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NB-AMR Rate Control

Feature Guide
NB-AMR Rate Control

NB-AMR Rate Control


Version Date Author Reviewer Notes

V1.00 2014/02/8 Huang He Wang Juntao First edition

2014 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used
without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to
change without notice.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Feature Attribute ............................................................................................... 6

2 Overview ............................................................................................................ 6
2.1 Feature Introduction ............................................................................................. 6
2.1.1 ZWF21-02-001 CS Conversational RAB for AMR Speech ................................... 8
2.1.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling.................................................................. 8
2.1.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ........................................................................................... 9
2.2 License Control .................................................................................................. 10
2.3 Correlation With Other Features ........................................................................ 10

3 Technical Description ..................................................................................... 11


3.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR .................................................... 11
3.1.1 NB-AMR Rate Selection..................................................................................... 11
3.1.2 Combination of the NB-AMR and PS Services ................................................... 12
3.1.3 NB-AMR Mobility ............................................................................................... 12
3.1.4 Directed Retry of the NB-AMR Service During RAB Assignment ....................... 12
3.1.5 AMR Rate Control After Relocation .................................................................... 13
3.1.6 Default Configuration of NB-AMR Rates: 12.2 kbps, 12.2/7.95/5.9/4.75 kbps,
and 7.95 kbps .................................................................................................... 13
3.1.7 RAB Modification of NB-AMR ............................................................................ 14
3.1.8 Signaling Flow of the AMR Service .................................................................... 14
3.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 17
3.2.1 Classification of AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment ............................................... 17
3.2.2 AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment Based on Radio Link Transmit Power .............. 18
3.2.3 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load ............................................................ 24
3.2.4 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Resource Congestion .................................. 24
3.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 25
3.3.1 OoBTC Out of Band Transcoder Control............................................................ 26
3.3.2 Iu UP Initialization .............................................................................................. 27
3.3.3 Iu UP Rate Control ............................................................................................. 28

4 Parameters....................................................................................................... 30
4.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR .................................................... 30
4.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 33
4.2.1 Uplink Rate Adjustment Based on the UE Transmitted Power ........................... 33
4.2.2 Downlink Rate Adjustment Based on the Dedicated Measurement of Node B
Transmitted Power ............................................................................................. 36
4.2.3 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load and Resource Congestion ................... 43
4.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 44

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5 Related Counters and Alarms ........................................................................ 45


5.1 Related Counters ............................................................................................... 45
5.2 Related Alarms .................................................................................................. 49

6 Engineering Guide .......................................................................................... 49


6.1 Application Scenario .......................................................................................... 49
6.1.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR .................................................... 49
6.1.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 49
6.1.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 49
6.2 Feature Activation Procedure ............................................................................. 50
6.2.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR .................................................... 50
6.2.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 50
6.2.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 57
6.3 Feature Validation Procedure ............................................................................ 58
6.3.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR .................................................... 58
6.3.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 58
6.3.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 59
6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure......................................................................... 59
6.4.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR .................................................... 59
6.4.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 59
6.4.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 59
6.5 Impact on the Network ....................................................................................... 59
6.5.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR .................................................... 59
6.5.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 60
6.5.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 60

7 Abbreviations .................................................................................................. 61

8 Reference Documents..................................................................................... 61

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FIGURES

Figure 3-1 Signaling Flow of the AMR Service ...................................................................14


Figure 3-2 Flow of OoBTC Out of Band Transcoder Control ..............................................27
Figure 3-3 Iu UP Initialization .............................................................................................28
Figure 3-4 Flow of Iu UP Rate Control ...............................................................................29
Figure 6-1 Parameter Configuration Interface 1 .................................................................50
Figure 6-2 Parameter Configuration Interface 2 .................................................................51
Figure 6-3 Parameter Configuration Interface 3 .................................................................51
Figure 6-4 Parameter Configuration Interface 4 .................................................................52
Figure 6-5 Parameter Configuration Interface 5 .................................................................53
Figure 6-6 Parameter Configuration Interface 6 .................................................................54
Figure 6-7 Parameter Configuration Interface 7 .................................................................54
Figure 6-8 Parameter Configuration Interface 8 .................................................................55
Figure 6-9 Parameter Configuration Interface 9 .................................................................56
Figure 6-10 Parameter Configuration Interface 10 .............................................................56
Figure 6-11 Parameter Configuration Interface 11 .............................................................57
Figure 6-12 Parameter Configuration Interface 12 .............................................................58

TABLES

Table 2-1 NB-AMR Rate Classification ............................................................................... 7


Table 2-2 License Control List ...........................................................................................10
Table 4-1 Parameter Description .......................................................................................30
Table 4-2 Parameter Description .......................................................................................33
Table 4-3 Parameter Description .......................................................................................36
Table 4-4 Parameter Description .......................................................................................43
Table 4-5 Parameter Description .......................................................................................44

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Table 5-1 Counters ............................................................................................................45


Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure.............................................................................58
Table 6-2 RNC Parameter .................................................................................................59

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1 Feature Attribute
BSC/RNC version: [ZXUR 9000 UMTS V4.13.10.15/V3.13.10.15]

BTS/Node B version: [ZXSDR V4.13.10.20]

Attribute: [Optional]

Involved NEs:
NE Name Related or Not Special Requirements

MS/UE UE should support NB-AMR feature.

BTS/Node B None.

BSC/RNC RNC should support NB-AMR feature.

iTC - None.

MSC - None.

MGW - None.

SGSN - None.

GGSN - None.

HLR The UE subscribes to the NB-AMR service.


: involved
-: not involved

2 Overview

2.1 Feature Introduction

The Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) codec provides a high-quality voice service with flexible
multi-rate to reach a balance between voice quality and system capability (network load).

Currently, 3GPP uses two formats: Narrowband Adaptive Multi-Rate (NB-AMR) and
Wideband Adaptive Multi-Rate (WB-AMR), and both of them use the same frame length
of 20 ms. For NB-AMR, the voice channel bandwidth is limited to 3.7 kHz and the
sampling frequency is 8,000 Hz. For WB-AMR, the voice channel bandwidth is 7 kHz and
the sampling frequency is 16,000 Hz. The voice quality of WB-AMR is higher than that of

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NB-AMR. If WB-AMR is required, the UE must support it, and whether a UE supports
WB-AMR is indicated in the SETUP uplink direct transfer message from the UE.

AMR Control (AMRC) indicates adjusting AMR between different rates in WCDMA
systems. Through AMRC, voice rate can be reduced to improve voice quality and reduce
system load. AMRC can be used in the following scenarios:

The load at the downlink air interface exceeds the threshold.

The load at the uplink air interface exceeds the threshold.

Uplink coverage is limited and the AMR rate can be reduced to widen uplink
coverage.

When system load is light, AMRC can be used to increase the AMR rate. In this way,
QoS is greatly improved.

The NB-AMR service has three service RAB sub-flows and can provide eight voice rates
and the Silence Descriptor (Comfort Noise Frame). The NB-AMR codec modes related to
UMTS_AMR are shown in the following table.

Table 2-1 NB-AMR Rate Classification

AMR Total Number Sub-flow 1 Sub-flow 2 Sub-flow 3


Codec Mode of Bits

AMR 4.75 kbps 95 42 53 0

AMR 5.15 kbps 103 49 54 0

AMR 5.9 kbps 118 55 63 0

AMR 6.7 kbps


134 58 76 0
(PDC EFR)

AMR 7.4 kbps


148 61 87 0
(TDMA EFR)

AMR 7.95 kbps 159 75 84 0

AMR 10.2 kbps 204 65 99 40

AMR 12.2 kbps


244 81 103 60
(GSM EFR)

AMR SID 39 39 0 0

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AMR Total Number Sub-flow 1 Sub-flow 2 Sub-flow 3


Codec Mode of Bits
(Comfort Noise
Frame)

NB-AMR voice coding is divided into three sub-flows in accordance with the importance
of information and error tolerance in voice coding. Each sub-flow requires its own QoS
assurance. Sub-flow 1 is the most important. Sub-flow 2 comes next. Sub-flow 3 is the
least important. Sub-flow 1 requires better channel coding at the air interface to
guarantee accuracy. The "no data" rate is coded when there is no voice (mute). SID is
used to indicate that voice is not activated currently.

2.1.1 ZWF21-02-001 CS Conversational RAB for AMR Speech

ZTE's equipment supports all the eight NB-AMR rates: 12.2 kbps, 10.2 kbps, 7.95 kbps,
7.4 kbps, 6.7 kbps, 5.9 kbps, 5.15 kbps, and 4.75 kbps, and also supports DTX and SID.

The RAB parameters of ZTE's RAN, used to bear AMR services, are configured in
accordance with 3GPP TS 34.108.

2.1.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

In a WCDMA system, the radio conditions between a UE and the base station always
change. When the UE is far from the base station or the radio conditions are poor, the
base station or the UE must have greater transmit power under the closed-loop power
control to guarantee the QoS of the AMR service. The increase of the power may result
in further deterioration of radio conditions. As a result, system capacity decreases and
the QoS requirements of the service cannot be met even when the power is increased to
the maximum value.

ZTE's RNC can monitor the uplink transmit power contained in the UE internal
measurement report or the downlink transmit power contained in the NodeB-dedicated
measurement report. When the uplink or downlink transmit power rises to a threshold,
the RNC automatically adjusts the UE's NB-AMR rate to reduce the power required for
the service. This indicates that voice quality is reduced to retain calls. When the radio
conditions between a UE and the base station are good and the transmit power of the

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base station or the UE decreases to a threshold, the AMR rate can be increased to
provide the UE with higher voice quality when the system is neither overloaded nor
congested.

In addition, when the downlink and uplink load of a cell is high in accordance with its
downlink transmit power and uplink interference, ZTE's RNC can lighten the cell load by
reducing the NB-AMR rate of some UEs with low priorities so that more UEs can be
supported.

The RNC can only adjust the NB-AMR rates belonging to the NB-AMR code set
configured by the CN for UEs during call establishment. The voice quality when low-rate
AMR coding is used is lower than that when high-rate AMR coding is used but the
capacity (number of UEs) is higher and the coverage is wider. The simulation result
shows that when the lowest NB-AMR (4.75 kbps) is used instead of the highest NB-AMR
(12.2 kbps), the coverage radius gain is about 30% and the UEs supported by the cell
may increase by 100%.

2.1.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

WCDMA systems use AMR compressed voice coding. In the R99 phase, a TDM bearer
is used between CS core network devices, and 64 kbit/s PCM coding must be used for
voice. Voice Transcoder (TC) is an important function of the R99 MSC, converting the
AMR voice codes of mobile terminals into PCM codes and transmits them over the
network. The calls between mobile users require two voice code conversions
(AMR-PCM-AMR). Frequent encoding and decoding reduce voice quality.

Therefore, 3GPP introduced Tandem Free Operation (TFO) and Transcoder Free
Operation (TrFO) in the R4 protocol to avoid voice encoding and decoding. With these
two technologies, the transmission network bandwidth between core networks can be
saved. The differences between the technologies are as follows: TFO needs TC
resources. After a call is established, a direct connection is established between the TCs
of the calling and called MSCs through in-band signaling negotiation to bypass encoding
and decoding. TrFO does not need TC resources. This indicates that Out of Band
Transcoder Control (OoBTC) is used during call establishment to perform consistent
voice encoding and decoding negotiation between the UE and the network.

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The TFO technology is used on core network devices without the RAN. The TrFO
technology requires that the RAN should support out-band voice encoding negotiation
and the processing related to the user plane.

ZTE's RAN supports the TrFO function and complies with 3GPP TS 23.153 and TS
25.415.

2.2 License Control

Table 2-2 License Control List

License Configured
Feature ID Feature Name Unit
Control Item NE

ZWF21-02-001 CS Conversational
N/A N/A N/A
RAB for AMR Speech

ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling AMR Rate


RNC RNC
Controlling

ZWF21-06-002 TrFO N/A N/A N/A

2.3 Correlation With Other Features

1. Required Features

None.

2. Mutually Exclusive Features

None.

3. Affected Features

None.

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3 Technical Description

3.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR

3.1.1 NB-AMR Rate Selection

The 3GPP specifications define eight voice rates and one SID for UMTS NB-AMR, and
the highest voice rate supported is 12.2 kbps.

3.1.1.1 RAB Assignment

ZTE's RNC determines the NB-AMR rate set according to the value of UP Mode
Versions in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message.

If the value of UP Mode Versions in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message is 1,


the available rates for the service are determined by the intersection of the configured
rate set on the RNC and the received MBR and GBR from the CN. The related
parameters are ULogicalRnc.amrNbMode0UseTag (4.75 kbps),
ULogicalRnc.amrNbMode1UseTag (5.15 kbps), ULogicalRnc.amrNbMode2UseTag (5.9
kbps), ULogicalRnc.amrNbMode3UseTag (6.7 kbps),
ULogicalRnc.amrNbMode4UseTag (7.4 kbps), ULogicalRnc.amrNbMode5UseTag (7.95
kbps), ULogicalRnc.amrNbMode6UseTag (10.2 kbps), and
ULogicalRnc.amrNbMode7UseTag (12.2 kbps), which indicate whether the rates are
supported on the RNC.

If the value of UP Mode Versions in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message is 2,


the RNC supports all the NB-AMR rates assigned by the CN.

If the value of UP Mode Versions in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message is 3


and ULogicalRnc.IntraRatV1V2AmrCut is set to cut, the processing on the RNC side is
the same as that when UP Mode Versions is set to 1. If the value of UP Mode Versions
in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message is 3 and
ULogicalRnc.IntraRatV1V2AmrCut is set to not cut, the processing on the RNC side is
the same as that when UP Mode Versions is set to 2.

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3.1.1.2 GBR Reservation for the AMR Service

ZTE's RNC can be used to determine whether the GBR should be contained in the
NB-AMR rate set.

When the value of UP Mode Versions in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message
is 1 or the value of UP Mode Versions is 3 and ULogicalRnc.IntraRatV1V2AmrCut is set
to cut, the NB-AMR rates configured by the RNC may be different from the NB-AMR rate
set assigned by the CN in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message. To avoid the
problem that the RNC does not support the GBR in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST
message, you can set ULogicalRnc.amrGbrResInd to determine that the GBR in the
RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message must be contained in the supported rate set.

If ULogicalRnc.amrGbrResInd is set to 1: True, the actual NB-AMR rate set contains the
intersection of the above two AMR rate sets and the GBR in the RAB ASSIGNMENT
REQUEST message.

If ULogicalRnc.amrGbrResInd is set to 0: False, the actual NB-AMR rate set is the


intersection of the above two AMR rate sets. The GBR used on the RNC is the lowest
rate among the rates (in the NB-AMR rate set) larger than or equal to the GBR in the
RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message.

3.1.2 Combination of the NB-AMR and PS Services

ZTE's RNC supports the NB-AMR service and the combination of the NB-AMR and PS
services.

3.1.3 NB-AMR Mobility

ZTE's RNC supports the soft handover, hard handover, and relocation of the NB-AMR
service, and the handover between the 2G and 3G systems.

3.1.4 Directed Retry of the NB-AMR Service During RAB Assignment

The RNC supports the directed retry of the NB-AMR service during RAB assignment. If
the load of the cell where the UE resides is too heavy during RAB assignment, the UE is

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directed to a 2G system. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Directed Retry to GSM
Feature Guide.

3.1.5 AMR Rate Control After Relocation

Due to UE compatibility problems, some UEs become mute if the NB-AMR service rate is
changed after inter-RNC soft handover or hard handover relocation. Therefore,
URncInfo.IntraRlocAmrRtCtrl is used to control whether the NB-AMR service rate can be
changed after the relocation.

If URncInfo.IntraRlocAmrRtCtrl is set to 0: AMR Rate Changing is Allowed after


Relocation or the NB-AMR service rate before relocation is not contained in the
Relocation Request message, or the Iu UP version is V2, the NB-AMR service rate can
be changed after inter-RNC relocation. The methods that determine the NB-AMR service
rate set and the actual NB-AMR service rate after relocation are described in other
sections of this manual.

If URncInfo.IntraRlocAmrRtCtrl is set to 1: AMR Rate Changing is Not Allowed after


Relocation, the NB-AMR service rate before relocation is contained in the Relocation
Request message, and the Iu UP version is V1, the NB-AMR service rate cannot be
changed after inter-RNC relocation. The NB-AMR service rate set only contains the
NB-AMR service rates smaller than or equal to the actual NB-AMR service rate before
relocation, and the actual NB-AMR service rates before and after relocation are the
same.

3.1.6 Default Configuration of NB-AMR Rates: 12.2 kbps, 12.2/7.95/5.9/4.75


kbps, and 7.95 kbps

The RNC supports the default configuration of the following NB-AMR rates: 12.2 kbps,
combinations of 12.2, 7.95, 5.9, and 4.75 kbps, and 7.95 kbps for the handover from the
2G system to the 3G system. The RNC determines the default configuration according to
the MBR and GBR in the Relocation Request message received from the CN,
establishes the bearer according to the default configuration, sets the default cells in the
HANDOVER TO UTRAN COMMAND message, and sends this message to the UE
through the 2G network.

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3.1.7 RAB Modification of NB-AMR

The RNC supports RAB modification for the NB-AMR service that the CN initiates by
sending the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message. The CN initiates RAB
modification for the NB-AMR service when the TFO or TrFO conditions are satisfied after
handover, call forwarding, and intelligent services.

3.1.8 Signaling Flow of the AMR Service

The following figure shows the establishment flow of the NB-AMR service in synchronous
mode.

Figure 3-1 Signaling Flow of the AMR Service

UE Node B Serving CN
Serving RNS RNC

1. RAB Assignment
Request
RANAP RANAP
[Establishment]

Select L1, L2 and Iu Data


Transport Bearer parameters

2. ALCAP Iu Data
Transport Bearer Setup
Not required towards PS
domain

3. Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare


NBAP NBAP
[DCH Addition]

4. Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready


NBAP NBAP

5. ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup

6. Downlink Synchronisation
DCH-FP DCH-FP

7. Uplink Synchronisation
DCH-FP DCH-FP

NBAP 8. Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit


NBAP
9. DCCH : Radio Bearer Setup
RRC RRC

Apply new transport format set

10. DCCH : Radio Bearer Setup Complete


RRC RRC

11. RAB Assignment


Response
RANAP RANAP

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1 The CN initiates the establishment of a radio access bearer by sending the RANAP
message Radio Access Bearer Assignment Request. The important parameters
for the CS service are as follows:

(Optional) NAS Synchronization Indicator indicates the speech codec type


selected by the CN. The RNC passes this cell to the UE. The codec types related to
UMTS AMR are displayed in the following table. For details, refer to 3GPP 26.103.
If the UE does not receive this cell during the establishment of a voice call or the
inter-system handover of a voice call to the UTRAN, the UMTS_AMR_2 speech
codec is used by default. UMTS_AMR_2 is compatible with GSM FR AMR.
Bit 8Bit 1 Codec_Type Name
CoID (Codec
Identification)

0000.0101 UMTS Adaptive Multi-Rate UMTS AMR

0000.0110 UMTS Adaptive Multi-Rate UMTS AMR 2


2

0000.1010 UMTS Adaptive Multi-Rate UMTS WB-AMR


Wide Band

RAB parameters (including QoS) include the following parameters:

Traffic Class, value: conversational

MBR (Maximum Bit Rate), unit: bit/s

GBR (Guaranteed Bit Rate), unit: bit/s

Delivery Order, value: provide in-sequence SDU delivery (for the AMR
service)

SDU parameters, describing the three RAB sub-flows of the AMR service

Source Statistics Descriptor, value: speech (for the AMR service)

Allocation/Retention Priority

User plane Information parameters:

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User Plane Mode, value: support mode for predefined SDU sizes (for the
AMR service).

UP Mode Versions indicates the user plane version supported by the CN,
containing 16 bits. Each bit indicates a user plane version, and a maximum of
16 user plane versions can be displayed. The highest bit indicates version 16
and the lowest bit indicates version 1. For support mode for predefined SDU
sizes, version 1 and version 2 are defined in the current version (release 99).

Transport layer information parameters include Transport Address and Iu


Transport Association.

2 The SRNC initiates the establishment of the Iu data transport bearer by sending the
ALCAP message. This message contains the AAL2 binding identity, which is used
to bind the Iu data transport bearer to the radio access bearer.

3 The SRNC requests its NodeB to prepare the establishment of DCH to support the
radio access bearer (Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare). The parameters include
Transport Format Set, Transport Format Combination Set, and power control
information parameters.

4 The NodeB allocates resources and notifies the SRNC that the radio link
reconfiguration is ready (Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready). The parameters
include the transport layer addressing information (AAL2 address and AAL2 Binding
ID) for the Iub data transport bearer.

5 The SRNC initiates the establishment of the Iub data transport bearer by sending
the ALCAP message. This message contains the AAL2 binding identity, which is
used to bind the Iub data transport bearer to DCH.

6 The NodeB and the SRNC use the Iub or Iur data transport bearer to exchange the
DCH frame protocol message Downlink Synchronization to synchronize the Iub or
Iur interface.

7 The NodeB and the SRNC use the Iub or Iur data transport bearer to exchange the
DCH frame protocol message Uplink Synchronization to synchronize the Iub or Iur
interface.

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8 The NBAP message Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit is sent from the SRNC
to the NodeB.

9 The RRC message Radio Bearer Setup is sent from the SRNC to the UE. The
parameters include Transport Format Set and Transport Format Combination
Set.

10 The UE sends the RRC message Radio Access Bearer Setup Complete to the
SRNC.

11 The SRNC sends the RANAP message Radio Access Bearer Assignment
Response to the CN

3.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

3.2.1 Classification of AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment

The RNC supports dynamic rate adjustment for the AMR service triggered by link-level
transmit power, resource congestion, and load control during calls. If the rate adjustment
threshold is reached, the uplink rate is controlled by the RNC through the TFC control
command, and the downlink rate is controlled by the RNC through the Iu UP reverse rate
control frame.

The NB-AMR dynamic rate adjustment is controlled by the ULogicalRnc.amrRncAdjust


parameter.

There are three types of AMR dynamic rate adjustment depending on the trigger
mechanisms:

NB-AMR dynamic rate adjustment based on link-level transmit power

Due to inner-loop power control, the uplink/downlink link-level transmit power vary with
the change of the radio conditions of the transmitting antennas of the UE and the NodeB.
When the radio conditions degrade, the RNC should reduce the NB-AMR rate to reduce
transmit power to avoid heavy uplink/downlink load of the cell. When the transmit power
of the NB-AMR link is low and the system load is light, the RNC can increase the

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NB-AMR rate to maximize the utilization of system resources to provide users with better
voice quality.

NB-AMR rate adjustment triggered when uplink/downlink resources are congested


or the cell is overloaded

Reduce the rate of the uplink/downlink AMR service to reduce uplink/downlink resource
congestion.

Initial NB-AMR rate adjustment triggered when the cell is overloaded or the UE is a
poorly covered area

When the cell is overloaded or the UE is in a poorly covered area, the initial and the
highest AMR service rates should be reduced to lighten cell load and improve link
performance. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Adaptive Radio Bearer Feature Guide.

For these three trigger mechanisms, ZTE's RNC can only adjust the rate of the NB-AMR
service in the range of NB-AMR rates.

3.2.2 AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment Based on Radio Link Transmit


Power

3.2.2.1 Uplink Rate Adjustment Based on UE Transmit Power

3.2.2.1.1 Measurement Quantity

The AMR rate adjustment in uplink is base on the UE internal measurement reports of
UE TxP (Transmitted Power). There are two kinds of event, Event 6a and Event 6b.
UAmrEvtTPUeInt.meaEvtId defines the UE internal event identity.

Event 6a: when the UE TxP measurement value is greater than a certain absolute
threshold and this condition lasts for the duration TriggerTime6A, the Event 6a is
reported by the UE. TriggerTime6A is defined by the parameter
UAmrEvtTPUeInt.trigTime[0].

Event 6b: when the UE TxP measurement value is smaller than a certain absolute
threshold and this condition lasts for the duration TriggerTime6B, the Event 6b is

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reported by the UE. TriggerTime6B is defined by the parameter


UAmrEvtTPUeInt.trigTime[1].

The parameters for 6a and 6b can be configured at cell level. The number of internal
measurement events is configured by UAmrEvtTPUeInt.measEvtNum. It can be set to
2, for Event 6a and 6b. To facilitate the description, it is assumed that 0 represents 6a
and 1 represents 6b.

The UE Txp threshold of Event 6a/6b (UAmrEvtTPUeInt.txPowerThres) is a delta value


relative to maximum UE TX power which is determined by the formula min (UE
maximum transmitted power determined by UE power class,
USrvDivPc.maxUlDpchPwr). USrvDivPc.maxUlDpchPwr is the maximum transmitted
power determined by the sub-service type of NB-AMR service.. And the UE maximum
transmitted power determined by the UE power class is listed as follows.
Power Class 3 4

maximum output power of +24 +21


the UE (dBm)

The absolute UE TxP thresholds of Event 6a and 6b are as follows.

AMR_6a = maximum UE TX power + UAmrEvtTPUeInt.txPowerThres[0]

AMR_6b = maximum UE TX power + UAmrEvtTPUeInt.txPowerThres[1]

The correspondence between other parameters that need to be filled in UE internal


measurement control message and OMC configuration is described as follows. Firstly
Used UUeIntMeasProfile (UUtranCellFDD.refUUeIntMeasProfile) of the cell is obtained
from the management object UTRAN Cell Object(UUtranCellFDD). Secondly. from the
value of UUtranCellFDD.refUUeIntMeasProfile, the corresponding profile
ID(UueIntMeasProfile.profileId) of the UUtranCellFDDs child management object UE
Internal Measurement Profile Object (UueIntMeasProfile), which is used by the cell, is
obtained. And thirdly, from the child management object UueIntMeasProfile, which is
identified by the UueIntMeasProfile.profileId, the corresponding UE Internal
Measurement parameter based on the measurement target is obtained.
UE Internal Measurement Configuration Index UAmrEvtTPUeInt.ueIntMCfgNo

Measurement report transmission mode UAmrEvtTPUeInt.measRptTrMod

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UE Internal Measurement Configuration Index UAmrEvtTPUeInt.ueIntMCfgNo

Filter coefficient UAmrEvtTPUeInt.filterCoeff

Maximum Event Number of UE Internal


UAmrEvtTPUeInt.measEvtNum
Measurement

UE Internal Measurement Event Identity UAmrEvtTPUeInt.meaEvtId

Time to Trigger UAmrEvtTPUeInt.trigTime

UE Transmitted Power Threshold UAmrEvtTPUeInt.txPowerThres

3.2.2.1.2 Rate Control Principles

If ULogicalRnc.amrRncAdjust is On and the number of uplink NB-AMR rates is larger


than 1, UE TxP measurement is enabled. Otherwise, UE TxP measurement is disabled.

The operating principles are as follows:

If the uplink transmit power reported by the UE exceeds the threshold (AMR_6a)
and the current uplink NB-AMR rate is not the lowest rate, the NB-AMR rate level
must be reduced by one. After the uplink NB-AMR rate level is reduced, a new
measurement control command is sent to the UE.

If the uplink transmit power reported by the UE is lower than the threshold
(AMR_6b), the current uplink NB-AMR rate is not the highest rate, and the system is
neither overloaded nor congested with uplink load, the NB-AMR rate level must be
increased by one. After the uplink NB-AMR rate level is increased, a new
measurement control command is sent to the UE.

For TrFO connection mode, the following operations must be also performed:

If the target NB-AMR rate is smaller than or equal to the highest uplink rate of the Iu
interface, the rate can be increased. Otherwise, the uplink rate cannot be increased.

When the RNC receives the rate control command from the CN, the highest rate is the
uplink target rate required by the CN. The RNC determines whether the target rate can
be adjusted by the current RNC according to cell uplink load and the UE transmit power
measurement report. If the target rate can be adjusted by the RNC, the RNC returns the
rate control response command containing the rate to the peer end. At the same time,
the RNC sends the TFC control command to the UE, requiring that the UE uplink rate

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NB-AMR Rate Control

should be adjusted to the target rate. If the target rate cannot be adjusted by the RNC,
the RNC sends a Rate Control NACK message to the CN.

3.2.2.2 Downlink Rate Adjustment Based on the Dedicated Measurement of Node


B Transmit Power

3.2.2.2.1 Measurement Quantity

The downlink NB-AMR rate adjustment is based on the D-TCP (Dedicated Transmitted
Code Power) measurement report from Node B. It indicates that the downlink transmitted
power for the UE (the TCP on the given carrier, given scramble, and given channelization
code) is measured by the Node B. The Node B dedicated TCP measurement for the
NB-AMR rate control is reported periodically and the period is configured by
UNbDedMeas.RptPrd. Whether the criterion for Event A or Event B is met is determined
by the RNC. Event A and Event B are defined as follows:

Event A: when the Node B D-TCP measurement value is greater than a specific
absolute threshold AMR_A for the duration TriggertimeA, the Event A is triggered.
When the criterion of Event A is met, the downlink transmitted power for a certain
UE is considered to be in a high power status, and the downlink rate could be
decreased.

Event B: when the Node B D-TCP measurement value is smaller than a specific
absolute threshold AMR_B for the duration TriggertimeB , the Event B is triggered.
When the criterion of Event B is satisfied, the downlink transmitted power for a
certain UE is considered to be in a low power status, and the downlink rate could be
increased.

The definition of AMR_A and AMR_B are as followed.

AMR_A = USrvDivPc.maxDlDpchPwr + evtAbTcpThrd_A

AMR_B = USrvDivPc.maxDlDpchPwr + evtAbTcpThrd_B

Where

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NB-AMR Rate Control

- USrvDivPc.maxDlDpchPwr is the maximum downlink DPCH transmitted power for


NB-AMR service. The detailed description refers to ZTE UMTS Power Control
Feature Guide.

- evtAbTcpThrd_A is defined by the parameter UNbDedMeas.evtAbTcpThrd[0]


indexed by UNbDedMeas.nbDMCfgNote =7

- evtAbTcpThrd_B is defined by the parameter UNbDedMeas.evtAbTcpThrd[0]


indexed by UNbDedMeas.nbDMCfgNote =8

The correspondence between other parameters that need to be filled in dedicated


measurement initiation request message and OMC configuration is described as follows.
Firstly the Profile Id for the NodeB dedicated measurement
(UNbDedMeasProfile.profileId) of the cell is obtained from the management object
UNbDedMeasProfile. Secondly, from the value of UNbDedMeasProfile.profileId, the
corresponding child management object NodeB Dedicated Measurement
Configuration(UnbDedMeas) is found. Thirdly, The corresponding
UNbDedMeas.nbDMCfgNote could be obtained according to the measurement purpose.
And finally the parameters for the measurment are obtained according to the value of
UNbDedMeas.nbDMCfgNote.

Dedicated Measurement Type UNbDedMeas.dedMeasType

Measurement Filter Coefficient UNbDedMeas.measFilterCoeff

Report Characteristics UNbDedMeas.rptType

Measurement Threshold of Event A/B for


Transmitted Code Power UNbDedMeas.evtAbTcpThrd

Measurement Change Time/Measurement


Hysteresis Time UNbDedMeas.evtAbcdefTime

Choice Report Periodicity Scale UNbDedMeas.rptPrdUnit

Report Period UNbDedMeas.rptPrd

DPCH Maximum DL Power USrvDivPc.maxDlDpchPwr

Event A Counter Threshold for PS on DL


DCH or DL AMR Decreasing Rate Based on
D-TCP UDrbc.dtcpEaThd

Event B Counter Threshold for Restriction PS


Increasing Rate on DL DCH or Triggering DL
AMR Increasing Rate Based on D-TCP UDrbc.dtcpEbThd

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3.2.2.2.2 Rate Control Principles

If ULogicalRnc.amrRncAdjust is On and the number of downlink NB-AMR rates is larger


than 1, DTCP measurement is enabled. Otherwise, NodeB-dedicated TCP measurement
is disabled.

The basic principles are as follows:

When the special downlink transmit power reported by the NodeB exceeds the
threshold (AMR_A) UDrbc.dtcpEaThd times consecutively and the current downlink
NB-AMR rate is not the lowest rate, the downlink NB-AMR rate level must be
reduced by one.

When the special downlink transmit power reported by the NodeB is lower than the
threshold (AMR_B) UDrbc.dtcpEbThd times consecutively, the current downlink
NB-AMR rate is not the highest rate, and the system is neither overloaded nor
congested with downlink load, the downlink NB-AMR rate level must be increased
by one.

For TrFO connection mode, the downlink rate depends on the downlink rate of the Iu
interface. In a mobile-to-mobile call, the downlink rate depends on the uplink rate of the
peer end. Therefore, the downlink NB-AMR rate adjustment algorithm is changed as
follows in comparison with the non-TrFO connection mode:

When the local end needs to adjust the downlink NB-AMR rate, the RNC sends the
adjusted target rate through the rate control command to the CN, and the CN sends
this rate through the rate control command to the peer RNC. The returned rate
control response command contains the highest uplink rate supported by the peer
end. The peer UE sends data at the smaller rate between the highest uplink rate
supported by the peer end and the target rate required by the local end. In this way,
the downlink rate of the local end is adjusted.

When the uplink rate of the peer end is reduced, the downlink rate of the local end is
reduced accordingly.

When the uplink rate of the peer end is increased, the downlink rate of the local end
is increased accordingly, resulting in the change of the downlink load of the cell and
the downlink D-TCP of the link. The RNC should determine whether to reduce the

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NB-AMR Rate Control

increasing downlink rate according to the downlink load of the cell and the downlink
D-TCP measurement report. If the downlink rate must be reduced, the RNC sends
the rate control command to the CN, containing the highest rate supported by the
local end. In this way, the downlink rate of the Iu interface is controlled.

3.2.3 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load

In case of uplink or downlink overload in a cell, the RNC must reduce the rates of AMR
services in accordance with their priorities.

When the cell is not overloaded and the NB-AMR services whose rates are reduced
meet the conditions described in section 3.3.2 Iu UP Initialization, the RNC increases
their rates level by level.

When the switch of forbidding AMR downgrade is turned on (URncInfo.loadForAmrSwit


is 1: forbidden), the AMR downgrade triggered by load control is not performed. If
URncInfo.loadForAmrSwit is 0, the original load control downgrade policy is recovered.
For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Overload Control Feature Guide.

3.2.4 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Resource Congestion

In case of uplink or downlink resource congestion, the RNC must reduce the rates of
AMR services in accordance with their priorities.

When uplink or downlink resources are not congested and the NB-AMR services whose
rates are reduced meet the conditions described in section 3.3.2 Iu UP Initialization, the
RNC increases their rates level by level.

When the switch of forbidding AMR downgrade is turned on (URncInfo.loadForAmrSwit


is 1: forbidden), the AMR downgrade triggered by congestion control is not performed. If
URncInfo.loadForAmrSwit is 0, the original congestion control downgrade policy is
recovered. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Congestion Control Feature Guide.

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3.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

In the R99 phase, 64 kbit/s PCM coding is used based on the TDM bearer in the CN CS
domain. Therefore, the R99 MSC must have the voice TC function. However, voice
quality may be reduced after encoding or decoding. The calls between mobile users
need dual voice encoding and decoding. If no codec is used, voice quality can be
improved and network bandwidth can be saved.

In the R4 phase, a TrFO connection can reduce the number of times that voice encoding
and decoding are performed. The TrFO connection can be established throughout the
end-to-end process or between the nodes of a call connection. For example, for a call
between a UMTS UE and a fixed telephone, the TrFO connection only exists between
the UMTS UE and the core network. The core network and the RNC in the TrFO
connection must support Iu UP V2. Otherwise, no TrFO connection can be established.
ZTE supports both Iu UP V1 and Iu UP V2, and the RNC is selected according to CN
RAB assignment parameters.

The TrFO is implemented through Out of Band Transcoder Control (OoBTC). It is


applicable to the calls between mobile networks and those between a mobile network
and an external network. When the same voice encoding or decoding type is used
between both call parties or between one call party and a node in the call connection, the
TrFO can transparently transmit the compressed voice, and this improves voice quality
and saves transmission bandwidth.

The nodes connected with a TrFO connection use the same common compressed voice
encoding type negotiated in the OoBTC phase. A codec must be inserted between a
TrFO connection and a non-TrFO connection to convert encoding types. The
implementation strategy of the core network ensures that the insertion position can meet
the following requirements:

The insertion position should reduce the number of times that TC (transcoder) is
used and improve voice quality;

The insertion position should save transmission bandwidth. This indicates that it
should prolong the connection that uses compressed voice encoding data for
transmission.

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NB-AMR Rate Control

During Iu UP initialization, if the CN supports both Iu UP version 1 and version 2, ZTE's


RNC uses URncFunction.intraRatV1V2AmrCut to determine whether to cut NB-AMR
rates according to the RNC capability between the CN and the RNC in the RAB
assignment procedure and inter-RNC relocation procedure, and ZTE's RNC uses
URncFunction.interRatV1V2AmrCut to determine whether to cut NB-AMR rates
according to the RNC capability between the CN and the RNC in the inter-RAT relocation
procedure.

For a UTRAN, its Iu UP initialization, reverse initialization, Iu UP rate control, and Iu UP


reverse rate control are related to the TrFO process.

3.3.1 OoBTC Out of Band Transcoder Control

When a call is initiated, both call parties negotiate the codec to establish a TrFO
operation. The O-MSC sends an IAM message containing the supported codec type list
to a transmission network. The transmission network deletes the codec types that are not
supported from the list and sends it to a T-MSC. The T-MSC also deletes the codec
types that are not supported from the list and then selects an optimal common codec
type. The T-MSC returns the codec type to the transmission network and the O-MSC,
and notifies them of the selected codec type. In the meantime, the T-MSC returns the
codec type that the Terminating UE supports to the O-MSC and begins to establish a
bearer based on this codec. This flow is shown in the following figure.

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NB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 3-2 Flow of OoBTC Out of Band Transcoder Control

O-MSC Transit T-MSC

O-MGW Transit T-MGW


MGW
Codec List (v, w, x, y, z)

Codec List (v, w, x, z)

Selected Codec = v

Selected Codec = v, Available List (v, x, z, )

Selected Codec = v
Selected Codec = v, Available
List (v, x, z, )

Selected Codec = v

Bearer Established Bearer Established

The encoding type that the UE supports is transparently transmitted to the RNC as
follows: Uplink Direct Transfer -> NAS Message -> Bearer Capacity, and then the RNC
transparently transmits the encoding type to the MSC server as follows: Direct Transfer ->
NAS Indicator -> Bearer Capacity. During RAB assignment, the encoding/decoding type
lists of the calling and called parties are completely the same.

3.3.2 Iu UP Initialization

The purpose of Iu UP initialization is to define the mapping relationship (used in the data
transmission phase) between the RNC and the CN on both sides of Iu UP, including RAB
sub-flow combination, RFCIs, and SDU size of the related RAB sub-flow.

If a bearer is successfully established, the CN delivers an RAB assignment request


message to the RNC. The RNC in the R4 version must support all the SDU sub-flow
combinations in the RAB assignment request message. This indicates that the content in
the initialization frame is a universal set of sub-flow combinations determined by RAB
assignment. Therefore, the initialization frame is only used to negotiate Iu UP version

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information and RFCI correspondence (each RFCI corresponds to a sub-flow


combination).

In the R99 version, this initialization process can only be performed when the RNC
receives an RAB assignment, modification, or RNC relocation request. In the R4 version,
the CN can also perform this initialization process, which is called Iu UP reverse
initialization. The following figure shows Iu UP initialization.

Figure 3-3 Iu UP Initialization

RNC/ CN/
CN RNC
INITIALISATION
2)
* ((RFCI, SDU sizes[, IPTIs ])m )

INITIALISATION ACK

Transfer Of User Data

* can be repeated N INIT times


2)
optional

In the RFCI set determined during Iu UP initialization, the rate that corresponds to the
first RAB sub-flow combination is the highest rate in the initialization response direction
permitted by the local end when data transmission begins. The highest rate must be
higher than the guaranteed rate and SID rate. The highest rate can be modified during Iu
UP rate control after Iu UP initialization. The rates higher than the guaranteed rate are
called controllable rates, and the rates lower than the guaranteed rate cannot be
modified.

3.3.3 Iu UP Rate Control

The purpose of Iu UP rate control is to notify the peer Iu UP protocol layer of the highest
rate at the Iu interface in the reverse direction of the rate control frame. In the R4 version,
Iu UP rate control can be initiated by the RNC or the CN. In the R99 version, Iu UP rate
control can only be initiated by the RNC.

As long as an Iu UP entity is not suspended by other control flows, it can initiate rate
control. The controlled rates are all included in the RFC set determined during Iu UP
initialization. These rates that correspond to the RFC should be higher than the

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guaranteed rate. Rate control cannot be implemented when the SID rate and the RFC
are lower than the guaranteed rate because they cannot be prohibited.

Figure 3-4 Flow of Iu UP Rate Control

RNC/ CN/
CN RNC
RATE CONTROL
(RFCI indicators)

RATE CONTROL ACK


(RFCI indicators)

Note: The rate control frame describes the limits of an RFC set, hereinafter called the
"RFC limit set".

In downlink direction, the RNC triggers the rate control frame, records the "RFC limit set"
(downlink direction), and monitors the operations of the CN. If the CN sends the data
frame of the limited RFCI, the rate control frame must be resent. In uplink direction, the Iu
UP module of the RNC receives the rate control frame and implements the limit through
TFC control.

The rate control initiated by the CN is as follows: After receiving a rate control message
from the RNC, the CN initiates rate control to the other party of the call to limit or open the
other party's uplink AMR level, or the CN initiates a rate adjustment flow according to the
TrFO. For example, during SRNS relocation, the CN performs reverse initialization first
after a new RNC sends relocation detection to the CN, and then the new RNC initiates a
process called immediate initialization. This aims at negotiating the highest rate for data
transmission between two Iu UP entities supporting TrFO.

The rate control initiated by the RNC is as follows: During the dynamic AMR process, the
RNC adjusts the downlink AMR level according the downlink load of a cell or the
dedicated TCP measurement of an RL and initiates rate control.

Compared with the encoding and decoding type negotiation before initialization, Iu UP
rate control is in-band rate control.

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4 Parameters

4.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR

Table 4-1 Parameter Description

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR
ULogicalRnc.a 4.75 kbps in Iu UP 0:Not
AMR_NB 0:Not 0:Not
mrNbMode0Us version 1. It is used in Used N/A
4.75k Use Tag Used Used
eTag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR
ULogicalRnc.a 5.15 kbps in Iu UP 0: Not
AMR_NB 0:Not 0:Not
mrNbMode1Us version 1. It is used in Used N/A
5.15k Use Tag Used Used
eTag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR
ULogicalRnc.a 5.90 kbps in Iu UP 0: Not
AMR_NB 0:Not 0:Not
mrNbMode2Us version 1. It is used in Used N/A
5.90k Use Tag Used Used
eTag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

ULogicalRnc.a AMR_NB This parameter 0: Not 0:Not 0:Not


N/A
mrNbMode3Us 6.70k Use Tag indicates whether the Used Used Used

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Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
eTag RNC supports AMR 1: Used
6.70 kbps in Iu UP
version 1. It is used in
the user plane
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR
ULogicalRnc.a 7.40 kbps in Iu UP 0: Not
AMR_NB 0:Not 0:Not
mrNbMode4Us version 1. It is used in Used N/A
7.40k Use Tag Used Used
eTag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR
ULogicalRnc.a 7.95 kbps in Iu UP 0: Not
AMR_NB 0:Not 0:Not
mrNbMode5Us version 1. It is used in Used N/A
7.95k Use Tag Used Used
eTag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR
ULogicalRnc.a 10.2 kbps in Iu UP 0: Not
AMR_NB 0:Not 0:Not
mrNbMode6Us version 1. It is used in Used N/A
10.2k Use Tag Used Used
eTag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

ULogicalRnc.a This parameter 0: Not


AMR_NB
mrNbMode7Us indicates whether the Used N/A 1:Used 1:Used
12.2k Use Tag
eTag RNC supports AMR 1: Used

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Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
12.2 kbps in Iu UP
version 1. It is used in
the user plane
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
GBR rate assigned by
GBR of AMR
the CN is forcibly
Service
URncFunction. reserved in Iu UP V1 0: False
Whether to be N/A 1 1
amrGbrResInd mode, when the GBR 1: True
Reserved
rate assigned by the CN
Indicator
does not match the
AMR rate configured by
RNC.

0: AMR
Rate
The parameter is used Changi
to indicates whether ng is
narrowband or Allowed
0: AMR 0: AMR
wideband AMR service after
Rate Rate
rate is allowed to be Relocati
AMR Rate Changi Changi
changed after the on
URncInfo.Intra Control Switch ng is ng is
relocation or not. "0" 1: AMR N/A
RlocAmrRtCtrl after Allowed Allowed
indicates rate changing Rate
Relocation after after
after relocation is not Changi
Relocat Relocat
allowed. while "1" ng is
ion ion
indicates rate changing Not
after relocation is Allowed
allowed. after
Relocati
on

Specifies the Amr cut


URncFunction. Inter-RAT 1: cut
decision when IuUP
interRatV1V2A V1+V2 Amr 2: not N/A 1: cut 1: cut
version including
mrCut Cut Decision cut
V1+V2 in the inter-RAT

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Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
case

Specifies the Amr cut


URncFunction. Intra-RAT decision when IuUP 1: cut
2: not 2: not
intraRatV1V2A V1+V2 Amr version including 2: not N/A
cut cut
mrCut Cut Decision V1+V2 in the intra-RAT cut
case

4.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

4.2.1 Uplink Rate Adjustment Based on the UE Transmitted Power

Table 4-2 Parameter Description

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value

AMR Rate This parameter


ULogicalRnc.a Adjustment indicates whether AMR 0: Off
N/A 0:Off 1:On
mrRncAdjust Switch for rate adjustment is 1: On
RNC supported in the RNC.

Used UE
UUtranCellFD This parameter is the 0..6553
Internal
D.refUUeIntMe DN (Distinguish Name) 5, step N/A N/A N/A
Measurement
asProfile of UUeIntMeasProfile. 1
Profile

UUeIntMeasPr ID of UE internal 0..9,


Profile Id NA NA N/A
ofile.profileId measurement Profile step 1

This parameter is used


for indexing the
UE Internal
UAmrEvtTPUe configuration of the 0..6553
Measurement
Int.ueIntMCfgN parameters of UE 5, step long N/A N/A
Configuration
o transmitted power event 1
Index
report for AMR
dyanamical rate control.

UAmrEvtTPUe Measurement This parameter 0: N/A 0:Ackn 0:Ackn

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Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
Int.measRptTr Report indicates the RLC mode Acknow owledg owledg
Mod Transfer Mode of the UE internal ledged ed ed
measurement report. If Mode Mode Mode
the value is AM RLC, RLC RLC RLC
RNC can request UE for 1:
retransmission after Unackn
receiving the error SDU owledg
label (not continuous). If ed
the value is UM RLC, Mode
the retransmission is RLC
not required. Usually,
report the results of the
important
measurements in AM
mode and those less
important in UM mode
(to reduce the traffic
volume of the
measurement report
and increase the
system capacity).

This parameter
(0, 1,
indicates the filtering
2, 3, 4,
factor that UE performs
UAmrEvtTPUe Filter 5, 6, 7,
the L3 filtering on the N/A 3 3
Int.filterCoeff Coefficient 8, 9, 11,
measurement results of
13, 15,
the internal
17, 19)
measurement.

Maximum This parameter


UAmrEvtTPUe
Event Number indicates the maximum 1..7,
Int.measEvtNu N/A 2 2
of UE Internal event number of UE step 1
m
Measurement internal measurement.

This parameter
UE Internal
UAmrEvtTPUe indicates the UE [6a, 6b,
Measurement N/A [6a, 6b] [6a, 6b]
Int.meaEvtId internal measurement 6f, 6g]
Event Identity
event identity.

UAmrEvtTPUe Time to Trigger This parameter (0, 10, ms [1280, [1280,

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Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
Int.trigTime indicates the period of 20, 40, 1280] 1280]
time during which the 60, 80,
event condition has to 100,
be satisfied before 120,
sending a measurement 160,
report. 200,
240,
320,
640,
1280,
2560,
5000)m
s

This parameter
UE (-50,
UAmrEvtTPUe indicates the UE
Transmitted 0)dB,
Int.txPowerThr transmitted power dB [-1, -2] [-1, -2]
Power step1
es threshold in event
Threshold dB
6a/6b.

This parameter
indicates the maximum
DPCH uplink transmit
power allowed for a UE.
When uplink inner loop
power control is
performed, the transmit
power newly calculated
Maximum
by a UE may be larger [33,33, [33,33,
Allowed Uplink (-50..33
USrvDivPc.ma than this parameter. In 33,33,3 33,33,3
DPCH )dBm, dBm
xUlDpchPwr this case, the UE can 3,33,33 3,33,33
Transmission step
only use this parameter ,33,33] ,33,33]
Power 1dBm
for transmitting signals.
This parameter is a
nine-element array.
These elements are
used in different load
conditions and user
priorities. The
corresponding

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 35


NB-AMR Rate Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
relationships of the
elements and load
levels and user
priorities are as follows:
Element 1: low load,
gold medal user
Element 2: low load,
silver medal user
Element 3: low load,
bronze medal user
Element 4: medium
load, gold medal user
Element 5: medium
load, silver medal user
Element 6: medium
load, bronze user
Element 7: high load,
gold medal user
Element 8: high load,
silver medal user
Element 9: high load,
bronze medal user

4.2.2 Downlink Rate Adjustment Based on the Dedicated Measurement of


Node B Transmitted Power

Table 4-3 Parameter Description

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value

AMR Rate This parameter indicates


ULogicalR
Adjustment whether AMR rate 0: Off
nc.amrRnc N/A 0:Off 1:On
Switch for adjustment is supported 1: On
Adjust
RNC in the RNC.

UNbDedM Profile Id This parameter indicates 0..9 NA NA N/A

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 36


NB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
easProfile. the Profile Id for the
profileId NodeB dedicated
measurement. Each
profile corresponds one
setting of NodeB
dedicated measurement
parameters.

0: Period
Report
Parameters for
TCP in Power
Balance
1: Period
Report 7:
Parameters for Event
TCP in AMR or A
DASF-PS or 7: Event Report
Handover A Report Param
Control Paramet eters
This parameter indicates 2: Event A ers for for
the function, purpose Report TCP in TCP in
UNbDedM Function of
etc. of the dedicated Parameters for AMR AMR
eas.nbDM Configuration N/A
measurement TCP in 8: Event 8:
CfgNote Parameters
parameters indicated by DASF-PS B Report Event
the configuration index. 3: Event B Paramet B
Report ers for Report
Parameters for TCP in Param
TCP in AMR eters
DASF-PS for
4: Period TCP in
Report AMR
Parameters for
RTT in LCS
5: Event E
Report
Parameters for
SIR Error in

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 37


NB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
Outer Loop
Power Control
6: Event F
Report
Parameters for
SIR Error in
Outer Loop
Power Control
7: Event A
Report
Parameters for
TCP in AMR
8: Event B
Report
Parameters for
TCP in AMR
9: Event A
Report
Parameters for
TCP in
Handover
Control
10: Event B
Report
Parameters for
TCP in
Handover
Control

1: SIR Error 2:
This parameter indicates 2:
UNbDedM Dedicated 2: Transmitted Trans
the type of dedicated Transmit
eas.dedM Measurement Code Power N/A mitted
measurement to be ted Code
easType Type 5: Round Trip Code
executed by Node B Power
Time Power

This parameter indicates


UNbDedM Measurement ( 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
how filtering of the
eas.meas Filter 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, N/A 2 2
measurement values
FilterCoeff Coefficient 11, 13, 15, 17,
shall be performed

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 38


NB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
before measurement 19)
event evaluation and
reporting.
The averaging shall be
performed according to
the following formula.
F(n) =(1-a)* F(n-1) +
a*M(n)
The variables in the
formula are defined as
follows:
F(n) is the updated
filtered measurement
result
F(n-1) is the old filtered
measurement result
Mn is the latest received
measurement result from
physical layer
measurements
a = (1/2)^ (k/2) , where k
is the Measurement
Filter Coefficient. If k=1
theres no filtering)
In order to initialise the
averaging filter, F(0) is
set to M(1) when the first
measurement result from
the physical layer
measurement is
received.

This parameter indicates 1: On Demand


the report characteristics 2: Periodic
UNbDedM Report 2:
of measurement results, 3: Event A 2:
eas.rptTyp Characteristic N/A Period
which can be on 4: Event B Periodic
e s ic
demand, periodic or by 5: Event C
triggering all kinds of: 6: Event D

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 39


NB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
events. 7: Event E
8: Event F

This parameter indicates


the power offset of the
DPCH maximum DL
power, which defines
which threshold that
shall trigger event A, B
for transmitted carrier
power measurement.
In PS DRBC, this
threshold is related to
the service rate as
following:
Rate Level PS Service
Measurement Rate (R) Threshold of
UNbDedM Threshold of Event A/B
(-50..0)dB, [-0.4,-1.6 [-0.4,-
eas.evtAb Event A/B for Level 1 R<= dB
step 0.1dB ] 1.6]
TcpThrd Transmitted DlRateLevel[0]
Code Power EvtAbTcpThrd [0]
Level 2
DlRateLevel[0]<R<=
DlRateLevel[1]
EvtAbTcpThrd [1]
Level 3
R>DlRateLevel[1]
EvtAbTcpThrd [2]
Other case, the
threshold and service
rate independent, and
the threshold is
EvtAbTcpThrd [0].

Measurement For event A/B/E/F, this


UNbDedM
Change parameter is
eas.evtAb (10..60000)ms, ms 100 100
Time/Measur measurement hysteresis
cdefTime step 10ms
ement time and the

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 40


NB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
Hysteresis measurement hysteresis
Time time provides the
duration during which a
reporting criterion has to
be fulfilled for the
Measurement Reporting
procedure to be
triggered.
For event C/D, this
parameter is change
time. and the change
time is the time the
measurement entity shall
rise on (in ms), in order
to trigger a measurement
report.

This parameter indicates


Choice
UNbDedM the report period unit
Report 1: ms
eas.rptPrd applied by Node B for N/A ms ms
Periodicity 2: min
Unit measurement result
Scale
reporting.

RptPrdUnit =1:
This parameter indicates (10..60000)ms,
UNbDedM the frequency of step 10ms
Report Period ms 1000 1000
eas.rptPrd measurement report RptPrdUnit =2:
transmitted by Node B. (1..60)min step
min

This parameter indicates


the maximum DPCH
downlink transmit power.
USrvDivPc DPCH When downlink inner [3,3,3,3, [3,3,3,
(-35..15)dB,
.maxDlDpc Maximum DL loop power control is dB 0,0,3,0,0 3,0,0,
step 0.1dB
hPwr Power performed, new transmit ] 3,0,0]
power must be smaller
than or equal to the
configured DPCH

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 41


NB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
Maximum DL Power. If
the newly calculated
transmit power is larger
than the configured
DPCH Maximum DL
Power, set it to be equal
to the configured DPCH
Maximum DL Power.
This parameter is a
nine-element array.
These elements are
used in different load
conditions and user
priorities. The
corresponding
relationships of the
elements and load levels
and user priorities are as
follows:
Element 1: low load, gold
medal user
Element 2: low load,
silver medal user
Element 3: low load,
bronze medal user
Element 4: medium load,
gold medal user
Element 5: medium load,
silver medal user
Element 6: medium load,
bronze user
Element 7: high load,
gold medal user
Element 8: high load,
silver medal user
Element 9: high load,
bronze medal user

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 42


NB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value

This parameter indicates


Event A
the reported times of
Counter
threshold of DTCP
Threshold for
measurement event A. If
PS on DL
UDrbc.dtc the times of the event A
DCH or DL 1..255 N/A 2 2
pEaThd that only uses TCP is
AMR
larger than this
Decreasing
threshold, the speed of
Rate Based
downlink PS or AMR will
on D-TCP
be reduced.

This parameter indicates


Event B the event B counter
Counter threshold of consecutive
Threshold for DTCP reports. If the
Restriction times of dedicated
PS transmitted code power
Increasing is less than the event B
UDrbc.dtcp
Rate on DL threshold exceed the 1..255 N/A 2 2
EbThd
DCH or threshold indicated by
Triggering DL this parameter, it will
AMR trigger the downlink AMR
Increasing increasing rate or allow
Rate Based PS services to increase
on D-TCP rate on DL DCH based
on traffic volume report.

4.2.3 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load and Resource Congestion

Table 4-4 Parameter Description

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value

Switch of This parameter is the 0: not 0: not 0: not


URncInfo.conF
Forbidding switch of forbidding forbidde N/A forbidd forbidd
orbAmrSwit
AMR AMR deceleration n en en

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NB-AMR Rate Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
Deceleration triggered by congestion 1:
Triggered by control. When the forbidde
Congestion switch is on, AMR n
Control speed is forbidden even
resource is congested.

This parameter is the


Switch of
switch of forbidding 0: not
Forbidding
AMR deceleration forbidde
AMR 0: not 0: not
URncInfo.load triggered by overload n
Deceleration N/A forbidd forbidd
ForAmrSwit control. When the 1:
Triggered by en en
switch is on, AMR forbidde
Overload
speed is forbidden even n
Control
resource is overload.

4.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

Table 4-5 Parameter Description

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value

Specifies the Amr cut


URncFunction. Inter-RAT decision when IuUP 1: cut
interRatV1V2A V1+V2 Amr version including 2: not N/A 1: cut 1: cut
mrCut Cut Decision V1+V2 in the inter-RAT cut
case

Specifies the Amr cut


URncFunction. Intra-RAT decision when IuUP 1: cut
2: not 2: not
intraRatV1V2A V1+V2 Amr version including 2: not N/A
cut cut
mrCut Cut Decision V1+V2 in the intra-RAT cut
case

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NB-AMR Rate Control

5 Related Counters and Alarms

5.1 Related Counters

Table 5-1 Counters

Counter ID Name

C310030466 Number of CS AMR 12.2k in the best cell

C310030467 Number of CS AMR 10.2k in the best cell

C310030468 Number of CS AMR 7.95k in the best cell

C310030469 Number of CS AMR 7.4k in the best cell

C310030470 Number of CS AMR 6.7k in the best cell

C310030471 Number of CS AMR 5.9k in the best cell

C310030472 Number of CS AMR 5.15k in the best cell

C310030473 Number of CS AMR 4.75k in the best cell

C310030638 Number of CS AMR 12.2k in the non-best cell

C310030639 Number of CS AMR 10.2k in the non-best cell

C310030640 Number of CS AMR 7.95k in the non-best cell

C310030641 Number of CS AMR 7.4k in the non-best cell

C310030642 Number of CS AMR 6.7k in the non-best cell

C310030643 Number of CS AMR 5.9k in the non-best cell

C310030644 Number of CS AMR 5.15k in the non-best cell

C310030645 Number of CS AMR 4.75k in the non-best cell

C310063411 Number of CS AMR 12.2k in the DRNC cell

C310063412 Number of CS AMR 10.2k in the DRNC cell

C310063413 Number of CS AMR 7.95k in the DRNC cell

C310063414 Number of CS AMR 7.4k in the DRNC cell

C310063415 Number of CS AMR 6.7k in the DRNC cell

C310063416 Number of CS AMR 5.9k in the DRNC cell

C310063417 Number of CS AMR 5.15k in the DRNC cell

C310063418 Number of CS AMR 4.75k in the DRNC cell

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NB-AMR Rate Control

C310040001 Holding time for the best cell,AMR12.2

C310040002 Holding time for the best cell,AMR10.2

C310040003 Holding time for the best cell,AMR7.95

C310040004 Holding time for the best cell,AMR7.4

C310040005 Holding time for the best cell,AMR6.7

C310040006 Holding time for the best cell,AMR5.9

C310040007 Holding time for the best cell,AMR5.15

C310040008 Holding time for the best cell,AMR4.75

C310040075 Holding time for the non-best cell,AMR12.2

C310040076 Holding time for the non-best cell,AMR10.2

C310040077 Holding time for the non-best cell,AMR7.95

C310040078 Holding time for the non-best cell,AMR7.4

C310040079 Holding time for the non-best cell,AMR6.7

C310040080 Holding time for the non-best cell,AMR5.9

C310040081 Holding time for the non-best cell,AMR5.15

C310040082 Holding time for the non-best cell,AMR4.75

C310073296 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR12.2

C310073297 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR10.2

C310073298 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR7.95

C310073299 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR7.4

C310073300 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR6.7

C310073301 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR5.9

C310073302 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR5.15

C310073303 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR4.75

C310073296 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR12.2

C310073297 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR10.2

C310073298 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR7.95

C310073299 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR7.4

C310073300 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR6.7

C310073301 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR5.9

C310073302 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR5.15

C310073303 Holding time for the DRNC cell,AMR4.75

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 46


NB-AMR Rate Control

Number of abnormal release RAB by Uu-fail,CS,AMR


C310291927
12.2

Number of abnormal release RAB by Uu-fail,CS,AMR


C310291928
10.2

Number of abnormal release RAB by Uu-fail,CS,AMR


C310291929
7.95

Number of abnormal release RAB by Uu-fail,CS,AMR


C310291930
7.4

Number of abnormal release RAB by Uu-fail,CS,AMR


C310291931
6.7

Number of abnormal release RAB by Uu-fail,CS,AMR


C310291932
5.9

Number of abnormal release RAB by Uu-fail,CS,AMR


C310291933
5.15

Number of abnormal release RAB by Uu-fail,CS,AMR


C310291934
4.75

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373796
CS,conversation:AMR 12.2

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373797
CS,conversation:AMR 10.2

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373798
CS,conversation:AMR 7.95

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373799
CS,conversation:AMR 7.4

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373800
CS,conversation:AMR 6.7

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373801
CS,conversation:AMR 5.9

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373802
CS,conversation:AMR 5.15

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373803
CS,conversation:AMR 4.75

C310800164 Max Number of DC+MIMO users in NodeB

C310800165 Current Number of DC+MIMO users in NodeB

C310231185 Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,AMR 12.2

C310231186 Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,AMR 10.2

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 47


NB-AMR Rate Control

C310231187 Total number ofRABreleasefor CS domain,AMR 7.95

C310231188 Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,AMR 7.4

C310231189 Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,AMR 6.7

C310231190 Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,AMR 5.9

C310231191 Total number ofRABreleasefor CS domain,AMR 5.15

C310231192 Total number ofRABreleasefor CS domain,AMR 4.75

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231231
request for CS domain,AMR 12.2

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231232
request for CS domain,AMR 10.2

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231233
request for CS domain,AMR 7.95

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231234
request for CS domain,AMR 7.4

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231235
request for CS domain,AMR 6.7

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231236
request for CS domain,AMR 5.9

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231237
request for CS domain,AMR 5.15

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231238
request for CS domain,AMR 4.75

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS domain,AMR


C310231162
12.2

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS domain,AMR


C310231163
10.2

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS domain,AMR


C310231164
7.95

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS domain,AMR


C310231165
7.4

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS domain,AMR


C310231166
6.7

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS domain,AMR


C310231167
5.9

C310231168 Number of RAB abnormal release for CS domain,AMR

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 48


NB-AMR Rate Control

5.15

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS domain,AMR


C310231169
4.75

5.2 Related Alarms

This feature has no related alarms.

6 Engineering Guide

6.1 Application Scenario

6.1.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR

With this feature, users can make calls on the ZTE UMTS network. This feature is a basic
feature of UMTS networks.

6.1.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

With this feature, ZTE's RNC can adjust the uplink and downlink NB-AMR rates based on
the UE uplink transmit power and NodeB downlink transmit power respectively, or adjust
AMR rates during resource congestion. This feature improves cell capacity and user
experience when radio link quality is reduced.

6.1.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

With this feature, Out of Band Transcoder Control (OoBTC) can be used during NB-AMR
service establishment to implement consistent voice encoding and decoding negotiation
between the UE and the network. In this way, the TC (Transcoder) is not necessary and
coded voice data is transmitted transparently between users. This improves voice quality
and saves transmission bandwidth between core networks.

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NB-AMR Rate Control

6.2 Feature Activation Procedure

6.2.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR


None.

6.2.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

6.2.2.1 Uplink Rate Adjustment Based on the UE Transmit Power

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > PLMN Relating Configuration > Logic RNC
Configuration and set AMR Rate Adjustment Switch for RNC, see the following
figure.

Figure 6-1 Parameter Configuration Interface 1

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell and set Used UE Internal
Measurement Profile to default, see the following figure.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 50


NB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-2 Parameter Configuration Interface 2

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > UE Internal Measurement Profile and set Profile ID to default, see
the following figure.

Figure 6-3 Parameter Configuration Interface 3

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement

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NB-AMR Rate Control

Configuration > UE Internal Measurement Profile > UE Transmitted Power Event


Measurement Configuration for AMR and set Measurement Report Transfer Mode,
Filter Coefficient, Maximum Event Number of UE Internal Measurement, UE
Internal Measurement Event Identity, Time to Trigger, and UE Transmitted Power
Threshold, see the following figure.

Figure 6-4 Parameter Configuration Interface 4

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Service Function >
Power Control Profile Related to Service > Power Control Related to Service >
Power Control Related to Service and Diversity Mode and set Maximum Allowed
Uplink DPCH Transmission Power, see the following figure.

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NB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-5 Parameter Configuration Interface 5

6.2.2.2 Downlink Rate Adjustment Based on the Dedicated Measurement of NodeB


Transmit Power

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > PLMN Relating Configuration > Logic RNC
Configuration and set AMR Rate Adjustment Switch for RNC, see the following
figure.

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NB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-6 Parameter Configuration Interface 6

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > NodeB Dedicated Measurement Profile and set Profile Id to default,
see the following figure.

Figure 6-7 Parameter Configuration Interface 7

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NB-AMR Rate Control

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > NodeB Dedicated Measurement Configuration and set Function of
Configuration Parameters, Dedicated Measurement Type, Measurement Filter
Coefficient, Report Characteristics, Measurement Threshold of Event A/B for
Transmitted Code Power, Measurement Change Time/Measurement Hysteresis
Time, Choice Report Periodicity Scale, and Report Period, see the following figure.

Figure 6-8 Parameter Configuration Interface 8

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > NodeB Dedicated Measurement Configuration and set DPCH
Maximum DL Power to default, see the following figure.

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NB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-9 Parameter Configuration Interface 9

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Global Information Configuration > Dynamic
Radio Bearer Control Information Profile > Dynamic Radio Bearer Control
Information and set Event A Counter Threshold for PS on DL DCH or DL AMR
Decreasing Rate Based on D-TCP and Event B Counter Threshold for Restriction
PS Increasing Rate on DL DCH or Triggering DL AMR Increasing Rate Based on
D-TCP to default, see the following figure.

Figure 6-10 Parameter Configuration Interface 10

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NB-AMR Rate Control

6.2.2.3 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load and Resource Congestion

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Global Information Configuration > Dynamic
Radio Bearer Control Information Profile > Dynamic Radio Bearer Control
Information and set Switch of Forbidding AMR Deceleration Triggered by
Congestion Control and Switch of Forbidding AMR Deceleration Triggered by
Overload Control to default, see the following figure.

Figure 6-11 Parameter Configuration Interface 11

6.2.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration and set S Intra-RAT V1+V2 Amr Cut Decision and
Inter-RAT V1+V2 Amr Cut Decision, see the following figure.

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NB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-12 Parameter Configuration Interface 12

6.3 Feature Validation Procedure

6.3.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR

N/A

6.3.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure

Test Item AMR Rate Controlling based on UE TxPower

1. The WCDMA system is ready.


2. Cell1 supports HSUPA, HSDPA, and DCH.
Prerequisit 3. Both the CN and the RNC support multiple rates for AMR. Uplink
es and downlink AMR voice supports the rates of 12.2 kbps, 7.4 kbps,
5.15 kbps, and 4.75 kbps.
4. UE1 and UE2 camp on Cell1 in idle mode.

1. UE1 makes an AMR voice call to UE2 in Cell1.


2. UE1 is deleted from Cell1 to trigger event 6A. The uplink AMR rate
of UE1 is decreased.
Steps
3. UE1 is added to Cell1 to trigger event 6B. The uplink AMR rate of
UE1 is increased.
4. The voice call is released.

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NB-AMR Rate Control

Test Item AMR Rate Controlling based on UE TxPower

1. The initial and highest bit rate of the AMR voice service is 12.2
Expected
kbps.
Result
2. The AMR rate adaptation procedure is normal.

6.3.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

N/A

6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure

6.4.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR

N/A

6.4.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

Table 6-2 RNC Parameter

No Parameter Name Default Value Deactivation Value

AMR Rate Adjustment


1 0:Off 0:Off
Switch for RNC

6.4.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

The CN deactivates the feature.

6.5 Impact on the Network

6.5.1 ZWF21-02-001 Conversational RAB for AMR

1) Impact on Equipment Performance

None.

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NB-AMR Rate Control

2) Impact on Network KPIs

Advantages of this feature:

Users can make NB-AMR conversational calls in the UMTS network.

Disadvantages of this feature:

None.

6.5.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

1) Impact on Equipment Performance

None.

2) Impact on Network KPIs

Advantages of this feature:

With this feature, ZTE's RNC can adjust the uplink and downlink NB-AMR rates based on
the UE uplink transmit power and NodeB downlink transmit power respectively, or adjust
AMR rates during resource congestion. This feature improves cell capacity and user
experience when radio link quality is reduced.

Disadvantages of this feature:

Voice quality is slightly reduced when the NB-AMR rate is reduced.

6.5.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

1) Impact on Equipment Performance

None.

2) Impact on Network KPIs

Advantages of this feature:

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NB-AMR Rate Control

With this feature, Out of Band Transcoder Control (OoBTC) can be used during NB-AMR
service establishment to implement consistent voice encoding and decoding negotiation
between the UE and the network. In this way, the TC (Transcoder) is not necessary and
coded voice data is transmitted transparently between users. This improves voice quality
and saves transmission bandwidth between core networks.

Disadvantages of this feature:

None.

7 Abbreviations
Abbreviation Full Name

3GPP 3rd Generation Partnership Project

UE User Equipment

NB-AMR Narrow Band Adaptive Multi-Rate

WB-AMR Wide Band Adaptive Multi-Rate

TrFO Transcoder Free Operation

OoBTC Out-of-Band Transcoder Control

TC Transcoder

8 Reference Documents
[1]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter
Reference

[2]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Ground Parameter


Reference

[3]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Performance Counter


Reference

[4]ZXWR RNC(V3.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter Reference

[5]ZXWR RNC(V3.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Ground Parameter Reference

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NB-AMR Rate Control

[6]ZXWR RNC(V3.13.10.15)Radio Network Controller Performance Counter Reference

[7]ZTE UMTS Directed Retry to GSM Feature Guide

[8]ZTE UMTS Power Control Feature Guide

[9]ZTE UTMS Overload Control Feature Guide

[10]ZTE UMTS Congestion Control Feature Guide

[11]ZTE UMTS Adaptive Radio Bearer Feature Guide

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