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Distribution

ED01 English

Jinyoung Paek

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1 LSM Overview

2 LSM Management Functions

3 LSM Redundancy

4 Practice

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LSM Overview

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Common Platform based EMS

LSM is based on common platform


and standardized components

Customizable and common platform


base of EMS are managing various
Network Elements

The following best-in-suite software


applications integrate standardized
components with AceMANTM
General Manager
Alarm Manager
Alarm Performance
Network Manager Manager Manager
Network
Performance Manager Manager
Security General
Security Manager Manager Manager

AceMANTM
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Specification
LSM/LSS Server
eNB
Database

NBI Mediation layer

North Bound Interface

South Bound Interface


eNB
Management Functions SNMP
Operators eNB
Preferred UDP RAN
Protocol SON Functions( SC/SO ) FTP

GUI Interface
eNB

NMS HTTP,RMI,FTP eNB

eNB
RAN
LSM GUI Clients
(Web)

Specification
PRODUCT LSM (LTE System Manager)
PRODUCT TYPE EMS (Element Management System)
MANAGE DEVICES eNodeB
MANAGE PROTOCOL SNMPv2, FTP, UDP
S/W PLATFORM Samsung Proprietary EMS Platform
H/W PLATFORM Linux, Unix Server (Dell Linux Server, SUN Solaris Server)
x86 Desktop PC Client
HIGH AVAILIABILITY 1:1 Active : Standby Redundancy
CLIENT GUI TYPE Web based GUI
DEVELOPMENT LANGUAGE Server : Java, XML, JDBC
Client : HTTP, Java Script, Java Applet
DATABASE Commercial RDBMS (mySQL)
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LSM Function Overview

Category Main Functions


CLI Window / Grow, Degrow of NE /
Cell Management / Neighbor Management /
Configuration
Software Management / SON Option /
Data Synchronization / System Backup

Event Viewer /
Fault Alarm History / Current Alarm / Fault Statistics /
Audible Alarm / Visible Alarm
Statistic Data / PI Monitoring / Call Trace /
Performance
Call Trace History
User Management/ Change Password /
Security Group Management / IP Management /
Login History / Operation History
Network Monitoring/ Process Management /
General Resource Manager / Database / Self-Diagnosis /
Log Viewer

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LSM Management Functions

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Main View

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Configuration Management
Group Management
NE Type, Area, Subnet
Group Access for each operator
Tree Viewer
Display NE in tree format
Representative Alarm Display
Map Viewer

Display the all NEs
Filtering / Search Function
Rack Viewer
Display the Rack/Shelf/Board
Display the Cell Information
Grow/Degrow of NE
Registration of NE
Grow/Degrow of Cell(Sector/FA)

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CLI Management
CLI Window
Response Window
CLI history Window
Event Window
Command Input
Select a command from the tree
Enter parameter
Batch Command
Adding a Batch Job
Saving a Batch File

Etc.
Macro Execution
Repeat
(Selecting a specific NE or group)

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Mobility Management
Provide Management Functions for
Mobility Parameters

Neighbor Management
Cell Based Incoming/Outgoing
Neighbor Management
Automatic Neighbor Relation
Neighbor Import/Export
Neighbor Audit

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Fault Management
Real Time Alarm Monitoring
Alarm/Fault/Status History
Management
Statistics & Analysis : Graph/Text
Audible Alarm Setting
Alarm severity
Alarm Code
Visible Alarm Setting
Reports (Excel, PDF Save/Print)

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Performance Management
5 Minutes performance Data
gathering and analysis
5 Minutes, Hourly
Periodic performance data gathering
result Report
Statistics & Analysis : Graph/Text
TCA Data Management
Adding TCA
Real-time Monitoring
PI Monitoring
Reports (Excel, PDF Save/Print)

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Software Management
Package Upgrade Management eNB
Perform Package Upgrade ECM

Reserved

Execute type/Schedule S/W Upgrade Controller


Upgrade
Rectifier
I/O Interface Area

Software
S/W Maintenance Controller
ECM

Software and Firmware Update


Reserved

Rectifier

eNB V1.0.0
I/O Interface Area

Perform a firmware update V1.2.0


S/W V1.2.0.1
Perform a software update
ECM

eNB Reserved

Library LSM
Make and manage the schedule Verify
Rectifier
I/O Interface Area

ECM

Reserved

S/W Diagnostic Functions Rectifier


I/O Interface Area

S/W Validation Check


S/W Version, History check
ECM

Reserved

Rectifier
I/O Interface Area

Compare
Verify ECM

Reserved

Compares package/firmware between Rectifier


I/O Interface Area

the LSM and NE

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Trace Management
Activation Function based on 3GPP
Spec
Signaling based Activation
Management based Activation
Cell based Activation

Real-Time Trace Monitoring GUI


Signaling traffic report
Chart & Table display
Detail information about call
message
Filtering function

Call Trace history Management


Table display
Detail information about history call
Filtering function
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Security Management
User Management
User Level
administrator
operator
guest
Group Management
Add/Change/Delete
IP Management
Registration/Change/Delete
Login/Logout History
Operation History
Client Session Management
Forced Termination

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General Management
Process Management
EMS Resource Management and
Statistic
CPU Usage rate and Threshold
File System/DB Monitoring
Memory Usage rate and Threshold
Data & Database
Database Usage Rate and Threshold
Database backup and restore
Backup and restore history
Log Management
Save Period for DB Log information
Current DB status automatic check
Network Status Monitoring
On line help

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High Availability

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High Availability(1/3)

Disk Array

System
Redundancy
STANDBY
ACTIVE

Server A Server B

High Availability

Private
Heartbeat

Physical
Physical Virtual IP Virtual IP
IP2
IP1

Physical IP1 Physical IP2


: Virtual IP : Virtual IP

Link
Redundancy NE NE

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High Availability(2/3)
LSM Redundancy
1:1 active/standby Redundancy only
Only local redundancy for each LSM Server
Disk Array (RAID) and HA S/W are mandatory
Switchover condition
Hardware malfunction
LSM process
MySQL process

Network : Link (interface) redundancy

Redundancy HW
LSM Server : Active-Standby Server
Internal disk mirroring : RAID-1
Dual interface with external disk array
Dual NIC interface with southbound and northbound

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High Availability(3/3)
Failover Condition
LSM Server HW crash and down
Active NIC link down
MySQL process down and fail periodic query
LSM application process down
Disk access fail

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EMS Interface

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Log-in(1/3)
Recommended Specs for EMS Client
OS : Windows XP SP2 or higher
JAVA : JRE 1.5.0_12 / JRE 1.6.0_20

EMS Login
Open Internet Explorer (Microsoft Internet Explorer) to connect to the EMS.
Enter IP address of the EMS server in the address field of the Internet Explorer.

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Log-in(2/3)
JRE(Java Runtime Environment) Version check
If JRE is not installed : Install the JRE
If different Version of JRE is installed : Delete it and install the current version of JRE

Install the additional files : If necessary


Font
Java Policy

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Log-in(3/3)
Login
Enter user ID and password in the corresponding fields.

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Log-out
Log-out
Click the [Logout] button on the upper right corner of the EMS window.

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Interface Structure
Menu Frame

Tree Viewer Frame Main Frame

System Viewer Event Viewer Frame


Frame

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Menu Frame
User Menu Additional function buttons

User information Connection status between


(user ID and group) the server and client

Button Description
Shows sitemap to see the entire EMS structure
Runs Help
Logs out from the EMS that is currently connected

Button Description Button Description


On/Off control of the audible alarm Runs servers resource
Stops currently-playing audible alarm management function

Runs general and resource


management functions
Button Description
Hides/shows System Viewer frame
Hides/shows Event Viewer frame

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Main Frame

Search NE Refresh Show the status of managed NEs


Legend

NE

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Tree Viewer

Sorting: Name, IP

Search : Name, IP

displays network elements


in a tree format.

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System & Event Viewer
System Viewer : Displays EMS resource status, representative alarm of node,
and number of managed NE.

Event Viewer : shows various errors collected by the EMS to the user.

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Basic Operation
Buttons
Button Description
Act Activates node
Add Adds new data
Apply Defines properties for the data or function
Audit Restores scattered data
Close Closes a window
Deact Deactivates nodes
Delete Deletes data
OK Confirms and executes a command
Search Searches data that have already been configured or saved
Set Defines properties for the data or function

Basic Properties
The date can either be directly entered in the text box in the required format or be
selected in the calendar by clicking the calendar button.

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Network Viewer_Tree Viewer
Network Element & Popup Menu

Node Description
EMS A node used to indicate the top parent class in the Tree Viewer.
Group A node used to manage NE by grouping them
NE A node representing a specific system
Rack Represents the rack class of NE
Shelf Represents the shelf class of NE
Board A node representing the board which is the unit of NE.

Normal Critical Major Minor Disabled


Node
(Blue) (Red) (Orange) (Yellow) (Gray)
LSM
Group
eNB
Board - -

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Network Viewer_Rack Viewer
Displaying rack configuration information and current alarm information
Displaying the board configuration information and current alarm information
Displaying the representative alarm of the board
Displaying Current Alarm Information

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Network Viewer_Rack Viewer
Displaying the RRH Configuration and Current Alarm Information.
Click RRH tab on the right side
Displaying the RRH and current alarm information for each board.

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Network Viewer_Rack Viewer
Create RRH
Select location Right-click Select Create RRH from the popup menu
Entering the NE information

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Network Viewer_Rack Viewer
Delete RRH
Select RRH to delete Right-click Select Delete RRH from the popup menu
Entering the password to confirm the deletion.

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Network Viewer_Rack Viewer
Resource Reset
Select the board Right-click Select Reset from the popup menu

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Network Viewer_Rack Viewer
Inventory information for resources
Select a board from the left rack of the Rack Viewer Right-click Select
Inventory from the pop-up menu

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Network Viewer_Tree Viewer
Group Management
Adding a Group : Click on an EMS node in the Tree Viewer Select Network
Creation from the popup menu
Enter name and position on the Create Network window

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Network Viewer_Tree Viewer
Modifying Group Information
Select Network Information from the group node popup menu.
Enter information on the node information screen
Deleting a Group
Select Delete Network from the group node popup menu
A group can only be deleted if there are no NEs registered in it.

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Configuration Management

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CLI(1/3)
Configuration Management - CLI
Select Target Tool Button Macro Button Ver. Information

Response Window
Command
TREE Parameter

Command
Input Window

Event Window

Command History

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CLI(2/3)
Selecting a Target Select Command and enter parameters Check result

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CLI(3/3)
Searching for a Command
At the top of the CLI Window, select a
target.
On the command window, click the
Search tab.
The command corresponding to the input
text is searched.
Click the search command.
The selected command is displayed as an
input command.

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CLI_History Window(1/2)
Reflecting Command Selected in the History Window
Click on one of the commands from the History Window.
The selected command is reflected to the input window.

Executing the History Window Command Directly


Double-click on one of the commands from the History Window.
The selected command from the History Window is executed.

Clearing the Execution History


After the execution of a command, right-click on an executed command from the
history window.
Select Remove COMPLD Only, Remove All, or Remove Selected.
The corresponding execution log is deleted.

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CLI_History Window(2/2)

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CLI_Response Window(1/8)
Displaying the Result of a Successful Execution
After a command is executed, that command is displayed.
If the execution is successful, the result is displayed on the response window.
Displaying the Result of Unsuccessful Execution
If the execution fails, the failure result and reason are displayed on the response
window.

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CLI_Response Window(2/8)
Copying a Message
On the Response Window, select a specific range.
On the response window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Copy to copy the selected message.

Clearing a Message
On the response window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Clear.
All messages in the response window are cleared.
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CLI_Response Window(3/8)
Saving a Message
On the response window, select a specific range.
On the response window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Save, select a path on the dialog window, and click the [OK] button.

The selected message is saved in the specified path.

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CLI_Response Window(4/8)
Saving All Messages
On the response window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Save All, select a path on the dialog window, and click the [OK] button.
All the selected messages are saved in the specified path.

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CLI_Response Window(5/8)
Changing Font
On the response window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change Font, and select a desired font from the dialog window.
The font of the message is changed to the selected font.

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CLI_Response Window(6/8)
Changing Background
On the response window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change Background.
On the Color Chooser dialog window, select a desired color.
The background of the response window is changed to the selected color.

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CLI_Response Window(7/8)
Changing Request Color
On the response window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change Message Color.
Select REQUEST COLOR.
On the Color Chooser dialog window, select the desired color.
The request is displayed in the specified color.

Changing Response Color


On the response window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change Message Color.
Select RESPONSE COLOR.
On the Color Chooser dialog window, select the desired color.
The response is displayed in the specified color.

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CLI_Response Window(8/8)
Changing Error Color
On the response window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change Message Color.
Select ERROR COLOR.
On the Color Chooser dialog window, select a desired color.
Check if the error is displayed in the specified color.

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CLI_Autonomous Window(1/7)
Adding Filter
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Add Filter.
On the Add Filter window, select the Event Message Type.
The filter window of the Event Message Type is added.
On the added window, only the events of the selected Event Message Type are
displayed.

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CLI_Autonomous Window(2/7)
Copying Event
On the autonomous window, select a specific range.
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Copy.

Clearing Event
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Clear
All messages in the autonomous window are cleared.

Saving Event
On the autonomous window, select a specific range.
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Save.
Specify and save a path.

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CLI_Autonomous Window(3/7)
Saving All Events
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Save All.
On a dialog window, select and save a path.

Pause On
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
If you select Pause, the event display is paused at the current state.

Pause Off
On the autonomous window in a Pause On state, right-click to display a popup
menu.
If you select Pause Off, the paused event is normally displayed again.

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CLI_Autonomous Window(4/7)
Changing Font
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change Font.
On the dialog window, select a desired font.
The message is displayed with the specified font.

Changing Background
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change Background.
On the dialog window, select a desired color.
The background of the autonomous window is changed to the selected color.

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CLI_Autonomous Window(5/7)
Changing Critical Alarm Color
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change AutoMessage Color.
Select CRITICAL ALARM COLOR.
On the Color Chooser dialog window, select a desired color.
The Critical Alarm is displayed in the specified color.

Changing Alarm Clear Color


On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change AutoMessage Color.
Select ALARM CLEAR COLOR.
On the Color Chooser dialog window, select a desired color.
Upon alarm clear, it is displayed in the specified color.

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CLI_Autonomous Window(6/7)
Changing Fault Event Color
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change AutoMessage Color.
Select FAULT COLOR.
On the Color Chooser dialog window, select a desired color.
The fault is displayed in the specified color.

Changing Status Event Color


On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change AutoMessage Color.
Select STATUS COLOR.
On the Color Chooser dialog window, select a desired color.
The status is displayed in the specified color.

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CLI_Autonomous Window(7/7)
Changing Trace Event Color
On the autonomous window, right-click to display a popup menu.
Select Change AutoMessage Color.
Select TRACE COLOR.
On the Color Chooser dialog window, select a desired color.
The trace is displayed in the specified color.

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CLI_Batch Job(1/7)
Batch Job Function
Clicking the batch icon ( ) on the toolbar displays the Batch Window.
The Batch Window allows a user to save a list of commands, and execute them as
a whole.

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CLI_Batch Job(2/7)
Adding a Batch Job
Adding from the command tree to a Batch Job
Select a command from the command window.
Click the [Add] button on the batch window.
The selected command is added to the batch job.
Adding from the history window to a Batch Job
Select a command from the history window.
Click the [Add] button on the batch window.
The selected command is added to the batch job.

Specifying the Batch Job Execution Interval


Select a command from the command window.
Specify the Gap on the batch window.
Click the [Add] button on the batch window.
The interval specified in the selected command is applied to be added to the batch
job.
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CLI_Batch Job(3/7)
Deleting a Batch Job
Select a command from the batch window.
Click the [Delete] button on the batch window.
The command is deleted from the batch job.
Modifying a Batch Job
Modifying a target of a batch job
Select a command from the batch window.
On the Target window, modify the target.
Click the [Modify] button on the batch window.
The batch job is changed with a new target.

Modifying a command of a batch job


Select a command from the batch window.
Select a command to modify from the command window.
Click the [Modify] button on the batch window.
The batch job is changed with a new command.

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CLI_Batch Job(4/7)
Modifying the batch job execution interval
Select a command from the batch window.
Modify the Gap on the batch window.
Click the [Modify] button on the batch window.
The execution interval of the command in the batch job is changed.

Changing the execution order of a batch job


Select a command from the batch window.
On the batch window, click the up/down arrow.
The command execution order of the batch job is changed.

Executing a Batch Job


Click the [Start] button.
The prompt asking to enter the password is displayed before executing a batch job.
When the password is entered incorrectly, the execution is cancelled.
The execution result of the command is displayed on the Response Window.
The result of the command execution is displayed in the batch window.
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CLI_Batch Job(5/7)
Stopping a Batch Job
Register a command to the batch list and click the [Start] button.
Click the [Stop] button while the command is being executed.
The execution of command is stopped.

Saving a Batch File


Click the [Save] button on the batch window.
Enter a file name to the popup window.
Click the [Save] button.
The execution commands on the batch window are saved in a file.

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CLI_Batch Job(6/7)
Overwrite a Batch File
Click the [Save] button on the batch window.
Enter a file name which is the same as that of an existing batch file in the popup
window.
Click the [Save] button.
A batch file overwrite message is displayed.

Opening a Batch File


Opening a batch file
Click the [Open] button on the batch window.
Select a file.
Click the [Open] button.
The execution commands are loaded into the batch window.

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CLI_Batch Job(7/7)
Deleting a Batch File
Click the [Save] button on the batch window.
Select a batch file to delete from the popup window.
Click the Delete icon on the right top.
The batch file is deleted.

Deleting a batch file directory


Click the [Save] button on the batch window.
Select a batch file directory to delete from the popup window.
Click the Delete icon on the right top.
The batch file directory is deleted.

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CLI_Macro Execution(1/5)
Adding the Macro
Adding a command selected from a command window to the macro list
Select a command from the tree of the command window.
Click the [Macro] button.
The command is registered to the macro list and the button is activated.

Adding a command to macro list by entering one in the Input Window


Enter a command to the input window.
Click the [Macro] button.
The command is registered to the macro list and the button is activated.

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CLI_Macro Execution(2/5)
Reflecting the Macro
Select a command from the macro list.
The command selected from the command window is reflected.
The input parameters of the command selected from the parameter window are
reflected.
The command selected from the Input Window is reflected.
The Help for the selected command is displayed on the Help window.

Executing the Macro


Select a command from the macro list.
On the Input Window, click the [Execute] button.
The execution result of the command is displayed on the Response Window.
(You can also execute the command using the Enter key on the keyboard.)
The command execution log is displayed on the History Window.

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CLI_Macro Execution(3/5)
Modifying the Macro
Select one icon from the macro list.

Right-click and select Edit.

Enter a command to the input window.

Click the [OK] button.


The macro list is modified using that command.

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CLI_Macro Execution(4/5)
Deleting the Macro
Select one icon from the macro list.

Right-click and select Delete.

The command is deleted from the macro list.

Checking the Redundancy of Macro Command


Select a command-which already exists in the macro list-from the command
window.
Click the [Add] button.
Macro Already Exists message is displayed.

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CLI_Macro Execution(5/5)
Saving and Importing a Macro List per User
Register a command to the macro list.
Close the CLI window.

Select Configuration CLI Window and start the CLI window again.
The commands registered to the macro for each user are loaded.

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Grow and Degrow of NE(1/6)
NE Registration
The Tree Viewer and Map Viewer provide the pop-up menus which are used to
create, change and delete the NEs.

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Grow and Degrow of NE(2/6)
Entering the NE Information
Select Create NE from the NE node pop-up menu on the Tree Viewer or Map
Viewer, or select Configuration Grow on the main menu.
The Grow window is displayed. Enter the information of the NE and click the [Next]
button.

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Grow and Degrow of NE(3/6)

Category Item Description


Group - Selects an upper network group where NE
belongs
Type MACRO_OUTDOOR_RACK Macro outdoor rack type configuration
MACRO_OUTDOOR_DIST Macro outdoor DU/RU separated configuration
PICO_OUTDOOR_RACK Pico outdoor rack type configuration
MACRO_OUTDOOR_MIG Macro outdoor migration configuration
MACRO_INDOOR_DIST Macro indoor DU/RU separated configuration
Version - Version of NE; Manages configuration in XML.
System ID * - Value of eNB ID, 1 to 20 bit (1048575)
Serial No. - Serial Number of eNB
System Name * - NE name, must be unique in the system
Additional Info - Enters the additional information such as the
mounting location of the system
MME IP Information IPv6 Enters the MME IP Address.
MME IP Address Select corresponding Checkbox in case of IPv6.
External Link - External connection port

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Grow and Degrow of NE(4/6)
The second step window is displayed. Enter the detailed information of the cell.
(A cell can be added or deleted by clicking each grid box on the Cell Information.)

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Grow and Degrow of NE(5/6)
Category Item Description
Cell Information - Enter information of the number of FA, Sector to be mounted.
Cell Parameter Bandwidth Bandwidth information
earfcnDI earfcnDl
earfcnUI earfcnUl
FreqBandIndicator Frequency Band Indicator
SON Option Auto PCI Allocation Turn On/Off the auto-assignment of Physical Cell ID.
Initial NRT Configuration Turn On/Off the initial neighbor setting.
RACH Optimization Turn On/Off the auto RACH setup. By setting this option On,
the RootSequenceIndex will be automatically assigned.
Detail Cell CellNum Cell Number
Information PCID Physical Cell ID, necessary input parameter
DIAntCount Dl Antena Count
UIAntCount Ul Antena Count
TAC Tracking Area Code
EAID Emergency Area ID
Latitude Latitude
longitude Longitude
RootSeqIdx Root Sequence Index, necessary input parameter.
HighSpeedFlag Select High Speed Flag.
Selecting True/false is allowed.
ZeroCorrectZone Enters ZeroCorrectZone.
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Grow and Degrow of NE(6/6)
Deleting an NE
By selecting Delete NE from the NE node pop-up menu of either Tree Viewer or
Map Viewer, you can delete an NE.

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Cell Management(1/2)
Grow and Degrow of Cell
There are two ways to open the Cell Management window.
Select Configuration Cell Management
Select the pop-up menu Cell Management from the NE node in the Tree Viewer or Map
Viewer.

When the Cell Management window is displayed, cells in the Cell Information
section are generally shown in two types:
Grown cells: They are shown in yellow.
Ungrown cells: They are shown in white.
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Cell Management(2/2)
Click the Apply button after entering all information for adding and deleting cells
in the Detail Cell Information section.
Then the progress bar is shown and cell growing and degrowing are performed.

Administrative State
Locked : Not in Service (Changing a cell parameter is allowed)
The lock icon is displayed on it.
Unlocked : In Service (Changing a cell parameter is not allowed)
There is no lock icon displayed on it.

Changing the Administrative State


Right-click a locked(unlocked) cell and then select Unlock(Lock) from the displayed
pop-up menu.

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Neighbor Function(1/7)
Neighbor Management
To open the Neighbor window select 'Configuration Neighbor'
Neighbor Information
The base stations which are and are not in the neighbor relationship with the
selected eNB
In the Neighbor eNB Info section at the top right of the screen,the eNBs which are in the
neighbor relationship with the selected eNB are displayed in the Neighbor eNodeB tab.
The eNBs which are not in the neighbor relationship with the selected eNB but can be, are
displayed in the Other eNodeB tab.
Detailed information on the cells of the eNB
If you select an eNB in the Neighbor eNB Info section, the cell information on the selected
eNB is displayed in the Cell Detail Info section at the center right of the screen.
Neighbor addition/change/deletion history
The Neighbor Operation History section at the top right of the screen

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Neighbor Function(2/7)

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Neighbor Function(3/7)
Adding a Neighbor
From the tree on the left side of the screen, double-click the eNB to which you
want add a neighbor.
In the Neighbor Relation Info section, select the tab corresponding to the network
(LTE, WCDMA, CDMA1X or CDMA2000) to which a neighbor will be added and then
click the [Add] button.
In the pop-up window, enter all the required parameters and click the [Add] button
on the window to perform the addition .
The updated results are displayed in the Neighbor Operation History section.

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Neighbor Function(4/7)
Neighbor Type Input Parameters
Source eNB, Source Cell, Target eNB, Target Cell
Intar/Inter LTE Neighbor IND_OFFSET, QOFFSET_CELL
IS_REMOVE_ALLOWED, IS_HOALLOWED
Source eNB, Source Cell, IND_OFFSET, QOFFSET_CELL, IS_REMOVE_
ALLOWED, IS_HOALLOWED, Remote eNB, Remote Cell
PHY_CELL_ID, TAC, EARFCN_UL, EARFCN_DL, BANDWIDTH_DL, BAN
Remote
DWIDTH_UL, ENB_MCC, ENB_MNC, ENB_TYPE, IP_VER, NO_X2, NO_
LTE Neighbor
HO, NBR_ENB_IPV4 or NBR_ENB_IPV6 (vary with selected IP_VER)
Neighbors will be added as a default value unless MCC0, MNC0 ~ MCC5,
MNC5 are inputted.
Source eNB, Source Cell, RNC_ID, IS_HOALLOWED,
IS_REMOVE_ALLOWED, LAC, DUPLEX_TYPE, RAC, ARFCN_UL, ARFC
WCDMA Neighbor N_DL, P_SCM_CODE, CELL_PARA_ID
Neighbors will be added as a default value unless MCC0, MNC0 ~ MCC5,
MNC5 are inputted.
Source eNB, Source Cell, S_ID, N_ID, BASE_ID, IS_HOALLOWED, IS_R
CDMA1XRTT Neighbor
EMOVE_ALLOWED, BAND_CLASS, ARFCN, PN_OFFSET
Source eNB, Source Cell, BSM_ID, BSC_ID, DPSS_ID, BTS_ID, SECTOR
CDMAHRPD Neighbor _ID, IS_HOALLOWED, IS_REMOVE_ALLOWED, BAND_CLASS, ARFCN,
PN_OFFSET, COLOR_CODE

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Neighbor Function(5/7)
Changing a Neighbor
In the Neighbor Relation Info section, if you select a neighbor, the [Change] button
above the table is enabled.
Click the enabled [Change] button. In the pop-up window, enter the parameters you
want to change and click the [Change] button on the window to perform the
change.
The updated results are displayed in the Neighbor Operation History section.

Deleting a Neighbor
In the Neighbor Relation Info section, if you select a neighbor, the [Delete] button
above the table is enabled.
Click the enabled [Delete] button. A warning pop-up window asking you to confirm
the deletion is displayed. Click the [OK] button on the pop-up window to perform
the deletion.
The updated results are displayed in the Neighbor Operation History section.

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Neighbor Function(6/7)
Import
Click the [File] button to find the import data from files on your computer.
The read contents are displayed in the table.
Modify the displayed content if needed and then select an operation radio button
from the operation commands at the top of the screen.
Check the relations for which the selected command will be executed against and
then click the [Apply] button to execute the command.

Export
Check the eNB in the tree on the left side of the screen for which you want to view
its neighbors and then click the [Inquiry] button at the top of the screen.
If you check both directions, each neighbor relation is evaluated in both directions.
The neighbor relations of the selected eNBs are displayed in the table.
You can save them as a file (.csv or .xls) on your computer by clicking the Save button.
When the neighbor relations are displayed as a table, you can modify some of the
content and apply the changed content to the server directly.
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Neighbor Function(7/7)

90/221
S/W Management(1/19)
Package Upgrade
Tree Viewer
Displays all NEs registered in the EMS as a tree structure.
You can select multiple NEs by checking the check box next to each NE.
The NEs on the tree can be displayed selectively per NE type and NE version.
When an NE is checked on the tree, the corresponding item on the package information
table is also checked.
NE Status Table
Provides the information on the current package version and the update package version of
each NE.
Clicking the button ( ) on the right side of the table displays the package/active
software/firmware information applied to each eNB.
If the information on both current package version and update package version exists, the
package status is displayed by giving priority to the update package version.
Download Information
Select the options among Command Type, Download Package Version, Mode, Execute Type
and Execute Scheduler, and then execute the command.
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S/W Management(2/19)

NE Status
Table

Tree
Viewer

Download
Information

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S/W Management(3/19)
Download Information items for package/software/firmware update.

Category Item Description


Command Type Download Downloads the package
Activation Activates the downloaded package
Download + Activation Downloads and activates the downloaded package

Download Package - Download package: Displays the information of the


package to be downloaded
- Clicking the button ( ) on the right side display
s the current package list information.
Mode AP_RESET Resets after the activation
REBOOT Reboots after the activation
Execute Type Immediate Executes command immediately
Schedule Executes using the schedule function
Execute Schedule - Sets the execution time to execute reservation

Estimated time - When the Apply button is clicked, the estimated ter
mination time of the function is displayed.
Elapsed time - Time on which job is completed

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S/W Management(4/19)
Procedure for upgrading package
Select an NE from the tree.
From the Download Information, select the Command Type.
From the Download Package, select a package.
From the Execute Type, select immediate if you want to execute the command
immediately.
If you select Schedule, the schedule function is enabled.
Then, enter the time to the right. The entered time should be at least 2 minutes later than
the current time.
When Download + Activation or Activation is selected for the Command Type,
select Mode.
Click the [Apply] button.
The value of the progress bar changes as the package upgrade proceeds.

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S/W Management(5/19)
SW Update
Tree Viewer: Displays all NEs registered in the EMS in a tree structure on the screen.
Software List: Displays the list of the software that can be downloaded for the NEs
selected from the Tree Viewer.
Download Software: Displays the list of current job targets added by selecting from
the Software List window.
Download Information: Select the Command Type, Execute Type, and Execute
Scheduler items and execute the command.

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S/W Management(6/19)

Software
List

Tree
Viewer Download
Software

Download
Information

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S/W Management(7/19)
Procedure for upgrading software
Select an NE from the tree.
From the Software List, click the Search button.
From the Software List, select the software to update.
From the Software List, click the Add button.
From the Download Software, check if a software list is displayed.
From the Download Information, select the Command Type.
If you want to execute the command immediately, select immediate from the
Execute Type.
If you select Schedule, the schedule function is enabled. Then, enter the time to the right.
The entered time should be at least 2 minutes later than the current time.
Click the Apply button.
The value of the progress bar is changed as the software update proceeds.

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S/W Management(8/19)
FW Update
Tree Viewer: Displays all NEs registered in the EMS in a tree structure on the screen.
Firmware List: Displays the list of firmware that can be downloaded corresponding
to the version selected from the version combo box.
Download Firmware: Displays the list of current job targets added by selecting from
the Firmware List window.
Control Information: Select the Command Type, Reboot, Execute Type, and Execute
Scheduler items and execute the command.

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S/W Management(9/19)

Firmware
List

Tree
Viewer Download
Firmware

Download
Information

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S/W Management(10/19)
Procedure for upgrading firmware
Select an NE from the tree.
Click the [Search] button on the Firmware List panel.
Select the firmware you want to update from the Firmware List.
Click the [Add] button on the Firmware List panel.
Check whether the firmware list is displayed on the Download Firmware panel.
From the Download Firmware, select the Board & Side information. (This setting
is not required for downloading.)
From the Control Information, select Command Type.
If you want to execute the command immediately, select immediate from the
Execute Type.
If you select Schedule, the schedule function is enabled. Then, enter the time to the right.
The entered time should be at least 2 minutes later than the current time.
Click the Apply button.
The value of the progress bar changes as the FW update proceeds.

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S/W Management(11/19)
History Function
Tree Viewer: Displays all NEs registered in the EMS in a tree structure on the screen.
Search Conditions: Sets the conditions for viewing the history.
Command History: Displays the search results.
The information in the table shows the commands executed for the EMS.
Double-clicking the table displays the command results per NE on the Detail Information.
Clicking the Detail Info ( ) button performs the same function as above.
Detail Information: Clicking the Command History displays the command execution
results per NE.
Views the past command history
Select conditions from the Condition window.
Click the Search button on the Condition window.
Check if search result is displayed on the Command History.
On the Command History, click a value on the table.
Check if the detail information is displayed on the Detail Information window.
Clicking the Detail icon on the Command History displays the same result.
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S/W Management(12/19)

Parameters Description
Type Viewing history filtering
- All
- Package
- Software
- Firmware
Command Type Viewing history filtering
- All
- Download + Activation
- Download
- Activation
Execute Type Viewing history filtering
- All
- Immediate: Job executed immediately
- Schedule: Scheduled job
Status Viewing history filtering
- All
- Running: Job in progress
- Complete: Completed job
- Cancel: Cancelled job

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S/W Management(13/19)

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S/W Management(14/19)
Schedule Function
Tree Viewer: Displays all NEs registered in the EMS in a tree structure on the screen.
Condition: Sets the conditions for searching the schedule.
Reserved List: Displays the results for searching. Displays the command executed for
the EMS on the table. Clicking the Detail Info button of each table displays the
details on the Detail Information.
Detail Information: Clicking the Detail Info of the Reserved List displays the details.

Parameters Description
Type Viewing history filtering
- All
- Package
- Software
- Firmware
Command Type Viewing history filtering
- All
- Download + Activation
- Download
- Activation

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S/W Management(15/19)
Views a scheduled job
Select search conditions from the Condition window.
Click the Search button on the Condition window.
Check if the schedule information saved in the Reserved List is displayed.
Click the Detail icon of the Reserved List and then check whether the detailed
information is displayed on the Detail Information.
If you want to delete the schedule whose search conditions are saved, select the
schedule registered in the Reserved List and then click the [Delete] button.

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S/W Management(16/19)

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S/W Management(17/19)
Verify
Tree Viewer: Displays all NEs registered in the EMS in a tree structure on the screen.
Verify Condition: Sets the conditions for executing the verification.
Verify Info Table: Displays the list of NEs for which the verification is executed.
It provides the Compare button that allows the results and the detailed information
to be displayed. If you click the Compare button of an NE, you can view the
detailed information for the NE.

Parameters Description
Package Verify package version
Type Verify Type
- Software
- Firmware
Unit Select when executing the verification for a firmware
- PRC
- RU
- RRH
- ECM
- GPSR
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S/W Management(18/19)
Compares package/firmware between the LSM and NE
Select an NE to be performed from the tree.
Click the [Add] button on the [Verify Condition].
Select the package version and type you want to compare on the [Verify Condition].
Click the [Verify] button on the [Verify Condition].
Click the [Compare] button to view the detailed comparison results for each file.

Background Color Description


White Normal (Images are the same.)
Red A file exists in both the LSM and NE, but has different content
Yellow A file exists in either the LSM or NE

Save: Saves the information on the comparing result table into an excel file.
Update: For red or yellow (when existing in the LSM only), if you select the
checkbox on the left and click the [Update] button, the update list is displayed on
the Software/Firmware Update tab.
However, if updating software/firmware is being executed, it is unavailable.
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S/W Management(19/19)

LSM eNB

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Data Synchronization Function(1/9)
Executing Data Synchronization
Select the Configuration Management Data Synchronization menu on the LSM
main window.
Open the Data Synchronization window.
When the Data Audit window is executed, the data version of LSM for all eNBs
registered on the tree is displayed on the data version on the right panel.

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Data Synchronization Function(2/9)
Tree Viewer: All NEs registered in the EMS are displayed in the tree structure on the
screen.
Synchronize Data: After viewing the eNB data versions of NE and LSM registered in
the EMS, the operator determines whether to synchronize the data.
Network Group: Name of the network group to which an eNB belongs
eNB Name: Name of the eNB that the operator registered when growing
eNB ID: Unique ID of an independent eNB
eNB Data Version: eNB data version checked with cdd in an eNB
LSM Data Version: Data version managed by the LSM DB
Scheduler: The An operator can register the periodical data synchronization routines
in the EMS into the scheduler to avoid the manual synchronization.
The data synchronization information registered in the scheduler is displayed.

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Data Synchronization Function(3/9)
Viewing Data Synchronization
Select an option (type, version, or type and version) from the NE Type and NE
Version combo boxes at the top of the Tree view.
If you select a type or version, the eNBs that meet the conditions are retrieved from
the LSM and displayed in the Synchronize Data section on the right side of the
screen.

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Data Synchronization Function(4/9)
Step 1) Select the NE search conditions.
NE Type: Select the type of eNBs.
NE Version: Select the version of eNBs.
If you select an NE type and NE version, the eNBs that meet the conditions are displayed. If
you leave them unselected, all eNBs are displayed.
Step 2) Only the eNBs that meet the conditions selected in step 1 are displayed in
the tree.
Step 3) The eNB information and data version information selected in step 2 are
displayed.

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Data Synchronization Function(5/9)
Data Synchronization Function
From the Tree viewer, select an eNB to perform data synchronization

When an eNB is selected from the tree, the corresponding eNB information is
selected in the Synchronize Data section.

Click the [Execute] button.


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Data Synchronization Function(6/9)
Viewing Schedulers
Select the Configuration Management menu on the LSM main window.
The Data Synchronization window is displayed.
Select the Scheduler tab in the Data Audit section.
The registered schedulers are displayed.

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Data Synchronization Function(7/9)
ID: The ID registered to the scheduler
StartDate: The data and time at which the first data synchronization will be
performed
EndDate: The data and time at which data synchronization will end
Period: The period with which data synchronization is performed (days, weeks,
months)
Network Group: Network group information
eNB Name: The eNB name specified by the operator during the grow procedure
Registration Date

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Data Synchronization Function(8/9)
Adding a Scheduler
Select the Configuration Management menu on the LSM main window.
The Data Synchronization window is displayed.
The tree information and the eNBs data version information are displayed as shown
in the figure below:
Select the eNB you want to add to the schedule from the tree.
Select Add Scheduler in the Sync Data view.

Enter a value in the Start Date, End Date, and Period items.

Enter the period.


Select days, weeks, or months for the schedulers period.

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Data Synchronization Function(9/9)
Deleting a Scheduler
Select the Configuration Management menu on the LSM main window.
The Data Synchronization window is displayed.
If you select the Scheduler tab, the registered schedulers are displayed.
Select the scheduler you want to delete.
Click the [Delete] button to delete the selected scheduler.

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DHCP(1/5)
Viewing the DHCP Subnet and Static IP Addresses
Select the Configuration Management menu on the LSM main window.
Select DHCP Window.
Click the [Get] button at the bottom right of the DHCP Configuration window.
The IP and subnet addresses allocated to each port of the NE are displayed. If you
select a row in the Subnet Entry Table, the information of the selected row is
reflected to the DHCP Subnet Configuration section.
If the version of the DHCP static IP address is IPv6, the IPv6 checkbox is shown as
checked. If the version is IPv4, it is shown unchecked.

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DHCP(2/5)

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DHCP(3/5)
Adding a Subnet
Select the Configuration Management menu on the LSM main window.
Select DHCP Window.
Enter the LSM IP address in the LSM IP field of the DHCP Configuration window.
Enter the subnet IP address in the Network field.
Enter the netmask address in the Netmask field.
Enter the gateway address in the Gateway field.
Click the [Add Subnet] button and then click Yes in the Confirm dialog box.
The added subnet information is displayed in the Subnet Entry Table.

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DHCP(4/5)
Deleting a Subnet
Select the Configuration Management menu on the LSM main window.
Select DHCP Window.
Enter the subnet IP address in the Network field.
Click the [Del Subnet] button and then click Yes in the Confirm dialog box.
The Subnet Delete OK dialog box is displayed.
The subnet information is removed from the Subnet Entry Table.

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DHCP(5/5)
Netmask Bit Setting Combo Box
Select the Configuration Management menu on the LSM main window.
Select DHCP Window.
If you select a count of mask bit from the Netmask Bit setting combo box, it is
reflected in the netmask.

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SON Option(1/5)
SON Option Window
Select the Configuration Management menu on the LSM main window.
If you select the SON OPTION menu, the SON Option window is displayed.
The Option information is displayed in the SON Option window.
Of the Option information items, the LSM.NRT, LSM.PCID, and LSM.RACH
information belongs to the SON option information managed by the LSM.
The eNB.Anr, eNB.Pcid, eNB.MR, and eNB.Rach, eNB.ES information items belongs to
the SON option information of the eNB .

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SON Option(2/5)
Tree Viewer: All NEs registered in the EMS are displayed in the tree structure on the
screen.
SON Option: The SON option information on the registered eNBs is displayed.
eNB Name: The eNB name registered by the operator during the grow procedure for the
eNB
LSM.NRT: Whether to create the initial neighbor information when growing is performed
LSM.PCID: Whether to allocate the physical cell ID automatically when growing is performed
LSM.RACH: Whether to allocate the RootSequenceIndex automatically when growing is
performed
eNB.Anr: Whether the ANR is enabled in the eNB
eNB.Pcid: Whether the PCID is enabled in the eNB
eNB.ES: Whether the energy savings function is enabled in the eNB
eNB.MR: Whether the mobility robustness function is enabled in the eNB
eNB.Rach: Whether the Rach Optimize function is enabled in the eNB
Button: Views the newly changed SON option information or applies the changed
SON option information to the eNBs and the LSM .
Search : Views the newly changed SON option information
Execute: Change SON option information 125/221
SON Option(3/5)
Viewing the SON Options
Select the type and version you want to view from the NE Type and NE Version
combo boxes at the top of the tree view.
The NE and SON option information that meets the conditions are displayed
When you want to refresh the Son option information without changing the
conditions in the NE Type and NE Version combo boxes at the top of the tree
viewer, click the Search button on the bottom of the table.

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SON Option(4/5)
Changing a SON Option
From the tree viewer, select the eNB for which you want to change the SON
options.
Change the SON Option information on the selected eNB.
When you finish changing the options, click the [Execute] button at the bottom.
When the changed SON options are applied to the LSM DB and eNB, the OK
message is displayed in the Result field.
If the application fails, the reason for the failure is displayed in the Result field.

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SON Option(5/5)
Changing SON Options in Batch
From the tree view, select the eNB for which you want to change the SON options.
Double-click on the column header of the table that corresponds to the SON
options you want to change. A pop-up window allowing you to change the SON
options is displayed.
Set a new value and then click the [OK] button in the pop-up window.
The selected SON options of the eNB are changed in batch.
When you finish changing the options, click the [Execute] button to apply the
changes.

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System Backup(1/7)
System Backup Window
Tree Viewer: The tree information pane used for the system backup.
Backup: The tab used to schedule a periodic backup.
Restore: The tab used to restore a backup file into the eNB.
History: The tab used to view the backup/restore history.

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System Backup(2/7)
System Backup by the Operator
The operator can back up the information of eNB systems, if needed.
The backup files are saved in the /log/bak/pldl/enb_id directory of the server.
Each backup file is named as ENB + enb_id + yyyyMMdd + _ + HHmmss +
.backup.db.tar.gz.
In the Backup tab, select immediately as the type.

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System Backup(3/7)
Adding a Scheduler for Periodic System Backup
The operator can register a scheduler for periodic system backup to back up eNB
systems periodically.
In the Tree Viewer of the System Backup window, the operator selects the NEs to be
registered to the scheduler and checks the checkbox next to each item.
In the Backup tab, select Scheduler as the type and set Daily, Weekly, or Monthly
from the Interval combo box.
For the backup start date and time, you can set the hour and minute if Daily is
selected; the day of the day, hour and minute if Weekly is selected; the date, hour
and minute if Monthly is selected.

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System Backup(4/7)
Deleting a Scheduler for Periodic System Backup
The operator can delete the scheduler information for periodic system backups that
are no longer required.
Click the Delete button to delete the selected scheduler.

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System Backup(5/7)
System Restore
For the tree, select the eNB to which you want to restore the system backup
information and select the checkbox next to it.
The information on the selected eNB is displayed in the Restore tab on the right
side of the window.
If you click the File button at the center of the eNB information, the pop-up
window for selecting a backup file is displayed.
Select a backup file to be restored on the window and then double-click on it, or
click the OK button.
The file name and size of the selected file are displayed in the File Name and File
Size fields.
Click the [Execute] button on the right side of the window.
The results of the system restore operation are displayed in the Result and Reason
fields.

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System Backup(6/7)

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System Backup(7/7)
Viewing the System Backup History
From the Tree Viewer, select the eNB to view its history and select the checkbox
next to it.
Select the search conditions.
Type: Select Backup or Restore.
Result: Select whether to search the result of the backup and restore operations using the
Success and Failed checkboxes.
Period: Select the period for the backup and restore. The period can be set to a maximum
of one hour.

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Fault Management

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Event Viewer(1/3)
Event Viewer

Parameter Description
Location location of an event
Probable Cause possible cause of an event
Time time of event occurrence

Event Viewer Filter


The Event Viewer supports filtering specific events.
Click the Condition button Select the conditions

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Event Viewer(2/3)
Event Pause/Receiving
If you click the Play button on the top of the Event Viewer, the Play button is
changed to the Pause button. Then, events are no longer displayed.
When you click on the Pause button again, it will be changed back to a Play button
and all the events during the pause will be displayed.

Deleting the Displayed Events


If you click the Clear button on the top of the Event Viewer, the events currently
displayed on the Event Viewer are deleted. However, the history saved in the
database will not be deleted.

Saving Events
If you click the Save button on the top of the Event Viewer, the events currently
displayed on the Event Viewer are saved in an Excel file.

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Event Viewer(3/3)
Detailed Event Information
If you double-click a detailed event on the Event Viewer, the detailed information of
the event is displayed on the popup window.

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Searching the Alarm History(1/4)
Fault > Event History

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Searching the Alarm History(2/4)
Parameter Description
Severity Indicates an event grade.
- Critical: critical fault
- Major: major fault
- Minor: minor fault
- Warning: fault information
- Indeterminate: fault whose severity is not defined
- Status: general information
Code alarm code
Group The types of the event group are as follows:
- Communication: communication process/procedure
- Processing: software/processing procedure
- Environmental: external equipment environment
- QoS: degradation of service quality
- Equipment: fault in equipment
- etc.: others except for faults Fault & Status
Location location of an event
Probable Cause possible cause of an event
Alarm Time time of event occurrence
Clear Time time of alarm clearance
Clear Type clear type of the fault clearing Auto/Manual
Ack User Information of the user who performed Alarm Ack
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Searching the Alarm History(3/4)
Searching the Alarm History
From the tree view of the main window, select a NE. The selected NE is displayed in
the Target field of the window. When selecting All, all the system faults including
the EMS faults will be searched. To only search the EMS occurrence faults, select the
EMS button.
The Event Type includes Alarm, Status and Fault. If you select Alarm, you can
specify the Severity, Group, Ack, Clear and Code for searching. If you select
Status/Fault, the values for Severity, Group, Ack, Clear and Code are not
applied.
Click the [Search] button.
Check if the fault information for selected conditions is displayed on the Result
table.
Click the [Save] button to save the result.

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Searching the Alarm History(4/4)
Enable/Disable the Fault Acknowledgement
From the Result table, select the fault where Ack will be enabled.
Click the [Ack] button.
From the No. column of the Result table, check if it is normally enabled for the
selected fault information.
If you want to disable the Ack, select a fault from the Result table and click the
[Unack] button.

Clearing a Fault
From the Result table, select the fault to be cleared.
Click the [Clear] button.
Check the background color of the Severity column and Clear Time column to see if
the selected fault information is successfully cleared.

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Current Alarm(1/4)
Fault > Current Alarm

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Current Alarm(2/4)

Parameter Description

Severity Indicates an event grade.

Code alarm code

Group event group where the event belongs

Location location of an event

Probable Cause possible cause of an event

Alarm Time time of event occurrence

Clear Time time of alarm clearance

Clear Type clear type of the fault clearing Auto/Manual

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Current Alarm(3/4)
Viewing the Current Alarms
From Fault on the menu, select Current Alarm to display the uncleared alarms on
the table.
When a fault occurs, it is reflected on the table. When an alarm is cleared, the
background color of the Severity column and the Clear Time column of the alarm
are updated.
If you click the No., Severity, Group or Alarm Time column header on the table,
the information on the table is sorted accordingly.
You can set a filter for the faults to be displayed on the screen by clicking the icon.
If you click the [Refresh] button, only the uncleared information is displayed on the
table again.
If you click the [Pause] button, the button changes to Resume, and newly occurring
faults are not displayed on the table. If you click the [Pause] button again, the faults
not displayed during the pause are displayed again.
Click the Print icon to print the result.
Click the Save icon to save the result table in an EXCEL or CSV file. 146/221
Current Alarm(4/4)
Changing the Current Alarms
On the table, you can select the specific fault information, or select or clear the
entire alarms by selecting the checkbox and clicking the Ack/Unack or [Clear]
button.
Upon selecting Ack, the background color of the No. column is changed to gray.
If you select Unack for the alarm where Ack was executed, it returns to the pre-Ack
status.
Upon selecting Clear, the background color of the Severity column is changed to
green, and the value of the Clear Time column is updated.
Viewing the Detailed Fault Information
double-click the data on the Current Alarm
Select the Show Details on the popup menu

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Fault Statistics(1/2)
Fault > Alarm Statistics

Parameter Description
Target Value of the command execution target.
Series Used to select the series of a graph. Severity/Code
Item Used to select the value for the X axis of a graph. Time/Location
If a value is selected from Location, you cannot select the summ
ary by time slot on the Time Type field.
Time Type Used to select the time for statistics.
Hourly, Daily, Monthly, Hourly Sum., Daily Sum., Monthly Sum.
Group Used to select a fault group.
Period Used to select the time period for searching.
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Fault Statistics(2/2)
Searching the Fault Statistics
The selected NE is displayed in the Target field of the window. If you select All, the
fault statistics of the LSM and all the other systems are displayed. To search only
the faults of the LSM, select the EMS alarm only button.
You can select a specific group from the Group field to search its information.
On the Series field, you can select the item corresponding to the series of a result
graph.
On the Item field, you can select the item corresponding to the X-axis of a result
graph.
On the Time Type field, you can specify the type of statistics time, and the initial
value of the Period field is changed accordingly.
Click the [Search] button.

Click the [Print] button to print the result.


Click the [Save] button to save the result table in an Excel file and the result graph
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Audible Alarm(1/3)
Fault > Audible Alarm

Parameter Description
Mute This is to set On/Off the entire audible sound.
Repeat Used to specify the number of plays of the audible alarm.
If unchecked, it is played only once.
No Interception If it is marked, the audible sound that occurred first will be played all the way throug
h even if another audible sound is generated and then the next sound is played.
Grade This field is to select the level of audible sound generated. Critical/Major/Minor
Policy This is to select a policy to generate the audible sound. Representative Alarm/ Final
Alarm
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Audible Alarm(2/3)
Setting the Audible Alarm-By Grade
If you select Audible Alarm from the Fault on the menu, the Audible Alarm
popup window is displayed
Select or deselect Mute.
Select By Grade.
Using the [Repeat] button, specify whether to allow repetition and the repetition
count.
Select or deselect No Interception.
From the Grade, select the grade where the audible alarm will be generated.
From the Policy, select the policy for the audible alarm generation.
Using the [Set] button, finish the settings.
Using the [Pause] button, you can stop the audible alarm which is currently being
generated.

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Audible Alarm(3/3)
Setting the Audible Alarm-By Alarm Code
If you select Audible Alarm from the Fault on the menu, the Audible Alarm setup
window is displayed
Select or deselect Mute.
Click the By Alarm Code.
Using the [Repeat] button, specify whether to allow repetition and the repetition
count.
Specify the sound source per alarm code.
Select a fault code by clicking the [Add] button. You can specify the sound source
by clicking the [Browse] button on the far right side of the fault code. If you click
the [Set] button, both fault code and sound source information are saved.
Using the [Set] button, finish the settings.
Using the [Pause] button, you can stop the audible alarm which is currently being
generated.

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Visible Alarm(1/5)
Fault > Visible Alarm

Parameter Description
OFF This is to set On/Off for the entire visible alarm.
By Grade Used to specify whether to enable this function per grade
when filtering the visible alarms.
By Alarm Code Used to specify whether to enable this function per alarm
code when filtering the visible alarms.
Grade This field is to select the level of audible sound generated.
Critical/Major/Minor
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Visible Alarm(2/5)
Setting the Visible Alarm-By Grade
Deselect Off.
If you select By Grade, you can specify the grade.
Specify the grade of the alarms to be received as a visible alarm:
Critical/Major/Minor.
Click [Set] to apply the settings.
When a fault is generated, the Visible Alarm window is displayed automatically if it
not displayed already.

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Visible Alarm(3/5)
Clearing the Visible Alarm
Select Off.
Click the [Set] button.
Then, the visible alarm is not displayed even when the pre-defined alarm is generated.

Automatic Start of a Visible Alarm


When the Visible Alarm is set to ON, the following information is displayed
automatically according to the specified conditions when the conditions (of grade or
alarm code) are satisfied.
Even when the screen is closed, this screen is displayed again automatically if the
alarm meeting the conditions is generated.

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Visible Alarm(4/5)
Visible Alarm Setting-By Alarm Code
Deselect Off.
By selecting By Alarm Code, you can specify the alarm code.
By clicking the button, you can add an alarm code.
On the alarm code search screen, select an NE type.
Select the version of the selected NE type.
Select an event type.
Click Search to display the alarm code information of the selected NE type.
Select the alarm code to be displayed as a visible alarm (by checking a check-box),
and click the [Add] button.
If you click the [Add] button, the code selection window disappears.
From the Visible Alarm setting window, click the [Set] button.

If an alarm satisfying the specified conditions occurs, it pops up automatically.

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Visible Alarm(5/5)

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Performance Management

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Performance Statistics(1/5)
Performance > Performance Statistics

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Performance Statistics(2/5)
Viewing Statistics Data
Select an NE tree in the system selection area.
Search statistics following the order: category > group > item.
If you want to search only certain LLOC (Logical Location Information, for examples,
cell number, QCI, etc) in the parameter area, enter or select a value. Select nothing
if you want to search the entire items.
Set the Event Type to 5MIN, HOURLY, DAILY, or MONTHLY in the condition area.
Set the date in the Period field using the Up and Down arrows or the calendar.
You can also automatically set it using the [1Hour] button.
Click the [Search] button to search the results. When search is complete, the results
are displayed on the right.

TYPE Description
enum In the case of enum, the combo list automatically appears
once the mouse is clicked.
Ipv4 Enter the IPV4 type.
enbID Enter the ID of the eNB.
String Enter a string type for other data.
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Performance Statistics(3/5)
Statistic Search Filtering Output
When the filter is selected, the filter setting window appears as above.
Deselect a check box you do not want to display on the screen.
Click the [Apply] button to close the window.
If you click the [Cancel] button, the items excluded through the filter will not be
displayed.

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Performance Statistics(4/5)
Viewing Statistics Chart
Click the Graph button in the statistic search results window to display the statistics
window

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Performance Statistics(5/5)
Creating Statistics Charts
Click the Graph icon in the Result view window.
Select the Location/Statistics Peg of the data you want to compare in the creating chart.
(This example uses the Location.)
Select items you want to show in the chart. Up to 20 items can be added into a chart, and
up to five charts can be created.
Set whether or not to include items into one chart.
When you click the [Apply] button, the results are displayed on the right pane.
Disabling the Graph Overlay
The Graph Overlay option is enabled by default.

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Collection Result(1/2)
Performance > Collection Result

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Collection Result(2/2)
Searching the Results of Statistics Collection
Select an NE tree in the system selection area.
Select 5MIN for the Event Type in the search condition area.
Select SUCCESS or FAIL for Result in the search condition area.
Set the date in the Period field using the Up and Down arrows or the calendar.
You can also automatically set it using the [1Hour] button.
Click the [Search] button to search the results. When search is complete, the results
are displayed on the right.

Description of Result View Items


Button Description
Statistics Type 5MIN: Data collected for five minutes
Time Time when the system actually started the collection
Result The final results of the collection
Failure Number of attempts to collect data again. If the maximum time to collect is
one hour, the number of attempts is not limited within this period.
Collected Filename collected from the system
Filename
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PI Management(1/9)
Performance > PI Monitoring > PI Management
PI Management designates a certain data value as a threshold, manages it, and
alerts the user by setting the alarm based on the threshold.

System selection
area

PI search result
area

PI item selection
area

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PI Management(2/9)
PI Search
Select whether or not to search by Ne or Ne type in the system selection area using
the tab menu.
When you select the system or system type in the NE Type or NE list and then click
the [Search] button, the result shows threshold data within the selected range.
If you want to search for only part of PI items, select the PI item or group and then
click the [Search] button to search within the selected range.

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PI Management(3/9)
PI Registration : Click the [Register] button on the PI view window

System selection PI item selection PI selection area Threshold input area


area area

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PI Management(4/9)

Item Description
System selection The range defined in the system selection area at the bottom depends
on the system type/system of the tab menu at the top.
- System type: Displays items by NE type
- System: Displays all NE lists
Selecting Statistic Selects the statistic group the desired PI belongs to.
Items
PI Statistic items that belong to the selected statistic group are displayed
.
Threshold setting Threshold setting area
Direction Selects the direction for threshold range.
- UP: Alarms are activated when the threshold exceeds.
- DOWN: Alarms are activated when the threshold does not exceed.
Threshold Thresholds are entered here.
For the up direction, the order goes Critical > Major > Minor.
For the down direction, the order goes Critical < Major < Minor.
Registration A button that is used to register the set threshold value.

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PI Management(5/9)
PI Registration
Click the system type or system tab you want to register.
Select the system type or system in the system area.
In the statistic items, select the statistic type you want to register.
Select the PI that belongs to the statistic group.
Select either up or down as the threshold value direction.
Enter the Critical/Major/Minor value.
Click the [Register] button to apply it.
When the registration is complete, the Confirm dialog appears as shown below.
The same dialog is used for the change and delete operations.
After the registration is complete, statistics are collected and the grade is defined to
automatically implement the occurrence/restoration of alarms and to display the
alarms in the event viewer (see Fault).

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PI Management(6/9)

Item Description
Target search The NE name registered
Operation Commands used at registration. Commands that already exist in the
database are updated, and new commands are automatically processe
d through registration.
- Registration: New registration
- Update: Changed registration
- Delete: Deleted registration
Start Time Start time for registration
End Time End time for registration
State - Ready: Preparing registration
- Processing: Processing registration
- Completed: Complete
Result Displays results
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PI Management(7/9)
PI Modification
Registered PI values can be modified by selecting the item in the search result area
of the PI Management window and clicking the [Modify] button.

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PI Management(8/9)
PI Modification Procedures
Modify the values of items you want to change in the search result window of the
PI view window.
Once you change the values, they turn into red, and the check boxes on the left are
selected.
When modification is complete, click the [Modify] button.
When the modified registration is complete, a result window appears.
After the modified registration is complete, statistics are collected and the grade is
defined to automatically implement the occurrence/restoration of alarms and to
display the alarms in the event viewer (see Fault).

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PI Management(9/9)
PI Deletion
Registered PI values can be deleted by selecting the item in the search result area
of the PI Management window and the clicking the [Delete] button.

PI Deletion Procedures
Select the check box of the item you want to delete in the PI view window.
After all items are selected, click the [Delete] button.
Once the deletion is completed, a fault grade is not defined even after statistics are
collected. Currently occurring alarms are all cleared automatically.
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PI Monitoring(1/3)
PI Monitoring
The PI Monitoring menu monitors all registered PI in real time.
To use this menu, PI should be registered in advance by referring to the PI
Management section.
Performance > PI Monitoring

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PI Monitoring(2/3)
When the statistics collection for PI is complete, the PI status is automatically
refreshed in the PI Monitoring window, and the highest grades for statistic items are
calculated and displayed.
When you click each item, its fault list is displayed on the right.
When an error occurs in the fault occurrence status, click the [Refresh] button to
display the latest status.

Item Description
When you select PI on the left, the Critical value set is displayed.
When you select PI on the left, the Major value set is displayed.
When you select PI on the left, the Minor value set is displayed.
The graph of the selected LLOC is displayed and used for monitoring.
Refreshes the window.

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PI Monitoring(3/3)
PI Trend Graph
When you click a certain PI item in the PI Monitoring window, its location
information appears on the right. The trend graph is shown by double-clicking the
location or using the Graph button.
There are five-minute trend and 60-minute trend graphs.

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Trace Manager(1/8)
Call Trace Window
Performance > Call Trace
The Trace List window is used to retrieve/register/delete the trace commands from a
NE, and support real-time monitoring at the EMS.

Menu

Trace Function

Trace List

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Trace Manager(2/8)
Call Trace List Management
Selecting a Target
Click the combo box on the target field on the top of the list window
Select the NE which is the target of the trace command.

Retrieving a Trace List


Click the [Retrieve] button on the list window
The LSM searches the trace list currently registered with the target NE, and displays the
result.

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Trace Manager(3/8)
Items Displayed on the Trace List
Item Description
: Trace monitoring is paused.
Status
: Trace monitoring is running.
Information on layers managed by LSM (Lev
Location
el2/Level3)
Trace Key The key value to save and search a trace
Reference Trace ID managed by the NE
List of interface Definition of a trace section
Depth Trace level
TCA address The section where the trace will be sent

Functional Icons on the Trace List Window


Button Description
Register a trace
Start a trace. If a trace list is not selected, it is disabled
Delete a trace
Retrieve a trace

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Trace Manager(4/8)
Registering a Call Trace
Select the Target.
Select the Register button.
Select the NE and trace type.

Depth Description
Ci_minimum Recording of some IEs in the signaling messages plus any ve
ndor specific extensions to this definition, in decoded format.
Ci_medium Recording of some IEs in the signaling messages together wit
h the radio measurement IEs plus any vendor specific extensi
ons to this definition, in decoded format.
Ci_Maximum Recording entire signaling messages plus any vendor specific
extensions to this definition, in encoded format.
Ci_woVendorSpecificMinimum Recording of some IEs in the signaling messages in decoded f
ormat.
Ci_woVendorSpecificMedium Recording of some IEs in the signaling messages together wit
h the radio measurement IEs in decoded format.
Ci_woVendorSpecificMaximum Recording entire signaling messages in encoded format.

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Trace Manager(5/8)
Deleting a Call Trace
Select a trace to delete from the trace list.
On the Trace List window, click the [Delete] button.
Click the [Delete] button, then a deletion confirmation window is displayed.
If you click Yes, the trace list deletion command is sent to the NE, and the trace is
deleted from the NE if successful.

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Trace Manager(6/8)
Monitoring a Call Trace
Start of Trace Monitoring
Select an item to monitor from the displayed trace list window.
Clicking the item enables the Start button, and if you click the Start button,
a trace monitoring window is displayed.

Trace Chart

Trace Data Details

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Trace Manager(7/8)
Call type trace monitoring
If the trace type is CALL, the following screen is displayed. The data monitoring function
allows a client to poll the data saved in the server file periodically (every second) and
displays them on the screen.
If you want to view the details of a specific message, click the Pause button to stop polling
temporarily and click the message.

Call Trace Chart

Trace Data Detail Data

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Trace Manager(8/8)
Viewing a Call Trace History
Searching a Trace History
The trace history search function can display up to 10,000 messages from the data saved in
the server.
Enter the Cell Number (IMSI) to search.
Specify the period on the Period field.
Select the NE suitable for the search conditions.
Clicking the [Search] button displays the data which satisfies the conditions.

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General Management

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Network Monitoring(1/2)
Network Monitoring
Periodically monitor the network lines by using a Ping Test
Monitors the agent status by using a Hello Message.

Searching Network Status


Select a target from the Target field in the setting table.
(You can select the target from tree view or by entering the IP address.)
Use the [Get] button to search network status in real time.
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Network Monitoring(2/2)

Item Description
No Sequence Number
NE Type NE Type
Location Network Hierarchical information
Master IP Active IP among redundant IPs of NE
Vice IP Secondary IPs of NE
Ping status Ping status via ICMP
Snmp status SNMP status

Interval
The server checks the network status periodically.
Use the [Get] button to search the checking period.
The time is displayed in seconds, and you can choose from 10 to 999.

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Process Management(1/3)
General > Surveillance > Process
The status information of the processes being operated in the EMS server.
Stop or restart the process.
The status of the process that should be operated in the server is abnormal.
When a process is stopped abnormally, it will repeat the process automatically.

Stopping the Process

Searching the Process Status Changing the Process Log Level

Restarting the Process


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Process Management(2/3)
Searching the Process Status
Item Description
Name Process name
Status Process status: Running, Stop
Start time Start time if the process is running
Restart count The number of times to run the process
Process ID ID of the process, if the process is running
CPU CPU usages that the process used
Memory Used/Total Memory usages of the process
Threads Thread count of the process
DB Connections Used/ DB Connection count of the process
Total
Log level Level for archiving a log of the process

The types of process log levels


Config > Info > Warning > Severe > OFF
Higher log level includes more log details.

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Process Management(3/3)
The types of processes
Launcher: Runs each process. It also monitors process status and re-starts the
process if it does not work properly.
us: Controls logins and delivers events of the server being operated to the client.
us.snmp : Responsibility for SNMP process interworking with OSS.
mf : Block that performs main management function from LSM Backend Module.
Responsibility for saving the failure, handling the command, and parsing and
distributing the response message.
mf.dbld: Manages fault information occurring in NE.
mf.gm: Monitors the status of NE and resources of the server.
mf.init : Responsibility for authentication function during initial loading of eNB
mf.oss : Responsibility for Single Sign On feature
mf.pm : Responsibility for statistics collection
mf.trm : Responsibility for Trace, CSL collection
ni.snmp: Communicates with the equipment supporting the SNMP protocol.
ni.ftp: Collects statistics files from the eNB. 191/221
Server Status(1/11)
Server Status
Monitors the resources (CPU, File System, Memory, Database) of the EMS server.
It provides the function to set the threshold for generating alarms and the function
to set the monitoring period of the EMS server.

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Server Status(2/11)
CPU
Click the menu, and the followings are displayed in the result table.
Threshold to issue the CPU status alarm
Searching period for the CPU status
CPUs current status
Item Description
Resource IDof CPU
Usage (%) Current utilization of the CPU
User (%) Utilization by the user process
System (%) Utilization by the system process
Wait IO (%) Utilization that waits for IO
Idle (%) Inactivity rate of the CPU

Searching the CPU threshold


Click the [Get] button, up-to-date information on the designated threshold is refreshed and
displayed.

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Server Status(3/11)
Setting the CPU Threshold
Users can set the desired threshold in the threshold setting table.

Current CPU Status


When you click the Average of the current CPU status, details for each CPU ID are
displayed.

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Server Status(4/11)
Memory
Memory is used to search memory usage rates of the EMS server and to set
thresholds.
Memory usage rate is the usage rate of the whole memory.
If the memory usage rate of the EMS server exceeds a certain value, the threshold
function issues an alarm.

Searching the Memory Usage Rate


Threshold to issue a memory status alarm
Memory status searching period
Current memory status

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Server Status(5/11)
Searching the Memory Threshold
Click the menu to automatically search the threshold and display in the table.
Click the [Get] button, up-to-date information on the designated threshold is refreshed and
displayed.

Setting the Memory Threshold


Users can set the desired threshold in the threshold setting table.

Item Description
Resource Types of memory
Current status (%) Current memory usage rate
Total size (Mbytes) The entire memory size is listed in Mbytes.
Used size (Mbytes) The size of the memory in use is listed in Mbytes.
Free size (Mbytes) The size of remaining memory is listed in Mbytes.

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Server Status(6/11)
File System
Search the file system usage rate of the EMS service and can set the threshold
value.

Searching the Usage Rate of the File System


Threshold to issue the file system status alarm
File system status searching period
Current Status of the file system
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Server Status(7/11)
Searching the Threshold Value of the File System
Click the menu to automatically search the threshold and display in the table.
Click the [Get] button, up-to-date information on the designated threshold is refreshed and
displayed.

Setting the Threshold Value of the File System


Users can set the desired threshold in the threshold setting table.

Item Description
Resource Types of the file system
Current status (%) Current usage rate of the file system
Total size (Mbytes) The size of the entire file system is listed in Mbytes.
Used size (Mbytes) The size of the file system in use is listed in Mbytes.
Free size (Mbytes) The size of the remaining file system is listed in Mbytes.

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Server Status(8/11)
Database
Database information of the EMS server can be searched and thresholds can be set
in Database.

Searching the Database Usage Rate


Threshold to issue a database status alarm
Database status searching period
Current status of the database

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Server Status(9/11)
Searching the Threshold of the Database
Click the menu to automatically search the threshold and display in the table.
Click the [Get] button, up-to-date information on the designated threshold is refreshed and
displayed.

Setting the Database Threshold


Users can set the desired threshold in the threshold setting table.

Item Description
Resource Types of database
Current status (%) Current usage rate of database
Total size (Mbytes) The size of the entire database is listed in Mbytes.
Used size (Mbytes) The size of the database in use is listed in Mbytes.
Free size (Mbytes) The size of the remaining database is listed in Mbytes.

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Server Status(10/11)
Resource Monitoring
Shows the status progress of CPU and memory.

Monitoring Resources
Select Interval from the window button, then select Start.

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Server Status(11/11)
Resource Statistics
Provides the searching function for hourly, daily, and monthly statistics for the usage
(%) of EMS resources such as CPU, file system, memory, and database.

Resource Statistics Search


Select resources to search for in the Resource type field of the settings table.
Select a name to search for in the Resource name.
Select a desired statistics type in the Statistics type.
Set the search period in the Period.
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Database
Log Management
Set the PM, FM, and SM raw data, the saving period of the hourly, daily and
monthly statistics data, and also automatically delete the data.

Searching and Changing the Save Period for Database Log Information
The saving period information currently specified for FM, PM and SM data will be displayed.
The storage cycle can be changed after you modify the data storage cycle and then press
the [Set] button.

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Self-Diagnostic(1/2)
Search the RMI, DB connection status, and event channel status of the
processes operated in the EMS server.

Parameter Description
Process Name Name of process
DB Status The connection status between the process and database is displ
ayed as when normal, and when abnormal.
RMI Status The connection status between the process and RMI is displayed
as when normal, and when abnormal.
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Self-Diagnostic(2/2)
Searching the Process Diagnosis Status
Database connection status and RMI connection status by process are displayed.
The connection status is displayed as normal and abnormal.
Click the [Test] button in the window to test the status and to refresh the window.

Parameter Description
Process Name Name of process
DB Status The connection status between the process and database is displ
ayed as when normal, and when abnormal.
RMI Status The connection status between the process and RMI is displayed
as when normal, and when abnormal.

Searching the Event Channel Diagnosis Status


The event channel status is displayed in the result table.
The event channel is displayed as normal and abnormal.
Click the [Test] button in the window to test the status and to refresh the window.

Item Description
Publisher Process which distributes events
Link Status The connection status between processes is displayed as
when normal, and when abnormal.
Subscriber Process which receives events
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Log Viewer
View the content of a log file in the LSM server.
Searching per time function and the searching per message function, respectively.

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Security Management

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User Management(1/3)
User Management
Set, search, change, and delete the user ID, user information, authority to use and
scope of use.

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User Management(2/3)
Parameter Description
User ID User ID
Privilege User Level. The level includes Security Administrator, System Adm
inistrator, Manager, Operator and Guest.
Status Users status-Enable/Disable/Lockout.
Group Information of group to which the user belongs.
Login Type Possibility of accessing with the same ID from different sessions at
the same time. If it is set as Single, it is unable to access with the s
ame ID but if it is set as Multiple, users can login as many times as
the designated number of sessions.
Last Login IP IP of the last access
Last Login Time Time of the last access
Managing Node Managing node

Searching Users
Currently registered user information is displayed in the result table.
Detailed user information is displayed on the right side of the window.
Click the [Search] button to refresh the user information.

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User Management(3/3)

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Changing Password
changing the user password
Security > Change password

Parameter Description

Old Password Password for current login

Password New password

Re-Password Confirm the new password

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Group Management(1/2)
Make Network Element Group and manage it.
Security > Group manager

Parameter Description

Group Name Name of a network group

Available network configuration elements are displayed in


Available Elements
tree view

Selected Elements Selected elements from the Available Elements items.

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Group Management(2/2)

If there is a user assigned to the group, you cannot delete the group.
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IP Management(1/2)
Manage the login authorization by client IP address and the number of
available shared sessions.
Security > IP Manager

Parameter Description
IP Address Client IP Information
Login Allowance Determines whether or not to permit the login. If it is set to Allow
, login from the registered IP is allowed but if it is set to Deny, lo
gin from the registered IP is not allowed.
Sessions If the Login Allowance has been set to Allow, it represents the m
aximum number of shared sessions (Max = 20).
Description IP Description
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IP Management(2/2)

if the Login Allowance is set to Deny, the client that was being operated in the IP address is forced to terminate.
If any client is currently operated in the IP address being deleted, the client is forced to terminate.
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Login History(1/2)
History
Search the users login and logout history using the History function.
EMS server to operate the system and information of the user set the current
session.

Parameter Description
User ID The account information of the logged in user
IP Address Client IP Information
Login Time The time when the user logged in
Logout Time The time when the user logged out
Success/Fail User access succeeded or failed
Login Fail Reason If failed, the reason for the login failure.
Logout Status Logout type
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Login History(2/2)
Logon Session
You can search the information of the user who logged into the EMS server, and if
necessary, you can forcefully terminate the session

Parameter Description
User ID The account information of the logged in user
Privilege Privilege of a login user
IP Address Client IP Information
Login Time The time when the user logged in

Forced Termination of the Logged on Session


Select an item to terminate the logged in session.
Click [Delete] button.

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Operation History
Operation History
Various operation histories can be searched from the database of the EMS server.
Search conditions : user ID, Function, Message, Command and Period.

Parameter Description
User ID ID of a login user
Target Target of a command
Function A separator of the EMS block using the command
Message A separator of command type
Request Time Time of requesting a command
Response Time Time of completion of a command
IP Address Client IP address that performed the command
Command Command executed
Result Result of the command execution
Fail Reason Reason for failed command
Additional Info. Parameter used upon command execution
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Help

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Help
view the information of the EMS server
Sever version
Sever copyright
Management targets of the server

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