and upper-class families
o C. From families with unrealistic expectations
o D. Have high self-esteem
75. The method for determining energy expenditure in which the amount of
oxygen a person uses is measured is called
o A. Thermocalorimetry.
o B. Direct calorimetry.
o C. Indirect calorimetry.
o D. Bomb calorimetry.
76. The semistarvation of anorexia nervosa results in all the following
physiological changes except
o A. Increased heart rate.
o B. Lanugo hair.
o C. Iron-deficiency anaemia.
o D. Dry, scaly, cold skin.
77. All the following statements about many popular diets are true except
o A. They often recommend expensive supplements.
o B. They help people make permanent changes in eating habits.
o C. They use testimonials from famous people.
o D. They promote quick weight loss that ends up being primarily water and lean muscle
mass.
78. Burt is a wrestler. His weight is regularly higher than the weight class he
would like to wrestle in. What should he do?
o A. Restrict fluids before weigh-in
o B. Sit in a sauna
o C. Gradually reduce food intake before wrestling season begins
o D. Take diuretics to lose weight
79. Basal metabolism is
o A. The energy expended when resting, but awake, and in a fasting state.
o B. The energy expended when doing moderate activity.
o C. The energy expended to make food available to the body.
o D. The energy expended when sleeping.

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80. What is the name of the condition characterized by disordered eating, lack of
menstrual periods, and osteoporosis?
o A. Female bulimia
o B. Female anorexia
o C. Binge eating disorder
o D. Female athlete triad
81. The issue of sports drinks and their use is critical for
o A. Activities lasting 5 to 60 seconds.
o B. Activities lasting 30 minutes.
o C. Activities lasting 1 to 5 minutes.
o D. Activities lasting 60 to 90 minutes.
82. As one finds his or her weight loss slowing during a weight control program,
the best practice is to
o A. Increase physical activity.
o B. Go off the weight control program and take a break.
o C. Restrict more food choices.
o D. Reduce food intake to 1,000 k-calories.
83. The most long-term success in anorexia nervosa treatment has been with
o A. Scare tactics
o B. Outpatient treatment
o C. A multidisciplinary team of health care providers.
o D. Hospitalization and feeding via a tube
84. The thermic effect of food
o A. Represents the K-calories needed to digest, absorb and process ingested food.
o B. Represents approximately 20 percent of total energy expenditure.
o C. Is included in the measurement of basal metabolism.
o D. Refers to energy expended to produce heat in response to a cold environment.
85. A daily deficit of 500 k-calories should result in a weight loss of about how
many pounds per week?
o A. 3
o B. 1
o C. 4
o D. 2
86. Body weight in kilograms divided by height squared in meters yields
o A. The obesity index.
o B. Relative weight.
o C. Body mass index.
o D. Percent body fat.
87. Which of the following testing methods is considered the most accurate way
of measuring percent body fat?
o A. Infrared light
o B. Skinfolds
o C. Bioelectrical impedance
o D. Underwater weighing
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88. Which of the following is characteristic of bulimics?
o A. Have obvious symptoms
o B. Binge eating
o C. Tend to be very thin
o D. Are almost never male
89. Most weight loss programs result in
o A. Weight gain
o B. Temporary weight loss.
o C. Permanent weight loss.
o D. No weight change.
90. The most significant factor promoting eating disorders in North American
culture is
o A. The fatty foods emphasized in our culture.
o B. Societal emphasis on being thin and the link between thinness and social value.
o C. Food availability.
o D. The current focus on physical fitness.
91. Which characteristic is more indicative of bulimia than anorexia nervosa?
o A. Rigid, disciplined dieting
o B. Fluctuating weight
o C. Lack of menstruation
o D. Feeling a sense of power because of strict discipline and self-denial
92. Carbohydrate loading
o A. Involves a tapering in the intensity of workouts with a corresponding increase
percentage of carbohydrate intake.
o B. Involves loading up on carbohydrate-laden foods the day before an endurance event
o C. Involves little exercise and a high-carbohydrate diet the first 3 days, followed by
heavy exercise and a low-carbohydrate diet right before competition.
o D. Does not increase glycogen stores to any significant degree.
93. For every pound lost during a workout, cup(s) of water should be consumed
during or after exercise.
o A. 1
o B. 3
o C. 2
o D. 1/2
94. A person with anorexia nervosa is likely to
o A. Have a mother with a healthy view of the body and food habits.
o B. Come from a loose, flexible home.
o C. Grow up in a perfectionistic home with very high expectations.
o D. Come from a low socioeconomic class.
95. The best way to determine how much fluid must be replaced as a result of a
workout is to
o A. Rely on thirst.
o B. Estimate how much you sweated.

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o C. Drink various amounts of fluid during the workout and see how much makes you
feel best.
o D. Weigh before and after the workout.
96. Which of the following is true about the protein intake for athletes?
o A. Bodybuilders need more protein than endurance athletes
o B. Most athletes eating a variety of foods will easily meet their protein needs
o C. Most athletes must take protein supplements to get enough protein
o D. Amino acid supplements are a better way to deliver amino acids because they do not
need to be digested
97. Which of the following is not a benefit of physical fitness?
o A. Lower blood pressure
o B. Better sleep habits
o C. Less muscle mass
o D. Less body fat
98. Aerobic glucose breakdown provides most of the energy for sports activities
lasting
o A. 2 minutes to 4 hours.
o B. 30 seconds to 1 minute.
o C. Up to 30 seconds.
o D. 1 to 2 minutes.
99. A difference between anorectics and bulimics is that
o A. Anorectics turn away from food during a crisis, whereas bulimics turn toward food.
o B. Anorectics come from loosely organized families, whereas bulimics come from
overly-organized families.
o C. Bulimics tend to be methodical, whereas anorectics tend to be impulsive.
100. Most of the health problems in bulimia arise from
o A. Binge eating
o B. Eating sweets
o C. Vomiting
o D. Using laxatives
101. If a woman athlete is not menstruating regularly, she should do all the
following except
o A. Exercise more intensely.
o B. Increase her kcalorie intake.
o C. Get adequate calcium in the diet.
o D. Have her body fat percentage checked.
102. A major characteristic of an anorectic that significantly inhibits successful
treatment is
o A. Projection.
o B. Rationalization of the problem.
o C. Denial of the problem.
o D. Suppression of feelings.
103. Physical activity
o A. Contributes very little to overall energy expenditure.

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o B. Contributes about 70 percent of total energy expenditure.
o C. Includes daily activities as seemingly insignificant as fidgeting.
o D. is only counted as a significant contributor if it is a formal, regular exercise program.
104. A disorder in which frequent bingeing and possibly purging occurs is called
o A. Compulsive overeating.
o B. Anorexia nervosa.
o C. Hypo-glycemia
o D. Bulimia
105. Thermogenesis refers to all of the following except
o A. Brown adipose tissue contributes to thermogenesis especially in hibernating animals.
o B. The ability to regulate body temperature within narrow limits.
o C. Shivering when cold and fidgeting are examples of thermogenesis.
o D. The energy you require during sleep at night.

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